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To Fall in Love With Anyone, Do This -
"More than 20 years ago, the psychologist Arthur Aron succeeded in making two strangers fall in love in his laboratory. Last summer, I applied his technique in my own life, which is how I found myself standing on a bridge at midnight, staring into a man’s eyes for exactly four minutes."
nytimes  psychology  love  relationships 
january 2015 by pierredv
Eight weeks to a better brain | Harvard Gazette
"Participating in an eight-week mindfulness meditation program appears to make measurable changes in brain regions associated with memory, sense of self, empathy, and stress." "For the current study, magnetic resonance (MR) images were taken of the brain structure of 16 study participants two weeks before and after they took part in the eight-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Program at the University of Massachusetts Center for Mindfulness." "The analysis of MR images, which focused on areas where meditation-associated differences were seen in earlier studies, found increased gray-matter density in the hippocampus ... Participant-reported reductions in stress also were correlated with decreased gray-matter density in the amygdala "
meditation  brain  experiment  psychology  MBSR 
january 2015 by pierredv
Ever felt a ghostly presence? Now we know why - health - 06 November 2014 - New Scientist
"Their analysis pointed to damage in three brain regions: the temporoparietal junction (TPJ), the insula and the frontal-parietal cortex. In previous studies, Blanke's team had linked the TPJ with out-of-body experiences and the insula with the doppelgänger hallucination." "The new study shows that FoP involves disruptions not just in the integration of external and internal sensations in the TPJ and insula, but also signals related to movement (which are processed in the frontal-parietal cortex)." "The presence made itself felt when the slave robot moved with a delay of 500 milliseconds, so that the volunteers' hand movements were out of sync with the touch on their backs." "It seems that the brain, confounded by the mismatch between internal bodily signals related to the movements of their arms and the out-of-sync sensation of touch on their backs, attributed the touch to the presence of someone standing behind."
NewScientist  feeling-of-presence  psychology  neuroscience  brain-temporoparietal  brain-frontal-parietal  brain-insula 
december 2014 by pierredv
Sign in to read: Just obeying orders? Rethinking obedience and atrocity - opinion - 12 September 2014 - New Scientist
Stanley Milgram "shock experiments" "Not only have recent historical studies led researchers to question Arendt's claims that Eichmann and his ilk simply went along thoughtlessly with the orders of their superiors, but reanalysis of Milgram's work has also led social psychologists to cast serious doubt on the claim we are somehow programmed to obey authority." See sidebar on Philip Zimbardo "prison experiment": "Although Zimbardo presents his findings as evidence of "blind conformity" to role, it is apparent that he gave his guards clear guidance on how he expected them to behave when briefing them for the study." "...we have argued that the behaviour of those guards was not the result of blind conformity, but the result of engaged followership that flowed from identification with Zimbardo's leadership"
Stanley.Milgram  psychology  experiment  obedience  Zimbardo  prison  evil  ** 
october 2014 by pierredv
Idle minds succumb to temptation of electric shocks - health - 04 July 2014 - New Scientist
"Many of us dislike being left alone with nothing to do but think, and would be happier self-administering an electric shock than sitting idle. Timothy Wilson of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville and his colleagues wanted to find out whether letting your mind wander is a pleasant experience. In a series of experiments, people were told to sit still and do nothing but think. The participants not only found the experience unpleasant, they also opted to give themselves mild electric shocks, possibly to relieve the boredom." "Nonetheless, when left alone, 67 per cent of men and 25 per cent of women chose to voluntarily zap themselves"
NewScientist  psychology  experiment  boredom  meditation 
october 2014 by pierredv
We dislike being alone with our thoughts : Nature News & Comment July 2014
"Given the choice, many people would rather give themselves mild electric shocks than sit idly in a room for 15 minutes, according to a study published today in Science" "Wilson and his colleagues began by asking undergraduate students to stash their mobile phones and other distractions, and to sit in a sparsely furnished room for up to 15 minutes. Afterwards, nearly half of the 409 participants said that they did not enjoy the experience" “In the next experiment, participants were given a small electric shock — akin to a jolt of static electricity — that was so unpleasant that three-quarters of them said they would be willing to pay not to experience the shock again. Yet when they were placed in the room to sit alone with their thoughts, 67% of male participants and 25% of female subjects were so eager to find something to do that they shocked themselves voluntarily.”
