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Ranking the U.S. Economy:  “New Normal” or Room for Improvement? | Global Policy Watch Jun 2019
"Recent reports find that 70 percent of all U.S. wealth is held by the top 10% of the population"

"the IMD Competitiveness Center reports that the U.S. has fallen from the first to the world’s third most competitive economy by its account, behind Singapore and Hong Kong."

"In the Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom, the U.S. is currently ranked 12th, and is characterized as “mostly free,” in part because trade freedom and fiscal health have measurably declined. "

"the U.S. is ranked eighth overall on the World Bank’s 2019 “Ease of Doing Business” indicators."

"the United States comes in 6th in the Global Innovation Index,"

"The U.S. ranked 23rd on PISA’s overall averages of math, science and reading scores in PISA’s most recent 2015 assessment. China ranked 10th."

... more, omitted

"What does come to light is that the United States has plenty of scope to improve its economic and social performance."
Covington  rankings  economics  US  competition  competitiveness  innovation 
june 2019 by pierredv
The Race Is On: Assessing the US-China Artificial Intelligence Competition - Modern War Institute Apr 2019
A revanchist Russia might be the scourge of the Western defense community, but Vladimir Putin has arguably issued the clearest articulation of AI’s massive potential: “Whoever becomes the leader in [AI] will become the ruler of the world.” But how do we assess who is leading?
AI  US  China  warfare 
april 2019 by pierredv
The deep roots of America’s rural-urban political divide - CSMonitor.com Dec 2018
"Perhaps the problem is that too many social and cultural aspects of personal identity are becoming aligned with politics and geography. Rural voters are predominantly white Christian Republicans. Urban voters tend to be minorities, or more-educated whites, and on the whole younger and Democratic."
CSMonitor  politics  US  culture  society 
april 2019 by pierredv
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency | US-CERT
On November 16, 2018, the President signed into law the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018. This Act elevates the mission of the former Department of Homeland Security (DHS) National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) and establishes the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). CISA is responsible for protecting the Nation's critical infrastructure from physical and cyber threats, a mission that requires effective coordination and collaboration among a broad spectrum of government and private sector organizations.
cybersecurity  US  USGovernment  legislation 
march 2019 by pierredv
In Way Too Little We Trust - Adam Garfinkle, The American Interest, Dec 2017
Via Pierre-Yves Saintoyant

"The essence of all this is that people who share common mazeways from having lived together and been socialized generation to generation can anticipate what others are up to, and the result is a network or web of reciprocal shared expectations."

"The ballast provided by social trust enables a relatively light-handed government to do for a collection of communities in a larger country only what they cannot readily do for themselves."

"... seven factors [my numbering]— [1] immigration-driven heterogeneity, [2] the decline of traditional religious mores and related informal norms, [3] technology-driven isolation, [4] the backwash of institutional dysfunction and elite dethronement, [5] the media-driven “mean world syndrome,” [6] family instability and breakdown, and [7] the excessive intrusiveness of the state"

"This suggests that, however the problem arose, the decline of social trust has taken on a downward-spiraling life of its own, generating not only a compounding lack of trust but also an ambient pessimism about the future. So we have not just a problem, but a problem set defined by these seven causal elements."

"If we are driven nearly berserk politically by current levels of labor displacement—and we are—we will clearly enter the domain of full-frontal social unsustainability if the challenge more than quadruples in a single generation. And yet at present there is absolutely zero prospect that the American political class will do anything about this. Some people are terrified about what a rising deficit could mean, but compared to the existential threat to social order posed by an automation-driven political economy derangement of this magnitude, the deficit problem, serious as it is, seems like no more than a bad hangnail."
TheAmericanInterest  trust  Society  politics  US 
december 2018 by pierredv
Large Majorities Dislike Political Correctness - The Atlantic Oct 2018
"On social media, the country seems to divide into two neat camps: Call them the woke and the resentful. "

"Reality is nothing like this. As scholars Stephen Hawkins, Daniel Yudkin, Miriam Juan-Torres, and Tim Dixon argue in a report published Wednesday, “Hidden Tribes: A Study of America’s Polarized Landscape,” most Americans don’t fit into either of these camps. They also share more common ground than the daily fights on social media might suggest—including a general aversion to PC culture."

"If you look at what Americans have to say on issues such as immigration, the extent of white privilege, and the prevalence of sexual harassment, the authors argue, seven distinct clusters emerge: progressive activists, traditional liberals, passive liberals, the politically disengaged, moderates, traditional conservatives, and devoted conservatives."

