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Hacking these medical pumps is as easy as copying a booby-trapped file over the network • The Register Jun 2019
"Two security vulnerabilities in medical workstations can exploited by scumbags to hijack the devices and connected infusion pumps, potentially causing harm to patients, the US government revealed today"

"An attacker successfully exploiting the critical flaw could remotely install malicious firmware, thereby disabling the workstation or altering its function."
TheRegister  healthcare  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity  vulnerability  DHS 
june 2019 by pierredv
At the Membranes of Care: Stories in Narrative Medicine, Rita Charon, 2012
At the Membranes of Care: Stories in Narrative Medicine
Rita Charon, Acad Med. 2012 Mar; 87(3): 342–347.
doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3182446fbb


Recognizing clinical medicine as a narrative undertaking fortified by learnable skills in understanding stories has helped doctors and teachers to face otherwise vexing problems in medical practice and education in the areas of professionalism, medical interviewing, reflective practice, patient-centered care, and self-awareness. The emerging practices of narrative medicine give clinicians fresh methods with which to make contact with patients and to come to understand their points of view. This essay provides a brief review of narrative theory regarding the structure of stories, suggesting that clinical texts contain and can reveal information in excess of their plots. Through close reading of the form and content of two clinical texts—an excerpt from a medical chart and a portion of an audio-taped interview with a medical student—and a reflection on a short section of a modernist novel, the author suggests ways to expand conventional medical routines of recognizing the meanings of patients' situations. The contributions of close reading and reflective writing to clinical practice may occur by increasing the capacities to perceive and then to represent the perceived, thereby making available to a writer that which otherwise might remain out of awareness. A clinical case is given to exemplify the consequences in practices of adopting the methods of narrative medicine. A metaphor of the activated cellular membrane is proposed as a figure for the effective clinician/patient contact.
medicine  healthcare  stories  narrative 
may 2019 by pierredv
Can “Internet-of-Body” Thwart Cyber Attacks on Implanted Medical Devices? - IEEE Spectrum
Via Keith Gremban

"Medtronic discloses medical device vulnerabilities, while Purdue University scientists propose countermeasure to block attacks"

"The U.S. Department of Homeland Security last week warned that numerous medical devices made by Medtronic are vulnerable to cyber attack. The vulnerabilities affect 17 of the company’s implantable cardiac device models and the external equipment used to communicate with them.

A Medtronic spokesperson told IEEE Spectrum that the company voluntarily disclosed the vulnerabilities ..."

"At risk are certain models of heart-regulating devices: implantable cardiac resynchronization therapy/defibrillators (CRT-Ds) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). CRT-Ds send electrical impulses to the lower chambers of the heart to help them beat together in a more synchronized pattern. ICDs deliver electrical impulses to correct fast heart rhythms. External computers program the devices and retrieve information.

Such devices emit radio frequency signals that can be detected up to several meters from the body. A malicious individual nearby could conceivably hack into the signal to jam it, alter it, or snoop on it, according to the Feds’ warning."

"For more than a decade researchers have repeatedly warned that medical devices could be turned into murder weapons. Scientists have demonstrated in written reports and live, at conferences, how to hack into an insulin pump, or a pacemaker, or even an entire hospital network."
cybersecurity  healthcare  IoT  IEEE-Spectrum 
may 2019 by pierredv
MDISS - Medical Device Innovation, Safety & Security Consortium
MDISS works to advance public health and patient safety by helping members assess and improve medical devices in complex multi-vendor networks.
healthcare  safety  security 
may 2019 by pierredv
Hospital viruses: Fake cancerous nodes in CT scans, created by malware, trick radiologists - The Washington Post, Apr 2019
"But what if the scan had shown faked cancerous nodules, placed there by malware exploiting vulnerabilities in widely used CT and MRI scanning equipment? Researchers in Israel say they have developed such malware to draw attention to serious security weaknesses in critical medical imaging equipment used for diagnosing conditions and the networks that transmit those images — vulnerabilities that could have potentially life-altering consequences if unaddressed."