meditation  psychology  science  NatureJournal 
july 2014 by pierredv
Obsession engineers: Mind control the Candy Crush way - tech - 29 May 2014 - New Scientist
"We have been aware of some basic ingredients of habit-forming games since at least the 1990s. . . So what did Candy Crush get so right?" Ludic loop ingredients: = engineered randomness = jackpot moments, aka random windfalls: variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement = think we're mastering the game "Both EyeWire and Google image-tagging involve tasks that would normally be outsourced to paid workers. But suck your workers into a ludic loop and the labour is free."
NewScientist  games  psychology  addiction  outsourcing  reinforcement 
june 2014 by pierredv
Is There Anything Good About Men? Roy F. Baumeister
"This invited address was given at a meeting the American Psychological Association in San Francisco on August 24, 2007. The thinking it represents is part of a long-range project to understand human action and the relation of culture to behavior. Further information about Prof. Baumeister and his research can be found at the foot of this page. — Dennis Dutton"
gender  psychology  culture  evolution  ***  sex 
june 2014 by pierredv
Mapping How Emotions Manifest in the Body - Olga Khazan - The Atlantic
''Across cultures, people feel increased activity in different parts of the body as their mental state changes''
body  emotions  mapping  psychology  TheAtlantic  sensation 
january 2014 by pierredv
▶ Carl Jung: The Wisdom of The Dream - Vol 1 - A Life of Dreams - YouTube
This film is one of a three-part series of films produced by PBS, on the life and works of the great thinker and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung.
Jung  film  psychotherapy  psychology  PBS  youtube 
january 2014 by pierredv
Male and female brains wired differently, scans reveal | Science | The Guardian Dec 2013
"Scientists have drawn on nearly 1,000 brain scans to confirm what many had surely concluded long ago: that stark differences exist in the wiring of male and female brains. Maps of neural circuitry showed that on average women's brains were highly connected across the left and right hemispheres, in contrast to men's brains, where the connections were typically stronger between the front and back regions."
gender  brain  neuroscience  psychology  TheGuardian 
december 2013 by pierredv
How Personalities Differ Across America [MAPS] | Business Insider Australia
"according to a new study from researchers from the University of Cambridge, University of Texas at Austin, and the University of Helsinki, America may also be split up by three different psychological profiles. The paper, which was recently published the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, looked at 1.5 million responses gathered from five different online surveys and assessed respondents across five key personality traits: Openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism."
visualization  geography  maps  psychology  usa  infographics 
october 2013 by pierredv
I could have sworn… Why you can't trust your memory - Elizabeth Loftus interview - opinion - 30 August 2013 - New Scientist
Intro: "From repressed memories to faulty eye-witness testimony, psychologist Elizabeth Loftus has made her name working on false memory. She tells Alison George how recollections can be conjured up, and how this process could even be used in therapy"
law  justice  evidence  psychology  NewScientist  memory 
october 2013 by pierredv
James Hollis: Underneath the Midlife Crisis - Weekly Wisdom - Tuesday, February 16, 2010
"Tami Simon speaks with James Hollis, licensed Jungian analyst practicing in Houston, Texas, and the author of 13 books, as well as the Sounds True audio learning program Through the Dark Wood: Finding Meaning in the Second Half of Life. Jim speaks about the importance of realizing our real self versus our adapted self, moving through experiences of fear with courage and persistence, and what the most important questions are that we ask ourselves as we approach the end of our life. (43 minutes)"
midlife  Jung  soundstrue  Jungian-therapy  psychology  James  Hollis 
october 2013 by pierredv
Humans Fall for Optical Illusions, But Do Cats? | Open Culture
"Most “optical illusions” are not really optical. They have less to do with the way the eyes work than with the way the brain processes the information sent to it from the eyes. For this reason, many scientists prefer to call them visual illusions. So if visual illusions are a trick of the brain, and human brains differ from the brains of other animals, does that mean that our visual illusions are uniquely human?"
