recentpopularlog in

robertogreco : presentations   185

« earlier  
Introducing The National Algorithm – Sjef van Gaalen – Medium
[also tagging this for the slides themselves, especially the diptychs ]

"This is a write-up of the talk I’ve been giving while working on my current research project “The National Algorithm”, an investigation of the tensions and relationships embedded in modern camouflage patterns.

The talk consists of a heavily condensed history of modern military camouflage and what it has come to symbolise, then goes into the specifics of the project itself."

[See also:
http://thenationalalgorithm.com/

"Introducing the Netherlands Experimental Pattern, orange variant (NEP-Oranje). Created by reverse-engineering the fractal camouflage design methodology developed by TNO Defence for the Netherlands Armed Forces, NEP-Oranje is at the cutting edge of camouflage pattern design. Wear it with pride or wear it to hide, whenever a national frenzy reaches fever pitch you'll be covered."]
sjefvangaalen  2017  camouflage  slides  presentations  visuals  diptychs 
october 2017 by robertogreco
Sheep Time on Vimeo
"This is a remote video presentation by Dr Anne Galloway shown at the Temporal Design: Surfacing Everyday Tactics of Time Workshop @ Design Informatics, Edinburgh University, 28 September, 2015
.
More info at: designinformatics.org/node/396 "

[See also: http://morethanhumanlab.org/blog/2015/10/01/sheep-time/ ]
annegalloway  sheep  video  presentations  remotepresentations  2015  animals  animalhusbandry  clones  breeding  wool  merino  newzealand  history  time  multispecies 
october 2015 by robertogreco
The Sound of TED: A Case for Distaste | The American Reader
"There seems to be an important lesson for educators in Mitra’s experiment. It stirs real emotions in people. Like a lot of what makes it onto the TED stage, it seems to inspire something in the viewer. Mitra’s talk is played and replayed in education courses across the world as an inspiration for… well, it’s not clear for exactly what. Mitra implies that the time for traditional education is over (something that was declared by many people as early as a hundred-and-fifty years ago, when the first “traditional” public school systems were being set up) and that technology can now allow for different, more autonomous and distributed structures of learning. Nevermind that his experiment was conducted in slums where children had no cellphones, no movies, no parties, no alcohol, no swim-lessons in the afternoon, no books, barely a real school, and, yes, no computers; we are to assume that the results there somehow have something to do with European or American public schools as well. Mitra ends the talk with a shameless plug for his project of putting a computer before every child. The lesson of his experiment, the role of play and autonomy in effective education, is in one stroke turned into icing for a project that has very little to do with what got his audience excited about the first few minutes of his talk.

This is obfuscation. A nice little experiment is used to give the impression that a large, systemic problem like schooling can be solved easily. That, however, cannot be the real issue with TED—because what I have just described applies to most of what is funded and performed as social research across the world. It is positivist thought with a twist of sleek camera-work. The debate over what this type of thinking means for practice and research stretches back into the 19th century. Whatever TED’s critics have suggested, there is nothing that TED does to ideas or science that has not been done before. The particular problem with TED is elsewhere."



"I will be crass: the most interesting thing about Bratton’s talk is that in the early minutes of the lecture, just as he has delivered his main thesis, he suddenly forgets what he is supposed to say. There is a pause. It would be perfectly natural in another format to wait and gather one’s thoughts, but the pause is strangely disturbing in this context. He loses his place, then his nerve, and for the rest of the talk he struggles under an invisible weight. He has to heave a breath into each sentence, trying to propel himself into a rhythm that he doesn’t regain until the very end. What he is struggling under is the pressure of the TED style."



"But even Adichie’s presentation caters to the format by not acknowledging the shameful absurdity of the situation. The only exception is Sarah Silverman’s talk—which TED refuses to publish on its website. In the unofficial video that somehow made it to YouTube, Silverman is called on to deliver a comedy routine. She is a practiced stand-up and knows her craft—but here she abandons it completely. She pauses inordinately. She drags out her jokes until they are excruciating, then repeats them for good measure. She points her clicker, needlessly and awkwardly, toward the PowerPoint screen behind her which displays nothing but single-sentence TEDisms: ‘Communication is important’ (she talks about discussing a hand-shaped bruise on her ass with her mother); ‘What the world needs now’ (“I am 39 years old,” she says “and I still wake up every morning so thankful that I don’t have to go to school,”); and ‘TED is fancy’ (she discusses how the number 3000 can be seen as a pair of breasts defecating). Finally she picks up her guitar and informs the audience that her next song is dedicated to the porn-stars in the audience, “and you are all stars” she informs them. The moment her song—about how all the cocks in the universe cannot fill the hole in the aforementioned star’s heart—comes to an end, she bails, taking the microphone with her and depriving the audience of the chance to applaud her. On walks one of the largest shit-eating grins in the history of recorded entertainment—a presenter— who repeatedly begs Silverman to come back, until Silverman, who unlike the others in the room does have a sense of shame, obliges. The audience now push to their feet for a standing ovation that is nothing but an attempt to deny their own humiliation. “This can’t be right,” mutters Silverman, bewildered.

For various reasons, I find myself forced to sit through a TED-talk now and then. I squirm in my seat—feeling humiliated for myself and the speaker. This is a distinctly un-adult feeling. Adults have lost their capacity for disgust—which is partly why Silverman often jokes about her own unending adolescence. Unwavering critical open-mindedness has, for a very long time, become the correct intellectual posture, and it’s never clear if at any point one can allow oneself to have a visceral reaction against a genre, an industry, or a situation without feeling either childish or curmudgeonly. Teenagers are half-better than adults in this respect: in high doses, tackiness puts them off. They collectively begin to step back from a thing, and they are generally aware that what’s bothering them is not content, but style. So they turn away from Facebook in droves, without having read a single line of cultural criticism on social media. They look back at their own participation in whatever style they dropped with mild horror. That they are then lured in by the next shiny thing is a different story. The point is that the average adult avoids the horror of disgust, which means consciously sticking to what’s most bland and middle-of-the-road: HBO, pants, college, Obama, and, for a few years now, TED.

