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How to build a Jammer Detector - Worldsensing TechBlog - Medium, Oct 2019
via Dale Hatfield
"In the context of one of those projects called CIPSEC, we were requested to develop a tool that would allow us to detect wireless Denial of Service (DoS) attacks"
9 weeks ago by pierredv
Grounded flights, lost drones and ‘crop circles’: the year in GNSS vulnerabilities | LinkedIn Dec 2019
In 2019 we saw massive worldwide disruption from GNSS jamming, spoofing and other vulnerabilities. Here’s a recap of the year’s most significant events.
cyber-spectrum  GNSS  vulnerability  GPS  jamming  spoofing 
december 2019 by pierredv
The Navy's Secretive And Revolutionary Program To Project False Fleets From Drone Swarms - The Drive Nov 2019
"This secretive new electronic warfare "ecosystem" is known as Netted Emulation of Multi-Element Signature against Integrated Sensors, or NEMESIS. ... ... for years, the Navy has been developing and integrating multiple types of unmanned vehicles, shipboard and submarine systems, countermeasures and electronic warfare payloads, and communication technologies to give it the ability to project what is, in essence, phantom fleets of aircraft, ships, and submarines. These realistic-looking false signatures and decoys have the ability to appear seamlessly across disparate and geographically separated enemy sensor systems located both above and below the ocean's surface. As a result, this networked and cooperative electronic warfare concept brings an unprecedented level of guileful fidelity to the fight. It's not just about disrupting the enemy's capabilities or confusing them at a command and control level, but also about making their sensors tell them the same falsehoods across large swathes of the battlespace."

"Electronic warfare (EW) has become an essential part of military strategy over the better part of the last century. "
USNavy  military  drones  spoofing  dissimulation  EW  electronic-warfare  jamming 
november 2019 by pierredv
NASA report: Passenger aircraft nearly crashes due GPS disruption - GPS World | RNTF - Aug 2019
A report filed with NASA’s Aviation Safety Reporting System and published in June outlines how a passenger aircraft flew off course during a period of GPS jamming and nearly crashed into a mountain. Fortunately, an alert radar controller intervened, and the accident was averted.
GPS  RNTF  GPSWorld  jamming  cyber-spectrum  spectrum-vulnerability 
august 2019 by pierredv
Navigation War in Persian Gulf Hits the News | RNTF, Aug 2019
Blog Editor’s Note: Below are a warning published by the US Maritime Administration, and a press report that quotes an unnamed US defense official. Long time readers will discern that there is a bit of confusion in the two reports about what exactly is going on in terms of spoofing (GPS or just communications?), jamming, and so on. But there is certainly a lot happening.

It should be no surprise that Iran is jamming GPS and perhaps spoofing signals as they have clearly done that before and these are common, easily employed techniques in today’s low intensity warfare.

This kind of navigation warfare has been going on around the world and in the Persian Gulf for quite some time. The first public report was when Iran bragged about capturing a CIA drone operating in Afghanistan in 2011 by spoofing its GPS receiver.

A couple thoughts on the below reports:

The “AIS spoofing” discussed is not the same thing as spoofing GPS signals. AIS is identification equipment carried by a vessel that be programmed to report that the vessel is any type the user wishes. So an Iranian patrol boat can enter into its AIS that it is an British oil tanker, for example in the hopes of deceiving other vessels that don’t have it in sight.
A “US defense official” claims that Iran has been “jamming GPS signals” in the hopes ships will wander into their waters. That would not really be effective, and it wouldn’t make sense, since they clearly have the ability to spoof signals. This could make the ships sail, not wander, into their territorial seas. The folks we have spoken to haven’t seen any signs, yet, of spoofing, but we wouldn’t be surprised if they discover it eventually.
We are not sure about the US defense official’s credibility, though, as at the end of the CNN article “The official said the Iranian jammers have no effect on US military warships and aircraft.” – Yeah, right.
RNTF  GPS  cyber-spectrum  jamming  spoofing  navigation 
august 2019 by pierredv
Captain Midnight broadcast signal intrusion - Wikipedia
"On April 27, 1986, American electrical engineer and business owner John R. MacDougall, using the pseudonym Captain Midnight, jammed the Home Box Office (HBO) satellite signal on Galaxy 1 "

FCC penalities were nugatory then, too: under a plea bargain, John MacDougal "received a $5,000 fine, one year unsupervised probation, and his amateur radio license was suspended for a year." It’s amazing he was even found; "a tourist overheard him discussing the incident on a pay phone off Interstate 75"

"Satellite hijacking only became a felony only after this event."
jamming  spectrum-vulnerability  hacking  FCC  Wikipedia  stories  people 
april 2019 by pierredv
Highway gantries identify jammers - GPS World : GPS World Apr 2019
Via Dale Hatfield

"An ION GNSS+ 2018 presentation by Wim de Wilde and Jean-Marie Sleewaegen presentation showed how a multi-antenna GNSS receiver with built-in RF spectrum monitor and adequate processing tool can efficiently detect and classify jamming events and identify the offending car or truck. They conducted a five-day test with two Septentrio AsteRx-U dual-antenna receivers installed on an overhead structure above a busy highway."

