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pierredv : altruism   3

Monkey brain area keeps count of kindnesses : Nature News & Comment
"When given the option either to drink juice from a tube themselves or to give the juice away to a neighbour, the test monkeys would mostly keep the drink. But when the choice was between giving the juice to the neighbour or neither monkey receiving it, the choosing monkey would frequently opt to give the drink to the other monkey. The researchers found that in two out of the three brain areas being recorded, neurons fired in the presence or absence of the juice reward only. By contrast, the third area — known as the anterior cingulate gyrus — responded only when the monkey allocated the juice to the neighbour and observed it being received. The authors suggest the neurons in the ACG respond to and record the act simultaneously."
brain-ACC  altruism  primatology  NatureJournal 
december 2012 by pierredv
The dark side of altruism - opinion - 09 September 2011 - New Scientist
Opinion piece by Barbara and Guruprasad Madhavan; co-editors of "Pathological Altruism," Oakley author of "Cold-Blooded Kindness: Neuroquirks of a codependent killer" "A pathological altruist is someone who is sincerely motivated to help others, but whose supposedly altruistic acts have harmful consequences." Examples: "during the Rwandan genocide in 1994, many Hutus killed Tutsis because they thought that in doing so they would help to protect their fellow Hutus" "anorexia may be rooted in pathologies of altruism: ... tendency of people with anorexia to sacrifice their own needs and interests" "Hitler, for example, was a master at using people's best traits - their faith, hope, love and willingness to make sacrifices - to his own advantage as he steered his nation to war"
behavior  psychology  opinion  NewScientist  altruism 
november 2011 by pierredv
‘Pay It Forward’ Pays Off | Energy Bulletin
"researchers from the University of California, San Diego and Harvard provide the first laboratory evidence that cooperative behavior is contagious and that it spreads from person to person to person"
behavior  altruism  kindness  via:andrewcurry 
april 2010 by pierredv

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