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(14) (PDF) Unwanted effects: Is there a negative side of meditation? A multicentre survey
Abstract
Objectives Despite the long-term use and evidence-based efficacy of meditation and mindfulness-based interventions, there is still a lack of data about the possible unwanted effects (UEs) of these practices. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of UEs among meditation practitioners, considering moderating factors such as the type, frequency, and lifetime duration of the meditation practices. Methods An online survey was developed and disseminated through several websites, such as Spanish-, English- and Portuguese-language scientific research portals related to mindfulness and meditation. After excluding people who did not answer the survey correctly or completely and those who had less than two months of meditation experience, a total of 342 people participated in the study. However, only 87 reported information about UEs. Results The majority of the practitioners were women from Spain who were married and had a University education level. Practices were more frequently informal, performed on a daily basis, and followed by focused attention (FA). Among the participants, 25.4% reported UEs, showing that severity varies considerably. The information requested indicated that most of the UEs were transitory and did not lead to discontinuing meditation practice or the need for medical assistance. They were more frequently reported in relation to individual practice, during focused attention meditation, and when practising for more than 20 minutes and alone. The practice of body awareness was associated with UEs to a lesser extent, whereas focused attention was associated more with UEs. Conclusions This is the first large-scale, multi-cultural study on the UEs of meditation. Despite its limitations, this study suggests that UEs are prevalent and transitory and should be further studied. We recommend the use of standardized questionnaires to assess the UEs of meditation practices.
meditation  side-effects 
4 weeks ago by pierredv
Mindfulness Bells
They feature nothing more than the sound of a specially selected meditation bell that is played at periodic intervals to help clear your mind and guide you into a deep state of meditation.
Meditation  audio 
may 2019 by pierredv
Meditating With Essential Oils | AromaWeb
Grounding Meditation Diffuser Blend

Combine equal proportions of the following essential oils in a clean glass bottle to create a master diffuser blend and diffuse per the manufacturer instructions for your diffuser:

Sandalwood or Patchouli
Frankincense
Bergamot

Enlightening Meditation/Prayer Diffuser Blend

Combine equal proportions of the following essential oils in a clean glass bottle to create a master diffuser blend and diffuse per the manufacturer instructions for your diffuser:

Frankincense
Helichrysum

Relaxing Meditation Diffuser Blend

Combine equal proportions of the following essential oils in a clean glass bottle to create a master diffuser blend and diffuse per the manufacturer instructions for your diffuser:

3 Parts Lavender or 2 Parts Clary Sage
2 Part Atlas Cedarwood
1 Part Neroli or Bergamot
aromatherapy  meditation  blends 
april 2019 by pierredv
Yoga and meditation work better if you have a brain zap too | New Scientist, Jul 2018
"Brain stimulation seems to offer a shortcut to unlocking the benefits of yoga and mindfulness sessions, but turbocharging meditation could have a dark side"

"Even so, it takes time and dedication to see results from yoga and meditation. Bashar Badran, a neuroscientist at the Medical University of South Carolina, and his colleagues think they can speed things along. Their secret is a simple, non-invasive brain stimulation technique called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). This involves sticking two electrodes to the head, one above the eye and one on the temple, and then steering a small electrical current across the brain. The method has already been shown to improve the symptoms of depression, help with addiction and cravings, and possibly speed up recovery from stroke. Badran thought it might also help people achieve a state of mindfulness more quickly and easily."

"In 2010, work by Matthew Killingsworth and Daniel Gilbert, both then at Harvard University, showed that our mind not only wanders during as much as half of our waking hours, but we are also less happy when mind-wandering than when we are focused on a task. The pair’s conclusions concurred with what religions have emphasised for centuries: a wandering mind is an unhappy mind.

This mind-wandering state is associated with a set of brain regions collectively known as the default mode network. This switches off when we target our attention towards a specific goal, but comes back on when we allow our minds to drift. Studies show that people with more than 10 years of meditation experience are skilled at deactivating their default mode network, consistent with decreased mind-wandering.

Brain stimulation seems to fast-track that process."
NewScientist  yoga  meditation  mindfulness  tDCS  default-mode-network  neuroscience 
september 2018 by pierredv
The brain’s default mode network – what does it mean to us? Mar 2015
Marcus Raichle interviewed by Svend Davanger

"The default mode network is comprised of several areas of the cortex that are most active when no external tasks demand our attention"

"It was really surprising that, after the demanding tasks were completed, activity in these areas of the cortex increased again. The brain seemed to revert back to a default activity level, which is there in the absence of a specific, ongoing, external task"

"Many of the functions of the network are associated with our perception of our selves."

