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Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency | US-CERT
On November 16, 2018, the President signed into law the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018. This Act elevates the mission of the former Department of Homeland Security (DHS) National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) and establishes the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). CISA is responsible for protecting the Nation's critical infrastructure from physical and cyber threats, a mission that requires effective coordination and collaboration among a broad spectrum of government and private sector organizations.
cybersecurity  US  USGovernment  legislation 
march 2019 by pierredv
Senate Reintroduces IoT Cybersecurity Improvement Act | Global Policy Watch Mar 2019
On March 11, 2019, a bipartisan group of lawmakers including Sen. Mark Warner and Sen. Cory Gardner introduced the Internet of Things (IoT) Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2019. The Act seeks “[t]o leverage Federal Government procurement power to encourage increased cybersecurity for Internet of Things devices.” In other words, this bill aims to shore up cybersecurity requirements for IoT devices purchased and used by the federal government, with the aim of affecting cybersecurity on IoT devices more broadly.To accomplish this goal, the Act puts forth several action items for the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (“NIST”) and the Office of Management and Budget (“OMB”). Details of these action items and their deadlines are discussed below.
Covington  IoT  cybersecurity  legislation 
march 2019 by pierredv
The CLOUD Act was just signed into law: Here’s what you need to know - ExpressVPN Mar 2018
Tucked discreetly amid the 2,232-page government spending bill is a small provision that promises catastrophic consequences. Known as the CLOUD Act (Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data), this legislature reverses any incremental progress governments have taken toward global privacy over the last few years.
ExpressVPN  privacy  surveillance  legislation 
january 2019 by pierredv
LeClairRyan | The FAA Reauthorization Act: What is in it and what does it mean for you? Oct 2018
Mark Dombroff, Mark McKinnon, and special guest panelist Jim Williams of JHW Unmanned Solutions LLC will unpack the hundreds of pages of legislation, explain what it means for the aviation industry, and explore its impact on the following areas:

• Integration of unmanned aircraft into the National Airspace System,
• Changes to aircraft certification requirements and procedures,
• The FAA’s ongoing restructuring efforts,
• Revisions to rest and duty rules for flight crews,
• Modifications to the Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP),
• Efforts to strengthen cybersecurity,
• New studies and regulations affecting privacy,
• Changes to passenger rights,
• Funding for the Airport Improvement Program,
• Changes to the regulation of model aircraft.
LeClairRyan  UAS  UAV  drones  legislation  presentations 
october 2018 by pierredv
47 U.S. Code § 765f - Satellite auctions | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commission shall not have the authority to assign by competitive bidding orbital locations or spectrum used for the provision of international or global satellite communications services. The President shall oppose in the International Telecommunication Union and in other bilateral and multilateral fora any assignment by competitive bidding of orbital locations or spectrum used for the provision of such services.
satellite  auctions  legislation 
september 2018 by pierredv
Commercial space bill clears Senate committee - SpaceNews.com Aug 2018
"The Senate Commerce Committee approved a bill Aug. 1 that would streamline commercial launch and remote sensing regulations but also includes language conflicting with a House bill. The committee favorably reported S. 3277, the Space Frontier Act of 2018, on a voice vote without any members speaking out against it. "

"The revised version leaves in place a section that gives the Department of Transportation, though the Federal Aviation Administration, the ability to use the payload review portion of the launch licensing process to authorize non-traditional space activities that are not overseen by other agencies. "

"The second [approved amendment], by Sen. Gary Peters (D-Mich.), calls on the U.S. government to develop “consistent standards across Federal agencies” to minimize the risks posed by orbital debris. "
SpaceNews  legislation  space  commerce  orbital-debris 
august 2018 by pierredv
Senate introduces bill to streamline commercial space regulations - SpaceNews.com, Jul 2018
"Three senators introduced legislation July 25 to reform commercial space regulations, including a provision that conflicts with language in a bill passed by the House. The Space Frontier Act, S. 3277, primarily focuses on reforms to regulation of commercial launches and remote sensing. It includes language calling for streamlining of processes for licensing launches and reentries as well as for licensing remote sensing spacecraft."