A decent strategy with TED might be to reclaim our teenage capacities and treat these videos as hopelessly passé—ignore them to death. Critiquing them, even as I have done, will do what criticism has done for television: creating an added enjoyment as you go on consuming the crap you despise. I know what I am watching is disgraceful, but aren’t I great at seeing why it’s disgraceful? I only watch it to keep up-to-date with the unwashed masses."
ted  houmanharouni  2014  tedtalks  benjaminbratton  nathanheller  sugatamitra  sarahsilverman  holeinthewall  chimamandaadichie  presentations 
april 2015 by robertogreco
Don’t Make Presentation Day the Worst Day | Practical Theory
"There are ways to have students get the full effect of other students’ work without a parade of PowerPoint presentations at the front of the room –

Read-arounds – where each group/person has to read the work of two other groups/people and write a response. Using a learning management system can make this process transparent for everyone as well.

Teach-in stations – where students go from station to station and at each station, students are presenting work and doing a poster-session style presentation. Do this in thirds where there are three rounds of poster session and each group presents once and walks around twice. You can have students fill out exit tickets of things they learned from other students’ presentations – again, if that’s done online, it can then create a shared compendium of student learning and reflection.

Critique / Gallery Walk- take a page from the art world, and have the work either digitally or physically available to all members, and have them go from piece to piece and give feedback. (Even digitally, this can be fun to do in physical space so that students can get up and move around.)

There are ways to make the front of the room more exciting too – and there will be times when you want every student / group to do a presentation to the entire class:

Ignite-style: A sense of urgency is an awesome thing, and the Ignite style presentation (20 slides that auto-advance every 15 seconds) makes for a fast-paced, fun presentation that communicates ideas powerfully with a sense of energy and purpose.

Multiple manifestation of presentations: Give students the options of how they want to present – skits, simulations, videos, even PowerPoint, poster – there are many ways to communicate ideas to a crowd, and students should have the opportunity to experiment with multiple modalities. Often, SLA teachers still have students hand in a more comprehensive paper with the presentation so students can go into more depth as well.

Mini-lessons: If one of the purposes of having students present their projects is to teach their classmates, then why not have students actually create a lesson plan on how to teach their material? Students can create more progressive lesson plans for how to teach their students about what they have learned, complete with creating learning activities for their fellow students.

These are just some of the many ways to make the presentations of student work far more powerful as learning moments than having students lecture their classmates. I’ve seen SLA teachers and students create incredible learning experiences for each other using these techniques and many more. Much like every other part of project-design and inquiry-driven curriculum-design, thoughtful planning of Presentation Day on the front end will make for far more powerful learning when the day arrives."
chrislehmann  education  presentationsoflearning  2014  presentations  sharing  howweteach  delivery 
november 2014 by robertogreco
pechaflickr
"pechaflickr = the sound of random flickring

Can you improv a coherent presentation from images you have never seen?

Enter a tag, and see how well you can communicate sense of 20 random flickr photos, each one on screen for 20 seconds. Advanced options offer different settings.

Curious? I used pechaflickr to talk about pechaflickr. [http://cogdogblog.com/stuff/techtalks13/ ] If you are making use of this, please share with me!"
speaking  improv  improvisation  pechakucha  flickr  random  via:lukeneff  pechaflickr  extemporaneous  presentations  classideas 
april 2014 by robertogreco
dy/dan » Blog Archive » My Opening Keynote for CUE 2014
"I started by describing why edtech presentations often make me aggravated. Then I described my "edtech mission statement," which helps me through those presentations and helps me make tough choices for my limited resources."

[Direct link to video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FRsE6mKkDjw ]

BTW. I was also interviewed at CUE for the Infinite Thinking Machine with Mark Hammons.

[That video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x1J831tffJ4 ]
edtech  danmeyer  teaching  math  mathematics  technology  curiosity  cue  cue2014  perplexity  online  internet  howwework  sharing  blogging  professionaldevelopment  learning  education  noticing  interestedness  del.icio.us  rss  interestingness  keynote  documentcameras  photography  video  mobile  phones  remembering  ela  languagearts  wcydwt  2014  askingquestions  presentations  engagement  lectures  lecturing  questionasking  interested 
april 2014 by robertogreco
Frank Chimero × Blog × Suggestions for Speakers
• Import ideas. Search for examples that are outside the purview of everyone in the audience. Novelty wins, so start somewhere unexpected and figure out a way to navigate toward your topic. For example, last week I gave a talk at Build about screens, but started with the composition of aspirin pills. In your search, look for common verbs with different nouns. In the case of technology and aspirin, both are getting smaller, yet have limits to their minimum size because of what we can grasp. Of course, novel examples require hunting. Good thing that process is fun.

• Write, then jump to Keynote as quickly as possible. Keep in mind lectures are visual, too. My process is usually writing, then into keynote, back into writing, and then another pass at Keynote. Also, consider using blank slides for your most critical points. The absense of visuals will force your audience to look at you, giving the point extra importance.

•A nice typeface on a dark background is good enough. Spend your time on the ideas and practicing the talk.



• Go in loops. It’s nice to come back to a thread that you dropped. Use recurring themes in your examples. Develop a thought to a question, say “I’m going to leave that question hanging for a bit,” then start somewhere else, and eventually link the new place to the the hanging question’s answer. I’m sure you can think of a bunch of other ways to do this. Leaving loops open creates anticipation. Resolving them creates closure. Both are necessary for a good talk.

• Have padding. Listening is hard work, especially if you’re at a conference and listening for 5 or 6 hours in a row. Help your audience along by keeping in a little bit of fluffiness, and changing beats every 10 minutes or so. For instance, last talk, I wanted to show that screens had no problem showing a lot of different kinds of imagery. Rather than saying that one simple sentence, I stretched it out for a couple minutes by showing a bunch of different images of horses. Now, this is definitely ridiculous, but it had a purpose—the example lets your brain rest for a minute and allows the previous points to sink in. It’s negative space. I like to think of this fluffiness as if they were establishing shots or B-reel in television. Every once in a while, your brain needs a break."
frankchimero  presentations  advice  speaking  keynote  publicspeaking  2013  design 
november 2013 by robertogreco
Half an Hour: Technology Integration in K-12
Q: I'm curious as to what you think the three most important things for new
teachers to know about technology integration in k-12?

"1. Community - teaching can be a lonely profession, and it's easy to think you face problems nobody else faces. One of the greatest aspect of the internet is its ability to connect people who are isolated in just that way. A teacher who is able to find an online network will find support and resources. The exact technology doesn't matter much, and has evolved over the years, from the days of email mailing lists, to community bulletin boards, to social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook.

