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Most Americans are hourly workers - CBS News, Feb 2017
Source: a new study on America’s hourly workforce by LinkedIn and Snagajob - https://www.snagajob.com/employer/erc/article/snagajob-linkedin-research-hourly-workforce/

According to the latest Labor Department data, more than 78 million Americans -- or nearly 59 percent of the U.S. workforce -- are now paid on an hourly basis.

While hourly jobs tend to pay less and offer fewer benefits than salaried positions, some of them, not surprisingly, are better than others in terms of issues that resonate with workers -- from hiring speed to pay to career advancement opportunities.

More than 70 percent of hourly workers are under 30 years old, according to the report. Yet plenty of older workers hold hourly jobs, and many of them have more than a high school education. An estimated 8 percent of hourly workers are in their 40s, and another 8 percent are in their 50s and 60s. Nearly half of hourly workers over the age of 30 have some post-secondary education. In fact,15 percent have bachelor’s and master’s degrees.
US  employment  work  CBSNews  education 
5 weeks ago by pierredv
How patents can tell us what jobs AI is poised to disrupt - Brookings, Jan 2020
"... our Stanford University colleague Michael Webb cuts through many of the subjective claims and assessments. Webb’s method finds the overlap between common job descriptions and new AI-based patents to detail in precise, objective terms what AI can or may soon be capable of in the workplace."
Brookings  AI  patents  employment  jobs 
11 weeks ago by pierredv
Robert Shiller on Infectious Narratives in Economics: Excerpt - Bloomberg, Oct 2019
"Stories matter. That, in a nugget, is the central premise of Robert Shiller’s book Narrative Economics: How Stories Go Viral & Drive Major Economic Events. The economist and Nobel laureate cites Bitcoin, the Laffer curve, and the gold standard as examples of narratives that became infectious, spread by word of mouth, popular media, and more recently the internet."
Bloomberg  economics  automation  employment 
january 2020 by pierredv
Robots on Wall Street: The Impact of AI on Capital Markets and Jobs in the Financial Services Industry. | Financial Services Committee
Robots on Wall Street: The Impact of AI on Capital Markets and Jobs in the Financial Services Industry.

Witness List

Dr. Charlton McIlwain,Vice Provost for Faculty Engagement and Development and
Professor of Media, Culture, and Communication at NYU

Dr. Marcos Lopez de Prado, Professor of Practice, Engineering School, Cornell University
and Chief Investment Officer, True Positive Technologies

Ms. Rebecca Fender, CFA, Senior Director, Future of Finance, Chartered Financial Analyst
Institute

Ms. Kirsten Wegner, Chief Executive Officer, Modern Markets Initiative

Ms. Martina Rejsjö, Head of Nasdaq Market Surveillance, Nasdaq Stock Market
Congress  hearings  automation  AI  employment  finance 
january 2020 by pierredv
ERIC - ED236408 - The Impact of Robotics on Employment. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Economic Goals and Intergovernmental Policy of the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, Ninety-Eighth Congress. First Session., 1983-Mar-18
This document is a transcript of a fact-finding hearing conducted to evaluate the prospective impact of robotics (the use of sophisticated programmable or computer-controlled robots to perform routine and repetitious tasks) on employment in this country. Testimony and prepared reports were given by John Andelin, assistant director of Science, Information, and Natural Resources, Office of Technology Assessment, and by Robert U. Ayres, professor of engineering and public policy, Carnegie-Mellon University. Mr. Andelin's testimony stressed four points: first, robots are but one component of a larger programmable automation phenomenon; second, specific employment impacts are hard to predict, and he lacks confidence in those predictions currently publicized; third, changes in the number of jobs are only one of the consequences of increasing use of programmable automation, another important one being changes in the quality of jobs; fourth, and finally, while new instructional programs for persons who may use or produce programmable automation are emerging from several sources, curriculum development, change, and delivery are not proceeding in a coordinated fashion. Mr. Ayers said that, to date, about 5,000 robots are being used in U.S. industry and that their use has caused little displacement of workers so far. However, it is important to consider the potential for future job displacement by robots in industry over the next several decades. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that displaced workers are likely to be concentrated in regions of the country that are already depressed, are unable to move because of difficulty in selling their homes, and are likely to be middle-aged and, therefore, fearful of change. These factors could cause social problems or noncompetitiveness in the world economy if they are not addressed
ERIC  hearings  Congress  automation  robotics  employment 
january 2020 by pierredv
Congressional Forum: Will Automation Drive Job Loss? - YouTube, Mar 2017
Hosted by Ranking Member Bobby Scott
House Committee on Education & the Workforce Democrats
video  panel  automation  employment 
january 2020 by pierredv
High-Paying Finance Jobs: Robots May Wipe Out Good Roles - Bloomberg, Dec 2019
"Robots have replaced thousands of routine jobs on Wall Street. Now, they’re coming for higher-ups.

