**robertogreco : leibniz**
4

The Humane Representation of Thought on Vimeo

march 2015 by robertogreco

"Closing keynote at the UIST and SPLASH conferences, October 2014.

Preface: http://worrydream.com/TheHumaneRepresentationOfThought/note.html

References to baby-steps towards some of the concepts mentioned:

Dynamic reality (physical responsiveness):

- The primary work here is Hiroshi Ishii's "Radical Atoms": http://tangible.media.mit.edu/project/inform/

- but also relevant are the "Soft Robotics" projects at Harvard: http://softroboticstoolkit.com

- and at Otherlab: http://youtube.com/watch?v=gyMowPAJwqo

- and some of the more avant-garde corners of material science and 3D printing

Dynamic conversations and presentations:

- Ken Perlin's "Chalktalk" changes daily; here's a recent demo: http://bit.ly/1x5eCOX

Context-sensitive reading material:

- http://worrydream.com/MagicInk/

"Explore-the-model" reading material:

- http://worrydream.com/ExplorableExplanations/

- http://worrydream.com/LadderOfAbstraction/

- http://ncase.me/polygons/

- http://redblobgames.com/pathfinding/a-star/introduction.html

- http://earthprimer.com/

Evidence-backed models:

- http://worrydream.com/TenBrighterIdeas/

Direct-manipulation dynamic authoring:

- http://worrydream.com/StopDrawingDeadFish/

- http://worrydream.com/DrawingDynamicVisualizationsTalk/

- http://tobyschachman.com/Shadershop/

Modes of understanding:

- Jerome Bruner: http://amazon.com/dp/0674897013

- Howard Gardner: http://amazon.com/dp/0465024335

- Kieran Egan: http://amazon.com/dp/0226190390

Embodied thinking:

- Edwin Hutchins: http://amazon.com/dp/0262581469

- Andy Clark: http://amazon.com/dp/0262531569

- George Lakoff: http://amazon.com/dp/0465037712

- JJ Gibson: http://amazon.com/dp/0898599598

- among others: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embodied_cognition

I don't know what this is all about:

- http://worrydream.com/ABriefRantOnTheFutureOfInteractionDesign/

- http://worrydream.com/ABriefRantOnTheFutureOfInteractionDesign/responses.html

---

Abstract:

New representations of thought — written language, mathematical notation, information graphics, etc — have been responsible for some of the most significant leaps in the progress of civilization, by expanding humanity’s collectively-thinkable territory.

But at debilitating cost. These representations, having been invented for static media such as paper, tap into a small subset of human capabilities and neglect the rest. Knowledge work means sitting at a desk, interpreting and manipulating symbols. The human body is reduced to an eye staring at tiny rectangles and fingers on a pen or keyboard.

Like any severely unbalanced way of living, this is crippling to mind and body. But it is also enormously wasteful of the vast human potential. Human beings naturally have many powerful modes of thinking and understanding.

Most are incompatible with static media. In a culture that has contorted itself around the limitations of marks on paper, these modes are undeveloped, unrecognized, or scorned.

We are now seeing the start of a dynamic medium. To a large extent, people today are using this medium merely to emulate and extend static representations from the era of paper, and to further constrain the ways in which the human body can interact with external representations of thought.

But the dynamic medium offers the opportunity to deliberately invent a humane and empowering form of knowledge work. We can design dynamic representations which draw on the entire range of human capabilities — all senses, all forms of movement, all forms of understanding — instead of straining a few and atrophying the rest.

This talk suggests how each of the human activities in which thought is externalized (conversing, presenting, reading, writing, etc) can be redesigned around such representations.

---

Art by David Hellman.