"Over the five days of the experiment, 45 jamming events were recorded and analyzed, most of them intentional: continuous wave, chirp or even less-known pulse jammers."
GNSS  GPS  jamming  GPSWorld 
april 2019 by pierredv
HK$1 million in damage caused by GPS jamming that caused 46 drones to plummet during Hong Kong show | South China Morning Post, Oct 2019
Via Dale
"The GPS jamming that caused 46 drones to plummet during a display over Victoria Harbour during the weekend caused at least HK$1 million (US$127,500) in damage, according to a senior official from the Hong Kong Tourism Board."

"... the interference was likely to have been caused by someone standing by the harbour and pointing a device towards the drones, which landed on the water when they detected a signal interruption.

The distance from the water to the drone show suggested the jammer used on Saturday was a powerful device."
SouthChinaMorningPost  HongKong  drones  UAV  GPS  jamming 
april 2019 by pierredv
GPS Jamming Interferes with Construction | RNTF Feb 2019
Blog Editor’s Note: We are not sure if this is another instance of Russia jamming GPS in Norway or part of the most recent spate of instances. Suffice it to say that Russia has been jamming GPS in northern Norway a lot. This is a good article as it reminds us that GPS is about much more than making transportation more efficient and safer.
GPS  jamming  spoofing  RNTF  Norway 
march 2019 by pierredv
GNSS Interference and Spoofing Detection | BroadSense | Talen-X
Via Dale, Jan 2019

"BroadSense is a GPS interference and detection sensor designed to detect jamming and spoofing. Utilizing sophisticated GNSS receivers and 75+ advanced algorithms, BroadSense can detect when the GPS signal or GPS spectrum is compromised."
Talen-X  GPS  jamming  spoofing 
january 2019 by pierredv Information About GPS Jamming
includes list of FCC advisories and enforcement actions
GPS  jamming  enforcement 
december 2018 by pierredv
Connected Vehicle Security Vulnerabilities | IoT Security Headlines, Mar 2018
"In the history of mandatory regulation of computerized vehicles, an E-Letter entitled, “Black box is not safe at all,” was published in Science [1] in 2017. It mentioned that on-board diagnostics (OBD-II) specifications were made mandatory for all cars sold in the United States in 1996. The European Union made European OBD (EOBD) mandatory for all gasoline (petrol) vehicles sold in the European Union starting in 2001."
cyber-spectrum  automobile  transportation  spectrum-vulnerability  cybersecurity  hacks  jamming  spoofing 
december 2018 by pierredv
Russia jammed GPS during major NATO military exercise with US troops - CNNPolitics Nov 2018
The Russian military jammed GPS signals during a major NATO military exercise in Norway that involved thousands of US and NATO troops, the alliance said Wednesday, citing the Norwegian government.
Russia  GPS  NATO  CNN  jamming 
november 2018 by pierredv
A survey of the existence of GPS interference in Europe « Electronic Environment
"One of the objectives of STRIKE3 is the deployment and operation of an international GNSS interference monitoring network to capture the scale and dynamics of the problem, and to work with international GNSS partners to develop, negotiate, promote and implement standards for threat reporting and receiver testing."

"This article presents measurement results from a survey of the existence of GPS interference and jammers within Europe. The measurement started in the late March 2016 and ended in the beginning of July 2016. Interference detection equipment were deployed ‘as is’ in seven European countries; Sweden, UK, France, Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia and Finland, see fig. 1. In total eleven different site locations are covered among these countries."

"there is a huge variation in the number of weekly events at each site, with some sites having only a few detections per week whereas others have several hundred ... The most active sites appear to be those next to major roads or in city center locations. These are also the busiest sites in terms of vehicles (which may carry jammers) and other sorts of activity"

", the greatest number of chirp type events (which are likely to be intentional and are associated with vehicle jammers) are seen at site 8 and site 10, with a significant number also seen at site 5. Those three sites are close to busy roads and hence that probably explains the high number of these types of events."
EU  Horizon2020  GNSS  GPS  cybersecurity  vulnerability  measurement  jamming  spectrum 
july 2018 by pierredv
Eutelsat Adopts Anti-Jamming Tech In Upcoming Satellite - Feb 2013
“This function involves embarking new-generation frequency converters behind the satellites Receive antennas,” reads Eutelsat’s press release. “This will put Eutelsat in the unique position to be able to change the frequency of an uplink signal without any impact on the downlink frequency received by user terminals, marking a major breakthrough in the bid for continuity of service for broadcast signals jammed by rogue uplink signals.”
satellite  interference  jamming  broadcasting 
may 2018 by pierredv
Military unmanned aircraft prove vulnerable to GPS jamming - Military & Aerospace Electronics - Apr 2018
According to American defense officials, the Russian military is deploying a weaponized form of GPS jamming that is effectively blocking some U.S. unmanned aircraft operations over Syria - and is even affecting drones equipped with anti-jamming technology
Russia  GPS  UAS  jamming  drones 
april 2018 by pierredv
How We Reverse Engineered the Cuban “Sonic Weapon” Attack - IEEE Spectrum
"Ultrasonic emitters can produce audible by-products that could have unintentionally harmed diplomats. That is, bad engineering may be a more likely culprit than a sonic weapon."