"According to the report, 25 percent of Americans are traditional or devoted conservatives, and their views are far outside the American mainstream. Some 8 percent of Americans are progressive activists, and their views are even less typical. By contrast, the two-thirds of Americans who don’t belong to either extreme constitute an “exhausted majority.” Their members “share a sense of fatigue with our polarized national conversation, a willingness to be flexible in their political viewpoints, and a lack of voice in the national conversation.”"

"Three quarters of African Americans oppose political correctness."

"If age and race do not predict support for political correctness, what does? Income and education. ... Political tribe—as defined by the authors—is an even better predictor of views on political correctness."

"The gap between the progressive perception and the reality of public views on this issue could do damage to the institutions that the woke elite collectively run. "

" As one 57- year-old woman in Mississippi fretted:

The way you have to term everything just right. And if you don’t term it right you discriminate them. It’s like everybody is going to be in the know of what people call themselves now and some of us just don’t know. But if you don’t know then there is something seriously wrong with you."
theAtlantic  US  politics  * 
october 2018 by pierredv
Congress must grow to check the administrative state - AEI Sep 2018
"The rise of the administrative state and the corresponding decline in power of the legislative branch is much lamented, often by political conservatives, and rightly so. The executive branch so dominates policymaking that Congress often stands by as major aspects of public policy get rewritten without any change to underlying law. The country’s founders wanted the people’s representatives in the House and Senate to serve as checks on an overly assertive executive branch. Congress’s persistent failure to properly fulfill this essential constitutional role in recent years is one reason the nation’s politics are out of balance."
AEI  opinion  governance  US  politics 
september 2018 by pierredv
Russ Roberts on the Information Revolution, Politics, Yeats, and Yelling – Econlib
via Phil Weiser

"EconTalk host Russ Roberts does a monologue on how political discourse seems to have deteriorated in recent years and the growth in outrage, tribalism, and intolerance for those with different views from one's own. Roberts suggests that part of the problem is the revolution of the market for information caused by the internet that allows people to customize what they see to fit their own political narratives and worldview. In short, the market for news works to make us feel good rather than to help us to discover the truth. The monologue closes with some suggestions for how we might improve the way we consume information and interact with those we disagree with."
podcasts  economics  politics  US 
september 2018 by pierredv
Microwave Weapons Are Prime Suspect in Ills of U.S. Embassy Workers - The New York Times
"The medical team that examined 21 affected diplomats from Cuba made no mention of microwaves in its detailed report published in JAMA in March. But Douglas H. Smith, the study’s lead author and director of the Center for Brain Injury and Repair at the University of Pennsylvania, said in a recent interview that microwaves were now considered a main suspect and that the team was increasingly sure the diplomats had suffered brain injury."

"Strikes with microwaves, some experts now argue, more plausibly explain reports of painful sounds, ills and traumas than do other possible culprits — sonic attacks, viral infections and contagious anxiety. In particular, a growing number of analysts cite an eerie phenomenon known as the Frey effect, named after Allan H. Frey, an American scientist. Long ago, he found that microwaves can trick the brain into perceiving what seem to be ordinary sounds. "
NYTimes  Cuba  US  microwaves 
september 2018 by pierredv
Most Americans Continue to Have Privacy and Security Concerns, NTIA Survey Finds | National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Aug 2018
"Nearly three-quarters of Internet-using households had significant concerns about online privacy and security risks in 2017, while a third said these worries caused them to hold back from some online activities. About 20 percent said they had experienced an online security breach, identity theft, or a similar crime during the past year.

However, the 2017 survey showed a decline in households reporting concerns and avoiding certain online activities compared with the 2015 survey, which first asked these questions."

"An analysis of the 2017 data reveals that the decrease in reported privacy and security concerns was driven in large part by a reduction in the number of households specifically naming identify theft as a concern. "
NTIA  privacy  US  trends 
august 2018 by pierredv
Hardly Anyone Wants to Admit America Is Beating Poverty - WSJ, Bruce D. Meyer and James X. Sullivan , Aug 2018
"poverty has declined significantly over the past 50 years, but neither side has recognized the major progress that has been made."

"Instead of focusing on reported incomes, our work measures poverty based on consumption: what food, housing, transportation and other goods and services people are able to purchase. This approach, which captures the effect of noncash programs and accounts for the known bias in the CPI-U, demonstrates clearly that there is much less material deprivation than there was decades ago. "
WSJ  opinion  poverty  US 
august 2018 by pierredv
Analysts: Space weapons proliferating, there is more congestion and competition - SpaceNews.com Apr 2018
"As more countries and commercial companies invest in space programs, it is becoming harder to tell the difference between peaceful research projects and potentially destructive weapons, warns a new study by the Secure World Foundation. And an accelerating arms race in space raises huge concerns for the United States."

