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pierredv : rhetoric   19

To Tell Someone They’re Wrong, First Tell Them They’re Right - Quartz, Pocket, Sep 2019
Pascal: "When we wish to correct with advantage, and to show another that he errs, we must notice from what side he views the matter, for on that side it is usually true, and admit that truth to him, but reveal to him the side on which it is false."
argumentation  culture  psychology  rhetoric  Quartz  Blaise-Pascal 
4 weeks ago by pierredv
Definition and Examples of Narratives in Writing - ThoughtCo
The definition of narrative<https://www.thoughtco.com/plot-narratives-1691635> is a piece of writing that tells a story, and it is one of four classical rhetorical modes or ways that writers use to present information. The others include an exposition, which explains and analyzes an idea or set of ideas; an argument, which attempts to persuade the reader to a particular point of view; and a description, a written form of a visual experience.
ThoughtCo  narrative  writing  rhetoric  stories  * 
june 2019 by pierredv
Ethos, Pathos, and Logos -- The Three Rhetorical Appeals
"Aristotle defined rhetoric as “an ability, in each [particular] case, to see the available means of persuasion” (37). In other words, if you want to be persuasive you have to be both tactical and tactful. You have to find the method that works for your specific audience.

Aristotle also argued that there are three primary ways to make a persuasive appeal. He called these logos, ethos, and pathos. These three rhetorical appeals are at the heart of communication, and on this page we’ll explain how they work."
rhetoric  writing 
may 2019 by pierredv
Home - Ethos, Pathos, and Logos, the Modes of Persuasion ‒ Explanation and Examples
Ethos, Pathos, and Logos are modes of persuasion used to convince audiences. They are also referred to as the three artistic proofs (Aristotle coined the terms), and are all represented by Greek words.
rhetoric  narrative  persuasion 
may 2019 by pierredv
Is totally unoccupied TV band considered TV White Space?
With this flexibility, regulators could move ahead with policies to maximize spectrum usage without having to go through long regulatory processes. Countries such as India will be able to move forward to utilize their currently underutilized TV bands to benefit the unconnected rural areas, thus, achieving the Digital India initiative spearheaded by their Prime Minister Modi. Spectrum is a natural resource that should be used to benefit the people!
metaphor  rhetoric  spectrum  resources 
april 2017 by pierredv
Computers that can argue will be satnav for the moral maze | New Scientist Sep 2016
Issue 3090

"A machine capable of formulating an argument – not just searching information, but also synthesising it into more or less reasoned conclusions – would take the search engine to the next level. Such a “research engine” could aid decision-making in arenas from law to medicine to politics."

"Since the Jeopardy! success, [Noah] Slonim has been collaborating with the Watson team to see whether a machine could graduate from facts to arguments."

"In his 4th-century BC treatise on rhetoric, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle distinguished arguments rooted in facts and figures (which he called logos) from appeals that rely on the speaker’s credibility and expertise (ethos) and statements playing on an audience’s emotions (pathos). All three strands are readily discernible in public debate today. The successful campaign for the UK to vote to leave the European Union was arguably a triumph of pathos over logos; when Donald Trump punctuates his speeches with the refrain “believe me”, he is employing ethos, urging listeners to respect his authority."

“The growth of social media has radically awakened our individual expressive capacity,” says Carl Miller of the London-based think tank Demos. “But it hasn’t allowed us to compromise any better.” Reed agrees. “This is a deep structural problem. It’s really hard – even if you’re very motivated – to build up a coherent picture of the arguments pro and con on a particular debate.”

