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How science has shifted our sense of identity - Nature Oct 2019, Nathaniel Comfort
I want to suggest that many of the worst chapters of this history result from scientism: the ideology that science is the only valid way to understand the world and solve social problems. Where science has often expanded and liberated our sense of self, scientism has constrained it.
NatureJournal  opinion 
9 days ago by pierredv
Make more digital twins - Nature comment, Sep 2019
"Virtual models boost smart manufacturing by simulating decisions and optimization, from design to operations, explain Fei Tao and Qinglin Qi. "

"There is much to be done to realize the potential of digital twins. . . . Here we set out the main problems and call for closer collaboration between industry and academia to solve them."
1. Data difficulties
2. Model challenges
3. Twin teams

Four bridges
"The following steps would make research and development of digital twins more coherent."
1. Unify data and model standards.
2. Share data and models.
3. Innovate on services.
4. Establish forums.
mirror-worlds  digital-twins  NatureJournal  opinion 
25 days ago by pierredv
The Complex Relationship Between Religion and Purpose - Gallup poll 2007
"Regardless of whether they affiliate themselves with a religion, more than 8 in 10 respondents across 84 countries say their lives have an important meaning or purpose"
Gallup  surveys  polls  opinion  meaning  purpose  religion 
6 weeks ago by pierredv
Marek’s Take: Network slicing is a security nightmare for operators | FierceWireless
“Even if you put security to one side, operationalizing network slicing with any kind of agility, at any kind of scale, is going to be very complex. When you then add in the security requirements — as you have to — that adds yet more complexity,” said Patrick Donegan, founder and principal analyst with HardenStance.

"And 5G networks alone have more security challenges than 3G and 4G networks. . . . each network function has a very large number of secured trusted relationships that have to be up and running continuously."

"But it’s unclear which entity will ultimately be responsible for the security of a network slice. Will it be the underlying operator? Or the enterprise/MVNO that is operating the slice?"

"... there are new players entering the space that see network slicing as an opportunity. For example, cloud providers may be able to offer a solution to this complex undertaking ... [Oracle]"
FierceWireless  5G  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity  opinion 
june 2019 by pierredv
Opinion | The Good-Enough Life - The New York Times - Avram Alpert, Feb 2019
"The desire for greatness can be an obstacle to our own potential"

"The following essay was chosen as the winner of the Brooklyn Public Library’s 2019 Night of Philosophy Op-Ed Contest. "

It is by borrowing from D.W. Winnicott, an important figure in the development of psychoanalysis, that we get perhaps the best name for this other ethics: “the good-enough life.”

...

And its legacy is attested to in the poem “Famous” by Naomi Shihab Nye: “I want to be famous to shuffling men / who smile while crossing streets, / sticky children in grocery lines, / famous as the one who smiled back.”
NYTimes  opinion  advice  essays  ethics 
february 2019 by pierredv
Viewpoint: Do we still need spectrum auctions? | PolicyTracker, Jan 10, 2019 by William Webb
"When there is cleared spectrum to award, the default process is now the auction. It has been widely used for some 30 years and is generally agreed to be the least bad way to distribute spectrum when demand exceeds supply. But is this still true?

"Where the entity awarding the spectrum – typically the national regulator – is unsure as to the best distribution of that spectrum among competing companies, then the auction allows the market to make the decision. But what if the answer is obvious – distribute it equally to the existing mobile operators?"

"Equal distribution could be just that – all operators get the same amount. Or it could be weighted by, for example, market share."
PolicyTracker  spectrum-auctions  William-Webb  opinion  spectrum-assignment 
january 2019 by pierredv
Opinion | Our Cellphones Aren’t Safe - The New York Times, Dec 2018
America’s cellular network is as vital to society as the highway system and power grids. Vulnerabilities in the mobile phone infrastructure threaten not only personal privacy and security, but also the country’s. According to intelligence reports, spies are eavesdropping on President Trump’s cellphone conversations and using fake cellular towers in Washington to intercept phone calls. Cellular communication infrastructure, the system at the heart of modern communication, commerce and governance, is woefully insecure. And we are doing nothing to fix it.
technology  security  privacy  NYT  EFF  opinion  cyber-spectrum  cellular 
december 2018 by pierredv
Is 5G a Spectrum-eating Monster that Destroys Competition? Fred Goldstein, June 2018
"But 5G isn’t, as the FCC members tweet, a race that the US has to somehow “win” against China, lest uncertain horrors result. The likely real purpose of 5G is less obvious than its technology. 5G is more like a cult, a sacrificial cult that is being designed to kill off what little competition is left in the telecom industry."

"Today the biggest carriers and their backers have a new sun god called 5G. But unlike the sun, we don't know who really needs it. It’s based on a supplier-driven model, not a demand pull, given that 4G LTE has been both a technical and market success, and continues to be enhanced."
opinion  5G  critique 
september 2018 by pierredv
The FSS sector and the LEO-GEO stalemate - SpaceNews.com Sep 2018
"Orders for traditional geostationary satellites have fallen precipitously over the past three years. Industry counts show orders dropped from 26 GEO orders in 2014, to 15 in 2016 and seven in 2017. Most observers don’t believe 2018 will be much better. There are many reasons for the decline, ranging from a plateau in satellite video distribution to rapidly evolving high-throughput satellite (HTS) and digital payload technology that has created overcapacity in some segments and makes operators anxious about ordering long-life satellites that may soon be obsolete. These risks might be manageable if not for the planned low Earth orbit (LEO) constellations, with their promises of lower pricing, amplifying pricing and capacity concerns."