"The foundation on Wednesday released the report, “Global Counterspace Capabilities: An Open Source Assessment.” Counterspace is an umbrella term for any technology that could be used to deceive, disrupt, deny, degrade or destroy space systems. Space weapons include direct-ascent, co-orbital, electronic warfare, directed energy and cyber."

"Like the United States, China has designated space as a military domain. Open source documents suggest China is pursuing “space superiority using offensive and defensive means.” It is still unclear whether China intends to deploy offensive space weapons in a future conflict or whether it has them as a deterrent against U.S. aggression."

"The report said cyberwarfare is a concern in space, but actual evidence of cyber attacks in the public domain is scant. "

"Researchers were not able to find open-source proof, however, that the United States has sufficient means to defend the GPS system if attacked. "
SpaceNews  SWF  space  warfare  counterspace  China  GPS  US  Russia 
april 2018 by pierredv
Elon Musk, SpaceX, and NASA: Who Gets to Own Outer Space? - The Ringer
Via Jeff Foust

"Right now, private companies and NASA have a nice, functional, symbiotic capitalist relationship. SpaceX and its competitors build and will soon operate the vehicles, while NASA pays for the service. But with Elon Musk’s eyes tilted toward Mars, that won’t last for long."

“For the rest of the world, they look at the United States and go, ‘Holy crap, look at the U.S. industrial base, which had multiple private space companies pop up out of nowhere,’” Dreier said. “That is a sign of a very healthy aerospace industry and workforce.”
quotations  space  US  commerce  innovation  SpaceX  NASA  Boeing  OrbitalATK  NewSpace 
january 2018 by pierredv
Amid Evangelical decline, growing split between young Christians and church elders - CSMonitor.com, Nov 2017
"... there are signs that many of the same trends that decimated mainline Protestantism over the past few decades are now at work among evangelical denominations as well. According to a massive study by the Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) released in September, the number of white evangelical Protestants fell from about 23 percent of the US population in 2006 to 17 percent in 2016."

"For Andrew Walker, the current “post-Christian” state of American culture has posed a serious challenge to the faithful. For a variety of reasons, fewer and fewer Americans now have a grasp of the fundamentals of orthodox, biblical teachings, ... he notes, too, the dramatic rise of the so-called “nones,” especially among the young, who may believe in God, but have begun to refuse to identify with a particular religious group."

"Perhaps more than anything else, conservative Christians ... have had to confront the shock of the country’s evolving sexual mores."

“They grew up in a nominal Christian culture, where it’s no longer of a cultural or social benefit to identify as a Christian,” he says. “To add to that is, there’s often not only no social prestige to gain, there’s also social prestige to lose, if you say you are a Christian in our society.”

Yet narratives of danger and decline also help to motivate the faithful, notes Glenn Bracey, professor of sociology at Villanova University in Pennsylvania. “White Evangelicals often describe themselves as culturally embattled, and that perspective often increases members’ commitment to their organizations and politics.”

"Yet precisely because of such efforts [to reassert the fundamentals of Christian orthodoxy and ratchet up their political efforts], younger conservative Christians like Chelsie Maynard have been conflicted about their religious identities, and many say they no longer want to be associated with the evangelical demographic."

"Some Evangelicals have called for another retreat from society... The Christian thinker Rod Dreher has proposed a “Benedict Option,” suggesting that Christians forgo politics and adopt a kind of monastic shield from society."

"For many Evangelicals, the Nashville Statement was simply an affirmation of Christianity’s historic moral teachings and a pastoral document to guide the faithful. But critics noted that the statement went beyond condemning homosexuality and transgender identity: It also condemned those who affirm them."
CSMonitor  religion  politics  US  * 
january 2018 by pierredv
Space industry takes prominent role in Trump’s national security strategy - SpaceNews.com Dec 2017
"In the 2017 National Security Strategy released Dec. 18, the president commits the U.S. government to partnering with private industry to explore space and defend U.S. assets there. The administration also promises to help defend private space systems from hostile attacks.
The strategy makes the promotion of space commerce a national security priority. In that vein, the administration intends to overhaul industry regulations to motivate companies to invest and innovate. “The United States will simplify and update regulations for commercial space activity to strengthen competitiveness,” says the document."
SpaceNews  space  US  strategy 
december 2017 by pierredv
[pdf] Scott Pace, “Space Development, Law, and Values”, Dec 2017
Dr. Scott Pace
Executive Secretary, National Space Council
Lunch Keynote “Space Development, Law, and Values”
IISL Galloway Space Law Symposium Cosmos Club, Washington, D.C.,
December 13, 2017
space  US  policy  speech 
december 2017 by pierredv
How to fix US politics? Maybe start by seeing it as an ‘industrial complex.’ - CSMonitor.com, Sep 2017
The political-industrial complex. Fascinating piece. Excerpts:

"The system is designed to deliver what it’s delivering. The challenge is that it’s not designed to deliver for citizens, for the public interest. Instead, our system has been designed and optimized over time to benefit the interests of our two political parties and all their associated industry allies."

