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pierredv : military   31

The Two Things Every Senior Pentagon Leader Is Worried About - Defense One, Nov 2019
via AEI; author Mackenzie Eaglen is AEI Resident Fellow

"The second topic that every Pentagon leader brings up is China. Most Americans, they believe, do not fully grasp the threat, seeing the East Asian giant mostly as an economic competitor, not a full-fledged adversary. But defense leaders believe strongly that China has the greatest potential to change our American way of life. The threat is not just military, they say, but ideological, governmental, cultural, institutional, legal, financial, and more. "

"One troubling trend Americans will instinctively dislike is China’s near-takeover of the motion picture industry. “Hollywood can’t exist without China,” a former Paramount Pictures production chief told the Wall Street Journal in 2017. "

“China’s ambition befits the big screen—to compete with the U.S. as a global storyteller and spread its perspective in the same fashion American filmmakers have for a century,” the Journal wrote.
military  AEI  China  stories  storytelling 
november 2019 by pierredv
The Navy's Secretive And Revolutionary Program To Project False Fleets From Drone Swarms - The Drive Nov 2019
"This secretive new electronic warfare "ecosystem" is known as Netted Emulation of Multi-Element Signature against Integrated Sensors, or NEMESIS. ... ... for years, the Navy has been developing and integrating multiple types of unmanned vehicles, shipboard and submarine systems, countermeasures and electronic warfare payloads, and communication technologies to give it the ability to project what is, in essence, phantom fleets of aircraft, ships, and submarines. These realistic-looking false signatures and decoys have the ability to appear seamlessly across disparate and geographically separated enemy sensor systems located both above and below the ocean's surface. As a result, this networked and cooperative electronic warfare concept brings an unprecedented level of guileful fidelity to the fight. It's not just about disrupting the enemy's capabilities or confusing them at a command and control level, but also about making their sensors tell them the same falsehoods across large swathes of the battlespace."

"Electronic warfare (EW) has become an essential part of military strategy over the better part of the last century. "
USNavy  military  drones  spoofing  dissimulation  EW  electronic-warfare  jamming 
november 2019 by pierredv
All Activities Monitored - Jon Askonas, The New Atlantis, Summer 2019
Review of "Eyes in the Sky: The Secret Rise of Gorgon Stare and How It Will Watch Us All: by Arthur Hollan Michel

Prophylactic surveillance - collect first, use later

"Arthur Holland Michel investigates Gorgon Stare, an aerial surveillance system that uses drones or airplanes carrying massive cameras to observe areas as large as a major city. Images from the cameras are in turn fed to computer programs that allow analysts to track suspects, and even to rewind to look back over their paths, like watching TiVo."

"... Gorgon Stare emerged from science fiction in a more literal sense — specifically, from the 1998 Will Smith action thriller Enemy of the State, which featured an NSA surveillance satellite tracking the protagonist’s every move. The researcher at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories who first began working on wide-area mass surveillance was inspired by the movie."

"The main theme [of the book] is straightforward: Wide-area persistent surveillance, combined with machine learning and massive storage, is a novel technology that threatens civil liberties, even while it offers a number of new capabilities for serving the common good."

Quote from Jurassic Park, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9nazm3_OXac: "Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could that they didn't stop to think if they should."

Law:
"Historically, anything viewable from the sky was considered public, and members of law enforcement could act on what they saw. Wide-area surveillance makes it possible to observe all of a place all of the time, with perfect recall, aided by algorithms that can search out any behavior. The police need a warrant to put a GPS tracker on a car, but they can follow the same car indefinitely from above without one. And, of course, the airways are public to anyone who can file a flight plan."