cats  psychology  illusions 
march 2013 by pierredv
There's More to Life Than Being Happy - Emily Esfahani Smith - The Atlantic
Story built around Viktor Frankl, but about a study by Baumeister, Voh et al, linked. "Leading a happy life, the psychologists found, is associated with being a "taker" while leading a meaningful life corresponds with being a "giver.""
theatlantic  psychology  happiness  meaning 
january 2013 by pierredv
Why words are as painful as sticks and stones - life - 04 December 2012 - New Scientist
"Rejection and heartbreak can have effects every bit as physical as cuts and bruises, and understanding why could change your life" Focus on work of Naomi Eisenberger, UCLA "Cementing the connection between physical pain and emotional anguish, further studies have found that the two experiences sometimes feed off one another. When people feel excluded, they are more sensitive to the burn of a hot probe, and submerging a hand in ice water for 1 minute leads people to report feeling ignored and isolated." "Extroverts have been shown to have a higher pain tolerance than introverts, and this is mirrored by their greater tolerance for social rejection." "When you consider our ancestors' dependence on their social connections for survival, it makes sense for us to have evolved to feel rejection so keenly. "
brain-anteriorInsula  brain-dorsalAnteriorCingulateCortex  introversion  loneliness  psychology  pain  sensation  NewScientist 
december 2012 by pierredv
The Power of Negative Thinking -
"Just thinking in sober detail about worst-case scenarios—a technique the Stoics called "the premeditation of evils"—can help to sap the future of its anxiety-producing power." "They practiced instead what Prof. Sarasvathy calls "effectuation." Rather than choosing a goal and then making a plan to achieve it, they took stock of the means and materials at their disposal, then imagined the possible ends. Effectuation also includes what she calls the "affordable loss principle." Instead of focusing on the possibility of spectacular rewards from a venture, ask how great the loss would be if it failed. If the potential loss seems tolerable, take the next step."
x:ws  psychology  philosophy  Stoicism 
december 2012 by pierredv
Power is the ultimate high - science-in-society - 12 July 2012 - New Scientist
"Power really does corrupt – research shows that being boss changes our brains" "The nearly four years he has spent as the most powerful man in the world has almost certainly reshaped Obama's brain and personality. Power increases testosterone levels, which in turn increases the uptake of dopamine in the brain's reward network. The results are an increase in egocentricity and a reduction in empathy " "Power feels good because it uses the same reward network as cocaine and sex" "Of course power's effects are not all negative. It makes people smarter and more inclined to think abstractly and strategically. Power emboldens by reducing anxiety and raising mood, and it gives people a greater appetite for risk. "
NewScientist  psychology  power  politics 
december 2012 by pierredv
Political divides begin in the brain - opinion - 10 April 2012 - New Scientist
Based on John Hibbing's work, exploring wither political preferences might be based in biology.
Differences between liberals and conservatives in aversive stimuli, differences in brain structure: conservatives have larger right amygdala, liberals have more grey matter in anterior cingulate cortex. For example in startle reflexes: "Conservatives on average really do seem to respond to fear and threat differently, and to focus on what Hibbing calls the "aversive" in life, rather than the "appetitive"."