"If you have two dominant competitors, the last thing they want to do is compete for the same customers. They’d rather divide up the customers, because then they can differentiate themselves. Their respective loyalists will then be very dedicated to support them and give money and vote."
CSMonitor  US  politics  interviews 
september 2017 by pierredv
47 U.S. Code § 301 - License for radio communication or transmission of energy | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
"It is the purpose of this chapter, among other things, to maintain the control of the United States over all the channels of radio transmission; and to provide for the use of such channels, but not the ownership thereof, by persons for limited periods of time, under licenses granted by Federal authority, and no such license shall be construed to create any right, beyond the terms, conditions, and periods of the license."
US  spectrum  legislation  ownership  property-rights  47USC  licensing  statute 
august 2017 by pierredv
Fate of US spectrum bills could rest with House of Representatives — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"Five spectrum-related measures are pending in Congress. Yet despite Senate interest in pushing what is generally seen as bipartisan legislation, there are questions about whether House Republicans will play ball."

"The bills are the Mobile Now Act (S.19); the Federal Spectrum Incentive Act of 2017 (H.R. 1888); the Rural Spectrum Accessibility Act (H.R. 1814); the Developing Innovation and Growing the Internet of Things Act (DIGIT) (S.88); and the newly introduced Advancing Innovation and Reinvigorating Widespread Access to Viable Electromagnetic Spectrum (AIRWAVES) Act (S.1682)."
PolicyTracker  legislation  US  Congress  spectrum 
august 2017 by pierredv
The Rise of Antifa - The Atlantic
The Rise of the Violent Left
Antifa’s activists say they’re battling burgeoning authoritarianism on the American right. Are they fueling it instead?
theAtlantic  US  politics  extremism 
august 2017 by pierredv
US "spectrum pipeline" needed to fuel future wireless services — PolicyTracker - Apr 2017
Notice of House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Communications and Technology hearing
Metaphor: "spectrum pipeline"

"Satellites, like terrestrial wireless systems, can increase capacity by accessing additional spectrum but Congress and the FCC must "follow the long-established principle of technological neutrality," EchoStar Senior Vice President, Regulatory Affairs, Jennifer Manner said."
PolicyTracker  US  spectrum  Ruckus  satellite  EchoStar 
april 2017 by pierredv
Grudges and kludges: Too much federal regulation has piled up in America | The Economist March 2017
"Regulation can also impede innovation in ways that are hard to foresee. In 1973 the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), worried about loud sonic booms, banned civil aircraft from flying at supersonic speeds above America. But planes are now lighter, more aerodynamic, and contain more efficient engines, explains Eli Dourado of Mercatus. That makes them quieter. With start-ups trying to build commercially viable supersonic jets, Mr Dourado thinks the FAA should replace the ban with a maximum permissible noise level. "
US  regulation  TheEconomist  aviation 
march 2017 by pierredv
What We Know About the Border - On The Media Blog - WNYC
"The Trump administration's so-called "Muslim ban" has created chaos and confusion at airports around the country, but horror stories at the border go back much further than this year. In 2014, we devoted an hour to trying to shred the veil of secrecy obscuring Customs and Border Protection, the huge police force tasked with guarding our borders. We discovered a lack of basic rights and accountability, along with countless stories of dehumanizing detentions and intrusions that thrive within a massive legal grey area."
OnTheMedia  WNYC  US  Government  media  podcasts 
february 2017 by pierredv
In Venezuela, we couldn’t stop Chávez. Don’t make the same mistakes we did. - The Washington Post
here is some advice on how to avoid Venezuela’s mistakes.

Don’t forget who the enemy is. . . What makes you the enemy? It’s very simple to a populist: If you’re not a victim, you’re a culprit.

Show no contempt.
Don’t feed polarization, disarm it. This means leaving the theater of injured decency behind.

Don’t try to force him out.
... Look, opponents were desperate. We were right to be. But a hissy fit is not a strategy.