"The lack of clarity over the satellite industry’s future has led to an incredible standoff. On the one hand, the satellite industry is in a situation where investment in geostationary satellites is stalled due to uncertainties over the long-term industry outlook, particularly when LEO constellations enter. On the other hand, investment in LEO constellations is stalled due to shorter-term concerns about the availability of affordable consumer hardware."

"Will a LEO antenna manufacturer emerge to meet the performance and price targets needed to break this deadlock or will there be a realization that the technical challenges are insurmountable? "
LEO  GEO  opinion  NGSO  satellite  antennas  Armand-Musey 
september 2018 by pierredv
Congress must grow to check the administrative state - AEI Sep 2018
"The rise of the administrative state and the corresponding decline in power of the legislative branch is much lamented, often by political conservatives, and rightly so. The executive branch so dominates policymaking that Congress often stands by as major aspects of public policy get rewritten without any change to underlying law. The country’s founders wanted the people’s representatives in the House and Senate to serve as checks on an overly assertive executive branch. Congress’s persistent failure to properly fulfill this essential constitutional role in recent years is one reason the nation’s politics are out of balance."
AEI  opinion  governance  US  politics 
september 2018 by pierredv
FCC Commissioner O'Rielly's Appalling Op-Ed on the ITU - Aug 2018
The FCC Commissioner Michael O'Reilly's recently contributed opinion on the ITU in "The Hill" is beyond bizarre. It also sadly displays an appalling lack of knowledge of the organization and its history. I find it disturbing — as someone who held senior positions at both the FCC and the ITU and wrote the organization's history — how fundamentally ignorant an FCC Commissioner could be today of the global telecommunications ecosystem. Unfortunately, it seems symptomatic of the current Administration's anti-multilateral, alt-truth approaches.
OpenID  opinion  ITU  FCC 
august 2018 by pierredv
Hardly Anyone Wants to Admit America Is Beating Poverty - WSJ, Bruce D. Meyer and James X. Sullivan , Aug 2018
"poverty has declined significantly over the past 50 years, but neither side has recognized the major progress that has been made."

"Instead of focusing on reported incomes, our work measures poverty based on consumption: what food, housing, transportation and other goods and services people are able to purchase. This approach, which captures the effect of noncash programs and accounts for the known bias in the CPI-U, demonstrates clearly that there is much less material deprivation than there was decades ago. "
WSJ  opinion  poverty  US 
august 2018 by pierredv
Why the Private Spaceflight Industry Needs More Lawyers (Op-Ed) Jul 2018
"We need law schools to prepare students for this infinite realm of property law regarding physical property, like the construction and use of spacecraft, space stations and even to attempts to colonize the moon and Mars. That preparation also extends to the vast universe of intellectual property. Law students also need to learn the mechanics of laws governing aviation and space travel, as well as personal liability and insurance. And existing lawyers need to expand their knowledge of these subjects, lest the commercial quest for space have nowhere to go because too many questions go unanswered."
opinion  space  law  education 
august 2018 by pierredv
April 2018 - EO from LEO: Earth Observation Going Mainstream | Via Satellite april 2018
"NewSpace has largely put the idea of one-off satellites into the rearview mirror. Now the sector seems to be pushing the idea of a one-off constellation behind us as well."

"A decade ago, it took about $1 billion and 10 years to launch a constellation. Today, the advent of nanosatellites has cut that down to around $100 million and three years — still significant."
EO  LEO  remote-sensing  opinion 
may 2018 by pierredv
Gorsuch Ruling On Immigration Case: A Blow Against The Administrative State - april 2018
Last week, one week after the first anniversary of Neil Gorsuch's ascension to the Supreme Court, he delivered an opinion that was excellent as it pertained to the case at issue and momentous in its implications pertaining to the institutional tangle known as the administrative state.

 
00:52
00:52
If he can persuade his fellow court conservatives to see why they were mistaken in disagreeing with him, and if he can persuade his liberal colleagues to follow the logic of their decision with which he concurred, the judiciary will begin restoring constitutional equilibrium. It will limit Congress' imprecise legislating that requires excessive unguided improvising by all those involved in seeing that the laws are "faithfully" executed.
opinion  George-Will  law  regulations 
april 2018 by pierredv
GDPR and the End of the Internet’s Grand Bargain
A "sky is falling" argument, framed as questions for deniability: "The age of the free and open internet may come to an end, and quickly."

"In May the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation goes into effect, two years after passage by the European Parliament. This radical new privacy law, which covers any business that processes information about EU residents, will dramatically affect the way data is collected, stored, and used, including for U.S. companies doing business abroad."

"For those who can afford it, the EU’s new deal for data will make interactions feel more private and less, well, creepy. The question EU regulators and their supporters abroad never seem to ask, however, is this: What about the rest of us?"
HBR  Larry-Downes  opinion  internet  business-models  advertising 
april 2018 by pierredv
Avoiding Collisions in Outer Space - Yousaf Butt -The New York Times Mar 2019
"How much distance should separate these various constellations so that any collision in one doesn’t create havoc for those in higher or lower orbits? Currently, orbital slots in low Earth orbit are not assigned — you launch to wherever you like — but this laissez-faire attitude may soon need revisiting."

"If regulatory streamlining doesn’t happen soon, there’s a real danger that space start-ups may get fed up and decide to base their headquarters overseas."

