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"The Extended Mind" by Andy Clark and David Chalmers
via DW Pasulka, American Cosmic, footnote 29 to Ch 4

"Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? The question invites two standard replies. Some accept the demarcations of skin and skull, and say that what is outside the body is outside the mind. Others are impressed by arguments suggesting that the meaning of our words "just ain't in the head", and hold that this externalism about meaning carries over into an externalism about mind. We propose to pursue a third position. We advocate a very different sort of externalism: an active externalism, based on the active role of the environment in driving cognitive processes."
cognition 
25 days ago by pierredv
An AI conference warns us why we need to mind our language | New Scientist issue 3212, Jan 2019
"We’re using the wrong words to talk about artificial intelligence."

"Language is at the heart of the problem. In his 2007 book, The Emotion Machine, computer scientist Marvin Minsky deplored (although even he couldn’t altogether avoid) the use of “suitcase words”: his phrase for words conveying specialist technical detail through simple metaphors. Think what we are doing when we say metal alloys “remember” their shape, or that a search engine offers “intelligent” answers to a query."

"Without metaphors and the human tendency to personify, we would never be able to converse, let alone explore technical subjects, but the price we pay for communication is a credulity when it comes to modelling how the world actually works. No wonder we are outraged when AI doesn’t behave intelligently. But it isn’t the program playing us false, rather the name we gave it."

"Earlier this year in a public forum [Turkish-born Memo Akten, based at Somerset House in London] threatened to strangle a kitten whenever anyone in the audience personified AI, by talking about “the AI”, for instance."
NewScientist  language  quotes  metaphor  thinking  cognition  AI  anthropomorphism  culture 
11 weeks ago by pierredv
The inequality delusion: Why we've got the wealth gap all wrong | New Scientist, 31 Mar 2018; Mark Sheskin
"There are staggering levels of inequality in the world, and wide agreement that these should be reduced. But we should aspire to fair inequality, not unfair equality."
cognition  culture  NewScientist  equality  fairness  economics  morality  ethics 
june 2018 by pierredv
Cognitive science: Mind as mirror : Nature : Nature Research
Review of
Surfaces and Essences: Analogy as the Fuel and Fire of Thinking
Douglas Hofstadter & Emmanuel Sander

"In fact, this intriguing, frustrating book seems to exist almost in an intellectual vacuum. Unless one combs through the bibliography, one could mistakenly imagine that it is the first attempt to explore the idea of analogy and metaphor in linguistics, overlooking the work of Raymond Gibbs, Andrew Ortony, Esa Itkonen and many others."
metaphor  analogy  cognition  books  reviews  NatureJournal 
march 2017 by pierredv
How to trump group-think in a post-truth world : Nature News & Comment - Nov 2106
Here, Kahan tells Nature about the real-world consequences of group affinity and cognitive bias, and about research that may point to remedies.
"Hierarchical and individualistic people tend to have confidence in markets and industry: those represent human ingenuity and power. People who are egalitarian and communitarian are suspicious of markets and industry. They see them as responsible for social disparity.

It’s natural to see things you consider honourable as good for society, and things that are base, as bad. Such associations will motivate people’s assessment of evidence."
cognition  bias  psychology  Dan-Kahan  politics  NatureJournal 
december 2016 by pierredv
The Case Against Reality - The Atlantic
"Donald D. Hoffman, a professor of cognitive science at the University of California, Irvine. Hoffman has spent the past three decades studying perception, artificial intelligence, evolutionary game theory and the brain, and his conclusion is a dramatic one: The world presented to us by our perceptions is nothing like reality. What’s more, he says, we have evolution itself to thank for this magnificent illusion, as it maximizes evolutionary fitness by driving truth to extinction."
"So while neuroscientists struggle to understand how there can be such a thing as a first-person reality, quantum physicists have to grapple with the mystery of how there can be anything but a first-person reality. In short, all roads lead back to the observer. And that’s where you can find Hoffman—straddling the boundaries, attempting a mathematical model of the observer, trying to get at the reality behind the illusion."