"Mirsky said the attack works because hospitals don’t digitally sign the scans to prevent them from being altered without detection and don’t use encryption on their PACS networks, allowing an intruder on the network to see the scans and alter them."
WashingtonPost  cybersecurity  healthcare  vulnerability 
april 2019 by pierredv
Healthcare Hardest Hit by Cyberattacks, Data Breaches in 2018, Apr 2019
"Healthcare was the leading industry for cyberattacks and data breaches last year, making up 41 percent of cyber incidents tracked by specialty insurer Beazley. "

"Beazley found that most common cause of a healthcare data breach was unintended disclosure by an employee, accounting for 31 percent of cyber incidents in the sector, although incidents of hack or malware attacks increased by 10 percentage points compared to 2017 to 30% of the total."
healthcare  cybersecurity  ransomware 
april 2019 by pierredv
Security flaw in Medtronic heart defibrillators is serious, DHS says, but don't panic - Cyberscoop Mar 2019
"The Department of Homeland Security has issued an advisory warning that a vulnerability in Medtronic heart defibrillators could allow hackers to change the settings in a medical device from within radio range."

"The issue involves Conexus, Medtronic’s radio-frequency protocol that’s used for communication between medical technology such as defibrillators, home monitoring devices and other clinician programming tools. Conexus connections fail to implement any kind of authentication or authorization, according to DHS. That means that, in situations where a product’s radio is activated, outsiders can exploit the connection to read and write memory in the cardiac device."
healthcare  cyber-spectrum  spectrum-vulnerability 
march 2019 by pierredv
Is the FDA Too Conservative or Too Aggressive?: A Bayesian Decision Analysis of Clinical Trial Design, Aug 2015, Vahid Montazerhodjat & Andrew W. Lo
Via Tom Hazlett, Nov 2017

NBER Working Paper No. 21499
Issued in August 2015
NBER Program(s):Health Care, Health Economics

Implicit in the drug-approval process is a trade-off between Type I and Type II error. We explore the application of Bayesian decision analysis (BDA) to minimize the expected cost of drug approval, where relative costs are calibrated using U.S. Burden of Disease Study 2010 data. The results for conventional fixed-sample randomized clinical-trial designs suggest that for terminal illnesses with no existing therapies such as pancreatic cancer, the standard threshold of 2.5% is substantially more conservative than the BDA-optimal threshold of 27.9%. However, for relatively less deadly conditions such as prostate cancer, 2.5% is more risk-tolerant or aggressive than the BDA-optimal threshold of 1.2%. We compute BDA-optimal sizes for 25 of the most lethal diseases and show how a BDA-informed approval process can incorporate all stakeholders’ views in a systematic, transparent, internally consistent, and repeatable manner.
NBER  medicine  risk-assessment  probability  statistics  decision-making  Bayesian  research  healthcare  cancer  BDA  FDA 
december 2018 by pierredv
A Handheld Ultrasound Device for Your Smartphone - Nanalyze
"With total funding now at $350 million, we decided to take a closer look at the handheld ultrasound device that Butterfly Network is now bringing to market. ... ... we talked about how Butterfly is reinventing the ultrasound machine by squeezing all of its components onto a single silicon chip. ... that device is now here at a price point of less than $2,000"

"The Butterfly iQ is FDA 510(k) cleared for diagnostic imaging across 13 clinical applications which span the whole body. Right now it’s only available for purchase in the United States, and you’ll need to be a licensed physician to reserve one. Next year the devices are expected to be available outside the United States, which opens up the market to places where such a low-cost device might be needed to improve healthcare for the less fortunate (thus, the reason why the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation invested in the company.)"
nanalyze  ultrasound  medical-devices  healthcare 
october 2018 by pierredv
How statistical deception created the appearance that statins are safe and effective in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology: Vol 8, No 2
David M Diamond & Uffe Ravnskov

Abstract: "We have provided a critical assessment of research on the reduction of cholesterol levels by statin treatment to reduce cardiovascular disease. Our opinion is that although statins are effective at reducing cholesterol levels, they have failed to substantially improve cardiovascular outcomes. We have described the deceptive approach statin advocates have deployed to create the appearance that cholesterol reduction results in an impressive reduction in cardiovascular disease outcomes through their use of a statistical tool called relative risk reduction (RRR), a method which amplifies the trivial beneficial effects of statins. We have also described how the directors of the clinical trials have succeeded in minimizing the significance of the numerous adverse effects of statin treatment."