"This concern underscores the importance of an international agreement on norms or a code of conduct. For instance, Gen. John Hyten, commander of the United States Strategic Command, has called for “international norms of behavior in space.” Norms can serve to highlight aggressive or abnormal behavior by adversaries and would be militarily useful."
NYTimes  opinion  Space  space-debris 
march 2018 by pierredv
The merits of revisiting Michael Young - Bagehot, Feb 2018
AFTER much searching, Bagehot has found a book that at last explains what is going on in British politics. This wonderful volume not only reveals the deeper reasons for all the bizarre convulsions. It also explains why things are not likely to get better any time soon. The book is Michael Young’s “The Rise of the Meritocracy”—and it was published 60 years ago this year.
TheEconomist  politics  meritocracy  books  culture  opinion  education 
february 2018 by pierredv
Line of Sight – What’s wrong with Gigabit wireless access? (Reality Check) Jan 2018
Via Dale Hatfield
"Spoiler Alert: Obstructions."

"Access-industry veterans have seen and participated in a variety of attempts at wireless fixed broadband access over the years, and they know several key challenges must be overcome for new wireless solutions to meet the real-world demands of gigabit access in the general copper-replacement case. Many of these challenges — spectral efficiency, interference management, continuous adaptation to changing conditions, uniform service delivery throughout coverage areas, and stable, deterministic performance — follow directly from the first and most prominent issue on the list: obstructions."

"Tarana’s Residential LoS Availability study took the industry’s first careful look at the fixed wireless access obstruction challenges in residential neighborhoods."
5G  broadband  RCRWireless  Tarana  propagation  opinion  mmWave 
january 2018 by pierredv
What is the Future for Mobile Network Operators? CircleID - Paul Budde, Jan 2018
"We have seen the fixed telecom operators slowly being pushed back into the infrastructure utility market.

"Mobile networks are moving in that same direction — that is, the largest part of their network will be a utility, with currently two, three or four mobile infrastructure providers per country and little economic sense for overbuilding the basic infrastructure, the industry is facing serious problems."

"So a convergence is taking place. Increasingly the backbone networks for the mobile operators will mimic the fixed ones, and there will be little room for duplication of these networks. So wireless will increasingly be a retail element rather than a basic network.

"These changes are already reflected in the evaluation of some of the mobile network operators (MNOs) and mobile tower operators. Those of the MNOs are going down while those of the tower operators are going up. This is a clear indication of where the financial market sees the market moving to."

" A holistic approach will be needed instead of one that is aimed at protecting a sharp divide between mobile and fixed networks."
CircleID  opinion  mobile  cellular  commerce  broadband 
january 2018 by pierredv
Editor’s Corner—So Verizon’s launching ‘5G’ in Sacramento? Big deal | FierceWireless Mov 2017
Verizon made headlines yesterday with the news that it will launch 5G residential broadband services in up to five markets in 2018, starting with Sacramento, California. I say: ho hum.
FierceWireless  Monica-Alleven  5G  Verizon  opinion 
november 2017 by pierredv
How Developing Countries Can Prevent Their Own Equifax Breach | CGAP
Developing countries have a great advantage when it comes to data security — they can learn from the lessons of developed countries. The recent incident involving the security breach at the American credit bureau Equifax, that exposed the personal information of over 145 million people, provides two important lessons: avoid big databases where possible and give consumers more control over their personal information.
CGAP  finance  development-assistance  cybersecurity  Equifax  opinion 
november 2017 by pierredv
The case for an efficiency tax, Economist Mar 2017
"EFFICIENCY is at the heart of progress. Yet just as too much of a good thing (travel, say) can yield a bad (congestion), so excessive ease in transactions can generate costs, known in the jargon as a “facile externality”, such that less efficiency would actually be more efficient. In academic circles, especially Scandinavian ones, the notion is well established that innovations which eliminate too much hassle could do society harm."

"In all this indulgence, the forgone benefits of hassle (slygge in Danish) go largely unrecognised. Frictionlessness encourages bad habits."

"Payments are also subject to facile externality. Three in five Britons say they spend more with a wave of the plastic than they would with cash"
TheEconomist  tax  efficiency  opinion  economics  externalities  AprilFool 
october 2017 by pierredv
How Politics Stalls Wireless Innovation - WSJ, Oct 2017
Some of it is arguable, e.g.
• “LightSquared quickly spent about $4 billion” (it’s been a while since I dug around, but I couldn’t find any evidence in their bankruptcy filing that this much went out the door)
• “the FCC yanked LightSquared’s licenses” (it didn’t yank the license, it withdrew the ATC waiver that was conditional on not causing harmful interference).
• “To use radio spectrum, parties must stay in their lanes” (doesn’t seem to grok how overload works – or maybe he thinks parties have to assume infinite power in adjacent bands, and pay for reductions)

But there’s stuff to agree with, e.g. “the costliest spectrum conflicts emanate from overprotecting old services at the expense of the new.”

Interestingly, he says nothing about auctioning overlays (probably too hard to explain in an op-ed), preferring to ask for Ligado to get a pass, and sending border disputes to arbitration.
Tom-Hazlett  opinion  spectrum  politics  WSJ 
october 2017 by pierredv
Viewpoint: Is CBRS a help or hindrance in the 5G race? | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"So there is a strong argument that CBRS will actually enable the US to deploy a much higher capacity cellular system, with both frequencies for conventional outdoor deployment and also for excellent in-building coverage. Innovative approaches are likely to emerge to enable roaming between outdoor and indoor systems, load balancing with Wi-Fi and more. The US could end up as a global leader in what seems a much more likely network of the future than any 3.5 GHz outdoor solution."
opinion  William-Webb  CBRS  3.5GHz  5G 
september 2017 by pierredv
ANALYSIS: Administration's sloppy ATC rhetoric hurts chance for reform | Opinions content from ATWOnline, Sep 2017
"The ATC entity would be independent, like the US Postal Service (certainly no one’s idea of a private corporation), and be removed from the federal government’s annual appropriations process. That way, it could make large investments in modernization that may not necessarily pay off immediately, but would generate huge benefits down the line. And it could make course corrections along the way as technology evolved and changed without cumbersome legislative alternations. It is not turning ATC over to a private, for-profit corporation. And FAA would become the regulator of the ATC entity and no longer be in the odd position of regulating itself managing ATC. This is basically how ATC works in most of the industrialized world."