Find a counterargument. (No, not the one you think.)
. . . Your challenge is to prove that you belong in the same tribe as them — that you are American in exactly the same way they are.
Venezuela  US  politics  populism  opinion 
february 2017 by pierredv
Database on Ideology, Money in Politics, and Elections (DIME) | SSDS Social Science Data Collection
Abstract:
The Database on Ideology, Money in Politics, and Elections (DIME) is intended as a general resource for the study of campaign finance and ideology in American politics. The database was developed as part of the project on Ideology in the Political Marketplace, which is an on-going effort to conduct a comprehensive ideological mapping of political elites, interest groups, and donors using the common-space CFscore scaling methodology (Bonica 2013). Constructing the database required a large-scale effort to compile, clean, and process data on contribution records, candidate characteristics, and election outcomes from various sources. The resulting database contains over 100 million political contributions made by individuals and organizations to local, state, and federal elections spanning a period from 1979 to 2012. A corresponding database of candidates and committees provides additional information on state and federal elections.
lobbying  ideology  politics  US  Stanford 
january 2017 by pierredv
Mapping the Ideological Marketplace - Bonica - 2013 - American Journal of Political Science - Wiley Online Library
Abstract:
I develop a method to measure the ideology of candidates and contributors using campaign finance data. Combined with a data set of over 100 million contribution records from state and federal elections, the method estimates ideal points for an expansive range of political actors. The common pool of contributors who give across institutions and levels of politics makes it possible to recover a unified set of ideological measures for members of Congress, the president and executive branch, state legislators, governors, and other state officials, as well as the interest groups and individuals who make political donations. Since candidates fundraise regardless of incumbency status, the method estimates ideal points for both incumbents and nonincumbents. After establishing measure validity and addressing issues concerning strategic behavior, I present results for a variety of political actors and discuss several promising avenues of research made possible by the new measures.
politics  ideology  lobbying  US  bias 
january 2017 by pierredv
The Political Ideologies of American Lawyers [pdf]
"We
use a new dataset that links the largest database of political ideology with the largest
database of lawyers’ identities to complete the most extensive analysis of the political
ideology of American lawyers ever conducted."
law  ideology  US 
january 2017 by pierredv
In the Heart of Trump Country - The New Yorker - Oct 2016
"Another important factor is immigration, but not for economic reasons. In West Virginia, there are practically no immigrants. But Trump has promoted the idea that someone who cares about the fate of people new to the country must care less about those who have been here longer—and this idea resonates among people who believe that the rest of the country doesn’t care about them at all, and doesn’t see them as kin. "

"Many people talk about a connection to the ground itself. West Virginia doesn’t look quite like any other place—hardly any flat land, because the densely wooded hills are crushed so close together there’s barely room for a road between them—and its confining closeness forms a kind of physical bond between people who find it familiar. "

"When Clinton talks about her family and her childhood, she describes a sense of deep rootedness in mainstream America. Obama, with his complicated background, doesn’t take roots for granted. ... Perhaps this is why Obama makes a point of saying that he understands that the desire for borders is not always, or only, racism but also a desire to belong to a group of people that is smaller and less cosmic than all mankind: in other words, to have a home. "