Liberals rate higher on openness, conservatives higher on conscientiousness
*  brain-ACC  brain-amygdala  psychology  bias  politics  opinion 
july 2012 by pierredv
Supersize Your Status | Brain Blogger
"Researchers at Northwestern University recently reported in the Journal of Consumer Research that people choose larger portion sizes because it makes them feel important."
psychology  brainblogger  obesity  status  health 
may 2012 by pierredv
Orchid children: How bad-news genes came good - health - 01 February 2012 - New Scientist
"The set of genes that help create our most grievous frailties may also underlie our greatest strengths – and sometimes the choice is settled in childhood" Story about "a major revision taking place in behavioural science - a recasting of the "vulnerability gene" model of many mood and behavioural disorders. . . . A fresh look at the evidence is suggesting that in fact they often create greater strength and happiness in people who have fortunate childhoods. The so-called vulnerability genes, in short, make you more attuned and responsive to your environment, whether bad or good." W Thomas Boyce and Bruce Ellis "distinguished between "dandelion children", who did about the same whatever their environment, and "orchid children", who wilted under poor care but flourished if carefully tended" Seems to have an effect in adults, too: HSPs "highly sensitive persons" "Of the leading orchid-gene variants -...- none existed in humans 80,000 years ago."
behavior  psychology  genetics  childhood  evolution  NewScientist 
march 2012 by pierredv
BBC News - The myth of the eight-hour sleep
"Today, most people seem to have adapted quite well to the eight-hour sleep, but Ekirch believes many sleeping problems may have roots in the human body's natural preference for segmented sleep as well as the ubiquity of artificial light."
sleep  health  psychology  behavior  x:bbc  via:gmsv 
february 2012 by pierredv
Hard Economic Times and Increased Suicide: More than just a global rough patch? | Brain Blogger
"The Itasca Brain and Behavior Association (IBBA), comprised of psychiatrists and researchers, conducted an in-depth examination of the relationship between the economic downturn in Japan and an increase in Japan’s suicide rate. At the 2011 American Psychiatric Association annual meeting, IBBA researchers discussed that similar trends in America may already be underway." "Ultimately, these studies point to the need for awareness-raising. Why? Because mental illness, substance abuse and economic issues are not mutually exclusive; and, in fact, are arguably tightly linked. For example, those predisposed to mental illness and/or substance abuse issues also likely have difficulty securing and maintaining jobs in a climate with dramatically increased competition for said jobs."
psychology  suicide  economics  brainblogger 
december 2011 by pierredv
CultureLab: Why psychiatrists should mind their language - Dec 2011
review of Richard Noll's American Madness: The rise and fall of dementia praecox "WE DON'T see things as they are, we see things as we are." This simple Talmudic saying summarises the essence of epistemology. Psychiatric disorders provide a striking example: they are not real things in nature, but labels we create to describe troubling aspects of human experience." "In retrospect, there was nothing inherently superior about either term. Schizophrenia won because it was less discouraging, implied therapy might help, was not of German origin when the US was at war with Germany and was of Swiss origin at a time when the two major figures in American psychiatry were Swiss immigrants. If it sounds arbitrary, it was. Human nature doesn't sort into neat and obvious categories."
books  reviews  psychology  NewScientist  quotations 
december 2011 by pierredv
Out-of-body experience: Master of illusion : Nature Dec 2011
"Henrik Ehrsson, a neuroscientist at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, who uses [body] illusions to probe, stretch and displace people's sense of self" Research: "quest to understand how people come to experience a sense of self, located within their own bodies", "surprising malleability suggests that the brain continuously constructs its feeling of body ownership using information from the senses" "typically, the illusions work for around four out of five people"
psychology  perception  illusions  self  sense-of-self  **  NatureJournal 
december 2011 by pierredv
Reading the brain: Mind-goggling | The Economist
"IF YOU think the art of mind-reading is a conjuring trick, think again. Over the past few years, the ability to connect first monkeys and then men to machines in ways that allow brain signals to tell those machines what to do has improved by leaps and bounds." "This sort of mind-reading is less advanced than the machine-controlling type, but it is coming, as three recently published papers make clear. One is an attempt to study dreaming. A second can reconstruct a moving image of what an observer is looking at. And a third can tell what someone is thinking about."