"There are two main groups opposed to spinning off ATC from FAA: 1) good-government liberals who are against “privatizing” what they see as key government functions and 2) the general aviation community, given voice by the National Business Aviation Association (NBAA)."
AviationWeek  opinion  FAA  ATC  aviation 
september 2017 by pierredv
Technology Neutrality Essential to Enabling Competitive 5G Communications | Via Satellite, July/August 2017, Jennifer Manner
"Only through following the principle of technology neutrality whereby governments enable platforms, not technologies, to compete, will the future vision of 5G bringing wide-spread advanced communications services to all Americans, wherever they are located, be achieved."

"5G will consist of an ecosystem of communications platforms that will ensure the types of anytime, anywhere communications that users have come to expect. To realize this vision, 5G requires the inclusion of all communications platforms to meet the demands of United States consumers."

"The U.S. government must step away from adopting policies and regulations that focus on enabling a single communications platform to provide needed communications services. "

"While simply splitting spectrum into identically-sized pieces may not be appropriate, it is inappropriate for governments to pick technological winners to the detriment of other technologies. For example, as Congress frees up government spectrum, it must be available to platforms based on a technology neutral basis."

"In its recent [Spectrum Frontiers] decision, the FCC adopted a spectrum sharing regime to enable terrestrial 5G services to the detriment of satellite."
ViaSatellite  Jennifer-Manner  opinion  satellite  5G  broadband 
september 2017 by pierredv
Bridging the Digital Divide with a High Quality, Low-Cost, Timely Solution | Via Satellite, April 2017, Jennifer Manner
"Fiber is not the only solution to bridging the digital divide and providing broadband services at the FCC-defined broadband speed. In just a couple of months, Hughes Network Services will offer across the continental United States and parts of Alaska a new High Throughput Satellite (HTS) service that offers FCC broadband speeds"

"Even as demand across the country increases for broadband services, the cost of placing additional satellites into service is only a small percentage of the cost to build fiber out to the homes of the final 14 percent of Americans not covered today."
ViaSatellite  Jennifer-Manner  opinion  satellite  broadband 
september 2017 by pierredv
Technology is outsmarting net neutrality - AEI
"Net neutrality is having a Gilda Radner moment. After years of debate, protests, name-calling, and the like, technology is leaving net neutrality behind. Here are at least three indicators that technology is outsmarting net neutrality."

1. 5G will use network slicing, which enables multiple virtual networks on a common physical infrastructure
2. Netflix and other large edge providers are bypassing the internet. More specifically, they are building or leasing their own networks designed to their specific needs and leaving the public internet — the system of networks that only promise best efforts to deliver content — to their lesser rivals.
3. One of its basic premises is that customers should not be restricted in any way regarding the resources they can reach. But apps, by their very nature, violate that premise.
AEI  Mark-Jamison  opinion  NetNeutrality 
september 2017 by pierredv
Why We Need a Civil Space Traffic Management System (STM), Moriba Jah - Via Satellite, Aug 2017
"Do we have an equivalent Civil Space Traffic Management (CSTM) System? No. Do we need one? Absolutely. Why? The uncontrolled and unpredictable growth of the use of near-Earth space. But what form could a CSTM System take? And what role should America have in it?"

"The CSTM’s primary functions would be to:
= Observe and Monitor: Space domain and traffic observations, Space Situational Awareness (SSA)
= Track and Catalog: Identify, characterize, and catalog objects; relational statistics, catalog updates, traffic attribution, achieve track “custody”
= Analyze and Inform: Information dissemination, safety products, conjunction data messages"

"I’ll begin by saying that our space domain and environment is no longer the sparsely populated, state-actor-dominant sphere of activity it was decades ago."

"So, who is rigorously and comprehensively analyzing the growth of the Resident Space Object (RSO) population and how does this affect orbital safety of operations and the long-term sustainability of space activities? The view of most space actors and investors is that it is someone else’s problem!"

The US "has developed, maintains, and distributes to the rest of the world the largest free record of cataloged man-made objects in space, so called RSOs. This catalog is owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Defense ... However, for the growing needs and demands of the space community, these products have been shown many times to be inadequate."

"We need a CSTM system because orbital debris experts worldwide agree that, compared to what is being tracked in our USSTRATCOM catalog, the number of mission-damaging and debris-generating RSOs (1 centimeter in diameter and larger) is at least 100 times greater."

"For reasons of national security, USSTRATCOM cannot be fully transparent in providing knowledge of where all trackable RSOs are located in space. This is at odds with efforts at the United Nations Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN-COPUOS) ... Other countries are developing their own Space Situational Awareness (SSA) program and their own catalog of RSOs, in part because the USSTRATCOM products do not meet their SSA and STM needs and requirements"

"In order to put this CTSM system in place, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) needs an adequately funded and resourced mandate to: 1) use their STM Pilot Program to work with the community and provide the first instance of a Civil STM system, and 2) begin collecting and exploiting space object (e.g. non-SSN tracking) data for orbital safety purposes, with an eye to do this via a Public-Private-Partnership (PPP)."