"Gefter: So everything we see is one big illusion?
Hoffman: We’ve been shaped to have perceptions that keep us alive, so we have to take them seriously. If I see something that I think of as a snake, I don’t pick it up. If I see a train, I don’t step in front of it. I’ve evolved these symbols to keep me alive, so I have to take them seriously. But it’s a logical flaw to think that if we have to take it seriously, we also have to take it literally."
reality  perception  physics  philosophy  TheAtlantic  cognition 
september 2016 by pierredv
The Evolutionary Argument Against Reality | Quanta Magazine
via John Helm
"Donald D. Hoffman, a professor of cognitive science at the University of California, Irvine. Hoffman has spent the past three decades studying perception, artificial intelligence, evolutionary game theory and the brain, and his conclusion is a dramatic one: The world presented to us by our perceptions is nothing like reality. What’s more, he says, we have evolution itself to thank for this magnificent illusion, as it maximizes evolutionary fitness by driving truth to extinction."
Hoffman: "The mathematical physicist Chetan Prakash proved a theorem that I devised that says: According to evolution by natural selection, an organism that sees reality as it is will never be more fit than an organism of equal complexity that sees none of reality but is just tuned to fitness. Never."
"perceptions will be tuned to fitness, but not to truth"
Q. So everything we see is one big illusion?
A. "We’ve been shaped to have perceptions that keep us alive, so we have to take them seriously. If I see something that I think of as a snake, I don’t pick it up. If I see a train, I don’t step in front of it. I’ve evolved these symbols to keep me alive, so I have to take them seriously. But it’s a logical flaw to think that if we have to take it seriously, we also have to take it literally."
A mathematical model of consciousness
"I have a space X of experiences, a space G of actions, and an algorithm D that lets me choose a new action given my experiences. Then I posited a W for a world, which is also a probability space. Somehow the world affects my perceptions, so there’s a perception map P from the world to my experiences, and when I act, I change the world, so there’s a map A from the space of actions to the world."
QuantaMagazine  reality  evolution  cognition  interviews 
may 2016 by pierredv
Debunking the Myth of the 10,000-Hours Rule: What It Actually Takes to Reach Genius-Level Excellence | Brain Pickings
"The secret to continued improvement, it turns out, isn’t the amount of time invested but the quality of that time... Instead, the factor Ericsson and other psychologists have identified as the main predictor of success is deliberate practice — persistent training to which you give your full concentration rather than just your time, often guided by a skilled expert, coach, or mentor. It’s a qualitative difference in how you pay attention, not a quantitative measure of clocking in the hours." "Goleman identifies a second necessary element: a feedback loop that allows you to spot errors as they occur and correct them, much like ballet dancers use mirrors during practice" "Additionally, the optimal kind of attention requires top-down focus." Quoting Goleman: "Ericsson finds world-class champions — whether weight-lifters, pianists, or a dog-sled team — tend to limit arduous practice to about four hours a day. "
learning  practice  cognition  ex  Brainpickings  meditation  howto  concentration  * 
january 2014 by pierredv
Thoughts: The inside story - life - 19 September 2013 - New Scientist
Distinguishing thought from perception: 1. thoughts involve the deployment of concepts, whereas sensory states do not 2. conscious character 3. mental faculty 4. integrative nature
thought  NewScientist  cognition  consciousness 
november 2013 by pierredv
David Brooks: The social animal | Video on TED.com
"Tapping into the findings of his latest book, NYTimes columnist David Brooks unpacks new insights into human nature from the cognitive sciences -- insights with massive implications for economics and politics as well as our own self-knowledge. In a talk full of humor, he shows how you can't hope to understand humans as separate individuals making choices based on their conscious awareness. "
society  cognition  ethics  education  politics  TED  via:marcberejka 
september 2012 by pierredv
Who's in charge – you or your brain? | The Observer April 2012
Are we governed by unconscious processes? Neuroscience believes so – but isn't the human condition more complicated than that? Two experts offer different views - David Eagleman and Raymond Tallis
cognition  neuroscience  via:mindhacks  x:observer  consciousness 
may 2012 by pierredv
Your clever body: Thinking from head to toe - life - 21 October 2011 - New Scientist
"There's more to your mind than your brain – your body plays a part in everything from social savvy to mathematical ability"
body  sensation  NewScientist  cognition  vipassana 
october 2011 by pierredv
Interoception drives increased rational decision-m... [Front Neurosci. 2011] - PubMed result
In summary, when assessing unfairness in the Ultimatum Game, meditators activate a different network of brain areas compared with controls enabling them to uncouple negative emotional reactions from their behavior.