"After the old people died, he visited their graves, and he also visited the graves of the grandparents and the great-grandparents they had described to him. Some of these older graves were in small family cemeteries that were brambly and overgrown, because the people there had died so long ago that nobody remembered them, or if anyone did they were too old to climb up the mountain anymore. Many of those buried didn’t have proper headstones, only rocks with initials carved in them. He felt that the least he could do for the people whose stories meant so much to him was to care for their graves, so some days he would take tools and hike up to one of the half-hidden cemeteries and cut back the grass and the weeds, and straighten a headstone if there was one and it had fallen over, and leave flowers on the mounds. He liked doing it. It was peaceful there. "
NewYorker  geography  US  stories  people  politics 
october 2016 by pierredv
What it means to grow up hungry in South Jersey - Press of Atlantic City: Growing Up Hungry
"The median household income for families in Galloway is $63,444, more than triple the income of a family of three living at the poverty level, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. But every afternoon, children ride their bikes, walk a couple miles under the hot summer sun or go with their parents to the park on Wrangleboro Road, where they sit at picnic tables and eat free lunches provided by a township nonprofit that helps feed children in the summer."
hunger  US 
august 2016 by pierredv
2016 President – Winner – PredictWise
"Key data on this page includes: Prediction Markets (Betfair, PredictIt, Hypermind), Polling (HuffPost Pollster), Bookie (OddsChecker). Click here for details of the data collection and aggregation process. "
US  elections  tracking 
march 2016 by pierredv
The Governing Cancer of Our Time - The New York Times
As Bernard Crick wrote in his book, “In Defence of Politics,” “Politics is a way of ruling divided societies without undue violence.” "And in walks Donald Trump. People say that Trump is an unconventional candidate and that he represents a break from politics as usual. That’s not true. Trump is the culmination of the trends we have been seeing for the last 30 years: the desire for outsiders; the bashing style of rhetoric that makes conversation impossible; the decline of coherent political parties; the declining importance of policy; the tendency to fight cultural battles and identity wars through political means."
politics  us  David-Brooks  NYTimes 
february 2016 by pierredv
AEI: Trump’s America -- Charles-Murray
If you are dismayed by Trumpism, don’t kid yourself that it will fade away if Donald Trump fails to win the Republican nomination. Trumpism is an expression of the legitimate anger that many Americans feel about the course that the country has taken, and its appearance was predictable. It is the endgame of a process that has been going on for a half-century: America’s divestment of its historic national identity.
Charles-Murray  AEI  US  politics  class  elections 
february 2016 by pierredv
Technical Assistance by Federal Agencies in the Legislative Process | Administrative Conference of the United States - ACUS April 2015
"This project will study the role of federal agencies in providing technical assistance to Congress in statutory drafting. Using a case study methodology, the study will examine the various organizational models for agency involvement in providing technical statutory drafting assistance to Congress and identify best practices. The study will also consider various organizational models for intra-agency coordination of legislative and regulatory affairs and highlight best practices. Surprisingly little attention has been directed to the role of federal agencies in the legislative process and how agencies leverage the knowledge acquired through that experience in their regulatory efforts (and vice versa). The study is an opportunity to explore these issues, describe the different agency structures in place across the federal administrative state, and identify and recommend best practices, structures, and procedures that agencies should use to improve and integrate their ..."
ACUS  government  us  regulation  law  RFC  FCC 
april 2015 by pierredv
How one small Midwest town has turned immigration into positive change - CSMonitor.com
"In parts of the Midwest, floods of immigrants are reshaping the culture. The influx is presenting challenges, but some towns have made strides toward striking a balance between old and new."
CSMonitor  immigration  Latino  culture  Iowa  US  politics 
march 2015 by pierredv
‘A Most Imperfect Union,’ a retelling of U.S. history by Ilan Stavans and Lalo Alcaraz - The Washington Post
-- “Enough with the dead white men!” So goes the opening salvo from a Mexican-born Jewish immigrant and a California cartoonist of Latino descent in “A Most Imperfect Union: A Contrarian History of the United States.” This illustrated reexamination of a continent’s “conquering” aims to turn schoolhouse narratives into academic-canon fodder. Just in time for Independence Day, Amherst College professor Ilan Stavans and “La Cucaracha” comic creator Lalo Alcaraz have come to make a statement against the republic’s accepted pale-male tales by intellectually dumping all those dog-eared capital-T Textbooks into our national waters. Their new battle cry: Out with the old; in with the red, nonwhite and blue. --
WashingtonPost  history  US  cartoons  cartoon 
february 2015 by pierredv
Ending Tyranny - The American Interest - John Lewis Gaddis 2008
outstanding article, which analyses the Bush doctrine (and in passing, Bush's interest in history), talks about Isaiah Berlin's positive and negative liberty, and concludes that "future presidents should regard Bush’s second Inaugural as signaling a shift from promoting democracy to ending tyranny" -- Criteria: unilateral; but based upon a realistic calculation of power within the international system; looks back to the Founders -- "Spreading democracy suggests knowing the answer to how people should live their lives. Ending tyranny suggests freeing them to find their own answers. The Oxford philosopher Isaiah Berlin best explained this distinction half a century ago in his great essay “Two Concepts of Liberty.”"