"NASA should expand its existing role ..."
SatelliteToday  satellite  space-debris  space-junk  FAA  NASA  opinion 
august 2017 by pierredv
Industry Voices—Schoolar: Here comes unlicensed LTE … finally | FierceWireless, Aug 2017
T-Mobile launched commercial LTE-U networks across six cities in February. Furthermore, in June T-Mobile trialed LAA achieving 741 Mbps downlink, and plans to deploy it this year. Also in June, AT&T reported hitting 750 Mbps in its LTE-LAA trial, with its own plans for commercial launch by end of 2017. In the month of August, Verizon announced it is in the process of rolling out a commercial LTE-LAA network. The company also reported reaching 953 Mbps downlink speed in a recent trial. Outside of the U.S. (but in June as well), MTS of Russia has been trialing LTE-LAA. For these, and other operators, LTE using unlicensed spectrum helps get them to 1 Gbps LTE.
FierceWireless  LTE-U  unlicensed  5GHz  opinion  Verizon  T-Mobile  AT&T 
august 2017 by pierredv
Industry Voices—Madden: A shake-up is coming to RRH semiconductors for LTE base stations | FierceWireless
"In the market for mobile infrastructure, the change to Massive MIMO is shaking up the established order. Comfortable players like Xilinx and Analog Devices are developing radically different and new semiconductor modules to capture a larger share of the future market, with higher levels of integration. As one simple example, we will see integration of data converters with the digital front end, to cut power consumption by 40%. The size of the radio will shrink by 70% or more, so that the OEMs can line up 64 radios together in a Massive MIMO array. It’s not your father’s base station anymore."

"For the 80-100 chip vendors that support the RRH, this year is a critical time. Each supplier must choose a direction for 2018-2019 products, and the uncertainty around 16T16R or 128T128R is paralyzing many of them. But there’s no time to wait: The wide bandwidth and high performance required in 5G will drive a new profit cycle in RF semiconductors, so chip vendors can’t miss the 2019-2020 wave of deployment."
FierceWireless  opinion  semiconductors  cellular  infrastructure  MIMO  massive-MIMO  trends  5G 
july 2017 by pierredv
Editor’s Corner—Google vs. T-Mobile, AT&T, Verizon in 3.5 GHz showdown | FierceWireless, Jul 2017
T-Mobile and CTIA created quite the upheaval when they proposed changes to the 3.5 GHz rules that were passed last year, once again pitting mobile carriers against the internet giant Google and a lot of smaller companies, including WISPs that are serving rural areas, a particular area of interest for one FCC chairman in particular.

In one corner, you’ve got T-Mobile, CTIA, AT&T, Verizon, Qualcomm, Ericsson and others. In the other corner are Google, Alphabet’s Access group, the City of New York, Starry, the Dynamic Spectrum Alliance, Ruckus Wireless, Rise Broadband and a host of smaller wireless ISPs.
FierceWireless  opinion  3.5GHz 
july 2017 by pierredv
Editor's Corner—Telecom’s move to software and virtualization hounded by the same old problems | FierceWireless May 2017
"For years, carriers and vendors have been touting the wonders of software-defined networking (SDN) and network functions virtualization (NFV). These technologies, the argument goes, will enable network operators to replace expensive, proprietary hardware with software-powered, virtualized services running on cheap, off-the-shelf hardware. The result, vendors and carriers have said, will be an industry that can pivot on a dime, quickly developing and launching new, powerful, revenue-generating services while cutting costs in the process. The result, however, is not quite that. At least not yet."

Level 3 "is reluctant to go much further down that path due to concerns that what the company develops might not interoperate with services from other vendors or carriers"

"AT&T, an early mover in the SDN and NVF space, has said it expects that fully 55% of its network operations will be virtualized by the end of this year. . . . But still, AT&T doesn’t yet have any concrete cost savings it can point to from its virtualized, software-powered migration."

Verizon "said that the operator’s decision to standardize much of its software efforts on OpenStack “is a challenge right now.” "

"But standardization efforts in this area are still in their early phases, and expenses are mounting."

"It’s no surprise that the telecom industry is calling for more interoperability in its migration to SDN and NFV. After all, interoperability is one of the few key tenets underpinning the growth of the global telecommunications industry—communications only work when everyone speaks the same language."
FierceWireless  SDN  NFV  opinion  standards  AT&T  Verizon  OpenStack 
may 2017 by pierredv
In Venezuela, we couldn’t stop Chávez. Don’t make the same mistakes we did. - The Washington Post
here is some advice on how to avoid Venezuela’s mistakes.

Don’t forget who the enemy is. . . What makes you the enemy? It’s very simple to a populist: If you’re not a victim, you’re a culprit.

Show no contempt.
Don’t feed polarization, disarm it. This means leaving the theater of injured decency behind.

Don’t try to force him out.
... Look, opponents were desperate. We were right to be. But a hissy fit is not a strategy.

