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pierredv : ethics   64

(78) Ethical Dilemmas in Early Buddhism? - YouTube - Doug's Secular Dharma
We'll look at ethical dilemmas and their role in western systems of ethics, then turn to Buddhism and ask whether such dilemmas play any role at all. Then we'll turn to some classic dilemmas and ask how they might be treated in an early Buddhist context.
morality  ethics  Buddhism  video  YouTube 
april 2019 by pierredv
How Tech Utopia Fostered Tyranny - The New Atlantis -Winter 2019
"Authoritarians’ love for digital technology is no fluke — it’s a product of Silicon Valley’s “smart” paternalism"

"ools based on the premise that access to information will only enlighten us and social connectivity will only make us more humane have instead fanned conspiracy theories, information bubbles, and social fracture. A tech movement spurred by visions of libertarian empowerment and progressive uplift has instead fanned a global resurgence of populism and authoritarianism."

"But what we are searching for — what we desire — is often shaped by what we are exposed to and what we believe others desire. And so predicting what is useful, however value-neutral this may sound, can shade into deciding what is useful, both to individual users and to groups, and thereby shaping what kinds of people we become, for both better and worse."

"As long as our desires are unsettled and malleable — as long as we are human — the engineering choices of Google and the rest must be as much acts of persuasion as of prediction."

"Each company was founded on a variation of the premise that providing more people with more information and better tools, and helping them connect with each other, would help them lead better, freer, richer lives."

"Moreover, because algorithms are subject to strategic manipulation and because they are attempting to provide results unique to you, the choices shaping these powerful defaults are necessarily hidden away by platforms demanding you simply trust them"

"We can see the shift from “access to tools” to algorithmic utopianism in the unheralded, inexorable replacement of the “page” by the “feed.” "

"By consuming what the algorithm says I want, I trust the algorithm to make me ever more who it thinks I already am."

"What’s shocking isn’t that technological development is a two-edged sword. It’s that the power of these technologies is paired with a stunning apathy among their creators about who might use them and how. Google employees have recently declared that helping the Pentagon with a military AI program is a bridge too far, convincing the company to cancel a $10 billion contract. But at the same time, Google, Apple, and Microsoft, committed to the ideals of open-source software and collaboration toward technological progress, have published machine-learning tools for anyone to use, including agents provocateur and revenge pornographers."

"They and their successors, based on optimistic assumptions about human nature, built machines to maximize those naturally good human desires. But, to use a line from Bruno Latour, “technology is society made durable.” That is, to extend Latour’s point, technology stabilizes in concrete form what societies already find desirable."
politics  surveillance  technology  TheNewAtlantis  Google  Facebook  AI  prediction  ethics  morality  search  trust  behavior 
april 2019 by pierredv
Letters to the Dead in Ancient Egypt - Ancient History Encyclopedia
"As Uziel points out, people with high self-control may doggedly pursue a goal even once it has stopped being personally meaningful. You might also make more effort to deliberately leave empty windows in your diary that allow greater spontaneity and indulgence (see “A lazy path to self-control”). . The gods had created a world of harmony, and all one needed to do in order to reach paradise in the next was to live a life worthy of eternity. If one made each day an exercise in creating a life one would wish to continue forever, founded on the concept of harmony and balance (which of course included consideration and kindness for one's neighbors), one could be confident of entry to paradise after death."

"Letters to the Dead date from the Old Kingdom (c. 2613 - 2181 BCE) through the Late Period of Ancient Egypt (525-332 BCE), essentially the entirety of Egyptian history. "

"Egyptologist Rosalie David notes how "requests found in the letters are varied: some sought help against dead or living enemies, particularly in family disputes; others asked for legal assistance in support of a petitioner who had to appear before the divine tribunal at the Day of Judgment; and some pleaded for special blessings or benefits" (282). The most often made requests, however, deal with fertility and birth through appeals for a healthy pregnancy and child, most often a son."