"Online, we found a manufacturer in Russia that sells a fashionable leather clutch that conceals an ultrasonic emitter, presumably to jam recording devices at cocktail parties. We also found electronics stores that carry high-⁠power ultrasonic jammers that cause microphones to malfunction. One advertised jammer emits 120-dB ultrasonic interference at a distance of 1 meter. "
acoustics  interference  intermodulation  IEEE-Spectrum  ultrasound  jamming  Cuba 
april 2018 by pierredv
Military Drones Prove Vulnerable to GPS Jamming - Apr 2018
"Maritime security experts have warned for years about the hazards that simple GPS jamming methods could pose to merchant shipping. According to American defense officials, the Russian military is deploying a weaponized form of GPS jamming that is effectively blocking some U.S. drone aircraft operations over Syria - and is even affecting drones equipped with anti-jamming technology. As more and more operators contemplate the deployment of autonomous vessels and aircraft in the maritime space, the vulnerability of high-specification military hardware to GPS jamming may pose a cautionary tale. "
GPS  GNSS  jamming  drones  marine  shipping  military  warfare  Russia  Syria 
april 2018 by pierredv
British zapper destroys ISIS drones in Iraq and Syria | Daily Mail Online, Oct 2017
A British 'zapper' has helped American troops destroy at least 500 ISIS drones on the frontline in Iraq and Syria, it has emerged.

The zapper - a £1.5million Anti-UAV Defence System technology - can detect and jam drone signals, essentially taking control over the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with the ability to send it crashing to the ground. 
DailyMail  ISIS  drones  jamming  UAV 
november 2017 by pierredv
Industry Experts Discuss GPS Vulnerabilities, Mitigation Techniques - Mar 2017
via Dale Hatfield

"Windstream Communications performed a study on GPS vulnerabilities and found that intentional attacks comprised just 3 percent of the cases studied. "
GPS  Windstream  Trimble  ATIS  DHS  jamming  spoofing 
march 2017 by pierredv
DHS ISSUES JAMMING RFI | Westlaw - Dec 2016
"The Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) has released a request for information (RFI) to participate in the 2017 First Responder Electronic Jamming Exercise at Idaho National Laboratory in Idaho Falls, Idaho, next July."
jamming  DHS  RFI 
january 2017 by pierredv
US Naval Observatory chooses NovAtel GPS anti-jam technology : GPS World
The United States Naval Observatory (USNO) has selected NovAtel’s GPS Anti-Jam Technology (GAJT) to satisfy a requirement for a controlled reception pattern antenna capability at sites throughout the Department of Defense Information Network (DoDIN).
GPSWorld  GPS  jamming 
october 2016 by pierredv
Spectrum Efficiency, Energy Efficiency, and Security (SpecEES): Enabling Spectrum for All (nsf16616) | NSF - National Science Foundation
"two important issues are now at the forefront of spectrum efficiency research, and at the core of the SpecEES program: security and energy efficiency."
NSF  jamming  spectrum-efficiency  spectrum 
october 2016 by pierredv
Time Synchronization in Wireless Networks - Michael Roche
Via Dale Hatfield


Time Synchronization in wireless networks is extremely important for basic communication, but it also provides the ability to detect movement, location, and proximity. The synchronization problem consists of four parts: send time, access time, propagation time, and receive time. Three current synchronization protocol Reference Broadcast Synchronization, Timing-sync Protocol for Sensor Networks, and Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol are presented and how they attempt solve the synchronization problem is also discussed. Security concerns as well as an industry case are also presented.

