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Withdrawing projections - Bill Plotkin
"In order to begin to withdraw your projections, you must first become aware that you are projecting.... Then you can ask yourself:
What exactly is the quality I like or don't like in the other?
What emotions are evoked by those qualities?
How have I acted on those emotions?
Where do I find these same qualities in myself?
What have I done to disown them and why?
In what ways might my experience of this person be similar to how I experienced someone from my family of origin?"
CGJung  psychology  psychotherapy  projection 
15 days ago by pierredv
Survey: Supernatural Experiences Common Among America's Religious
"Among the most common religious and mystical experiences reported by Americans include protection from harm by a guardian angel (55 percent); calling by God to do something (44 percent); witnessing a miraculous, physical healing (23 percent); and hearing the voice of God (20 percent), according to the second part of the Baylor Religion Survey."
"A total of 1,648 randomly selected adults nationwide were asked to answer more than 350 items in the survey designed by the Baylor Institute for Studies of Religion (ISR) and conducted by the Gallup organizationin the fall of 2007."
religion  surveys  polls  psychology  belief 
22 days ago by pierredv
To Tell Someone They’re Wrong, First Tell Them They’re Right - Quartz, Pocket, Sep 2019
Pascal: "When we wish to correct with advantage, and to show another that he errs, we must notice from what side he views the matter, for on that side it is usually true, and admit that truth to him, but reveal to him the side on which it is false."
argumentation  culture  psychology  rhetoric  Quartz  Blaise-Pascal 
26 days ago by pierredv
William James: Once Born and Twice Born People -
"However this doesn't mean that twice borns are unhappy. The reason is that their attitude often leads to a crisis, experienced as clinical depression, in a desire to understand the meaning of life. But the incompatibility of their desire for making sense of things and their pessimism demands a resolution if they are to love life again. And it is this demand that can lead to rebirth"
"As for the happy life, James said it consists of four main ingredients. First, we must choose to view the world as positive even though life contains sorrow and pain. Second, we must take risks by acting from the demands of our hearts. Third, we must act as if we are free and life is meaningful even though we can't be sure of either. Finally, we should remember that a crisis of meaning often leads to the happiest life."
(This article was reprinted in the online magazine of the Institute for Ethics & Emerging Technologies, May 28, 2016.)
William-James  religion  philosophy  happiness  psychology 
28 days ago by pierredv
Projection - Jung. Definition, examples and discussion
Projection. An automatic process whereby contents of one’s own unconscious are perceived to be in others
CGJung  psychology  psychotherapy  psychoanalysis  projection  Frith  Luton  * 
9 weeks ago by pierredv
Jung's theory of neurosis
"Although adjusted well enough to everyday life, the individual has lost a fulfilling sense of meaning and purpose, and has no living religious belief to which to turn. There seems to be no readily apparent way to set matters right. In these cases, Jung turned to ongoing symbolic communication from the unconscious in the form of dreams and visions."
CGJung  psychology  psychotherapy  dreams  Wikipedia 
9 weeks ago by pierredv
Jung Typology, Myers Briggs Type Indicator, Personality Profile, MBTI
did test Sat 7/27/2019:


INTJ
Introvert(50%) iNtuitive(16%) Thinking(31%) Judging(81%)

You have moderate preference of Introversion over Extraversion (50%)
You have slight preference of Intuition over Sensing (16%)
You have moderate preference of Thinking over Feeling (31%)
You have strong preference of Judging over Perceiving (81%)
Jung  tests  psychology  self 
11 weeks ago by pierredv
Imago (psychology) | Encyclopedia.com
"An unconscious prototype of personae, the imago determines the way in which the subject apprehends others. It is elaborated based on the earliest real and fantasmatic intersubjective relations with family members."
psychology  psychotherapy  CGJung 
june 2019 by pierredv
orchids and dandelions: what kind of feeler are you?
"There are various ways to find out if you are a dandelion or an orchid (also known as a highly sensitive person (HSP) or a “super-feeler”)"
psychology  feelings  emotions 
june 2019 by pierredv
The Surprising Boost You Get From Strangers - WSJ By Elizabeth Bernstein, May 2019
Via WSJ 19/20 Jun 2019

"Sometimes a stranger—not a friend or a loved one—can significantly improve our day. A pleasant encounter with someone we don’t know, even a nonverbal one, can soothe us when no one else is around. It may get us out of our own head—a proven mood booster—and help broaden our perspective. "

Ten Ways to Connect With Strangers

Be brave.
Chat up someone you see regularly
Ask about the other person. Everyone loves to talk about themselves.
Bond during a challenging experience
Ask for help.
Focus on what you have in common.
Mutual disclosure helps.
Use humor.
Make sure the interaction is equal.
Do it again.
WSJ  socialization  friendship  psychology  * 
june 2019 by pierredv
Paul Ricoeur - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
"Self-knowledge only comes through our understanding of our relation to the world and of our life with and among others in time in the world."
"At the end of his three volume study of narrative (Time and Narrative, 1984–88) Ricoeur realized that what was said there pointed to the importance of the idea of a narrative identity. This has to do not just with the identity of the characters in a story or history, but with the larger claim that personal identity in every case can be considered in terms of a narrative identity: what story does a person tell about his or her life, or what story do others tell about it? In effect, narrative identity is one of the ways in which we answer the question “who?” Who is this? Who said that? Did that? Who is that? Who are we?"
StanfordEncyclopediaOfPhilosophy  psychology  philosophy  narrative 
june 2019 by pierredv
Paul Ricoeur and Narrative Identity - Psychology Today, Apr 2016
"French philosopher Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) developed an account of narrative and narrative identity<https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/identity> that has been highly influential."
PsychologyToday  psychology  narrative  philosophy 
june 2019 by pierredv
The 'me' illusion: How your brain conjures up your sense of self | New Scientist Sep 2018
Complexity doesn't imply consciousness: "In other animals, the well-trodden paths in the brain will be different. In bats, for example, it might be those transmitting information from the echolocation clicks used to construct a 3D model of the world. There will be a huge diversity of emergent mental patterns that serve the various survival needs of different species. Looked at this way, there is no clear hierarchy of consciousness corresponding to mental complexity."

"This challenge might have triggered the evolution of a bodily self-awareness akin to that of primates, but Godfrey-Smith sees a clear distinction between the two. “When one watches an octopus squeeze through a tiny space, it certainly looks [different],” he says. Either way, we can rest assured that if an octopus has a sense of self, it will have very little in common with the “self” that inhabits our brains. It is even less likely to be something we can measure with a mirror."
NewScientist  consciousness  psychology 
january 2019 by pierredv
We've started to uncover the true purpose of dreams | New Scientist, Jul 2018
"Mark Blagrove at Swansea University in the UK and his colleagues have found that the emotional strength of the experiences we have when we are awake is linked to the content of our dreams, and the intensity of our dreaming brainwaves."