"Since the dead person retained their personal identity in the next world, one would write them using the same kinds of touches that had worked in life. If one had gotten their way through threats, then threats were used such as suggesting that, if one did not get one's wish, one would cut off offerings at the tomb. "
AncientEgypt  history  death  afterlife  letters  correspondence  Egypt  Egyptology  ethics 
april 2019 by pierredv
Opinion | The Good-Enough Life - The New York Times - Avram Alpert, Feb 2019
"The desire for greatness can be an obstacle to our own potential"

"The following essay was chosen as the winner of the Brooklyn Public Library’s 2019 Night of Philosophy Op-Ed Contest. "

It is by borrowing from D.W. Winnicott, an important figure in the development of psychoanalysis, that we get perhaps the best name for this other ethics: “the good-enough life.”


And its legacy is attested to in the poem “Famous” by Naomi Shihab Nye: “I want to be famous to shuffling men / who smile while crossing streets, / sticky children in grocery lines, / famous as the one who smiled back.”
NYTimes  opinion  advice  essays  ethics 
february 2019 by pierredv
Mind-reading devices can now access your thoughts and dreams using AI | New Scientist, Sep 2018
"We can now decode dreams and recreate images of faces people have seen, and everyone from Facebook to Elon Musk wants a piece of this mind reading reality"

"From an fMRI brain scan, Liu’s AI can say which of a selection of 15 different things a person was viewing when the scan was taken. For example, if someone was looking at a picture of a face, the AI can detect patterns in their scan that convince it to say “face”. Other options include birds, aeroplanes and people exercising, and the AI can call the correct category 50 per cent of the time."

Jack Gallant, UC Berkely: "When shown brain scans of someone watching a different YouTube video, the AI was able to generate a new movie of what it thought the person was viewing. The results are eerie outlines of the original, but still recognisable."

"Yukiyasu Kamitani at Japan’s Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute first showed in 2013 that it is possible to train an AI to detect the content of someone’s dreams, describing each in basic terms such as whether there was a male or female character, the objects included and details about the overall scene. Kamitani’s system has an accuracy of about 60 per cent."

"However, one big drawback of EEG is that there is so much unwanted noise to contend with. "

"The progress using AI with fMRI is causing people to rethink what EEG might be capable of."
NewScientist  AI  neuroscience  dreams  recognitioin  fMRI  EEG  ethics 
january 2019 by pierredv
Hume on Is and Ought | Issue 83 | Philosophy Now
"Hume’s idea seems to be that you cannot deduce moral conclusions, featuring moral words such as ‘ought’, from non-moral premises, that is premises from which the moral words are absent. The passage is summed up in the slogan ‘No-Ought-From-Is’ (or NOFI for short) and for many people it represents the take-home message of Hume’s moral philosophy. It is sometimes rather grandly referred to as Hume’s Law. But what exactly did he mean by it? Why did he think that his observation would ‘subvert all the vulgar systems of morality’? Is NOFI (or something like it) true? And what are the philosophical consequences?"
philosophy  morality  ethics 
november 2018 by pierredv
Self-driving car dilemmas reveal that moral choices are not universal - Nature, Oct 2018
"The largest ever survey of machine ethics1, published today in Nature, finds that many of the moral principles that guide a driver’s decisions vary by country. For example, in a scenario in which some combination of pedestrians and passengers will die in a collision, people from relatively prosperous countries with strong institutions were less likely to spare a pedestrian who stepped into traffic illegally."
NatureJournal  ethics  AI  morality  automobile 
october 2018 by pierredv
The inequality delusion: Why we've got the wealth gap all wrong | New Scientist, 31 Mar 2018; Mark Sheskin
"There are staggering levels of inequality in the world, and wide agreement that these should be reduced. But we should aspire to fair inequality, not unfair equality."
cognition  culture  NewScientist  equality  fairness  economics  morality  ethics 
june 2018 by pierredv
Definition of Authorship - IEEE Author Center
IEEE considers individuals who meet all of the following criteria to be authors:

1. Made a significant intellectual contribution to the theoretical development, system or experimental design, prototype development, and/or the analysis and interpretation of data associated with the work contained in the article;

