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After Technopoly - Alan Jacobs - The New Atlantis - aug 2019,
Technocratic solutionism is dying. To replace it, we must learn again the creation and reception of myth.

What Neil Postman called “technopoly” may be described as the universal and virtually inescapable rule of our everyday lives by those who make and deploy technology, especially, in this moment, the instruments of digital communication. It is difficult for us to grasp what it’s like to live under technopoly, or how to endure or escape or resist the regime. These questions may best be approached by drawing on a handful of concepts meant to describe a slightly earlier stage of our common culture.
technology  ideas  TheNewAtlantis  NewAtlantis  myth 
22 hours ago by pierredv
Thinking technicity: Cultural Values: Vol 2, No 1 - Richard Beardsworth
Abstract

The evermore explicit technicization of the world, together with the immeasurable nature of the political and ethical questions that it poses, explicitly defy the syntheses of human imagination and invention. In response to this challenge, how can philosophy, in its relation of nonrelation with politics, help in orienting present and future negotiation with the processes of complexification that this technicization implies? The article argues that one important way to do this is to think and develop our understanding of technicity from out of metaphysics, its destructions and deconstructions. The argument proceeds from the aporia of knowledge in Plato's Meno, situates continental philosophical thought's various articulations of the ‘other’ of metaphysics in relation to the problematic of this aporia and claims that certain understandings of this alterity can be further articulated in terms of technical supplementarity. Working between the concept of ‘arche‐writing’ in the thought of Jacques Derrida and that of ‘epiphylogenesis’ in that of Bernard Stiegler, the article then develops this supplementarity in terms of a play between originary technicity and its historical differentiations, one that both holds to the articulation of alterity in recent continental philosophy and develops it further in terms of its relation to historical determination. This relation, posited through a thinking of technicity, permits, finally, the ‘development’ of an ethics of giving time with which negotiation with processes of complexification can be undertaken in the name of justice. An ethical relation to these processes thereby emerges through the very excess of the human.
philosophy  technology  technicity 
3 days ago by pierredv
"Messages from the Mines (MFTM)
"Messages from the Mines (MFTM) excavates and archives custom messages that have been permanently embedded in the Bitcoin blockchain. The distributed Bitcoin ledger contains hidden love messages, cryptic poems, ASCII art, signatures, eulogies and more. These messages are a creative misuse of the Bitcoin transaction protocol, a form of digital graffiti; unique cultural artifacts forever embedded in one of the most contemporary digital technologies."
bitcoin  blockchain  art  technology  text 
10 days ago by pierredv
Collusion
From About page : "Collusion is a not-for-profit company that creates ambitious, disruptive, immersive, and interactive public artworks and events that consider the impact of emerging technology on society."
art  technology  society 
10 days ago by pierredv
Elizabeth Holmes: The hypnotic tale of the rise and fall of Theranos | New Scientist, Mar 2019
"Theranos founder Elizabeth Holmes built a $10 billion company on the promise of a miracle blood test. But it didn’t work. A new film, The Inventor, follows the fallout"
See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wtDaP18OGfw

"How could so many smart people have been duped for so long? "

"Eerily, Holmes named her prototype blood-testing machine “Edison”. The real Edison also pretended things worked when they didn’t."

"Ian Gibbons, Theranos’s chief scientist,was pushed out. Facing a legal battle involving the company, he took his own life."

"The film shows how Holmes and Balwani created a culture of paranoia. "
NewScientist  History  technology  biotech  tricksters  innovation 
4 weeks ago by pierredv
The HP Garage
"In 1938 David and Lucile Packard got married and rented the first floor of the house at 367 Addison Avenue in Palo Alto. The simple one car garage became the HP workshop and the little shack out back became Bill Hewlett's home. In 1989 California named the garage "the birthplace of Silicon Valley" and made it a California Historical Landmark."
technology  mythology  stories  history 
6 weeks ago by pierredv
(48) (PDF) Technology in Cross-Cultural Mythology: Western and Non-Western | Kevin LaGrandeur - Academia.edu
Kevin LaGrandeur