neuroscience  psychology  TheEconomist 
november 2011 by pierredv
Introverts of the World, Unite! - Magazine - The Atlantic
"A conversation with Jonathan Rauch, the author who—thanks to an astonishingly popular essay in the March 2003 Atlantic—may have unwittingly touched off an Introverts' Rights revolution"
Jonathan-Rauch  introversion  TheAtlantic  psychology 
november 2011 by pierredv
The dark side of altruism - opinion - 09 September 2011 - New Scientist
Opinion piece by Barbara and Guruprasad Madhavan; co-editors of "Pathological Altruism," Oakley author of "Cold-Blooded Kindness: Neuroquirks of a codependent killer" "A pathological altruist is someone who is sincerely motivated to help others, but whose supposedly altruistic acts have harmful consequences." Examples: "during the Rwandan genocide in 1994, many Hutus killed Tutsis because they thought that in doing so they would help to protect their fellow Hutus" "anorexia may be rooted in pathologies of altruism: ... tendency of people with anorexia to sacrifice their own needs and interests" "Hitler, for example, was a master at using people's best traits - their faith, hope, love and willingness to make sacrifices - to his own advantage as he steered his nation to war"
behavior  psychology  opinion  NewScientist  altruism 
november 2011 by pierredv
Technology Review: Blogs: arXiv blog: The Evolution of Overconfidence
Work by Johnson & Fowler "if the potential reward is at least twice as great as the cost of competing, then overconfidence is the best strategy. In fact, overconfidence is actually advantageous on average, because it boosts ambition, resolve, morale, and persistence. In other words, overconfidence is the best way to maximize benefits over costs when risks are uncertain" "Their model implies that optimal overconfidence increases with the magnitude of uncertainty. So the greater the risk, the more overconfident individuals should become. "Johnson and Fowler use that finding to predict that overconfidence will be particularly prevalent in domains where the perceived value of a prize sufficiently exceeds the expected costs of competing. "
over-confidence  modeling  psychology  research  evolution 
october 2011 by pierredv
The evolution of overconfidence : Nature Sep 2011
Paper at, description at "we present an evolutionary model showing that, counterintuitively, overconfidence maximizes individual fitness and populations tend to become overconfident, as long as benefits from contested resources are sufficiently large compared with the cost of competition"
research  modeling  evolution  psychology  overconfidence  NatureJournal 
september 2011 by pierredv
How to size up the people in your life - opinion Samuel Barondes - 15 August 2011 - New Scientist
"Why are we all so different? Here is a toolkit for finding out what people are really like" Four elements 1. dispositional traits - Big Five, labelling them: extraversion/introversion; agreeableness/antagonism; conscientiousness/disinhibition; neuroticism/emotional stability; and openness to experience/closedness 2. signs of potentially troublesome personality patterns 3. assessment of adaptive value of dispositional traits 4. figure out the person's sense of identity - their personal narrative of where they are headed and how they got to be the way they are
psychology  newscientist  personality  assessment  x:newscientist  has:x 
september 2011 by pierredv
Riot psychology « Mind Hacks
"In his 2009 report on the scientific evidence behind ‘Crowd Psychology and Public Order Policing,’ commissioned by the UK constabulary, [Clifford Stott] summarises what we know about public disorder and how the authorities can best manage it (you can download it as a pdf).
He notes that the old ideas about the ‘mob mentality’, deindividuation and the loss of individual responsibility are still popular, but completely unsupported by what we know about how crowds react."
psychology  riots  crowds  x:mindhacks 
august 2011 by pierredv
Interoception drives increased rational decision-m... [Front Neurosci. 2011] - PubMed result
In summary, when assessing unfairness in the Ultimatum Game, meditators activate a different network of brain areas compared with controls enabling them to uncouple negative emotional reactions from their behavior.