That’s the contention of Marcos Lopez de Prado, a Cornell University professor and the former head of machine learning at AQR Capital Management LLC, who testified in Washington on Friday about the impact of artificial intelligence on capital markets and jobs. The use of algorithms in electronic markets has automated the jobs of tens of thousands of execution traders worldwide, and it’s also displaced people who model prices and risk or build investment portfolios, he said."

"During the almost two-hour hearing, lawmakers asked experts about racial and gender bias in AI, competition for highly skilled technology workers, and the challenges of regulating increasingly complex, data-driven financial markets."
automation  employment  AI  finance 
january 2020 by pierredv
Automation of Jobs: The Rise, the Risks, and the Unknowns | Tech.co, Nov 2019
“If this technology is applied in the wrong way, it can be very threatening,” Atkins says. “Our main priority is to free up time for staff to do the work that they should be doing, rather than the work that has no value.”

“Shortcomings in basic skills education, among other weaknesses, will severely hamper countries in South and South-East Asia,” a report from The Economist claims. The report, which aggregated a range of metrics to produce an “automation readiness” score, points to a range of middle-income and rapidly developing economies such as Brazil, India, and South Africa as being “unable to capitalize on, and meet the challenges of automation.”

"There are fears about how high-tech automation will affect men and women differently. "
employment  automation 
january 2020 by pierredv
Amazon’s latest warehouse machine demonstrates the slow drip of automation - The Verge, May 2019
"A few jobs lost here, a few lost there; it all adds up"

"Automation is like climate change: slow-moving and hard to get your head around"
automation  TheVerge  Amazon  employment  climate-change  metaphor  * 
january 2020 by pierredv
Impact of automation on employment : Hearings before the Subcommittee on Unemployment and the Impact of Automation of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Eighty-seventh Congress, first session, General investigation into types
Impact of automation on employment : Hearings before the Subcommittee on Unemployment and the Impact of Automation of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Eighty-seventh Congress, first session, General investigation into types and causes of unemployment hearings held in Washington, D.C., March 8, 10, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29; April 12, 17, 18, and 25, 1961.
Congress  House  hearings  employment  automation 
december 2019 by pierredv
Most people would rather lose their job to a robot than another human | New Scientist Aug 2019
"They asked 300 people to judge whether they would prefer an existing member of staff to be replaced by a robot or a human. In that case, 62 per cent of people said they preferred to have a human step in. But when they were asked to shift their perspective and imagine losing their own job, 37 per cent preferred being replaced by a human rather than a robot. "
automation  psychology  work  robots  employment  NewScientist 
december 2019 by pierredv
Electric Vehicles Not Robots Are The The Focus of Autoworkers’ Negotiations With Ford And GM, forbes, Nov 2019
"Job losses connected with robots has been a bone of contention in the Presidential debates. But for autoworkers negotiating with Ford and General Motors, automation was low down on the list of issues."

"In 1972, Lordstown employees rebelled, guerilla-style, against GM’s move, experimental at the time, to put a premium on automation while deemphasizing workers."
Forbes  employment  automation  UAW  Ford  GM 
november 2019 by pierredv
Why American Workers Need to Be Protected From Automation | WIRED Sep 2019
Opinion: As President, I would issue a robot tax for corporations displacing humans, and create a federal agency to oversee automation
automation  employment  politics  Wired 
october 2019 by pierredv
The Case for a $15 Minimum Wage Is Far From Settled - Bloomberg, May 2019
Via AEI newsletter, May 2019

underlined for me (in the light of the papers I’m reading at the moment about different kinds of science, explanations, and narrative) that economics is a historical science: it can explain what happened, but it can’t make predictions

"Economist Jeffrey Clemens argues, however, in a recent policy paper published by the Cato Institute, that a good deal of this support [for a $15/hour minimum wage] is predicated on an incomplete reading of the academic literature."

"Clemens correctly acknowledges a recent string of important papers — including several co-authored by the economist Arindrajit Dube — that found little evidence that minimum-wage increases reduce employment. But he argues that many other important papers written in the past few years get short shrift by journalists, opinion leaders and policy makers."
Bloomberg  AEI  economics  employment 
may 2019 by pierredv
China's JD.com Boss Criticizes 'Slackers' as Company Makes Cuts | Top News | US News Apr 2019
" Richard Liu, the founder of Chinese e-commerce giant JD.com Inc, has weighed in on an ongoing debate about the Chinese tech industry's grueling overtime work culture, lamenting that years of growth had increased the number of "slackers" in his firm who are not his "brothers.""
China  employment  culture 
april 2019 by pierredv
Amazon lists more than 70 jobs for Project Kuiper satellite operation – GeekWire
"Boy, that escalated quickly: Just hours after GeekWire revealed that Amazon is planning a 3,236-satellite constellation to provide global broadband access, code-named Project Kuiper, the company posted scores of job openings for the new space venture."

"Meanwhile, the Secure World Foundation’s Brian Weeden voiced concern over Project Kuiper’s potential impact on orbital debris."
Virtually all of the 73 Kuiper-related jobs listed on Amazon’s website are in Bellevue, Wash. One exception is a Seattle opening for a senior corporate counsel specializing in international trade and export control.