politics  history  ***  TheAmericanInterest  Isaiah-Berlin  John-Lewis-Gaddis  US 
february 2015 by pierredv
Why Is America Dotted with Giant, Concrete Arrows? - CityLab
"These old air-mail beacons are visible all over the land (if you know where to look)."
aviation  mapping  navigation  US 
february 2015 by pierredv
The Birth of the Administrative State: Where It Came From and What It Means for Limited Government
Critique of the administrative state by arguing it erodes the Constitution. Based on extensive quotes of Wilson and Goodnow, i.e. the Progressive Era. Doesn't address the New Deal.
Heritage-foundation  adminstrative-law  law  history  US  *  politics 
february 2015 by pierredv
America’s bureaucracy: Sins of commissions | The Economist aug 2014
Review of Philip Hamburger's new book "Is Administrative Law Unlawful?" The first large federal breach in the tripartite legal system came with the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission ... That this approach would come at a cost was no secret. [Woodrow] Wilson worried that Prussian-style administration could “suffocate” America’s dynamism. Another supporter, Roscoe Pound, the highly influential dean of Harvard Law School, wrote in 1920 that the “genius of administrative action through commissions endangers the doctrine of the supremacy of law.” He was prescient. Many federal agencies now have the power to create, adjudicate and execute what are in effect laws, but are not actually the creation of Congress or the courts. “Americans”, Mr Hamburger writes, “must live under a dual system of government, one part established by the Constitution, and another circumventing it.”
US  government  regulation  agencies  books  TheEconomist  Philip.Hamburger 
august 2014 by pierredv
Why Student Loan Rhetoric Doesn’t Match the Facts | Brookings Institution July 2014
Argues that hysteria is driven by "high-income households hold a disproportionate share of education debt. Might the recent surge in attention paid to student loans stem in part from increases in debt among affluent households" "The hysteria surrounding much of the public discussion around student loan debt does not have a strong basis in reality. " "the typical household with debt is no worse off today than a generation ago, with increases in lifetime earnings more than offsetting increases in debt, and monthly payment burdens kept manageable by longer repayment periods."
Brookings  debt  student-loans  US 
july 2014 by pierredv
Whither US entrepreneurs? Why a key engine of economic growth is sputtering. - CSMonitor.com
"Brookings Institution report drawing on US Census data: Businesses less than a year old accounted for only about 8 percent of all US firms in 2011, down from nearly 15 percent in 1978." http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2014/05/declining-business-dynamism-litan
entrepreneurship  innovation  US  CSMonitor  Brookings 
june 2014 by pierredv
Washington's Sleeping Sickness - Foreign Policy May 2014
Dispiriting assessment of US inability to address existential challenges - not least because the only remedy proposed is "courage". The problem is not partisanship, but inertia. Two causes: "money is speech", and "superpower smugness". Re Brimley & Scharre's proposal to reboot the US military: "Yet the one thing that we know about this idea is that it's never going to happen. That is because it would require the kind of far-reaching change that the government is terrible at achieving. It would involve confronting moneyed, entrenched interests in the private sector as well as the Pentagon, which kills ideas that threaten its core programs more efficiently than it does any foreign enemy." "In Washington, however, strength lies with the opponents rather than the proponents of change." "Washington's debilitating strain of sleeping sickness [regarding the military] affects other parts of the government too. Indeed, the political system hates action more than nature abhors a vacuum. "
Foreign  Policy  David  Rothkopf  comment  opinion  US  government  Congress 
june 2014 by pierredv
CRFS deploys RFeye sensor network at a major U.S. Army test site – May 2014
"CRFS, the world’s leading provider of distributed RF spectrum monitoring and surveillance systems under its RFeye® brand, has today announced the successful deployment of a spectrum monitoring and radio geolocation network at a major U.S. Army test site. The fully integrated system consists of a number of fixed RFeye Direction Finding Arrays and TDOA-capable RFeye Nodes. These are distributed over large areas and networked to provide continuous 24/7 real-time site monitoring together with rapid radio location of potential interference or threat sources at this high-level secure site. In addition, the system provides full data logging and recording capability for post-analysis as well as intelligence on spectrum usage, occupancy and efficiency, for use with other military systems."
CRFS  press-release  DoD  US  Army  RFEye 
may 2014 by pierredv
How the American people would fix Social Security - CSMonitor.com
"The process they went through simulates the one a policymaker goes through. (Try this "policy simulation" yourself at vop.org/consultations.)"
US  politics  CSMonitor  social-security  simulation  policymaking  policy 
april 2014 by pierredv
Old Mexico lives on | The Economist Feb 2014
"On February 2nd 1848, following a short and one-sided war, Mexico agreed to cede more than half its territory to the United States. An area covering most of present-day Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah, plus parts of several other states, was handed over to gringolandia. The rebellious state of Tejas, which had declared its independence from Mexico in 1836, was recognised as American soil too. But a century and a half later, communities have proved more durable than borders. The counties with the highest concentration of Mexicans (as defined by ethnicity, rather than citizenship) overlap closely with the area that belonged to Mexico before the great gringo land-grab of 1848. Some are recent arrivals; others trace their roots to long before the map was redrawn. They didn’t jump the border—it jumped them."
