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robertogreco : davidfriedman   6

Rethinking the Idea of a Basic Income for All - NYTimes.com
"The recent debate was kicked off in an April 30, 2012, post, by Jessica M. Flanigan of the University of Richmond, who said all libertarians should support a universal basic income on the grounds of social justice. Professor Flanigan, a self-described anarchist, opposes a system of property rights “that causes innocent people to starve.”

She cited a paper by the philosopher Matt Zwolinski of the University of San Diego in the December 2011 issue of the journal Basic Income Studies, which also contained other papers by libertarians supporting the basic income concept. While acknowledging that most libertarians would reject explicit redistribution of income, he pointed to several libertarians, including the economists F.A. Hayek and Milton Friedman, who favored the idea of a basic universal income.

Friedman’s argument appeared in his 1962 book, “Capitalism and Freedom,” based on lectures given in 1956, and was called a negative income tax. His view was that the concept of progressivity ought to work in both directions and would be based on the existing tax code. Thus if the standard deduction and personal exemption exceeded one’s gross income, one would receive a subsidy equal to what would have been paid if one had comparable positive taxable income."



the economist F.A. Hayek endorsed a universal basic income in Volume 3 of his book, “Law, Legislation and Liberty”:
The assurance of a certain minimum income for everyone, or a sort of floor below which nobody need fall even when he is unable to provide for himself, appears not only to be a wholly legitimate protection against a risk common to all, but a necessary part of the Great Society in which the individual no longer has specific claims on the members of the particular small group into which he was born.



"Most recently, Matthew Feeney of Reason, the libertarian magazine, wrote favorably about the Swiss proposal in a Nov. 26 post. As a complete replacement for the existing welfare system, he thought it had merit and might even save money. He was especially critical of the paternalism of the current welfare system and the denial of autonomy to those living in poverty.

“Instead of treating those who, often through no fault of their own, have fallen on hard times, like children who are incapable of making the right choices about the food they eat or the drugs they may or may not choose to take, why not just give them cash?” Mr. Feeney asked."
universalbasicincome  inequality  politics  2013  brucebartlett  income  policy  economics  hayek  miltonfriedman  mattzwolinski  us  switzerland  thomaspaine  davidfriedman  meganmcardle  matthewfeeney  charlesmurray  ubi 
december 2013 by robertogreco
Ideas: Salt, Fish Oil, and the Implications of Optimization
"There is a longstanding argument for reducing the amount of salt modern Americans consume, based on evidence that a high salt diet tends to produce high blood pressure. A recent European statistical study, however, reported just the opposite of what that argument suggests—evidence that lower salt intake was correlated w/ an increased risk of death from heart disease. Similarly, there is evidence that an increased consumption of omega 3 oils reduces risk of heart attacks. But it has recently been reported that it also increases the risk of the more serious form of prostate cancer.

…we ought not to be surprised by results such as the 2 I just discussed. The fact that some change produces a gain in 1 measurable dimension that matters to us is very poor evidence that it produces an overall gain. Before altering behavior or diet, 1 ought to look for evidence of net effects on life expectancy or other reasonably final goals, not merely for desirable effects on one input thereto."
davidfriedman  tradeoffs  health  humans  life  systems  systemsthinking  complexsystems  2011  diet  balance 
may 2011 by robertogreco
Male Libertarian Americans In the Computer Industry | Beyond The Beyond
"Remember those high exit costs? Friedman wondered: What if you could just move—not just you, but everything you own, including your home, and, if your neighbors agreed with you, your whole community? What if you could move all of it where no government would bother you at all, and you could make a new, better society? (((Wait a sec -- I think all of that has already been dematerialized and stuffed into my laptop here.))) Friedman called his theory “dynamic geography.” He remembered a line from his dad’s book The Machinery of Freedom about how differently terrestrial government would behave if everyone lived in trailers. ... In the past, such thoughts led many libertarians to dream of space colonization. But you don’t need to leave the planet, Friedman reasoned; just make “land” that can float on the ocean.

And so Friedman is no longer with Google. (((Gotta be their loss!))) He is president of something called the Seasteading Institute."
patrifriedman  miltonfriedman  davidfriedman  libertarianism  brucesterling  geography  seasteading  economics  government  mobility  nomads  neo-nomads 
june 2009 by robertogreco
Ideas: The Case for Unschooling
"There is a very short list of skills–reading, writing or typing, and simple arithmetic are the only ones that occur to me–that almost everyone will find worth learning. Beyond that, education involves learning things, but not any particular things."
schooling  unschooling  homeschool  education  learning  parenting  schools  children  davidfriedman 
march 2008 by robertogreco
Ideas: Home Unschooling: Theory
"Two people commenting on my previous post expressed curiosity as to how we have educated our children. I've decided to do it in two parts. This post describes the arguments for our approach, the next our experience with it."
education  learning  unschooling  homeschool  society  children  schools  literacy  information  knowledge  davidfriedman  libertarianism 
december 2007 by robertogreco

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