The timing is notable given Amazon’s decision to relocate its worldwide operations team from Seattle to Bellevue — a decision that seems to signal that the tech giant is cooling on its hometown.
GeekWire  space  Amazon  satellite  Seattle  Bellevue  employment  space-debris  orbital-debris 
april 2019 by pierredv
Tech Is Splitting the U.S. Work Force in Two - The New York Times, Feb 2019
"Despite all its shiny new high-tech businesses, the vast majority of new jobs are in workaday service industries, like health care, hospitality, retail and building services, where pay is mediocre."

"But automation is changing the nature of work, flushing workers without a college degree out of productive industries, like manufacturing and high-tech services, and into tasks with meager wages and no prospect for advancement. Automation is splitting the American labor force into two worlds. "

"Recent research has concluded that robots are reducing the demand for workers and weighing down wages, which have been rising more slowly than the productivity of workers. Some economists have concluded that the use of robots explains the decline in the share of national income going into workers’ paychecks over the last three decades."

"In a new study, David Autor of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Anna Salomons of Utrecht University found that over the last 40 years, jobs have fallen in every single industry that introduced technologies to enhance productivity. "
automation  technology  economics  NYTimes  employment  AI 
february 2019 by pierredv
9 Out of 10 People Are Willing to Earn Less Money to Do More-Meaningful Work - HBR, Nov 2018
"More than forty years later, myriad studies have substantiated the claim that American workers expect something deeper than a paycheck in return for their labors. Current compensation levels show only a marginal relationship with job satisfaction. By contrast, since 2005, the importance of meaningfulness in driving job selection has grown steadily. “Meaning is the new money, an HBR article argued in 2011. Why, then, haven’t more organizations taken concrete actions to focus their cultures on the creation of meaning?"

"Our Meaning and Purpose at Work report, released today, surveyed the experience of workplace meaning among 2,285 American professionals, across 26 industries and a range of pay levels, company sizes, and demographics."

"More than 9 out of 10 employees, we found, are willing to trade a percentage of their lifetime earnings for greater meaning at work."

"On average, our pool of American workers said they’d be willing to forego 23% of their entire future lifetime earnings in order to have a job that was always meaningful."

"Employees with very meaningful work, we found, spend one additional hour per week working, and take two fewer days of paid leave per year."
HBR  work  employment 
november 2018 by pierredv
Labor Day: Where does it come from? - CSMonitor.com
Labor Day dates back to 1882, when New York labor unions established a September parade. The first participants were heckled, but within 12 years, they'd won a national holiday.
CSMonitor  history  employment  holidays  labor 
september 2018 by pierredv
The rise of 'pseudo-AI': how tech firms quietly use humans to do bots' work | Technology | The Guardian
"It’s hard to build a service powered by artificial intelligence. So hard, in fact, that some startups have worked out it’s cheaper and easier to get humans to behave like robots than it is to get machines to behave like humans.""In 2016, Bloomberg highlighted the plight of the humans spending 12 hours a day pretending to be chatbots for calendar scheduling services such as X.ai and Clara. The job was so mind-numbing that human employees said they were looking forward to being replaced by bots. "
TheGuardian  AI  employment  start-ups  technology  business 
july 2018 by pierredv
Artificial Intelligence and its Implications for Income Distribution and Unemployment – Economic and Policy Implications of AI, Blog Post #3 | The Technology Policy Institute
"The following is a summary of Artificial Intelligence and its Implications for Income Distribution and Unemployment by Antonin Korinek and Joseph E. Stiglitz. This paper was presented at the Technology Policy Institute Conference on The Economics and Policy Implications of Artificial Intelligence, February 22, 2018."

"In Artificial Intelligence and its Implications for Income Distribution and Unemployment, Anton Korinek and Joseph E. Stiglitz focus on a key economic challenge associated with increased use of AI: its effects on income distribution in the context of the future of work. They discuss four cases in which AI innovations are more likely to be substitutes rather than complements for human labor under varying market conditions, and the potential for Pareto improvement[1] in the economic outcomes of both workers and innovators."

"They note only two market and societal contexts in which AI innovation might result in Pareto improvement, though only one is realistically possible. Though they call for policies that would support a move toward Pareto improvement – specifically to ensure redistributing income or subsidizing workers’ wages – the authors close by acknowledging the long and complex road ahead. "
TPI  AI  employment  economics 
june 2018 by pierredv
Millennials in the gig economy | Deloitte Insights May 2018
From LinkedIn: "A new study of millennials in the workplace shows that the generational cohort's loyalty to employers is deteriorating. The research, conducted by Deloitte, found that while money can attract talented millennials, it doesn't necessarily retain them. Factors like workplace diversity and flexible working arrangements are cited as ways to keep these workers loyal. The findings also suggest that millennial views of employers' ethics and motivations are eroding, with just under half believing that businesses behave ethically, a drop from 62% in 2017."
Deloitte  demographics  trends  employment 
may 2018 by pierredv
10 AI Startups Coming for White-Collar Jobs - Nanalyze
"CB Insights recently put together a list of categories where AI is coming after white-collar jobs"