Bret Victor -- http://worrydream.com "

[Some notes from Boris Anthony:

"Those of you who know my "book hack", Bret talks about exactly what motivates my explorations starting at 20:45 in https://vimeo.com/115154289 "

https://twitter.com/Bopuc/status/574339495274876928

"From a different angle, btwn 20:00-29:00 Bret explains how "IoT" is totally changing everything

https://vimeo.com/115154289

@timoreilly @moia"

https://twitter.com/Bopuc/status/574341875836043265 ]

bretvictor
towatch
interactiondesign
davidhellman
hiroshiishii
softrobotics
robots
robotics
kenperlin
jeromebruner
howardgardner
kieranegan
edwinhutchins
andyclark
jjgibson
embodiedcognition
cognition
writing
math
mathematics
infographic
visualization
communication
graphics
graphicdesign
design
representation
humans
understanding
howwelearn
howwethink
media
digital
dynamism
movement
conversation
presentation
reading
howweread
howwewrite
chalktalk
otherlab
3dprinting
3d
materials
physical
tangibility
depth
learning
canon
ui
informationdesign
infographics
maps
mapping
data
thinking
thoughts
numbers
algebra
arithmetic
notation
williamplayfair
cartography
gestures
placevalue
periodictable
michaelfaraday
jamesclerkmaxell
ideas
print
printing
leibniz
humanism
humanerepresentation
icons
visual
aural
kinesthetic
spatial
tactile
symbols
iot
internetofthings
programming
computers
screens
computation
computing
coding
modeling
exploration
via:robertogreco
reasoning
rhetoric
gerrysussman
environments
scale
virtualization
Preface: http://worrydream.com/TheHumaneRepresentationOfThought/note.html

References to baby-steps towards some of the concepts mentioned:

Dynamic reality (physical responsiveness):

- The primary work here is Hiroshi Ishii's "Radical Atoms": http://tangible.media.mit.edu/project/inform/

- but also relevant are the "Soft Robotics" projects at Harvard: http://softroboticstoolkit.com

- and at Otherlab: http://youtube.com/watch?v=gyMowPAJwqo

- and some of the more avant-garde corners of material science and 3D printing

Dynamic conversations and presentations:

- Ken Perlin's "Chalktalk" changes daily; here's a recent demo: http://bit.ly/1x5eCOX

Context-sensitive reading material:

- http://worrydream.com/MagicInk/

"Explore-the-model" reading material:

- http://worrydream.com/ExplorableExplanations/

- http://worrydream.com/LadderOfAbstraction/

- http://ncase.me/polygons/

- http://redblobgames.com/pathfinding/a-star/introduction.html

- http://earthprimer.com/

Evidence-backed models:

- http://worrydream.com/TenBrighterIdeas/

Direct-manipulation dynamic authoring:

- http://worrydream.com/StopDrawingDeadFish/

- http://worrydream.com/DrawingDynamicVisualizationsTalk/

- http://tobyschachman.com/Shadershop/

Modes of understanding:

- Jerome Bruner: http://amazon.com/dp/0674897013

- Howard Gardner: http://amazon.com/dp/0465024335

- Kieran Egan: http://amazon.com/dp/0226190390

Embodied thinking:

- Edwin Hutchins: http://amazon.com/dp/0262581469

- Andy Clark: http://amazon.com/dp/0262531569

- George Lakoff: http://amazon.com/dp/0465037712

- JJ Gibson: http://amazon.com/dp/0898599598

- among others: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embodied_cognition

I don't know what this is all about:

- http://worrydream.com/ABriefRantOnTheFutureOfInteractionDesign/

- http://worrydream.com/ABriefRantOnTheFutureOfInteractionDesign/responses.html

---

Abstract:

New representations of thought — written language, mathematical notation, information graphics, etc — have been responsible for some of the most significant leaps in the progress of civilization, by expanding humanity’s collectively-thinkable territory.

But at debilitating cost. These representations, having been invented for static media such as paper, tap into a small subset of human capabilities and neglect the rest. Knowledge work means sitting at a desk, interpreting and manipulating symbols. The human body is reduced to an eye staring at tiny rectangles and fingers on a pen or keyboard.