meditation  research  decisionmaking  psychology  cognition 
august 2011 by pierredv
Mind reading: The science of storytelling - 17 February 2011 - New Scientist
Starp line: "You may think you can tell fact from fiction, but your brain doesn't know the difference" Includes reports on research by Gazzaniga, Zak, Casebeer
psychology  writing  narrative  oxytocin  cognition  stories  NewScientist  research 
march 2011 by pierredv
Kids with low self-control are less successful adults - health - 26 January 2011 - New Scientist
"Children who lack self-control are more likely to become adults with poor health and finances." Research by Avshalom Caspi at Duke University in North Carolina, Terrie Moffitt at King's College London and colleagues, who followed the progress of 1000 children born between 1972 and 1973 in New Zealand.
NewScientist  education  cognition  behavior  poverty  health  development  self-control 
march 2011 by pierredv
Being bilingual may delay Alzheimer's and boost brain power | Science | The Guardian
"Learning a second language and speaking it regularly can improve your cognitive skills and delay the onset of dementia"
cognition  alzheimers  brain  health  theguardian 
february 2011 by pierredv
What's in a name? The words behind thought - life - 06 September 2010 - New Scientist
"You think more words than you speak – perhaps because language really does shape the way we navigate the world"
language  psychology  experiment  cognition  NewScientist 
december 2010 by pierredv
How weird are you? Oddball minds of the western world - life - 16 November 2010 - New Scientist
Westerners perform differently on many psych tests compared to those of other cultures WEIRD: "western, educated, industrialised, rich and democratic" e.g. = Müller-Lyer illusion = languages that orient to person vs. absolute directions = categorization: genus vs. class (elm vs. tree) = reasoning style: "Westerners are more inclined to reason analytically, focusing on categories and laws, while easterners reason holistically, paying more attention to patterns and context" = morality: money split game: " WEIRD people tended to make the largest offers - around 50 per cent - and when WEIRD folk were in the receiver's position, they were most likely to punish low offers with an outright rejection." Patterns in splitting money - " can be predicted on the basis of two relatively recent cultural developments: market integration and organised religion" = "The more a culture relies on market transactions and the greater the participation in world religions such as Christianity "
cognition  culture  psychology  NewScientist  illusions 
november 2010 by pierredv
Philosophers Zone - 2 October 2010 - The Extended Mind
Richard Menari and John Sutton
"Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? Some philosophers are now arguing that thoughts are not all in the head. The environment has an active role in driving cognition; cognition is sometimes made up of neural, bodily, and environmental processes. Their argument has excited a vigorous debate among philosophers and this week we discover what the fuss is about."
brain  mind  philosophy  cognition  ** 
november 2010 by pierredv
Does Language Influence Culture? - WSJ.com, Lera Boroditsky
"a flurry of new cognitive science research is showing that in fact, language does profoundly influence how we see the world"
cognition  perception  x:wsj  **  language 
july 2010 by pierredv
Brief meditative exercise helps cognition
"meditation-trained participants showed a significant improvement in their critical cognitive skills (and performed significantly higher in cognitive tests than a control group) after only four days of training for only 20 minutes each day."