2. Educational Resources - you want your use of the internet to be of practical value, and typically that means finding a quick and easy way to find resources for your classes. It is often a lot easier to find something than to create something. But it's important to do something better than just searching on Google; that can drain more time than you can imagine. Communities often support resource-sharing sites, or members can at least point to one.

3. Course Tools - the original LMS was called 'Web Course Tools' and the name was apt, because the desire here is to provide access to tools that make teaching in a class easier. Simple course tools can be one of the teacher's greatest assets - a place to store course documents and handhouts, to keep records and possibky grades, to develop a profile over time on each student. These tools *may* be accessible by students, in classes that have good technology integration, but the greatest value will be to help the teacher stay organized.

You'll note that I haven't included any presentation tools, like online video, or talked about having the whole class use blogs or Facebook. That's because of the question you asked, which focuses on new teachers and technology integration in the classroom. It is in my mind unwise to attempt to use technology to teach until after you have already learned to use technology for personal development and productivity.

This is partially because it is essential to develop an easy facility with technology before using it in the classroom, and partially because teachers without that experience tend to use technology as a type of television (or presentation tool). But as can be seen from the three points above, technology for personal learning and development is about connecting to community, leaning to find resources, and supporting improved productivity."
community  tools  lms  education  teaching  learning  technology  professionaldevelopment  presentations  stephendownes 
july 2013 by robertogreco
tmcw/biggie · GitHub
"biggie is the last mile of big. It turns Markdown into slides, and slides into a website, and even posts it online for you with the magic of bl.ocks.org and gist."
via:straup  presentations  markdown  slides  gist  big  biggie 
june 2013 by robertogreco
Alphonso Lingis | Figure/Ground Communication™
[Wayback: http://web.archive.org/web/20131102040148/http://figureground.ca/interviews/alphonso-lingis/ ]

"…being a university professor is not even work. All you do is go to the campus maybe 6-8 hours a week and talk about books that you chose and that you love. I was never interested in administration or professional arguments and quarrels. I found that if you do your job, people leave you alone.

I went to other countries every year in the summer simply because I was interested in the world, and I still am. I don’t plan where I go and I don’t want to know anything about the country before I go. I prize that first impression. When I get there, I go to a book store and I buy all the books in languages I can read–guidebooks, history books and so on. But I don’t want to know anything before I go."

"the attitude coming from the administration. They want what they call “accountability”. They want empirical, quantitative ways to judge."

"I have a strong personal need to admire; I’m always looking for people to admire and places and cultures and political systems I admire."
ethics  art  performanceart  presentations  performance  technology  onlineeducation  education  howweteach  quantification  accountability  philosophy  travel  learning  teaching  administration  highereducation  highered  nelsonmandela  gandhi  interestedness  listenting  noticing  culture  admiration  interviews  2012  mashallmcluhan  alphonsolingis  interested 
november 2012 by robertogreco
On Performance « SB129
"Performance has always played an important role in design… The communication of a project – be it in front of a client, a peer group, conference audience or general public, requires a level of performance. How the story behind a project is constructed and told makes an enormous difference to its reception. I’ve always encouraged my students to embrace the performative nature of project crits and presentations. If you design, direct, practice and perform your presentations you’ll go far…

If we abstract the ‘script’ from the object and focus purely on the social interaction, we have something close to the work of Tino Sehgal…

This is where performance comes into it’s own, it acts like a mirror to the actions, relationships and events that make up our daily lives. It gives us the necessary distance to examine, reflect and understand what we do and why… surely a useful activity for design and designers."
relationships  infa-ordinary  georgesperec  tommarriot  larissaseilern  socialchange  performing  movement  martinturner  matthouse  practice  teaching  education  art  theseassociations  objects  madelineakrich  performingtoknow  reflection  crits  sharing  performativeturns  constructedsituations  context  storytelling  communication  presentations  tinosehgal  design  performance  2012  mattward 
september 2012 by robertogreco
The Greatness of College Lectures (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought)
"you need to learn ways of thinking. These are what lectures, at their best, can provide. They show you how the speakers think about problems, how they feel about them, and, in doing so, provide a more fleshed-out notion than writing ever could."
lectures  presentations  thinking  edwardtufte  scottmccloud  aaronswartz  2006  larrylessig  education  learning  writing  speaking  via:Preoccupations  openminded  mindchanges  mindchanging 
may 2012 by robertogreco
The Awfulness of College Lectures (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought)
"The other day someone asked me why more people don't watch the recordings of MIT lectures made available for free online. This is why. … How did this become the primary method of education?"
education  presentations  talks  lectures  learning  aaronswartz  2006  teaching  via:Preoccupations 
may 2012 by robertogreco
Amazon.com: Mob Rule Learning: Camps, Unconferences, and Trashing the Talking Head eBook: Michelle Boule: Kindle Store
"In response to the increasing failure to successfully instruct through traditional conferences and learning environments, this comprehensive resource offers the first examination of, and guide to, the “unconference” movement. Dissecting the impact of internet “mob rule” on continuing education and training, this book shows how a new breed of digital solutions—including camps, “unconferences,” and peer learning strategies—successfully put the power of knowledge in the hands of learners. In addition to providing a step-by-step approach to planning and leading a successful camp or “unconference,” numerous case studies are presented, as well as interviews and examples of emerging education and training models for organizations, businesses, and community groups of all sizes."

[See also: http://www.worldcat.org/title/mob-rule-learning-camps-unconferences-and-trashing-the-talking-head/oclc/726821067 ]
egalitarian  mobrulelearning  edcamp  presentations  camps  2011  michelleboule  books  hierarchy  unschooling  deschooling  unconferences  education  learning 
february 2012 by robertogreco
keynotetweet - A simple Applescript Application for automatically sending tweets from Apple Keynote during a presentation - Google Project Hosting
"This simple piece provides the capacity for speaker or presenter to to participate in the backchannel of a talk or conference session by integrating live 'tweets' into an Apple Keynote presentation. Simply add text inside the tags [twitter] and [/twitter] in the presenter notes section of a slide and when that slide comes up in the presentation the script will grab that text and send it to Twitter on your behalf."
via:derrickschultz  backchannel  presentations  applescript  presentation  keynote  twitter 
february 2012 by robertogreco
Celebrity – Marco.org
"In addition to inspiring me to be a better writer and inadvertently killing my conference-presentation confidence for a year, this famous little 2009 SXSW session leveled my juvenile notion of celebrity. After the talk, since I wasn’t allowed to leave, I was introduced to many more great people famous for their blog, software, humor, or music,3 and it went similarly well with all of them.

