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sentinelle : copyright   32

Authors Push Back Against "National Emergency Library"
The Authors Guild, along with hundreds of authors, agents, and publishers, have alleged that this site is infringing on their copyright. While the site does have many titles that are either in the public domain or they have permission to distribute, there are still many current, in-copyright titles that the site has not acquired any license to distribute. 
Internet  Archive  Authors  Guild  Coronavirus  Emergency  Library  auteurs  copyright  USA 
6 days ago by sentinelle
If My AI Wrote this Post, Could I Own the Copyright? - The Scholarly Kitchen
In the most novel of cases, machine learning algorithms do not simply regurgitate the best compilation of the input, but instead generate a new outcome based on the training. Some have argued that by exposing the AI to the world of content to derive new approaches is most like how humans are exposed to art, reading, and cultural styles in developing their own voices. Some are concerned that machine reading is simply a way to ingest and utilize authors’ works without due compensation, particularly as the machine is generating new works based on original works.

In the Copyright Office’s Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices, released on 22 December, 2014, the Office stated that, “only works created by a human can be copyrighted under United States law, which excludes photographs and artwork created by animals or by machines without human intervention” and furthermore, “Because copyright law is limited to ‘original intellectual conceptions of the author,’ the [copyright] office will refuse to register a claim if it determines that a human being did not create the work. The Office will not register works produced by nature, animals, or plants.”  What is left open to wide interpretation is the role of human intervention. In the case of AI, so the argument goes, there is human intervention in the design of the algorithms, in their training, and in their post-algorithm curation.
IA  AI  copyright  propriété  intellectuelle  IP  droit  d'auteur  Todd  A  Carpenter 
6 weeks ago by sentinelle
Could Lawsuit Settlements Be the Best Way to Solve Rights Data Problems? – Copyright and Technology
Copyright owners have long been at odds with tech companies and service providers over copyright-related issues. We’ve seen various different attempts to solve these problems across industries since the start of the “copyright wars” in the late 1990s, enough to have some idea of what works and what doesn’t. In rough terms, there are four types of solutions: private agreements, multi-stakeholder agreements, open standards initiatives, and government intervention (regulation or legislation). But now a fourth way has emerged in certain copyright situations: court-enforced lawsuit settlements. In some cases, these are turning out to be the most effective of all.
Settlement  copyright 
september 2017 by sentinelle
Près d'un quart des revenus des géants du net proviennent de contenus culturels (étude)
Cette étude a été commandée par le Gesac (Groupement Européen des Sociétés d'Auteurs et Compositeurs), relayé en France par la Sacem, la SPPF, la Scam, la Saif, l'Adami et la Spedidam.

Ces sociétés, qui collectent des droits d'auteurs, assurent que ces géants du net ne rémunèrent pas suffisamment les créateurs et les industries culturelles au regard de leurs gains.