"Founded in 2014, Israel-based LawGeex uses artificial intelligence to review contracts."
Nanalyze  start-ups  VC  investing  employment  automation  law 
january 2018 by pierredv
Computers that Code Themselves Using AI - Nanalyze
"Before we delve into this notion of computers that can code themselves, we need to consider that traditional coding is becoming less and less useful. Take as an example the latest flavor of Google’s AlphaGo algorithm. It was told what the rules of a game of Go looked like, and then it was told not to lose. The algorithm then created its own method of playing Go as opposed to being “trained” by watching other people play"

"The way that your brain works isn’t something that you could create using today’s best coding languages, and neither will AI. With that said, there are some startups out there that are developing technology that can write and rewrite itself. "

"Founded in 2013, Massachusetts startup Gamalon has taken in around $12 million in funding to develop a system that learns “orders of magnitude faster” and with “orders of magnitude less training data” compared to the more traditional machine learning algorithms of today."

"The fact that the computer does something so exponentially well that it renders a team of coders useless is the same net effect as a computer that can code itself. The end result is that we don’t need so many coders."
nanalyze  automation  software  AI  development-sw  employment 
november 2017 by pierredv
Automation will have a bigger impact on jobs in smaller cities | New Scientist, May 2017
"The robot takeover will start in the smaller cities. Towns and small cities have a smaller proportion of jobs that will be resilient to automation than larger urban centres, according to a new study. . . . Roughly speaking, cities with fewer than 100,000 inhabitants are more at risk."
automation  urbanism  employment  maps 
october 2017 by pierredv
Driverless cars and trucks don’t mean mass unemployment—they mean new kinds of jobs | Cathy Engelbert | Pulse | LinkedIn
"We ultimately need to help today’s workers—drivers, factory workers, and beyond—discover where demand for skills will be in five to 10 years and help them gain the necessary expertise and experience to do them well. Historically, wholesale job retraining has been challenging to scale, but the inexorable nature of this transition demands that we try to help them be productive in an even more digitized world economy. We already have a skills gap; we need to figure out how to digitize and skill those workers to match them with the demand for available jobs. There is a collective dialogue that should be engaged now so we can create meaningful, fulfilling, and productive opportunities for all."
automation  employment  LinkedIn 
august 2017 by pierredv
Unfortunately, Technology Will Not Eliminate Many Jobs | ITIF, Aug 2017
"You can trace virtually all this automation alarmism to a 2013 study by Oxford University researchers Osborne and Frey, which warns that technology will destroy 47 percent of U.S. jobs in the next 20 years. . . . ITIF conducted its own manual analysis of these occupations using a very generous assumption about how technology could eliminate jobs, and we estimated that about 8 percent of jobs were at high risk of automation, at most."
ITIF  automation  employment 
august 2017 by pierredv
Lifelong learning is becoming an economic imperative | The Economist
"Burning Glass Technologies, a Boston-based startup that analyses labour markets by scraping data from online job advertisements, finds that the biggest demand is for new combinations of skills—what its boss, Matt Sigelman, calls “hybrid jobs”. Coding skills, for example, are now being required well beyond the technology sector. In America, 49% of postings in the quartile of occupations with the highest pay are for jobs that frequently ask for coding skills (see chart)."
TheEconomist  learning  employment 
january 2017 by pierredv
Established education providers v new contenders | The Economist, Jan 2017
"Nonetheless, the MOOCs are on to something. Education, like health care, is a complex and fragmented industry, which makes it hard to gain scale. Despite those drop-out rates, the MOOCs have shown it can be done quickly and comparatively cheaply. "

"In their search for a business model, some platforms are now focusing much more squarely on employment (though others, like the Khan Academy, are not for profit). Udacity has launched a series of nanodegrees in tech-focused courses that range from the basic to the cutting-edge. It has done so, moreover, in partnership with employers. A course on Android was developed with Google . . ."

"Coursera’s content comes largely from universities, not specialist instructors; its range is much broader; and it is offering full degrees (one in computer science, the other an MBA) as well as shorter courses. But it, too, has shifted its emphasis to employability. "

"Universities can become more modular, too. EdX has a micromasters in supply-chain management that can either be taken on its own or count towards a full masters at MIT. . . . . Enthusiasts talk of a world of “stackable credentials” in which qualifications can be fitted together like bits of Lego."
TheEconomist  MOOCs  Coursera  EdX  Udacity  education  employment 
january 2017 by pierredv
Smart machines and the future of jobs - The Boston Globe - Jeffrey Sachs Oct 2016
"Will the coming generations of smart machines deliver us leisure and well-being or joblessness and falling wages? The answer to this question is not simple. There is neither a consensus nor deep understanding of the future of jobs in an economy increasingly built on smart machines. The machines have gotten much smarter so fast that their implications for the future of work, home life, schooling, and leisure are a matter of open speculation."