"Together, these findings suggest that the most intense dreaming activity occurs when our brains are working hard to process recent, emotionally powerful experiences."
NewScientist  dreams  psychology 
december 2018 by pierredv
Dream on: My year pursuing the third state of being | New Scientist, Dec 2018
"Dreaming represents a state in between consciousness and unconsciousness, and this year I’ve been trying to get on top of what we know about this universal and mysterious experience. I went to a dream conference in Arizona, and spent the night in a dream lab in Swansea, UK. There I learned about research providing evidence, for the first time, that explains the purpose of dreaming.

But while scientists are learning more about the function of dreams and of sleep, I’ve been particularly drawn to the mysterious border state between wakefulness and slumber. Sleep scientists call this transient period the hypnagogic state, a highly creative state that has been actively pursued by artists and scientists over the years."
NewScientist  dreams  psychology 
december 2018 by pierredv
When Everything Clicks | Hidden Brain : NPR Jun 2018
Frisbee coach Martin Levy is a big fan of the clicker. He uses it to train his border collies to perform complex jumps and twirls on the Frisbee field. In 2012, after successfully using a clicker to teach his other Frisbee students — the human ones — he decided to up the stakes, and test it out at his day job: as an orthopedic surgeon.
learning  practice  behavior  training  psychology  NPR 
december 2018 by pierredv
How the Brain's Face Code Might Unlock the Mysteries of Perception - Scientific American
Profile of Doris Tsao
Via Linda Chang
"The brain is not just a sequence of passive sieves fishing out faces, food or ducks, she says, “but a hallucinating engine that is generating a version of reality based on the current best internal model of the world”. Her ideas draw on Bayesian inference theory; only by combining perception with high-level knowledge can the brain arrive at the best possible understanding of reality, she says."
psychology  perception  neuroscience  vision  SciAm  profile 
december 2018 by pierredv
Happy with a 20% chance of sadness - Nature Oct 2018
Researchers are developing wristbands and apps to predict moods — but the technology has pitfalls as well as promise.
behavior  NatureJournal  psychology  suicide 
november 2018 by pierredv
Chill factors: The everyday things that make us see ghosts | New Scientist Nov 2017
"Over the years, researchers have singled out various physical, psychological and environmental factors. But debate continues about which ones are actually involved, how they create ghostly experiences and why some of us are more affected than others."

" In the early 1900s, British radio pioneer Oliver Lodge linked physical vibrations to reports of psychic phenomena. Others have since pointed the finger specifically at infrasound – sounds below the normal limit of human hearing – and electromagnetic fields. .... But other studies have been inconclusive."

" in 2009 by a team at Goldsmiths, University of London, who built a room to investigate environmental factors linked to ghostly encounters. Participants in the Haunt project reported plenty of “anomalous” sensations, ranging from tingling and sadness to sensing a presence, terror and even sexual arousal. However, there were no peaks in these effects close to planted sources of infrasound, and they were just as common when the infrasound was off as when it was on."

"The case for electromagnetic fields is less compelling, but O’Keeffe suspects infrasound does have a role in experiences of haunting. ... Context is crucial, though. "

"Some clues come from neurological patients who report feeling someone is there when no one is actually present. Olaf Blanke [et al.] examined some of them, and traced their experiences to lesions in parts of the brain involved in sensorimotor control: ... In particular, damage in any one of three brain areas resulted in the misperception of “self” as “other”."

“Our study shows that the brain has multiple representations of our own body,” says Blanke. “Normally, these are successfully integrated, giving us a unitary experience of our body and self. However, when the brain network is damaged, a second representation of our body – different from our physical body – may arise, which is not experienced as ‘me’ or ‘I’, but rather as the presence of another human being.” He notes that at high altitudes, a lack of oxygen could affect the temporoparietal junction, one brain region his team identified as playing a role in sensing a presence. Physical exhaustion could do so too. “Due to its direct link with sensorimotor processing, it could impact the brain regions we described,” says Blanke.
psychology  NewScientist  paranormal  hallucination  synaesthesia  sound  neuroscience 
october 2018 by pierredv
Effortless thinking: Thoughtlessly thoughtless | New Scientist Dec 2017
click through for examples

= see life as a win-lose game
= childish intuitions
= stereotyping
= sycophancy - suckers for celebrity
= conservatism
= tribalism
= religion
= revenge
= confabulation
NewScientist  bias  psychology 
september 2018 by pierredv
Coffee helps teams work together: Caffeine makes people more positive by making them more alert -- ScienceDaily June 2018
Paper: "Coffee with co-workers: role of caffeine on evaluations of the self and others in group settings" http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0269881118760665?journalCode=jopa

Abstract

This research explores the effect of consuming a moderate amount of commercially available caffeinated coffee on an individual’s self-evaluated participation in a group activity and subsequent evaluations of the experience. Across two studies, results show that consuming a moderate amount of caffeinated coffee prior to indulging in a group activity enhances an individual’s task-relevant participation in the group activity. In addition, subjective evaluations of the participation of other group members and oneself are also positively influenced. Finally, the positive impact of consuming a moderate amount of caffeinated coffee on the evaluation of participation of other group members and oneself is moderated by a sense of an increased level of alertness.


Via New Scientist, issue 3183, June 2018
caffeine  psychology  teamwork  groups 
september 2018 by pierredv
Sleep and dreaming: Where do our minds go at night? | New Scientist Jan 2013
"dreams tend to be silent movies – with just half containing traces of sounds. It is even more unusual to enjoy a meal or feel damp grass beneath your feet – taste, smell and touch appearing only very rarely. Similar studies have tried to pin down some of the factors that might influence what we dream about, though they have struggled to find anything reliable."

"the idea that sleep helps to cement our memories for future recall "

[Mark Blagrove at Swansea University]'s "team has found that memories enter our dreams in two separate stages. They first float into our consciousness on the night after the event itself, which might reflect the initial recording of the memory, and then they reappear between five and seven days later, which may be a sign of consolidation"

"the sleeping brain also forges links to other parts of your mental autobiography, allowing you to see associations between different events"

"Perhaps the intense images are an indication of what a difficult process it is integrating a traumatic event with the rest of our autobiography."