"Reed’s favourite source is the BBC radio show Moral Maze, in which panellists debate the ethics of an issue of the day. Its quasi-legal cut and thrust, laced with pathos and ethos, is just the thing from which to build a general framework for the essence of human argument. ... His team has since repeated the exercise many times, dissecting episodes of Moral Maze and other broadcast and print sources, plus some online forum postings, and turning them into a public databank of argument maps, accessible at aifdb.org. "
NewScientist  argument  rhetoric  reason  AI  automation  IBM  *  Aristotle 
march 2017 by pierredv
An allegory is not the same as a metaphor. In praise of the medieval literary tradition. -- Slate, Laura Miller , May 2016
Reminds me a lot of Jungian dream interpretation
"An entire literary tradition is being forgotten because writers use the term allegory to mean, like, whatever they want."
"An allegory, in short, is not just another word for a metaphor. In essence, it’s a form of fiction that represents immaterial things as images."
<praise of CS Lewis as literary critic>
"The characters in allegories like the 13th-century poem Roman de la Rose, or Edmund Spenser’s 16th-century masterpiece, The Faerie Queene, are “flat” by contemporary standards, possessed of only a few traits and behaving with inhuman consistency. But, as Lewis demonstrates in a long, virtuosic reading of Roman de la Rose, this is because they aren’t actually meant to be characters. Instead these people, the objects they handle, and the spaces they occupy all represent aspects of the self."
"The literate people of the Middle Ages were experts at comprehending art in this way. They routinely compounded vast amounts of meaning into certain ideas or motifs, partly because they were always attempting to integrate the cultural legacy of classical paganism into Christian theology."
"In a great allegory, the imagery is not a code for the underlying theme; it is every bit as important as theme."
rhetoric  allegory  metaphor  Slate  *  psychology  psychotherapy 
june 2016 by pierredv
The Public Voice of Women - Mary Beard - LRB Winter lectur 2014
“So much for the diagnosis: what’s the practical remedy? Like most women, I wish I knew. . . . We need to think more fundamentally about the rules of our rhetorical operations. . . . My hunch is that if we’re going to make real progress with the ‘Miss Triggs question’, we need to go back to some first principles about the nature of spoken authority, about what constitutes it, and how we have learned to hear authority where we do. And rather than push women into voice training classes to get a nice, deep, husky and entirely artificial tone, we should be thinking more about the faultlines and fractures that underlie dominant male discourse.”
sexism  rhetoric  LRB  podcasts  history  ancient-history  feminism 
april 2016 by pierredv
Explaining the alluring influence of neuroscience information on scientific reasoning
via New Scientist, Feedback "Previous studies have investigated the influence of neuroscience information or images on ratings of scientific evidence quality but have yielded mixed results. We examined the influence of neuroscience information on evaluations of flawed scientific studies after taking into account individual differences in scientific reasoning skills, thinking dispositions, and prior beliefs about a claim. We found that neuroscience information, even though irrelevant, made people believe they had a better understanding of the mechanism underlying a behavioral phenomenon. Neuroscience information had a smaller effect on ratings of article quality and scientist quality. Our study suggests that neuroscience information may provide an illusion of explanatory depth"
psychology  persuasion  rhetoric  neuroscience 
july 2015 by pierredv
Understand faulty thinking to tackle climate change - Opinion - George Marshall - www.newscientist.com Aug 2014
Kahneman "regards climate change as a perfect trigger [for loss aversion]: a distant problem that requires sacrifices now to avoid uncertain losses far in the future." "... the real problem: climate change is exceptionally amorphous. It provides us with no defining qualities that would give it a clear identity: no deadlines, no geographic location, no single cause or solution and, critically, no obvious enemy. ... leaving climate change wide open to another of Kahneman's biases – an "assimilation bias" that bends information to fit people's existing values and prejudices." "This silence is similar to that found around human rights abuses, argued the late Stanley Cohen" "Our response to climate change is uncannily similar to an even more universal disavowal: unwillingness to face our own mortality, says neuroscientist Janis Dickinson" "it is a mistake to assume that the scientific evidence of climate change will flow directly into action – or, conversely, that climate denial can be"
metaphor  rhetoric  climate-change  politics  bias  loss-aversion  assimilation-bias  narrative 
october 2014 by pierredv
Lefty nonsense: When progressives wage war on reason - opinion - 04 February 2013 - New Scientist
"Conservatives' sins against science - objections to stem cell research, denial of climate science, opposition to evolution and the rest - are widely reported and well known. But conservatives don't have a monopoly on unscientific policies. Progressives are just as bad, if not worse. Their ideology is riddled with anti-scientific feel-good fallacies designed to win hearts, not minds. Just like biodegradeable spoons, their policies often crumble in the face of reality and leave behind a big mess. Worse, anyone who questions them is condemned as anti-science. "We have all heard about the Republican war on science; we want to draw attention to the progressive war on reason."
politics  Campbell  rhetoric  Berezow  NewScientist  science 
april 2013 by pierredv
Kroes Speech: Thinking European, and winning the wireless race, Feb 2013
Neelie Kroes Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG) Plenary meeting /Brussels 20 February 2013
RSPG  speech  EuropeanCommission  spectrum  rhetoric 
february 2013 by pierredv
Adam Thierer: Technopanics, Threat Inflation, and the Danger of an Information Technology Precautionary Principle - University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy
Technopanics, Threat Inflation, and the Danger of an Information Technology Precautionary Principle Thierer, Adam "Fear is an extremely powerful motivational force. In public policy debates, appeals to fear are often used in an attempt to sway opinion or bolster the case for action. Such appeals are used to convince citizens that threats to individual or social well-being may be avoided only if specific steps are taken. . . This paper considers the structure of fear appeal arguments in technology policy debates, and then outlines how those arguments can be deconstructed and refuted in both cultural and economic contexts"
AdamdThierer  via:cybertelecom  rhetoric  policy 
february 2013 by pierredv
Stop Using These 16 Terms to Describe Yourself | LinkedIn
"Do you describe yourself differently – on your website, promotional materials, or especially on social media – than you do in person? Do you use cheesy clichés and overblown superlatives and breathless adjectives?

Do you write things about yourself you would never have the nerve to actually say?

Here are some words that are great when other people use them to describe you – but you should never use to describe yourself:"
employment  words  rhetoric  x:LinkedIn 
january 2013 by pierredv
Aristotle's Rhetoric
This online version of Aristotle's Rhetoric is based on the translation of noted classical scholar W. Rhys Roberts
philosophy  rhetoric  classics  writing  text  greek  aristotle 
november 2009 by pierredv

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