Pour la Sacem, il s'agit de "rééquilibrer des rapports asymétriques", à l'heure où la Commission européenne planche sur une ambitieuse réforme du droit d'auteur. La Société des auteurs, compositeurs et éditeurs de musique estime par exemple que le streaming gratuit rémunère 18 fois moins les créateurs que le streaming payant.
étude  Scam  RolandBerger  copyright  droit  d'auteur  plateformes 
september 2016 by sentinelle
Google Is Ready to Support European Digital Innovation, Says Eric Schmidt - WSJ
BERLIN— Google chairman Eric Schmidt continued his company’s European charm offensive by telling a gathering in Berlin that the Silicon Valley giant was ready to support the digital innovation coming out of Europe, but that the Continent had to get to a single digital market or fall behind in global competitiveness. Mr. Schmidt called the current fragmentation of laws ranging from privacy, copyright to intellectual property across the 28 members of the European Union “crazy.” “There’s an old way and a new way; the new way is global and digital, the old way is local and proud, and there’s nothing wrong with it, but the old will be displaced,” he told the NOAH tech conference in the German capital. Europe’s shortage of skilled IT workers—he said that more than a million IT jobs won’t be filled by 2020—was threatening Europe’s development.
Schmidt  Google  li  europe  DSM  copyright  déclaration 
june 2015 by sentinelle
Government drops plans to reduce copyright terms | Museums Association
The government has abandoned plans to introduce a new law that would have reduced the term of copyright for some unpublished works The 2039 rule means that some unpublished works are protected by copyright in the UK until 2039. In 2013, parliament approved reducing this term to bring it in line with published works, and launched a six-week consultation with the sector. In a statement, the government said: “Although many respondents [to the consultation] were supportive of the government’s proposed measures, a number of respondents raised some concerns with the policy and its potential negative impact on owners of copyright works. “The government recognises these concerns and as a result has decided not to take action in this area at this time, but will instead seek further views from affected parties.” The decision to drop the plans has been criticised by the Libraries and Archives Copyright Alliance. Its chairwoman, Naomi Korn, said she was “deeply disappointed” by the decision.
UK  copyright  gouvernement  droit-d'auteur 
february 2015 by sentinelle
New copyright protections, risks | The Japan Times
Related industries and other parties have been calling for a revision of the law to provide for the rights of publishers in connection with the publication of digital books and distribution of digital content. The call eventually led to the enactment of a revised Copyright Law last April. Under the revised law, publishers can obtain the right to distribute copies of copyrighted products in the form of CD-ROMs and other digital media as well as through the Internet. These publishers will thus be able to directly take legal action to stop the sale of pirated CD-ROMs and other digital media or digital books, or to seek compensation from pirate publishers. This arrangement will help not only authorized publishers but also the copyright holders such as writers, composers, musicians and actors. Publishers and other parties should make efforts to enhance public awareness of the need to protect the rights of copyright holders and publishers. It will also be important for parties concerned to become familiar with the new system so that they will not get into legal trouble. Authors must be aware that if they award publishers the right to publish their works, the publishers will be able to publish both printed and digital books.
Japan  Japon  loi  copyright  édition-numérique  digital 
january 2015 by sentinelle
European Research Libraries Calls For Copyright Reform in New Position Paper | LJ INFOdocket
LIBER has set out its position on European copyright reform through a statement which prioritises three high-level principles. The principles are: Copyright should foster, not hinder, innovation and competitiveness. Access to and use of publicly funded research should not be unduly restricted by copyright. Preservation of, and access to, cultural heritage must be supported by copyright exceptions. Our Position Statement on Copyright in the Digital Age  (view online or as a PDF) is intended to help guide LIBER members in responding to the European Commission’s public consultation on the review of EU copyright rules. It highlights the areas where major reform is needed from the perspective of research libraries.
openaccess  droit-d'auteur  réforme  europe  copyright  recherche  innovation  libre-accès 
december 2013 by sentinelle
EUROPA - COMMUNIQUES DE PRESSE - Communiqué de presse - Copyright –Commission launches public consultation
The European Commission has today launched a public consultation as part of its on-going efforts to review and modernise EU copyright rules. The consultation invites stakeholders to share their views on areas identified in the Communication on Content in the Digital Single Market (IP/12/1394), i.e. territoriality in the Single Market, harmonisation, limitations and exceptions to copyright in the digital age; fragmentation of the EU copyright market; and how to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of enforcement while underpinning its legitimacy in the wider context of copyright reform. Internal Market and Services Commissioner Michel Barnier said: "My vision of copyright is of a modern and effective tool that supports creation and innovation, enables access to quality content, including across borders, encourages investment and strengthens cultural diversity. Our EU copyright policy must keep up with the times."
consultation  europe  copyright  Barnier  commission-européenne  li 
december 2013 by sentinelle
Supporting Copyright Reform - Creative Commons
Today Creative Commons released a policy statement expressing its support for copyright reform efforts around the world. Creative Commons (CC) has enabled a new approach to copyright licensing over the last ten years. CC licenses facilitate novel social, educational, technological, and business practices, and support productive relationships around networked knowledge and culture. We are dedicated stewards of our licenses and tools, and we educate users, institutions, and policymakers about the positive benefits of adopting CC licenses. Our licenses will always provide voluntary options for creators who wish to share their material on more open terms than current copyright systems allow. But the CC vision—universal access to research and education and full participation in culture—will not be realized through licensing alone.
position  statement  CreativeCommons  droit-auteur  copyright  réforme 
october 2013 by sentinelle
Google News switches German publishers to opt-in to avoid royalties from new copyright law - The Next Web
Google announced on Friday that it is changing its Google News service in Germany to have publishers opt in to the system in order to preemptively avoid an intellectual property law that was recently signed in the country.