meditation  research  decisionmaking  psychology  cognition 
august 2011 by pierredv
Study: Buddhist Meditation Promotes Rational Thinking - Miller-McCune Aug 2011
"It’s no secret that humans are not entirely rational when it comes to weighing rewards... But a new study suggests that people who regularly practice Buddhist meditation actually process these common social situations differently — and the researchers have the brain scans to prove it." "Ulrich Kirk and collaborators at Baylor Medical College in Houston had 40 control subjects and 26 longtime meditators participate in a well-known experiment called the Ultimatum Game. " "As in earlier experiments with the Ultimatum Game, the control subjects saw increased activity in a brain structure called the anterior insula when they were confronted with an unfair offer — an area linked to the emotion of disgust. But the meditators’ brains reacted quite differently, activating brain areas associated with interoception — the representation of the body’s internal state."
meditation  buddhism  research  psychology 
august 2011 by pierredv
The persuasive power of false confessions « Mind Hacks
"... the APS article takes a different tack. It looks at the psychology of how other people involved in deciding whether the person is guilty or not are influenced by confessions"
psychology  confessions  crime  justice  x:mindhacks 
august 2011 by pierredv
False confessions: Silence is golden | The Economist
"People have a strange and worrying tendency to admit to things they have not, in fact, done"
crime  justice  psychology  TheEconomist  confessions 
august 2011 by pierredv
Elderly? Put On a Happy Face! | Brain Blogger
"Positive affect is a psychological state of experiencing joy, happiness, excitement, enthusiasm, and contentment. In contrast, a negative affect is characterized by anxiety, depression, and hostility. Many studies have revealed an association between a positive affect and good health status, including improved immune system function, a lower risk of the common cold, and less morbidity and disability from chronic diseases. A new investigation, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, reports that positive affect also predicts overall survival in the elderly."
ageing  happiness  brainblogger  psychology 
august 2011 by pierredv
Schumpeter: Great bad men as bosses | The Economist
"Balzac supposedly wrote that “behind every great fortune lies a great crime”. It would be truer to say that behind every great fortune there is a psychological aberration."
psychology  leadership  TheEconomist  media  quotations 
august 2011 by pierredv
Is crime a virus or a beast? How metaphors shape our thoughts and decisions | Discover Magazine
"Kelling argued that the cops hadn’t wilfully neglected their duties. Their actions were swayed by their views of police-work, which were in turn affected by metaphors. They saw themselves as crime-fighters who trod the “thin blue line” protecting innocent civilians from criminal marauders. With this role entrenched in their minds, they saw their job as catching the rapist, even at the expense of preventing further crimes. As Kelling said, the eight Buffalo schoolgirls “were victims, though no one realized it at the time, not only of a rapist, but of a metaphor.”"
psychology  metaphor  crime  bias  decision-making 
july 2011 by pierredv
How metaphors shape the debate about crime fighting - Boroditsky Feb 2011
"Psychology Assistant Professor Lera Boroditsky and doctoral candidate Paul Thibodeau have shown that people will likely support an increase in police forces and jailing of offenders if crime is described as a "beast" preying on a community. But if people are told crime is a "virus" infecting a city, they are more inclined to treat the problem with social reform."

"They found Republican participants were about 10 percent more likely to suggest an enforcement-based solution [than Democrats]. But the difference was substantially less than the difference triggered by the metaphor."
metaphor  crime  psychology  language 
july 2011 by pierredv
Is Happiness Always a Good Thing? | Brain Blogger
Happiness is a component of subjective well-being, and is typically thought of as leading to positive outcomes. But, researchers now report that happiness may not always be as pleasant as it sounds.
happiness  psychology  research  brainblogger 
july 2011 by pierredv
The grand delusion: Why nothing is as it seems - New Scientist
Collection of articles about various illusions and delusions: = visual perception = bias = memory = self, us/them = consciousness
psychology  delusion  illusions  perception  brain  research  NewScientist  ** 
may 2011 by pierredv
The bonus myth: How paying for results can backfire - life - 12 April 2011 - New Scientist
Citing Alfie Kohn, Malcolm Higgs (Southampton), Edward Deci (Rochester), Dan Ariely (Duke), Laura Petersen & Thomas Gavagan (Baylor), Brian Serugma (Nottingham) "a large and growing body of evidence suggests that in many circumstances, paying for results can actually make people perform badly, and that the more you pay, the worse they perform." "rewarding children, students and workers with grades, incentives and other "bribes" leads to inferior work in the long run."
