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Luck Is a Bigger Contributor to Success Than People Give It Credit For - The Atlantic
"When people see themselves as self-made, they tend to be less generous and public-spirited."
"According to the Pew Research Center, people in higher income brackets are much more likely than those with lower incomes to say that individuals get rich primarily because they work hard. ... That’s troubling, because a growing body of evidence suggests that seeing ourselves as self-made—rather than as talented, hardworking, and lucky—leads us to be less generous and public-spirited."
"Our understanding of human cognition provides one important clue as to why we may see success as inevitable: the availability heuristic. ... Little wonder that when talented, hardworking people in developed countries strike it rich, they tend to ascribe their success to talent and hard work above all else. Most of them are vividly aware of how hard they’ve worked and how talented they are."
"Our personal narratives are biased in a second way: Events that work to our disadvantage are easier to recall than those that affect us positively."
"Social scientists have been studying gratitude intensively for almost two decades, and have found that it produces a remarkable array of physical, psychological, and social changes."
Work by Emmons and McCullough: "they asked a first group of people to keep diaries in which they noted things that had made them feel grateful, a second group to note things that had made them feel irritated, and a third group to simply record events. After 10 weeks, the researchers reported dramatic changes in those who had noted their feelings of gratitude."
theAtlantic  luck  success  philanthropy  bias  gratitude  psychology 
june 2016 by pierredv

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