Gerrit Rabenstein, Strategic Partner Development Manager for Google Germany, outed the news in an official blog post. The move marks a rare exception for the company, as Google states that all other countries will continue on with including content published openly on the Internet in the news service. Non-German publishers hoping to opt out will need to use a robot.txt file or notify Google directly.
allemagne  google  press  optin  copyright  googlenews 
june 2013 by sentinelle
US lawmakers plan sweeping review of copyright - Computerworld
IDG News Service - A key U.S. lawmaker has unveiled plans for a comprehensive review of the laws surrounding copyright in the United States to determine whether they are still relevant in the digital age.
Bob Goodlatte, a Virginia Republican and chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said Wednesday that his committee will begin its review in the coming months. When the review is finished, the committee could propose revisions to the current copyright law to help it better apply to an era where almost every citizen has become a publisher.
"There is little doubt that our copyright system faces new challenges today," he said, according to a transcript of remarks delivered at the Library of Congress. "The Internet has enabled copyright owners to make available their works to consumers around the world, but has also enabled others to do so without any compensation for copyright owners."
USA  copyright  law  réforme 
april 2013 by sentinelle
The Slow Death of the American Author -
LAST month, the Supreme Court decided to allow the importation and resale of foreign editions of American works, which are often cheaper than domestic editions. Until now, courts have forbidden such activity as a violation of copyright. Not only does this ruling open the gates to a surge in cheap imports, but since they will be sold in a secondary market, authors won’t get royalties..
This may sound like a minor problem; authors already contend with an enormous domestic market for secondhand books. But it is the latest example of how the global electronic marketplace is rapidly depleting authors’ income streams. It seems almost every player — publishers, search engines, libraries, pirates and even some scholars — is vying for position at authors’ expense.
turow  authors'guild  auteurs  usa  alarme  copyright  hathitrust  occasion  importation 
april 2013 by sentinelle
Annual License - Business
Annual Copyright License for Businesses
Companies thrive on the exchange of information, from research and industry news to workforce trends and legislation. The Annual Copyright License gives you and your colleagues the freedom to share content with each other while respecting the rights of copyright holders.

Share content from millions of journals, blogs, newspapers, e-books and more.
Exchange information through email, hard copies, collaboration tools and more.
Check your content usage rights in real-time.
Minimize your organization's copyright infringement risk.
Save money by reducing time spent pursuing permissions.
Copyright-Clearance-Center  Copyright  CCC 
october 2012 by sentinelle
Textbook Publisher Pearson Takes Down 1.5 Million Teacher And Student Blogs With A Single DMCA Notice | Techdirt
In case you don’t already know, we’re the folks not only behind this site and WPMU DEV, but also Edublogs… the oldest and second largest WordPress Multisite setup on the web, with, as of right now 1,451,943 teacher and student blogs hosted.

And today, our hosting company, ServerBeach, to whom we pay $6,954.37 every month to host Edublogs, turned off our webservers, without notice, less than 12 hours after issuing us with a DMCA email.

Because one of our teachers, in 2007, had shared a copy of Beck’s Hopelessness Scale with his class, a 20 question list, totalling some 279 words, published in 1974, that Pearson would like you to pay $120 for.
copyright  éducation  blogs  fermeture  Pearson  notification  DMCA 
october 2012 by sentinelle
Reforming Copyright Is Possible - The Chronicle Review - The Chronicle of Higher Education
As keynote speaker, Maria Pallante, register of copyrights, announced her intent to move forward with a legislative initiative to foster uses of so-called orphan works (those whose rights holders cannot be located after a diligent search), to update rules that allow libraries to make reasonable uses of in-copyright works, and to explore ways to enable mass digitization of works that are unavailable commercially. She and others noted that several countries have recently authorized large-scale mass-digitization projects. The French Parliament, for instance, has enacted a law to allow the national library to digitize out-of-commerce works—those no longer commercially available—in its collection.
droit_auteur  Loi  France  copyright  USA  numérisation  DPLA  indisponibles 
july 2012 by sentinelle
Letter to Emily White at NPR All Songs Considered. | The Trichordist
I’ve been teaching college students about the economics of the music business at the University of Georgia for the last two years. Unfortunately for artists, most of them share your attitude about purchasing music. There is a disconnect between their personal behavior and a greater social injustice that is occurring. You seem to have internalized that ripping 11,000 tracks in your iPod compared to your purchase of 15 CDs in your lifetime feels pretty disproportionate. You also seem to recognize that you are not just ripping off the record labels but you are directly ripping off the artist and songwriters whose music you “don’t buy”. It doesn’t really matter that you didn’t take these tracks from a file-sharing site. That may seem like a neat dodge, but I’d suggest to you that from the artist’s point of view, it’s kind of irrelevant.