What is really significant when we look at technology in the ancient world is that technology is not limited to Classical mythology. Rather, its presence in those stories coincides in important ways with its appearance in other types of fictional and non-fictional accounts, and not just in Western literature, but in the literature of other cultures as well. These other accounts include quasi-mythological tales like The Iliad, tales from ancient cultures in India and China, and non-fictional accounts of real instances of technological innovation by ancient inventors. The devices made by ancient Greek engineers—such as the Antikythera mechanism, or the devices of Ctsebius and Hero of Alexandria, and Philon of Byzantium—are especially notable because they reflect, and are reflected by, the various fictional accounts. Chief in importance among technological innovations that appear in all three realms (stories, myths, and reality) are automata, especially humanoid automata. Their main significance is their ability to enhance and project the power and status of their makers or owners, who were sometimes the same individuals.
More Info: This is an early draft of a paper that was later published, in different form (see link below), as "“Robots, Moving Statues, and Automata in AncientTales and History,” in Critical Insights: Technology and Humanity, ed. Carol Colatrella (Salem Press, 2012).
academia.edu  mythology  technology 
8 weeks ago by pierredv
Stories about economics and technology: The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought: Vol 17, No 5
Robert Solow

Abstract

This essay offers an unsystematic sketch of seval ways in which economists have approached the need to represent and model changes in technology. It begins with the failures of Ricardo and Mill to respond adequately to the continueing increase of productivity after the Industrial Revolution, and ascribes it to the lack of appropriate analytical technique. It goes on to the question of classification of inventions posed by Hicks, with responses from other authors. It concludes with comments on the current intereste in endogenizing technical profress as a routine profit-seeking activity, with the thought that an uneasy compormise between exogeneous and endogeneous may be the best that can be done.
history  economics  technology  stories 
may 2019 by pierredv
Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) – An international learned society devoted to history of technology
SHOT
Society for the History of Technology

The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) was formed in 1958 to encourage the study of the development of technology and its relations with society and culture.

SHOT is an interdisciplinary organization concerned not only with the history of technological devices and processes but also with technology in history (the relationship of technology to politics, economics, science, the arts, and the organization of production) and with the role it plays in the differentiation of individuals in society.
history  technology 
may 2019 by pierredv
Technology's Stories - SHOT
Formed in 1958, The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) encourages the historical study of technology in society and culture.
technology  stories  history 
may 2019 by pierredv
How Tech Utopia Fostered Tyranny - The New Atlantis -Winter 2019
"Authoritarians’ love for digital technology is no fluke — it’s a product of Silicon Valley’s “smart” paternalism"

"ools based on the premise that access to information will only enlighten us and social connectivity will only make us more humane have instead fanned conspiracy theories, information bubbles, and social fracture. A tech movement spurred by visions of libertarian empowerment and progressive uplift has instead fanned a global resurgence of populism and authoritarianism."

"But what we are searching for — what we desire — is often shaped by what we are exposed to and what we believe others desire. And so predicting what is useful, however value-neutral this may sound, can shade into deciding what is useful, both to individual users and to groups, and thereby shaping what kinds of people we become, for both better and worse."

"As long as our desires are unsettled and malleable — as long as we are human — the engineering choices of Google and the rest must be as much acts of persuasion as of prediction."

"Each company was founded on a variation of the premise that providing more people with more information and better tools, and helping them connect with each other, would help them lead better, freer, richer lives."

"Moreover, because algorithms are subject to strategic manipulation and because they are attempting to provide results unique to you, the choices shaping these powerful defaults are necessarily hidden away by platforms demanding you simply trust them"

"We can see the shift from “access to tools” to algorithmic utopianism in the unheralded, inexorable replacement of the “page” by the “feed.” "

"By consuming what the algorithm says I want, I trust the algorithm to make me ever more who it thinks I already am."

"What’s shocking isn’t that technological development is a two-edged sword. It’s that the power of these technologies is paired with a stunning apathy among their creators about who might use them and how. Google employees have recently declared that helping the Pentagon with a military AI program is a bridge too far, convincing the company to cancel a $10 billion contract. But at the same time, Google, Apple, and Microsoft, committed to the ideals of open-source software and collaboration toward technological progress, have published machine-learning tools for anyone to use, including agents provocateur and revenge pornographers."

