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pierredv : mmwave   74

It’s a wrap: FCC concludes first set of high-band auctions, raising $2.7B | FierceWireless May 2019
the Spectrum Frontiers auctions of the 24 GHz and 28 GHz bands raised more than $2.7 billion in gross bids. Combined, 55 applicants were qualified to bid, and the winning bidders won 5,869 licenses, according to the FCC.
FCC  FierceWireless  5G  mmwave  spectrum-auctions  24GHz  28GHz 
may 2019 by pierredv
mmWave 5G real-world deployments will require very dense networks: report | FierceWireless apr 2019
"Moore conducted his tests using the Motorola Z3 handset with the 5G Moto Mod adapter. Verizon gave him a list of nine cells, and he tested about six of them while walking around Chicago.

Moore said he received a top speed of 500 Mbps during his tests. “It’s very zippy under favorable conditions with line of sight,” he said, but added that mmWave doesn’t penetrate obstacles and it doesn’t travel far."

“Moore said he tested the signal speed through a pane of glass in a restaurant that was only about 25 yards away from a cell node. “I found that the speeds were roughly halved from what I was getting outside on the street,” he said. The initial real-world 5G network tests make clear the 5G networks that use mmWave spectrum will face a lot of challenges. “It requires a very, very dense network,” Moore said.”
FierceWireless  propagation  mmwave  5G 
april 2019 by pierredv
Australian regulator backs unusual hybrid approach for 26 GHz award - PolicyTracker: spectrum management news, research and trainingPolicyTracker: Apr 2019
"A combination of spectrum, apparatus and class licences is the best way to support the three different scenarios on offer in the 24.25—27.5 GHz band, according to the decision paper ACMA published last week."

"The approach would see 2.4 GHz of spectrum (25.1–27.5 GHz) set aside for the mobile industry to offer 5G. However, this chunk is only available in metropolitan areas and large regional centres. It will be auctioned, as is traditional in Australia.

The 27-27.5 GHz part of the band has additional conditions attached to protect an existing satellite gateway.

Elsewhere, the same spectrum will be awarded on an “apparatus” basis. Apparatus licences authorise the licensee to operate devices to which the specific licence relates, such as specific types of transmitter or receiver. Normally, that does not imply an auction in Australia, although the paper says “authorisation may be under a potential new ‘spectrum-space’ area-based apparatus licence type”. It is unclear how this new type of licence will be awarded."
ACMA  PolicyTracker  spectrum-sharing  mmwave 
april 2019 by pierredv
Japanese operators vie for lower band 5G spectrum | PolicyTracker: Feb 2019
"Japan’s forthcoming spectrum award will be the first for 5G decided by a beauty contest rather than an auction. This is not the only thing that makes it unusual. "

"Over the past 12 to 18 months, Japan has debated the possible use of auctions to assign spectrum but ultimately decided to maintain its favoured approach of using beauty contests. Other countries have used auctions for 5G but Japan is sticking with what it knows best."

"MIC is awarding six blocks of 100 MHz in the more desirable lower bands (3.7 GHz and 4.5 GHz), and four blocks of 400 MHz at 28 GHz."

"Also interesting is MIC’s decision to pick out some frequency ranges for industry or specific applications."

"The government has complained recently about high mobile prices. Senior officials have accused operators of using spectrum, a public asset, in the pursuit of excess profits."
PolicyTracker  5G  Japan  spectrum-auctions  mmwave 
february 2019 by pierredv
It’s official: 37, 39 and 47 GHz bands headed for incentive auction in 2019 | FierceWireless Dec 208
As expected, the FCC voted to move forward with an incentive auction that combines the upper 37, 39 and 47 GHz bands, delivering a nice gift to the wireless industry.

The airwaves in the combined upper 37 and 39 GHz bands represent the largest amount of contiguous spectrum available for wireless service in the millimeter wave bands—2,400 megahertz in total—while the 47 GHz band provides an additional 1,000 megahertz of spectrum.

The auction, slated for the second half of 2019, will take place in two phases: a clock phase in which firms may bid on generic license blocks, and an assignment phase in which clock phase winners may bid on specific frequencies. Incentive payments will be offered to incumbents that choose to relinquish their spectrum usage rights to make new licenses available.
FierceWireless  mmwave  spectrum-auctions 
december 2018 by pierredv
Starry expands deployment plans, reaches 350K homes in Boston | FierceWireless Aug 2018
Starry’s proprietary active phased array technology is based on the IEEE’s 802.11ac Wi-Fi standard and works in the licensed 37.0-38.6 GHz band in all of its chosen markets.
Starry  FierceWireless  antennas  mmwave  37GHz 
august 2018 by pierredv
Electromagnetic Radiation Safety: 5G Wireless Technology: Millimeter Wave Health Effects
"Unfortunately, few studies have examined prolonged exposure to low-intensity MMWs, and no research that I am aware of has focused on exposure to MMWs combined with other radiofrequency radiation."