"Many of the bill’s provisions are in line both with Space Policy Directive (SPD) 2, signed by President Trump in May, and the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act, a bill that the House approved in April. "

"The Senate, though, differs with the House and the White House in one area, authorization of so-called “non-traditional” commercial space activities... The House bill gives that authority to the Commerce Department while SPD-2 endorsed more generally the creation of a “one-stop shop” for most commercial space regulations in that department. The Senate bill, though, would give that authority to the FAA, though the Department of Transportation."

"The Senate bill does have the support of the leadership of the House Transportation Committee."
SpaceNews  legislation  space  commerce  FAA  DoC 
july 2018 by pierredv
House Science Committee approves space traffic management bill - SpaceNews.com June 2018
"The House Science Committee approved a bill June 27 that would give the Commerce Department new responsibilities for space traffic management despite opposition by some Democrats that the bill “rubber stamps” the administration’s space policy. The committee favorably reported on a voice vote H.R. 6226, the American Space Situational Awareness and Framework for Entity (SAFE) Management Act.

The legislation, announced by the committee June 22, would authorize the Commerce Department to provide space traffic management services, such as collision warnings, to civil and commercial satellite operators within one year of the bill’s enactment.

The bill authorizes NASA to develop a space traffic management science and technology plan, outlining research to be done to improve work in the area. It also calls on the Commerce Department to develop a pilot program for space traffic coordination."
space  SpaceNews  legislation  STM 
june 2018 by pierredv
Intelsat's FCC Pipedream - Intelsat SA (NYSE:I) | Seeking Alpha, Paul Litchfield, June 2018
Via Rich Lee

"The Mobile NOW Act, passed in March of last year, instructed the FCC to make available at least 255MHz below the 6GHz frequency by the end of 2020, with a goal of making 500MHz available."

"You can see from these points that the satellite companies really do not have much to offer that is of value to the mobile companies or the FCC and thus their proposal is very unlikely to be accepted."

(p. 5)"SES investors have heeded their CEO's advice and built in only a very small premium for any potential FCC windfalls, in stark contrast to the gargantuan gains racked up by Intelsat."

(p. 5) "However, for the sake of argument, let’s assume that the satellite companies are somehow able to accomplish the herculean task of fixing all these six problems. They offer to vacate at least 300MHz of spectrum, they are able to trample the rights of the FS companies, they convince the FCC to act in a seemingly unfair, legally challengeable manner, they get all the other satellite companies on board and they manage to convince the mobile companies to pay for something that they don’t need (satellite service licenses) for time periods that are too short and for licenses that have already expired. In that case, how does this proposal look compared to the usual ways of vacating spectrum?"
Intelsat  investing  spectrum  5G  satellite  legislation  SeekingAlpha  SES  cellular 
june 2018 by pierredv
NASA, Defense Department support giving space traffic management role to Commerce - SpaceNews.com June 2018
"At a rare joint hearing of the strategic forces subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee and space subcommittee of the House Science Committee June 22, officials said they backed the plan in Space Policy Directive 3 announced four days earlier to give Commerce Department authority to provide safety-related space situational awareness data to civil and commercial satellite operators."
space  SpaceNews  legislation  DoC  NASA  DoD 
june 2018 by pierredv
Unlicensed Spectrum Provisions in 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill | SpectrumTalk - The MSS Blog, March 2018
"On March 23 POTUS signed into law the 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill. As a public service, we are providing to the telecom community the sections that deals with telecom issues so readers don't have to plow through all 2000 pages. The index of the telecom provisions is given above.

Since CTIA and NAB will quickly tell their members about the sections that direction affect them - while they claim credit for these provisions, we will not address such issues here. Rather we will focus here on the unlicensed spectrum issues in the new law."
spectrum  legislation  Mike-Marcus  unlicensed 
june 2018 by pierredv
Defense Department turning over space traffic management to Commerce, but details still unclear - SpaceNews.com May 2018
"Although there is overall agreement on the transfer of responsibilities, the specifics of who will do what may take years to sort out. DoD has deep expertise in “space situational awareness,” or SSA, whereas Commerce faces a steep learning curve."