"These protocols were designed with performance in mind and did not take into account for security. It was shown that synchronization attacks on all these protocols were possible. Authentication, redundancy, and the refusal to pass on corrupt timing information were the countermeasure discussed. [Manzo2005]."
Time  communication  jamming  cybersecurity 
october 2016 by pierredv
IEEE Xplore Document - LTE/LTE-A jamming, spoofing, and sniffing: threat assessment and mitigation
Abstract: LTE is currently being proposed for use in a nationwide wireless broadband public safety network in the United States as well as for other critical applications where reliable communication is essential for safety. Unfortunately, like any wireless technology, disruption of these networks is possible through radio jamming. This article investigates the extent to which LTE is vulnerable to RF jamming, spoofing, and sniffing, and assesses different physical layer threats that could affect next-generation critical communication networks. In addition, we examine how sniffing the LTE broadcast messages can aid an adversary in an attack. The weakest links of LTE are identified and used to establish an overall threat assessment. Lastly, we provide a survey of LTE jamming and spoofing mitigation techniques that have been proposed in the open literature.
"more effective jamming methods can be realized by exploiting the specific protocol features of LTE"
"it is clear that LTE is highly vulnerable to adversarial jamming"
“even the most complex attacks can easily be implemented with widely available open source libraries, low-cost software radio hardware with a budget under $1500, and basic Linux programming skills.”
IEEE  IEEECommMag  LTE  jamming  spoofing  threat  SDR 
september 2016 by pierredv
GPS Under Attack as Crooks, Rogue Workers Wage Electronic War - NBC News
"Predictably, criminals have found ways to profit from GPS weaknesses with illegal jamming devices. The devices, once available only to those with considerable technical savvy, are now widely advertised on the internet for $50 or less and require no expertise to operate."
"The closest thing to official confirmation of a criminal spoofing incident came when a Homeland Security Department official said at a security conference in December that Mexican drug cartels were trying to jam and spoof GPS signals to interfere with U.S. government drones patrolling the border."
GPS  jamming  FBI  theft  crime  spoofing  NBC  SDR 
august 2016 by pierredv
Securing military GPS from spoofing and jamming vulnerabilities - Military Embedded Systems
"The U.S. NAVSTAR GPS and global navigation satellite system (GNSS) are essential to military navigation, but how secure is military GPS to spoofing and jamming threats?

The short answer is that there are numerous changes underway to make military GPS more robust to these threats, as well as efforts to develop supplemental technology capable of operating even within GPS-denied environments."
"Electrically steerable directional antennas are “the best bet to combat jamming,” according to Fischer."
GPS  jamming  spoofing  PNT  GNSS  antennas 
august 2016 by pierredv
Disruptive Robocalling - Global Guerrillas
"In my scenario, robocalling was used to shut down polling places to skew election results and plunge the US into chaos:

Robocalls pour in to police departments and polling places in heavily (Rep or Dem) polling locations with bomb/terrorist threats. Widespread poll closures occur. Calls continue until late."
hacking  jamming  spoofing  POTS  robocalling  risk-assessment 
july 2016 by pierredv
Envisioning the Hack That Could Take Down NYC -- NYMag
"No one had yet realized that New York City had just been hit by a cyberattack — or that, with the city’s water system, mass transportation, banks, emergency services, and pretty much everything else now wired together in the name of technological progress, the worst was yet to come."
"The group of European black-hat hackers who launched the attack against New York ... self-identified anarchists with a reflexively nihilistic will to power"
Interference  hacking  jamming  NYMag 
june 2016 by pierredv
Remote Attacks on Automated Vehicles Sensors: Experiments on Camera and LiDAR (pdf)
Research paper by Petit, Stottelaar, Feiri and Kargl
via Dale Hatfield, June 2016
jamming  spoofing  automation  automobile 
june 2016 by pierredv
Dronebuster will let you point and shoot command hacks at pesky drones | Ars Technica May 2016
"DroneDefender looks like some futuristic over-under, radio-frequency shotgun-grenade launcher. Targeted through a simple optical sight, the device has a range of about 400 meters. Battelle calls it a "directed RF energy weapon"—it sends out a jamming signal in the Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) bands or global positioning bands in a 30-degree cone around the point of aim."
"A version of the Dronebuster is already in the hands of some federal government customers. That device uses broadband jamming like the DroneDefender. It has the advantage of being much smaller than the DroneDefender, ... Still, its jamming technology makes it illegal to use in the US."
"Pending FCC approval of the product, Dronebuster could soon be made more widely available to local agencies and other customers."
ArsTechnica  drones  UAV  jamming  Battelle 
may 2016 by pierredv
Are GPS jammers the next frontier in cargo theft? - Aug 2014
"Two recent cargo thefts in Florida and Georgia may have given law enforcement a window into the evolving methods some thieves are using to help perpetrate the stealing of tractor-trailers and their valuable cargos.

FreightWatch International specializes in tracking supply chain information and cargo thefts around the globe. According to the company, as GPS tracking devices become more prevalent in cabs and cargos, sophisticated theft rings may be responding by deploying illegal technology used to jam or scramble the tracking signal."
GPS  jamming  theft 
march 2016 by pierredv
FBI Cyber Division Bulletin: Cargo Thieves use GPS Jammers to Mask GPS Trackers - Dec 2014
"This Private Industry Notification (PIN) highlights the use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) jammers by criminals to thwart law enforcement response and investigation into cargo thefts in the United States. Since at least February 2012, various law enforcement and private sector partners have reported that GPS tracking devices have been jammed by criminals engaged in nefarious activity including cargo theft and illicit shipping of goods. Although banned by federal law, the jammers are readily available over the Internet and easy to employ"
GPS  theft  jamming 
march 2016 by pierredv
Military spectrum management & EW challenges drive wireless monitoring tech - Cambridge Network
" As you can imagine if someone paid $48 billon for spectrum commercial enterprise they would want to recoup that cost. For example if a military platform is turned on and blanks out service to their customer base this would be unacceptable."
"For instance it is reported that the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has experienced interference issues on satellite weather data resulting in periodic data loss affecting their ability to continuously monitor regional weather events."
CRFS  spectrum  SDR  NOAA  interference  AWS-3  jamming  radar  ELINT  EW 
march 2016 by pierredv
Alleged Cell Phone Jammer Raised Eyebrows Months Before Arrest « CBS Chicago
via Dale
“I think it does go to show in terms of security and terrorist threats in any major city what any person is capable of,” said Keegan.

