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pierredv : development-assistance   57

The Mobile Gender Gap Report 2018 | Mobile for Development - GSMA
"This report reveals for the first time the magnitude of the gender gap in mobile internet use across low- and middle-income countries, as well as highlighting the persistent gender disparity in mobile ownership and the barriers to ownership and use."

Findings from this report are based on the results of over 25,000 face-to-face surveys commissioned by GSMA Intelligence across 23 low- and middle-income countries, and subsequent modelling and analysis of this survey data.
GSMA  mobile  cellular  development-assistance  gender 
february 2019 by pierredv
It's Time to Slow Digital Credit's Growth in East Africa | CGAP Oct 2018
"CGAP has now gathered and analyzed phone survey data from over 1,100 digital borrowers from Kenya and 1,000 borrowers from Tanzania. We have also reviewed transactional and demographic data associated with over 20 million digital loans (with an average loan size below $15) disbursed over a 23-month period in Tanzania. Both the demand- and supply-side data show that transparency and responsible lending issues are contributing to high late-payment and default rates in digital credit."
CGAP  development-assistance  credit  finance 
october 2018 by pierredv
Using Satellite Data to Scale Smallholder Agricultural Insurance | CGAP Sep 2018
"This paper looks beyond the excitement of the vast possibilities for satellite data applications to promote scale in smallholder agricultural insurance. It documents lessons learned from using these data to reduce the costs and improve the quality of smallholder agricultural insurance in Nigeria and Kenya. "
CGAP  development-assistance  finance  insurance  satellite  agriculture  Nigeria  Kenya  remote-sensing  EO 
september 2018 by pierredv
Blockchain: A Solution in Search of a Problem? | CGAP June 2018
"The question we have is not “Does blockchain work?” but "Does it work better than other technology solutions in the market?" And what are the cost-benefit trade-offs to switching to a new consensus-based technology solution? We have seen lots of proofs of concept that it can work, but not a lot of quantified analysis on why a DLT solution might be better than existing alternatives.

So, to what extent is blockchain a solution in search of a problem? There are a few important hurdles for those considering blockchain solutions in the financial inclusion space."

Governance, rules, oversight: "the complexity of establishing governance arrangements and rules is not much different than that of setting up a payment system today, whether retail or wholesale"

Regulation: "DLT could help reduce the cost of cross-border transfers by making net settlement positions known in real time to all participants, lowering liquidity management costs and minimizing foreign exchange risks"

Privacy, complexity, scalability: "But privacy was an issue: Running the [SWIFT] test with just 28 banks required 528 subledgers to maintain the confidentiality of information. ... Using today’s technology, Visa can process 24,000 transactions per second. The best I have been able to find that any DLT can do is 1,500-2,000 transactions per second"

Intersection with cash economy: "Mobile network operators, with 2.9 million active cash-in/cash-out agents worldwide, currently reach the poor very effectively, ... It is not evident that DLT makes it work better, particularly in environments where both 3G and electricity access are sketchy."