"It’s not only important to remember what’s important, but also to put a value on what’s important. The part of the default mode network up front, down almost between your eyes, just above your nose, has to do with deciding whether something is good, bad, or indifferent."

"Dreaming is mind-wandering disconnected. Why do we dream? Although there is no clear scientific answer, we cannot claim that dreams are just an inconvenience."

“To summarize the function of the three networks: the attention network makes it possible for us to relate directly to the world around us, i.e., here and now, and the default mode network makes it possible to relate to ourselves and our memories and previous experiences, i.e., the past and future. The salience network makes us switch between the two others according to our needs.”
neuroscience  default-mode-network  meditation  dreams  interviews 
september 2018 by pierredv
How to Practice Vipassana Insight Meditation - Lion's Roar
Step-by-step instructions on how to do this important practice ­— the foundation of all Buddhist meditations — from the late Vipassana master Sayadaw U Pandita.
vipassana  meditation  mindfulness 
january 2018 by pierredv
To Love Abundantly: Sharon Salzberg's Journey – Lion's Roar
"In loving-kindness practice, a practitioner begins with him or herself, wishing four things: may I be free from danger, may I be happy, may I be healthy, may I live with ease."

"Salzberg did loving-kindness practice for four years with U Pandita, and then he wanted her to stop. Metta is not the main practice, he said, mindfulness is: metta will do many things, but it won’t necessarily enhance your understanding of emptiness."
lovingkindness  self-compassion  Buddhism  meditation  profile  stories  people  Sharon-Salzberg 
january 2018 by pierredv
Dalai Lama on Analytic Meditation And How It Helps Cultivate Positivity | Central Tibetan Administration
"In this type of meditation [analytic meditation], [the Dalai Lama said] said, one needs meditate on the information accumulated by the mind from various sources and use reasoning to decode and decrypt it. Reasoning hones positive states of mind and alleviates thoughts and emotions that lead to suffering and dissatisfaction, he believes.

Link to analytic meditation via closing comment by Richard Davidson in https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeOY_ul3s7Q
meditation 
january 2018 by pierredv
Nonduality and Mindfulness — Two Great Traditions that Go Great Together
"In the context of American spiritual practice nondual traditions and mindfulness traditions appear to be in sharp contrast. Nonduality is often associated with the “doing nothing” schools of meditation, and mindfulness meditation is often very effortful. ... It’s a shame that these two wisdom traditions—especially in their American expressions—are antagonistic to each other. Really they just represent the two ends of a spectrum of theories about the same idea—the idea of how to awaken to real freedom."
meditation  mindfulness 
january 2018 by pierredv
Open Hearts Build Lives: Positive Emotions, Induced Through Loving-Kindness Meditation, Build Consequential Personal Resources
Abstract
B. L. Fredrickson’s (1998, 2001) broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions asserts that people’s daily experiences of positive emotions compound over time to build a variety of consequential personal resources. The authors tested this build hypothesis in a field experiment with working adults (n = 139), half of whom were randomly-assigned to begin a practice of loving-kindness meditation. Results showed that this meditation practice produced increases over time in daily experiences of positive emotions, which, in turn, produced increases in a wide range of personal resources (e.g., increased mindfulness, purpose in life, social support, decreased illness symptoms). In turn, these increments in personal resources predicted increased life satisfaction and reduced depressive symptoms. Discussion centers on how positive emotions are the mechanism of change for the type of mind-training practice studied here and how loving-kindness meditation is an intervention strategy that produces positive emotions in a way that outpaces the hedonic treadmill effect.
compassion  meditation  emotion  psychology 
january 2018 by pierredv
Different meditation types train distinct parts of your brain | New Scientist, Oct 2017
"Two new studies published in Science Advances suggest that certain kinds of meditation can change social and emotional circuitry... looked at the effects of three different meditation techniques on the brains and bodies of more than 300 volunteers over 9 months" - Tania Singer, ReSource Project at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig

"Mindfulness meditation increased thickness in the prefrontal cortex and parietal lobes, both linked to attention control, while compassion-based meditation showed increases in the limbic system, which processes emotions, and the anterior insula, which helps bring emotions into conscious awareness. Perspective-taking training boosted regions involved in theory of mind."