Among people who are well-known to subsets of internet geeks, nobody’s walking around with entourages or bodyguards…At the end of the day you still go outside and nobody knows who you are.”

…It turns out that we’re all just regular people who like similar things and are in the same little circle of interest.

So next time you’re at a geeky conference and have an opportunity to meet someone whose work you admire, just go up and introduce yourself, because they’re just a regular person, they never get “recognized” during the other 360 days each year, & they’ll probably really appreciate it."
marcoarment  celebrity  conferences  writing  merlinmann  adamlisagor  johngruber  instapaper  sxsw  daringfireball  2011  2009  presentations  introverts 
september 2011 by robertogreco
Anti Powerpoint Party
"…an international movement that is opened to proponents from all over the world without a membership fee."

The Problem: In some countries students and pupils are punished with a lower mark, if they give a presentation without PowerPoint*. Superiors are obliging their co-workers to use PowerPoint*. The fact is that the average PowerPoint* presentation creates boredom. The world is using PowerPoint* without knowing that the alternative flip-chart has a triple effect in 95% of the cases.

Our Goal: In the future, those in companies, congresses, universities, schools, who want to renounce PowerPoint*, should not have to justify themselves any longer. We do not want to abolish PowerPoint*; we only want to abolish the PowerPoint*-CONSTRAINT.

We want that the number of boring PowerPoint* presentations on the planet to decrease and the average presentation to become more exciting and more interesting. The solutions are there, but nobody pays attention to them."
powerpoint  activism  presentations  antipowerpointparty 
august 2011 by robertogreco
How I give presentations with the iPad by Austin Kleon
"I took back my first iPad because it didn’t support full mirroring via a projector, but I’ve given several presentations using only my iPad 2, and so far, it’s always worked like a charm. I just double-check with the venue that they have a projector with a VGA input, and I’m good to go — often making adjustments up until the last minute. I love the simplicity of Keynote on iOS and I love being able to illustrate a point by drawing onscreen with my Boxwave stylus in Adobe Ideas. Simple. Easy.

Here’s how I do it. (Drawn with Adobe Ideas — see it bigger on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/deathtogutenberg/6038943626/in/photostream .)"
ipad  presentations  howto  austinkleon  via:lukeneff  drawing  keynote  adobeideas  applications  ios 
august 2011 by robertogreco
Customized Learning - The Slideshow | Education Rethink
Great set of slides from John T Spencer. Notes are forthcoming, but the slides should speak for themselves. These were for his Reform Symposium presentation in 2011. (I missed it, so I'm glad it put them online.)
johnspencer  teaching  learning  tcsnmy  differentiatedlearning  customization  self-directedlearning  student-centered  studentdirected  pedagogy  unschooling  deschooling  standards  mastery  presentations  classideas  networking  hierarchy  freedom  autonomy  projectbasedlearning  science  socialstudies  reading  writing  flexibility  choice  dialogue  relationships  conversation  assessment  metaphor  ownership  empowerment  fear  dialog  pbl 
july 2011 by robertogreco
Ambition in speaking & writing: TEDx by 8 year olds | NoTosh
"We challenged the school by asking what would happen in terms of ambition, outlook and understanding the power of speech if Thorney Close students created the UK’s first live and online event, created by children for children, as part of the world’s most famous and popular lecture series."

"So on May 27th in a lecture hall in Sunderland sixty 7, 8 and 9 year olds explored topics such as the secret language of animals, why slugs have slime and what family means – and made history in the process by participating in the first ever TEDx event for under 10′s."
notosh  ewanmcintosh  edchatie  tedx  children  classideas  ambition  outlook  understanding  speaking  publicspeaking  presentations  events  online  onlineevents 
july 2011 by robertogreco
Becoming Animal- Race, Terror and the American Roots Dick Hebdige [Saw a version of this performance at the Hammer. Awesome!]
"An early version of the text reproduced below was first given as a mixed-media presentation at an interdisciplinary conference on ‘‘Noise’’ held at the University of California, Santa Barbara in June 2002. The conference brought together a group of musicians, composers, visual artists, ethnomusiciologists and film, TV and media scholars drawn from a range of institutions sited in the States and abroad. What follows should be regarded more as the inchoate mapping or approximate documentation of a performance than as a conventional piece of written scholarship or criticism. Inevitably much is lost or at least significantly refigured in the translation from a ‘live’ real-time context complete with audio, slide and video inserts to the stereophonic silence of words upon a page but it is my hope that some of those readers who persevere beyond this preamble and who follow what follows will recognize or, failing that, will follow up/track down some at least of the audio citations."
dickhebdige  2007  history  mixedmedia  performance  performanceart  presentations  art  media  culture  music  race  terror  roots  audio 
july 2011 by robertogreco
OK Do | Dreaming objects – A meeting with Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby
"AD: The question of art and design is problematic. A lot of people want to see us as artists, but we definitely see ourselves as designers trying to push the discipline forward, asking questions about design and through it. In fact, we launched the term critical design ten years ago in order to describe our work. Sometimes people think it simply means criticism; that we are negative about everything, anti-consumerist and against design. Some people relate it to critical theory; to Frankfurt school and anti-capitalist thinking. We are definitely aware of it, but then again not in that category either. Critical design is about critical thinking – about not taking things at face value. It’s about questioning things, and trying to understand what’s behind them. In essence, our objective is to use design as a means for applying skepticism to society at large."
art  design  dunne&raby  fionaraby  anthonydunne  learning  unschooling  deschooling  criticalthinking  questioning  unproduct  undesign  science  research  parallelworlds  paralleluniverses  social  society  democracy  education  thinking  philosophy  glvo  lcproject  openstudio  anti-consumption  functionalfictions  okdo  interviews  potential  herenow  presentations  narratives  change  sustainability  slow 
may 2011 by robertogreco
Tools for Teaching - Preparing to Teach the Large Lecture Course
"Be clear about what can reasonably be accomplished by lecturing. Research shows that lecturing is as effective as other instructional methods,such as discussion, in transmitting information but less effective in promoting independent thought or developing students' thinking skills (Bligh, 1971). In addition to presenting facts, try to share complex intellectual analyses, synthesize several ideas, clarify controversial issues, or compare and contrast different points of view"
teaching  tips  howto  learning  lecturing  lectures  via:adamgreenfield  presentations  criticalthinking  problemsolving  informationtransmission  independentthought  highereducation  highered  discussion  conversation 
april 2011 by robertogreco
Without Thought | Metropolis Magazine
"At IDEO…international interdisciplinary team…included engineers, designers, and even a clinical psychologist."