"They and their successors, based on optimistic assumptions about human nature, built machines to maximize those naturally good human desires. But, to use a line from Bruno Latour, “technology is society made durable.” That is, to extend Latour’s point, technology stabilizes in concrete form what societies already find desirable."
politics  surveillance  technology  TheNewAtlantis  Google  Facebook  AI  prediction  ethics  morality  search  trust  behavior 
april 2019 by pierredv
The technology, mythology and economy of technology | Management Decision | Vol 38, No 6
Kazem Chaharbaghi, Robert Willis, (2000) "The technology, mythology and economy of technology", Management Decision, Vol. 38 Issue: 6, pp.394-402, https://doi.org/10.1108/00251740010344577
technology  mythology 
april 2019 by pierredv
Metric of the Month: Service Desk Cost per Ticket | HDI
North America

Cost per ticket: $15.56 avg
Cost per minute of handle time: avg $1.60
techstuff  technology  tech-support  metrics  commerce  business 
march 2019 by pierredv
Tech Is Splitting the U.S. Work Force in Two - The New York Times, Feb 2019
"Despite all its shiny new high-tech businesses, the vast majority of new jobs are in workaday service industries, like health care, hospitality, retail and building services, where pay is mediocre."

"But automation is changing the nature of work, flushing workers without a college degree out of productive industries, like manufacturing and high-tech services, and into tasks with meager wages and no prospect for advancement. Automation is splitting the American labor force into two worlds. "

"Recent research has concluded that robots are reducing the demand for workers and weighing down wages, which have been rising more slowly than the productivity of workers. Some economists have concluded that the use of robots explains the decline in the share of national income going into workers’ paychecks over the last three decades."

"In a new study, David Autor of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Anna Salomons of Utrecht University found that over the last 40 years, jobs have fallen in every single industry that introduced technologies to enhance productivity. "
automation  technology  economics  NYTimes  employment  AI 
february 2019 by pierredv
'The goal is to automate us': welcome to the age of surveillance capitalism | Technology | The Guardian, John Naughton, Jan 2019
"Shoshana Zuboff’s new book is a chilling exposé of the business model that underpins the digital world. Observer tech columnist John Naughton explains the importance of Zuboff’s work and asks the author 10 key questions"

"The headline story is that it’s not so much about the nature of digital technology as about a new mutant form of capitalism that has found a way to use tech for its purposes. The name Zuboff has given to the new variant is “surveillance capitalism”. It works by providing free services that billions of people cheerfully use, enabling the providers of those services to monitor the behaviour of those users in astonishing detail – often without their explicit consent."

Zuboff: “Surveillance capitalism unilaterally claims human experience as free raw material for translation into behavioural data. Although some of these data are applied to service improvement, the rest are declared as a proprietary behavioural surplus, fed into advanced manufacturing processes known as ‘machine intelligence’, and fabricated into prediction products that anticipate what you will do now, soon, and later. Finally, these prediction products are traded in a new kind of marketplace that I call behavioural futures markets. Surveillance capitalists have grown immensely wealthy from these trading operations, for many companies are willing to lay bets on our future behaviour.”

Change in scale drives change in kind: "Thus Google decided that it would digitise and store every book ever printed, regardless of copyright issues. Or that it would photograph every street and house on the planet without asking anyone’s permission."

"The combination of state surveillance and its capitalist counterpart means that digital technology is separating the citizens in all societies into two groups: the watchers (invisible, unknown and unaccountable) and the watched. "

"Nearly every product or service that begins with the word “smart” or “personalised”, every internet-enabled device, every “digital assistant”, is simply a supply-chain interface for the unobstructed flow of behavioural data on its way to predicting our futures in a surveillance economy."

"Once we searched Google, but now Google searches us. Once we thought of digital services as free, but now surveillance capitalists think of us as free."

"The tech leaders desperately want us to believe that technology is the inevitable force here, and their hands are tied. But there is a rich history of digital applications before surveillance capitalism that really were empowering and consistent with democratic values. Technology is the puppet, but surveillance capitalism is the puppet master."
TheGuardian  Shoshana-Zuboff  surveillance  capitalism  technology  interviews  quotations  books  behavioral-advertising 
january 2019 by pierredv
Are We Ready to Defend Our Freedom? Book Review: "The Age of Surveillance Capitalism"
This is a total cop-out: "This predatory use of personal data is not an inevitable result of digital technology. The technology is neither good nor bad. Its ethical performance comes from how we humans decide to use it."