"Despite these advances, many, many mysteries remain. Top of the list is the question of the purpose of our dreams: are they essential for preservation of our memories, for instance – or could we manage to store our life’s events without them? “There’s no consensus,” says [Patrick McNamara at Northcentral University]."

"some research suggesting that TV may have caused a major shift in the form and content of our dreams"
NewScientist  sleep  dreaming  neuroscience  psychology  dreams  memory 
august 2018 by pierredv
The Perils of Empathy - WSJ, Paul Bloom, Dec 2016
Dr. Bloom is the Brooks and Suzanne Ragen Professor of Psychology at Yale University. This essay is adapted from his new book, “Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion,” which will be published next week by Ecco, an imprint of HarperCollins (which, like The Wall Street Journal, is owned by News Corp).

Appeared in the December 3, 2016, print edition as 'The Empathy Trap.'
psychology  morality  empathy  WSJ 
july 2018 by pierredv
Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science | Science, Aug 2015,
"Reproducibility is not well understood because the incentives for individual scientists prioritize novelty over replication. Innovation is the engine of discovery and is vital for a productive, effective scientific enterprise. ... The claim that “we already know this” belies the uncertainty of scientific evidence. Innovation points out paths that are possible; replication points out paths that are likely; progress relies on both. Replication can increase certainty when findings are reproduced and promote innovation when they are not."
reproducibility  replication  psychology  ScienceMag  scientific-method 
july 2018 by pierredv
Culture clash: Why are some societies strict and others lax? | Ne, Apr 2018w Scientist
Article on tightness/looseness as a way of categorizing societies

"Starting in the 1960s, [Dutch social psychologist Geert Hofstede] developed a model for understanding cross-cultural differences based on six dimensions (see “Six degrees of separation”). Since then, one of his metrics, individualism/collectivism, has attracted considerable interest and proved useful in explaining cultural differences, especially those epitomised by typically Western or Eastern modes of thought. But [cultural psychologist Michele] Gelfand believes the focus has been too narrow, and that tightness/looseness is a neglected source of cultural variation that has a huge influence on our behaviour – “a Rosetta stone for human groups”, she says."

"[Gelfand] suspected that tightness is determined by the level of external threat to which a society was exposed historically – whether ecological, such as earthquakes or scarce natural resources, or human-made, such as war. “Tightness is about the need for coordination,” she says. “The idea is that if you are chronically faced with these kinds of threats, you develop strong rules in order to coordinate for survival.”"

"But it doesn’t end there. Gelfand and her colleagues found that the degree of tightness was reflected in all sorts of societal institutions and practices – even after taking national wealth into consideration. Tight societies tend to be more autocratic, with greater media censorship and fewer collective actions such as demonstrations. They are also more conformist and religious, and have more police, lower crime and divorce rates, and cleaner public spaces. ... Loose societies tend to be more disorganised, but also more creative, innovative and tolerant of diversity."
NewScientist  culture  psychology  morality  Geography 
june 2018 by pierredv
Time to talk about why so many postgrads have poor mental health - April 2018
Poor mental health is an issue for many of our readers. That fact is underscored by the response to a tweet sent by @NatureNews earlier this week, which highlighted that rates of depression and anxiety reported by postgraduate students are six times higher than in the general population (T. M. Evans et al. Nature Biotechnol. 36, 282–284; 2018), and asked what should be done to help. The figures are a shock, but it was the reaction that blew us away: more than 1,200 retweets and around 170 replies.
academia  psychology  culture  NatureJournal 
april 2018 by pierredv
These Things Called Empathy: Eight Related but Distinct Phenomena - C Daniel Batson - MIT Press Scholarship
C Daniel Batson
This chapter addresses two questions that empathy is supposed to answer and relate them to eight distinct phenomena that have been called empathy. The first is how one can know what another person is thinking and feeling and the second is what leads one person to respond with sensitivity and care to the suffering of another. The first phenomenon related to empathy is knowing someone else’s internal state, including his or her thoughts and feelings, also known as cognitive empathy. The second is adopting the posture or matching the neural responses of an observed other, or facial empathy. The third concept is coming to feel as another person feels while the fourth is intuiting or projecting oneself into another’s situation. The fifth concept, imagining how another is thinking and feeling, has been variously termed psychological empathy, projection, and perspective taking. The last three phenomenon have been described as “changing places in fancy,” projective empathy, decentering, personal distress, pity, compassion, sympathetic distress, or simply sympathy.
empathy  compassion  psychology 
january 2018 by pierredv
Open Hearts Build Lives: Positive Emotions, Induced Through Loving-Kindness Meditation, Build Consequential Personal Resources
Abstract
B. L. Fredrickson’s (1998, 2001) broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions asserts that people’s daily experiences of positive emotions compound over time to build a variety of consequential personal resources. The authors tested this build hypothesis in a field experiment with working adults (n = 139), half of whom were randomly-assigned to begin a practice of loving-kindness meditation. Results showed that this meditation practice produced increases over time in daily experiences of positive emotions, which, in turn, produced increases in a wide range of personal resources (e.g., increased mindfulness, purpose in life, social support, decreased illness symptoms). In turn, these increments in personal resources predicted increased life satisfaction and reduced depressive symptoms. Discussion centers on how positive emotions are the mechanism of change for the type of mind-training practice studied here and how loving-kindness meditation is an intervention strategy that produces positive emotions in a way that outpaces the hedonic treadmill effect.
compassion  meditation  emotion  psychology 
january 2018 by pierredv
Empathy and compassion: Current Biology 2014, Singer and Klimecki
"In contrast to empathy, compassion does not mean sharing the suffering of the other: rather, it is characterized by feelings of warmth, concern and care for the other, as well as a strong motivation to improve the other’s wellbeing. Compassion is feeling for and not feeling with the other. Given the potentially very different outcomes that empathic or compassionate responses to others’ distress may have, it is of great importance to understand which factors determine the emergence of these different social emotions and to know more about whether and how such emotional responses can be trained and changed."
compassion  empathy  Tania-Singer  psychology  neuroscience 
january 2018 by pierredv
Richard Thaler wins the Nobel prize for economic sciences - Free exchange, The Economist Oct 2017
"Setting out to explore why people feel losses more keenly than gains, he helped uncover the endowment effect: a tendency to value something more highly just because you own it."