Like any severely unbalanced way of living, this is crippling to mind and body. But it is also enormously wasteful of the vast human potential. Human beings naturally have many powerful modes of thinking and understanding.

Most are incompatible with static media. In a culture that has contorted itself around the limitations of marks on paper, these modes are undeveloped, unrecognized, or scorned.

We are now seeing the start of a dynamic medium. To a large extent, people today are using this medium merely to emulate and extend static representations from the era of paper, and to further constrain the ways in which the human body can interact with external representations of thought.

But the dynamic medium offers the opportunity to deliberately invent a humane and empowering form of knowledge work. We can design dynamic representations which draw on the entire range of human capabilities — all senses, all forms of movement, all forms of understanding — instead of straining a few and atrophying the rest.

This talk suggests how each of the human activities in which thought is externalized (conversing, presenting, reading, writing, etc) can be redesigned around such representations.

---

Art by David Hellman.

Bret Victor -- http://worrydream.com "

[Some notes from Boris Anthony:

"Those of you who know my "book hack", Bret talks about exactly what motivates my explorations starting at 20:45 in https://vimeo.com/115154289 "

https://twitter.com/Bopuc/status/574339495274876928

"From a different angle, btwn 20:00-29:00 Bret explains how "IoT" is totally changing everything

https://vimeo.com/115154289

@timoreilly @moia"

https://twitter.com/Bopuc/status/574341875836043265 ]

march 2015 by robertogreco

dy/dan » Blog Archive » WTF Math Problems

january 2015 by robertogreco

"These seem like essential features:

• These problems are all brief. They slot easily into an opener.

• They look forward and backward. They fit right in the gap between an old concept and the new. They review the old (slope in this case) while setting up the new (collinearity).

• Students encounter an unexpected result. The world is either more orderly (the slope example above) or less orderly (see problem #2) than they thought.

And the weirdest feature:

• They require the teacher to be cunning, actively concealing the upcoming WTF, assuring students that, yes, this problem is as trivial as you think it is, knowing all the while that it isn’t.

When did they teach you that in your teacher training?

It’s striking to me that the history of mathematics is driven by the explanations following these WTF moments:

• We knew how to divide numbers. We didn’t know how to divide by zero. Enter Newton & Leibniz explanation of calculus.

• We knew how to find the square roots of positive numbers, but not negative. Enter Euler’s explanation of imaginary numbers.

• We knew what Eucld’s geometry looked like, but what if parallel lines could meet. Enter the explanation of hyperbolic, spherical, and other non-Euclidean geometries.

• There are lots of WTF moments that haven’t yet been explained."

----------

"In school mathematics, though, we simply give the explanations, without paying even the briefest homage to the WTFs that provoked them.

What Farrand and you and I are trying to do here is restore some of that WTF to our math curriculum, without forcing students to re-create thousands of years of intellectual struggle."

danmeyer
math
mathematics
teaching
howweteach
2015
henripicciotto
scottfarrand
education
learning
leibniz
• These problems are all brief. They slot easily into an opener.

• They look forward and backward. They fit right in the gap between an old concept and the new. They review the old (slope in this case) while setting up the new (collinearity).

• Students encounter an unexpected result. The world is either more orderly (the slope example above) or less orderly (see problem #2) than they thought.

And the weirdest feature:

• They require the teacher to be cunning, actively concealing the upcoming WTF, assuring students that, yes, this problem is as trivial as you think it is, knowing all the while that it isn’t.

When did they teach you that in your teacher training?

It’s striking to me that the history of mathematics is driven by the explanations following these WTF moments:

• We knew how to divide numbers. We didn’t know how to divide by zero. Enter Newton & Leibniz explanation of calculus.

• We knew how to find the square roots of positive numbers, but not negative. Enter Euler’s explanation of imaginary numbers.

