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If My AI Wrote this Post, Could I Own the Copyright? - The Scholarly Kitchen
In the most novel of cases, machine learning algorithms do not simply regurgitate the best compilation of the input, but instead generate a new outcome based on the training. Some have argued that by exposing the AI to the world of content to derive new approaches is most like how humans are exposed to art, reading, and cultural styles in developing their own voices. Some are concerned that machine reading is simply a way to ingest and utilize authors’ works without due compensation, particularly as the machine is generating new works based on original works.
(...)

In the Copyright Office’s Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices, released on 22 December, 2014, the Office stated that, “only works created by a human can be copyrighted under United States law, which excludes photographs and artwork created by animals or by machines without human intervention” and furthermore, “Because copyright law is limited to ‘original intellectual conceptions of the author,’ the [copyright] office will refuse to register a claim if it determines that a human being did not create the work. The Office will not register works produced by nature, animals, or plants.”  What is left open to wide interpretation is the role of human intervention. In the case of AI, so the argument goes, there is human intervention in the design of the algorithms, in their training, and in their post-algorithm curation.
IA  AI  copyright  propriété  intellectuelle  IP  droit  d'auteur  Todd  A  Carpenter 
7 weeks ago by sentinelle
International Publishers Association at WIPO's Standing Committee at Copyright
Those now seeking to exclude education from copyright need to answer the following question. When the world has finished reading for free all of the books and journals that exist today, who will pay for the production, curation and dissemination of the books and journals of tomorrow?”

Indeed, it appears now that there’s a bigger effort to stimulate movement toward an international copyright exception treaty than might be commonly understood. Bowes begins his opinion piece, “At last week’s Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) … many delegates asked for educational materials to be made copyright free.”
wipo  IPA  IP  exceptions  éducation 
july 2018 by sentinelle
Comment les industries culturelles peuvent tirer parti de la blockchain | Meta-media | La révolution de l'information
Il est aujourd’hui possible de prouver qu’une création est bien la sienne en l’enregistrant dans la blockchain. La date de création étant garantie par l’historique décentralisé, cela permet notamment de réduire les coûts liés à la protection et de réitérer ainsi l’opération en continu au fil des étapes du processus créatif. À cet avantage, s’ajoute celui de pouvoir faire valoir une protection internationale tout en étant le seul à connaître le contenu de ses documents. De nouveaux acteurs se sont d’ailleurs déjà emparés de cet usage à l’image de Blockchainyourip ou BandNameVault.
Rémunérer équitablement les œuvres

L'industrie musicale compte de nombreux litiges sur la paternité d’une œuvre. La blockchain pourrait permettre d’identifier tous les contributeurs et le travail qu’ils ont fourni. Une fois formalisées, ces métadonnées sont liées à un fichier audio. La mise en place d'un « smart contract » - un programme algorithmique établi au préalable et exécuté automatiquement par la blockchain - pourra ensuite permettre aux artistes concernés de percevoir la partie de la rémunération qui leur est dû en temps réel. La blockchain s’occupe alors de la redistribution et ce modèle peut être répliqué pour de nombreux types d’œuvres en intégrant des modalités de redistribution hautement plus complexes. Une fois le contrat établi, le coût opérationnel de cette redistribution est quasi-nul, car elle se passe d’intermédiaire. 
blockchain  IP  œuvres  culture  protection  JAAK  MUSE  SACEM  VOISE  fr 
february 2018 by sentinelle
Frankfurt Book Fair 2015: Mapping the Digital Future
For Tappuni, fan fiction is “a huge and vastly under-reported segment of the content industries. Some estimates suggest that a third of all content posted on Tumblr and Wattpad, for instance, is fan fiction. It is a parallel universe, where fans themselves take the brands, characters and stories they love, and remix them for themselves and their fan communities. It is also a sector that pays scant attention to copyright laws, apart from the kind of licensed fan fiction that Amazon has tried to kickstart with Kindle Worlds.” The way fan fiction takes a piece of IP, chops it up, plays with it, and distributes it over multiple networks and media, “is the kind of creative approach to content exploitation that we have been talking about with publishers for a very long time,” says Tappuni. “The possibilities opened up by digital media mean that the book is often only the beginning of the commercial life of a piece of IP. (...)"
IP  watermarking  fanfiction  droits-dérivés  BooXtream  KNKBusinessSoftware 
october 2015 by sentinelle
In Technology Wars, Using the Patent as a Sword - NYTimes.com
In the smartphone industry alone, according to a Stanford University analysis, as much as $20 billion was spent on patent litigation and patent purchases in the last two years — an amount equal to eight Mars rover missions. Last year, for the first time, spending by Apple and Google on patent lawsuits and unusually big-dollar patent purchases exceeded spending on research and development of new products, according to public filings.
patents  brevets  USA  IP  google  apple  poursuites  procès 
october 2012 by sentinelle
The Public Index (site entièrement consacré au Règlement Google) (angl.)
Welcome to the Public Index, a site to study and discuss the proposed Google Book Search settlement. Here, you can browse and annotate the proposed settlement, section-by-section. Just use the table of contents or the search box at the right to get started. In addition, you can:
* Study our reading room of lawsuit documents
* Join the conversation in our forums
* Draft an amicus brief to the court on the wiki
google  settlement  IP  library  online  Search  GBS  Grimmelmann 
july 2009 by sentinelle
Imagining the Internet
Scénario pour 2020 : à propos de la propriété intellectuelle. (Pew Internet Project)
IP  Drm  copyright  prospective 
december 2008 by sentinelle

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