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pierredv : definitions   5

What is Ethnography? | Anthropology@Princeton
"Ethnography is a research method central to knowing the world from the standpoint of its social relations. It is a qualitative research method predicated on the diversity of culture at home (wherever that may be) and abroad. Ethnography involves hands-on, on-the-scene learning — and it is relevant wherever people are relevant. Ethnography is the primary method of social and cultural anthropology, but it is integral to the social sciences and humanities generally, and draws its methods from many quarters, including the natural sciences."

"Anthropology is the comprehensive study of human development, culture, and change throughout the world, past and present. "
definitions  ethnography  anthropology  Research  methods 
july 2019 by pierredv
Muddled meanings hamper efforts to fix reproducibility crisis : Nature News & Comment
Various definitions:
1. “Reproduction is taking the idea of a scientific project and showing that it is robust enough to survive various sorts of analysis”
2. "a finding is reproducible if another researcher gets the same results when doing exactly the same experiment"
3. "a reproducible experiment is merely one that has been published with a sufficiently complete description — such as detailed methods — for another scientist to repeat it"

“Reproducibility is shorthand for a lot of problems,” -- Jon Lorsch

"researchers at the Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford in California proposed three [expanded terms]: methods reproducibility, results reproducibility and inferential reproducibility, mapping roughly onto the three concepts described by Fang [above]."

"Victoria Stodden, a data scientist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, makes the distinction between ‘empirical’ reproducibility (supplying all the details necessary for someone to physically repeat and verify an experiment) and ‘computational’ and ‘statistical’ reproducibility, which refer to the resources needed to redo computational and analytical findings"

"a white paper by the American Society for Cell Biology in Bethesda dismissed reproducibility as a catch-all term, and introduced a four-tier definition instead. According to this paper, “analytic replication” refers to attempts to reproduce results by reanalysing original data; “direct replication” refers to efforts to use the same conditions, materials and methods as an original experiment; “systematic replication” describes efforts to produce the same findings using different experimental conditions (such as trying an experiment in a different cell line or mouse strain), and “conceptual replication”, which refers to attempts to demonstrate the general validity of a concept, perhaps even using different organisms"

"a paper that aimed to distil best practices for neuroimaging outlined 10 levels of reproducibility in such experiments across three categories, called ‘measurement stability’, ‘analytical stability’ and ‘generalizability’."
reproducibility  definitions  semantics  scientific-method  NatureJournal 
july 2018 by pierredv
Equity legal definition of equity
In its broadest sense, equity is fairness. As a legal system, it is a body of law that addresses concerns that fall outside the jurisdiction of Common Law. Equity is also used to describe the money value of property in excess of claims, liens, or mortgages on the property.
definitions  law  nomenclature  terminology  vocabulary 
may 2018 by pierredv
Equity | Wex Legal Dictionary / Encyclopedia | LII / Legal Information Institute
In law, the term "equity" refers to a particular set of remedies and associated procedures involved with civil law. These equitable doctrines and procedures are distinguished from "legal" ones. While legal remedies typically involve monetary damages, equitable relief typically refers to injunctions, specific performance, or vacatur. A court will typically award equitable remedies when a legal remedy is insufficient or inadequate. For example, courts will typically award equitable relief for a claim which involves a particular or unique piece of real estate, or if the plaintiff requests specific performance.
law  definitions  vocabulary  terminology  nomenclature 
may 2018 by pierredv

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