"In sum, the peer-reviewed research demonstrates that short-term exposure to low-intensity millimeter wave (MMW) radiation not only affects human cells, it may result in the growth of multi-drug resistant bacteria harmful to humans. Since little research has been conducted on the health consequences from long-term exposure to MMWs, widespread deployment of 5G or 5th generation wireless infrastructure constitutes a massive experiment that may have adverse impacts on the public’s health."
5G  mmwave  health-effects  radiation 
august 2018 by pierredv
FCC establishes procedures for 28, 24 GHz auctions, tees up 39 GHz for 2019 | FierceWireless, Aug 2018
The FCC established bidding procedures for the upcoming 28 GHz and 24 GHz auctions and proposed the next steps in getting the upper 37, 39 and 47 GHz bands ready for a single auction in the second half of 2019.
FCC  mmwave  FierceWireless  spectrum-auctions 
august 2018 by pierredv
Statement: Review of spectrum used by fixed wireless services - Ofcom Jul 2018
This document sets out our decisions and forward plan for spectrum used by fixed wireless links for the next 5 years following extensive engagement and consultation with stakeholders. This sector already delivers a range of important benefits and this plan sets out our approach to continue to support growth in this sector and our priorities to facilitate future uses of fixed wireless links.

We are taking immediate steps to make changes to the regulatory regime in the 57–66 GHz range as well as making new spectrum available at 66–71 GHz.
Ofcom  mmwave 
july 2018 by pierredv
FCC proceeds with mmWave 5G plans | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"US mobile industry association the CTIA wanted the planned auctions of the 37.6–40 GHz bands and the 47 GHz band (47.2–48.2 GHz) to be brought forward to November 2018 so that they could be held alongside a planned auction of the 24 GHz band (24.25–24.45 GHz + 24.75–25.25 GHz)."
PolicyTracker  mmwave  5G  FCC  SpectrumFrontiers  CTIA  spectrum-auctions 
june 2018 by pierredv
EU institutions reach agreement on Electronic Communications Code | PolicyTracker June 2018
"It adds that countries must allow the use of at least 1 GHz of the 26 GHz band, provided there is clear evidence of market demand and no significant constraints from existing users. The 32 GHz and the 40 GHz bands have also been identified as priority bands for 5G deployment.

The code says the EU welcomes increased cooperation among member states in spectrum management but underlines that spectrum usage varies across the Union and that flexibility for national governments must be preserved. For instance, the EECC proposes that the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) will issue standardised declarations for service providers, but national regulatory authorities (NRAs) will continue to have the lead role in general authorisations. "

“Peer review should contribute to a better exchange of best practices between Member States and increase transparency… but it should not be a formal condition of national authorisation procedures,” the draft document says. The peer review of national spectrum assignments will be led by the European Commission’s advisory body the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG), not BEREC.

"The decision to increase spectrum licences to 20 years, short of the 25 years the industry wanted, aims to secure return on investment."
EU  PolicyTracker  Europe  spectrum  BEREC  regulations  mmwave  RSPG  licensing  spectrum-licensing 
june 2018 by pierredv
PHAZR seeks OK to test Quadplex technology in high and midband spectrum | FierceWireless June 2018
Startup PHAZR is asking the FCC for an experimental license to test its Quadplex technology that pairs high-band millimeter wave spectrum for downlink with midband spectrum for the uplink to enable 5G systems.

PHAZR, which works with 3 of the 4 biggest U.S. carriers but doesn’t identify them, is seeing an increased interest on pairing millimeter wave spectrum for downlink with sub-6 GHz spectrum for the uplink.

PHAZR CEO Farooq Khan said the industry over the past two months or so has come to the realization that uplink on millimeter wave is going to be cost-prohibitive because the links need to be close together and there needs to be more of them—perhaps 10 times more.
5G  PHAZR  FierceWireless  mmwave 
june 2018 by pierredv
mmWave 5G services to be limited and localised, EU study finds | PolicyTracker, June 2018
"The ‘Study on using millimetre waves bands for the deployment of the 5G ecosystem in the Union’, which was launched in December 2017 and is being carried out by IDATE and Plum, suggests that mm-waves will constitute less than 1% of the total 5G market in terms of subscriptions by 2025. "

"According to interim results presented at a workshop, only localised specific applications and very dense areas will initially benefit from mmWave spectrum."

"Frédéric Pujol, head of radio technologies & spectrum practice at IDATE DigiWorld, predicted that the development of fixed wireless access (FWA)–using millimetre wave frequencies to provide in-building service, will be relatively low within the Union"
PolicyTracker  5G  mmwave  hype  critique  IDATE  PlumConsulting 
june 2018 by pierredv
Exposure of Insects to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields from 2 to 120 GHz | Scientific Reports

Insects are continually exposed to Radio-Frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields at different frequencies. The range of frequencies used for wireless telecommunication systems will increase in the near future from below 6 GHz (2 G, 3 G, 4 G, and WiFi) to frequencies up to 120 GHz (5 G). This paper is the first to report the absorbed RF electromagnetic power in four different types of insects as a function of frequency from 2 GHz to 120 GHz. A set of insect models was obtained using novel Micro-CT (computer tomography) imaging. These models were used for the first time in finite-difference time-domain electromagnetic simulations. All insects showed a dependence of the absorbed power on the frequency. All insects showed a general increase in absorbed RF power at and above 6 GHz, in comparison to the absorbed RF power below 6 GHz. Our simulations showed that a shift of 10% of the incident power density to frequencies above 6 GHz would lead to an increase in absorbed power between 3–370%.
RF  mmwave  NatureJournal 
june 2018 by pierredv
Study workshop on using mm-waves bands for the deployment of the 5G ecosystem in the Union | Digital Single Market, June 2018
Via Scott Marcus

"The aim of this workshop was to inform relevant stakeholders and experts about insights and preliminary results of the on-going study on the use of millimeter waves bands for the deployment of 5G as well as to gather concrete feedback."

