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pierredv : licensing   32

UK regulator seeks to make spectrum sharing easier in mobile bands | PolicyTracker: spectrum news, research and training
"UK regulator Ofcom has proposed new measures to facilitate spectrum sharing in mobile bands, authorising third parties to “exploit” unused awarded spectrum.

A recent consultation proposes a plan which would allow new users to lease prime mobile spectrum in locations where there would be no adverse impact on incumbent licensees, as Ofcom considers this will stimulate services useful to vertical industries and other use cases. "
PolicyTracker  Ofcom  spectrum-sharing  licensing  secondary-licenses 
february 2019 by pierredv
EU institutions reach agreement on Electronic Communications Code | PolicyTracker June 2018
"It adds that countries must allow the use of at least 1 GHz of the 26 GHz band, provided there is clear evidence of market demand and no significant constraints from existing users. The 32 GHz and the 40 GHz bands have also been identified as priority bands for 5G deployment.

The code says the EU welcomes increased cooperation among member states in spectrum management but underlines that spectrum usage varies across the Union and that flexibility for national governments must be preserved. For instance, the EECC proposes that the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) will issue standardised declarations for service providers, but national regulatory authorities (NRAs) will continue to have the lead role in general authorisations. "

“Peer review should contribute to a better exchange of best practices between Member States and increase transparency… but it should not be a formal condition of national authorisation procedures,” the draft document says. The peer review of national spectrum assignments will be led by the European Commission’s advisory body the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG), not BEREC.

"The decision to increase spectrum licences to 20 years, short of the 25 years the industry wanted, aims to secure return on investment."
EU  PolicyTracker  Europe  spectrum  BEREC  regulations  mmwave  RSPG  licensing  spectrum-licensing 
june 2018 by pierredv
Spectrum management approaches for E-BAND (70/80GHz) in selected markets - Reports - Content | EPiServer Site
"This latest report explores how E-band frequencies have been licensed for use in selected markets around the world and identifies the regulatory regimes best suited to current and future uses of the band. ... Internationally, E-band includes the frequencies from 71–76GHz and from 81–86GHz."

"As highlighted by the report, this combination of attractive channel characteristics and easy interference management offers significant opportunities for regulators to implement simplified coordination mechanisms for the licensing of links in E-band, compared to other frequency bands used for point-to-point services.

Adopting flexible, lightly licensed approaches when allocating these frequencies, as implemented in a number of leading countries such as the US, the UK and very recently Nigeria, to avoid the need for fully coordinated, interference-managed approaches to assignment, could unlock the significant potential of the E-band for innovative broadband communications."
AnalysysMason  E-band  light-licensing  licensing 
may 2018 by pierredv
[pdf] Managed Spectrum Park Allocation Rules 2015 - managed-spectrum-park-allocation-rules
Radio Spectrum Management; Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment

"A Managed Spectrum Park (MSP) has been established to allow access to a number of users in a common band of spectrum on a shared and, as far as possible, self-managed basis. The objective of MSPs is to encourage the efficient use of spectrum, innovation and flexibility, and to provide for low-cost compliance and administration. The 45 MHz allocated for the MSP is located at 2575 - 2620 MHz, although 5 MHz is required for a guard band at the lower boundary of the allocated frequency. The effective bandwidth available for services in the MSP is therefore 40 MHz, at 2580 - 2620 MHz."
NewZealand  spectrum  allocation  licensing  light-licensing 
may 2018 by pierredv
FCC tells Eutelsat that Intelsat already called dibs on U.S. orbital slot - May 2018
"The U.S. Federal Communications Commission rejected a Eutelsat application for a satellite that would use the same spectrum as one planned by Intelsat. Eutelsat and Intelsat both told the FCC they wanted to field a new telecom satellite near 133 degrees west longitude to serve the U.S. market. Intelsat filed its application last May, some eight months ahead of Eutelsat, however. "