For months, Chicago Police investigated complaints about dropped calls on the Red Line. Then, a 911 caller flagged police about the now notorious Nicholl. Undercover officers arrested him on a CTA platform Tuesday and he is now facing a felony charge.
cellular  jamming 
march 2016 by pierredv
Car Owners Try to Foil Criminals Hacking Key Fob Signals « CBS San Francisco
"Frank Scafidi of the National Insurance Crime Bureau said key fob hacking isn’t exactly common, but it is increasing. “We’ve been seeing examples since early 2013,” Scafidi told KPIX 5 ConsumerWatch. " "And a third possibility: A jamming device combined with a code-grabber, a small gizmo that’s made overseas, costs about $100 online, and can clone a key fob code from a short distance away."
hacking  cybersecurity  automobile  key-fob  jamming 
march 2016 by pierredv
P25 digital radio systems highly vulnerable to jamming and unauthorized decryption - Nov 2011
"On August 17, 2011 at the 20th Usenix Security Symposium, Sandy Clark, Travis Goodspeed, Perry Metzger, Zachary Wasserman, Kevin Xu, and Matt Blaze presented a paper Why (Special Agent) Johnny (Still) Can’t Encrypt: A Security Analysis of the APCO Project 25 Two-Way Radio System. These noted experts conducted in-depth research on the numerous vulnerabilities of digital P25 radio systems when operated in the encrypted and clear mode. ... According to these cryptography scientists, P25 systems are strikingly vulnerable to denial of service." "... the NID is error corrected separately from the rest of the frame. This makes it possible for an attacker to effectively prevent an entire voice frame from being correctly received by synchronizing a jamming transmitter to interfere only with the 64 bit NID field"
P25  cybersecurity  vulnerability  jamming  public-safety  spectrum  hacking 
february 2016 by pierredv
Jammer Hunting with a UAV - GPS World Feb 2016
"A fully autonomous, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-based system for locating GPS jammers, currently under development, seeks to localize a jammer to within 30 meters in less than 15 minutes in an area comparable to that of an airport. Ultimately, the design team targets the ability to locate multiple, simultaneous jammers, and navigate in intermittent GPS and GPS-denied environments using a combination of GPS and alternate navigation aids. The system should be inexpensive and built from commercially available or open-source parts and software"
GPSWorld  jamming  UAV  drones 
february 2016 by pierredv
GPS Disruption Halts Ports, Endangers Ships – US Coast Guard « Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation
"At a public meeting last month, US Coast Guard officials described how interference with GPS signals disrupted operations for seven hours at a major east coast port last year."
CoastGuard  GPS  jamming  navigation  shipping 
january 2016 by pierredv
US Coast Guard issues GPS jamming alert : GPS World
"The Coast Guard states that this past summer, multiple outbound vessels from a non-U.S. port suddenly lost GPS signal reception. The net effect was various alarms and a loss of GPS input to the ship’s surface search radar, gyro units and ECDIS, resulting in no GPS data for position fixing, radar over ground speed inputs, gyro speed input and loss of collision avoidance capabilities on the radar display."
GPS  jamming  GPSWorld  CoastGuard  navigation  shipping 
january 2016 by pierredv
U.S. Says Only Jeeps Had Hacker Vulnerability Via Radios - WSJ
"But the fear of widespread vulnerability to hackers appears to be unfounded. NHTSA investigators said in documents that similar radios made by Harman International went to Volkswagen, Audi and Bentley, but that those vehicles have safety systems that would stop hackers." "The agency also said Sprint, Fiat Chrysler’s wireless provider, blocked access to a radio communications port that was unintentionally left open. The recall also included software changes that thwarted hackers, the agency said."
WSJ  hacking  jamming  Jeep  cybersecurity  NHTSA  automobile  automotive 
january 2016 by pierredv
Wave Bubble - A design for a self-tuning portable RF jammer
"While the documentation here is both accurate and complete (as much as possible), the construction of such a device is still an advanced project. I would not suggest this as even an 'intermediate' skill project, considering the large amount of difficult SMT soldering (multiple TSSOP and SOT chips, 0603 RC's), obscure parts, and equiptment necessary to properly construct and debug."
jammer  electronics  wireless  radio  jamming 
january 2016 by pierredv
Comcast's Xfinity home alarms can be disabled by wireless jammers • The Register
"Comcast's wireless home alarm systems can be trivially jammed, rendering them useless and allowing burglars to slip in undetected. By flooding the airwaves around an Xfinity Home Security System with network deauthentication frames, crooks can prevent intrusion sensors from sending data to the base station in the customer's house or apartment. This means the alarm system is cut off from its sensors, which may have detected a break-in." "Rapid7 security researcher Phil Bosco found that by jamming the 2.4GHz ZigBee radio channel used by Comcast's gear, the base station can't communicate with its sensors, and defaults to reporting a "closed" state on doors and windows, even if the sensors detect an "open" state." "the system assumes everything is OK in the event of a network collapse"