Related documents:

1) Presentation of initial findings - IDATE and plum
2) Perspectives on study on using mm-waves bands for 5G - P. Curnow-Ford - Viatec Associates
3) Some perspectives on 5G / ‘IMT-2020’ - K. Singarajah - Avanti
4) Perspectives on study on using mm-waves bands for 5G – W. Bocquet- eutelstat
5) mmWave bands for 5G - K.-H. Laudan - Deutsche Telekom
6) millimetre waves for 5G in Europe - Y. Bellego - Orange Group
EU  5G  mmwave 
june 2018 by pierredv
Mobile and satellite industries disagree on potential 37–43.5 GHz 5G tuning range | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"These frequencies could all use the same equipment (unlike frequencies at 24.25–29.5 GHz) and they are all are on the WRC-19 agenda for potential identification for IMT in the Radio Regulations."

Summary of View A and View B submitted to IWG-2.
PolicyTracker  mmWave  cellular  satellite  WRC-19  FCC 
may 2018 by pierredv
NTT DoCoMo, Huawei use IAB technology to boost mmWave coverage, capacity | FierceWireless
"NTT DoCoMo and Huawei recently conducted a trial using Integrated Access Backhaul (IAB) technology to significantly improve millimeter wave coverage and capacity in the 39 GHz band."

"The technology involves the use of a compact focal lens antenna made with metamaterials to achieve advanced beamforming (with a maximum gain of 31 dBi) that concentrates radio waves in a specified direction for long-distance transmission."

"Beamforming mitigates interference between the wireless-backhaul and wireless-access links and enables simultaneous data transmissions over the same frequency."
mmwave  antennas  metamaterials  NTTDoCoMo  Huawei  FierceWireless  Japan 
may 2018 by pierredv
Qualcomm, Facebook to Bring High Speed Internet Connectivity Over 60 GHz | 2018-05-21 | Microwave Journal
"Qualcomm Technologies Inc., and Facebook announced they are working together to deliver high speed internet connectivity with Facebook’s Terragraph technology through the development of a multi-node wireless system based on 60 GHz technology from Qualcomm Technologies."

"Qualcomm Technologies has optimized its solution for outdoor backhaul by introducing enhancements such as TDMA-based protocol, time synchronized nodes, channel bonding and massive antenna arrays to overcome large obstacles in dense urban environments, deliver high-capacity coverage and the potential to reduce costs and time to market."
60GHz  802.11ay  mmwave  MicrowaveJournal 
may 2018 by pierredv
World's first WiGig-based millimeter wave mesh backhaul system - Mar 2015
"The system developed by the InterDigital Labs team includes imec's 60 GHz PHARA4 radio and phased array antenna with fast electrical beam steering in azimuth and elevation, and Peraso's highly integrated PRS4000 WiGig baseband chip, operating at multi-Gbps data rates."
mmwave  60GHz  mesh  antennas  beamsteering  phased-arrays 
may 2018 by pierredv
Part of FCC order says ‘no’ to mobile industry trade groups, sticks with sharing in 37 GHz band | FierceWireless May 2018
"... the FCC rejected recommendations by CTIA, CCA, 5G Americas and T-Mobile to adopt exclusive area licensing in the 37-37.6 GHz band. Instead, the commission said it’s sticking with its previous plan and finds it’s in the public interest to license a portion of the band on a nonexclusive basis and to license the remainder of the band by geographic area to give potential licensees additional opportunity to access large blocks of spectrum or to use 37 GHz spectrum in combination with, and similarly to, 39 GHz spectrum"

"The plan calls for licensing the lower 37 GHz band as six 100 megahertz channels, which will allow for a sufficient acquisition of spectrum by smaller users while still allowing for aggregation by larger entities, according to the report."
mmWave  FCC  licensing  FierceWireless  37GHz 
may 2018 by pierredv
All-Silicon Active Antennas for High Performance 5G/SATCOM Terminals | 2018-02-15 | Microwave Journal
Active mmWave antennas are expected to be rolled out in unprecedented volumes over the next few years, fueled by the rapidly emerging 5G telecommunications infrastructure and high throughput satellite (SATCOM) markets. mmWave spectrum is attractive for these new high-capacity systems due to the availability of large bands of contiguous spectrum.

Using active antennas allows highly-directive antenna beams to be formed by physically-small apertures, which helps offset the higher path loss associated with these high frequencies. The highly-directive beams allow spectral reuse through spatial diversity. These planar antennas offer fast, steerable beams; low size and weight; and can be cost-effectively produced in high volume. Active antennas also provide excellent reliability, since there are no moving parts, and the failure of a few elements in the array has little effect on the overall antenna performance.
MicrowaveJournal  5G  antennas  array-antennas  mmwave 
april 2018 by pierredv
5G Fixed Wireless Access Array and RF Front-End Trade-Offs | 2018-02-15 | Microwave Journal
Editor’s Note: At the end of December, the 3GPP approved the 5G non-standalone new radio (NSA NR) specification, which defines how enhanced broadband services can be deployed using a 5G NR leveraging the existing LTE network. This NSA architecture will first be fielded—later this year—for fixed wireless access (FWA) services using mmWave spectrum, i.e., 28 and 39 GHz.