• We knew what Eucld’s geometry looked like, but what if parallel lines could meet. Enter the explanation of hyperbolic, spherical, and other non-Euclidean geometries.

• There are lots of WTF moments that haven’t yet been explained."

----------

"In school mathematics, though, we simply give the explanations, without paying even the briefest homage to the WTFs that provoked them.

What Farrand and you and I are trying to do here is restore some of that WTF to our math curriculum, without forcing students to re-create thousands of years of intellectual struggle."

january 2015 by robertogreco

What Google Can Learn from the Long History of Information Management | New Republic

september 2013 by robertogreco

"What is missing in this story is an examination of the inherently Promethean quality of mastering and organizing massive amounts of data. No matter how sophisticated, information management does not always work. In spite of super cross-referencing computers and epic algorithms, the most basic financial data or political intelligence can fail to get to the desk of the right analyst. Experts, scholars, and administrators practice the remarkable human activity of ignoring the data in front of them, or the very systems that they have designed to manage it. Leibniz makes a good case in point. Three hundred years before Einstein, he, too, kept a messy desk. A father of mathematics, a famous historian and philosopher, the builder of calculation machines and scrinia literaria, and the librarian of the massive ducal collection in Wolfenbüttel, Leibniz was nonetheless very bad at organizing his papers. Indeed, while he was a librarian, he attempted to catalogue the more than 200,000 books in Wolfenbüttel. Each title was written on a scrap of paper. He placed the almost 120,000 reference scraps (still only half the library) not into an organized scrinia, but into a bag. Many were misplaced or spilled, and at Leibniz’s death, in 1716, the failed project had succeeded only in closing down the library for nine years. The catalogue was not finished until years after his death.

Why did a figure such as Leibniz fail to use his own tools? Perhaps messiness was the source of his creativity. This is a fact of intellectual originality with which Google must still grapple—libraries, after all, allow for the type of manageable disorder which is often the spark of creativity. Or maybe Leibniz resisted the very order of things, over which his calculus gave him a unique mastery. If anything, the rejection of systematized information handling methods could be as common as their adoption. Humanists had the tools and even the concepts to invent the cross-referenced thematic library catalogue, but they did not do so. We do not know why it took several hundred years and the Italian director of the British Museum, Antonio Panizzi, to create a truly modern reference catalogue through his “Ninety-One Cataloguing Rules” in 1841."

messiness
organization
2011
google
cataloging
expertise
creativity
catalogs
systems
systemsthinking
libraries
manageabledisorder
disorder
cross-referencing
antoniopanizzi
leibniz
alberteinstein
scrinialiteraria
collections
memory
references
data
via:ayjay
Why did a figure such as Leibniz fail to use his own tools? Perhaps messiness was the source of his creativity. This is a fact of intellectual originality with which Google must still grapple—libraries, after all, allow for the type of manageable disorder which is often the spark of creativity. Or maybe Leibniz resisted the very order of things, over which his calculus gave him a unique mastery. If anything, the rejection of systematized information handling methods could be as common as their adoption. Humanists had the tools and even the concepts to invent the cross-referenced thematic library catalogue, but they did not do so. We do not know why it took several hundred years and the Italian director of the British Museum, Antonio Panizzi, to create a truly modern reference catalogue through his “Ninety-One Cataloguing Rules” in 1841."

september 2013 by robertogreco

International Philosophy Sketch from Monty Python

march 2011 by robertogreco

"The Germans playing 4-2-4, Leibniz in goal, back four Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer and Schelling, front-runners Schlegel, Wittgenstein, Nietzsche and Heidegger, and the mid-field duo of Beckenbauer and Jaspers. Beckenbauer obviously a bit of a surprise there."

humor
philosophy
football
satire
film
montypython
wittgenstein
kant
nietzsche
heidegger
hegel
leibniz
plato
socrates
aristotle
archimedes
sophocles
ancientgreece
soccer
sports
futbol
march 2011 by robertogreco

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