Per, "According to Diamond and Ravnskov, statins produce a dramatic reduction in cholesterol levels, but they have "failed to substantially improve cardiovascular outcomes." They further state that the many studies touting the efficacy of statins have not only neglected to account for the numerous serious adverse side effects of the drugs, but supporters of statins have used what the authors refer to as "statistical deception" to make inflated claims about their effectiveness."
statins  ASCVD  disease  health  healthcare  statistics 
december 2017 by pierredv
I help repurpose everyday drugs like aspirin to fight cancer | New Scientist July 2016
Issue 3082

Interview with Pan Pantziarka about repurposed drugs used for cancer

"Clinicians and scientists often characterise older drugs like aspirin as “dirty” drugs because they hit multiple targets. We see this as an advantage. For example, the painkiller diclofenac helps to stop tumours growing their own blood vessels. Research suggests it also primes the body to respond better to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It does multiple jobs in one tablet."

"There’s evidence to show that aspirin is beneficial for colorectal cancer after diagnosis, and that it can reduce the recurrence of adenomas – benign tumours that are often a first step towards colorectal cancer – after they are surgically removed. Another example is the beta blocker propranolol, which has shown a positive effect when used before surgery in a number of cancers, including ovarian cancer. Cancer is aided by bodily systems that increase the proliferation of cells while also lowering immunity, but propranolol reverses these pro-tumour effects."
NewScientist  cancer  pharma  healthcare  medicine 
march 2017 by pierredv
Go Ahead, Hackers. Break My Heart | WIRED
"I realized that my heart was now wired into the medical Internet of Things, and this was done without informing me or asking for my consent."

"Part of the problem with doing security research in this field is that the medical devices appear as black boxes. How can I trust the machine inside my body when it is running on proprietary code and there is no transparency? . . . A significant battle was, however, won when the DMCA exemptions for medical device security research were granted in October of last year."

"The medical device industry got a wake-up call last year when researcher Billy Rios demonstrated that drug infusion pumps had vulnerabilities that would allow unauthorized firmware updates that could give patients lethal medication dosages."
Wired  IoT  hacking  healthcare  medical-devices  DMCA  cybersecurity 
february 2017 by pierredv
The scary reality of medical U-turns, and how to stop them | New Scientist - aug 2016
Lists 10 major reversals
= hormone replacement therapy
= peanut allergy
= surgery for osteoarthritis of the knee
= cancer screening
= heart stents
= vertebroplasty
= intensive blood sugar lowering for type 2 diabetics
= pre-implantation genetic testing
= lowering body temperature for aneurysm surgery
= ear tube surgery
NewScientist  medicine  health  healthcare  evidence  evidence-based 
november 2016 by pierredv
TECNIS® Symfony - Safer, Sharper Vision after Cataract Surgery
via Andrew Davis, June 2016