Qorvo and Anokiwave are two companies leading the development of the mmWave front-end technology for the active phased arrays that will power these FWA services. Each company has analyzed the system requirements and defined a unique approach to meeting them. Qorvo has chosen GaN, Anokiwave silicon. We are fortunate that this issue of Microwave Journal features articles from both, each stating the case for its technology choice. Regardless of which argument you favor, no doubt you will agree that both companies are doing excellent technology and product development, a key step to making 5G viable.
MicrowaveJournal  5G  antennas  array-antennas  mmwave 
april 2018 by pierredv
E-Band Technology - E-Band Communications, LLC
"The 71-76 and 81-86 GHz bands (widely known as "e-band") are permitted worldwide for ultra high capacity point-to-point communications."

"A novel "light licensing" scheme was introduced in 2005 and the first commercial e-band radios were installed soon after."

"... the FCC permits e-band radios to operate with up to 3W of output power. This is significantly higher than available at other millimeter-wave bands (for example, 25 dB higher than the 10 mW limit at 60 GHz)."


mmWave  E-band  history  spectrum-licensing  light-licensing 
march 2018 by pierredv
WRC-19 update: two mmWave bands emerge as 5G front runners | PolicyTracker Mar 2018
"Harmonising mmWave spectrum for 5G is the part of WRC-19 that has attracted the most attention but there are over 30 topics on the agenda, covering a range of fields from satellite to High-Altitude Platform Stations (HAPS) and Wi-Fi. Our new research report identifies those shown in the table below as the key issues."

= 5G in the mmWave bands (AI 1.13) - leading contenders 26 and 40 GHz
= Additional spectrum for HAPs (AI 1.14)
= Wi-Fi at 5 GHz (AI 1.16) - unlikely
= Removal of limits on broadcasting-satellite service (AI 1.4) - good prospects
= Satellite Earth Stations in Motion (AI 1.5 ) - outcome depends on studies in 28 GHz
PolicyTracker  5G  26GHz  mmWave 
march 2018 by pierredv
Verizon CEO: 5G trials going ‘extremely well,’ with expectations to deliver 1 Gbps | FierceWireless, Jan 2018
Verizon last year conducted trials in 11 markets and expects to commercially launch a fixed wireless service in three to five markets this year; the only market to be announced so far is Sacramento, California. Verizon has estimated the market opportunity for initial 5G residential broadband services to be 30 million households nationwide.

“The trials are continuing to go extremely well for us,” McAdam said, noting that Verizon has more than 200 sites up and online. “We continue to learn every day,” managing distances of up to about 2,000 feet and peak throughputs of 10 gigabits, all of which are much better than expected using millimeter wave spectrum.
Verizon  FierceWireless  5G  fixed-wireless  broadband  mmWave 
january 2018 by pierredv
T-Mobile presses for mmWave auction in 2018, says major carriers already acquiring significant holdings | FierceWireless, Jan 2018
If it wasn’t clear before, it is now: Wireless operators want to get their hands on more millimeter wave spectrum, and the more, the merrier. And smaller carriers are worried the deck is going to get stacked against them in favor of the largest operators.

Those themes continue to emerge through comments filed with the FCC as part of its Spectrum Frontiers initiative. The FCC has asked for input on how it should structure spectrum bands above 24 GHz for mobile radio services, and carriers aren’t shy about responding. AT&T, Verizon and T-Mobile, plus the industry association CTIA, are pushing for an auction in 2018, with T-Mobile in particular pointing to Verizon’s accumulation of millimeter wave spectrum on the secondary market giving it a competitive edge.
FierceWireless  28GHz  SpectrumFrontiers  FCC  spectrum-auctions  5G  T-Mobile  Verizon  AT&T  mmWave 
january 2018 by pierredv
Line of Sight – What’s wrong with Gigabit wireless access? (Reality Check) Jan 2018
Via Dale Hatfield
"Spoiler Alert: Obstructions."

"Access-industry veterans have seen and participated in a variety of attempts at wireless fixed broadband access over the years, and they know several key challenges must be overcome for new wireless solutions to meet the real-world demands of gigabit access in the general copper-replacement case. Many of these challenges — spectral efficiency, interference management, continuous adaptation to changing conditions, uniform service delivery throughout coverage areas, and stable, deterministic performance — follow directly from the first and most prominent issue on the list: obstructions."

"Tarana’s Residential LoS Availability study took the industry’s first careful look at the fixed wireless access obstruction challenges in residential neighborhoods."
5G  broadband  RCRWireless  Tarana  propagation  opinion  mmWave 
january 2018 by pierredv
Starry’s challenge: scaling up as it expands into new markets | FierceWireless Jan 2018
"Starry is the first company to commercially deploy prestandard 5G, point-to-multipoint fixed wireless technology to deliver gigabit-capable broadband to the home. The company currently offers consumers a no-contract, no-data cap plan of $50 per month for 200 mbps download/upload, inclusive of installation, 24/7 customer care and all equipment including Starry’s touchscreen Wi-Fi hub, Starry Station.  "
FierceWireless  Starry  5G  mmWave 
january 2018 by pierredv
AT&T makes case for 5G spectrum auction based on financial voucher system | FierceWireless
"Keeping up with its argument that the FCC needs to get moving on 5G spectrum auctions, AT&T is proposing an auction of millimeter wave spectrum that’s based on a voucher system that it says puts incumbent licensees and other potential bidders on a level playing field.