2. Contributed to drafting the article or reviewing and/or revising it for intellectual content;

3. Approved the final version of the article as accepted for publication, including references.
IEEE  writing  academia  ethics 
may 2018 by pierredv
Is Your Big Data Project a “Weapon of Math Destruction”? - IEEE Spectrum - Oct 2016
"But amid all the excitement, we’re beginning to see hints that our nice, tidy algorithms and predictive models might be prone to the same shortcomings that the humans who create them are. Take, for example, the revelation that Google disproportionately served ads for high-paying jobs to men rather than women. And there’s the troubling recent discovery that a criminal risk assessment score disproportionately flagged many African Americans as higher risk, sometimes resulting in longer prison sentences."

"One of the things that makes big data so attractive is the assumption that it’s eliminating human subjectivity and bias. After all, you’re basing everything on hard numbers from the real world, right? Wrong. Predictive models and algorithms, says author Cathy O’Neil, are really just “opinions embedded in math.” "
AI  algorithms  morality  ethics  values  books  interviews 
october 2016 by pierredv
People Want Driverless Cars with Utilitarian Ethics, Unless They're a Passenger - IEEE Spectrum June 2016
"At some point in the nearer-than-might-be-comfortable future, an autonomous vehicle (AV) will find itself in a situation where something has gone wrong, and it has two options: either it can make a maneuver that will keep its passenger safe while putting a pedestrian at risk, or it can make a different maneuver that will keep the pedestrian safe while putting its passenger at risk. What an AV does in situations like these will depend on how it’s been programmed: in other words, what ethical choice its software tells it to make."
"When confronted with situations where enforcing individual behavior leads to a better global outcome, it’s often necessary for regulators to get involved. The researchers offer vaccines as an example: nobody really wants to get stuck with a needle, but if everybody does it, we’re all better off. In the context of driverless cars, this means that given the option, most people would choose to ride in or buy an AV that prioritizes their own personal safety above the safety of others, and consequently, car companies will be incentivized to sell cars programmed this way, which is why regulation might be necessary to achieve utilitarian ethics. "
IEEE-Spectrum  automation  ethics  morality  utilitarianism  driverless-cars  transportation  autonomous-vehicle  regulation 
july 2016 by pierredv
Can You Program Ethics Into a Self-Driving Car? - IEEE Spectrum
"Today no court ever asks why a driver does anything in particular in the critical moments before a crash. The question is moot as to liability—the driver panicked, he wasn’t thinking, he acted on instinct. But when robots are doing the driving, “Why?” becomes a valid question. Human ethical standards, imperfectly codified in law, make all kinds of assumptions that engineers have not yet dared to make. The most important such assumption is that a person of good judgment will know when to disregard the letter of the law in order to honor the spirit of the law. What engineers must now do is teach the elements of good judgment to cars and other self-guided machines—that is, to robots."
"Regulators and litigators will thus be able to hold automated vehicles to superhuman safety standards and to subject them to intense scrutiny following the inevitable, if rare, crashes. Manufacturers and software developers will have to defend a car’s actions in ways unimaginable to today’s human drivers."
IEEE-Spectrum  law  liability  automation  self-driving-car  ethics 
june 2016 by pierredv
Ethereum Developer Explores the Dark Side of Bitcoin-Inspired Technology - IEEE Spectrum
"Ethereum is one of the projects bringing this technology to the masses. It provides a user-friendly platform for deploying software onto a blockchain network. Vlad Zamfir has been working on refining the protocols that will ensure that the Ethereum network can be scaled up. Most of the people developing similar systems speak with unqualified exhilaration about blockchain technology’s disruptive ­potential: They tout censor-proof social media tools, automated microlending apps, and government-independent identity verification, to name just a few examples. But, in his moments of greatest doubt, Zamfir finds the resulting loss of societal control terrifying. He spoke with IEEE Spectrum about the darker potential of public blockchains, what can be done to keep the technology an engine for social good, and why he still thinks the benefits outweigh the risks."
IEEE-Spectrum  Ethereum  blockchain  institutions  Vlad-Zamfir  bitcoin  ethics  morality 
june 2016 by pierredv
Can software suffer? Death and pain in digital brains - New Scientist 12 Sep 2015
"One day we will create virtual minds. Could they feel pain, asks Anders Sandberg of the Future of Humanity Institute"
NewScientist  consciousness  ethics  emulation  software 
january 2016 by pierredv
Morality is rooted in the way societies get their energy - opinion - 20 April 2015 - Control - New Scientist