It's a "guns don't kill people, people kill people" argument. Use is part of technology, and design is made with a use in mind. The ethical performance isn't just after the fact ("how we humans decide to use it") but baked in at the beginning

Cf. technology with spectrum, defined as the conjunction of radio signals with the rights & means to use them.
CircleID  books  reviews  Klaus-Stoll  capitalism  DNS  technology 
january 2019 by pierredv
Opinion | Our Cellphones Aren’t Safe - The New York Times, Dec 2018
America’s cellular network is as vital to society as the highway system and power grids. Vulnerabilities in the mobile phone infrastructure threaten not only personal privacy and security, but also the country’s. According to intelligence reports, spies are eavesdropping on President Trump’s cellphone conversations and using fake cellular towers in Washington to intercept phone calls. Cellular communication infrastructure, the system at the heart of modern communication, commerce and governance, is woefully insecure. And we are doing nothing to fix it.
technology  security  privacy  NYT  EFF  opinion  cyber-spectrum 
december 2018 by pierredv
What Is the Sharing Economy - Example Companies, Definition, Pros & Cons, Mar 2018
Examples
1. Peer-to-Peer Lending
2. Crowdfunding: Kickstarter
3. Apartment/House Renting and Couchsurfing: Airbnb
4. Ridesharing and Carsharing: Uber, Zipcar
5. Coworking
6. Reselling and Trading: eBay, Criagslist
7. Knowledge and Talent-Sharing: TaskRabbit, Mechanical Turk
sharing  technology  economics  business 
november 2018 by pierredv
Reading in the era of digitisation: An introduction to the special issue | Kovač | First Monday Sep 2018
"Digital materials can be adapted to each individual’s skill level, enabling flexible learning processes to accommodate the particular needs and developments of each reader. At the same time, empirical research indicates that the affordances of screens may also foster less advantageous reading developments, habits and mind sets.

"This warrants balancing the discourse on possibilities and advantages of digital technologies. To this purpose ‘Evolution of Reading in the Age of Digitisation’ (E-READ) — a research initiative funded by COST (European Cooperation in Science & Technology) as Action IS1404 — has brought together almost 200 scholars and scientists of reading, publishing, and literacy from across Europe. Starting from the assumption that the introduction of digital technologies for reading is not neutral regarding cognition and comprehension, the members of the network joined in an effort to research how readers, and particularly children and young adults, comprehend or remember written text when using print versus digital materials.

"The main findings can be summarised in the following manner:

General comprehension when reading long-form text on a digital screen tends to be either about the same as or inferior to doing the same reading in print;

More demanding tasks (e.g., requiring greater depth of understanding or reproduction of detail or when longer texts are used) suffer more than leisure tasks (e.g., narrative reading);

Readers are more likely to be overconfident about their comprehension abilities when reading digitally than when reading print, in particular under time pressure;

Contrary to expectations about the behaviour of ‘digital natives’, screen inferiority effects have been increasing rather than decreasing over time, regardless of the age group and regardless of prior experience with digital environments;

Digital text offers unsurpassed opportunities to tailor text presentation to an individual’s needs, which has been found to support struggling readers to develop adequate reading skills;

Equivalence between the paper and screen mediums — and even an advantage of digital environments — can be achieved, provided conscious engagement in in-depth processing (e.g., writing keywords that summarize the text) is actively promoted.
FirstMonday  reading  writing  comprehension  literacy  *  technology 
october 2018 by pierredv
Will technology destroy our democracy? - BBC News, Apr 2018
Will technology destroy our democracy?

Could the spread of social media and digital technology undermine democracy? Jamie Bartlett, the author of The People versus Tech, believes it could.

He argues there is a compatibility problem between democracy and technology. Institutions and regulations - like a free press, an informed citizenry, rules about election advertising - keep democracy working. All voters get the same facts and messages.

But big data analysis will enable politicians to target voters individually with highly targeted messaging that regulators can’t easily see, exploiting people's psychological vulnerabilities.