Now, my students typically justify their own disproportionate choices in one of two ways. I’m not trying to set up a “strawman”, but I do have a lot of an
piratage  musique  p2p  copyright  free 
june 2012 by sentinelle
DRM is crushing indie booksellers online — paidContent
Maybe the only thing we didn’t worry about was major publishers telling us we could not sell their books. But that’s exactly what happened.

Publishers told us that if we did not have digital rights management (DRM) technology, they weren’t interested in letting us promote and sell their products. DRM is the set of technologies that encrypt and prevent the reproduction of e-book files. A new bricks and mortar bookstore, even the tiniest one, could have easily opened accounts with all the major distributors. But to sell electronic versions of those exact same books, publishers told us that you have to be a mega corporation. We were confused, and set about finding out why this counterintuitive business practice has taken root.
USA  indépendants  libraires  epub  DRM  copyright 
april 2012 by sentinelle
Quand Hadopi bouscule le droit d'auteur, vive Hadopi !
L'Hadopi, créée pour mettre en oeuvre la riposte graduée, a en effet publié mercredi un long questionnaire de 20 pages (.pdf) sur les exceptions au droit d'auteur et au droit voisin. Il est publié dans le cadre du chantier confié à l'ancien ministre Jacques Toubon et aux professeurs de droit Christophe Alleaume et Cécile Méadel.

"Le développement de nouvelles technologies, induisant de nouvelles utilisations des œuvres, (internet, réseaux sociaux, streaming, cloud, numérisation…) et brouillant la frontière entre usage privé et public remet en cause en profondeur un droit élaboré en partie pour un tout autre contexte, et insuffisamment adapté à ces nouvelles utilisations", écrit l'Hadopi en préambule.

Notamment, en droit français et européen, le principe est que toute exploitation d'une oeuvre qui n'est pas explicitement autorisée par les ayants droit est interdite, sauf dans des cas strictement délimités par la loi, appelées "exceptions".
FairUse  droit_auteur  droit  copyright  hadopi 
february 2012 by sentinelle
Pinterest not a pirate anymore, helps site owners disable pins | VentureBeat
The acts of “pinning” and “repinning” (re-sharing a pin created by another user) have come under fire, especially in photographer circles, as tools for copyright infringement. Members can easily grab copyrighted works from photo-sharing or media sites and clip them to their boards. Pinned images often include attribution, but sources later get lost in the shuffle, and some members go on to use images on their blogs or websites. Plus, considering that Google is the second most popular source of pins, a sizable percentage images are likely misattributed.

Now, Pinterest is providing website owners a simple snippet of code, located in the updated help section of the site, to help them nip unwanted sharing in the bud.

“We care about respecting the rights of copyright holders. We work hard to follow the DMCA procedure for acting quickly when we receive notices of claimed copyright infringement,” co-founder Ben Silbermann wrote in a blog post Wednesday.
copyright  social  media  pinterest 
february 2012 by sentinelle
Gallimard attaque François Bon pour contrefaçon | Une Vigie Rue89 Culture
Les éditions Gallimard réclament des dédommagements à François Bon pour a avoir mis en ligne sur son site, la semaine dernière sa propre traduction du « Vieil Homme et la mer », d'Ernest Hemingway. Il résume, sur Twitter : 
françois bon@fbon
Gallimard déclare la guerre à
17 Févr 12
D'après le courrier que les Editions Gallimard ont fait parvenir à tous les diffuseurs de ce livre numérique, celles-ci « sont propriétaires des droits d'édition (y compris des droits d'édition au format numérique) pour cet ouvrage », et « la publication et la commercialisation » en « constituent un acte de contrefaçon ». 