"tossed around the idea of inviting weekly speakers to make meetings productive. Fukasawa…thought it would be more useful if team members spoke about their own philosophies & how their cultures influenced them. They all agreed on one condition: that Fukasawa go first."

"…result was a presentation on hari…Eastern philosophy, distilled down into design language…"usually translated as ‘tension,' but that’s not correct…It’s very hard to explain.” [Explains.]"

"“That’s why it was important for him to go back to Japan,” Brown says. “One of the things that released him was the ability to work and tell the story of his work in his own language. Naoto has gone from somebody who crafts objects to somebody who crafts relationships with objects.”"

“I think objects or things are shifting toward the surrounding walls for integration or otherwise into our body for integration,”
design  interview  japan  philosophy  hari  tension  naotofukasawa  glvo  ideo  via:preoccupations  reflection  identity  culture  howwework  conversation  leadership  interdisciplinary  multidisciplinary  crossdisciplinary  language  japanese  objects  evocativeobjects  muji  simplicity  slow  presentations  meetings  relationships  socialobjects  architecture  industrialdesign  craft 
february 2011 by robertogreco
Behind the TEDTalk 2010 on Vimeo
"Behind the TEDTalk is the touching story of two extraordinary people [Raghava KK and Ken Robinson] who shared the stage at the 2010 TED Conference."
presenting  presentations  ted  howto  howwework  performance  kenrobinson  2010  raghavakk  speaking 
february 2011 by robertogreco
Publish. Now. — Satellite — Craig Mod
"This is — now that I think about it — how talks should go. Built on the fly. A sort of performance art erected on genuine experience and knowledge. Improvisation. Or, perhaps not. But, undeniably, because of the rapidly changing nature of publishing, it's almost impossible to repeat the same talk about books with a straight face. I've spoken at several conferences in the last few months and the data in the presentations — by necessity — was updated at the very last minute. Things are moving fast. And it's fun."
craigmod  presentations  speaking  planning  conferences  meaning  change  improvisation 
december 2010 by robertogreco
Future Perfect » The 3 Audiences
"There are 3 audiences to every presentation: the people in the room; the people tuning in online in real or close to real time; and history. The presenter needs to consider all three.

‘History’ is increasingly the digital memory of event – it starts with the conversations leading up to, during and after the event – it’s the photos posted online, the retweeted quotes, the barbs, the likes, the references, the downloads. The presenter can’t control history but she can nudge it in the right direction.

For any given presentation what artifacts do you leave behind? Where are they linked from? How can they be repurposed, reused? And what is the thread that links them back to you and what you’ve done?

Who is the gatekeeper of your history?

What is their motivation both now and in the future?"

[Related: http://snarkmarket.com/2009/4056 AND http://snarkmarket.com/2010/5979 ]
presentations  janchipchase  history  events  generativeevents  backchannel  reuse  ideas  momentum  artifacts  conversation  audience  trends  live  digitalmemory  digitalhistory  digitalartifacts  generativewebevent  media  memory  sharing  generativewebevents 
november 2010 by robertogreco
Andy Plesser: Video: TED's Chris Anderson: Video is a "Reinvention of the Spoken Word"
"The emergence of Web video is a "bigger deal than people realize" and it is a "reinvention of the spoken word" in profound ways, says Chris Anderson, "Curator" of the TED conferences and hugely successful Web series TED Talks."
chrisanderson  ted  video  spokenword  storytelling  classideas  teaching  communication  print  scale  learning  gamechanging  youtube  online  internet  presentations  lectures 
october 2010 by robertogreco
TodaysMeet
"TodaysMeet helps you embrace the backchannel and connect with your audience in realtime.

Encourage the room to use the live stream to make comments, ask questions, and use that feedback to tailor your presentation, sharpen your points, and address audience needs."
backchannel  twitter  onlinetoolkit  classideas  conferences  meetings  teaching  presentations  discussion  collaboration  communication  technology  chatroom  backchanneling  todaysmeet 
august 2010 by robertogreco
America's Most Exclusive Club - BusinessWeek [I belong to an exclusive club!]
"Not having a cell phone is a way of getting the world to run on your time. A lot of powerful people are already on to this. Warren Buffett doesn't use one. Nor does Mikhail Prokhorov, the 45-year-old Russian billionaire who owns the New Jersey Nets. Tavis Smiley doesn't own one, either.

Smiley, 45, host of a weekly PBS talk show & national radio show, freaked out 2 years ago after realizing he couldn't remember phone numbers or appointments w/out checking his cell. Smiley believes his decision to give up his cell phone has benefited his 75-employee company, The Smiley Group. "At first everybody was complaining that it would be the death of the company. What's actually happened is that they get more conversation with me than they used to." …