foraging values: a fair world is where everyone is treated more or less the same, Gini 0.25 farming values: different individuals treated differently, hierarchy is fair, Gini 0.48 fossil-fuel values: political, economic and gender inequalities are bad, Gini 0.26 - function of how much energy consumed per person
NewScientist  morality  ethics  evolution  foraging  farming  Gini-coefficient  values  Ian-Morris 
june 2015 by pierredv
China rates its own citizens - including online behaviour | Buitenland | de Volkskrant
"he Chinese government is currently implementing a nationwide electronic system, called the Social Credit System, attributing to each of its 1,3 billion citizens a score for his or her behavior. The system will be based on various criteria, ranging from financial credibility and criminal record to social media behavior. From 2020 onwards each adult citizen should, besides his identity card, have such a credit code."
China  Volkskrant  surveillance  ethics 
april 2015 by pierredv
Hannah Arendt: thinking versus evil | Features | Times Higher Education - Jon Nixon Feb 2015
"Jon Nixon asks what Arendt’s work can tell us about the value of universities as places of thinking together"
essays  Hannah-Arendt  education  thought  8  morality  ethics  philosophy  * 
april 2015 by pierredv
Most violence arises from morality, not the lack of it - Opinion
"Contrary to popular perception, people are rarely violent simply because they lose control and fail to think about right and wrong. They rarely commit violence because they lack empathy and fail to see their victims as fully human. And almost no one is violent because they draw sadistic pleasure from the suffering of others. Across cultures and history, there is generally one motive for hurting or killing: people are violent because it feels like the right thing to do. They feel morally obliged to do it." "In short, most violence is morally motivated to create, conduct, protect, redress, terminate or mourn crucial relationships, according to the cultural norms of the group that people belong to." "we must reorient potential perpetrators to find non-violent ways to regulate their relationships. Moreover, we must make perpetrators know that their violent actions will violate their relationships with people they care about. "
NewScientist  opinion  violence  morality  ethics  ** 
april 2015 by pierredv
25Sep14: Multiverse me: Should I care about my other selves? New Scientist #2988
Very well written discussion of moral-philosophical implications of multiple universes, quoting Tegmark and Deutsch
NewScientist  cosmology  quantum-mechanics  philosophy  physics  religion  morality  parallel.universes  multiverse  probability  risk  *  ethics 
november 2014 by pierredv
The public and private ethics of climate change | University of Oxford Podcasts - Audio and Video Lectures
"This first lecture of a series entitled 'Climate Connections' is presented by John Broome, White's Professor of Moral Philosophy and Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. The progress of climate change places moral demands on all of us to do something about it. It makes moral demands on governments and the international community, and also on each of us as private individuals. The public and private morality of climate change derives from moral duties of two different sorts. Firstly, it derives from the general duty of beneficence to make things better. Secondly, it derives from duties of justice, and in particular from the duty not to harm other people except in specific circumstances. It turns out that the private morality of climate change is entirely governed by the duty of justice not to harm. Emitting greenhouse gas harms other people in a way that is not morally permitted, so we should not do it. Fortunately, at present we can satisfy this moral demand by offsetting our em"
WolfsonCollege  lectures  ethics  morality  climate-change  podcasts 
august 2014 by pierredv
FirstNet wants inspector general to finish ethics investigation - FierceWirelessTech Oct 2013
"The Special Review Committee investigating the board of the First Responders Network Authority (FirstNet) may be relieved of its duties with further investigation being turned over to the Commerce Department's Office of the Inspector General (OIG). During a closed session on Oct. 25, FirstNet Chairman Sam Ginn told board members he is asking the OIG to take over Phase 2 of the Special Review Committee's work. That phase of the investigation is supposed to target ethics and procurement issues."
ethics  FirstNet 
october 2013 by pierredv
Not like us: Artificial minds we can't understand - tech - 08 August 2013 - New Scientist
Quote: "There are profound ethical dilemmas," says Mayer-Schönberger. Many people have expressed concerns about privacy in an age of big data. "To be honest, I'm less worried about privacy and more worried about the abuse of probabilistic prediction," he says.
probabilistic-prediction  BigData  ethics  privacy  prediction  NewScientist  AI 
october 2013 by pierredv
Penal code: The coming world of trial by algorithm - tech - 06 September 2013 - New Scientist