AT&T notes that one of the challenges to a millimeter wave auction, especially in the 39 GHz band, is that incumbent licensees have holdings scattered throughout the band, typically in 50 MHz chunks."
FierceWireless  AT&T  spectrum-auctions  5G  mmWave 
december 2017 by pierredv
Nokia leading effort to push for spectrum above 95 GHz | FierceWireless
"Nokia is joining together with other technology leaders, including Virginia Diodes and Keysight Technologies, in becoming founding members of the mmWave Coalition, which will advocate for the use of radio frequencies above 95 GHz at the FCC, other U.S. government agencies and the ITU."

"In January of this year, industry consultant Michael Marcus, head of Marcus Spectrum Solutions and retired associate chief of the FCC Office of Engineering and Technology, gave a presentation (PDF) to FCC staffers about the importance of opening 95-475 GHz to commercial use and the technical and policy challenges."
Mike-Marcus  95GHz  FierceWireless  mmWave 
december 2017 by pierredv
Facebook gaining operator traction with TIP, just not U.S. operators so much | FierceWireless Nov 2017
"Facebook is very pleased with the amount of interest that it’s seen from the operators in the Telecom Infra Project (TIP). In fact, it recently added some new board members from BT, Telefonica and Vodafone, joining existing board members from Deutsche Telekom, Nokia, Intel and Facebook.
In terms of the U.S. operators, however, they continue to be a no-show, at least for now. "

"Millimeter wave is in the mix as well. Facebook is continuing to work in the 60 GHz band, among others, and it has a 60 GHz test bed in San Jose. Terragraph is a 60 GHz system focused on bringing high-speed internet connectivity to dense urban areas; it implements a phase array antenna to retain the highly directional signal required for 60 GHz, but makes it steerable to communicate over a wide area."
FierceWireless  Facebook  broadband  mmWave 
november 2017 by pierredv
Deutsche Telekom not yet clear on cost of 3.4-3.8 GHz 5G networks | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
Deutsche Telekom’s current trial work is focused on sub-6 GHz spectrum and Bruno Jacobfeuerborn, its chief technology officer for Germany, told PolicyTracker that the use of mmWave frequencies like the 24.5-27.65 GHz range is not a focus for the company in the short term. “I believe there will be something in the future but today the business case doesn’t work at all,” he said. “We need to compete with the normal wireline business case.”

"The primary focus for the next generation of mobile still appears to be on enhanced mobile broadband, with DT also placing great emphasis on its narrowband IoT (Internet of Things) work. [DT CTO] Jacobfeuerborn said that lower latency and faster connections combined with mobile edge computing, which would put the processing and powering element into the cloud, would make lightweight but high-performance hardware like virtual and augmented reality glasses a possibility."
PolicyTracker  DeutscheTelekom  DT  3.7GHz  5G  mmWave 
october 2017 by pierredv
5G gives Samsung an opportunity to break into radio access networks, Analysys Mason, Sep 2017
Samsung missed out on the 3G opportunity, together with some other network equipment providers (NEPs), such as Motorola and NEC. The company then tried to capture a reasonable share of the 4G RAN market, but was unable to do so, as it invested in the WiMAX standard rather than LTE.
Samsung has several decades of experience in the telecoms market, but the wireless infrastructure ecosystem is becoming increasingly complex, particularly for 5G.
Samsung  Arqiva  AnalysysMason  FWA  5G  mmWave 
october 2017 by pierredv
Operators commit to 5G trials but cut back on overall equipment expenditure | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"In spite of these positive announcements, mobile operators are still at the pre-investment stage when it comes to deploying 5G networks and that is not simply because the ITU and 3GPP standards are not available. Identifying use cases is still at the top of the operators’ agenda, prior to any investment in networks."

"Key characteristics of 3.4-3.8 GHz spectrum like outdoor-to-indoor penetration are still uncertain, however, with Lombardi telling PolicyTracker she has read about trials of “not very efficient” outdoor-to-indoor penetration "

"Mobile revenue growth in Europe is 0.4 per cent, according to Telenor Norway chief executive Berit Svendsen. “In Norway, our customers are using 60 per cent more data,” she said. “Against 0.4 per cent revenue you have a problem to maintain your network, to build out more coverage.” She added that the company had been lucky in that it had been able to increase subscriber charges slightly"
5G  PolicyTracker  28GHz  3.5GHz  mmWave 
october 2017 by pierredv
Kymeta gets OK to start beaming internet through 11K flat panel antenna terminals | FierceWireless
"The Redmond, Washington-based company just finished a project with the Greenville, South Carolina, police department featuring its satellite-connected car during the eclipse, and now it’s announcing that it has received blanket authorization from the FCC for commercial distribution of 11,000 of its KyWay terminals in the United States.

The FCC’s blanket license will allow Kymeta to operate 5,000 vehicle-mounted Earth stations (VMEs), 5,000 fixed IoT installations and 1,000 maritime Earth stations on vessels (ESVs)."