These non-cell-phone users don't avoid all modern forms of communication. Many are on Facebook & Twitter, & almost all are besotted by e-mail, which gives them time to insidiously shift the conversation to a moment convenient for them."
mobile  phones  power  time  distraction  attention  2010  cv  twitter  email  technology  interruptions  relationships  convenience  warrenbuffett  mikhailprokhorov  tavissmiley  conversation  presentations  travel 
august 2010 by robertogreco
russell davies: what I meant to say at lift - part two - big red buttons and sliding into glass
"Touch & screens...if it's all we do...we're going to be missing most of our bodies & senses. Presentations/PowerPoint are an example. Conference organisers & software/hardware makers seem determined to promote fantasy that slides control themselves...computer off stage, hidden, controller as small as possible...seem to be working towards an ideal state where slides are advanced by an inflection in speaker's mind. ...reinforces & is reinforced by, a particular school of talks which imagines them as exchange of minds facilitated by language, occasionally supported by imagery...such a waste, like taking talking head off telly & going to see it live... We should be thinking of all the things we can to make ourselves more watchable...one...is to engage physically w/ our materials - our presentation, our slides. We should be performing PowerPoint not just showing it. You ought to be able to buy a PowerPoint Hero controller that gets you engaged the way Guitar Hero controller does."
performance  powerpoint  slides  senses  acting  engagement  speaking  talks  keynote  lift  russelldavies  howto  physicality  guitarhero  controllers  spectacle  tcsnmy  classideas  natal  presentations 
july 2010 by robertogreco
YouTube - theRSAorg's Channel [great resource for interesting talks covering a wide variety of topics]
"For over 250 years the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) has been a cradle of enlightenment thinking and a force for social progress. Our approach is multi-disciplinary, politically independent and combines cutting edge research and policy development with practical action."
rsa  videos  talks  presentations  design  thinking  learning  policy  inspirations 
may 2010 by robertogreco
Near Future Laboratory » The Week Ending 050310
"Why little movies? Why small little films? Well — the rough thinking is to communicate differently to engage good folks who are perhaps optimized for being talked to via PowerPoint. *Death by PowerPoint, is what one might say. And *Death by CAD renderings. The death of the imagination. What we want are things that start conversations — a clever idea, something that compels a discussion and encourages a new way of doing what needs to be done. It’s also, despite the pain of production which presumably gets better with practice, quite a good way to think and design and not just a means of communication. The process of being forced to tell a small, momentary story about a thing or an experience — it gives you special language powers and new perspectives, and visual metaphors to help shape and smooth and refine the thinking. Clearly — it’s not just the film itself which is the outcome of all that work."
julianbleecker  film  video  communication  thinking  tcsnmy  powerpoint  presentations  storytelling  conversation  constraints 
march 2010 by robertogreco
Screenr - Create screencasts and screen recordings the easy way
"Instant screencasts for Twitter.