"DoD holds the SSA authority and public service responsibility under section 2274 of Title 10 of the U.S. Code"

"The chairman’s mark of the Fiscal Year 2019 National Defense Authorization Act unveiled on Monday includes language that lays a path for the implementation."

"The space catalog is maintained by the Joint Space Operations Center at Vandenberg Air Force Base, which is part of U.S. Strategic Command. The center operates the Space Surveillance Network, a worldwide system of ground-based radars along with ground-based and orbital telescopes."

"There are 1,500 active satellites on orbit today. DoD monitors about 20,000 objects in space that are 10 cm or larger."

"There are still questions on who will perform specific duties such as operating sensors, Loverro noted. When there are two satellites coming close to each other, somebody has to “task” a sensor to go take measurements and calculate distances between objects."
SSA  STM  DoD  DoC  space  legislation  orbital-debris 
may 2018 by pierredv
FAA reauthorization bill boosts commercial space office - SpaceNews.com Apr 2018
A reauthorization bill for the Federal Aviation Administration passed by the House April 27 includes several provisions intended to support its commercial spaceflight activities, including a major increase in authorized spending levels. ... Several amendments approved by the House during its debate, though, involve the FAA’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation, or AST, and its role in regulating commercial spaceflight.

A manager’s amendment introduced by Rep. Bill Shuster (R-Pa.), chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, and passed on a voice vote April 26 included among its provisions a sizable increase in authorized funding levels for AST. The bill raises AST’s authorized budget from its 2018 level of just under $22.6 million to more than $33 million in 2019, with further increases to nearly $76 million by 2023. ... However, appropriators are not bound to fund the office, or other parts of the FAA, at levels stated in the bill.

establish an “Office of Spaceports” within AST
SpaceNews  FAA  space  legislation  AST 
april 2018 by pierredv
Support Grows for the NASA Authorization Act of 2018 | Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
Apr 19, 2018 Press Release
WASHINGTON - The U.S. House Science, Space, and Technology Committee today announced growing support for the NASA Authorization Act of 2018 (H.R. 5503). The committee approved the legislation Tuesday by a bipartisan vote of 26-7.
space  NASA  legislation 
april 2018 by pierredv
House Approves American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act | Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
Apr 24, 2018 Press Release
WASHINGTON – The U.S. House of Representatives today unanimously passed the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act (H.R. 2809), which simplifies and strengthens the space-based remote sensing regulatory system, enhances U.S. compliance with international obligations, improves national security and removes regulatory barriers facing new and innovative space operators.
space  legislation  remote-sensing  EO 
april 2018 by pierredv
House passes commercial space regulatory bill - SpaceNews.com - Apr 2018
"The House of Representatives approved legislation April 24 that would reform commercial remote sensing regulation and create a licensing regime for “non-traditional” commercial space activities."

"The House approved on a voice vote H.R. 2809, the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act"

"Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Texas), chairman of the House Science Committee,... he claimed, removed uncertainty regarding who would regulate emerging commercial space applications, ranging from satellite servicing to lunar landers, that don’t clearly fall into areas already overseen by the [FAA, FCC and NOAA], which today license launches, satellite communications and commercial remote sensing, respectively. "

"bill gives the Office of Space Commerce within the Department of Commerce the authority to issue “certifications” for space objects not otherwise licensed by the FAA or the FCC"

"reforms commercial remote sensing regulations, moving licensing of those spacecraft from NOAA’s Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs office to the Office of Space Commerce"

"easily cleared the House, its future is less certain. The Senate has been working on its own commercial space bill, led by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas), chairman of the Senate space subcommittee."
SpaceNews  legislation  space  DoC  NOAA  FAA  FCC 
april 2018 by pierredv
House committee approved revised NASA authorization bill - SpaceNews.com Apr 2018
"The House Science Committee, after some unusual last-minute drama, approved a NASA authorization bill April 17 that offers more support to the agency’s Earth science program."