"The company’s mTenna uses software-driven, tunable metamaterial elements to holographically create a beam that can be electronically steered to follow a satellite, meaning it can stay connected even while moving. "
FierceWireless  Kymeta  satellite  antennas  mmWave 
september 2017 by pierredv
Pivotal, a startup with Bill Gates' support, lights up holographic beamforming | FierceWireless, Aug 2017
"Pivotal Commware, a startup that recently received $17 million in funding, is taking its proprietary holographic beamforming (HBF) to the streets, with plans to dramatically expand the capacity of existing 4G networks while becoming indispensable to the 5G rollout."

"Holographic refers to the fact that the HBF antenna is analogous to a holographic plate in an optical hologram; RF signals from a radio flow into the back of the antenna and scatter across its front, where tiny elements adjust the shape and direction of the beam."
4G  5G  antennas  mmWave 
august 2017 by pierredv
UK regulator considering licence-exempt access at 26 GHz — PolicyTracker, Jul 2017
"Ofcom also supports truncating the 66-76 GHz band to focus on 66-71 GHz for international 5G study and setting the same technical conditions for the three bands falling within 37-43.5 GHz. The UK regulator said that where it is possible to demonstrate that uncoordinated small cells can be deployed without affecting quality of service, it will consider allowing licence exempt operation in the 26 GHz band and supports licence exempt in the 37-43.5 GHz and 66-71 GHz range."
PolicyTracker  Ofcom  5G  26GHz  unlicensed  mmWave 
august 2017 by pierredv
AT&T, Verizon, FCC and the rest: These charts show who controls the nation’s licensed millimeter-wave spectrum | FierceWireless, July 2017
"Based on new charts from Allnet Insights & Analytics, it’s clear that AT&T and Verizon are poised to control a significant chunk of the nation’s available, licensed millimeter-wave spectrum. This is important because these spectrum bands are expected to form a significant chunk of future 5G services"
FierceWireless  FCC  AT&T  Verizon  mmWave 
july 2017 by pierredv
Facebook demonstrates record-breaking data rate using millimeter-wave technology | Engineering Blog | Facebook Code
"Ultimately, the point-to-point MMW radio link is expected to serve as the connection between a ground station and Aquila, our solar powered UAV."

"Our goal is for Aquila-to-ground links to support capacities in excess of 30 Gbps over 30-50 km."
Facebook  Aquila  mmWave 
may 2017 by pierredv
Verizon and Charter: the Trump era heralds a wave of European-style cable–mobile consolidation - AnalysysMason Jan 207
"Seeing every Verizon move through the teleology of 5G misses the point; US mobile is shrinking and Verizon needs to spread its bets."

"In pursuing a mobile-first strategy, Verizon has progressively shrunk its wireline footprint. In the early part of last decade, the company was a proponent of FTTP, but found the capex burden intolerable, and of its 22% wireline coverage, only 15% has FiOS (FTTP) availability, with the rest on low-grade ADSL. Charter acquired the larger Time Warner Cable and the smaller Bright House Networks in 2015."

"Analysys Mason's view is that the USA is waking up to the same realities that hit Europe a few years ago: a mobile-first strategy no longer makes any 'industrial' sense, and the survival of mobile-only operators into the 5G era is in question. Market structure (with a geographical fragmentation of fixed but not mobile) has shielded the USA from this, as it has in other markets with a similar asymmetric structure such as Finland and Russia. While 5G-readiness is something to aspire to, the rationale for any merger is, from Verizon's point of view, much more immediate and banal: mobile revenue will come under increasing pressure; broadband/video has more growth potential than mobile; and fixed–wireless may not work."

"Analysys Mason forecasts rises in consumer wireline revenue and a decline in mobile revenue between now and 2021 in the USA."

"We believe that Verizon's interest in cable is at least in part motivated by the realisation that mmWave fixed–wireless (pre-standards 5G) is not the best way to address the great indoors."
AnalysysMason  Verizon  Charter  *  broadband  cable  mobile  cellular  LTE  Vodafone  mmWave 
february 2017 by pierredv
CTIA, CCA blast FCC for slipping cybersecurity rule into 5G order | FierceWireless - Dec 2016
"Both CTIA and the Competitive Carriers Association (CCA), which don’t always see eye-to-eye on wireless regulatory issues, agree on one thing: The FCC’s proposal to require millimeter wave (mmWave) licensees to disclose network security plans is a bad idea.

Actually, both organization say it violates the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) because the FCC did not propose the rule in its original Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), where entities like CTIA and CCA could have voiced their objections. Instead, they say the commission barely mentioned a security obligation in a “fact sheet” that was published less than a month before the order was adopted."
FierceWireless  FCC  CTIA  CCA  5G  cybersecurity  mmWave 
december 2016 by pierredv
CCA, CTIA urge FCC to deny Boeing’s request for satellite system | FierceWireless
"Both CTIA and the Competitive Carriers Association (CCA) are coming out against Boeing’s proposal to operate a non-geostationary satellite orbit (NGSO) system in the 37.5-42, 47.2-50.2 and 50.4-51.4 GHz bands, saying it threatens spectrum for terrestrial 5G operators."
FierceWireless  Boeing  CCA  CTIA  FCC  satellite  cellular  mmWave 
december 2016 by pierredv
The Mobile Network » 5G needs verticals, so where are they? - Oct 2016
Via Dale Hatrfield

"much of the early technical selection has in fact been done: it’s going to be a variant of filtered OFDM, a flexible frame structure, coding is nearly done, MIMO will be not quite so massive after all, we know the likely spectrum bands."