Jamie Bartlett explains more.
BBC  video  documentary  democracy  technology 
september 2018 by pierredv
Wi-Fi Gets More Secure: Everything You Need to Know About WPA3 - IEEE Spectrum
"WPA3, Enhanced Open, Easy Connect: The Wi-Fi Alliance's trio of new protocols explained"
security  technology  Wi-Fi  IEEE-Spectrum 
september 2018 by pierredv
The rise of 'pseudo-AI': how tech firms quietly use humans to do bots' work | Technology | The Guardian
"It’s hard to build a service powered by artificial intelligence. So hard, in fact, that some startups have worked out it’s cheaper and easier to get humans to behave like robots than it is to get machines to behave like humans.""In 2016, Bloomberg highlighted the plight of the humans spending 12 hours a day pretending to be chatbots for calendar scheduling services such as X.ai and Clara. The job was so mind-numbing that human employees said they were looking forward to being replaced by bots. "
TheGuardian  AI  employment  start-ups  technology  business 
july 2018 by pierredv
Ten years in, nobody has come up with a use for blockchain, Kai Stinchcomte, Dec 2017
"Everyone says the blockchain, the technology underpinning cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin, is going to change EVERYTHING. And yet, after years of tireless effort and billions of dollars invested, nobody has actually come up with a use for the blockchain—besides currency speculation and illegal transactions.

Each purported use case — from payments to legal documents, from escrow to voting systems—amounts to a set of contortions to add a distributed, encrypted, anonymous ledger where none was needed. What if there isn’t actually any use for a distributed ledger at all? What if, ten years after it was invented, the reason nobody has adopted a distributed ledger at scale is because nobody wants it?"
technology  bitcoin  blockchain 
june 2018 by pierredv
Wokeness and Myth on Campus - The New Atlantis Jan 2018
"The problem lies in a failure to grasp the true nature of the students’ position. If we are going to understand that position, we will need to draw on intellectual sources quite other than those typically invoked. What is required of us is the study of myth — and not in any pejorative or dismissive sense, but in the sense of an ineradicable element of human consciousness."

Polish philosopher Leszek Kołakowski's "technological core is analytical, sequential, and empirical. Another way to put this is to say that what belongs to the technological core is what we find to hand: whatever occupies the lifeworld we share, and is therefore subject to our manipulation and control, and to debates about what it is and what might be done with it. To this core belong instrumental and discursive reason, including all the sciences and most forms of philosophy — everything that reckons with the possible uses of human power to shape ourselves and our environment. The technological core undergirds and produces the phenomena we typically refer to as technological.

The “mythical core” of civilization, by contrast, describes that aspect of our experience “not revealed by scientific questions and beliefs.” It encompasses the “nonempirical unconditioned reality” of our experience, that which is not amenable to confirmation or disconfirmation."

"... as Kołakowski contends, the technological core and the mythical core will always come into regular and profound conflict with each other: “The futility of this clash would not in the end be so burdensome were it not that both points of view, incapable of synthesis and eternally in conflict, are after all present in [every one] of us, although in varying degrees of vitality. They have to coexist and yet they cannot coexist.”"
NewAtlantis  myth  politics  religion  technology  *  academia  education 
january 2018 by pierredv
Perrow, C.: Normal Accidents: Living with High Risk Technologies (Paperback and eBook) | Princeton University Press
Via Steven Bellovin

"Normal Accidents analyzes the social side of technological risk. Charles Perrow argues that the conventional engineering approach to ensuring safety--building in more warnings and safeguards--fails because systems complexity makes failures inevitable. He asserts that typical precautions, by adding to complexity, may help create new categories of accidents. (At Chernobyl, tests of a new safety system helped produce the meltdown and subsequent fire.) By recognizing two dimensions of risk--complex versus linear interactions, and tight versus loose coupling--this book provides a powerful framework for analyzing risks and the organizations that insist we run them."
books  risk  technology 
october 2017 by pierredv
Stand Out of Our Light: Freedom and Persuasion in the Attention Economy – CRASSH
"James Williams won the inaugural Nine Dots Prize with his entry Stand Out of Our Light: Freedom and Persuasion in the Attention Economy. Here are some sample extracts from his 3,000-word response to the question 'Are digital technologies making politics impossible?'."
essays  writing  technology  attention 
september 2017 by pierredv
Disrupting the trust business - Economist Tech Quarterly, July 2017
"The trust business is little noticed but huge. Startups deploying blockchain technology threaten to disrupt it, and much else besides"

"Together, list-keepers and those who watch them form one of the world’s biggest and least noticed industries, the trust business."