Mythology: (what about Heimdallr?)
"At the dawn of the nuclear age, the engineers responsible for bringing atomic weapons into the world reached for the mythological language of creation and destruction. J. Robert Oppenheimer named the first bomb Trinity, after the metaphysical poetry of John Donne, and quoted the Bhagavad Gita. Now at the beginning of the age of pervasive digital surveillance and remote warfare, the engineers have turned instead to the more humanistic landscapes of Greek and Norse mythology. They speak of a “god’s-eye view” and name their programs after Gorgons, creatures whose gaze turned any mortal who met it to stone; Perseus, slayer of the Gorgon Medusa (Persistent Stare Exploitation and Analysis System); Argus, the hundred-eyed giant (Autonomous Real-Time Ground Ubiquitous Surveillance); and Odin, the god of knowledge and war (Observe, Detect, Identify, Neutralize)."
surveillance  military  book  reviews  TheNewAtlantis  drones 
november 2019 by pierredv
Disability, inclusive adventurous training and adapted sport: Two soldiers' stories of involvement - ScienceDirect
Highlights
Creative nonfiction offers an alternative approach to qualitative data analysis.
It offers new insights into disabled soldiers' experience of sport and AT.
Personal stories reveal subjectivities, meaning, and biographical connections.
Stories can preserve complexity to support plural understandings of individuals.
Collaborative storytelling sharing constitutes an ethical act of witnessing.
stories  military  soldiers  warfare  narrative  storytelling 
may 2019 by pierredv
The Woomera Manual | The Woomera Manual
"The Woomera Manual project is an international research project that is spearheaded by The University of Adelaide, The University of Exeter, the University Of Nebraska and the University of New South Wales - Canberra. Our mission is to develop a Manual that objectively articulates and clarifies existing international law applicable to military space operations."
space  law  military  defense 
february 2019 by pierredv
Europe hoping to overcome C-band satellite interference | PolicyTracker, Jan 2019
There has been a clear push by national regulators across Europe to release 3.5 GHz spectrum. However, mobile deployments in the region’s primary capacity band for 5G could be at risk due to potential satellite interference from neighbouring countries and military services.
C-band  3.6GHz  5G  Interference  PolicyTracker  Finland  Netherlands  satellite  military 
january 2019 by pierredv
Enabling a GEO-NGEO Hybrid System - Northern Sky Research, Jul 2018
"The Military segment has, historically, primarily been served by GEO satellites for execution of critical applications, including intelligence gathering, navigation and communication. GEO systems, by nature, offer the advantage of significant coverage via a single satellite, especially with the advent of GEO-HTS satellites. On the other hand, latency and significant CAPEX have always been limitations of the GEO architecture. These drawbacks have given rise to the emerging trend of LEO and MEO constellations (NGEO) that can offer low latency and lower cost per satellite. However, constellations have their own set of constraints, with system complexity, ground infrastructure costs and frequency spectrum coordination, to name a few. Considering both, the shortcomings as well as the strengths of each system, could this perhaps be the start of an integration between GEO and LEO/MEO operators with a hybrid GEO-NGEO system on the rise? "

"Keeping the overall system costs low, however, is where it gets complex for NGEO framework. Although the manufacturing and launch costs per satellite are relatively lower, the need for a considerable number of satellites, the associated replenishment costs and the ground infrastructure expenses – all intensify the overall system cost."

"NSR estimates just over 1% of total revenues for gov/military will come from Non-GEO constellations by 2027."

"[TCO] is a key driver for NGEO constellations, military and otherwise, and is as well one of the biggest challenges for the operators presently. Simply put, either the expenses, mostly CAPEX, need to drop or the revenues need to grow for the business case to sustain. This is where a GEO-NGEO Hybrid architecture could prove pragmatic."

"Intelsat’s and OneWeb’s unsuccessful attempt towards a strategic alliance was one example of this hybrid system. GEO operators JSAT and Hispasat have similarly announced strategic investment in LEO constellations including LeoSat."