Key Needs for Presbyopia-Correcting IOLs

High patient satisfaction by providing reliable outcomes
Low number of complaints (on refractive outcomes or halos and glare)
No significant additional chair time
eyes  optical  healthcare 
june 2016 by pierredv
Antibiotic resistance: The grim prospect - Briefing | The Economist May 2016
Already the cost to the American health-care system of dealing with infections resistant to one or more antibiotics is $20 billion a year.
TheEconomist  healthcare  antibiotics 
may 2016 by pierredv
Autonomous Robot Surgeon Bests Humans in World First - IEEE Spectrum May 2016
"For this study, published today in the journal Science Translational Medicine, researchers programmed their robot to carry out a procedure called intestinal anastomosis, in which a piece of intestine that’s been cut through is stitched back together. It’s like repairing a garden hose, said Ryan Decker, the senior engineer on the team, in that the sutures must be tight and regularly spaced to prevent leaks. STAR performed this task both on ex vivo tissue in the lab and on in vivo tissue in an anesthetized pig, and experienced human surgeons were given the same tasks. When the resulting sutures were compared, STAR’s stitches were more consistent and more resistant to leaks."
automation  surgery  healthcare  health  IEEE-Spectrum 
may 2016 by pierredv
40 Must-Know Statistics About Long-Term Care -- Morningstar
From Brighton Jones, Feb 2016 "Arm yourself with the facts on how frequently people need long-term care, how much it costs, and how long it's needed."
Morningstar  healthcare 
february 2016 by pierredv
Strong placebo response thwarts painkiller trials : Nature News & Comment
"Simply being in a US trial and receiving sham treatment now seems to relieve pain almost as effectively as many promising new drugs. Mogil thinks that as US trials get longer, larger and more expensive, they may be enhancing participants’ expectations of their effectiveness."
placebo  healthcare  NatureJournal 
october 2015 by pierredv
Bedside manners | The Economist
Small data has been used for years, to great effect, in home monitoring
healthcare  BigData  TheEconomist 
june 2015 by pierredv
Open Payments Data
"Open Payments is a federal program that annually collects and makes information public about financial relationships between the health care industry, physicians, and teaching hospitals. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) collects information from manufacturers of drugs and devices about payments and other transfers of value they make to physicians and teaching hospitals. These payments and other transfers of value can be for many purposes, like research, consulting, travel, and gifts. CMS will be making this data publicly available each reporting year."
cms  pharma  healthcare  payoff  payments 
february 2015 by pierredv
Fresh air and sunshine: The forgotten antibiotics - health - 16 December 2013 - New Scientist
"At 207 nm, the UV is absorbed by protein molecules and therefore penetrates only a short way into human cells; it does not reach the DNA to cause mutations. Microbes, on the other hand, are so much smaller than human cells that they completely absorb the light and are killed (see diagram). Now a lamp has been developed that emits only UV at 207 nm. Studies on cells grown in the lab have shown that this narrow band does not harm human skin tissue cultures yet kills bacteria, including MRSA." "And it's not just hospitals where getting more fresh air circulating could reduce the spread of disease: there are benefits anywhere that people live closely together. For instance, US soldiers stationed in the Saudi Arabian desert during the first Gulf war got more coughs and colds if they slept in air-conditioned barracks than if they bedded down in tents and warehouses. Another study looking at Chinese college students found that 35 per cent of those who slept in poorly ventilated dorm rooms"
antibiotics  healthcare  NewScientist  TB  tuberculosis  MRSA  architecture 
may 2014 by pierredv
Health Care Reform Toolkit | Aflac
"HCR Communication Toolkit. Helpful videos can be used to educate your employees about health care reform, and communication tools can be customized with your logo. Employers subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act are required to educate their workers about the Health Insurance Marketplace and subsidies by October 1st (as well as upon employment for all new employees). These resources can help you fulfill the requirement and educate your workers about changes to their health insurance options."
employment  Affordable  Care  Act  Aflac  healthcare 
october 2013 by pierredv
Will the Affordable Care Act Make Health Care More Affordable? | RAND
"We found that out-of-pocket spending on health care will decrease for both the newly insured as well as for those changing their source of insurance. These decreases will be largest for those who would otherwise be uninsured. "
RAND  healthcare 
october 2013 by pierredv
Uninsured next year? Here's your Obamacare penalty. - Aug. 13, 2013
Thinking of ignoring the Obamacare mandate to get health insurance next year? It could cost you. To try to ensure that people sign up for coverage, the Affordable Care Act carries complex penalties for those who remain uninsured that could cost them hundreds, or even thousands of dollars. Some 6 million people could be hit with these fines in 2016, forking $7 billion over to the federal government, according to the Congressional Budget Office. Here's how the penalties will worl
insurance  medical  healthcare 
august 2013 by pierredv
No money, no insurance, no mercy | Seattle Times Newspaper
