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Public Communication of Climate Change Science: Engaging Citizens Through Apocalyptic Narrative Explanation: Technical Communication Quarterly: Vol 18, No 1
Philippa Spoel, David Goforth, Hoi Cheu & David Pearson
Pages 49-81 | Published online: 23 Dec 2008
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Working from the premise that public input is essential to science policy deliberations, we analyze how two recent works of public communication about climate change (An Inconvenient Truth and Climate Change Show) draw on the rhetorical resource of apocalyptic narrative explanation to promote scientific fluency and inspire citizen engagement in the issues. By weaving together the proofs of ethos, logos, and pathos within a framework of cultural rationality, these narratives illustrate available means of persuasion for stimulating the public's informed participation in science policy discussions.
stories  narrative  climate-change  communication  science 
may 2019 by pierredv
The impact intrapraneurs: How Swiss Re and Oxfam joined forces to help African farmers | Ethical Corporation, Oct 2017
"In this guest blog, Karen Deignan of Net-Works interviews Christina Ulardic of Swiss Re and Marjorie Brans, formerly of Oxfam America, to find out how they worked together to create the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative to tackle climate risk in Africa"

"The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative is a comprehensive risk-management initiative that helps smallholder farmers in Africa cope with the impacts of climate change. ...
R4 currently reaches over 40,000 farmers (about 200,000 people) in Ethiopia, Senegal, Malawi and Zambia through a combination of four risk-management strategies: improved resource-management through asset creation (risk reduction), insurance (risk transfer), livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking) and savings (risk reserves)."

"Swiss Re provided the insurance component, but there were other components designed to ensure farmers could grow their crops successfully, get access to micro-credit to buy more seeds, and build up some savings."
Oxfam  SwissRe  climate  resilience  interviews  climate-change  insurance  risk 
february 2019 by pierredv
Climate change means the flood defence rule book needs a rewrite - New Scientist - Opinion 16 Jan 2016
"The chaotic behaviour of weather systems makes it impossible to accurately predict rainfall, river flows and the like more than a few weeks in advance. However, hydrologists tend to assume that these variables fluctuate randomly in the long run, which means that their average value, or the probability of exceeding a given threshold, can be estimated accurately from lots of observations. What’s more, these results do not change over time – a property known as “stationarity”– and so form the basis of flood defence plans."

But some hydrologists are saying that climate change => stationarity is dead.
NewScientist  opinion  climate-change  modeling  statistics  weather 
march 2016 by pierredv
It’s not what you spend: How to make aid to poor countries work better - Economist 23 May 2015
Now donors are trying a new approach: handing over aid only if outcomes improve. “Cash on delivery” sees donors and recipients set targets, for example to cut child mortality rates or increase the number of girls who finish school, and agree on how much will be paid if they are met. ... In cash-on-delivery schemes, recipients choose their own paths towards their targets, subject only to basic rules, such as respecting human rights.
development-assistance  TheEconomist  Norway  Brazil  climate-change  giving 
august 2015 by pierredv
Understand faulty thinking to tackle climate change - Opinion - George Marshall - Aug 2014
Kahneman "regards climate change as a perfect trigger [for loss aversion]: a distant problem that requires sacrifices now to avoid uncertain losses far in the future." "... the real problem: climate change is exceptionally amorphous. It provides us with no defining qualities that would give it a clear identity: no deadlines, no geographic location, no single cause or solution and, critically, no obvious enemy. ... leaving climate change wide open to another of Kahneman's biases – an "assimilation bias" that bends information to fit people's existing values and prejudices." "This silence is similar to that found around human rights abuses, argued the late Stanley Cohen" "Our response to climate change is uncannily similar to an even more universal disavowal: unwillingness to face our own mortality, says neuroscientist Janis Dickinson" "it is a mistake to assume that the scientific evidence of climate change will flow directly into action – or, conversely, that climate denial can be"
metaphor  rhetoric  climate-change  politics  bias  loss-aversion  assimilation-bias  narrative 
october 2014 by pierredv
The public and private ethics of climate change | University of Oxford Podcasts - Audio and Video Lectures
"This first lecture of a series entitled 'Climate Connections' is presented by John Broome, White's Professor of Moral Philosophy and Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. The progress of climate change places moral demands on all of us to do something about it. It makes moral demands on governments and the international community, and also on each of us as private individuals. The public and private morality of climate change derives from moral duties of two different sorts. Firstly, it derives from the general duty of beneficence to make things better. Secondly, it derives from duties of justice, and in particular from the duty not to harm other people except in specific circumstances. It turns out that the private morality of climate change is entirely governed by the duty of justice not to harm. Emitting greenhouse gas harms other people in a way that is not morally permitted, so we should not do it. Fortunately, at present we can satisfy this moral demand by offsetting our em"
WolfsonCollege  lectures  ethics  morality  climate-change  podcasts 
august 2014 by pierredv

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