Excerpts: ... law enforcement agencies have begun replacing human police officers with efficient, all-seeing, algorithms. ... From traffic offences to theft, increasingly it's an algorithm watching out:.... ... The scope has now widened beyond traffic misdemeanours. Increasingly, algorithms are capable of making sense of the human behaviour on CCTV. ... Sensors in roads, buildings, cars, personal devices and more would allow rigorous enforcement of even the most minor infractions ... The fact that these algorithms are often proprietary, with decisions that can be impossible to unpick, challenges fundamental principles of the law ... algorithmic enforcement may place unanticipated pressure on the justice system, by feeding in a river of minor offences, and "false positive" identifications ... Perhaps the most profound change promised by algorithmic enforcement, though, is how it could affect our day-to-day behaviour
law  justice  automated-policing  surveillance  ethics  crime  privacy  NewScientist  prediction  predictive-policing  policing 
october 2013 by pierredv
How We Got "Please" and "Thank You" | Brain Pickings
But how did these commonest of courtesies, “please” and “thank you,” actually originate? That’s precisely what anthropologist and activist David Graeber explores in one of the most absorbing semi-asides in his altogether illuminating Debt: The First 5,000 Years
books  ethics  ex  Brain  Pickings  morality  customs  book  reviews 
july 2013 by pierredv
The Five Mindfulness Trainings - Thich Nhat Hanh
"The Five Mindfulness Trainings represent the Buddhist vision for a global spirituality and ethic. They are a concrete expression of the Buddha’s teachings on the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path, the path of right understanding and true love, leading to healing, transformation, and happiness for ourselves and for the world. To practice the Five Mindfulness Trainings is to cultivate the insight of interbeing, or Right View, which can remove all discrimination, intolerance, anger, fear, and despair. If we live according to the Five Mindfulness Trainings, we are already on the path of a bodhisattva. Knowing we are on that path, we are not lost in confusion about our life in the present or in fears about the future."
buddhism  ethics  meditation  Thich  Nhat  Hanh  mindfulness 
may 2013 by pierredv
Enhanced Reality: Exploring the Boundaries of Photo Editing - ABC News
Via Joseph Coates p. 2 of 4: "The difference between photojournalism and photography is ethics. We are good at trying out possibilities without overstepping limits." p. 4 of 4: "Ironically, the magic of Photoshop makes it possible to edit photos to look as if they had not been edited with Photoshop. Palmisano believes that in the future photographers will increasingly emphasize authenticity by using post-processing to make their images look less perfect than if they had been taken with a digital camera. The worse a spectacular photo looks, the more genuine it feels."
ethics  photojournalism  Photoshop  photography 
may 2013 by pierredv
In Defense of Favoritism - The Chronicle Review - The Chronicle of Higher Education
"We confuse our kids and ourselves about fairness. Most of the stories of children's culture pull a sleight-of-hand trick. They regularly address two worthy qualities that every child should cultivate—sharing and open-mindedness (toward people who are different). But while we all approve of the great virtues of sharing and diversity, we are informed that these are matters of fairness and equality—which, in point of fact, they are not."
via:ald  philosophy  phil  ethics  morality  bias 
november 2012 by pierredv
Jonathan Haidt: The moral roots of liberals and conservatives | Video on
"Psychologist Jonathan Haidt studies the five moral values that form the basis of our political choices, whether we're left, right or center. In this eye-opening talk, he pinpoints the moral values that liberals and conservatives tend to honor most. Jonathan Haidt studies how -- and why -- we evolved to be moral. By understanding more about our moral roots, his hope is that we can learn to be civil and open-minded. His new book is "The Righteous Mind: Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion.""
morality  ethics  video  TED  **  lectures 
october 2012 by pierredv
It is time for full disclosure of author contributions : Sebastian Frische, Nature News & Comment, Sep 2012
"Online databases could increase fairness and transparency by fully documenting the role of each contributor to a paper"
science  research  ethics  publication  NatureJournal 
september 2012 by pierredv
David Brooks: The social animal | Video on
"Tapping into the findings of his latest book, NYTimes columnist David Brooks unpacks new insights into human nature from the cognitive sciences -- insights with massive implications for economics and politics as well as our own self-knowledge. In a talk full of humor, he shows how you can't hope to understand humans as separate individuals making choices based on their conscious awareness. "
society  cognition  ethics  education  politics  TED  via:marcberejka 
september 2012 by pierredv
Galatians 5 NIV - acts of the flesh, fruit of the spirit
19 The acts of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; 20 idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions 21 and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God.