"Eutelsat, which says its filings at the United Nation’s International Telecommunication Union predate any filings supporting Intelsat’s Galaxy-15R, has not given up on securing the rights to the slot."
SpaceNews  Intelsat  Eutelsat  licensing  FCC  ITU-R 
may 2018 by pierredv
Part of FCC order says ‘no’ to mobile industry trade groups, sticks with sharing in 37 GHz band | FierceWireless May 2018
"... the FCC rejected recommendations by CTIA, CCA, 5G Americas and T-Mobile to adopt exclusive area licensing in the 37-37.6 GHz band. Instead, the commission said it’s sticking with its previous plan and finds it’s in the public interest to license a portion of the band on a nonexclusive basis and to license the remainder of the band by geographic area to give potential licensees additional opportunity to access large blocks of spectrum or to use 37 GHz spectrum in combination with, and similarly to, 39 GHz spectrum"

"The plan calls for licensing the lower 37 GHz band as six 100 megahertz channels, which will allow for a sufficient acquisition of spectrum by smaller users while still allowing for aggregation by larger entities, according to the report."
mmWave  FCC  licensing  FierceWireless  37GHz 
may 2018 by pierredv
NOAA explains restriction on SpaceX launch webcast - Apr 2018
"During the March 30 launch of 10 Iridium Next satellites on a SpaceX Falcon 9, SpaceX cut off the live video from the rocket’s second stage nine minutes after liftoff. The company cited “restrictions” imposed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for terminating the live feed."

"In a statement later March 30, NOAA invoked federal law that requires any commercial remote sensing system capable of taking images of the Earth from orbit be licensed by the agency. “Now that launch companies are putting video cameras on stage 2 rockets that reach an on-orbit status, all such launches will be held to the requirements of the law and its conditions,” NOAA stated. "

"For now, NOAA does not have the ability to waive the need for a license, including for upper stages with onboard cameras."
SpaceNews  SpaceX  NOAA  EO  licensing 
april 2018 by pierredv
Planet sets deadline for Canadian ground station license - Feb 2018
"Stymied by extended regulatory delays, Planet is planning to remove a ground station it built in Canada if it does not receive a government license for it by June.

Speaking at the Canadian SmallSat Symposium here Feb. 13, Mike Safyan, senior director of launch and ground stations for the San Francisco-based company, said Planet was still waiting for the Global Affairs Canada (GAC) to decide on a remote sensing license the company needs to operate a ground station it has at Inuvik, Northwest Territories."

"Planet has been caught in an unusual regulatory situation. The company applied for, and received, a radiofrequency spectrum license from another ministry, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. However, it also needed the remote sensing license from GAC even though the satellites that will use the ground station are already licensed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the United States."

"GAC has not been forthcoming regarding the reasons for the delay. “We’ve spent a lot of time with GAC, trying to get our application understood,” Safyan said. “The process is incredibly opaque. It’s very rare that we get any meaningful feedback from GAC.”

Planet highlighted the licensing problem last summer. “It’s been a series of no updates since then, and that’s been a real challenge for us,” he said in an interview after his presentation."
SpaceNews  Planet  EarthObservation  regulations  licensing  satellite  space  Canada 
february 2018 by pierredv
47 U.S. Code § 307 - Licenses | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
(a) Grant
The Commission, if public convenience, interest, or necessity will be served thereby, subject to the limitations of this chapter, shall grant to any applicant therefor a station license provided for by this chapter.

(b) Allocation of facilities
In considering applications for licenses, and modifications and renewals thereof, when and insofar as there is demand for the same, the Commission shall make such distribution of licenses, frequencies, hours of operation, and of power among the several States and communities as to provide a fair, efficient, and equitable distribution of radio service to each of the same.
legislation  Spectrum  spectrum-efficiency  licensing  47USC 
february 2018 by pierredv
Longer spectrum licences don’t necessarily drive operator investment, study finds | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"Regulators seeking to balance flexibility in telecoms licensing with some degree of certainty for investors about spectrum tenure are considering the issue of licence duration, Ovum analysts say. All things being equal, a longer licence does offer more certainty but it's by no means the only factor in minimising investment risk."
PolicyTracker  spectrum  licensing  Ovum 
january 2018 by pierredv
Crafting better space industry policy | Nesta
In the US, nanosatellites are exempt from insurance, and supported with a Government run launch initiative. The USA Federal Communications Commission undertakes rigorous due diligence and imposes specific standards on the materials and building of a nanosatellite. Additionally, NASA’s CubeSat Launch Initiative supports partnerships with a large (mainly research) community, aiding collaboration and providing free launch slots to researchers willing to share their findings.
satellite  licensing  Nesta  UK 
november 2017 by pierredv
Licence to operate a space object: how to apply - GOV.UK
How to get a licence to launch or operate a spacecraft, satellite or manage other activities in outer space, under the Outer Space Act 1986.