Ranking member "criticized the content of the bill, including both Earth science cuts and its endorsement of administration’s space exploration plans without any hearings by the committee to discuss them"

"manager’s amendment also replaced language in the original bill directing NASA to use commercial space products and in-space infrastructure with language instead requiring NASA to prepare a report on the potential use of such commercial capabilities"

"Other amendments approved [included] a reaffirmation of the risks of orbital debris,..."
SpaceNews  space  legislation 
april 2018 by pierredv
NASA authorization bill increases emphasis on commercial partnerships - SpaceNews.com April 2018
"A NASA authorization bill to be considered by the House next week would direct NASA to work more closely with commercial partners in areas ranging from Earth observation to deep space exploration.

The NASA Authorization Act of 2018, introduced by Rep. Brian Babin (R-Texas), chairman of the House space subcommittee, was released April 13. The legislation is scheduled to be marked up by the full House Science Committee on April 17."

"One part of the bill, titled “Commercial,” includes a number of sections directing NASA to make use of commercial capabilities in future exploration missions."

"The bill’s commercial language is not limited to space systems. The U.S., the bill states, “should foster the development of U.S. private sector remote sensing capabilities and analyses that can satisfy the public interest in long-term continuous collection of medium-resolution land remote sensing data.”"
SpaceNews  legislation  space  NASA  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing 
april 2018 by pierredv
NOAA speeds up remote sensing license reviews amid broader regulatory changes - SpaceNews.com
"The small office that currently handles licensing of commercial remote sensing systems says it’s made major progress in processing license applications, even as the government moves ahead with broader reforms."

2015: avg 210 days
2016: avg 140 days

"One reason for the decreased review time is the establishment of a memorandum of understanding last year involving the Departments of Commerce, State, Defense and Interior, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, establishing procedures for interagency reviews for commercial remote sensing license applications."

"Some changes will require legislation, and the recommendation called on the Commerce Department to develop a legislative proposal “that would further enable the rapid, efficient, and predictable permitting of commercial remote sensing activities” by July 1."

"Congress has already been looking into legislative reform of the commercial remote sensing licensing process. The House Science Committee favorably reported last June the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act, which includes provisions to streamline licensing of such systems. The Senate has been drafting its own commercial space legislation that is also expected to address regulatory reform."
SpaceNews  NOAA  EO  remote-sensing  space  satellite  legislation  DoC  DoD  StateDepartment  DNI 
april 2018 by pierredv
CLOUD Act Creates New Framework for Cross-Border Data Access | Global Policy Watch Mar 2018
"On March 23, 2018, Congress passed, and President Trump signed into law, the Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data (“CLOUD”) Act, which creates a new framework for government access to data held by technology companies worldwide.The CLOUD Act, enacted as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, has two components."

Part I:  Extraterritorial Reach of U.S. Orders and Comity Rights for Providers

Part II: Framework for Bilateral Agreements on Cross-Border Data Requests
Covington  data  cybersecurity  legislation  privacy 
march 2018 by pierredv
Five Satellite Highlights from the FY2018 Omnibus Bill - Via Satellite - Mar 2018
"two clear winners were NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which received $20.7 billion and $1.85 billion respectively. Here are a few of the programs that got the most significant boost in funding:"

=Commercial Earth Observation
= Wideband Global Satcom satellites, WGS 11 and WGS 12
= GOES-R/JPSS
= James Webb Space Telescope
= Earth science
ViaSatellite  legislation  NASA  EarthObservation  EO  NOAA 
march 2018 by pierredv
Commerce Department pressing ahead with commercial space regulatory reform - SpaceNews.com Mar 2018
"Wilbur Ross said he has support within his own department, and elsewhere in government, to start enacting reforms that would make the department a “one-stop shop” for most commercial space regulatory activities."