"Another level of integration, perhaps more technically innovative, and therefore challenging, is a system where GEO satellites can handle the TT&C operations for LEO constellations and act as the base station control system of the network."
NSR  GEO  NGSO  Intelsat  OneWeb  LeoSat  SES  O3b  satellite  constellations  military  DARPA  business  market-research 
july 2018 by pierredv
Military Drones Prove Vulnerable to GPS Jamming - Apr 2018
"Maritime security experts have warned for years about the hazards that simple GPS jamming methods could pose to merchant shipping. According to American defense officials, the Russian military is deploying a weaponized form of GPS jamming that is effectively blocking some U.S. drone aircraft operations over Syria - and is even affecting drones equipped with anti-jamming technology. As more and more operators contemplate the deployment of autonomous vessels and aircraft in the maritime space, the vulnerability of high-specification military hardware to GPS jamming may pose a cautionary tale. "
GPS  GNSS  jamming  drones  marine  shipping  military  warfare  Russia  Syria 
april 2018 by pierredv
Dying for a Paycheck: These Jobs Are More Dangerous Than Military Service
"82 servicemembers per 100,000 have died each year to all possible causes, and the leading cause of death is ... [accident related, at] 40.8 deaths per 100,000 servicemembers per year since 1980."

"Logging: 127.8 deaths per 100,000 workers in 2012
Fishing: 117.0 deaths per 100,000 workers in 2012"

Per http://www.governing.com/gov-data/law-enforcement-fatality-rates-by-state.html, South Dakota had the highest combined death rates for police officers, at 22 per 100,000 officers

Per https://calwatchdog.com/2013/01/23/firefighter-one-of-nations-safest-jobs/, "Firefighters die at a rate of 2.5 per 100,000 workers, which is slightly above the rate for cashiers (1.6)."

"Police officers died at the rate of 18.6 per 100,000"
statistics  mortality  military  police  firefighting 
february 2018 by pierredv
New Sensors, Payloads Expanding Small UAS Capabilities | Aviation Week, Sep 2017
Having widely deployed small tactical unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) across its forces, the U.S. military is moving to increase their usefulness through sensor upgrades and new payloads. The most numerous are Insitu’s ScanEagle, Textron Systems’ RQ-7 Shadow and AeroVironment’s RQ-11 Raven and RQ-20 Puma. And while the procurement peak is past, upgrades are continuing.
AviationWeek  UAS  military  DoD 
october 2017 by pierredv
Nation’s Veterans Demand Farmland In Gaul - DuffelBlog Jan 2015
"A delegation from the American Legion had a meeting today with several leading senators to demand suitable farmland for the nation’s landless veterans in the province of Transalpine Gaul."
military  war  satire  humor 
march 2015 by pierredv
The Tragedy of the American Military - The Atlantic
"The American public and its political leadership will do anything for the military except take it seriously. The result is a chickenhawk nation in which careless spending and strategic folly combine to lure America into endless wars it can’t win." "The most biting satirical novel to come from the Iraq-Afghanistan era, Billy Lynn’s Long Halftime Walk, by Ben Fountain, is a takedown of our empty modern “thank you for your service” rituals." "Chickenhawk Nation, based on the derisive term for those eager to go to war, as long as someone else is going" "A chickenhawk nation is more likely to keep going to war, and to keep losing, than one that wrestles with long-term questions of effectiveness." "The country thinks too rarely, and too highly, of the 1 percent under fire in our name."
military  war  policy  defense  politics  usa  *  theAtlantic 
january 2015 by pierredv
Why a cyberwar won't happen - opinion - 09 September 2013 - New Scientist
Excerpts: What would an act of cyberwar look like? History suggests three features. To count as an armed attack, a computer breach would need to be violent. If it can't hurt or kill, it can't be war. An act of cyberwar would also need to be instrumental. In a military confrontation, one party generally uses force to compel the other party to do something they would otherwise not do. Finally, it would need to be political, in the sense that one opponent says, "If you don't do X, we'll strike you." ... Data breaches are not just a risk, but a real bleeding wound for the US, Europe and other advanced economies. But espionage is not war, and cyber espionage is not cyberwar. ... Talk of cyberwar ... is disrespectful ... kills nuance ... is in the interest of those with a harsher vision of the web's future ... The armed forces need to stay focused on fighting and winning the real wars of the future. That's hard enough. Let us not militarise the struggle for the free and liberal inter
cyberwar  military  doctrine  Thomas  Rid  NewScientist 