psychology  meditation  cognition  via:gmsv  x:sciencedaily 
april 2010 by pierredv
Mind over matter? How your body does your thinking - life - 24 March 2010 - New Scientist
New experimental results that seem to bear out Lakoff's contention about the embodiment of metaphors. Tobias Loetscher at Melbourne et al has run experiments where our ability to think of random numbers are linked to bodily movements: eye movement could predict the size of the number the subject was going to say. Also interesting other work where moving objects up or down between shelves affected mood.
cognition  psychology  neuroscience  behavior  metaphor  NewScientist 
april 2010 by pierredv
Blueprint of the songbird genome = BBC News
"by comparing the chicken genome to that of a songbird, the scientists were able to identify genes that were most important in vocalisation and song-learning. "
Via Adriana Shum
science  cognition  x:bbc 
april 2010 by pierredv
Picking our brains: How many ways can we be conscious? - life - 01 April 2010 - New Scientist
"YOU might think consciousness is like a light switch, either on or off. But the true picture now seems rather murkier, challenging our notions of awareness and free will, as well as raising issues of consent in coma patients."
consciousness  cognition  NewScientist  via  artsjournal 
april 2010 by pierredv
Depression’s Upside - NYTimes.com Feb 2010
by Jonah Lehrer built around the "analytic-rumination hypothesis"" for depression advanced by Andrews and Thompson but lots of quotes and bits about brain anatomy, eg. focus in the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex VLPFC
NYTimes  depression  psychology  neuroscience  cognition  brain-VLPFC  anatomy  brain 
march 2010 by pierredv
Objectification Hinders Some Women's Cognitive Ability | Smart Journalism. Real Solutions. | Miller-McCune Online Magazine
Paper “My Body or My Mind,” by Gay and Castano, recently published in the European Journal of Social Psychology. It suggests some women who are objectified by men internalize this perception and think of themselves as “a sexual object to be scrutinized.”
cognition  gender  psychology 
march 2010 by pierredv
Your Computer Really Is a Part of You - Wired
By Brandon Keim March 9, 2010
"Chemero’s experiment, published March 9 in Public Library of Science, was designed to test one of Heidegger’s fundamental concepts: that people don’t notice familiar, functional tools, but instead “see through” them to a task at hand, for precisely the same reasons that one doesn’t think of one’s fingers while tying shoelaces. The tools are us. Read More http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/03/heidegger-tools/#ixzz0iH8RVk1r"
psychology  computer  interface  cognition  heidegger 
march 2010 by pierredv
The Extended Mind
Andy Clark & David Chalmers
"Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? The question invites two standard replies. Some accept the demarcations of skin and skull, and say that what is outside the body is outside the mind. Others are impressed by arguments suggesting that the meaning of our words "just ain't in the head", and hold that this externalism about meaning carries over into an externalism about mind. We propose to pursue a third position. We advocate a very different sort of externalism: an active externalism, based on the active role of the environment in driving cognitive processes. "
philosophy  psychology  cognition  via:gmsv 
march 2010 by pierredv
Finding the self in self-transcendent emotions — PNAS
Jonathan Haidt and James P. Morris
Commentary on Immordino-Yang, McCall, Damasio & Damasio
PNAS  damasio  cognition  mind  emotion 
february 2010 by pierredv
Damasio - Minding the body - Daedalus - First Page
Summer 2006, Vol. 135, No. 3, Pages 15-22
Antonio Damasio
Hanna Damasio
damasio  body  mind  cognition 
february 2010 by pierredv
Easy = True - The Boston Globe
"Cognitive fluency is simply a measure of how easy it is to think about something, and it turns out that people prefer things that are easy to think about to those that are hard. "
psychology  cognition  via:gmsv 
february 2010 by pierredv
Variability in User Performance (Jakob Nielsen's Alertbox)
Summary:
When doing website tasks, the slowest 25% of users take 2.4 times as long as the fastest 25% of users. This difference is much higher than for other types of computer use; only programming shows a greater disparity.