"The importance of context also arose in Mr Thaler’s work on “mental accounting”. In thinking about money, people tend to compartmentalise, grouping certain types of spending or income together. ... In some cases this might amount to a strategy for managing imperfect self-control (as in the credit-card debt example). More broadly, it reflects the human tendency to tackle cognitive problems in pieces, rather than as a whole. "

"Mr Thaler, with his colleague Hersh Shefrin, understood choices as battles between two competing cognitive forces: a “doer” part of the brain focused on short-term rewards, and a “planner” focused on the long term. Willpower can help suppress the doer’s urges, but exercising restraint is costly. "
Richard-Thaler  Nobel-Prize  economics  TheEconomist  psychology  money  cognitiion 
january 2018 by pierredv
Different meditation types train distinct parts of your brain | New Scientist, Oct 2017
"Two new studies published in Science Advances suggest that certain kinds of meditation can change social and emotional circuitry... looked at the effects of three different meditation techniques on the brains and bodies of more than 300 volunteers over 9 months" - Tania Singer, ReSource Project at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig

"Mindfulness meditation increased thickness in the prefrontal cortex and parietal lobes, both linked to attention control, while compassion-based meditation showed increases in the limbic system, which processes emotions, and the anterior insula, which helps bring emotions into conscious awareness. Perspective-taking training boosted regions involved in theory of mind."

"Many studies have reported that meditation makes people feel calmer, but the effects on levels of the stress hormone cortisol have been mixed ... The researchers found that mindfulness meditation alone made the volunteers feel calmer when asked to give a presentation at short notice, but their cortisol levels were no different from those in controls. After engaging in face-to-face sessions with a partner in addition to compassion or perspective-based meditation, however, volunteers showed up to a 51 per cent drop in cortisol levels compared with controls."
meditation  NewScientist  Tania-Singer  psychology  neuroscience  emotion  feelings 
january 2018 by pierredv
Don't quit now: Why you have more willpower than you think | New Scientist
Built around Carol Dweck's Mindset approach. Metaphor: willpower a store of something vs. a motivation.

"The quitters, Dweck found, blamed their difficulties on lack of ability and felt that they would never make the grade. The more determined children, by contrast, were more motivated by learning itself than by getting good grades, and they tended to see ability as fuelled by effort, rather than set in stone."

Alternative to ego-depletion theory "the difference in people’s ability to stay strong in the face of temptation can be explained by the amount of fuel in our mental reserves." (Roy Baumeister, 1998)

"Meanwhile, other research has directly challenged the idea that glucose is the source from which willpower springs. ... when volunteers gargled a sugary drink before or during a mental challenge, it prevented ego depletion, even if they spat the drink out. This suggests that merely the suggestion of a fuel top-up is enough to keep mental exhaustion at bay. This is tricky for the ego-depletion theory to explain because gargling doesn’t allow time for glucose to be metabolised. It is also more than a placebo, because gargling an artificially sweetened drink doesn’t have the same effect."

"According to the revised theory, whether we are able to maintain self-control comes down to our judgement about how much willpower juice we have left and how we choose to allocate these reserves. As with physical effort, in which our muscles feel tired long before they are close to collapse, how long we can keep going is all about how much energy we think is left."
NewScientist  willpower  psychology  metaphor 
december 2017 by pierredv
Feeling lonely? You're not on your own | New Scientist issue 3134, 22 Jul 2017
"Anyone can feel lonely, even when surrounded by friends, and loneliness is on the up. How can we curb its devastating effect on people's mental and physical health?"

"Yet loneliness may have very little to do with being on our own, or having few friends, even if this is how it is often defined. “It’s not social isolation; it’s feeling socially isolated,” says Cacioppo ... Loneliness arises from a mismatch between expectations of our social interactions and the reality."

“Correcting for demographic factors, loneliness increases the odds of early mortality by 26 per cent,” says Cacioppo. “That’s about the same as living with chronic obesity.”

"If there’s one factor that stands out in alleviating loneliness, then it is the quality, rather than quantity of relationships. "

Robin Dunbar: “For you to live, survive, work and function well depends on you having a set of very intense close friendships, or family relationships. It turns out that this core group numbers about five close friends and family – and this is very consistent across primates, including humans.”
NewScientist  psychology  loneliness  feelings  emotion  disease  mortality 
december 2017 by pierredv
Awesome awe: The emotion that gives us superpowers | New Scientist issue 3136, 29 Jul 2017
Dacher Keltner and Jonathan Haidt "described awe as the feeling we get when confronted with something vast, that transcends our frame of reference and that we struggle to understand. It’s an emotion that combines amazement with an edge of fear. Wonder, by contrast, is more intellectual – a cognitive state in which you are trying to understand the mysterious."

"... van Elk presented functional MRI scans showing that awe quiets activity in the default mode network, which includes parts of the frontal lobes and cortex, and is thought to relate to the sense of self."

“Awe produces a vanishing self,” says Keltner. “The voice in your head, self-interest, self-consciousness, disappears. Here’s an emotion that knocks out a really important part of our identity.” As a result, he says, we feel more connected to bigger collectives and groups.

"Instead, Keltner believes that awe predates religion by millions of years. Evolution-related ideas are tough to back up, but he argues that responding to powerful forces in nature and in society through group bonding would have had survival value. ... It’s an instinct that has been co-opted for political ends throughout history, for example in grandiose structures from the pyramids of Egypt to St Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City, or even Trump Tower. "

"Awe also seems to help us break habitual patterns of thinking. The Arizona team discovered that after experiencing awe, people were better able to remember the details of a short story."

"Through brain scanning, he and others have found that psychedelic drugs such as psilocybin and LSD reduce activity in the default mode network – just as awe does. In addition, boundaries between normally segregated bits of the brain temporarily break down, boosting creativity."
NewScientist  psychology  religion  emotion  feeling  awe  meditation 
december 2017 by pierredv
Who can you trust? How tech is reshaping what we believe | New Scientist
"The more trust in a society, the better it fares. Put another way: without trust, society would collapse. But something strange is happening. Public trust in our institutions has plummeted in the past decade. Nearly half of people in the US mistrust lawmakers, according to a poll carried out in June. In the UK, fewer than 1 in 4 people trust the press. And yet we are putting more trust than ever before in people we meet on the internet."

“Trust is the bridge between the known and the unknown,” says Rachel Botsman at the University of Oxford’s Said Business School.

"Of course distrust in big institutions predates the internet, but technology has made it an international sport. It is easier than ever before for leaks to become common knowledge. And there are many more sources now. Opinion is no longer shaped only by journalists, experts or state authorities. With constant access to a deluge of information, rather than putting our trust in the institutions our peers also trust, as we once did, we’re now trusting our peers instead of those institutions."

"In fact, many of these companies have come to realise that trust itself is their product.

"Hawking trust between individuals requires some sleight of hand: we are more likely to trust people at a distance when they are backed up by trustworthy organisations. We trust strangers on Airbnb far more than strangers on a marketplace such as Craigslist, for instance."