Now you can create screencasts for your followers as easily as you tweet. Just click the record button and you’ll have your ready-to-tweet screencast in seconds."
twitter  screencasts  screencapture  socialmedia  presentations  software  webapps  onlinetoolkit  screenr  screencasting  free  webapp  recording 
february 2010 by robertogreco
Do blog - Ten Do’s and Don’ts for speakers
"1. Do tell your story. It will inspire others more than you will ever know. 2. Do inspire yourself too. Don’t do the talk you always do. Leave your comfort zone. 3. Do tell us of your struggles as well as your successes. Failure is often a better teacher than success. 4. Don’t read it. You know your story off by heart, so let it come from the heart. You will touch more people that way. 5. Do tell us your dreams, your passions, what you stand for, your crazy new idea or your brave new thinking. We need to know what drives you. 6. Do entertain. We cover some serious subjects but that doesn’t mean we have to be serious. Entertainment is good. People learn a lot while laughing. 7. Do disagree. Debate is important. You don’t have to agree with other speakers. 8. Don’t steal other speakers time. It’s a 25 minute talk. 9. Do give the best talk that you have ever done. 10. Do stay around. The food, the beer, the music and the fire-side conversation all go to make The Do lectures so special."
do  speaking  presentations  storytelling  disagreement  debate  failure  success  advice 
february 2010 by robertogreco
Communication Nation: The design philosophy of the AK-47 - Dave's faves
"Don't design for a perfect world, because the world isn't perfect. Design simple things that are rugged, reliable, simple & easy to use; things that work even when conditions are chaotic; things that work even when they are mostly broken. ... Are there other examples I could have used to make my point? I am sure there are. But as a person who has spoken at many conferences, and also as a person who has sat through many polite-but-boring talks, I choose to make my points as dramatically, engagingly and entertainingly as possible. ... When I want to make an important point, I do it with drama, because that’s what people remember. There’s a reason that war movies are more popular than design documentaries. I would rather stir up a bit of controversy than subject an audience to slow, agonizing death with PowerPoint bullet points. And if you are speaking and I am in the audience, I hope you will do the same for me."
presentations  powerpoint  design  storytelling 
february 2010 by robertogreco
Harold Jarche » Learning socially and being social
“@BFchirpy “The killer learning management system is the Web – silly” [in case anyone is still wondering]” ... "Are we too professional: has professionalism gone too far?" ... "Great slide presentation by @sachac on how to be a shy connector – Shows that it’s not necessary to behave like arrogant self-aggrandizing jerks"
learning  education  professionalism  haroldjarche  self-promotion  introverts  presentations  networking  socialnetworking  tcsnmy  shyness  ples  lms 
january 2010 by robertogreco
When Computers Leave Classrooms, So Does Boredom - Chronicle.com
"discourage professors from using PowerPoint...often lean on [it]...as a crutch rather than using it as a creative tool. Class time should be reserved for discussion...especially now that students can download lectures online & find libraries of information on Web. When students reflect on college years later in life, they're going to remember challenging debates & talks with their professors. Lively interactions are what teaching is all about...but those give-and-takes are discouraged by preset collections of slides...The least boring teaching methods were found [via a survey of students] to be seminars, practical sessions & group discussions."...biggest resistance to Mr. Bowen's ideas has come from students...a few have been thrown off by the new system...used to being spoon-fed material that is going to be quote unquote on test...have been socialized to view educational process as essentially passive. The only way we're going to stop that is by radically refiguring the classroom"
education  presentations  powerpoint  teaching  academia  learning  engagement  discussion  seminars  interaction  lecture  technology  tcsnmy  lcproject 
july 2009 by robertogreco
View Poster - More Talk, Less Chalk: Lexically Sparse Slides Improve Recall of Taught Material
"Classroom use of presentation software, whereby information is simultaneously delivered verbally and visually, risks overloading students' working memory and impairing learning. We compared traditional and lexically-sparse slide presentations, using multiple-choice and short essay answers to assess learning; participants exposed to traditional slides performed significantly worse on their essay answers. "
presentations  powerpoint  learning  memory  cognitive  cognition  teaching  education  tutorials  slides 
june 2009 by robertogreco
Study: PowerPoint animations are comprehension killers - Ars Technica
"We've all sat through mind-numbing PowerPoint presentations, but presentation software appears to have established a permanent foothold in the classroom, so we might as well figure out how to use it properly. A study suggests that animations hinder, rather than help, comprehension."
teaching  learning  education  presentations  comprehension  powerpoint  animation  disconnect  research 
june 2009 by robertogreco
Ignite Show
"Ignite captures the best of geek culture in a series of five-minute speed presentations on topics ranging from The Best Way to Buy a Car to Hacking Chocolate. Imagine that you're on stage in front of an audience of hundreds of people, doing a five-minute presentation using a slide deck that auto-forwards every 15 seconds, whether you're ready or not. What would you do? What would you say? Could you stand the pressure? Every week, find out how some of the smartest minds on the planet dealt with this situation as your host, Brady Forrest, highlights a different talk from Ignites around the world."
pechakucha  presentations  talks  geek  via:preoccupations 
february 2009 by robertogreco
Presentation Zen: Is it finally time to ditch PowerPoint?
"So, is it finally time to ditch PowerPoint? Hardly, but it is long past time to ditch the use of the ubiquitous bulleted-list templates found in both PowerPoint and Keynote. And it’s long past time that we realized that putting the same information on a slide that is coming out of our mouths usually does not help — in fact usually hurts our message. Next time you plan a presentation, then, start by using a pencil and pad, a whiteboard, or a stick in the sand — anything except jumping headfirst into slideware on your computer with its templates, outlines, and content wizards that may point you down a path you wish not to go. And as you examine your work from previous talks remember this rule of thumb: if your presentation visuals taken in the aggregate (e.g., your “PowerPoint deck”) can be perfectly and completely understood without your narration, then it begs the question: why are you there?"
powerpoint  presentations  text  communication  howto  visualization  learning  technology  psychology 
december 2008 by robertogreco
dy/dan » Blog Archive » My Shortest-Ever Post On Presentation
"1. Unless your presentation is billed as "beginner-level" don't include information I can easily Google. What I mean is, while I know nothing about Photo Story, it was painful spending seat-time on a tutorial for adding narration to Photo Story, which is Google's top result for the same query. I can get that anytime1. 2. Instead, cover the stuff I can't Google, that stuff that makes your presence worth my district's money and my time. Here's an easy outline: a) why Photo Story; what problem were you trying to solve? should I care about that problem? b) what complications did you encounter while implementing Photo Story? how did you overcome them? c) what did you learn?"
presentations  danmeyer  conferences  professionaldevelopment  teaching  learning  speaking  education 
october 2008 by robertogreco
dy/dan » Blog Archive » ILC 2008 [or why I have long sinced stopped going to education conferences unless forced to do so]
"As a guy who teaches compulsory Algebra to kids who have hated Algebra, I don't see how fourteen presenters managed to blow a scenario where an audience volunteered to attend their sessions. Where the audience is interested in the session (provided the presenter didn't falsely bill it). Where the audience is pulling for the presenter. Where the audience is eager to be dazzled, fed, or inspired. ILC was like walking into eighteen car dealerships, pockets bulging with cash, declaring to every salesperson, "I'm here to buy," and discovering that fourteen of them couldn't close the sale." Follow-up post here: http://blog.mrmeyer.com/?p=1712
presentations  professionaldevelopment  learning  speaking  education  teaching  danmeyer  conferences 
october 2008 by robertogreco
Seth's Blog: Nine steps to Powerpoint magic
"Perhaps you've experienced it. You do a presentation and it works. It works! That's the reason we keep coming back for more, that's why so many of us spend more time building and giving presentations than almost anything else we do. Here are some steps to achieve this level of PPT nirvana (Your mileage may vary. These are steps, not rules): 1. Don't use Powerpoint at all. 2. Use your own font. 3. Tell the truth. 4. Pay by the word. 5. Get a remote. 6. Use a microphone. 7. Check to make sure you brought you big idea with you. 8. Too breathtaking to take notes. 9. Short! "
powerpoint  presentations  sethgodin  howto  communication  speaking  advice  tips  keynote  tutorial 
october 2008 by robertogreco
SlideRocket - The Best Online Presentation Software.
"Introducing SlideRocket. With professional authoring tools, intelligent asset management, market leading analytics and the new SlideRocket Marketplace, SlideRocket puts everything you need to make great presentations at your fingertips. Create and collaborate with your peers, integrate dynamic data, and share securely online or offline, with consistent results every time. SlideRocket redefines what presentations can do and what they can do for you."
sliderocket  onlinetoolkit  presentations  powerpoint  keynote  freeware  productivity  slides 
september 2008 by robertogreco
Profanity works - (37signals)
"It seems that profanity can work as a record button for the brain. It brings people to the edge of their attention as they’re trying to figure out whether they’re supposed to be offended or inspired. And then the content warrants the emphasis, the idea seems to stick better and longer and with more affection. As with any tool, it can certainly be misused and applied to the wrong audience. But you can cut yourself with a great steak knife too. Use profanity with care and in the right context and it can be fucking amazing."
language  communication  presentations  swearing  profanity 
august 2008 by robertogreco
Orange Cone: UX Week Ubicomp UX Presentation, Sketching in NYT
"It was a pleasure to be invited and to present to a group of old and new friends. I felt so comfortable that I decided to abandon my usual presentation format and present without any slides. I brought a suitcase of stuff and a stapled pile of notes, and pulled things out of the suitcase to illustrate my point. Kind of like a prop comedy version of a presentation, except not as funny. Or not as intentionally funny, anyway. However, as usual, I had written the presentation (108K PDF) in PowerPoint, so you can still read what I said, even though the slides are blank and you don't get to see me pulling a Motorola Dynatac phone out of a fake Prada purse. AP says they'll have video of it up soon."
presentations  speaking  ubicomp  mikekuniavsky 
august 2008 by robertogreco
Digital Ethnography » “An anthropological introduction to YouTube” video of Library of Congress presentation
"The video of the presentation I gave at the Library of Congress last month is finally ready. This was tons of fun to present. I decided to forgo the PowerPoint and instead worked with students to prepare over 40 minutes of video for the 55 minute presentation. This is the result." ... Direct link to video here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPAO-lZ4_hU [choose 'watch in high quality']