Recourse

"In the financial inclusion space, we have not yet seen business models emerge that make a compelling case for DLT over existing technology solutions with trusted third-party managers. ... Places where we think there may be breakthroughs are mostly in areas where distributed, real-time information is important: supply chain finance, agricultural value chains, identity verification, personal data storage, clearing and settlement, collateral and land registries and maybe credit reporting."
CGAP  blockchain  development-assistance  finance  SWIFT 
june 2018 by pierredv
Great strides have been made against disease and poverty - Generation games, Sep 2017
“Over the next few decades the fertility gap between Africa and the rest of the world is expected to narrow, but only excruciatingly slowly. . . . This demographic divergence is a big reason to fear that poverty will stick around. Today 9% of the world’s people are believed to live in extreme poverty—defined as consuming less than $1.90 a day at 2011 purchasing-power parity. About half of those people are under 18. This represents remarkable progress: in 1990 about 35% of all people were thought to be extremely poor by the same yardstick. But progress will probably be much slower from now on. . . . Although the share of Africans living in deep poverty is falling, it is not falling quickly enough to outweigh rapid population growth.”
TheEconomist  GatesFoundation  development-assistance  health  Africa 
november 2017 by pierredv
How Developing Countries Can Prevent Their Own Equifax Breach | CGAP
Developing countries have a great advantage when it comes to data security — they can learn from the lessons of developed countries. The recent incident involving the security breach at the American credit bureau Equifax, that exposed the personal information of over 145 million people, provides two important lessons: avoid big databases where possible and give consumers more control over their personal information.
CGAP  finance  development-assistance  cybersecurity  Equifax  opinion 
november 2017 by pierredv
It’s not what you spend: How to make aid to poor countries work better - Economist 23 May 2015
Now donors are trying a new approach: handing over aid only if outcomes improve. “Cash on delivery” sees donors and recipients set targets, for example to cut child mortality rates or increase the number of girls who finish school, and agree on how much will be paid if they are met. ... In cash-on-delivery schemes, recipients choose their own paths towards their targets, subject only to basic rules, such as respecting human rights.
development-assistance  TheEconomist  Norway  Brazil  climate-change  giving 
august 2015 by pierredv
RAND Designs Web Registry for Developing-Country Impact Evaluations | RAND
"The RAND Corporation has developed a new web registry that aims to increase transparency in the performance and reporting of studies of the impacts of programs, minimizing concerns over several well-known types of bias in research or reporting. The Registry for International Development Impact Evaluations, known as RIDIE, was created for the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie), and will serve as a registry of impact evaluations related specifically to development in low and middle income countries."
development-assistance  RIDIE  RAND 
september 2013 by pierredv
Ten biggest food and beverage companies failing millions of people who grow their ingredients | Oxfam International Feb 2013
"New Oxfam campaign ranks social policies of food and beverage companies "The social and environmental policies of the world’s ten biggest food and beverage giants are not fit for modern purpose and need a major shake-up, says international agency Oxfam."
development-assistance  Oxfam  food  companies  campaign 
february 2013 by pierredv
Free exchange: The geography of poverty | The Economist Sep 2012
Review of work by Andy Summer, vs. Kharas & Rogerson Summer: Four-fifths of those surviving on less than $2 a day, he found, live in middle-income countries, so foreign aid is less relevant to poverty reduction than better domestic policies in middle-income countries, ensure benefits from public spending equitably distributed to the poorest Kharas & Rogerson: by 2025 most absolute poverty will once again be concentrated in low-income countries; Summer's pattern is a passing phase, so foreign aid continues to be vital, focus on governance, move governments from fragile to stable Origin of differences? = Overlap, almost 200m poor people in middle-income and fragile states = Summer ~ present, K & R ~ forecasting = Summer focuses on income differences betweeen countries, K &R focus on politics, stable vs fragile countries
poverty  foreign-aid  development-assistance  TheEconomist  ** 
september 2012 by pierredv
What have the MDGs achieved? We don’t really know… Heretical thoughts from Matthew Lockwood
on: From Poverty to Power by Duncan Green » Blog Archive » What have the MDGs achieved? We don’t really know… Heretical thoughts from Matthew Lockwood
MDG  oxfam  development-assistance  poverty 
september 2012 by pierredv
CGAP>Advancing Savings Services
"Many microfinance funders have long recognized the importance of savings services for poor people. However, a majority of funders still focus on scaling up access to credit, rather than savings. There are three main reasons for this." = historically, credit has been seen as most direct way to increase incomes - the entrepreneurial narrative = easiest way to distribute large piles of cash is to finance loan portfolios = doing savings is harder
development-assistance  x:CGAP  poverty  saving  finance 
october 2011 by pierredv
Getting to a “Grand Bargain” for Aid Reform: The Basic Framework for U.S. Foreign Assistance : Center for Global Development : Publications
"In this paper, Jean Arkedis focuses on understanding why long-term development is often subjugated to other objectives in the day-to-day planning processes of the U.S. government. She proposes one way to ensure that funding choices are made more rationally and systematically: by aligning the differing goals of aid more explicitly with redefined foreign assistance budget accounts." via Robin Stephenson
development-assistance  aid  Foreign  Policy  reform  x:cgdev 
february 2011 by pierredv
Foreign aid on trial - environment - 15 December 2010 - New Scientist
Case for randomized trials of development projects. Work of Paul Collier (Oxford) and Esther Duflo (MIT) Quote: Development economist William Easterly of New York University argues that throughout the history of development aid, successes and failures have rarely conformed to any simple picture. "After half a century of research," he says, "it's safe to say that economists still don't have any real understanding of why one country has a high rate of growth and another doesn't." The problem is that experiments are bad politics. Quote: Anecdote: African farmers used mosquito nets for fishing.
economics  development-assistance  experiment  poverty  NewScientist  growth 
december 2010 by pierredv
Bill Gates Revamps His Polio-Eradication Effort Amid Africa Outbreak - WSJ.com