"Hospitals in Washington are legally required to provide free charity care for patients with incomes below the poverty level. Even middle-income patients, in some cases, are entitled to breaks in their hospital bills. But advocates for patients contend that too often, eligible patients are denied charity care or not told that it's available."
poverty  medical  insurance  ex  Seattle  Times  healthcare 
june 2013 by pierredv
Cost of Dementia Tops $157 Billion Annually in the United States | RAND
"Dementia costs the United States more each year than either cancer or heart disease, according to a new RAND study. More than 14 percent of Americans older than 70 suffer from dementia—which includes Alzheimer's disease and other disorders—and each year, the condition costs the country between $157 billion and $215 billion. That cost could double by 2040 if the prevalence rate remains the same. "Our findings underscore the urgency of recent federal efforts to develop a coordinated plan to address the growing impact of dementia on American society," says the study's lead author, Michael Hurd"
US  dementia  RAND  health  cost  aging  healthcare 
april 2013 by pierredv
Death: The blurred line between dead and alive - health - 24 October 2012 - New Scientist
"IT IS now easier to be declared dead than at any time in human history. The standards have fallen so low that your heart can be beating, your brain can be sending out brainwaves, and the doctor can still declare you an ex-person. The good news: only about 1 per cent of the population is subject to minimal death criteria. The bad news: if you fall into this 1 per cent, you may be vivisected."
death  NewScientist  medicine  dying  healthcare 
february 2013 by pierredv
The likelihood of waking up dead - 28 March 2012 - New Scientist
Review of "The Undead" by Dick Teresi "Teresi tours through the ways humanity has identified death throughout history, and includes several alarming anecdotes about when death has been misdiagnosed. But his primary focus is on brain death, and he grows increasingly aggravated as he points out that the criteria used to determine "irreversible coma" were established by a group of 13 Harvard physicians and academics nearly half a century ago, based on no data and with a stated goal of reducing controversy when it came to procuring donor organs. What's more, he stresses, even those criteria are no longer fully adhered to. For example, electroencephalography (EEG) to look for activity in the cortex is not mandated."
books  reviews  death  NewScientist  dying  healthcare 
february 2013 by pierredv
Dental X-rays: Little and not often, please | The Economist April 2012
"guidelines from the American Dental Association state that healthy adults should have a bitewing X-ray no more than once every two or three years, and that there is little reason to X-ray patients who do not have symptoms"
health  healthcare  x-ray  dentistry  TheEconomist 
may 2012 by pierredv
Inside the MBAN frequency battle | ZDNet
“The record indicates scant use by AMT of the 2390-2395 MHz portion of the spectrum,” the document[Philips] states. “The spectrum should therefore be joined with 2395-2400 MHz to allow the 10 MHz to be used by MBAN in-home and mobile devices with up to 20 milliwatts” of power output.
MBAN  spectrum  healthcare 
may 2012 by pierredv
Instant Expert: AIDS – What works? 04 September 2011 - New Scientist
commentary by Elizabeth Pisani at end of "instant expert" insert on AIDS. She lays out a great case with many examples that any policy needs to recognize four factors - one needs to succeed at all four levels 1. biology 2. behavior 3. economics 4. politics This applies to any policy making, I suspect
politics  AIDS  economics  policy  NewScientist  healthcare 
november 2011 by pierredv
Accelerating Health Care Costs Wiping Out Much of Americans' Income Gains | RAND
"Fast-rising health care costs have eaten nearly all the income gains made by a median-income American family of four over the past decade, leaving them with just $95 per month in extra income, after accounting for taxes and price increases, according to a new RAND Corporation study. "
healthcare  USA  RAND 
september 2011 by pierredv
On remote Tibetan plateau, a health-care program that could be a model for China -
"The Surmang Foundation’s clinic, set in a Buddhist monastery, is also pioneering a system of rural health care for the ultrapoor that some experts say could be a model for the rest of the country." A model of how buddhism acts against poverty. One sees suffering; one acts to alleviate it through direct action But what about policy change?
buddhism  healthcare  tibet  csmonitor  poverty 
september 2011 by pierredv
Alzheimer’s Therapy Focuses on Care -
New research suggests emotion persists after cognition deteriorates - ways to treat Alzheimers
dementia  chocolate  healthcare  ageing  alzheimers  NYTimes 
january 2011 by pierredv
Getting wise to the real power of placebos - opinion - 13 December 2010 - New Scientist
Irving Kirsch making the case for "active placebos", ones that have side effects of similar degree to the drugs being tested
pharma  placebo  healthcare  NewScientist 
december 2010 by pierredv
Do or die in state hospital reform =
"The changes foresee the hospitals keeping proper accounting books, which would involve them recording what money is spent, not just what cash they receive from the state, as is the case at 26 of the 30 hospitals at the moment."
government  waste  healthcare  greece  via:adrianashum 
october 2010 by pierredv
Playing Video Games May Contribute To Keyhole Surgery Skills
A small US study suggests that surgeons who played video games have better keyhole surgery skills than those that did not.