"Many studies have reported that meditation makes people feel calmer, but the effects on levels of the stress hormone cortisol have been mixed ... The researchers found that mindfulness meditation alone made the volunteers feel calmer when asked to give a presentation at short notice, but their cortisol levels were no different from those in controls. After engaging in face-to-face sessions with a partner in addition to compassion or perspective-based meditation, however, volunteers showed up to a 51 per cent drop in cortisol levels compared with controls."
meditation  NewScientist  Tania-Singer  psychology  neuroscience  emotion  feelings 
january 2018 by pierredv
Awesome awe: The emotion that gives us superpowers | New Scientist issue 3136, 29 Jul 2017
Dacher Keltner and Jonathan Haidt "described awe as the feeling we get when confronted with something vast, that transcends our frame of reference and that we struggle to understand. It’s an emotion that combines amazement with an edge of fear. Wonder, by contrast, is more intellectual – a cognitive state in which you are trying to understand the mysterious."

"... van Elk presented functional MRI scans showing that awe quiets activity in the default mode network, which includes parts of the frontal lobes and cortex, and is thought to relate to the sense of self."

“Awe produces a vanishing self,” says Keltner. “The voice in your head, self-interest, self-consciousness, disappears. Here’s an emotion that knocks out a really important part of our identity.” As a result, he says, we feel more connected to bigger collectives and groups.

"Instead, Keltner believes that awe predates religion by millions of years. Evolution-related ideas are tough to back up, but he argues that responding to powerful forces in nature and in society through group bonding would have had survival value. ... It’s an instinct that has been co-opted for political ends throughout history, for example in grandiose structures from the pyramids of Egypt to St Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City, or even Trump Tower. "

"Awe also seems to help us break habitual patterns of thinking. The Arizona team discovered that after experiencing awe, people were better able to remember the details of a short story."

"Through brain scanning, he and others have found that psychedelic drugs such as psilocybin and LSD reduce activity in the default mode network – just as awe does. In addition, boundaries between normally segregated bits of the brain temporarily break down, boosting creativity."
NewScientist  psychology  religion  emotion  feeling  awe  meditation 
december 2017 by pierredv
The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists
via John Helm and Quartz story

"The Varieties of Contemplative Experience study investigates meditation-related experiences that are typically underreported, particularly experiences that are described as challenging, difficult, distressing, functionally impairing, and/or requiring additional support. "
PLOSOne  meditation 
may 2017 by pierredv
What does meditation help? The benefits and surprising drawbacks of the art of meditation — Quartz
via John Helm

"To conduct their research, the pair interviewed 60 Western Buddhist meditation practitioners who had all experienced challenging issues during their practice. They included both rookies and meditation teachers, ... All belonged to either Theravāda, Zen, or Tibetan traditions.
The researchers identified 59 kinds of unexpected or unwanted experiences, which they classified into seven domains: cognitive, perceptual, affective (related to moods), somatic, conative (related to motivation), sense of self, and social. Among the experiences described to them were feelings of anxiety and fear, involuntary twitching, insomnia, a sense of complete detachment from one’s emotions, hypersensitivity to light or sound, distortion in time and space, nausea, hallucinations, irritability, and the re-experiencing of past traumas. The associated levels of distress and impairment ranged from “mild and transient to severe and lasting,” according to the study."
Quartz  meditation  side-effects 
may 2017 by pierredv
The Handkerchief Discourse - Feb 2017
"Following is an extract from a session at a Pali language workshop led by Mr. Satyendranath Tandon in France in 2007. The participants answer his questions and then he tells a story."
vipassana  discourses  meditation 
april 2017 by pierredv
How to Cultivate a Year of Mindfulness : zen habits
Why? A few good reasons:

You learn to be awake to the present moment more, and lost in the daydream of your thoughts less.
You begin to see your mental patterns that affect everything you do, and thus begin to free yourself of those patterns.
You learn to be frustrated less, and let go more. And smile more.
You learn to be better at compassion, equanimity, love, contentment.
You learn to be better at not procrastinating, and better at building better habits.
meditation  zenhabits 
january 2017 by pierredv
Go Left, Go Right | Zen4859's Weblog - A Still Forest Pool – Insight Meditation of AJAHN CHAH –
“It is as though I see people walking down a road I know well. To them the way may be unclear. I look up and see someone about to fall into a ditch on the right-hand side of the road, so I call out to him, ‘Go left, go left!’ Similarly, if I see another person about to fall into a ditch on the left, I call out, ‘Go right, go right!’That is the extent of my teaching. Whatever extreme you get caught in, whatever you get attached to, I say, ‘Let go of that too.’
Ajahn-Chah  meditation 
january 2017 by pierredv
People who meditate are more aware of their unconscious brain | New Scientist Jul 2016
"This suggests the meditators were recognising their unconscious brain activity earlier than most people, says Lush, supporting the belief that meditation helps you to become more aware of your internal bodily processes. It could also be that people who are more in tune with their unconscious meditate."