22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law. 24 Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. 25 Since we live by the Spirit, let us keep in step with the Spirit. 26 Let us not become conceited, provoking and envying each other.
ethics  bible 
september 2012 by pierredv
Economists display little interest in ethics code | Reuters July 2011
"The world's largest association of economists [the American Economic Association] is considering ethics guidelines after outrage about undisclosed conflicts of interest, but only a handful of its 18,000 members have bothered to offer any input."

"This January about 300 economists, ... signed a letter urging the AEA to adopt an ethics code. None of the members of the ethics committee, ... where among the signatories.
"The letter cited a study of 19 financial economists that found the vast majority did not reveal their private affiliations when writing academic papers on financial regulatory reform or opinion pieces in newspapers.
"It also cited a Reuters investigation of lack of disclosure of consulting gigs and directorships in congressional testimony on financial reform. See"

"...Solow said, [the committee's] first area of focus is disclosure of conflicts of interest -- though only as it relates to work published in the AEA's seven journals."
economics  ethics  research 
july 2012 by pierredv
Should Health Advocacy Groups Disclose Funding? // Pharmalot January 2011
"There is terrific scrutiny given the amount of money drugmakers pay physicians, but what about money funneled toward health advocacy organizations? The Senate Finance Committee launched a probe last year (see here), but now a new study has examined the issue through the prism of what just one drugmaker doles out."
research  funding  disclosure  ethics 
july 2012 by pierredv
Guidances > Financial Disclosure by Clinical Investigators
Guidance for Industry - Financial Disclosure by Clinical Investigators
ethics  research  transparency  disclosure  x:FDA 
july 2012 by pierredv
Justice with Michael Sandel - Online Harvard Course Exploring Justice, Equality, Democracy, and Citizenship
"What's the Right Thing To Do? Is torture ever justified? Would you steal a drug that your child needs to survive? Is it sometimes wrong to tell the truth? How much is one human life worth?Watch the videos to hear Harvard professor Michael Sandel talk about justice, equality, democracy, and citizenship. "
justice  ethics  lectures  video  x:harvard 
september 2011 by pierredv
Life's A Pitch | Help me help you help everyone
"My friends who work at record labels have the best collection of ridiculous journalists requests. “Have I fallen off your mailing list?” one writer inquired after retiring from the publication that had previously employed him. When a colleague asked a person at a less-trafficked blog if he would consider a download copy of an album for review–any type of file he needed with high-resolution cover art and the PDF of the full booklet–the blogger responded, “We still cover only the physical product at [blank], not downloads. So please be sure we get it. I don’t even open the download e-mails, so have no idea what is there.” You, yourself, don’t have a print edition, yet you need something physical? Fascinating."
bribery  music  commerce  hypocrisy  ethics 
august 2011 by pierredv
Banking cheats will always prosper - life - 23 March 2011 - New Scientist
Strap line: "Clever schemes to make bankers earn their bonuses look good on paper, but economics proves they won't work, says Mark Buchanan" Discusses work of Andrew Lo at MIT. Problem is that giving managers incentives to perform well for investors also gives them motives to cheat and expose portfolio to long-term risk, while they take the short-term gain Quote: "Those playing the system will no doubt scream about laws eroding their ability to compete. But there is no getting around the logic that secrecy creates the opportunity for deception, and that no amount of clever tuning of incentives can prevent it."