"If the rich capital owners transfer some of their windfall profits to the struggling young workers, then both the old rich and the young poor would be better off with the smart machines than without them. In effect, the rich older shareholders would compensate the poor younger workers in order to offset the fall in wages."
automation  employment  Jeffrey-Sachs 
october 2016 by pierredv
Don't give up the day job: Why going to work is good for you | New Scientist - June 2016
"In a 2014 Gallup survey, 55 per cent of US workers said they got a sense of identity from their job, a figure that rises to 70 per cent for college graduates."

"In 2005, Brian Faragher, then at the University of Manchester in the UK, and his colleagues looked at 485 previous studies of the relationship between job satisfaction and health. They showed that people who were happy in their jobs were more likely to be healthy, and in particular were less likely to experience depression, anxiety or low self esteem compared with those less satisfied with their jobs. A review carried out for the UK government in 2006 showed that any stress work creates is, on balance, likely to be outweighed by the problems of not having a job."

"Brent Rosso at Montana State University has come up with a list of six attributes that make work meaningful, based on years of academic surveys. Almost any job can exhibit at least one of these attributes (see “Find your meaning“), although Rosso reckons that an individual’s culture and personality will influence which ones they find meaning in." (https://www.newscientist.com/article/2094438-find-your-meaning-at-work-6-things-a-salary-cant-buy/)

"In his 1946 book Man’s Search for Meaning, [Viktor Frankl] argued that these future lives could hold meaning, and that one way of finding it was through work. “Everyone has his own specific vocation or mission in life to carry out a concrete assignment which demands fulfillment,” he wrote."
NewScientist  work  employment  automation  stress  meaning  quotations  Viktor-Frankl  vocation 
september 2016 by pierredv
I’m afraid I can’t do that - Automtion | The Economist June 2016
"Reasons to be less afraid about the march of the machines"

"a new working paper by Melanie Arntz, Terry Gregory and Ulrich Zierahn of the Centre for European Economic Research paints a slightly brighter picture. The earlier study [by Osborne and Frey] quizzed experts on the chance that a particular occupation could be automated, and then totted up the proportion of American workers in such jobs. But the newer study suggests that this method was too blunt. Digging into more detailed data, the researchers find that many jobs involve bundles of tasks, only some of which machines can easily handle. "

"... the newer study finds that three-quarters of those jobs involve some group work or face-to-face interaction—tasks robot struggle with. Applying a similar analysis to all jobs, they find that only 9%, not 47%, are at high risk of automation."
TheEconomist  automation  employment 
june 2016 by pierredv
"It's Going to Kill Us!" and Other Myths About the Future of Artificial Intelligence | ITIF
"Critics claim AI will produce a parade of horribles, from joblessness to our eventual doom. This report debunks such myths and explains why policymakers should actively support AI innovation."
ITIF  AI  employment 
june 2016 by pierredv
Artificial intelligence could make lawyers more risk averse - New Scientist Jan 2016
"In a report published online last month, they found that AI poses less of a threat to legal jobs than some fear. But they also suggest that computers, left unchecked, can have a detrimental impact on the law."

" Levy and Remus broke down individual tasks into work likely to be strongly, moderately, or lightly affected by AI: document review, for example, is easy to automate, but it is hard to do the same with negotiation or legal writing. They concluded that only about 13 per cent of legal work will be taken over by computers within the next five years (doi.org/bb28)."

"This approach might be more efficient, but it could slow the evolution of the law, the pair warn. Take the predictions too seriously, too often, and lawyers could be more reluctant to take on cases with the potential to break new ground, making it less likely that landmark judgements will be passed.

By the same token, if AI spots a pattern of discrimination – say, that women are more likely to lose in certain types of case – it might sway lawyers’ decisions and so perpetuate the problem rather than bringing it to light."
law  automation  AI  employment 
april 2016 by pierredv
Why do we work so hard? - Ryan Avent, 1843 Magazine, April/May 2016
via John Helm
"Our jobs have become prisons from which we don’t want to escape"
TheEconomist  1843magazine  work  employment 
april 2016 by pierredv
The driverless, car-sharing road ahead - The Economist , 9 Jan 2016
"shortly before CES opened, GM announced a $500m investment in Lyft, a ride-sharing service."

"At CES Mark Fields, Ford’s CEO, said that it would in future be “both a product and mobility company”."

"Membership of car clubs, which let people book by app for periods as short as 15 minutes, is growing by over 30% a year"

"At the same time, app-based taxi services such as Uber and its Chinese counterpart Didi Dache, which are often cheaper and more efficient than conventional cabs, are also growing quickly. Once these are able to dispense with drivers for their vehicles, the taxi, car-club and car-sharing businesses will in effect merge into one big, convenient and affordable alternative to owning a car."
automobile  automation  TheEconomist  taxis  app-economy  employment  transport 
march 2016 by pierredv
Why pleasing AI headhunters could help you land your perfect job - New Scientist Oct 2015
Lists companies/apps doing recruiting in new ways: LinkedIn, Connectifier, Reveal,

"Recruiters already use computers to sift through job applications – but this automation can mean they miss potential star employees. There might be a better way"

"For the past few years, the world’s biggest firms have been using AI recruitment software to filter job applications and streamline the process, and smaller businesses are increasingly interested, too.