"Different sorts of self-sufficient lists now abound" --
Ethereum, Everledger

"... the other big function of such ledgers: they can serve as a source of truth ... " "truth services"

"Transactions on a blockchain could also serve as input for smart contracts. "

Other companies: Slock.it, OpenBazaar, Steemit, Synereo

"If even objects control their own destiny, what is left for governments and the nation state to do? "
1. "in many cases somebody still has to make sure that the information baked into a blockchain is actually true"
2. "The technology could also be used as a cheap platform to generate what poor countries lack most: more efficient government and trust in contracts."
3. "... money. Although the blockchain was created to replace them, central bankers have been interested in the technology from the beginning. When banks share a ledger, rather than keeping their information in separate databases, it will be simpler for regulators to observe financial flows."

CAVEATS:
1. "The technology today is nowhere near being able to support many of these applications. " -- ledgers not immutable, scaling problems
2. "institutional resistance"
3. politics (including internal fights among engineers)
TheEconomist  technology  bitcoin  blockchain  regulation  government 
august 2017 by pierredv
Future-Proofing Justice: Building a Research Agenda to Address the Effects of Technological Change on the Protection of Constitutional Rights | RAND
"Research Question: What are the research and other needs that either address concerns or take advantage of opportunities related to emerging technologies and the protection of individuals' constitutional rights in the criminal justice system?"

"Via a Delphi-based prioritization of the results, the panel crafted a research agenda — including best practice and training development, evaluation, and fundamental research efforts — to provide the criminal justice community with the knowledge and capabilities needed to address these important and complex technological questions going forward."

"The panel's research agenda prioritized needs that fell into three categories: best practice and training development, addressing such issues as criminal justice data quality and its implications for individuals' rights; evaluation work to better understand how analytic tools (such as risk assessment instruments) perform; and fundamental research on such topics as how the exploding volume of electronic data could affect the protection of rights."

"Among the issues raised by the panel, the need to educate participants in the criminal justice system was most prominent."
RAND  justice  technology  constitutional-rights  law  risk-assessment 
february 2017 by pierredv
Roy Amara - Wikipedia
"We tend to overestimate the effect of a technology in the short run and underestimate the effect in the long run."
forecasting  trends  laws  technology 
january 2017 by pierredv
How a Tech Powerhouse Was Born in the Middle of the Atlantic (Hello World: Episode 4) - YouTube
Published on Jun 27, 2016
On this episode of Hello World, we dive into Iceland’s tech scene, with a special focus on how the country’s land and history have shaped its innovations. We take a look at IceWind's new low-cost, super-durable wind turbines, rip across snowy volcanoes on steroidal vehicles built by Arctic Trucks, and go inside the universe of Eve Online.
Iceland  Bloomberg  video  technology  innovation 
september 2016 by pierredv
Revisiting the VCR’s Origins - IEEE Spectrum 1988/republished 2016
JVC and Sony transformed an ingenious concept pioneered by Ampex into a major industry