“The results indicate that hypnotisability and mindfulness might be at opposite ends of a spectrum of self-awareness,” says Stephen Fleming of the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging in London. Other research has suggested that people who meditate are less easy to hypnotise and people who can be hypnotised are less “mindful” – less aware of their internal bodily processes.
NewScientist  self  awareness  consciousness  unconscious  meditation  hypnotism 
january 2017 by pierredv
This school replaced detention with meditation. The results are stunning. -- Upworthy Sep 2016
"Imagine you're working at a school and one of the kids is starting to act up. What do you do? Traditionally, the answer would be to give the unruly kid detention or suspension. ... But Robert W. Coleman Elementary School has been doing something different when students act out: offering meditation."
meditation  education  discipline 
september 2016 by pierredv
Professor Paul Gilbert - Strengthening the Mind through The Power of Self-Compassion - YouTube
Published on Aug 12, 2013
Earlier this year Professor Paul Gilbert gave a talk in Lismore on strengthening the mind through the power of self-compassion.
compassion  Paul-Gilbert  Buddhism  meditation  video  self-compassion  lectures 
june 2016 by pierredv
How Meditation, Placebos And Virtual Reality Help Power 'Mind Over Body' : Shots - Health News : NPR
Jo Marchant, about her book "Cure: A Journey into the Science of Mind Over Body"