factoids  cognition  design  x:jakobnielsen 
december 2009 by pierredv
The Peeriodic Table of Illusions - opinion - 12 November 2009 - New Scientist
"I've tried to classify illusions in a way that shows the principles underlying them, starting with physical causes, moving on to physiological disturbances of neural signals, and finally to cognitive processes - where the brain tries to make sense of sensory signals, not always successfully."
psychology  cognition  illusions  NewScientist 
november 2009 by pierredv
Multitaskers easily distrac … oh, look, a pony! | Good Morning Silicon Valley
"Professor Clifford Nass, researcher Eyal Ophir and associate professor Anthony Wagner set out to see if heavy-duty media multitaskers had some cognitive edge that allowed them to juggle multiple input streams more effectively than others. “We kept looking for what they’re better at, and we didn’t find it,” said Ophir, the study’s lead author."
cognition  multitasking  psychology  x:gmsv 
august 2009 by pierredv
Will designer brains divide humanity? - science-in-society - 13 May 2009 - New Scientist
A survey of cognition interventions, but with insert on influence of meditation on brain tissue: "WE ARE on the brink of technological breakthroughs that could augment our mental powers beyond recognition. It will soon be possible to boost human brainpower with electronic "plug-ins" or even by genetic enhancement. What will this mean for the future of humanity?" "The evidence for this plasticity continues to grow. Andreas Roepstorff of Aarhus University in Denmark presented brain scans at the Berlin meeting showing that in people who meditate, the areas of the brain that control breathing are larger than the corresponding areas in people who do not (NeuroReport, DOI: 10.1097/wnr.0b013e328320012a)."
brain  culture  cognition  neuroscience  meditation  NewScientist 
july 2009 by pierredv
Neuroscience and social deprivation: I am just a poor boy though my story's seldom told | The Economist
Why the children of the poor underachieve in later life:
(1) Martha Farah showed in 2006 that "the working memories of children who have been raised in poverty have smaller capacities than those of middle-class children"
(2) in this report, news of Evans and Schamberg who "have found that the reduced capacity of the memories of the poor is almost certainly the result of stress affecting the way that childish brains develop"
It seems to be stress and stress alone: "the diminution of memory in the poorer members of their study was entirely explained by stress, rather than by any more general aspect of poverty"
cognition  learning  poverty  TheEconomist 
july 2009 by pierredv
People's misperceptions cloud their understanding of rainy weather forecasts = uweek.org |
"people don't understand what the 20 percent chance of rain actually refers to. Many people think it means that it will rain over 20 percent of the area covered by the forecast or for 20 percent of the time period covered by the forecast, said Susan Joslyn, a UW cognitive psychologist and senior lecturer"
"When a forecast says there is 20 percent chance of rain tomorrow it actually means it will rain on 20 percent of the days with exactly the same atmospheric conditions," she said
uw  weather  psychology  cognition  ** 
may 2009 by pierredv
East meets west: How the brain unites us all = New Sci 7 Mar 09
how culture and character affect the way one thinks - stereotypes may have something to them, but a lot is just the person Examples: ... differences in visual attention ... affect how people categorise objects, with east Asians tending to group things according to how they relate to each other and Americans tending to rely on shared features. When shown pictures of a chicken, a cow and some grass, and asked to decide which two objects belong most closely together, for example, most American kids choose the chicken and cow, since they are both animals, while Taiwanese children tend to group the cow and the grass together because one eats the other... People from all cultures can engage in both analytical and holistic thought, but different starting points People have to work harder to perform tasks outside their cultural comfort zone There's a continuum of traits across the globe
psychology  cognition  culture  NewScientist 
march 2009 by pierredv
Minds and Computers - Matt Carter
"Could a computer have a mind? What kind of machine would this be? Exactly what do we mean by ‘mind’ anyway?"