october 2013 by pierredv
UK defence ministry confirms 2014 spectrum auction plans — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"Plans by the UK’s Ministry of Defence (MoD) to clear and auction around 200 MHz of spectrum may hint at a role for the regulator Ofcom in the process. That's according to Charles Gay of Espirito, a company specialising in commercialisation through sharing of public sector spectrum. Ofcom, however, sees its role as purely technical."
PolicyTracker  sharing  spectrum  defense  military  MoD  ofcom 
january 2013 by pierredv
Welfare State - By Rosa Brooks | Foreign Policy Jul 2012
"The generous benefits we give our military reflect the increasingly reflexive esteem in which we hold the armed forces. Despite (or because of) the dwindling number of Americans who serve or have a close relative who serves, support for the military has become America's civil religion. "
socialism  US  budget  spending  military  DoD  Foreign  Policy 
july 2012 by pierredv
Ann Marlowe: The Truth About Who Fights for Us - WSJ.com
The US military, particularly the Army, is NOT poor and black "In 2008, using data provided by the Defense Department, the Heritage Foundation found that only 11% of enlisted military recruits in 2007 came from the poorest one-fifth, or quintile, of American neighborhoods (as of the 2000 Census), while 25% came from the wealthiest quintile. Heritage reported that "these trends are even more pronounced in the Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program, in which 40% of enrollees come from the wealthiest neighborhoods, a number that has increased substantially over the past four years.""
trends  USA  poverty  x:wsj  race  military 
october 2011 by pierredv
Making the Bow And Arrow
cf. arrow stuff in Pali texts "The shafts are then straightened, simply by heating them by the fire and bending them straight at the curves until cool. Sometimes it is necessary to use an arrow straightener for stubborn curves. An arrow straightener or arrow wrench is made by drilling a hole through a deer antler that is just a bit larger than the diameter of the shaft. The straightener is used by placing the hot arrow through the hole and using the antler like a lever to bend out the curves. But be careful to select the straightest shafts you can find to prevent straightening trouble. The finished product will be as smooth, straight, and dowel-like as a store-bought shaft."
history  meditation  military 
october 2011 by pierredv
F-16 pilot was ready to give her life on Sept. 11 - The Washington Post
"Late in the morning of the Tuesday that changed everything, Lt. Heather “Lucky” Penney was on a runway at Andrews Air Force Base and ready to fly. She had her hand on the throttle of an F-16 and she had her orders: Bring down United Airlines Flight 93. The day’s fourth hijacked airliner seemed to be hurtling toward Washington. Penney, one of the first two combat pilots in the air that morning, was told to stop it. The one thing she didn’t have as she roared into the crystalline sky was live ammunition. Or missiles. Or anything at all to throw at a hostile aircraft. Except her own plane. So that was the plan."
war  911  military  terrorism  WashingtonPost 
september 2011 by pierredv
Most U.S. youths unfit to serve, data show - Army News | News from Afghanistan & Iraq - Army Times
Includes cite to Mission:Readiness report http://www.missionreadiness.org/PAEE0609.pdf

biggest reason is physical/medical; e.g. obesity increased from 6% to 23% among 18-34 y/o between 1987 and 2008
us  military  health  security  factoids 
december 2010 by pierredv
Military brass joins wired troops | csmonitor.com 20 Jan 09
Gordon Lubold story: "Admirals and generals hope to connect with soldiers via their own Facebook pages and blogs." But they evidently still think of a one-way communication, not a conversation
internet  trends  socialnetworks  military  csmonitor 
january 2009 by pierredv
Pentagon Bans Google Teams From Bases | Seattle Times Newspaper
Citing security risks, the Pentagon banned Google teams from making detailed street-level video maps of U.S. military bases after images of a Texas base ended up on the popular Internet site.
geography  maps  politics  military  via:seattletimes 
march 2008 by pierredv
Combat Pair: The Evolution of Air Force-Navy Integration in Strike Warfare - RAND | Monographs
This report documents the exceptional cross-service harmony that the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy have steadily developed in their conduct of integrated strike operations since the first Persian Gulf War in 1991.
interop  military 
march 2008 by pierredv
Army Chain of Command (Organization)
sizes and nesting of squad, platoon, company, battalion, brigade, division, corps
organization  military 
january 2006 by pierredv

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