"And one or two verticals did show in Frankfurt this week – notably the major German car companies BWM, Audi and also Continental. . . . But there was nobody, not one vertically-blessed ambassador from agriculture, health, energy, utilities, transport, smart City government or even public safety"

"Johan Wybergh ... Group CTO of Vodafone said that the industry must not over hype 5G. He pointed out that although mmWave offers very large frequency bands and high throughputs, it’s not good at going through walls into the places where people live"
5G  mmWave 
october 2016 by pierredv
FCC plan for 5G spectrum above 24 GHz branded too timid - PolicyTracker Oct 2015
"Federal Communications Commission (FCC) plans to make spectrum above 24 GHz available for 5G prompted strong criticism from Republican commissioners and a former FCC official who say the regulator hasn't gone far enough. The satellite industry urged the regulator to protect its services in the bands, while the wireless sector called for more low-band spectrum."
PolicyTracker  FCC  NPRM  mmWave 
november 2015 by pierredv
FCC proposes five high frequency bands to be studied for 5G - PolicyTracker Aug 2015
FCC chair Tom Wheeler says the following five high frequency bands should be studied for 5G in preparation for WRC-19: 27.9–29.5 GHz 37–40.5 GHz 47.2–50.2 GHz 50.4–52.6 GHz 59.3–71 GHz
PolicyTracker  FCC  mmWave 
august 2015 by pierredv
RSPG says light licensing could be a solution for 5G backhaul - PolicyTracker Jul 2015
"A new report by the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG), the inter-governmental group that advises the European Commission on spectrum matters, has identified light licensing as an “attractive” way of addressing growing demand for spectrum through wireless backhaul." Wireless backhaul users looking at 60 GHz and 70/80 GHz - but 5G also eyeing it. - "In these bands, the report argues that “light licensing or technology-neutral block licensing seem to be attractive alternatives to cope with the very high number of short links, compared to other approaches such as individual licensing, as they provide flexibility”. Licence-exemption is also identified as a “tempting option” but the report warns that this may result in unpredictable interference."
PolicyTracker  light-licensing  unlicensed  RSPG  5G  backhaul  wireless-backhaul  60GHz  70GHz  mmWave 
july 2015 by pierredv
Does 5G require a new air interface? PolicyTracker May 2015
"Last month, some of the world's most eminent researchers met in New York to discuss the new air interface that may well come to define 5G technology. . . One of the researchers, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at NYU Wireless Sundeep Rangan, told PolicyTracker that he expects 5G eventually to involve a new air interface that will work alongside many other technologies." - skepticism from Stephen Wilkus about power consumption in handsets to do antenna gain; from William Webb about beamsteering, and if capacity needed
PolicyTracker  5G  WRC-19  NYU-Wireless  mmWave 
june 2015 by pierredv
NYU Wireless says U.S. falling behind in 5G, presses FCC to act now on mmWave spectrum - FierceWirelessTech
"While other parts of the world are making strides in 5G research and development, the United States should look to millimeter wave (mmWave) technology to make sure it is not left behind--and it's got to act fast. That's the summation of a more than 50-page filing that NYU Wireless submitted to the FCC. "
FierceWireless  5G  FCC  NYU  Ted-Rappaport  mmWave 
january 2015 by pierredv
NYU researchers make waves with millimeter-wave breakthrough - FierceWireless Dec 2014
"Researchers at NYU Wireless, a research center of the New York University's Polytechnic School of Engineering, report promising findings that could enable 5G millimeter-wave (mm-wave) cells to be as large as several hundred meters, the same size as 4G cells in dense urban environments. The research, presented in Microwave Journal, indicates that mm-wave frequencies (30 to 300 GHz) show great promise for the future of wireless because of the large raw available, unused bandwidth."
FierceWireless  5G  NYU  Ted-Rappaport  mmWave 
january 2015 by pierredv
Should European legislation be changed to accommodate small cell backhaul at 60 GHz? - PolicyTracker Jul 2014
Claim by Mark Barrett of Blu Wireless that inflexible European rules compared to US rules are impairing deployment of mm-wave solutions "he problem is that in Europe, as set out in CEPT Recommendation (09)01 and ETSI EN 302 217, maximum conducted power is limited to +10dBm and the minimum antenna gain is +30dBi. This does not allow any trade off in antenna gain and power. The US rule on this, as set out in FCC regulation 15.255, is much more permissive, Barrett says. Following a ruling in August 2013, devices can use the band indoors up to +40dBmi, and as much as +82dBmi in outdoor conditions, depending on antenna gain. "
60GHz  Europe  FCC  CEPT  PolicyTracker  mmWave 
july 2014 by pierredv
Cisco: 5G will be fast and smart, but perhaps not by 2018 - PolicyTracker May 2014
PolicyTracker interview with Cisco's director of government affairs Mary Brown and the company's principal engineer Fran O'Brien. Quotes: ... So what are the use cases? At this stage, it's wide open. ... machine -to-machine (M2M) communications, augmented reality, remote surgeries and the internet of things. ... latencies of less than a millisecond. ... In any case, according to O'Brien, 5G will be much more than just the air interface. ... truly heterogeneous network that may include aspects of software defined networks and network function virtualisation amongst a network that includes macro cells and Wi-Fi. ... Brown says that “mmWaves are not the silver bullet answer to 5G”. ... O'Brien: “The Koreans would like to see this occur earlier, tied to big national events. They are holding the Winter Olympics in 2018 ...” “My guess is the earliest would be Release 15. I used to say Release 16 because I think that's the right time frame if you back up everything in place”.