"disease-specific wars can succeed only if they also strengthen the overall health system in poor countries"
The "horizontal" vs. "vertical" debate
development-assistance  health  philanthropy  x:wsj 
april 2010 by pierredv
Using existing payment programs to reach scale
"More than 170 million poor people worldwide receive regular payments from their governments, but the potential to use these payments to increase financial inclusion is largely untapped, according to Banking the Poor via G2P Payments, a new Focus Note from CGAP and the U.K.’s Department for International Development (DFID). Pioneering programs in Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa are providing financial services, such as savings accounts and electronic money transfers, to poor recipients of government transfers. But the Focus Note finds that worldwide fewer than one-quarter of government-to-person (G2P) payments to the poor land in a financially inclusive account—i.e., one that enables recipients to store funds, make or receive payments from other people in the financial system, and is accessible, in terms of cost and distance."
poverty  development-assistance  finance  banking  x:CGAP 
february 2010 by pierredv
Glenn Hubbard on redirecting aid
Glenn Hubbard, Dean of Columbia B-School and former chair of the President's Council of Economic Advisors, on why foreign aid has failed to bring economic growth, and how to fix it. In short: funnel the money to mid-sized business directly, not governments.
development-assistance  video  TheEconomist 
january 2010 by pierredv
Aid agencies 'must use new tools' - BBC News -
story based on UN Foundation's report "New Technologies in Emergencies and Conflicts"
Incl. stories about tools like Usahidi
development  crisis  technology  disaster  development-assistance 
december 2009 by pierredv
Bread Institute - Sep 2009 background paper (PDF)
"assistance for nutrition (including food aid), basic water, and sanitation combined was only about three percent of all bilateral development assistance"
factoids  hunger  development-assistance  BreadfortheWorld  filetype:pdf  media:document 
october 2009 by pierredv
What it’s like to be a refugee in America | csmonitor.com
Mary Wiltenberg - big picture analysis. Remarkably similiar politically to hunger relief. left comment #8
development-assistance  international  politics  policy 
july 2009 by pierredv
Joint Aid Management - Home
a South African humanitarian relief organization, that has led sustainable development for the past 25 years, in a US hunger/poverty relief newsletter
Found via ref in Alliance to End Hunger newsletter
hunger  poverty  development-assistance  charity  South-Africa 
july 2009 by pierredv
A ‘miracle tree’ that could feed sub-Saharan Africa | csmonitor.com
"The moringa’s leaves and seedpods deliver extraordinary nutrition, advocates say, but aid groups await a formal study."
diet  biology  ecology  development-assistance  CSMonitor 
september 2008 by pierredv
The Doha dilemma | Economist.com
"Does freer farm trade help poor people?"
two conclusions: WB etc should beware sweeping generalisations about food prices &the poor. Second, the nature of trade reform matters. Cutting subsidies on staple goods may be less useful than cutting tariffs
hunger  development-assistance  trade  commerce  via:economist 
june 2008 by pierredv
CGAP>Are We Overestimating Demand for Microloans?
"The limited evidence available suggests that current estimates may be too high. .... On balance, our suspicion is that most microcredit demand estimates are probably overstated, sometimes by wide margins."
development-assistance  poverty  finance 
june 2008 by pierredv
Foreign Policy: Africa Plays the Rice Card
"The secret of Uganda’s homegrown success? Ignoring decades of bad Western advice." specifically, by not eliminating du8ties on imported rice, they have grown a local capability
agriculture  economics  trade  development-assistance 
may 2008 by pierredv
The mystery of capital deepens - Giving land titles to the poor is no silver bullet| Economist.com
Argentina experiment of people getting title vs not "Secure land rights do encourage the poor to build their nests ...[but] title is not enough in itself to animate the dead capital interred in land and property."
economics  development-assistance  poverty  via:economist  property-rights 
april 2008 by pierredv
Famine, farm prices and aid | Food for thought | Economist.com
"Soaring prices for products like rice and wheat are causing headaches for aid agencies and politicians" Quotes Meera Shekar World Bank: hunger is the wrong target: Hunger is transient and hard to measure, but malnutrition is a pernicious killer
poverty  hunger  development-assistance  via:economist 
april 2008 by pierredv
Practical steps to end poverty | csmonitor.com
Fifth of five op-eds by Mark Lange about ending poverty among the last billion
poverty  development-assistance  CSMonitor 
march 2008 by pierredv
The risks of fighting poverty too well | csmonitor.com
Four of five op-eds by Mark Lange about ending poverty among the last billion
poverty  development-assistance  CSMonitor 
march 2008 by pierredv
What it takes to open a door for the poor | csmonitor.com
Third of five op-eds by Mark Lange about ending poverty among the last billion
poverty  development-assistance  CSMonitor 
march 2008 by pierredv
Why so much aid for the poor has made so little difference | csmonitor.com
Second of five op-eds by Mark Lange about ending poverty among the last billion
poverty  development-assistance  CSMonitor 
march 2008 by pierredv
A first step for the global poor – shatter six myths | csmonitor.com
First of five op-eds by Mark Lange about ending poverty among the last billion
poverty  development-assistance  CSMonitor 
march 2008 by pierredv
The Myth That Poverty Breeds Terrorism -- BW Online | June 10, 2002
Oped by Robert Barro: "A new study shows that terrorists are better-educated and better off than many of their countrymen" Refers to recent Princeton University study by Krueger and Maleckova
economics  development-assistance  poverty  via:bw 
march 2008 by pierredv
SSRN-Does Digital Divide or Provide? The Impact of Cell Phones on Grain Markets in Niger by Jenny Aker
link via Harrison Morrison "reduce grain price dispersion across markets by a minimum of 6.4 percent and reduce intra-annual price variation by 10 percent. . . . The primary mechanism [is] a reduction in search costs"
telephony  economics  commerce  development-assistance 
march 2008 by pierredv
CGAP: Regulating Transformational Branchless Banking: Mobile Phones and Other Technology to Increase Access to Finance
usual policy challenge, but here in finance, not telecom: "how to formulate proportionate regulatory policy that gives space for innovation and permits branchless banking to scale up safely"
policy  development-assistance  finance  filetype:pdf  media:document 
february 2008 by pierredv
Gapminder
Making sense of the world by having fun with statistics!
statistics  development  society  visualization  development-assistance 
april 2006 by pierredv

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