That should make selection fairer and less open to abuse, in theory. But it can also make it harder to get a foot in the door"
NewScientist  automation  AI  employment 
march 2016 by pierredv
Welcome to the robot-based workforce: will your job become automated too? - The Guardian Mar 2016
Good inventory of apps, companies
"On Thursday, Bloomberg reported that Google is selling Boston Dynamics, the inventor of frighteningly agile robots that it acquired in 2013.

“There’s excitement from the tech press, but we’re also starting to see some negative threads about it being terrifying, ready to take humans’ jobs,” wrote one Google employee in internal emails obtained by Bloomberg."
automation  Google  theguardian  employment 
march 2016 by pierredv
'Robo-advice' approved by FCA but axes 220 jobs at RBS - BBC News March 2016
See also http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2016-03/14/rbs-robo-advisers-financial-advice

"So-called "robo-advice" has resulted in hundreds of job cuts at Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), just as the regulator gave its blessing to the technology.
RBS is cutting the jobs of 220 face-to-face advisers, as it switches customers to an automated online service."
automation  finance  employment  UK  BBC 
march 2016 by pierredv
Technology may disrupt occupations, but it won’t kill jobs : Monthly Labor Review: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
"Predicting the structure of the labor market and U.S. economy in 2040 is a daunting task. But there is at least one thing we should be confident about: the unemployment and labor force participation rates then should be quite similar to the rates of today."

Argument seems to be that technology has always come through:
"In short, there has long been a national worry about technology-driven unemployment and that fear seems to spike either in recessions or in periods of particularly robust innovation. But to date that fear has always been misplaced."
ITIF  automation  employment 
march 2016 by pierredv
UBS white paper on the Fourth Industrial Revolution -- Davos 2016 | UBS Global topics
"The global economy is on the cusp of profound changes that are comparable in magnitude to the advent of the first industrial revolution, the development of assembly line production, or the invention of the micro-chip. Technological advances are permitting ever greater levels of automation. Meanwhile, the near universal ownership of smart devices in many parts of the world is leading to a degree of interconnectedness that was previously unimaginable. These developments, which we believe are part of a technology-driven Fourth Industrial Revolution, have significant implications for investors, the global economy and the relative competitiveness of developed and emerging nations."
UBS  WEF  automation  Davos  employment 
february 2016 by pierredv
Forrester Research : Marketing : Robots Will Not Steal All Our Jobs
Report, August 2015: The Future Of Jobs, 2025: Working Side By Side With Robots Automation Won't Destroy All The Jobs, But It Will Transform The Workforce — Including Yours
Forrester  research  automation  employment 
february 2016 by pierredv
How builder bots are taking construction work out of human hands - New Scientist 11 Jan 2016
“We’re trying to automate the tasks that excavators are doing,” says [Daniel Schmidt, who heads up THOR, or the Terraforming Heavy Outdoor Robot project, at the University of Kaiserslautern]. "In Victor, New York, a company called Construction Robotics offers a semi-automated masonry machine, nicknamed SAM, that can lay bricks three times as fast as a human, and has contributed to buildings in New York and Washington DC." "... a 2300-square-metre wooden roof over a building on the university campus. . . is being made off-site by a wood-wielding robot that grips, trims, positions and nails thousands of timber slats into a layered pattern (see photo) – although the pieces will be assembled on-site by people." "A report, published by Forrester Research in October, estimated that automation will eliminate 16 per cent of all jobs in construction and extraction by 2025."
NewScientist  automation  employment  construction  AI  Brookings 
february 2016 by pierredv
Call centres - The end of the line. Economist Feb 2016
“New technologies are poised to abolish many call-centre jobs and transform others. At best, jobs will be created more slowly in the Philippines and India; ... There might never be another Manila.” “Much of the call-handling and data-processing work sent overseas is basic and repetitive... Such routine tasks can often be done better by a machine. Blue Prism makes software “robots” that carry out such repetitive tasks just as a person would do them, without requiring a change to underlying IT systems—but much faster and more cheaply.” “Increasingly, Western companies prod customers to get in touch via e-mail or online chat. Software robots can often handle these inquiries. The cleverest systems, …, refer the most complex questions to human operators and learn from the responses. The longer they run, the better they get.” "So automation might mean fewer jobs, or at least less growth, in India and the Philippines, but more jobs in America and Europe."
employment  automation  call-centers  TheEconomist  AI 
february 2016 by pierredv
The Future of Jobs - Reports - World Economic Forum 2016
"The Fourth Industrial Revolution is interacting with other socio-economic and demographic factors to create a perfect storm of business model change in all industries, resulting in major disruptions to labour markets. New categories of jobs will emerge, partly or wholly displacing others. The skill sets required in both old and new occupations will change in most industries and transform how and where people work. It may also affect female and male workers differently and transform the dynamics of the industry gender gap. The Future of Jobs Report aims to unpack and provide specific information on the relative magnitude of these trends by industry and geography, and on the expected time horizon for their impact to be felt on job functions, employment levels and skills"
WEF  employment 
february 2016 by pierredv
Report: Robots, other advances will cost humans 5.1 million jobs by 2020 | Ars Technica Jan 2016
Report on "The Future of Jobs" report by WEF http://reports.weforum.org/future-of-jobs-2016/ "advances in robotics, artificial intelligence, 3D printing, and other modern technologies are currently likely to lead to a net loss of 5.1 million jobs worldwide by the year 2020" "Anybody looking for more analysis on those subjects may be interested in Alec Ross's late-2015 book The Industries of the Future, which offers some interesting analysis on the ways robots may soon newly interact with typically human labor."
automation  employment  ArsTechnica 
february 2016 by pierredv
ChemChina-Syngenta: Why This Round Of Ag-Chem Industry Consolidation Worries Me
via Phil Weiser "I am concerned that we may be on the verge of a major loss of knowledge and experience in the agricultural sector" due to layoffs as a result of mergers
resilience  agriculture  science  employment  antitrust 
february 2016 by pierredv
The Future of Employment, Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael Osborne - Oxford Martin School 2013
"The authors examine how susceptible jobs are to computerisation, by implementing a novel methodology to estimate the probability of computerisation for 702 detailed occupations, using a Gaussian process classifier. Based on these estimates, they examine expected impacts of future computerisation on US labour market outcomes, with the primary objective of analysing the number of jobs at risk and the relationship between an occupation’s probability of computerisation, wages and educational attainment. According to their estimates, about 47 per cent of total US employment is at risk. They further provide evidence that wages and educational attainment exhibit a strong negative relationship with an occupation’s probability of computerisation."
employment  trends  AI  automation 
february 2016 by pierredv
Blockchain startups promises a world where no one is in charge - New Scientist 12 Sep 2015
"The decentralised technology behind bitcoin is creeping out into the real world. The possibilities could change the way society is run" Mentions of various startups: Ethereum, Augur, Etherplan, “Historically we’ve automated the workers, now we’re automating the bosses.” -- Stephan Tual of Ethereum "We’re building up this infrastructure where our core concerns are more and more irrelevant because they cannot be captured by software." --- Florian Glatz, a lawyer and consultant to blockchain start-ups
bitcoin  law  work  employment  commerce  Ethereum  quotations 
november 2015 by pierredv
AI interns: Software already taking jobs from humans - life - 31 March 2015 - New Scientist
Places where workers have been replaced by software:
= UK telecoms firm O2 has replaced 150 cusstomer service workers with a single piece of software, developed by Blue Prism
= Canadian start-up ROSS started using IBM's Watson supercomputer to automate a whole chunk of the legal research normally carried out by entry-level paralegals
= Nuance's language-focused AIs can now understand the typed case notes of doctors and nurses, and figure out which insurance billing code is a match.