economics  employment  incentives  motivation  finance  psychology  bonuses  NewScientist  * 
may 2011 by pierredv
BPS Research Digest: The books and journal articles all psychologists should read
"Every month since January 2008 The Psychologist has featured a One-On-One interview page in which leading psychologists are asked, among other things, to name one book or journal article, either contemporary or historical, that all psychologists should read."
psychology  research  via:mindhacks  ** 
may 2011 by pierredv
The science of justice: I think it's time we broke for lunch… | The Economist
"Court rulings depend partly on when the judge last had a snack"
analysis of favorable rulings by parole boards
psychology  prison  justice  TheEconomist 
april 2011 by pierredv
Religion is irrational, but so is atheism - opinion by Jonathan Lanman - 28 March 2011 - New Scientist
strap: "Why are some people religious and others atheists? Do we really know what we mean by atheism? Jonathan Lanman thinks he has found a very paradoxical clue" His definitions: "non-theism": lack of belief in the existence of supernatural agents "strong atheism": the moral opposition to religious beliefs and values Argues that threat levels promote religious beliefs, including strong atheism: "Strong atheism is not the absence of an in-group ideology but the defence of one: modern secularism."
psychology  religion  NewScientist  opinion 
april 2011 by pierredv
Fossil fuels are far deadlier than nuclear power - tech - 23 March 2011 - New Scientist
Strap: "Nuclear power kills many fewer people than other energy sources, according to a review by the International Energy Agency"
nuclear  coal  energy  risk  myth  psychology  safety  NewScientist 
april 2011 by pierredv
How not to change a climate sceptic's mind - Dan Kahan = 18 March 2011 - New Scientist
"Kahan grades people on two scales of cultural belief: individualists versus communitarians, based on the different importance people attach to the public good when balanced against individual rights; and hierarchists versus egalitarians, based on their views on the stratification of society. Republicans are more likely to be hierarchical-individualist, while Democrats are more often egalitarian-communitarian. People's views on contentious scientific issues tend to reflect their position on these scales. For example, egalitarian-communitarians tend to accept the evidence that climate change is a threat, while hierarchical-individualists reject it."
psychology  experiment  argumentation  climate  NewScientist  politics 
april 2011 by pierredv
Paranormal investigations: why you want to believe - life - 16 March 2011 - New Scientist
article by Richard Wiseman - also a nice video to test how suggestible you are (I wasn't at all, when I tried it) Tag line: "the most interesting thing about belief in the supernatural is what it tells us about ourselves"
psychology  illusion  paranormal  ghosts  NewScientist  * 
march 2011 by pierredv
How to do well: Getting inside the mind | The Economist May 2011
Review of The Social Animal: The Hidden Sources of Love, Character and Achievement. By David Brooks "David Brooks uses [the story of Walter Mischel's marshmallow experiment] to illustrate how the conscious mind learns to subdue the unconscious. This is not a question of iron will, but about developing habits and strategies that trigger helpful processes in the unconscious, rather than unproductive ones. What matters is to learn to perceive property, people or situations in ways that reduce the temptation to lie, to steal or behave in a self-destructive way."
psychology  culture  economist  books  habits 
march 2011 by pierredv
Mind reading: The science of storytelling - 17 February 2011 - New Scientist
Starp line: "You may think you can tell fact from fiction, but your brain doesn't know the difference" Includes reports on research by Gazzaniga, Zak, Casebeer
psychology  writing  narrative  oxytocin  cognition  stories  NewScientist  research 
march 2011 by pierredv
Let’s hear it for the boy « Mind Hacks
"In the study, many of the women also explicitly reported what the researchers coyly labelled a ‘tactical use of copulatory vocalizations’ as a specific sexual strategy."