"A major concern is that we will become overly dependent on digital platforms to manage trust for us. “People trust people, not institutions,” Zuckerberg recently said. That is misleading. We trust people online because of the institutions – Facebook included – that make it possible."
quotes  NewScientist  trust  psychology  Facebook  TaskRabbit  Airbnb  business 
december 2017 by pierredv
Daniel Kahneman: The riddle of experience vs. memory | TED Talk | TED.com
Via Linda Change

Three cognitive traps around "happiness":

1. Complexity: too many possible meanings, "happiness" not a useful word anymore, will have to give up use of the word

2. confusion between experience and memory: i.e. being happy in your life vs. being happy about/with your life

3. focusing illusion: we cant' think about anything related to well-being without distorting its importance

"The remembering self is a story-teller"

Colonoscopy example - important thing about a story is changes, significant moments, and (especially) how it ends (JP: raises hard questions about utilitarianism!)

"Time (duration) has very little impact on the story"

"WE don't choose between experiences, we choose between memories of experiences. ... We think of our future as anticipated memories"

Two selves (experiencing and remembering) --> two notions of happiness

"We really should not think of happiness as a substitute for well-being"

Gallup results on money vs. happiness:
= for experiencing self, correlates w/ income up to $60k, then flat line
= for remembering/reflective self, keeps growing
psychology  happiness  memory  experience  TED  * 
december 2017 by pierredv
Ready for anything: The best strategies to survive a disaster | New Scientist, May 2017
"In a crisis, your fight or flight response can actually leave you frozen. Training your brain to act could be the difference between life and death"

See side-bar "Tips to keep your wits" -- Prepare, Act
NewScientist  danger  preparedness  strategy  psychology  ** 
october 2017 by pierredv
Why are there still Nazis? These eight questions can help explain. - CSMonitor.com, Aug 2017
"Social dominance theory postulates that societies maintain their hierarchies by creating and promoting social beliefs that keep dominant groups on top."
"Social dominance theory seeks to explain how hierarchy-enhancing ideologies do not just drive social inequality, but are also a result of it. It suggests that a single personality trait, called social dominance orientation (SDO), strongly predicts a person’s political and social views, from foreign policy and criminal justice to civil rights and the environment.

In psychology lingo, the SDO scale has both predictive validity, because it strongly correlates with other social attitudes, and discriminant validity, in that it isn’t simply a measure of something else by another name. While people who score highly on the SDO scale do not necessarily subscribe to the same beliefs, they do tend to fall into similar ideological camps as others with high SDO scores."
CSMonitor  psychology  ideology  identity 
august 2017 by pierredv
Alexithymia - How Emotions Are Made, Lisa Feldman Barrett
"People who describe themselves as alexithymic report a lot of bodily (somatic) symptoms like stomach aches, have difficulty experiencing emotions, and have impoverished mental representations of emotions.[1][2][3] Alexithymia has been estimated to occur in about 10% of the population[4] and has been identified in both Western and Eastern cultures."
emotion  affect  psychology 
august 2017 by pierredv
Want to encourage cooperation? Try exchanging names. - CSMonitor.com Apr 2017
"Researchers have found that reducing anonymity in a classic social experiment promotes cooperation between participants – suggesting that even small steps toward getting to know one another could bring big benefits."

Neologism: onymity
anonymity  game-theory  psychology  cooperation  CSMonitor  neologisms 
april 2017 by pierredv
Online Alexithymia Questionnaire
Did test 4 Jan 2017
"Test Results: 129 Points
Alexithymia: You show high alexithymic traits."

Detailed Results

Your result is broken down into various factors to give you some insight into your result.

Category: Difficulty Identifying Feelings: 21 Points <15 - 18>
In this category you show high alexithymic traits.

Category: Difficulty Describing Feelings: 17 Points <10 - 12>
In this category you show high alexithymic traits.

Category: Vicarious Interpretation of Feelings: 9 Points <8 - 9>
In this category you show some alexithymic traits.

Category: Externally-Oriented Thinking: 30 Points <18 - 21>
In this category you show high alexithymic traits.

Category: Restricted Imaginative Processes: 27 Points <18 - 21>
In this category you show high alexithymic traits.

Category: Problematic Interpersonal Relationships: 18 Points <15 - 18>
In this category you show some alexithymic traits.

Category: Sexual Difficulties and Disinterest: 7 Points <10 - 12>
In this category you show no alexithymic traits.
psychology  test 
january 2017 by pierredv
Wistful thinking: Why we are wired to dwell on the past | New Scientist
"Nostalgia can provoke political upheaval, xenophobia and bitter tribalism, yet, as psychologists are coming to understand, it can also promote well-being, tolerance and a sense of meaningfulness in life. By better understanding its influence, we are now finding ways to harness its benefits and, just as importantly, anticipate its harms."

"Nostalgia is an antidote to loneliness, not its cause. It springs up when we are feeling low, and in general boosts well-being. Wildschut and colleagues have found that reflecting on nostalgic events you have experienced forges bonds with other people, and enhances positive feelings and self-esteem."

"One theory to explain this is that nostalgia gives us a sense of continuity in life. While so much in our lives can change – jobs, where we live, relationships – nostalgia reminds us that we are the same person we were at our seventh birthday party as on our wedding day and at our retirement celebration. “It is the glue that keeps us together, gives us continuity, and we need that, ever more so, in times of change,” says Krystine Batcho of Le Moyne College in Syracuse, New York."

"When a group shares an airbrushed vision of the past – something known as “collective nostalgia” – it promotes a sense of belonging and strengthens in-group bonds, which may have had survival benefits in early, tribal societies. But that cohesion comes at the cost of driving discrimination towards outsiders."

"In particular, a certain kind of individual nostalgia can also do more harm than good. Called anticipatory nostalgia, it happens when we miss the present before it has passed. People who often experience it are more prone to sadness and worry, and have a harder time enjoying the moment, Batcho has found."
NewScientist  nostalgia  psychology  loneliness  discrimmination 
january 2017 by pierredv
How to trump group-think in a post-truth world : Nature News & Comment - Nov 2106
Here, Kahan tells Nature about the real-world consequences of group affinity and cognitive bias, and about research that may point to remedies.
"Hierarchical and individualistic people tend to have confidence in markets and industry: those represent human ingenuity and power. People who are egalitarian and communitarian are suspicious of markets and industry. They see them as responsible for social disparity.