(The following article was published in IEEE Spectrum in a special anniversary issue in 1988)
Beta  VCR  VHS  technology  history  IEEE-Spectrum  JVS  Sony  standards 
august 2016 by pierredv
How textiles repeatedly revolutionised human technology - Virginia Postrel
" textiles are technology, more ancient than bronze and as contemporary as nanowires. We hairless apes co-evolved with our apparel. But, to reverse Arthur C Clarke’s adage, any sufficiently familiar technology is indistinguishable from nature." "The ancient Greeks worshiped Athena as the goddess of technē, the artifice of civilisation. She was the giver and protector of olive trees, of ships and of weaving (without which there would be no sails). When she and Odysseus scheme, they ‘weave a plan’. To weave is to devise, to invent – to contrive function and beauty from the simplest of elements." "David Orban proposed that his fellow Bitcoin evangelists adopt ‘weaving’ rather than ‘mining’ as their metaphor for the work of encoding and recording the public ledger of Bitcoin transactions. ‘Weavers,’ he wrote, ‘take the intertwined threads and through their expert, value-added activity create a strong fabric – which is exactly what the global distributed network of computers creating ..."
AeonMagazine  textiles  innovation  automation  technology  Athena  **  quotations 
march 2016 by pierredv
You could be wearing your alibi right now - life - 01 January 2015 - New Scientist
"a [android] smartphone running Alibi discreetly records an hour of location data and audio, as well as photographs of a person's surroundings. This data is constantly overwritten until a user elects to store the past hour's cache secretly on their device." - "apps like Cop Recorder and Police Tape, which send covert records of interactions with authority figures to a central server"
law  technology  wearables  NewScientist  policy  apps  surveillance 
april 2015 by pierredv
Is technology making us vulnerable? – Colin Dickey – Aeon
-- "Technology has rendered much of the natural world, to borrow a term from Edmund Burke and Immanuel Kant, sublime. For Kant, nature becomes sublime once it becomes ‘a power that has no dominion over us’; a scene of natural terror that, viewed safely, becomes an enjoyable, almost transcendental experience." - "Just as technology pacifies once-dangerous events, sometimes the needle swings in the other direction. Call it a reverse sublime, a return of the repressed: a thing that was once safe becomes dangerous." -- Quoting Henry Petroski from To Forgive Design (2012), "The creative and inherently human process of design, upon which all technological development depends, is in effect timeless. What this means, in part, is that the same cognitive mistakes that were made 3,000, 300, or 30 years ago can be made again today, and can be expected to be made indefinitely into the future. Failures are part of the technological condition."
technology  AeonMagazine  Colin-Dickey  CME  Coronal-Mass-Ejection  Carrington-Event  Henry-Petroski 
march 2015 by pierredv
Sign in to read: Red star rising: China's ascent to space superpower - space - 12 February 2014 - New Scientist
" The Pentagon recently acknowledged that the US military command in Africa now relies on a Chinese satellite for communications, reflecting the military's ever-larger appetite for bandwidth, which has surged in recent years as it relies increasingly on remotely operated drones and satellite radio communications." "But China's long and persistent march is not the only reason to believe the road map: the country also possesses at least two resources no other country can compete with. The first is people. [quarter million people working on space program] Another key to China's present and future success is the unique ability – granted by one-party rule – to stick to their plans longer than the political cycles of most Western governments. But perhaps the most important catalyst for Chinese innovation was being frozen out of international collaboration. "
China  space  technology  NewScientist  governance  Pentagon  DoD 
april 2014 by pierredv
Crystal radio: the solution to next-gen comms? :: CriticalComms
"Researchers from the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have joined with an international team to engineer and measure a potentially important new class of nanostructured materials for microwave and advanced communication devices. Based on NIST’s measurements, the new materials - a family of multilayered crystalline sandwiches - might enable a whole new class of compact, high-performance, high-efficiency components for devices such as mobile phones." "The new multilayer crystals are so-called ‘tunable dielectrics’, the heart of electronic devices that, for example, enable mobile phones to tune to a precise frequency, picking a unique signal out of the welter of possible ones."
RF  technology  filters  materials  tunable  dielectrics 
january 2014 by pierredv
2012 Internet Trends (Update) — Kleiner Perkins Caufield Byers
"This is an update to the 2012 Internet Trends report published in May 2012. It includes a new supplemental section focused on Asset-Light Generation and discusses new areas of re-imagination — from Data, Wallet, Education and Healthcare."
MaryMeeker  KPCB  statistics  technology  trends 
december 2012 by pierredv
Busted! The myth of technological progress - tech - 04 October 2012 - New Scientist
"The history of technology holds some salutary lessons for anyone who blithely believes there is a high-tech fix for all our 21st-century problems"
NewScientist  history  technology  progress 
december 2012 by pierredv
In Japan, fax machines find a final place to thrive - The Washington Post
"Japan’s continued fax devotion may be an endearing quirk, what with the country’s reputation as a high-tech playland, all bright lights and flawless trains and chirping micro-devices. But it may also represent a deeper sign of the nation’s inability to change and to accommodate global standards, even as it cedes economic ground to Asian rivals such as China and South Korea."
culture  technology  Japan  WashingtonPost 