Cisco  5G  3GPP  mmWave 
may 2014 by pierredv
Research suggests millimetre waves could be used for 5G - PolicyTracker May 2014
"Researchers from New York University (NYU) said at the Brooklyn 5G Summit that spectrum in the millimetre wave bands is usable for 5G. The spectrum, which starts at 30 GHz and ends at 300 GHz, has previously been thought of as unusable because its signal attenuates so quickly and can only follow the line of sight. Nevertheless, according to many presentations at the conference, the band could provide at least some of the spectrum that will allow 5G to develop."
5G  Ted-Rappaport  FCC  AT&T  Wi-Fi  Alliance  mmWave 
may 2014 by pierredv
Ofcom | Spectrum Management Approach in the 71-76 GHz and 81-86 GHz bands
"This statement details Ofcom’s decision on the spectrum management approach in the 71-76 GHz and 81-86 GHz bands ("70/80 GHz"). "
Ofcom  70GHz  80GHz  mmWave 
december 2013 by pierredv
Ofcom | Review of the Spectrum Management Approach in the 71-76 GHz and 81-86 GHz bands - aug 2013
"This consultation proposes changes to the management and authorisation approach within the 71 - 76 GHz and 81 - 86 GHz (70 / 80GHz) bands. The 70/80 GHz spectrum has been used in the UK for Fixed Service applications since 2007 and offers access to 2 x 4.75 GHz of bandwidth and the ability to deploy fixed link applications with very high capacity capabilities that are not supported in the lower microwave bands (e.g. 1 Gbit/s and above). " "At present a self coordinated licensing approach is used to authorise use in these bands ...Under the self coordinated licensing approach licensees have responsibility to coordinate new links with existing deployments in the band. However, the Spectrum Review, completed last year, identified that there was a perception among some stakeholders that the current self coordinated approach at 70 / 80 GHz does not offer the certainty that is required for the high availability (99.99% - 99.999%) applications"
licensing  Ofcom  mmWave 
august 2013 by pierredv
Millimeter Waves - GHN: IEEE Global History Network
"The millimeter-wave region of the electromagnetic spectrum corresponds to radio band frequencies of 30 GHz to 300 GHz and is sometimes called the Extremely High Frequency (EHF) range" "Certain characteristics of the earth’s atmosphere pose both problems and solutions for millimeter wave applications. For example, at 60 GHz (5 mm or 0.2 inches wavelength) oxygen molecules will interact with electromagnetic radiation and absorb the energy."
collision-avoidance  radar  60GHz  IEEE  Global  History  Network  radar  mmWave 
august 2013 by pierredv
FCC boosts power limit for outdoor unlicensed 60 GHz links « Steven J. Crowley, P.E. Aug 2013
via Steven Crowley "The FCC has adopted a Report and Order that raises the power limit for outdoor links operating in the 57-64 GHz band on an unlicensed basis. The average equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP) limit is raised from 40 dBm (10 watts) to a maximum of 82 dBm (158,489 watts) depending on how high the antenna gain is. The peak power limit is 3 dB higher. The new power limit is comparable to others the FCC has in the fixed microwave services.This increase is expected to enable higher-capacity outdoor links extending to about one mile. Connection of buildings on a campus is one application, as is connections of small cells within a 4G macrocell. In addition to higher power limits, the FCC also changed the way 60 GHz emissions are specified for consistency with other rules, and it eliminated the need for certain 60 GHz devices to transmit an identifier."
60GHz  FCC  rules  mmWave 
august 2013 by pierredv
Millimeter Waves May Be the Future of 5G Phones - IEEE Spectrum June 2013
"Samsung’s millimeter-wave transceiver technology could enable ultrafast mobile broadband by 2020" "By dynamically varying the signal phase at each antenna, this transceiver generates a beam just 10 degrees wide that it can switch rapidly in any direction, as if it were a hyperactive searchlight." "In outdoor experiments near Samsung’s Advanced Communications Lab, in Suwon, South Korea, a prototype transmitter was able to send data at more than 1 Gb/s to two receivers moving up to 8 kilometers per hour—about the speed of a fast jog. Using transmission power “no higher than currently used in 4G base stations,” the devices were able to connect up to 2 km away when in sight of one another, says Wonil Roh, who heads the Suwon lab. For non-line-of-sight connections, the range shrank to about 200 to 300 meters."
RF  5G  beam-forming  WiGig  IEEE-Spectrum  Samsung  antennas  mmWave 
july 2013 by pierredv
Project Runway: FCC Authorizes Radar for Detecting Foreign Objects on Airport Runways : CommLawBlog
"78-81 GHz will be available for radiolocation, but for FOD only, and only on a licensed basis.  (In a separate proceeding the FCC will continue to consider whether to authorize unlicensed radar operations for other applications in a number of bands, including this band.)" "Note, though, that a nearby band at 76-77 GHz is authorized for unlicensed FOD radar at respectable power levels. "
aviation  waiver  CommLawBlog  radar  80GHz  FCC  rules  mmWave 
july 2013 by pierredv

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