sex  psychology  research  via:mindhacks 
february 2011 by pierredv
Social Psychologists Detect Liberal Bias Within -
via MindHacks blog politics of the professoriate - speech by Jonathan Haidt ("height") at Society for Personality and Social Psychology conference
politics  academia  research  psychology  NYTimes  via  MindHacks 
february 2011 by pierredv
Mind gym: Putting meditation to the test - life - 11 January 2011 - New Scientist
Good review of current state of research. Reports on work by Clifford Saron (UC Davis), Katherine MacLean (Johns Hopkins), Antoine Lutz (U Wisconsin Madison), Heleen Slagter (Amsterdam), Amishi Jha (U Miami Coral Gables), Shamatha group, others Question that arises: to what extent do results found for samatha also flow from vipassana, and vice versa? Put another way, how big is the overlap, or, are there results that only flow from one and not the other?
meditation  experiments  psychology  NewScientist  ** 
january 2011 by pierredv
Psychology: The power of posture | The Economist
"How you hold yourself affects how you view yourself"
Research by Huang and Galinsky at Northwestern
psychology  experiment  posture  leadership  TheEconomist 
january 2011 by pierredv
Pain Alleviates Guilt
Agony seems to alleviate guilt. "Punishment relieves psychological pressure, allowing you to return to the comforting illusion of a just world. The person you harmed is no better off, but your stress is relieved." May in part explain the cathartic effect of painful meditation.
psychology  guilt  experiment  pain  meditation 
january 2011 by pierredv
Elevate yourself to become more virtuous - life - 13 January 2011 - New Scientist
"Positioning people at elevated heights can make them more compassionate, helpful, co-operative and charitable "
Cf. dhamma seat?
psychology  ethics  compassion  neuroscience  experiment 
january 2011 by pierredv Four Spiritualities: Expressions of Self, Expression of Spirit (9780891060833): Peter T. Richardson: Books
Via Dor Deasy
"Using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator as a tool for determining personality types, the author demonstrates in his first section that different individuals have different spiritual needs. Richardson applies these insights in his second section as he proceeds to explore, through illustrations from sources as diverse as the Bhagavad Gita and Mother Teresa, the similarities among various world religions. The author points to four spiritual paths (the Journey of Unity, the Journey of Devotion, the Journey of Works and the Journey of Harmony) that are universally present in the world's religious traditions.
religion  spirituality  psychology  books 
december 2010 by pierredv
What's in a name? The words behind thought - life - 06 September 2010 - New Scientist
"You think more words than you speak – perhaps because language really does shape the way we navigate the world"
language  psychology  experiment  cognition  NewScientist 
december 2010 by pierredv
Charming computers can help us understand ourselves - tech - 26 October 2010 - New Scientist
Clff Nass on using computers to research flattery. "This suggests the following social rule: don't hesitate to praise even if you're not sure the praise is accurate. Those who receive the praise will feel good and you will seem thoughtful and intelligent for noticing their wonderful qualities - whether they exist or not."
NewScientist  flattery  psychology  research 
november 2010 by pierredv
How weird are you? Oddball minds of the western world - life - 16 November 2010 - New Scientist
Westerners perform differently on many psych tests compared to those of other cultures WEIRD: "western, educated, industrialised, rich and democratic" e.g. = Müller-Lyer illusion = languages that orient to person vs. absolute directions = categorization: genus vs. class (elm vs. tree) = reasoning style: "Westerners are more inclined to reason analytically, focusing on categories and laws, while easterners reason holistically, paying more attention to patterns and context" = morality: money split game: " WEIRD people tended to make the largest offers - around 50 per cent - and when WEIRD folk were in the receiver's position, they were most likely to punish low offers with an outright rejection." Patterns in splitting money - " can be predicted on the basis of two relatively recent cultural developments: market integration and organised religion" = "The more a culture relies on market transactions and the greater the participation in world religions such as Christianity "
cognition  culture  psychology  NewScientist  illusions 
november 2010 by pierredv
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