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pierredv : sociology   22

Imaginary (sociology) - Wikipedia
The imaginary (or social imaginary) is the set of values, institutions, laws, and symbols common to a particular social group and the corresponding society through which people imagine their social whole.
Wikipedia  sociology  culture 
june 2019 by pierredv
Technology is Society Made Durable - Bruno Latour, 1990
First Published May 1, 1990 Research Article


Is it possible to devise a set of concepts that could replace the technology/society divide? This set of new concepts - association and substitution - might help to rephrase some of the traditional questions of social order and especially that of the durability of domination of power. However, instead of using different tools to analyse power and weakness, it is argued that power and domination are simply different values of variables that should be studied in their whole range. By reconstructing networks it is argued that a full description of power and domination may be obtained.
april 2019 by pierredv
Looking for the Perfect Gift? Social Science Can Help - AEI
Imagine the look on the kids’ little faces when, instead of putting presents under the tree, you whip out your wallet and give them each a crisp $100 bill. I proposed that once to my wife and she suggested that we should also start a fund to pay for their counseling.
sociology  economics  AEI  humor  Arthur-Brooks 
december 2016 by pierredv
The mathematics of science's broken reward system : Nature News & Comment - Nov 2016
“Whenever quantitative metrics are used as proxies to evaluate and reward scientists,” write Smaldino and McElreath, “those metrics become open to exploitation if it is easier to do so than to directly improve the quality of research.” That’s basically a statement of Goodhart’s law, familiar to economists: when a measure of success becomes a target, it loses its worth.
science  research  methods  sociology  NatureJournal 
november 2016 by pierredv
Ghosting, the Irish goodbye, the French leave: stop saying goodbye at parties.
"Ghosting—aka the Irish goodbye, the French exit, and any number of other vaguely ethnophobic terms—refers to leaving a social gathering without saying your farewells. "
etiquette  sociology  Slate  culture  introverts 
october 2014 by pierredv
Physics goes social: How behaviour obeys quantum logic - opinion - 11 July 2013 - New Scientist
Andrei Khrennikov and Emmanuel Haven See their book "Quantum Social Science" "The idea of using quantum mechanics outside physics started more than a decade ago when we were trying to find new ways to model information in the social sciences – for example, information driving asset prices. We found that concepts from the quantum world can have insightful economic meaning. For instance, quantum potentials – a central concept in a particular interpretation of quantum mechanics – can play a role in the construction of pricing formulae." Other applications: Ellsberg paradox (behaviour in two stage gambles); quantum-like artificial intelligence; how voters are influenced by a stream of mass media information
Ellsberg  paradox  books  sociology  quantum-mechanics  NewScientist  AI  decision-making  Khrennikov  voting  Haven  gambling 
august 2013 by pierredv
Dustin Kidd - How do I Love Thee? No Really, How? Theory, Literary History, and Theory in Luhmann's Love as Passion
Essay on Niklas Luhmann's Love as Passion; The Codification of Intimacy Via reference in "Quality of Experience in Communications Ecosystem" by Kalevi Kilkki
love  sociology  Luhrmann 
march 2013 by pierredv
Sociology: Honour the helpful : Nature : Sep 2012
"What kind of scientist does a department want to hire? The investigator who churns out high-impact papers and travels around the world giving seminars? Or someone with an average publication record who is always discussing other people's work with them, attending seminars and providing feedback on colleagues' papers? Most departments would probably hire the first one and not think twice. I believe the choice is not so straightforward." ... "By reviewing the acknowledgements in immunology papers since 1950, I have found that when principal investigators (PIs) who were frequently thanked by others died unexpectedly, the quality of the papers of their collaborators dropped. In contrast, the quality of co-authors' work changed little after the passing away of PIs who were not particularly helpful to others"
research  science  sociology  helpfulness  academic  NatureJournal 
october 2012 by pierredv
World of Warcraft predicts the future - 24 March 2010 - New Scientist
Quote, William Sims Bainbridge: "The horrendous question that always troubles me is, what if religion is factually false but necessary for human well-being? What does science do then?"
sociology  religion  NewScientist  quotations 
april 2010 by pierredv
Can university subjects reveal terrorists in the making? - opinion - 15 June 2009 - New Scientist
"Diego Gambetta and Steffen Hertog suggest that in the psyche of engineers lurks something that makes them more predisposed to terrorism" - but the statistics are really thin, and questionable. In a commenting letter, Andrew Lee notes: Even if we accept their claim that engineering graduates are over-represented in the ranks of violent radicals from the Islamic world, it's quite a leap to then assert that "engineers are more likely to have... personality traits that make radical Islamism more attractive".
sociology  islam  security  terrorism  NewScientist  psychology 
september 2009 by pierredv
How Things Work - Geoffrey Bowker
paper trying to answer questions around What work do classifications and standards do?
standards  classification  sociology 
september 2009 by pierredv
What is Actor-Network Theory?
compendium of one-paragraph definitions by a series of people
sociology  reference  definition  spectrum  metaphor 
september 2009 by pierredv
Perils of Interdisciplinary Scholarship — Evading the Discipline Police? | Computational Legal Studies
super list of five articles that could inform my work, too:
Gergely Palla, Albert-László Barabási & Tamás Vicsek, Quantifying Social Group Evolution, Nature 446: 664-667 (5 April 2007)

John Mikhail, Universal Moral Grammar: Theory, Evidence, and the Future, 11 Trends in Cognitive Sciences 143 (2007)

Jenna Bednar & Scott Page, Can Game(s) Theory Explain Culture? (The Emergence of Cultural Behavior Within Multiple Games), Rationality and Society, 19: 65-97 (2007).

Riley Crane & Didier Sornette (2008) Robust Dynamic Classes Revealed by Measuring the Response Function of a Social System, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 105: 15649-15653.

Frans de Waal, Kristen Leimgruber & Amanda Greenberg (2008). Giving is Self-Rewarding for Monkeys. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 105: 13685-13689.
socialnetworks  research  ***  sociology 
july 2009 by pierredv
Blaming and shaming inequality | Always with us? | The Economist 28 feb 2009
Review of work by social scientists Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett. they argue that policy is misguided because it conceives of social ills in isolation, rather than treating the root cause; and because the cause is not poverty as such, but inequality: "It is a sweeping claim, yet the evidence, here painstakingly marshalled, is hard to dispute. Within the rich world, where destitution is rare, countries where incomes are more evenly distributed have longer-lived citizens and lower rates of obesity, delinquency, depression and teenage pregnancy than richer countries where wealth is more concentrated. Studies of British civil servants find that senior ones enjoy better health than their immediate subordinates, who in turn do better than those further down the ladder."
sociology  economics  equality  justice  economist 
april 2009 by pierredv
Science rules OK: Running societies the rational way - New Scientist
Why double blind trials are so scarce in public policy, and not acted on even when they're done "Why would we expect elected officials to immediately change policy based on randomised trial research if we can't get doctors to wash their hands?"
politics  policy  rationality  sociology  NewScientist 
may 2008 by pierredv
Eszter Hargittai -
ref via Marc Smith
"research focuses on the social and policy implications of information technologies with a particular interest in how IT may contribute to or alleviate social inequalities"
october 2006 by pierredv

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