TheRegister  Comcast  jamming  hacking  ZigBee 
january 2016 by pierredv
Why Electromagnetic Spectrum Weapons Are the Future of Warfare -
"In a speech yesterday at the Association of Old Crows symposium, Clark laid out a series of scenarios to describe how the United States, Russia, and others will wage electronic warfare in the next decade and beyond. It was a preview to a report, “Winning the Airwaves: Regaining America’s Dominance in the Electromagnetic Spectrum,” that he wrote with Gunzinger and unveiled today alongside lawmakers and unveiled today at the Capitol building."
warfare  electronic-warfare  spectrum  jamming  drones 
december 2015 by pierredv
How to hack self-driving cars with a laser pointer | ZDNet
"A popular laser ranging system used by self-driving cars can be tampered with through little more than a handheld laser pointer, a researcher [Jonathan Petit] has claimed." "The researcher recorded pulses from a commercial LIDAR unit, of which the signals were then fired back -- allowing Petit to create ghost obstacles including cars, walls or people in a range of 20 to 350 meters, confusing the LIDAR system and contorting the sensor's readings. "
jamming  automobile  autonomous-vehicles  hacking 
october 2015 by pierredv
Obfuscation: how leaving a trail of confusion can beat online surveillance | Technology | The Guardian
"One new guide in the handbook tradition – and one that is decidedly on point for 2015 – is the slim, black, cloth-bound volume, Obfuscation: A User’s Guide for Privacy and Protest, published by MIT Press. A collaboration between technologist Finn Brunton and philosopher Helen Nissenbaum, both of New York University, Obfuscation packs utility, charm and conviction into its tightly-composed 100-page core. This is a thin book, but its ambition is vast."
theguardian  surveillance  jamming  obfuscation 
october 2015 by pierredv
French Security Firm: Hackers use Radio Waves to Hijack Smartphones - Oct 2015
“According to French security firm ANSSI, which made the discovery, the attackers can broadcast radio waves to mikes attached to iOS as well as Android devices. The radio waves are silent, but are so powerful that they can stimulate the specific button for activating Siri and Google Now. Using voice commands, the hackers can then proceed to wake-up Siri and Google Now and instruct the software to send personal messages, access downloaded and pre-installed apps on the device, and also open the mobile wallet,” MNR Daily Reported.
interference  jamming  hacking  Android  Siri 
october 2015 by pierredv
Open Source Firmware and the Future of Router Modification - Last Week in Tech Law and Policy, Vol. 22 | Samuelson-Glushko Technology Law & Policy Clinic (TLPC)
"Last Friday, the Federal Communications Commission closed the comment period for ET Docket No. 15-170, a controversial proceeding that may limit Wi-Fi users’ ability to install open source firmware on wireless routers. The FCC has remained adamant that their goal in this process is not to restrict users from modifying their routers, but rather to ensure that routers do not operate outside certain regulatory parameters. However, Wi-Fi users fear that the new rules may actually incentivize manufacturers to block all open source firmware from being installed on their devices rather than just limiting signal boosting capabilities or operating outside of the correct channels."
law  jamming  interference  software  Wi-Fi 
october 2015 by pierredv
Watch a Soldier Shoot Down a Drone With His Tactical Cyber Rifle - Oct 2015
"We've seen big, bulky Anti-UAV Defense Systems radio-jamming drones out of the sky before, but it looks like the Army also has a much smaller version on its hands. At this year's Association of the United States Army Annual Meeting and Exposition​ (AUSA 2015), the ​Army Cyber Institute at West Point ​was demoing a rifle-sized device that can do the same thing. " "This particular device, which took 10 hours to build and cost just about $150, uses a Raspberry Pi, Wi-Fi radio, and antenna to take advantage of a known exploit in Parrot quadcopters. The rifle shape, meanwhile, is mostly for kicks."
drones  UAV  jamming  Wi-Fi  RaspberryPi 
october 2015 by pierredv
Anti-drone rifle shoots down UAVs with radio waves
"While the US military continues to develop new and awesome ways of blowing aerial drones to smithereens, not many of these systems can easily be adapted to use in the civilian realm. That's why Battelle has developed the DroneDefender, a shoulder-mounted rifle that knocks UAVs offline with a barrage of radio waves."
engadget  UAV  drones  GPS  jamming  Battelle  video 
october 2015 by pierredv
WiFi jamming attacks more simple and cheaper than ever - Oct 2015
"A security researcher has demonstrated that jamming WiFi, Bluetooth, and Zigbee networks is not difficult to perform but, most importantly, also not as costly as one might think. According to Mathy Vanhoef, a PhD student at KU Leuven (Belgium), it can easily be done by using a Wi-Fi $15 dongle bought off Amazon, a Raspberry Pi board, and an amplifier that will broaden the range of the attack to some 120 meters."
jamming  Wi-Fi  interference 
october 2015 by pierredv
Manchester car park lock hack leads to horn-blare hoo-ha • The Register