[Now at: http://mediatedcultures.net/projects/youtube/an-anthropological-introduction-to-youtube-presented-at-the-library-of-congress/ ]
michaelwesch  culture  internet  anthropology  socialmedia  youtube  ethnography  research  presentations  video  viral  web2.0  readwriteweb  education  community  web  online 
august 2008 by robertogreco
Wooji Juice: Stage Hand
"Use Stage Hand to control your Keynote presentations from your iPhone or iPod Touch. Stage Hand also shows the notes for your current slide, for those moments when you need a quick reminder."
iphone  keynote  applications  remote  osx  presentations  ios 
july 2008 by robertogreco
Poll Everywhere | Simple Text Message (SMS) Voting and Polling, Audience Response System (ARS), PowerPoint Polling
"1. Ask your audience a question 2. They answer using SMS text messages or the web (try voting!) 3. Results update live in your web browser or PowerPoint "
mobile  phones  sms  polling  presentations  survey  teaching  conferences  messaging  interactive 
july 2008 by robertogreco
Geeks Make Public Presentations Fun Again - ReadWriteWeb
"same people building the attention-absorbing internet are experimenting with new methods to make public communication engaging again...Presentation Tennis: Collaborative Storytelling and Discussion...Powerpoint Karaoke...Ignite and Pecha Kucha"
collaboration  presentations  communication  classideas  engagement  teaching  powerpoint  pechakucha  education 
july 2008 by robertogreco
dy/dan » Blog Archive » dy/av : 001 : earn the medium
Good advice about considering whether the medium you're using is the best for what you are trying to accomplish.
teaching  video  audio  podcasting  technology  text  presentations  engagement  time  students  attention  danmeyer 
june 2008 by robertogreco
TileStack - Your Creative Playground
"Remember that great application that used to come with all Macs called HyperCard? Ever wished it would return, only better? Say hello to TileStack!"
via:russelldavies  hypercard  web  programming  mac  tilestack  osx  presentations  hypertext  applications  webapps  software 
june 2008 by robertogreco
280 Slides [via: http://www.wait-till-i.com/2008/06/05/north280-bring-keynote-to-the-web/]
"280 North guys have released their very Keynote-esque presentation editor for the web. Have a play with it and especially check the key-commands and drag and drop support. The shape designer is also pretty nifty."
keynote  presentation  javascript  powerpoint  tools  onlinetoolkit  webapp  presentations  slideshow  online 
june 2008 by robertogreco
Seth's Blog: The new standard for meetings and conferences
"The new rule seems to be that if you're going to spend the time and the money to see someone face to face, be in their face. Interact or stay home!"
meetings  conferences  time  travel  events  unconferences  sethgodin  marketing  communication  collaboration  management  leadership  trends  workshops  work  sustainability  presentations  business 
may 2008 by robertogreco
Chris Heathcote: anti-mega: abstract pointillist
"Presenting the abstract pointillist powerpoint toolkit. 20 slides that can be used for any presentation. Cut, paste, copy, crop the slides to create an abstract of your ideas that you can then talk to and through. WARNING: This is an ADVANCED powerpoint
abstraction  keynote  powerpoint  presentations  slides  statistics  chrisheathcote 
may 2008 by robertogreco
online data visualization talks - data visualization & visual design - information aesthetics
"several data visualization talks have been put online recently. if you are interested in this subject, be sure to check out following online recordings:"
visualization  presentations  design  data  information  video  towatch  lectures  datavisualization  statistics  stamendesign  ericrodenbeck 
may 2008 by robertogreco
[this is aaronland] Things I Went Home To Talk About - Talk To the Hands
"couple of proposals I had submitted for conferences had been turned down...in the end, I had the opportunity to give both presentations while I was in Montreal, at the beginning of the month...The Papernet and The API as Curator"
presentations  api  maps  mapping  location  paper  ideas  conceptual 
april 2008 by robertogreco
From Pixels to Plastic, Matt Webb - O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference 2007
"As the internet sensibility hits the stuff in our homes, our product world is undergoing a massive transformation. But once there, what will we build?" see slides and notes at: http://schulzeandwebb.com/2007/plastic/
mattwebb  etech  technology  presentations  design  web  internet  social  software  interaction  products  physical  objects  networking  fabrication  socialsoftware  interactiondesign  wow  hardware  usability  future  manufacturing  diy  make 
april 2008 by robertogreco
Bill Buxton's Bad Ass CHI 2008 Keynote | The Bolt | Peters and Ethnio Blog [see also Buxton's comments and links]
"Technologies are developed with the best of intentions, but they affect the very nature of our humanity." Proust: "The only true voyage of discovery is not to go to new places, but to have other eyes."
via:preoccupations  billbuxton  keynote  hci  chi2008  design  interface  technology  ui  ux  presentations  innovation  culture  society  change 
april 2008 by robertogreco
MOBIlearn Project - Home
"MOBIlearn is a worldwide European-led research and development project exploring context-sensitive approaches to informal, problem-based and workplace learning by using key advances in mobile technologies."
informallearning  learning  personallearning  mobile  phones  location-based  locative  location  ambient  pervasive  ubicomp  everyware  presentations  mikesharples  games  wireless 
april 2008 by robertogreco
Mike Sharples
"Professor of Learning Sciences & Director of Learning Sciences Research Institute at University of Nottingham. The focus of the LSRI is to explore theories and practices of learning and to design and evaluate novel learning technologies and environments.
informallearning  learning  personallearning  mobile  phones  location-based  locative  location  ambient  pervasive  ubicomp  everyware  presentations  mikesharples  e-learning 
april 2008 by robertogreco
SlideShare » Mike Sharple: Disruptive Mobile Learning, Evaluation Methods for Mobile Learning, Ambient Learning
"Professor of Learning Sciences & Director of Learning Sciences Research Institute at University of Nottingham. The focus of the LSRI is to explore theories and practices of learning and to design and evaluate novel learning technologies and environments.
informallearning  learning  personallearning  mobile  phones  location-based  locative  location  ambient  pervasive  ubicomp  everyware  presentations  mikesharples 
april 2008 by robertogreco
TeacherTube - How to create a great PowerPoint without breaking the law.
"A presentation from the eTech Ohio 2008 conference. The topics of the presentation are copyright law and how to create a great PowerPoint presentation."
copyright  design  flickr  legal  piracy  powerpoint  presentations  howto  law  tutorial  education  teaching 
april 2008 by robertogreco
School of Arts & Sciences - University of Pennsylvania
"Every spring and fall, SAS faculty take a minute out on Locust Walk to share their perspectives on topics ranging from human history and the knowable universe, to fractions and fly-fishing. While not every speaker makes it under the one-minute mark, they
academia  lectures  speed  education  video  culture  reference  history  science  presentations  language  learning  summary  entertainment  literature  arts  humor 
april 2008 by robertogreco
« earlier      
per page:    204080120160

Copy this bookmark:





to read