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pierredv : loneliness   3

Feeling lonely? You're not on your own | New Scientist issue 3134, 22 Jul 2017
"Anyone can feel lonely, even when surrounded by friends, and loneliness is on the up. How can we curb its devastating effect on people's mental and physical health?"

"Yet loneliness may have very little to do with being on our own, or having few friends, even if this is how it is often defined. “It’s not social isolation; it’s feeling socially isolated,” says Cacioppo ... Loneliness arises from a mismatch between expectations of our social interactions and the reality."

“Correcting for demographic factors, loneliness increases the odds of early mortality by 26 per cent,” says Cacioppo. “That’s about the same as living with chronic obesity.”

"If there’s one factor that stands out in alleviating loneliness, then it is the quality, rather than quantity of relationships. "

Robin Dunbar: “For you to live, survive, work and function well depends on you having a set of very intense close friendships, or family relationships. It turns out that this core group numbers about five close friends and family – and this is very consistent across primates, including humans.”
NewScientist  psychology  loneliness  feelings  emotion  disease  mortality 
december 2017 by pierredv
Wistful thinking: Why we are wired to dwell on the past | New Scientist
"Nostalgia can provoke political upheaval, xenophobia and bitter tribalism, yet, as psychologists are coming to understand, it can also promote well-being, tolerance and a sense of meaningfulness in life. By better understanding its influence, we are now finding ways to harness its benefits and, just as importantly, anticipate its harms."

"Nostalgia is an antidote to loneliness, not its cause. It springs up when we are feeling low, and in general boosts well-being. Wildschut and colleagues have found that reflecting on nostalgic events you have experienced forges bonds with other people, and enhances positive feelings and self-esteem."

"One theory to explain this is that nostalgia gives us a sense of continuity in life. While so much in our lives can change – jobs, where we live, relationships – nostalgia reminds us that we are the same person we were at our seventh birthday party as on our wedding day and at our retirement celebration. “It is the glue that keeps us together, gives us continuity, and we need that, ever more so, in times of change,” says Krystine Batcho of Le Moyne College in Syracuse, New York."

"When a group shares an airbrushed vision of the past – something known as “collective nostalgia” – it promotes a sense of belonging and strengthens in-group bonds, which may have had survival benefits in early, tribal societies. But that cohesion comes at the cost of driving discrimination towards outsiders."

"In particular, a certain kind of individual nostalgia can also do more harm than good. Called anticipatory nostalgia, it happens when we miss the present before it has passed. People who often experience it are more prone to sadness and worry, and have a harder time enjoying the moment, Batcho has found."
NewScientist  nostalgia  psychology  loneliness  discrimmination 
january 2017 by pierredv
Why words are as painful as sticks and stones - life - 04 December 2012 - New Scientist
"Rejection and heartbreak can have effects every bit as physical as cuts and bruises, and understanding why could change your life" Focus on work of Naomi Eisenberger, UCLA "Cementing the connection between physical pain and emotional anguish, further studies have found that the two experiences sometimes feed off one another. When people feel excluded, they are more sensitive to the burn of a hot probe, and submerging a hand in ice water for 1 minute leads people to report feeling ignored and isolated." "Extroverts have been shown to have a higher pain tolerance than introverts, and this is mirrored by their greater tolerance for social rejection." "When you consider our ancestors' dependence on their social connections for survival, it makes sense for us to have evolved to feel rejection so keenly. "
brain-anteriorInsula  brain-dorsalAnteriorCingulateCortex  introversion  loneliness  psychology  pain  sensation  NewScientist 
december 2012 by pierredv

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