"Where Blue Prism learns and adapts to the various software interfaces designed for humans working within large corporations, ROSS learns and adapts to the legal language that human lawyers use in courts and firms." "The potential problem with new kinds of automation like Blue Prism and ROSS is that they are starting to perform the kinds of jobs which can be the first rung on the corporate ladders, which could result in deepening inequality."
automation  inequality  NewScientist  AI  work  employment  unemployment 
june 2015 by pierredv
The Key to a Good-Paying Job Is…Microsoft Excel? - At Work - WSJ
"The report focuses on middle-skill jobs – roles that require a high school diploma but not necessarily a college degree. Some 78% of these jobs, or about 6.3 million open positions, call for some fluency with technology, Burning Glass found. Those positions are also the most promising in terms of pay and job creation, including occupations in healthcare, technology, and operations. The most commonly required skills are also the most basic ones: spreadsheet and word-processing software such as Microsoft Corp.’s Excel and Word, or the software from SAP SE and Oracle Corp., which large companies use to manage things like finances and human resources. ... Such expertise has become critical for office and administrative positions, retail supervisors, and store managers, among others. Sixty-seven percent of middle-skill jobs demand proficiency with these tools. “Effectively, entire segments of the U.S. economy are off-limits to people who don’t have basic digital skills,” the report no"
WSJ  employment  skills 
march 2015 by pierredv
Working hours: Get a life | The Economist Sep 2013
"For the countries for which data are available the vast majority of people work fewer hours than they did in 1990. And it seems that more productive—and, consequently, better-paid—workers put in less time at the office. The Greeks are some of the most hardworking in the OECD, putting in over 2,000 hours a year on average. Germans, on the other hand, are comparative slackers, working about 1,400 hours each year. But German productivity is about 70% higher."
employment  Greece  OECD  TheEconomist  Germany  productivity 
november 2013 by pierredv
Health Care Reform Toolkit | Aflac
"HCR Communication Toolkit. Helpful videos can be used to educate your employees about health care reform, and communication tools can be customized with your logo. Employers subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act are required to educate their workers about the Health Insurance Marketplace and subsidies by October 1st (as well as upon employment for all new employees). These resources can help you fulfill the requirement and educate your workers about changes to their health insurance options."
employment  Affordable  Care  Act  Aflac  healthcare 
october 2013 by pierredv
The STEM Crisis Is a Myth - IEEE Spectrum, Robert Charette, Aug 2013
"Forget the dire predictions of a looming shortfall of scientists, technologists, engineers, and mathematicians"
employment  STEM  IEEE-Spectrum  ** 
september 2013 by pierredv
Big Law Firms in Trouble: When the Money Dries Up | New Republic Jul 2013
"“Stable” is not the way anyone would describe a legal career today. In the past decade, twelve major firms with more than 1,000 partners between them have collapsed entirely. The surviving lawyers live in fear of suffering a similar fate, driving them to ever-more humiliating lengths to edge out rivals for business."
compensation  law  employment  businessmodels  crisis  commerce 
july 2013 by pierredv
How Etsy Attracted 500 Percent More Female Engineers ⚙ Co.Labs ⚙ code + community
"So instead of shopping for senior engineering talent to poach, the company risked an investment in training junior women with an eye toward hiring them. When the company changed its focus, it grew from just four female engineers to 20 in a single year, 2012."
employment  gender  feminism  engineering 
march 2013 by pierredv
The Jobs With The Biggest (And Smallest) Pay Gaps Between Men And Women : Planet Money : NPR
"Women are paid significantly less, on average, than men — even when they're doing the same jobs. But the gap varies dramatically for workers in different jobs."
employment  npr  pay  gender  women 
february 2013 by pierredv
The data shows: Top H-1B users are offshore outsourcers - Computerworld
"The largest single users of H-1B visas are offshore outsourcers, many of which are based in India, or, if U.S. based, have most employees located overseas, according to government data obtained and analyzed by Computerworld."
employment  immigration  visa  x:computerworld 
february 2013 by pierredv
Stop Using These 16 Terms to Describe Yourself | LinkedIn
"Do you describe yourself differently – on your website, promotional materials, or especially on social media – than you do in person? Do you use cheesy clichés and overblown superlatives and breathless adjectives?