"The researchers explained it as our brains only have a certain capacity for attention," Marchant says. "If you've got something that's really commanding your attention, there's less attention left over for experiencing the pain."
"... if you calm the breathing down, you're kind of forcing your body into a more relaxed state and you will then experience probably fewer negative thoughts as a result."
NPR  meditation  placebo  pain  books  ritual 
may 2016 by pierredv
Shōganji Zen Retreat | Experience authentic Zen temple life in rural Japan
"Shōganji Zen Retreat opened it’s doors to the public in 2004 in order to allow foreigners to experience authentic Zen temple life in Japan. The modest Shōganji temple is located in the tiny village of Ojuki, part of the Saganoseki village cluster, only 30 minutes from Oita city."
travel  zen  meditation  Japan 
may 2016 by pierredv
I can tell you how to heal yourself with hypnosis - New Scientist interview, 9 March 2016
"We all hypnotise ourselves everyday but we don't always get it right, says Laurence Sugarman, who believes it can take healthcare to a new level"
“My colleagues and I propose that hypnosis is simply a skill set for influencing people. It involves facial expression, language, body movement, tone of voice, intensity, metaphor, understanding how people interpret and represent things.”
"Hypnosis is a medium for delivering placebo effects .... My definition of placebo is the use of conditioning, expectation, social relationships and narrative paradigm to change a person’s physiology in a way that they attribute to an external intervention."
"I may offend lots of people by saying that mindfulness meditation is an example of hypnosis"
NewScientist  hypnosis  placebo  psychology  meditation 
april 2016 by pierredv
Prison Sangha at Washington State Reformatory | Still Sitting Meditation Supply
"We recently had the pleasure of speaking with a community leader who uses our cushions for a very special purpose. Amy Darling is a Seattle-based acupuncturist, herbalist, and mindfulness teacher. Darling, who has been practicing meditation for 20 years, has spent the past 9 years traveling to the Washington State Reformatory (WSR) in Monroe, where she leads a group of prisoners in meditation each month. Darling is one of several Buddhist volunteers who support inmates at WSR."
Buddhism  meditation  prison 
january 2016 by pierredv
Buzz words: How language creates your emotions - New Scientist issue 3039, Sep 2015
Close link between emotional and linguistic brain region => value of sophisticated semantic systems to describe and thus process feeling/sensation, cf. Abhidhamma "Brain imaging studies, for example, show a strong link between language and emotions: when the parts of the brain linked to emotion are aroused, so are those parts associated with semantics and language." "Once we learn to link that word to a particular network of sensations, our brains find it easier to seek out experiences which are consistent with it and filter out those which aren’t."
NewScientist  language  emotion  Buddhism  meditation  sensation 
december 2015 by pierredv
How Mindfulness Meditation Builds Compassion - The Atlantic
"Mindfulness meditation is best known for its positive effects on practitioners’ brains and bodies. My research suggests it may also encourage compassion toward others."
theAtlantic  meditation  mindfulness  compassion 
october 2015 by pierredv
This Fantastic, Unfolding Experiment
"Reflecting on the history of the Insight Meditation Society and Spirit Rock Meditation Center, Jack Kornfield describes the challenges and tensions that have accompanied the movement to bring Buddhism to the West and the creative solutions that have emerged to meet them."
Buddhism  meditation  Jack-Kornfield 
august 2015 by pierredv
Can meditation have negative side effects? - ResearchGate
Good list of studies from Zana Marovic Kutz et al. (1985a,b) Craven, 1989 Shapiro (1992)
ResearchGate  meditation  side-effects 
july 2015 by pierredv
Panic, depression and stress: The case against meditation - opinion - 14 May 2015 - Control - New Scientist
By Miguel Farias & Catherine Wikholm, authors of "The Buddha Pill: Can meditation change you?" - "David Shapiro of the University of California, Irvine, found that 7 per cent of people on meditation retreats experienced profoundly adverse effects, including panic and depression. Experience appears to make no difference – experts and naive meditators are equally likely to be affected" - "As we scrutinised evidence on the effects of meditation and mindfulness for our book The Buddha Pill: Can meditation change you?, we realised that media reports were heavily biased: findings of moderate positive effects were inflated, whereas non-significant and negative findings went unreported." - "Not everyone has bought into this mantra of positivity. Historians and religious-studies scholars have identified a relationship between meditation and violence." Examples: Torkel Brekke, Brian Victoria
NewScientist  meditation  side-effects  psychology  books 
july 2015 by pierredv
Episode 213 :: Erik Braun :: The Birth of Insight: Meditation, Modern Buddhism, and the Burmese Monk Ledi Sayadaw : Secular Buddhist Association
"Professor Erik Braun joins us to speak about The Birth of Insight: Meditation, Modern Buddhism, and the Burmese Monk Ledi Sayadaw. Insight meditation is arguably one of the most common practices in contemporary Buddhism. But, where did this modern version come from, what are the roots of what we see in the West?"
meditation  vipassana  Burma  Erik-Braun  Ledi-Sayadaw  history  podcasts 
july 2015 by pierredv
Development of Insight: The Insight Knowledges
"We have looked at Satipatthana vipassana in terms of one central principle, three universal characteristics and seven purifications (or seven stages of purification). Now we will subdivide these seven stages of purification into 16 nanas, or (insight) "knowledges". "
insight  meditation  vipassana  nanas  dukkha-nanas 
february 2015 by pierredv
Dark Nights and Dukkha Nanas | Rethinking Religion
"Westerners have been playing with eastern mysticism, and now some of them have had “bad trips” being called “dark nights of the soul.” There’s an article on The Atlantic website by Tomas Rocha, titled “The Dark Knight of the Soul,” about a psychology professor investigating the dark side of meditation. The professor, Dr. Willoughby Britton, is working to “document, analyze, and publicize accounts of the adverse effects of contemplative practices,” the article says. Available at Amazon! However, there’s nothing discussed in the article that would be particularly surprising to any long-time practitioner of Zen, Vipassana or other traditional Buddhist meditation practice. It’s pretty much a catalog of the stuff teachers warn us about, actually. And it’s all been documented and analyzed in commentaries going back more than a couple of millennia now, albeit in language a western psychologist might not understand."