finance  ethics  NewScientist  economics 
april 2011 by pierredv
Elevate yourself to become more virtuous - life - 13 January 2011 - New Scientist
"Positioning people at elevated heights can make them more compassionate, helpful, co-operative and charitable "
Cf. dhamma seat?
psychology  ethics  compassion  neuroscience  experiment 
january 2011 by pierredv
You can't fight violence with violence - opinion Metin Başoğlu - 13 July 2010 - New Scientist
Psychology of vengeance "both humans and animals respond with anger and aggression to threats to their physical and psychological well-being and that retaliatory aggression attenuates the feelings of helplessness that arise from trauma"
ethics  psychology  war  morality  opinion  NewScientist 
august 2010 by pierredv
Brain damage skews our moral compass - life - 30 March 2010 - New Scientist
"The discovery is helping to unravel how we make moral judgements – and has implications for people's fitness to serve as jurors or judges " Moral dilemmas presented to people with damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex; responded differently to "normal" controls "Young concludes that both emotion and recognising intent in others are key to moral judgements." conclusion from Owen Jones of Vanderbilt: "They reveal regions that simply must be intact and functioning for people to make important moral and legal decisions"
NewScientist  experiment  brain-VMPFC  brain-temporparietal  ethics  neuroscience  behavior  morality 
may 2010 by pierredv
Justice: A Journey in Moral Reasoning, Michael J. Sandel
"Hundreds of students pack Harvard's Sanders Theater for Michael Sandel's "Justice" course—an introduction to moral and political philosophy. They come to hear Sandel lecture about great philosophers of the past—from Aristotle to John Stuart Mill—but also to debate contemporary issues that raise philosophical questions—about individual rights and the claims of community, equality and inequality, morality and law. "
via Deaglan Macfarlane via FB
philosophy  ethics  video  harvard  lectures 
may 2010 by pierredv
Providence Lost by Genevieve Lloyd
"To the ancient Greeks, providence was the inherent purpose and rational structure of the world. In Christian thought, it became a benign will “providing” for human well-being. And in our own ever more secular times—is providence lost? Perhaps, but as Genevieve Lloyd makes clear in this illuminating work, providence still exerts a powerful influence on our thought and in our lives; and understanding how can help us clarify the functioning—or, increasingly, disfunctioning—of concepts of freedom and autonomy that define our modernity. "
via Philosopher's Zone podcast 2009-02-28
From LLoyd's introduction
"At the heart of the book is a study of the contrasts between two rival early modern approaches to the nature of human freedom— Descartes’s account of the will as the locus of freedom, and Spinoza’s rival treatment of freedom as involving the capacity to shape a life in accordance with the recognition of necessity."
books  **  philosophy  ethics 
march 2009 by pierredv
Corporate Values & Employee Cynicism - Lewiston, Idaho
Musing on HBR article - examples of conflicting principles, eg "HP Way" and Fiorina
principles  ethics 
may 2008 by pierredv
The Assault on IEEE Ethics Support
Stephen Unger - From IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, Spring, 1999, pp. 36-40
A partisan's account of a ruckus about engineering ethics
ethics  engineering 
january 2008 by pierredv
Online studies' deceit raises ethical questions | Seattle Times Newspaper
studies that fool people into being phished. interesting results on what works. ethical questions
security  ethics 
july 2007 by pierredv
Ethics and Value Studies - NSF
has pointer to Societal Dimensions of Engineering, Science, and Technology (SDEST) program
ethics  technology 
june 2005 by pierredv
Social Contract for Biotechnology
test criteria could be fruitfully applied to DRM
ethics  technology  policy 
june 2005 by pierredv

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