june 2012 by pierredv
LTE TDD – The Global Solution for Unpaired Spectrum = Qualcomm
slide deck via Chuck Jackson
"LTE TDD has witnessed a strong support from the industry. Many major operators in China and India are planning trials. All major vendors have indicated their support for the technology as well. LTE TDD, just like LTE FDD, augments the data capacity of underlying 3G networks and their evolutions. LTE TDD leverages the large 3G ecosystem as well as the rapidly expanding LTE FDD traction. Qualcomm with its industry’s first 3G/LTE multimode chipsets that support both LTE FDD and LTE TDD, is in a unique position to help operators in their LTE deployments. With all these benefits, truly, LTE TDD is indeed the global choice for unpaired spectrum"
LTE  TDD  Qualcomm  spectrum  technology 
march 2012 by pierredv
A Faster Fast Fourier Transform - IEEE Spectrum March 2012
"The newest MIT algorithm, which is described in a soon-to-be-published paper, beats the traditional FFT so long as the number of frequency components present is a single-digit percentage of the number of samples you take of the signal. It works for any signal, but it works faster than the FFT only under those conditions"
science  technology  FFT  via:stevecrowley  maths 
march 2012 by pierredv
Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test
Abstract
We have shown experimentally, in a real-world setting, that it is possible to use two beams of incoherent radio waves, transmitted on the same frequency but encoded in two different orbital angular momentum states, to simultaneously transmit two independent radio channels. This novel radio technique allows the implementation of, in principle, an infinite number of channels in a given, fixed bandwidth, even without using polarization, multiport or dense coding techniques. This paves the way for innovative techniques in radio science and entirely new paradigms in radio communication protocols that might offer a solution to the problem of radio-band congestion.
wireless  technology  encoding  experiment  RF 
march 2012 by pierredv
Old Magazines - Man reshapes Nature
very politically incorrect: hydrogen bombs to trim mountains, divert hurricanes by burning fuel oil on the ocean...
technology  futures  ** 
december 2011 by pierredv
George Dyson | Evolution and Innovation - Information Is Cheap, Meaning Is Expensive | The European Magazine
"We now live in a world where information is potentially unlimited. Information is cheap, but meaning is expensive. Where is the meaning? Only human beings can tell you where it is. We’re extracting meaning from our minds and our own lives."
trends  history  technology  futures  interviews 
october 2011 by pierredv
Unmanned drone attacks and shape-shifting robots: War's remote-control future - CSMonitor.com
"Welcome to the battlefield of the future. Malleable robots. Insect-size air forces. Chemical tracers spritzed from the sky. It's the stuff of science fiction. But these are among the myriad futuristic war­fighting creations currently being developed at universities across the country with funds from the US military. And the future, in many cases, may not be too far off."
csmonitor  technology  warfare 
october 2011 by pierredv
Cameras get cleverer | The Economist Sep 2011
Consumer electronics: New approaches to photography treat it as a branch of computing as well as optics, making possible a range of new tricks
technology  imaging  photography  TheEconomist 
october 2011 by pierredv
Light Field camera | Lytro
Found via Economist story Sep 2011 http://www.economist.com/node/21527019 Based on ideas of light-field photography
technology  devices  via  Economist  imaging  photography 
october 2011 by pierredv
Out of control: How to live in an unfathomable world - tech - 17 May 2011 - New Scientist
Strapline: "We need to accept that the interactions of technology, society and nature are now beyond our understanding" Opinion piece by Braden Allenby and Daniel Sarewitz, based on their book "The Techo-Human Condition" Divide technologies into three levels, with increasing amounts of interconnection, Level I to Level III. Quote: "The world we are creating thus demands a transition from our almost paranoid societal obsession with Level I certainty and coherence to acceptance that Level III uncertainties and contradictions are the essence of the world we have already made. The question now is how to enable rational and ethical behaviour in a world too complex for applied rationality, how to make our ignorance an opportunity for continual learning and adjustment." They argue that most technology systems are now Level III, but we persist in believing we can manage them in terms of the determinism at Level I.
change  complexity  technology  NewScientist  opinion  books  *** 
may 2011 by pierredv
3D printing: The printed world | The Economist
"Three-dimensional printing from digital designs will transform manufacturing and allow more people to start making things"
manufacturing  technology  trends  TheEconomist 
february 2011 by pierredv
Ofcom | Study of Current and Future Receiver Performance
Report by TTP
"This study examines issues involved in improving the performance of radio receivers in consumer equipment such as TVs and cellular devices. The study focuses on the cost / performance trade-off to make a receiver less susceptible to interference from other frequency bands, based on technologies that can be envisaged over the next ten to twenty years."
ofcom  interference  receiver  technology  radio 
february 2011 by pierredv
Tomorrow’s Wireless World: Ofcom report on future communications technology - May 2008
Tomorrow’s Wireless World scans the horizon ten to twenty years in the future to discover potentially significant advances and new, innovative technologies which are being developed that could improve healthcare and transport provision.
ofcom  technology  trend  wireless  futures  press-release 
february 2011 by pierredv
Yi-Tan Technology Community
via Marc Smith orginally, and then Mike Nelson
trends  technology  podcasts 
december 2010 by pierredv
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