"No one at the Manchester Fort Shopping Park, in north Manchester, was able to lock their car's doors on Sunday evening as a result of the attack by persons as-yet unknown." - "Thieves jam radio frequency signals using the device so that when a mark attempts to lock their car with a remote fob, the signal is lost and the car doesn’t actually lock, leaving thieves free to plunder its contents. The same devices allow crooks to bypass car coding and re-program vehicles before driving off in them." - "It’s basically the opposite of the amplification attack carried out against keyless entry cars . . . There have been a spate of thefts reported which appear to be linked to devices used to amplify the signal from your keys whilst in your house. The car unlocks outside on your drive, as it thinks the key is now within range, the thief gets in and drives off"
TheRegister  jamming  cars  locks 
may 2015 by pierredv
Zoologger: Bats jam each other's sonar to steal meals - life - 06 November 2014 - New Scientist
"Now there's evidence to suggest that bats are sneakily using sonar jamming techniques to make their fellow hunters miss their tasty targets." "Previous research has shown that Mexican free-tailed bats can get around this jamming by switching to higher pitches. Using different sound frequencies to map the hunting grounds around them allows many bats to hunt in the same space." "But it's a game that one insect has evolved to get in on too. Grote's bertholdia moth (Bertholdia trigona) is the only moth known to jam bat echolocation to protect itself from being caught and eaten."
NewScientist  bats  jamming  sonar 
december 2014 by pierredv
SWATs, SWEATERs, and ANSWERs: Air Force gets serious about spectrum warfare
"First, the term "spectrum warfare" is evolving quickly well-understood mainstream usage, and second, spectrum warfare rapidly is taking its place as a top U.S. military priority. For the uninitiated, spectrum warfare is an umbrella term that comprises the hitherto separate military disciplines of electronic warfare, cyber warfare, optical warfare, and navigation warfare."
USAF  spectru-warfare  war  cyberwar  navigation  jamming  EW  electronic-warfare 
november 2014 by pierredv
GINCAN - Bolt-on GPS Anti-jamming Unit - Chemring Technology Solutions
via Dale Hatfield, July 2014 "Building on its 20 year history in electronic warfare, Roke has added to its portfolio with the smallest GPS anti-jamming device on the market. The GINCAN product offers a bolt-on anti-jamming unit – simply remove the old GPS antenna from your receiver, and replace it with the GINCAN module and its antenna." "Roke's LOCATE Micro technology can visually locate the position of multiple GPS jammers very accurately, to find out exactly who has jamming equipment in use. LOCATE Micro uses advanced geolocation techniques combined with a real-time video camera display to indicate where the jammers are, even when jammers are on the move. LOCATE Micro is ideal for road monitoring and enforcement, crowd situations and events."
GPS  jamming  Roke  GINCAN 
july 2014 by pierredv
FCC to Fine Chinese Jammer Retailer $34.9M for Online U.S. Sales : GPS World
"The Federal Communications Commission plans to issue the largest fine in its history against C.T.S. Technology Co., Limited, a Chinese electronics manufacturer and online retailer, for allegedly marketing 285 models of signal jamming devices to U.S. consumers for more than two years. The FCC applied the maximum fine allowed to each jammer model allegedly marketed by C.T.S., resulting in a planned fine of $34,912,500."
GPSWorld  FCC  jamming  GPS  enforcement 
july 2014 by pierredv
DARPA wants more efficient, jam-resistant RF communications -- Defense Systems
"For over a century the military has used radio frequencies for communications, command and control, navigation and radar detection. As the RF spectrum gets more crowded, and as the Defense Department’s reliance on it increases, the military has to deal with two problems: malicious jamming and signal fratricide. In an effort to find solutions to these problems, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has released a presolicitation for advanced microsystems and techniques for jamming-resistant RF communications under its Hyper-wideband Enabled RF Messaging (HERMES) program."
DARPA  HERMES  jamming  RF  communications 
july 2014 by pierredv
How America's Soldiers Fight for the Spectrum on the Battlefield | Threat Level |
"It is well known that America’s military dominates both the air and the sea. What’s less celebrated is that the US has also dominated the spectrum, a feat that is just as critical to the success of operations. Communications, navigation, battlefield logistics, precision munitions—all of these depend on complete and unfettered access to the spectrum, territory that must be vigilantly defended from enemy combatants. " "Yet despite the importance of this crucial resource, America’s grip on the spectrum has never been more tenuous." "The American military is scrambling to develop new tools and techniques that will help it preserve its electromagnetic edge. But that edge continues to shrink by the day, and very soon our inability to completely control the spectrum might result in a different kind of war."
history  spectrum  jamming  ex  Wired  via  Robert  Horvitz  cyberwar  Iraq  China  Afghanistan  GPS 
february 2014 by pierredv
Expert Advice: The Low Cost of Protecting America : GPS World
