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pierredv : intelligence   12

How to upgrade your thinking and avoid traps that make you look stupid | New Scientist
" IQ does correlate with many important outcomes in life, including academic success and job performance in many workplaces. But it is less useful at predicting “wise” decision-making and critical thinking, including the capacity to assess risk and uncertainty and weigh up conflicting evidence."


= "framing – our tendency to view certain statistics more favourably depending on the way they are phrased"

= "sunk cost fallacy: the tendency to pour more resources into a failing project to save sacrificing your initial investment, even though it will ultimately cost you a lot more than simply giving up"

= "gambler’s fallacy, the belief that chance events somehow even themselves out"

= Solomon's paradox: "find it easier to reason wisely about other people’s dilemmas than our own"

= "motivated reasoning, which means we apply our intelligence in a one-sided manner, to build arguments that justify and rationalise our own intuitive views and demolish the arguments of others"

= (perceptions of expertise can lead to) "earned dogmatism – the sense that you have earned the right to remain closed-minded about a subject, while rejecting arguments that disagree with those views"

"The Dunning-Kruger effect has now been replicated many times. Those studies have mostly examined basic skills such as numeracy. If you look at people with specialist expertise, however, a very different picture emerges."

Tips from the sidebar "Keeping your thinking on track"
= self-distancing
= consider the opposite of what you had just been thinking
NewScientist  IQ  intelligence  wisdom  fallacies  tips  bias  risk-assessment  cognitive-bias 
6 weeks ago by pierredv
On the dark history of intelligence as domination | Aeon Essays, Stephen Cave , Feb 2017
Intelligence has always been used as fig-leaf to justify domination and destruction. No wonder we fear super-smart robots
AeonMagazine  intelligence  AI 
10 weeks ago by pierredv
Everything You Know About the Vulnerability Equities Process Is Wrong - Lawfare Aug 2016
Via Dan Geer, "Rubicon"

"The vulnerability equities process (VEP) is broken. While it is designed to ensure the satisfaction of many equities, in reality it satisfies none—or at least, none visible to those beyond the participants of the insular process. Instead of meaningfully shaping best outcomes, the VEP provides thin public relations cover when the US government is questioned on its strategy around vulnerabilities."
hacking  intelligence  exploits  cybersecurity  governance 
april 2018 by pierredv
We must prepare for superintelligent computers - opinion - 08 July 2014 - New Scientist
based on his book "Superintelligence: Paths, dangers, strategies" - best outline analysis of the singularity that I've seen Distinguishes 3 forms of superintelligence: (1) speed (2) collective (3) quality. Bottom line: "We cannot hope to compete with such machine brains. We can only hope to design them so that their goals coincide with ours. Figuring out how to do that is a formidable problem. It is not clear whether we will succeed in solving that problem before somebody succeeds in building a superintelligence. But the fate of humanity may depend on solving these two problems in the correct order."
NewScientist  intelligence  AI  trends  culture  mind  singularity  *  **  books  Nick-Bostrom 
august 2014 by pierredv
Cockatoo cracks lock with no prior training - life - 03 July 2013 - New Scientist
"Alex Kacelnik and colleagues at the University of Oxford set a number of cockatoos a challenge: pick a lock to access a nut visible behind a transparent door. The birds had to remove a pin, followed by a screw and a bolt, before turning a wheel to release a latch (see video, above)... "Some birds excel at different tasks," says Kacelnik. "Pipin is an ace at solving locks whereas another bird at the lab is good at making tools."... To test whether the birds had simply memorised a sequence of tasks, or whether they had a physical understanding of each device, the team altered the set-up by breaking, removing or re-ordering some of the locks, as shown in the video. This did not stump the birds, suggesting that they are aware of how objects act on each other, says Kacelnik."
puzzles  cockatoos  NewScientist  birds  video  intelligence 
july 2013 by pierredv
The Brains of the Animal Kingdom -
"New research shows that we have grossly underestimated both the scope and the scale of animal intelligence. Primatologist Frans de Waal on memory-champ chimps, tool-using elephants and rats capable of empathy." "A growing body of evidence shows, however, that we have grossly underestimated both the scope and the scale of animal intelligence. Can an octopus use tools? Do chimpanzees have a sense of fairness? Can birds guess what others know? Do rats feel empathy for their friends? Just a few decades ago we would have answered "no" to all such questions. Now we're not so sure."
WSJ  IQ  Frans  de  Waal  intelligence  animal 
march 2013 by pierredv
Toothbrushes, BristleBots And the Nature of Intelligence | MIT Technology Review
"These guys make their discovery using BristleBots, simple automatons made from a toothbrush head and a cellphone vibrator motor.  Put a few of these into a circular enclosure and they wander around at random. But when Giomi and co increased the number of BristleBots, they began to self-organise into things like swirling swarms."
swarming  MIT-Technology-Review  emergence  intelligence 
march 2013 by pierredv
Artificial intelligence: Riders on a swarm | The Economist
The search for artificial intelligence modelled on human brains has been a dismal failure. AI based on ant behaviour, though, is having some success.
"The search for artificial intelligence modelled on human brains has been a dismal failure. AI based on ant behaviour, though, is having some success."
computing  AI  complexity  intelligence  TheEconomist 
september 2010 by pierredv
The secrets of intelligence lie within a single cell - life - 26 April 2010 - New Scientist
argument that a single cell has a lot of intelligence, critique of thinking of a neuron as a transistor
neuroscience  biology  brain  intelligence  cell  NewScientist 
may 2010 by pierredv

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