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pierredv : farming   18

Organic Rice Farmers to Use Technology for Fair Prices | Oxfam in Cambodia
"This year, Oxfam launched Blockchain for Livelihood from Organic Cambodian Rice​ (BlocRice), the first pilot project in Cambodia using blockchain technology to connect a network of people in the rice supply chain to ensure farmers are better and more fairly paid."

"The goal is to promote a “smart contract”, a three-way digital contract farming agreement between organic farmers, rice exporter and buyers in the Netherlands."
Oxfam  farming  blockchain  Cambodia 
february 2019 by pierredv
Cold comfort farms - Farming in Africa - 2013
"Yet Africa’s huge potential clashes with a brutal reality documented in a new report from the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), a think-tank with headquarters in Kenya. Take the cost of fertiliser, for instance. Farmers in America pay a price on delivery of $226 per tonne. But in Zambia the price is $414. Shipping costs explain only a small part of the difference. The rest is accounted for by port duties, bribes, storage fees, fuel costs, the importer’s mark-up and the credit charges racked up as the fertiliser makes its tortuous journey from port to farm."
farming  agriculture  TheEconomist  Africa 
february 2019 by pierredv
Morality is rooted in the way societies get their energy - opinion - 20 April 2015 - Control - New Scientist
foraging values: a fair world is where everyone is treated more or less the same, Gini 0.25 farming values: different individuals treated differently, hierarchy is fair, Gini 0.48 fossil-fuel values: political, economic and gender inequalities are bad, Gini 0.26 - function of how much energy consumed per person
NewScientist  morality  ethics  evolution  foraging  farming  Gini-coefficient  values  Ian-Morris 
june 2015 by pierredv
'Extreme Makeover' with chicken coops and compost: Welcome to Kenyan reality TV -
"With 11 million viewers, a reality TV show in East Africa is helping build prosperity by offering small farmers advice." "In the US, reality TV is replete with spoiled teenagers, extreme eating challenges, and arguing roommates. Here in Kenya, though, an innovative show is putting aside ratings-grabbing petty squabbling and trying to do good: helping small farmers back from the brink of poverty. Now in its fourth season, the show, "Shamba Shape Up,” has become hugely popular in East Africa. Think “Extreme Makeover: Home Edition” – but with chicken coops and composting."
farming  Africa  Kenya  CSMonitor 
january 2014 by pierredv
Archaeologists Uncover Clues to Why Vikings Abandoned Greenland - SPIEGEL ONLINE
"For years, researchers have puzzled over why Viking descendents abandoned Greenland in the late 15th century. But archaeologists now believe that economic and identity issues, rather than starvation and disease, drove them back to their ancestral homes."
history  Greenland  Scandinavia  climate  change  farming  hunting 
january 2013 by pierredv
Farmerbots: a new industrial revolution - tech - 01 November 2012 - New Scientist
"On the new model farms, precision will be key. Why dose a whole field with chemicals if you can spray only where they are needed? Each plant could get exactly the right amount of everything, no more or less, an approach that could slash chemical use and improve yields in one move." "Almost inevitably, these machines will eventually alter the landscape, too. The real tipping point for robot agriculture will come when farms are being designed with agribots in mind, says Sukkarieh. This could mean a return to smaller fields, with crops planted in grids rather than rows and fruit trees pruned into two-dimensional shapes to make harvesting easier."
food  agriculture  AI  robot  robotics  NewScientist  farming 
november 2012 by pierredv
Saving US grasslands: a bid to turn back the clock on desertification -
"As grasslands diminish on prairies and savannas around the world, an innovative ranching technique that reverses the environmental damage of desertification makes its way to the US." "moving his cattle around the land in a way that mimics the movement of buffalo centuries before. The idea is called Holistic Management"
farming  agriculture  csmonitor  environment  ecology 
november 2011 by pierredv
Economics focus: The plough and the now | The Economist
"A new paper by Alberto Alesina and Nathan Nunn of Harvard University and Paola Giuliano of the University of California, Los Angeles, finds striking evidence that ancient agricultural techniques have very long-lasting effects. " Long after most people have stopped tilling the land for a living, the economists find, their views about the economic role of women seem to line up with whether their ancestors ploughed or whether they hoed. Women descended from plough-users are less likely to work outside the home, to be elected to parliament or to run businesses than their counterparts in countries at similar levels of development who happen to be descended from hoe-users. The research reinforces the ideas of Ester Boserup, an economist who argued in the 1970s that cultural norms about the economic roles of the sexes can be traced back to traditional farming practices.
gender  agriculture  history  farming  equality  economics  TheEconomist 
august 2011 by pierredv
No water? No problem for these Jordanian farmers. / The Christian ...
"By finding new markets for vegetables that require little water, a handful of Jordanian farmers are proving that agriculture can prosper in a dry land."
Arguments here probably relevant to many countries where there's potential conflict between high tech farmers generating foreign exchange and populist politicians looking out for the interests of the poor
farming  economics  jordan  water 
february 2010 by pierredv
Women lead a farming revolution in Iowa |
Written as a gender story, this just as much an issue of the perennial tension between landlords and tenants, who have different time horizons and interests in exploiting a resouce, see e.g. Barzel "Economic Analysis of Property Rights" Ch. 3
economics  gender  csmonitor  farming 
february 2009 by pierredv

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