Find a counterargument. (No, not the one you think.)
. . . Your challenge is to prove that you belong in the same tribe as them — that you are American in exactly the same way they are.
Venezuela  US  politics  populism  opinion 
february 2017 by pierredv
Open source and the coming disruption of the telecom value chain
"In the internet world, large cloud players built their data centers using white box hardware and open source software to ease and improve service delivery. . . On the other hand, telecom service providers have relied on specialized vendors, .... To improve their competitive position, a number of forward-looking telecom service providers have embarked on a process to explore the benefits of open source in projects such as"
opensource  RCRWireless  telecoms  opinion 
january 2017 by pierredv
Op-ed: I’m throwing in the towel on PGP, and I work in security | Ars Technica - Filipps Valsorda Dec 2016
“If you need to securely contact me... DM me asking for my Signal number.”
"If we meet in person and need to set up a secure channel, we will just exchange a secret passphrase to use with what's most appropriate: OTR, Pond, Ricochet."
"All in all, I should be the perfect user for PGP: competent, enthusiast, embedded in a similar community. But it just didn't work."
"A long-term key is as secure as the minimum common denominator of your security practices over its lifetime. It's the weak link."
PGP  privacy  cybersecurity  ArsTechnica  opinion  Signal  * 
december 2016 by pierredv
There is a blind spot in AI research : Nature News & Comment - Oct 2016
“People worry that computers will get too smart and take over the world, but the real problem is that they’re too stupid and they’ve already taken over the world.” This is how computer scientist Pedro Domingos sums up the issue in his 2015 book The Master Algorithm1. Even the many researchers who reject the prospect of a ‘technological singularity’ — saying the field is too young — support the introduction of relatively untested AI systems into social institutions.

In part thanks to the enthusiasm of AI researchers, such systems are already being used by physicians to guide diagnoses. They are also used by law firms to advise clients on the likelihood of their winning a case, by financial institutions to help decide who should receive loans, and by employers to guide whom to hire.

AI will not necessarily be worse than human-operated systems at making predictions and guiding decisions. On the contrary, engineers are optimistic that AI can help to detect and reduce human bias and prejudice. But studies indicate that in some current contexts, the downsides of AI systems disproportionately affect groups that are already disadvantaged by factors such as race, gender and socio-economic background2.

We believe that a fourth approach is needed. A practical and broadly applicable social-systems analysis thinks through all the possible effects of AI systems on all parties. It also engages with social impacts at every stage — conception, design, deployment and regulation.
AI  automation  Ryan-Calo  opinion  NatureJournal 
october 2016 by pierredv
New age nonsense seeks to censor writers’ imagination - Sep 2016
via Johan Myburgh, Skrywers & Boeke Sep 2016

"For those who missed the original brouhaha, American ­writer Shriver — actually, we should probably say the straight, white, female American writer, since it’s apparently important that we know all this before we read her books — was invited to give the opening ­address at the Brisbane Writers Festival."

"Then came the chilling aftermath. The festival organisers — ­director Julie Beveridge and her team — were shaken to the core, not by Shriver’s speech but by the idea that people were offended. There were meetings behind closed doors and in the writers’ green room where I sat watching as they grappled with what to do."
censorship  books  opinion 
october 2016 by pierredv
Maybe Drone Privacy Shouldn't Be a Federal Case - IEEE Spectrum
"Yesterday, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration’s new drone rules went into effect. While many drone enthusiasts were pleased to see some long-awaited progress on this front, the folks at the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), a privacy advocacy organization in Washington, D.C., don’t count in that group. They’ve been wrangling in court with the FAA over the lack of privacy safeguards in the new regulations—an issue that has dogged drone regulation for years."
"Causby’s legal case went all the way to the Supreme Court in 1946, where the justices found that despite need for public airspace, landowners still commanded rights to “the immediate reaches of the enveloping atmosphere.” In Causby’s case, those immediate reaches went all the way up to 365 feet above ground level. We’re talking prime drone territory here."
IEEE-Spectrum  drones  privacy  FAA  law  opinion 
september 2016 by pierredv
Madden: What if there is no 'Next Big Thing'? | FierceWireless - Aug 2016
"In the IoT market, there is rapid growth toward billions of devices. We’ve built up a forecast that looks fairly solid for 6 billion devices in 2021, and we can see the possibility of 20 billion as many people predict. But the average service revenue per device will be pitiful. Many of these devices will carry service revenue of between $1 and $5 per year. By 2025, total IoT service revenue may reach $50 billion-$100 billion. That’s likely to be a great success case for some companies but it’s still only 5-10 percent of today’s mobile market.

The market for 5G broadband has similar problems. Faster data is always appreciated, but additional ARPU is very unlikely in the saturated smartphone market.    That’s why operators are viewing 5G differently: not as another always-everywhere service, but as a way to support fixed broadband services. Mobile operators will compete with cable operators and fiber-to-the-home. The business case will be very limited, to regions with two attributes: High revenue potential and limited competition. "
FierceWireless  IoT  5G  opinion  trends 
august 2016 by pierredv
Viewpoint: What is wrong with the 5G vision? — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
William Webb
"The 5G vision has not been coupled with a business case, nor integrated well with the existing structure of operators and other players in the current communications environment."
William-Webb  PolicyTracker  5G  opinion 
june 2016 by pierredv
Conference rage: 'How did awful panel discussions become the default format?' | Global Development Professionals Network | The Guardian
"With my How Change Happens hat on, the obvious question is, why haven’t things changed already? Using the handy 3i rule of thumb, is it ideas, institutions or interests that are keeping things this way?"
TheGuardian  conferences  opinion 
june 2016 by pierredv
Business in America: The problem with profits - Economist, Leader, Apr 2016
"Big firms in the United States have never had it so good. Time for more competition"
“Most of the remedies dangled by politicians to solve America’s economic woes would make things worse. ... Better to unleash a wave of competition. The first step is to take aim at cosseted incumbents. Modernising the antitrust apparatus would help. Mergers that lead to high market share and too much pricing power still need to be policed. But firms can extract rents in many ways.… The second step is to make life easier for startups and small firms.”
TheEconomist  usa  competition  commerce  opinion 
april 2016 by pierredv
Climate change means the flood defence rule book needs a rewrite - New Scientist - Opinion 16 Jan 2016
"The chaotic behaviour of weather systems makes it impossible to accurately predict rainfall, river flows and the like more than a few weeks in advance. However, hydrologists tend to assume that these variables fluctuate randomly in the long run, which means that their average value, or the probability of exceeding a given threshold, can be estimated accurately from lots of observations. What’s more, these results do not change over time – a property known as “stationarity”– and so form the basis of flood defence plans."