UK nationals and companies intending to launch or procure the launch of a space object, operate a space object or carry on any other activity in outer space should make themselves familiar with the provisions of the Outer Space Act 1986 (PDF, 110KB, 8 pages) , plus the amendments made to the Act by the Deregulation Act 2015.

The Outer Space Act is the legal basis for the regulation of activities in outer space carried out by organisations or individuals established in the United Kingdom or one of its overseas territories or crown dependencies. It confers licensing and other powers on the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy acting through the UK Space Agency.
UK  space  satellite  licensing 
november 2017 by pierredv
47 CFR 25.157 - Consideration of applications for NGSO-like satellite operation. | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
"This section specifies the procedures for considering license applications for “NGSO-like” satellite operation, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section."
FCC  regulations  satellite  rules  licensing  NGSO 
october 2017 by pierredv
NOAA CRSRA Licensing
This web site is intended to provide U.S. laws, regulations, policies, and guidance pertaining to the operation of commercial remote sensing satellite systems. Pursuant to the National and Commercial Space Programs Act (NCSPA or Act), 51 U.S.C. § 60101, et seq, responsibilities have been delegated from the Secretary of Commerce to the Assistant Administrator for NOAA Satellite and Information Services (NOAA/NESDIS) for the licensing of the operations of private space-based remote sensing systems.

In accordance with the Act, the regulations 15 CFR Part 960 concerning the licensing of private remote sensing space systems have been promulgated.
remote-sensing  satellite  NOAA  licensing 
october 2017 by pierredv
47 U.S. Code § 304 - Waiver by license of claims to particular frequency or of electromagnetic spectrum | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
47 U.S. Code § 304 - Waiver by license of claims to particular frequency or of electromagnetic spectrum

"No station license shall be granted by the Commission until the applicant therefor shall have waived any claim to the use of any particular frequency or of the electromagnetic spectrum as against the regulatory power of the United States because of the previous use of the same, whether by license or otherwise."
spectrum  licensing  47USC  regulation  statute 
october 2017 by pierredv
47 CFR 2.102 - Assignment of frequencies. | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
(f) The stations of a service shall use frequencies so separated from the limits of a band allocated to that service as not to cause harmful interference to allocated services in immediately adjoining frequency bands.
spectrum  harmful-interference  interference  regulations  FCC  47CFR  licensing 
october 2017 by pierredv
Federal Register :: Comprehensive Review of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services
The Federal Communications Commission comprehensively streamlines its rules governing licensing and operation of satellites and earth stations to foster more rapid deployment of services, greater investment, and new innovation.

