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pierredv : unintended-consequences   21

Pandora’s box | The Economist 13 Aug 2016 -- Recruitment and inequality
"Allowing ex-cons to hide their criminal histories increases racial inequality"
"Forcing job applicants to declare they have a criminal record—whether or not it is relevant to the post—allows employers to filter out ex-convicts, it is argued, and prevents them finding the sort of work that would help them stay out of prison. So activists across the world have called for “ban-the-box” laws, which prohibit employers from inquiring about criminal histories prior to job interviews or offers."
"As black people are more likely than whites to end up with criminal records—five times more likely in America—banning the box should help reduce bias, advocates say. But research suggests otherwise. Instead, such policies encourage racial stereotyping by employers that hinders minority groups from finding work."
"Research by other economists suggests the more information the better when it comes to giving minorities a leg up."
TheEconomist  regulation  unintended-consequences 
august 2016 by pierredv
Aliens versus predators: The toxic toad invasion - life - 25 April 2014 - New Scientist
"As the toads invaded Fogg Dam, Shine, who is based at the University of Sydney, got some of the first hard data on their impact. What he has found is that the Australian cane toad invasion is both far worse than anyone thought – and also not nearly as bad. The toads are spreading further and faster than anyone expected, and they do have a devastating impact when they first arrive in a region. But most animals are adapting to their presence surprisingly quickly, and some even benefit."
ecosystems  NewScientist  cane-toad  unintended-consequences 
june 2014 by pierredv
Speed Cam Contractor Responds To Challenged Tickets By Cropping Photos, Moving Cameras | Techdirt
"Its system in Florida now sports one of the shortest yellow lights in the country, just a shade above the absolute minimum. Decreasing a yellow light by a half-second can result in double the amount of tickets issued. Of course, it also increases the number of accidents, but that's hardly of concern to the red light cam contractor."
traffic  surveillance  unintended-consequences  evidence 
august 2013 by pierredv
BBC News - Is VAT suffering a mid-life crisis at 40?
"Value-added tax (VAT) is 40 years old on 1 April 2013. To mark the anniversary, VAT expert Colin Corder takes a look at some of the more bizarre rules surrounding VAT and asks if VAT legislation is in need of an overhaul."
BBC  unintended-consequences  ex  BBC  VAT  UK  taxes 
april 2013 by pierredv
Are Boeing's Battery Difficulties Part of a Much Bigger Problem? - IEEE Spectrum
"Seventy percent of the Dreamliner is preassembled by a tiered system of subcontractors that Boeing has never used before" Interview by Steven Cherry of Christopher Tang, author with Joshua Zimmerman of a rather prescient 2009 business journal article entitled “Managing New Product Development and Supply Chain Risks: The Boeing 787 Case.”
Boeing  manufacturing  aviation  unintended-consequences  IEEE-Spectrum 
march 2013 by pierredv
Buttonwood: Running out of options | The Economist July 30, 2011
Just like complexity everywhere - cf. fire suppression - trying to prevent problems from occurring at all makes the eventual conflagration all the greater "ECONOMIC policy in the developed world over the past 25 years has followed one overriding principle: the avoidance of recession at all costs. For much of this period monetary policy was the weapon of choice. When markets wobbled, central banks slashed interest rates. A by-product of this policy was a series of debt-financed asset bubbles." "A policy of avoiding small recessions has resulted in the biggest downturn since the 1930s"
complexity  unintended-consequences  economist  opinion  recession  quotations 
september 2011 by pierredv
An 'Economic Burden' Google Can No Longer Bear? - James Fallows - Technology - The Atlantic
"the way that over-use of automatic translation can make it harder for automatic translation ever to improve, and may even be making it worse"
google  language  translation  unintended-consequences 
june 2011 by pierredv
The laughing-gas menace and other science news | Good Morning Silicon Valley
"In trying to fix one problem, we managed to make another problem worse. Nitrogen and chlorine compounds counteract each other's effect on ozone to some degree, and with the CFCs being purged from the atmosphere, the nitrous oxide is 50 percent more damaging than it had been. That darned Law of Unintended Consequences"
x:gmsv  unintended-consequences  complexity  climate 
august 2009 by pierredv
Unintended consequences - Case of the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker
Freakonomics - Stephen J. Dubner - Steven D. Levitt also example of ADA and Jewish law
unintended-consequences  NYTimes 
january 2008 by pierredv
"The People are Scratching" - Purdue Extension Service
"The People are Scratching" by Ernie Marrs, Harold Martin, and Pete Seeger
Song about downstream consequences of poisoning pests
gardening  unintended-consequences 
november 2007 by pierredv
Product Puts Beekeepers, Lawn Growers at Odds - from Time Warner Cable
imidacloprid, used to control grubs in lawns and crops, may be causing bee hives to collapse across North America
unintended-consequences  ecosystems  complexity 
november 2007 by pierredv

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