"A House bill introduced last year, the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act, proposes some commercial remote sensing regulatory reforms, while the Senate is working on its version of commercial space legislation. The Senate effort is led by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas), chairman of the space subcommittee of the Senate Commerce Committee."
space  SpaceNews  DoC  NOAA  commerce  legislation  Wilbur-Ross 
march 2018 by pierredv
47 U.S. Code § 307 - Licenses | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
(a) Grant
The Commission, if public convenience, interest, or necessity will be served thereby, subject to the limitations of this chapter, shall grant to any applicant therefor a station license provided for by this chapter.

(b) Allocation of facilities
In considering applications for licenses, and modifications and renewals thereof, when and insofar as there is demand for the same, the Commission shall make such distribution of licenses, frequencies, hours of operation, and of power among the several States and communities as to provide a fair, efficient, and equitable distribution of radio service to each of the same.
legislation  Spectrum  spectrum-efficiency  licensing  47USC 
february 2018 by pierredv
47 U.S. Code § 301 - License for radio communication or transmission of energy | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
"It is the purpose of this chapter, among other things, to maintain the control of the United States over all the channels of radio transmission; and to provide for the use of such channels, but not the ownership thereof, by persons for limited periods of time, under licenses granted by Federal authority, and no such license shall be construed to create any right, beyond the terms, conditions, and periods of the license."
US  spectrum  legislation  ownership  property-rights  47USC  licensing  statute 
august 2017 by pierredv
Fate of US spectrum bills could rest with House of Representatives — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"Five spectrum-related measures are pending in Congress. Yet despite Senate interest in pushing what is generally seen as bipartisan legislation, there are questions about whether House Republicans will play ball."

"The bills are the Mobile Now Act (S.19); the Federal Spectrum Incentive Act of 2017 (H.R. 1888); the Rural Spectrum Accessibility Act (H.R. 1814); the Developing Innovation and Growing the Internet of Things Act (DIGIT) (S.88); and the newly introduced Advancing Innovation and Reinvigorating Widespread Access to Viable Electromagnetic Spectrum (AIRWAVES) Act (S.1682)."
PolicyTracker  legislation  US  Congress  spectrum 
august 2017 by pierredv
Senators’ proposal gets wide praise for making more spectrum available for commercial use | FierceWireless
"The Advancing Innovation and Reinvigorating Widespread Access to Viable Electromagnetic Spectrum (AIRWAVES) Act, introduced by Senators Cory Gardner (R-Colo.) and Maggie Hassan (D-N.H.), encourages the federal government to continue to free up spectrum for commercial licensed and unlicensed use and includes a proposal to take a portion of the spectrum auction proceeds to fund wireless infrastructure in unserved and underserved areas."