Agency/Docket Number:
FCC 15-167 (2nd R&O in IB 12-267) and FCC 16-58 (Erratum)
FCC  satellite  regulation  FederalRegister  licensing 
september 2017 by pierredv
47 U.S. Code § 301 - License for radio communication or transmission of energy | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
"It is the purpose of this chapter, among other things, to maintain the control of the United States over all the channels of radio transmission; and to provide for the use of such channels, but not the ownership thereof, by persons for limited periods of time, under licenses granted by Federal authority, and no such license shall be construed to create any right, beyond the terms, conditions, and periods of the license."
US  spectrum  legislation  ownership  property-rights  47USC  licensing  statute 
august 2017 by pierredv
[pdf] Light licensing, license-exempt and commons - ECC Report 132, Moscow 2009
"This Report first reviews the various terminologies that are commonly used to qualify the type of “regulatory regime” or
“licensing regime” that is applied when regulating the use of a radio application. It shows in particular that practices in
various European countries reflect different interpretation of the terminologies “licence-exempt” and “light licensing”. "
ECC  terminology  regulation  Europe  licensing  spectrum  report 
may 2017 by pierredv
Make Spectrum Great Again
"DISH’s spectrum squatting is bad for consumers, bad for the economy, bad for the Internet, and bad for America."
KerrisdaleCapital  DISH  spectrum  licensing 
april 2017 by pierredv
Will 5G need a new spectrum licensing approach? — PolicyTracker - Sep 2016
"The 5G discussion seems to be focused on having a network architecture based on small cells which probably uses higher frequencies than are used for cellular today, said SCF Associates senior consultant Robert Horvitz. That seems to put many base stations in the same functional category as short range devices (SRDs), he added. Those SRDs are mostly unlicensed, so why shouldn't 5G small cells be as well?"
PolicyTracker  5G  spectrum  licensing  SRD  licensed  unlicensed 
september 2016 by pierredv
Ofcom proposes indefinite 3.5 GHz licence for UK Broadband - PolicyTracker Oct 2014
"Last autumn, Ofcom proposed to amalgamate the unused spectrum into one contiguous 40 MHz block (3560–3600 MHz) by swapping UK Broadband's lower spectrum holding with spectrum that is currently held by the Ministry of Defence (MoD). . . In the same consultation, Ofcom also proposed to extend the licence indefinitely in order to mirror conditions in the 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz band, which are also used for mobility. UK Broadband's current licence is due to expire in July 2018. . . However, by June 2014, Ofcom had changed its proposal to just extending the licence indefinitely, without spectrum consolidation. . . Ofcom's proposal was partly influenced by UK Broadband's refusal to invest in a network if they were not granted an indefinite licence." "Globally, the fixed wireless broadband business model has proven to be difficult to make work, especially with higher frequencies such as 3.5 GHz which have poorer propagation characteristics” said Scott McKenzie, a director at Coleago Consulting.
UK  spectrum  Ofcom  3.5GHz  3.4GHz  UKBroadband  licenses  licensing 
october 2014 by pierredv
Ofcom partly rescinds 70/80 GHz self-licensing regime — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
Excerpts: Ofcom has changed its management approach to the 71-76 GHz and 81-86 GHz bands to partly rescind its self-management principle The 2 x 4.75 GHz block, currently used in the UK for fixed services, is subject to a self-coordination regime but Ofcom has decided to switch to a mixed management regime. The regulator says it plans to split the band into two blocks of 2 GHz of co-ordinated spectrum and another two blocks of 2.5 GHz that are self-coordinated. Ofcom told PolicyTracker that the proposals were "designed to address a segment of the market that wants to deploy carrier grade quality / very high availability links in this band (e.g. for 4G macrocell backhaul above the urban clutter line) but considers the risks of the self-coordinated approach as being too high for them to do this".
PolicyTracker  70GHz  Ofcom  licensing  unlicensed 
january 2014 by pierredv
Ofcom | Review of the Spectrum Management Approach in the 71-76 GHz and 81-86 GHz bands - aug 2013
"This consultation proposes changes to the management and authorisation approach within the 71 - 76 GHz and 81 - 86 GHz (70 / 80GHz) bands. The 70/80 GHz spectrum has been used in the UK for Fixed Service applications since 2007 and offers access to 2 x 4.75 GHz of bandwidth and the ability to deploy fixed link applications with very high capacity capabilities that are not supported in the lower microwave bands (e.g. 1 Gbit/s and above). " "At present a self coordinated licensing approach is used to authorise use in these bands ...Under the self coordinated licensing approach licensees have responsibility to coordinate new links with existing deployments in the band. However, the Spectrum Review, completed last year, identified that there was a perception among some stakeholders that the current self coordinated approach at 70 / 80 GHz does not offer the certainty that is required for the high availability (99.99% - 99.999%) applications"
licensing  Ofcom  mmWave 
august 2013 by pierredv

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