It’s natural to see things you consider honourable as good for society, and things that are base, as bad. Such associations will motivate people’s assessment of evidence."
cognition  bias  psychology  Dan-Kahan  politics  NatureJournal 
december 2016 by pierredv
Vipassana Meditation: A Unique Contribution to Mental Health -- by Paul R. Fleischman (PDF)
This article is taken from the book of Dr Fleischman’s collected essays: Karma and Chaos
“The most important difference between Vipassana and psychotherapy is the place that these two activities are intended to occupy within a person’s life. Vipassana and psychotherapy undoubtedly have some overlap in that both are designed to help people live better lives; other than that, they diverge in intention and practice. Psychotherapy is intended as a temporary intervention within the context of a paid, professional relationship, to heal psychological wounds. Vipassana is a free spiritiual transmission, a way of life, and a vector beyond life itself. Thought it may also bring relief to mundane problems, Vipassana is the path to nibbana… Its time-scale is long – “lifetimes,” in the language of the East – and its goals august and embracing. Although our own use of Vipassana in this current lifetime may be much more modest and limited, it still imparts to our lives a momentum beyond our own time and self.”
psychology  psychotherapy  vipassana  Paul-Fleischman 
july 2016 by pierredv
The Mistrust of Science - The New Yorker
via Dale Hatfield. Commencement address at the California Institute of Technology, on Friday, June 10th 2016
"The evidence is that rebutting bad science doesn’t work; in fact, it commonly backfires. Describing facts that contradict an unscientific belief actually spreads familiarity with the belief and strengthens the conviction of believers. "
"Rebutting bad science may not be effective, but asserting the true facts of good science is. And including the narrative that explains them is even better. You don’t focus on what’s wrong with the vaccine myths, for instance. Instead, you point out: giving children vaccines has proved far safer than not. "
NewYorker  psychology  scientific-method  Atul-Gawande  commencement  speech 
june 2016 by pierredv
Luck Is a Bigger Contributor to Success Than People Give It Credit For - The Atlantic
"When people see themselves as self-made, they tend to be less generous and public-spirited."
"According to the Pew Research Center, people in higher income brackets are much more likely than those with lower incomes to say that individuals get rich primarily because they work hard. ... That’s troubling, because a growing body of evidence suggests that seeing ourselves as self-made—rather than as talented, hardworking, and lucky—leads us to be less generous and public-spirited."
"Our understanding of human cognition provides one important clue as to why we may see success as inevitable: the availability heuristic. ... Little wonder that when talented, hardworking people in developed countries strike it rich, they tend to ascribe their success to talent and hard work above all else. Most of them are vividly aware of how hard they’ve worked and how talented they are."
"Our personal narratives are biased in a second way: Events that work to our disadvantage are easier to recall than those that affect us positively."
"Social scientists have been studying gratitude intensively for almost two decades, and have found that it produces a remarkable array of physical, psychological, and social changes."
Work by Emmons and McCullough: "they asked a first group of people to keep diaries in which they noted things that had made them feel grateful, a second group to note things that had made them feel irritated, and a third group to simply record events. After 10 weeks, the researchers reported dramatic changes in those who had noted their feelings of gratitude."
theAtlantic  luck  success  philanthropy  bias  gratitude  psychology 
june 2016 by pierredv
An allegory is not the same as a metaphor. In praise of the medieval literary tradition. -- Slate, Laura Miller , May 2016
Reminds me a lot of Jungian dream interpretation
"An entire literary tradition is being forgotten because writers use the term allegory to mean, like, whatever they want."
"An allegory, in short, is not just another word for a metaphor. In essence, it’s a form of fiction that represents immaterial things as images."
<praise of CS Lewis as literary critic>
"The characters in allegories like the 13th-century poem Roman de la Rose, or Edmund Spenser’s 16th-century masterpiece, The Faerie Queene, are “flat” by contemporary standards, possessed of only a few traits and behaving with inhuman consistency. But, as Lewis demonstrates in a long, virtuosic reading of Roman de la Rose, this is because they aren’t actually meant to be characters. Instead these people, the objects they handle, and the spaces they occupy all represent aspects of the self."
"The literate people of the Middle Ages were experts at comprehending art in this way. They routinely compounded vast amounts of meaning into certain ideas or motifs, partly because they were always attempting to integrate the cultural legacy of classical paganism into Christian theology."
"In a great allegory, the imagery is not a code for the underlying theme; it is every bit as important as theme."
rhetoric  allegory  metaphor  Slate  *  psychology  psychotherapy 
june 2016 by pierredv
There's No Such Thing as Free Will - The Atlantic - Stephen Cave - June 2016
Survey of research, experiments, philosophy
"The 20th-century nature-nurture debate prepared us to think of ourselves as shaped by influences beyond our control. But it left some room, at least in the popular imagination, for the possibility that we could overcome our circumstances or our genes to become the author of our own destiny. The challenge posed by neuroscience is more radical: It describes the brain as a physical system like any other, and suggests that we no more will it to operate in a particular way than we will our heart to beat. "
"This research and its implications are not new. What is new, though, is the spread of free-will skepticism beyond the laboratories and into the mainstream."
"his development raises uncomfortable—and increasingly nontheoretical—questions: If moral responsibility depends on faith in our own agency, then as belief in determinism spreads, will we become morally irresponsible? And if we increasingly see belief in free will as a delusion, what will happen to all those institutions that are based on it?"
<experiments by Kathleen Vohs and Jonathan Schooler; Roy Baumeister>
<philosophers Saul Smilansky, Bruce Waller>
"Smilansky is convinced that free will does not exist in the traditional sense—and that it would be very bad if most people realized this. . . . And just as undermining blame would remove an obstacle to acting wickedly, so undermining praise would remove an incentive to do good. . . . Smilansky advocates a view he calls illusionism—the belief that free will is indeed an illusion, but one that society must defend. The idea of determinism, and the facts supporting it, must be kept confined within the ivory tower. . . Illusionism is a minority position among academic philosophers, most of whom still hope that the good and the true can be reconciled. But it represents an ancient strand of thought among intellectual elites."
<neuroscientist and writer Sam Harris, author of Free Will (2012)>
"Harris thinks that, in time, “it might be possible to cure something like psychopathy,” but only if we accept that the brain, and not some airy-fairy free will, is the source of the deviancy. Accepting this would also free us from hatred. Holding people responsible for their actions might sound like a keystone of civilized life, but we pay a high price for it: Blaming people makes us angry and vengeful, and that clouds our judgment. . . Whereas the evidence from Kathleen Vohs and her colleagues suggests that social problems may arise from seeing our own actions as determined by forces beyond our control—weakening our morals, our motivation, and our sense of the meaningfulness of life—Harris thinks that social benefits will result from seeing other people’s behavior in the very same light. "
"For Waller, it simply doesn’t matter that these processes are underpinned by a causal chain of firing neurons. In his view, free will and determinism are not the opposites they are often taken to be; they simply describe our behavior at different levels."
"The kind of will that leads to success—seeing positive options for oneself, making good decisions and sticking to them—can be cultivated, and those at the bottom of society are most in need of that cultivation."
free-will  determinism  psychology  philosophy  theAtlantic  morality  poverty 
june 2016 by pierredv
Mind games: How con artists get the better of you - New Scientist Jan 2016
"If not simply a pathological liar, who then is the con artist? Con artists often possess some or all of the so-called dark triad of personality traits: psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism. "
"People are trusting by nature, and that may be a good thing overall. Studies show that having higher so-called generalised trust – a willingness to generally assume the best in others – comes with better physical health and greater emotional happiness. Countries with higher levels of trust tend to grow faster economically. And the smarter you are, the more you are likely to trust: a 2014 study found a strong positive relationship between trust, intelligence, health and happiness.