Do you write things about yourself you would never have the nerve to actually say?

Here are some words that are great when other people use them to describe you – but you should never use to describe yourself:"
employment  words  rhetoric  x:LinkedIn 
january 2013 by pierredv
The silver-collar economy - CSMonitor.com
page 2 of longer story: "Since January 2010, job seekers age 55 and up have accounted for 70 percent of all employment gains in the US. Viewed over the past decade, the pattern is even more stark. That older group has added some 10 million employees to its ranks, even as employment among other age groups has actually declined by more than 4 million."
CSMonitor  ageing  employment 
september 2012 by pierredv
The Big Jobs Myth: American Workers Aren't Ready for American Jobs - Barbara Kiviat - The Atlantic
In recent months, researchers from the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, the University of California-Berkeley, and the Wharton School have expressed skepticism about the existence of a national skills mismatch. A larger body of work, stretching back decades, paints a murky picture about how broad-based a problem worker skill level is. Despite this, policymakers have fretted about the issue for 30 years, in periods of high unemployment and low. If the research is far from certain, why does the skills-mismatch narrative stay with us? And by fixating on mismatched skills, are we ignoring a far bigger problem for the economy?
skills  employment  The  Atlantic  CSMonitor  economics  politics  education 
august 2012 by pierredv
Independent Contractor (Self-Employed) or Employee? IRS tutorial
"It is critical that business owners correctly determine whether the individuals providing services are employees or independent contractors.
Generally, you must withhold income taxes, withhold and pay Social Security and Medicare taxes, and pay unemployment tax on wages paid to an employee. You do not generally have to withhold or pay any taxes on payments to independent contractors."
employment  tax  irs 
august 2012 by pierredv
Letters of Note: I like words
"When copywriter Robert Pirosh landed in Hollywood in 1934, eager to become a screenwriter, he wrote and sent the following letter to all the directors, producers, and studio executives he could think of. The approach worked, and after securing three interviews he took a job as a junior writer with MGM."
writing  employment  words  via:gmsv 
march 2012 by pierredv
5 ways to keep your rockstar employees happy — Online Collaboration
Salaries and benefits don't matter most; great managers are wheat really counts. Five items - education - regular, usable feedback ("53 percent of employees said that when their boss praises excellent performance, the feedback does not provide enough useful information to help them repeat it. And 65 percent responded that when their boss criticizes poor performance, it doesn’t provide enough useful information to help them correct the issue") - weekly 1-1's - manage grunt work - public acknowledgement
employment  motivation  gigaom 
october 2011 by pierredv
When Your Job Makes You Sick: Employees Find Little Leverage in Today's Workplace - Knowledge@Wharton
"The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index registered 47.1 in August for the category titled "work satisfaction" -- the lowest it has been since the measurement was introduced in January 2008. The number means that less than half the respondents surveyed last month answered "yes" to four questions: Are you satisfied with your job; are your natural aptitudes aligned with the job you are asked to do; does your supervisor treat you like a partner, and does he or she create an environment that is trusting and open?"
work  employment  via:JohnHelm  health 
october 2011 by pierredv
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