Encountered via Philosopher's Zone, interview May 2007 http://www.abc.net.au/rn/philosopherszone/stories/2007/1916966.htm
psychology  philosophy  computing  cognition  books 
january 2009 by pierredv
Does Consciousness Exist? (1904): by William James
via Daniel Robinson in Teaching Co lecture 1 in Consciousness and its Implications
psychology  consciousness  via:teachingcompany  cognition 
january 2009 by pierredv
Mind Hacks: Ganzfeld hallucinations
"The cognitive science journal Cortex has just released a special issue on the neuropsychology of paranormal experiences and belief, and contains a fantastic article on hallucinations induced by the Ganzfeld procedure."
cognition  hallucination  via:gmsv 
november 2008 by pierredv
Experiencing Physical Warmth Promotes Interpersonal Warmth -- Williams and Bargh 322 (5901): 606 -- Science
"Warmth" is the most powerful personality trait in social judgment, and attachment theorists have stressed the importance of warm physical contact with caregivers during infancy for healthy relationships in adulthood. Intriguingly, recent research in humans points to the involvement of the insula in the processing of both physical temperature and interpersonal warmth (trust) information. Accordingly, we hypothesized that experiences of physical warmth (or coldness) would increase feelings of interpersonal warmth (or coldness), without the person's awareness of this influence. In study 1, participants who briefly held a cup of hot (versus iced) coffee judged a target person as having a "warmer" personality (generous, caring); in study 2, participants holding a hot (versus cold) therapeutic pad were more likely to choose a gift for a friend instead of for themselves.
psychology  cognition 
november 2008 by pierredv
Lacking Control Increases Illusory Pattern Perception -- Whitson and Galinsky 322 (5898): 115 -- Science
Whitson & Galinsky
"Participants who lacked control were more likely to perceive a variety of illusory patterns, including seeing images in noise, forming illusory correlations in stock market information, perceiving conspiracies, and developing superstitions"
Interview with Whitson at start of Science Podcast, 3 October 2008 http://podcasts.aaas.org/science_podcast/SciencePodcast_081003.mp3
cognition  psychology  management  decisionmaking  via:sciencemag  *** 
november 2008 by pierredv
Five Ways Brain Scans Mislead Us: Scientific American
# Metaphors are often used in science to understand difficult and counterintuitive phenomena.
# The metaphor of the mind as a Swiss Army knife, a collection of specialized modules designed to solve specific problems, has been enhanced by brain-scanning technologies such as functional magnetic resonance imaging.
# Such brain scans, however, are misleading on a number of levels and have led some neuroscientists and the media to overemphasize the localization of brain function
metaphor  cognition  via:sciam  ** 
october 2008 by pierredv
The Power of Words: Scientific American
Intro to special issue:
"the words we choose can shape how we individually and collectively consider complex issues. If we speak of the “war” against terrorism, for instance, that implies battlefield solutions. But if we talk about it as a “crime” or a “disease,” that suggests approaches that are different—and perhaps ultimately more effective—for combating an intractable nonstate enemy. Each term has benefits and drawbacks, and they may be most effective when used in combination, as experts Arie W. Kruglanski, Martha Crenshaw, Jerrold M. Post and Jeff Victoroff explain in “Talking about Terrorism.”"
words  metaphor  cognition  via:sciam 
october 2008 by pierredv
Never Say Die: Why We Can't Imagine Death: Scientific American
Jesse Bering
"And yet people in every culture believe in an afterlife of some kind or, at the very least, are unsure about what happens to the mind at death. My psychological research has led me to believe that these irrational beliefs, rather than resulting from religion or serving to protect us from the terror of inexistence, are an inevitable by-product of self-consciousness. Because we have never experienced a lack of consciousness, we cannot imagine what it will feel like to be dead. In fact, it won’t feel like anything—and therein lies the problem."