As well as making us feel better, a blindness to deception can help us perform better too. "
"Zajonc called it the “mere exposure effect”: familiarity breeds affection. It applies to people, too. In one study, seeing someone once, however briefly, even with no further interaction, made people more likely to agree to something this person later asked of them."
personality  fraud  crime  psychology  deception  dark-triad  trust 
april 2016 by pierredv
A mind trick that can break down your brain’s barrier to success - New Scientist Mar 2016
Article about “wise psychological interventions” (WPI) – apparently simple actions that produce long-lasting changes in behaviour
"At the heart of WPIs is the idea of “mental unblocking” – removing psychological barriers that keep people stuck in damaging patterns of behaviour. Simplistic though this may seem, it is actually surprisingly hard to achieve."
"Nudges are usually specific to a given choice at a given time, whereas WPIs aim to alter behaviour in a lasting way. More significantly, nudges tend to rely on environmental cues, whereas WPIs are rooted in theories about basic human psychology."
Built around Carol Dweck's ideas about "fixed" and "growth" mindsets - "that is, whether they see their abilities and personality as set in stone, or malleable."
psychology  NewScientist  behavior  motivation 
april 2016 by pierredv
Tap the placebo effect to unlock your body's healing powers - New Scientist 9 Mar 2016
"We now know that when a person is given a pill they’re told is a real medication, or any of a wide range of medical interventions, including surgery, their body creates a real physiological effect. In pain studies, placebos have been shown to dampen activity in the brain’s pain-processing areas and increase the production of the body’s own analgesic chemicals."
"One key to unlocking the body’s self-healing mechanisms seems to be the setting up of an expectation of improvement. And it works the other way too: if you think your drug has been replaced with a placebo, even a strong painkiller’s effects will be dulled."
“One theory concerns the expectations set by the intervention itself. “It’s not just the drug, it’s everything that surrounds the drug,” says Kaptchuk. Placebos are not inert substances: they are made of verbal suggestion, classical conditioning, and a lifetime’s associations learned about the cues of the medical ritual: the white coat, the office, the doctor’s manner."
NewScientist  placebo  psychology 
april 2016 by pierredv
I can tell you how to heal yourself with hypnosis - New Scientist interview, 9 March 2016
"We all hypnotise ourselves everyday but we don't always get it right, says Laurence Sugarman, who believes it can take healthcare to a new level"
“My colleagues and I propose that hypnosis is simply a skill set for influencing people. It involves facial expression, language, body movement, tone of voice, intensity, metaphor, understanding how people interpret and represent things.”
"Hypnosis is a medium for delivering placebo effects .... My definition of placebo is the use of conditioning, expectation, social relationships and narrative paradigm to change a person’s physiology in a way that they attribute to an external intervention."
"I may offend lots of people by saying that mindfulness meditation is an example of hypnosis"
NewScientist  hypnosis  placebo  psychology  meditation 
april 2016 by pierredv
How to master your habits and take control of your life - New Scientist 16 Jan 2016
See sidebar: How to make or break a habit

SCHEDULE IT Figure out when you’re going to perform a new habit and make it part of your day. Consider tying it to something you already do: for instance flossing after you brush your teeth, eating an apple with lunch, going to the gym on your way home from work.

BE SPECIFIC If you want to eat fewer sweets, determine rules to take the choice out of it, such as never eating the treats at work or only eating them if it’s a certain day of the week.

GO EASY ON YOURSELF Gretchen Rubin, author of Better Than Before, says guilt and shame don’t work: “People who do better are the people who show themselves compassion.”

START NOW The beginning of a new week, month, or year can be a popular motivator for changing habits but as Rubin notes, “usually the best time to start is now”.