But some hydrologists are saying that climate change => stationarity is dead.
NewScientist  opinion  climate-change  modeling  statistics  weather 
march 2016 by pierredv
Why the US needs a new, tech-driven growth strategy - CSMonitor.com Feb 2016
By Gregory Tassey, Economic Policy Research Center, University of Washington "What the country most needs is to adopt a new, technology-driven growth strategy that supports investments in four major categories of assets that drive productivity growth: technological innovation, new equipment and machinery, labor skills, and infrastructure."
growth  opinion  CSMonitor  productivity 
march 2016 by pierredv
Journal Editors To Researchers: Show Everyone Your Clinical Data : Shots - Health News : NPR
"last Wednesday, the editors of the leading medical journals around the world made a proposal that could change medical science forever. They said that researchers would have to publicly share the data gathered in their clinical studies as a condition of publishing the results in the journals. This idea is now out for public comment."
research  medicine  transparency  reproducibility  NPR  opinion 
january 2016 by pierredv
How Congress lost control of the regulators | TheHill
"At the center of the analysis is the identification of a growing phenomenon that the Phoenix Center labels as "issue bundling." As the Phoenix Center explains, issue bundling occurs when the regulator and the regulated make a deal to combine a variety of unrelated issues in exchange for regulatory relief."
Larry-Spiwak  PhoenixCenter  enforcement  mergers  FCC  opinion 
october 2015 by pierredv
We should accept that accidents will happen - New Scientist leader, 12 Aug 2015
"It’s getting ever easier to pin the blame for every accident on somebody, somewhere. We should resist that urge" "The trouble is that no-fault goes against our social instinct to seek out causes and allocate blame. This has generally served us well. Without it, we would live in a much more dangerous world than we do. But in chasing down blame, we should recall that a propensity for error is the flipside of the capacity to take risks. And risk-taking is a vital component of any conception of progress."
NewScientist  opinion  risk  regulation 
october 2015 by pierredv
Time to fix patents - The Economist, Aug 8th
"Ideas fuel the economy. Today’s patent systems are a rotten way of rewarding them"
TheEconomist  patents  IPR  opinion 
september 2015 by pierredv
The State of Cost-Benefit Analysis at the S.E.C. - The New York Times - David Zaring, Jul 2015
"The cost-benefit analysis is controversial. . . The S.E.C.’s recent proposal of a compensation clawback rule can tell us something about the state of cost-benefit analysis in financial rule-making today. . . The court’s interest in cost-benefit analysis might be said to have two degrees in intensity. The first, a requirement that the S.E.C. do one, and do it carefully, appears to have been internalized by the agency. A second, more intensive, cost-benefit analysis would require a quantification of the costs and benefits."
opinion  NYTimes  cost-benefit-analysis  SEC  government 
july 2015 by pierredv
The Moral Bucket List - David Brooks - The New York Times
"It occurred to me that there were two sets of virtues, the résumé virtues and the eulogy virtues." - "So a few years ago I set out to discover how those deeply good people got that way."
David-Brooks  morality  opinion  NYTimes 
april 2015 by pierredv
Total safety an illusion for Japan's nuclear restart - opinion - 03 December 2014 - New Scientist
"Two key questions come to the fore in such an earthquake-prone region: which hazards can nuclear plants withstand, and can society as a whole live with the risks posed by hazards that plants cannot withstand? The latter is an inherently political question." "Both pro- and anti-nuclear advocates have argued that nuclear plants should be restarted if and only if they can withstand a "worst-case" scenario – albeit with each side trying to game the definition of the worst case. This may sound sensible, but it is logically flawed. When it comes to natural hazards there is no "worst case"."
NewScientist  risk-assessment  opinion  pollution  politics  worst-case  nuclear 
april 2015 by pierredv
Most violence arises from morality, not the lack of it - www.newscientist.com Opinion
"Contrary to popular perception, people are rarely violent simply because they lose control and fail to think about right and wrong. They rarely commit violence because they lack empathy and fail to see their victims as fully human. And almost no one is violent because they draw sadistic pleasure from the suffering of others. Across cultures and history, there is generally one motive for hurting or killing: people are violent because it feels like the right thing to do. They feel morally obliged to do it." "In short, most violence is morally motivated to create, conduct, protect, redress, terminate or mourn crucial relationships, according to the cultural norms of the group that people belong to." "we must reorient potential perpetrators to find non-violent ways to regulate their relationships. Moreover, we must make perpetrators know that their violent actions will violate their relationships with people they care about. "
NewScientist  opinion  violence  morality  ethics  ** 
april 2015 by pierredv
P25: Not a One-Size-Fits-All Technology - Radio Resource Magazine: OnlyOnline - Feb 2015
By Andrew E. Schwartz -- "The National Public-Safety Telecommunications Council’s (NPSTC) twice-issued Project 25 (P25) position paper is an affront to the intelligence of all public-safety communications systems managers tasked with maintaining reliable solutions for their agencies/customers. In my home state, first responders use all common public-safety bands. They also lack, similar to most places, the funding to purchase expensive P25 equipment. Most public-safety first responders in my neighborhood still operate on conventional, and affordable, analog FM radios. This holds true for many public-safety first responders around the country."
P25  public-safety  NPSTC  opinion 
march 2015 by pierredv
Evolution can help head off the next financial crash - opinion - 04 November 2014 - Test - New Scientist