psychology  cognition  via:sciam  death  spirituality  *** 
october 2008 by pierredv
Cognition nutrition | Food for thought | Economist.com
"Dr Gómez-Pinilla has been studying the effects of food on the brain for years, and has now completed a review, just published in Nature Reviews Neuroscience, that has analysed more than 160 studies of food’s effect on the brain. Some foods, he concludes"
cognition  diet  health  via:economist 
august 2008 by pierredv
Attention and awareness in stage magic: turning tricks into research : Article : Nature Reviews Neuroscience
"magicians have explored the techniques that most effectively divert attention or exploit the shortcomings of human vision and awareness. As such, magic is a rich and largely untapped source of insight into perception and awareness"
neuroscience  cognition  psychology  via:gmsv  ** 
august 2008 by pierredv
Virginia Woolf, At Intersection Of Science And Art : NPR
the mystery of how a seemingly unified identity is created out of all the buzzing parts of the mind
psychology  mind  cognition  writing  npr  ** 
august 2008 by pierredv
Memories of your last meal can help you stay thin - health - 24 April 2008 - New Scientist
"certain ways of thinking can curb your appetite" - recalling a specific meal reduces amount eaten
cognition  behavior  NewScientist 
june 2008 by pierredv
Financial endocrinology | Bulls at work | Economist.com
roles of cortisol, testoterone in trading behavior: "whether or not a trader will have a profitable day can be predicted by his testosterone level in the morning" - but note that there was a rebuttal in the letters pages a couple of issues later
economics  finance  cognition  behavior  psychology  via:economist 
june 2008 by pierredv
Sin, Thy Name Is Temptation - Dangerous Bikinis « intellectual vanities… about close to everything
"the activation of sexual desire appears to spill over into other brain systems involved in reward-seeking behaviors, even the cognitive desire for money"
via Visna Gerintes
commerce  cognition 
june 2008 by pierredv
Memory Loss - Aging - Alzheimer's Disease - Aging Brains Take In More Information, Studies Show - Health - New York Times
"for most aging adults ... much of what occurs is a gradually widening focus of attention that makes it more difficult to latch onto just one fact, like a name or a telephone number. Although that can be frustrating, it is often useful."
cognition  neuroscience  ageing  NYTimes 
may 2008 by pierredv
Dunning-Kruger effect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"The Dunning-Kruger effect is the phenomenon wherein people who have little knowledge tend to think that they know more than they do, while others who have much more knowledge tend to think that they know less."
behavior  cognition  via:wikipedia 
april 2008 by pierredv
Psychology | Sugaring the decision | Economist.com
"Whether reason or intuition is used may depend simply on the decision-maker's blood-sugar level—which is, itself, affected by the process of reasoning." Masicampo & Baumeister, Florida State U
cognition  decisionmaking  psychology  via:economist 
april 2008 by pierredv
Ken Perlin (NYU) "Responsive Face"
change expression by altering position of eyebrows, mouth, gaze etc.
seems related to Ekman
psychology  cognition  via:gmsv 
april 2008 by pierredv
Doctor: "Ichiro has a very fine prefrontal cortex" | Seattle Times Newspaper
it seems Suzuki's approach is based on an exquisite awareness of the feelings in his body, particularly when batting - not unlike what some kinds of meditation strive to achieve
meditation  cognition  sport  via:seattletimes 
march 2008 by pierredv
Symbolic Manipulators Affect Mathematical Mindsets
Bing and Redish - Mathematica distracts students from understanding underlying physics, focusing instead on mathematical formulation
cognition  problemsolving 
march 2008 by pierredv
Perspectives: Meaning and the body - opinion - 12 January 2008 - New Scientist
"Meaning helps us make sense of both our private world and our public intellectual world. But what do we mean by "meaning"? Can we hope to understand it?" Review by Mark Johnson of his work with Lakoff
cognition  philosophy  NewScientist 
march 2008 by pierredv
Fooling yourself is an ancient and useful trait - being-human - 02 November 2007 - New Scientist
"Over the past 50 years, hundreds of studies have revealed the many tools at our disposal which cope with this "cognitive dissonance" - from selective memory to the biased framing and retelling of events. These allow us to live with our choices and, ultim
psychology  evolution  cognition 
december 2007 by pierredv
Tracing Business Acumen to Dyslexia - NY Times
reminded of Craig McCaw, who according to TG is dyslexic
cognition  commerce 
december 2007 by pierredv
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