healthcare  skill  medicine  games 
may 2010 by pierredv
Barney Frank Confronts Woman At Townhall Comparing Obama To Hitler
"Trying to have a conversation with you would be like arguing with a dining room table."
politics  healthcare  video  youtube  quotations 
january 2010 by pierredv
Vet School 2.0: Stick Your Hand Up a Virtual Cow Butt | Wired Science |
Quote: veterinarian and computer scientist Sarah Baillie has created the “Haptic Cow,” a virtual, touch-feedback device that mimics the feeling of real bovine anatomy, placed inside a fiberglass model of a cow’s rear end.
“With this technology, students can feel something that feels like the inside of a real cow, but I or another instructor can be following their movements on a monitor,” said Baillie, who teaches at the Royal Veterinary College in London. “This means we can say, ‘Come back a bit or go left a bit.’ It actually means you can direct them.”
x:wired  via:gmsv  virtualworlds  simulation  healthcare 
november 2009 by pierredv
New Computer Modeling Program Can Help Hospitals Prepare For The Worst
"A new and novel computer modeling platform developed through intensive, multidisciplinary collaboration at New York University can help hospitals and cities to be more prepared for catastrophic public health scenarios"
agentbasedmodeling  modeling  healthcare  medicine 
june 2009 by pierredv
Medical News: New Computer Model Improves Catastrophe Preparedness - in Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine from MedPage Today
Planning with Large Agent Networks against Catastrophes, or PLAN C, is an "agent-based modeling approach" that allows researchers to assess both individual and system-wide effects in public health disasters
healthcare  complexity  agentbasedmodeling  policy  modeling 
june 2009 by pierredv
Simulating a public health disaster using multiple variables can assist hospitals and cities in preparing for worst-case scenarios - News
"Plan C uses a powerful, large-scale computational, multi-agent based disaster simulation framework involving as many as thousands of variables or agents – from existing hospital beds and emergency department services to hospital surge capacity and behavioural and psychosocial characteristics – to anticipate public response to an attack. It has been able to simulate the complex dynamics of emergency responses in such scenarios as a chemical release, food poisoning, and smallpox."
complexity  policy  agentbasedmodeling  modeling  healthcare 
june 2009 by pierredv
Health-Care Reform: Who Pays Is So Taboo - BusinessWeek
"Neither Congress nor the White House will endorse any of the options: raise taxes, ration care, or cut payments to doctors, hospitals, and drugmakers "
Excellent survey of the gnarly part of the question
**  us  healthcare  x:businessweek 
june 2009 by pierredv
Growing disparities in healthcare provision - McKinsey Chart Focus May 2009
"only 22 percent of employees in the lowest income group (earning an average of $14,800 a year), but 56 percent, 81 percent, and 89 percent of those in the lower-middle, upper-middle, and top income groups, respectively"
x:mckinsey  healthcare 
may 2009 by pierredv
Ultrasound Imaging Now Possible With Smartphone
"coupling USB-based ultrasound probe technology with a smartphone, enabling a compact, mobile computational platform and a medical imaging device that fits in the palm of a hand."
via Paul margie
medicine  telephony  healthcare 
april 2009 by pierredv
Laboring to save home births |
profile of midwife Diane Goslin, and incidentally the Amish community
healthcare  stories  people  CSMonitor  *** 
july 2008 by pierredv
A reasonable estimate for uninsured costs
premiums are roughly $900 higher to pay for the cost of care for the uninsured
US  politics  healthcare 
may 2008 by pierredv
Drug Makers Near an Old Goal: A Legal Shield - New York Times
the balance of letting an expert agency decide, vs allowing litigation - particularly if the agency is so overloaded that it hopes for litigation to ameliorate a situation
healthcare  regulation  NYTimes 
april 2008 by pierredv
Microsoft Rolls Out Personal Health Records - New York Times
"Microsoft is starting its long-anticipated drive into the consumer health care market by offering free personal health records on the Web and pursuing a strategy that borrows from the company’s successful formula in personal computer softw
Microsoft  healthcare 
october 2007 by pierredv
Vertical search-engines | Know your subject |
includes examples of vertical search engines, particularly for healthcare which seems to be a target of opportunity
search  web  healthcare 
july 2007 by pierredv
The French Lesson In Health Care
Useful analysis of universal healthcare. The graphic "A Tale Of Two Countries" gives good comparisons: US spends 16.5% of GDP, vs. 10.7% for France, and has much higher out-of-pocket spending, BUT has 43.6 million uninsure, fewer doctors per capita, short
healthcare  policy 
july 2007 by pierredv
Internet Medicine
Boston Phoenix story, 1998
shifts  healthcare 
july 2005 by pierredv
Shifting balance of power in health care - Newsday Mar 1999`
doctors using patients to complain to employers, so gaining leverage against HMOs
shifts  healthcare 
july 2005 by pierredv
PharmExec - Tipping the Balance of Power With Digital Patient Information
argues will increase power of patients and pharmas, at cost of doctor
shifts  healthcare 
july 2005 by pierredv
The doctor/patient balance of power: A brief history.
cites Lilian Furst, Between Doctors and Patients: The Changing Balance of Power (1998)
shifts  healthcare 
july 2005 by pierredv

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