"The AIRWAVES Act is garnering support from groups as diverse as CTIA, the Competitive Carriers Association (CCA) and Public Knowledge—groups that don’t always see eye to eye on spectrum issues."
legislation  FierceWireless  spectrum 
august 2017 by pierredv
Text detective can unmask the secret influencers behind US laws - New Scientist Nov 2015
"The Legislative Influence Detector scours the text of US bills, searching for passages that have been cribbed from lobbyists or the legislatures of other states"
"Software can scrutinise legislative bills, working out the source of the text. It could allow voters to see who actually determines what goes into bills."
"researchers at the University of Chicago’s Data Science for Social Good programme have created the Legislative Influence Detector. This scours the text of US bills, searching for passages that have been cribbed from lobbyists or the legislatures of other states."
"To get the real story behind a bill, the software digs through 500,000 state bills, as well as thousands of pieces of text drafted by lobbyist groups that were saved into a database. An algorithm then calculates the top 100 documents most relevant to the bill in question before examining each one more closely, searching for passages the two have in common."
NewScientist  lobbying  legislation  automation  law  data-mining 
april 2016 by pierredv
Radiocommunications Act 1989 No 148 (as at 26 September 2013), Public Act 2 Interpretation – New Zealand Legislation
Key defintions, note protection limit: ** power floor means the minimum level of emissions, expressed in terms of e.i.r.p., specified in a record of management rights ** protection area means the area or location described in a radio licence or a spectrum licence where the rightholder or holder of a radio licence has the right to have no harmful interference ** protection limit, in relation to a record of management rights, means the limit specified in that record of management rights as the limit that no adjacent frequencies emission limit on any other record of management rights may exceed in relation to any frequency within the range of frequencies to which the first-mentioned record of management rights relates
spectrum  newzealand  legislation 
november 2013 by pierredv
Walden, Kinzinger Prep FCC Reform Bill - 2013-07-08 23:39:23 | Broadcasting & Cable
"According to a copy of draft FCC reform legislation from House Communications Subcommittee chairman Greg Walden (R-Ore.) and subcommittee member Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-Ill.), House Republicans will again try to force the FCC to justify new regs and speed up its decision making. It would also decentralize power over the FCC agenda"
reform  Congress  legislation  FCC 
july 2013 by pierredv
Drones over U.S. get OK by Congress - Washington Times
The FAA Reauthorization Act, which President Obama is expected to sign, also orders the Federal Aviation Administration to develop regulations for the testing and licensing of commercial drones by 2015.
drones  UAV  usa  legislation  x:washingtontimes 
april 2012 by pierredv
Why parents help their children lie to Facebook about age: Unintended consequences of the ‘Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act’ - boyd, Argittai, Schultz, Palfrey
Abstract "Facebook, like many communication services and social media sites, uses its Terms of Service (ToS) to forbid children under the age of 13 from creating an account. ... Yet in spite of such restrictions, research suggests that millions of underage users circumvent this rule and sign up for accounts on Facebook. ... Our data suggest that, by creating a context in which companies choose to restrict access to children, COPPA inadvertently undermines parents’ ability to make choices and protect their children’s data. Our data have significant implications for policy–makers, particularly in light of ongoing discussions surrounding COPPA and other age–based privacy laws."
ex  FirstMonday  uSA  legislation  privacy  COPPA  children 
november 2011 by pierredv
obligations of private wireless licensees under Section 310(d) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. § 310(d)
obligations of private wireless licensees under Section 310(d) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. § 310(d)
FCC  communications  regulation  FAQ  legislation 
may 2011 by pierredv
One Step Forward, Five Steps Back: An Analysis of the Draft Privacy Legislation | The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation
ITIF analysis of Boucher-Stearns, May 2010
Crux of argument: "However, much of the concern over data privacy is speculative and consumers have experienced few, if any, harms because of the current privacy laws. Before Congress enacts new laws, it should first demonstrate that better enforcement of existing privacy regulations are insufficient to protect consumers"
privacy  policy  legislation  x:itif 
may 2010 by pierredv
Regulations.gov
find, view, and comment on Federal regulations and other Federal actions
government  legislation  regulation  resource 
may 2009 by pierredv
Use of minimum power - 47 USC 324
"In all circumstances, except in case of radio communications or signals relating to vessels in distress, all radio stations, including those owned and operated by the United States, shall use the minimum amount of power necessary to carry out the communication desired."
communications  wireless  legislation 
january 2009 by pierredv
US CODE: Title 47,324. Use of minimum power
"all radio stations ... shall use the minimum amount of power necessary to carry out the communication desired"
wireless  regulation  legislation  radio 
january 2009 by pierredv
RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS ACT 1992
Note: The following amendments (No. 17, 2006 and No. 86, 2006 and No. 120, 2006 and No. 128, 2006) have not been incorporated
australia  legislation  regulation  wireless 
september 2008 by pierredv
United States Early Radio History
Thomas H White: Articles and extracts about early radio and related technologies, concentrating on the United States in the period from 1897 to 1927
radio  history  RF  legislation  wireless 
february 2008 by pierredv
1912 Radio Act
August 13, 1912 Act to regulate radio communication
policy  wireless  radio  communications  regulation  legislation 
february 2008 by pierredv

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