identity  mexico  US  geograonophy  ethnicity  history  TheEconomist  maps 
february 2014 by pierredv
Could AIP be applied to US public sector spectrum?
Martin Cave question whether AIP as proposed by Brent Skorup could work
AIP  US  Martin  Cave  Brent  Skorup  PolicyTracker 
january 2014 by pierredv
Republican Party Favorability Sinks to Record Low - Oct 2013
Republican Party Favorability Sinks to Record Low Falls 10 percentage points from September's 38%
politics  Gallup  US  Republican  Party  polls 
october 2013 by pierredv
General Principles | Burners.Me Burning Man commentary blog
essay starts slow, about Wesley Clark at Burning Man, but becomes a fascinating meditation on how much generals hate war
history  US  Lee  capitalism  Sherman  essays  BurningMan  war 
september 2013 by pierredv
Cost of Dementia Tops $157 Billion Annually in the United States | RAND
"Dementia costs the United States more each year than either cancer or heart disease, according to a new RAND study. More than 14 percent of Americans older than 70 suffer from dementia—which includes Alzheimer's disease and other disorders—and each year, the condition costs the country between $157 billion and $215 billion. That cost could double by 2040 if the prevalence rate remains the same. "Our findings underscore the urgency of recent federal efforts to develop a coordinated plan to address the growing impact of dementia on American society," says the study's lead author, Michael Hurd"
US  dementia  RAND  health  cost  aging  healthcare 
april 2013 by pierredv
Spectrum Supportability Risk Assessments - interferencetechnology.com Mar 2013
"Early consideration of spectrum supportability in spectrum dependent (S-D) system acquisitions is a fundamental criterion that must be satisfied before the DoD develops and fields communications-electronics (CE) equipment and related weapons systems.  Development or acquisition of systems that meet operational requirements, but fail to obtain spectrum supportability, means those systems will not be allowed to operate in the United States or in host nations. These systems create a potential for severe mutual interference between themselves and other spectrum users, squander resources, and delay fielding warfighting capabilities to field units. “Spectrum Supportability” is defined as the assessment as to whether the electromagnetic spectrum necessary to support equipment is available for use by the system.  The assessment requires, at a minimum, receipt of equipment spectrum certification, reasonable assurance of the availability of sufficient frequencies for operation from host nati..
risk  US  spectrum  interference  DoD 
march 2013 by pierredv
Workers Saving Too Little to Retire - WSJ.com Mar 2013
"Fifty-seven percent of U.S. workers surveyed reported less than $25,000 in total household savings and investments excluding their homes"
US  retirement  WSJ  savings 
march 2013 by pierredv
National Archives: Searching for the Seventies - The Big Picture - Boston.com
“Searching for the Seventies” takes a new look at the 1970s using remarkable color photographs taken for a Federal photography project called Project DOCUMERICA (1971-1977).
history  via  GMSV  US  archives  Seventies  photography 
march 2013 by pierredv
Welfare State - By Rosa Brooks | Foreign Policy Jul 2012
"The generous benefits we give our military reflect the increasingly reflexive esteem in which we hold the armed forces. Despite (or because of) the dwindling number of Americans who serve or have a close relative who serves, support for the military has become America's civil religion. "
socialism  US  budget  spending  military  DoD  Foreign  Policy 
july 2012 by pierredv
US prison inmates returning to society: How will they be received? - CSMonitor.com May 2012
p1 "These days roughly 700,000 ex-cons are hitting US streets each year" p. 2 "From 1973 to 2009, the US prison population grew by more than 700 percent – the result of an uptick in crime, huge numbers of drug arrests, and tough sentencing laws. At the end of that time more than 1.6 million people sat behind bars in federal and state penitentiaries, the largest inmate population in the world. Yet in 2010, for the first time in 38 years, the US prison population declined." p. 4 "A recent study by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) found that about two-thirds of former inmates return to prison within three years. This doesn't mean they all commit serious crimes. The biggest group of them – 45 percent – return because of simple parole violations."
prison  US  CSMonitor  justice 
may 2012 by pierredv
United States Army Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center (or CERDEC) is the United States Army information technologies and integrated systems center
US  Army  spectrum  research 
january 2012 by pierredv
The growing US jobs challenge - McKinsey June 2011
"It could take more than five years—longer than after any postwar downturn—to replace the millions of jobs lost to the 2008–09 recession. "
us  employment  economy  growth  x:mckinsey 
june 2011 by pierredv
US losing its technological edge? No! - CSMonitor.com
Strp: "There's plenty of room for improvement. But contrary to the rhetoric, the US has plenty of technical workers and American students have not slipped in science, math over the past 15 years, studies show."
csmonitor  us  education  STEM 
june 2011 by pierredv
Most U.S. youths unfit to serve, data show - Army News | News from Afghanistan & Iraq - Army Times
Includes cite to Mission:Readiness report http://www.missionreadiness.org/PAEE0609.pdf

biggest reason is physical/medical; e.g. obesity increased from 6% to 23% among 18-34 y/o between 1987 and 2008
us  military  health  security  factoids 
december 2010 by pierredv
How Lincoln Undid the Union - NYTimes.com
Lincoln was disingenous about slavery: he contended in public that he was trying to save the Union, but in private he was urging opposition to pro-slavery compromises even at the price of Union
US  history  slavery  opinion  NYTimes  politics 
december 2010 by pierredv
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