"The U.S. National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Advisory Board published a seminal white paper in 2010 on the topic, strongly recommending the establishment of an eLoran system." "A well-configured eLoran system can provide navigation accuracy to within 8 to 10 meters and timing accuracy to within 30 nanoseconds. This meets the needs of an estimated 95 percent of users in the United States." "There are also signs that the U.S. intelligence, cyber, and defense communities are becoming more and more concerned. North Korea’s repeated jamming of satellite navigation and timing signals has delivered a particularly powerful lesson. South Korea has reacted by committing to establishment of a robust eLoran system. The UK has established an eLoran system and is expanding it. Russia and China have retained their versions "
GPS  GPSWorld  eLoran  navigation  public  private  partnership  jamming  aviation  spoofing  NPEC  DHS  DoD  South  Korea 
february 2014 by pierredv
Critical infrastructure not prepared for GPS disruption -- GCN
In its report, GPS Disruptions: Efforts to Assess Risks to Critical Infrastructure and Coordinate Agency Actions Should Be Enhanced, GAO recommends that DHS produce a more reliable assessment of the risks of GPS disruption together with metrics for the effectiveness of risk mitigation and that the two departments establish a formal agreement laying out roles and responsibilities.
disruption  jamming  GPS  GAO 
november 2013 by pierredv
Kumu claims its self-interference solution doubles capacity - FierceWireless:Tech Oct 2013
"Kumu Networks, a startup formed by Stanford University researchers, asserts it has found the key to "wireless full duplex".... The company claims there are some initial applications that can employ its approach without modifying existing technical standards. One area is backhaul, both for macro cells and small cells... According to Kumu, its self-interference cancellation can also improve Wi-Fi quality of service at crowded venues such as stadiums. Further, the technology can act as a "software configurable filter" to facilitate global LTE roaming and sharing of TV white space spectrum sharing. Yet another application involves jamming enemy radios, and only enemy radios, which are used to activate remote improvised explosive devices (IEDs)."
self-interference-cancellation  Kumu  wireless-backhaul  jamming  LTE  Wi-Fi  FierceWireless 
october 2013 by pierredv
GPS Jammers Could Knock Out Signals in a Medium-Sized City -
"A single well-placed GPS jammer or spoofer could disrupt signals in an entire region of the United States, an official from the Homeland Security Department told a GPS conference in Nashville, Tenn. At the same time, the U.S. still “lacks the capability to rapidly detect and geo-locate jamming or spoofing of GPS services,” DHS program manager John Merrill told the annual meeting of the Civil Global Positioning System Service Interface Committee Logan Scott [said] that a GPS jammer with one-tenth of a watt of transmit power has a range of 9.4 miles, a one watt jammer, 29.8 miles, and a fen watt jammer, 94.2 miles"
ex  NextGov  interference  jamming  GPS 
september 2013 by pierredv
Man buys GPS jammer to duck employer, jams his local airport instead - Electronic Products = Aug 2013
New Jersey trucker installed GPS jammer, "Bojczack was tracked down by federal agents and fined $31,875. If that wasn’t bad enough, then he got fired from his job for putting a GPS jammer on his vehicle in the first place."
aviation  jamming  GPS 
august 2013 by pierredv
Yacht Captain Dares Researchers to Trick His GPS, Gets Unwelcome Result | MIT Technology Review August 2013
"University of Texas researchers recently tricked the navigation system of an $80 million yacht and sent the ship off course in an experiment that showed how any device with civilian GPS technology is vulnerable to a practice called spoofing."
spoofing  jamming  MIT-Technology-Review  GPS  maritime 
august 2013 by pierredv
GPS jamming: Out of sight | The Economist July 2013
"EVERY day for up to ten minutes near the London Stock Exchange, someone blocks signals from the global positioning system (GPS) network of satellites. The most likely culprit ... is a delivery driver dodging his bosses’ attempts to track him." "In April South Korea announced plans for a network of 43 eLoran (enhanced long-range navigation) ground-based radio towers, based on technology first used in the second world war. It uses a far stronger signal than GPS, and should give pilots and ships’ captains a safer alternative by 2016. With Chinese and Russian help, South Korea hopes to expand coverage across the region. Britain’s General Lighthouse Authorities (GLA) are following suit with seven new eLoran stations. " "DARPA has an experimental “single-chip timing and inertial measurement unit” (TIMU). When finished, according to the project’s boss, Andrei Shkel, it will use tiny gyroscopes and accelerometers to track its position without using satellites or radio towers."
TIMU  eLoran  interference  jamming  GPS  DARPA  inertial  navigation  South  Korea 
august 2013 by pierredv
GPS and shipboard TV (DOC) - Steve Harding, The Digital Ship
"The US Coastguard has announced that shipboard terrestrial TV antennas (not satellite antennas) may interfere with GPS causing a position reading 600 feet inaccurate. This is of great concern, writes Steve Harding "
cellular  shipping  navigation  jamming  GPS  intermodulation  700MHz  TV 
april 2013 by pierredv
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