meditation  dark-night  dukkha-nanas 
february 2015 by pierredv
The sweetness of the Dhamma- Vipassana Newsletter
November 30, 2014 Issue: Vol. 41 (2014), No. 2 This article is based on a talk given by Goenkaji to assistant teachers in 1997. It has been condensed and edited for publication.
meditation  vipassana  Goenka  metta  compassion 
january 2015 by pierredv
Eight weeks to a better brain | Harvard Gazette
"Participating in an eight-week mindfulness meditation program appears to make measurable changes in brain regions associated with memory, sense of self, empathy, and stress." "For the current study, magnetic resonance (MR) images were taken of the brain structure of 16 study participants two weeks before and after they took part in the eight-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Program at the University of Massachusetts Center for Mindfulness." "The analysis of MR images, which focused on areas where meditation-associated differences were seen in earlier studies, found increased gray-matter density in the hippocampus ... Participant-reported reductions in stress also were correlated with decreased gray-matter density in the amygdala "
meditation  brain  experiment  psychology  MBSR 
january 2015 by pierredv
Unusual Choices - Ani Chudrun, Aeon Video
"Ani Chudrun used to present Top Gear on TV. She gave up her fame to be a Buddhist nun. Why?"
meditation  vocation  AeonMagazine  video  people  stories  vimeo  buddhism 
october 2014 by pierredv
Idle minds succumb to temptation of electric shocks - health - 04 July 2014 - New Scientist
"Many of us dislike being left alone with nothing to do but think, and would be happier self-administering an electric shock than sitting idle. Timothy Wilson of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville and his colleagues wanted to find out whether letting your mind wander is a pleasant experience. In a series of experiments, people were told to sit still and do nothing but think. The participants not only found the experience unpleasant, they also opted to give themselves mild electric shocks, possibly to relieve the boredom." "Nonetheless, when left alone, 67 per cent of men and 25 per cent of women chose to voluntarily zap themselves"
NewScientist  psychology  experiment  boredom  meditation 
october 2014 by pierredv
Strongest Study Yet Shows Meditation Can Lower Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke | TIME.com 2012
N=201 "After roughly five years of follow-up, the researchers found a 48% reduction in the overall risk of heart attack, stroke, and death from any cause among members of the meditation group compared to those from the health education group"
Time.com  meditation  heart-attack  stroke  health  research 
july 2014 by pierredv
The Morality of Meditation - David DeSteno - www.nytimes.com
"The results were striking. Although only 16 percent of the nonmeditators gave up their seats — an admittedly disheartening fact — the proportion rose to 50 percent among those who had meditated. "
meditation  morality  compassion  research  NYTimes 
july 2014 by pierredv
The Frustratingly Slow Pace of Making Changes : zenhabits
Give up on the results. Instead focus on the step in front of you. Give up on the fantasy. Instead be curious about what it’s really like when you try it. Don’t be motivated by achieving the ideal. Be motivated by compassion for yourself and helping others. Don’t be caught up in quick results. Savor the slow change. Forget about the happiness of the outcome. Instead find happiness in the learning. Don’t worry about perfect execution. The entire point is to learn about yourself.
happiness  fantasy  zenhabits  progress  change  patience  meditation  compassion  ** 
july 2014 by pierredv
We dislike being alone with our thoughts : Nature News & Comment July 2014
"Given the choice, many people would rather give themselves mild electric shocks than sit idly in a room for 15 minutes, according to a study published today in Science" "Wilson and his colleagues began by asking undergraduate students to stash their mobile phones and other distractions, and to sit in a sparsely furnished room for up to 15 minutes. Afterwards, nearly half of the 409 participants said that they did not enjoy the experience" “In the next experiment, participants were given a small electric shock — akin to a jolt of static electricity — that was so unpleasant that three-quarters of them said they would be willing to pay not to experience the shock again. Yet when they were placed in the room to sit alone with their thoughts, 67% of male participants and 25% of female subjects were so eager to find something to do that they shocked themselves voluntarily.”
meditation  psychology  science  NatureJournal 
july 2014 by pierredv
The Dark Knight of the Soul - Tomas Rocha - The Atlantic June 2014
Strap line: "For some, meditation has become more curse than cure. Willoughby Britton wants to know why."
meditation  side-effects  trauma 
june 2014 by pierredv
Ecstatic epilepsy: How seizures can be bliss - health - 24 January 2014 - New Scientist
Researchers: Fabienne Picard, Bud Craig, Anil Seth, Richard Davidson Categories of feelings in ecstatic epilepsy 1. heightened self-awareness 2. physical well-being 3. intense positive emotions "Picard's patients reported feelings of certainty – the sense that all is right with the world – which would seem to fit with a theory that the anterior insula is involved in predicting the way the body is going to feel in the next instant.. . ." "people like Dostoevsky have also recorded the strange sense that time is slowing down during their seizures. This might reflect the way the insula samples our senses. Craig argues that the anterior insula usually combines interoceptive, exteroceptive and emotional states to create a discrete "global emotional moment" every 125 milliseconds or so" Link to meditation: "Davidson [et al.] found that the deeper the meditative state, the greater the activity in the anterior insula."
Dostoevsky  epilepsy  meditation  bliss  time  interoception  brain-insula  brain-anteriorInsula  feeling  religion 
june 2014 by pierredv
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