BE PATIENT Some habits take a long time to make or break (see main story).
NewScientist  habits  psychology  brain-striatum 
march 2016 by pierredv
Why can’t the world’s greatest minds solve the mystery of consciousness? | Oliver Burkeman | Science | The Guardian , Jan 2015
"Philosophers and scientists have been at war for decades over the question of what makes human beings more than complex robots" Good description of Chalmers' intervention, the results, and the current inconclusive state of play
consciousness  philosophy  psychology  mind 
january 2016 by pierredv
Therapy wars: the revenge of Freud | Oliver Burkeman | Science | The Guardian
Via John Helm "CBT doesn’t exactly claim that happiness is easy, but it does imply that it’s relatively simple: your distress is caused by your irrational beliefs, and it’s within your power to seize hold of those beliefs and change them. Psychoanalysts contend that things are much more complicated. For one thing, psychological pain needs first not to be eliminated, but understood." "... a basic assumption of CBT – that, with training, we can learn to catch most of our unhelpful mental responses in the act." "Yet even this conclusion – that we simply don’t know which therapies work best – might be seen as a point in favour of Freud and his successors. Psychoanalysis, after all, embodies just this awed humility about how little we can ever grasp about the workings of our minds."
psychology  psychotherapy  theguardian  essay  CBT  psychoanalysis 
january 2016 by pierredv
Adam Phillips · The Magical Act of a Desperate Person: Tantrums · LRB 7 March 2013
"No one recovers from the sadomasochism of their childhood. We may not want to think of the relations between parents and children as power relations: indeed it may sound like a perversion of parenting to do so. And we don’t want to think of parents and children being in any way sexually gratified by their status in relation to each other. But, to put it as cutely as possible, feeling big always depends on someone else being made to feel small."
podcasts  Adam-Phillips  psychology  psychotherapy  LRB 
january 2016 by pierredv
Can Psychology Teach Us How To Stick To New Year's Resolutions? : NPR
"New Year's resolutions are really a form of what they call mental accounting" "Previous research by Anne Wilson and Michael Ross at the University of Waterloo show that people tend to look down on their past selves compared to who they are now. . . .So resolutions really are a way to mark this transition between the old inferior version of ourselves and the new and improved .."
NPR  psychology  audio  motivation 
january 2016 by pierredv
Do you overfunction or underfunction in a relationship? | Life and style | The Guardian
"in your relationships with other people, you’re almost certainly an overfunctioner or an underfunctioner. Faced with a challenge, you either switch into fixing mode, taking control, attacking the to-do list, and offering supposedly helpful advice; or you pull back, pleading for assistance, hoping others will take responsibility, and zone out."
relationships  Grauniad  psychology 
november 2015 by pierredv
Creativity and cheating: Mwahahaha… | The Economist
"showed not only that creative people cheat more, but also that cheating seems to encourage creativity—for those who cheated in the adding-up test were even better at word association than their candle-test results predicted"
TheEconomist  cheating  creativity  psychology  experiment 
october 2015 by pierredv
Radicalisation: A mental health issue, not a religious one - New Scientist 8 April 2015
Opinion essay by Kamaldeep Bhui "Research in the US following the 9/11 attacks suggested that having sympathies for terrorist acts and violent protest is a sign that people are susceptible to future radicalising influences. We ... assessed these kinds of sympathies in men and women of Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin living in the UK. We found that these views were uncommon – they were held by just 2.5 per cent of our sample – and were unrelated to poverty, political engagement, or experience of discrimination and adversity. However, we did find a correlation between extremist sympathies and being young, in full-time education, relative social isolation, and having a tendency towards depressive symptoms. In contrast, we found that being born outside the UK, general ill health or having large social networks were all associated with moderate views. We also found that women were as likely as men to hold extreme sympathies, although the association with depression was stronger in men."
NewScientist  radicalization  mentalhealth  religion  psychology  depression 
august 2015 by pierredv
Explaining the alluring influence of neuroscience information on scientific reasoning
via New Scientist, Feedback "Previous studies have investigated the influence of neuroscience information or images on ratings of scientific evidence quality but have yielded mixed results. We examined the influence of neuroscience information on evaluations of flawed scientific studies after taking into account individual differences in scientific reasoning skills, thinking dispositions, and prior beliefs about a claim. We found that neuroscience information, even though irrelevant, made people believe they had a better understanding of the mechanism underlying a behavioral phenomenon. Neuroscience information had a smaller effect on ratings of article quality and scientist quality. Our study suggests that neuroscience information may provide an illusion of explanatory depth"
psychology  persuasion  rhetoric  neuroscience 
july 2015 by pierredv
Panic, depression and stress: The case against meditation - opinion - 14 May 2015 - Control - New Scientist
By Miguel Farias & Catherine Wikholm, authors of "The Buddha Pill: Can meditation change you?" - "David Shapiro of the University of California, Irvine, found that 7 per cent of people on meditation retreats experienced profoundly adverse effects, including panic and depression. Experience appears to make no difference – experts and naive meditators are equally likely to be affected" - "As we scrutinised evidence on the effects of meditation and mindfulness for our book The Buddha Pill: Can meditation change you?, we realised that media reports were heavily biased: findings of moderate positive effects were inflated, whereas non-significant and negative findings went unreported." - "Not everyone has bought into this mantra of positivity. Historians and religious-studies scholars have identified a relationship between meditation and violence." Examples: Torkel Brekke, Brian Victoria
NewScientist  meditation  side-effects  psychology  books 
july 2015 by pierredv
How to design a metaphor – Michael Erard – Aeon
"Can metaphors be designed? I’m here to tell you that they can, and are. ... I continue to shape and test metaphors for private-sector clients and others. In both cases, these metaphors are meant to help people to understand the unfamiliar. They aren’t supposed to make someone remark: ‘That’s beautiful.’ They’re meant to make someone realise that they’ve only been looking at one side of a thing." - "It was the Princeton psycholinguist Sam Glucksberg who in 2003 argued that metaphors are really categorisation proposals. "
metaphor  writing  design  psychology  linguistics  ** 
june 2015 by pierredv
Rite reasons: Why your brain loves pointless rituals - life - 19 January 2015 - Control - New Scientist
- "Rituals provide a very visible means of identifying who is a group member and who isn't" - "What's striking about rituals is not just their power to signal group membership, but also to create the social glue that binds people into groups." - developmental psychologist Cristine Legare from the University of Texas at Austin: "Collective rituals are public signals that you are committed to the group," she says, "which facilitates cooperation with the group and creates a sense of shared purpose."
NewScientist  ritual  spirituality  psychology 
april 2015 by pierredv
Jung on the Nature and Interpretation of Dreams: A Developmental Delineation with Cognitive Neuroscientific Responses - Zhu - Behavioral Sciences | Free Full-Text |
"Post-Jungians tend to identify Jung’s dream theory with the concept of compensation; they tend to believe that Jung’s radically open stand constitutes his dream theory in its entirety. However, Jung’s theory regarding dreams was a product of an evolving process throughout his whole intellectual and professional life. Unfortunately, the theory has not been understood in such a developmental light. Based on a historical and textual study of all dream articles found throughout The Collected Works of C.G. Jung, this paper maps a concise three-phase trajectory of Jung’s changing views on dreams and interpretation. The paper posits that Jung’s last essay, “Symbols and the Interpretation of Dreams” (1961), epitomizes his final stand, although such a stand is also reflected in a less explicit and less emphatic way during the latter period of the second phase. The paper also briefly addresses where Jung and Jungians have been enigmatic or negligent. For example, ..."
Jung  dreams  psychology  psychotherapy  psychoanalysis 
april 2015 by pierredv
Listening to the silences - Aeon Video
-- What is it like to have multiple beings inhabit your mind? Writer Roy Vincent takes us into a lifetime of hearing voices -- London Film School
film  video  documentary  AeonMagazine  psychology  psychotherapy 
march 2015 by pierredv
Adam Phillips · Against Self-Criticism · LRB 5 March 2015
"Lacan said that there was surely something ironic about Christ’s injunction to love thy neighbour as thyself – because actually, of course, people hate themselves. Or you could say that, given the way people treat one another, perhaps they had always loved their neighbours in the way they loved themselves: that is, with a good deal of cruelty and disregard."
psychology  LRB  psychotherapy  podcasts  Adam-Phillips 
february 2015 by pierredv
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