Essay by Eduardo Viegas , Henrik Jeldtoft Jensen and Geoffrey West "We found that financial crises emerge not as the result of specific economic events or regulatory developments, but rather as a result of a long-term evolutionary process that regulates companies' growth – mergers and acquisitions. Inevitably, this process leads to the emergence of imbalanced ecosystems – akin to oligopoly or monopoly – consisting of a few very large, but sluggish "too big to fail" entities, alongside very small, niche entities." "... two mechanisms that act as catalysts for the emergence of a crisis. The first is banks copying the business models of the most (short-term) successful bank, which leads to loss of both diversity and resilience. The second is investors such as fund managers increasing their appetite for risk by trying to outperform competitors."
ecosystems  complexity  finance  economics  NewScientist  opinion 
december 2014 by pierredv
A Lesson Plan for A+ Teachers - Essay - Joel Klein - Nov 2014 online.wsj.com
"Unlike in America, Finnish teachers are drawn from the top 10% of their college classes. They must earn a minimum of a master’s degree before applying for a job, and when they do apply, the competition is stiff. Once they are employed, Finnish teachers go through a yearlong teaching apprenticeship and, if they succeed, are required to devote two hours a week to professional development throughout their careers."
education  teaching  opinion  WSJ 
november 2014 by pierredv
No Offense: The New Threats to Free Speech - John O'Sullivan, WSJ, Oct 2014
"Some years ago, the liberal writer Michael Kinsley described the different attitudes to free speech in the U.K. and the U.S. as follows: “In a country like Great Britain, the legal protections for speech are weaker than ours, but the social protections are stronger. They lack a First Amendment, but they have thicker skin and a greater acceptance of eccentricity of all sorts.” Today, both sorts of protection for speech—legal and social—are weaker than before in both countries. This year, official regulation of the press was passed into U.K. law for the first time since 18th-century juries nullified press prosecutions. These new restraints enjoyed the backing not just of all the parties but apparently of the public as well. In the U.S., the case of Mann v. Steyn, let alone a hypothetical case involving Quran-burning, has yet to be decided. But Democrats in the Senate are seeking to restrict political speech by restricting the money spent to promote it. And in the private sector, Amer"
free-speech  First.Amendment  WSJ  speech  opinion 
november 2014 by pierredv
Guest Post on Patent Pools and Competition | Patently-O Editorial DAvid Balto, Brendan Coffman
"Patent pools pose a unique challenge to antitrust enforcement. On the one hand they solve collective action problems and allow participants to achieve economies of scale that would otherwise be impossible. Patent pools enable market participants to join complementary intellectual property to better manage those IP rights. As the Department of Justice noted, patent pools may “provide competitive benefits by integrating complementary technologies, reducing transaction costs, clearing blocking positions, and avoiding costly infringement litigation.” On the other hand, patent pools can create competitive problems by conferring market power on a group (in the case of member-owned patent pools) or entity (in the case of stand-alone patent pools). Thus, the antitrust enforcement agencies have always been concerned if the pools are over-inclusive and include competing technologies. "
opinion  editorial  patent-pools  antitrust  competition 
july 2014 by pierredv
Washington's Sleeping Sickness - Foreign Policy May 2014
Dispiriting assessment of US inability to address existential challenges - not least because the only remedy proposed is "courage". The problem is not partisanship, but inertia. Two causes: "money is speech", and "superpower smugness". Re Brimley & Scharre's proposal to reboot the US military: "Yet the one thing that we know about this idea is that it's never going to happen. That is because it would require the kind of far-reaching change that the government is terrible at achieving. It would involve confronting moneyed, entrenched interests in the private sector as well as the Pentagon, which kills ideas that threaten its core programs more efficiently than it does any foreign enemy." "In Washington, however, strength lies with the opponents rather than the proponents of change." "Washington's debilitating strain of sleeping sickness [regarding the military] affects other parts of the government too. Indeed, the political system hates action more than nature abhors a vacuum. "
Foreign  Policy  David  Rothkopf  comment  opinion  US  government  Congress 
june 2014 by pierredv
Difference Engine: The internet of nothings | The Economist May 2014
"Devising sensors and algorithms to handle the front- and back-ends of the IoT are the easy part. Unfortunately, few developers are tackling the really difficult bit in the middle—the myriad infrastructural gaps that lie between the sensors in things at the edge of the internet, and the data collection and analysis performed by servers in the cloud at the centre." "As a result, it seems two quite separate IoTs are emerging, each with its own customers and characteristics. One, largely invisible to the outside world, is an industrial-grade network—which may, or may not, run over the internet. This enterprise-class IoT is progressing steadily and reaping real rewards. . . . That is not the case with the consumer-based IoT, an extension of the promised smart home, which aims to serve the needs of private individuals. Lacking the end-to-end integration and expertise that supports the enterprise IoT, the consumer IoT is shaping up to become one of the biggest sources of frustration..."
IoT  internet  trends  TheEconomist  opinion  hacking  cybersecurity 
may 2014 by pierredv
Full disclosure : Nature News & Comment
"As part of a consultation on tougher regulation of silica exposure, OSHA asked that people submitting scientific comments to the agency should declare financial conflicts of interest. According to [OSHA Chief David] Michaels, this might be the first time that any federal agency has made such a request" "But even though this is a request and not a requirement, it has not gone down well in all quarters. In particular, a group of powerful US senators has come out against the idea that such a declaration should be part of federal rule-making (see page 18). They suggest that OSHA might “prejudge the substance” of comments on the basis of such disclosures."
regulation  conflict-of-interest  editorial  opinion  NatureJournal 
march 2014 by pierredv
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