 L'auteur en a vendu 22 exemplaires. Il a fait paraître sa traduction du Vieil homme et la mer le 9 février dernier, estimant que, cinquante ans après son suicide le 2 juillet 1961, l'oeuvre d'Ernest Hemingway était tombée dans le domaine public aux Etats-Unis.

Mais aux Etats-Unis comme en France, rappelle, « les oeuvres sont protégées pendant 70 ans.
droits  copyright  Hemingway  Gallimard  Bon 
february 2012 by sentinelle
PA calls for one-stop-shop Digital Copyright Exchange | The Bookseller
The Publishers Association has called for the creation of a Digital Copyright Exchange  (DCE), which would act as a "one stop shop" for the exchange of information about how to license copyright online.
The PA has argued the online platform would negate the need for "dangerous" changes to copyright law proposed by the government in parallel consultation on copyright.
In a submission to the feasibility study into the DCE, which closes today (10th February), the PA urged government to suspend progress of the parallel Copyright Consultation launched by the Intellectual Property Office late last year, which recommends "drastically weakening" copyright. The body thinks the proposals would remove or undermine the ability of rightsholders to develop licensing business models, and "go against the grain" of the market-based voluntary arrangements proposed in the DCE.
échange  plateforme  copyright  UK  PA 
february 2012 by sentinelle
Publishers Grapple With Thorny Issues of Protecting Property and Going Digital - Publishing - The Chronicle of Higher Education
Collaborate and share—but protect your copyrights. That was the sometimes conflicting message heard at the Association of American University Presses' annual meeting, which ended here on Sunday. Many of the sessions and conversations took a digital turn, too, as attendees compared notes on how to acquire, produce, and market scholarly e-books and journals.

More than 700 scholarly-publishing professionals registered for the meeting, making it one of the association's largest ever. (About 500 people signed up for last year's conference in Salt Lake City.)

The official theme was "The Next Wave: Toward a Culture of Collaboration.
université  édition_numérique  propriété_intellectuelle  copyright  numérique 
june 2011 by sentinelle
The Amazon Kindle Swindle - Authors: People Are Stealing Your Work!
Did you know that your copyrighted work (which took you months or years to write) might right now be sitting on and being sold as a Kindle ebook by some charlatan - and may be sold under your name! But the money is going to someone named Mingfeng Lai or other aliases.

And, worse, Amazon is doing nothing about it but pocketing the money from such sales!

It's already happened to a number of authors!

Ernie Zelinski has already discovered three of his books being resold as Kindle ebooks by people who have stolen his content. Mingfeng Lai is selling Career Success Without a Real Job and Retire Happy, Wild, and Free for 99 cents. Amazingly, the faux author describes the book as being written by Ernie Zelinski but lists himself as the author.
Amazon  auteurs  copyright  vol  Zelinsky  ebooks 
may 2011 by sentinelle
Simon & Schuster Issues Digital Piracy Policy - 9/16/2009 3:35:00 PM - Publishers Weekly
"S&S acknowledged that copyright enforcement of online piracy “is by its very nature an imperfect science. But as the potential for this kind of behavior is amplified in the digital world, keeping our content secure, enforcing our copyrights, and creating a robust marketplace for easily accessible, reasonably priced content will be the pillars upon which we build our future as a digital publisher."
simon&schuster  piratage  piracy  copyright  policy 
september 2009 by sentinelle
Peter Suber, Open Access News
"... In Japan, the Copyright Law was revised June 12, enabling the National Diet Library to digitize its books. The fiscal 2009 supplementary budget allocates ¥12.6 billion for digitizing about 920,000 titles or about one-fourth the books owned by the library in one to two years' time.

But the National Diet Library has to negotiate with copyright holders and publishing houses on the extent to which the digitized titles should be made available. The publishing industry fears that if the titles go online, the industry will suffer. As the Diet library director Mr. Makoto Nagao said, the library and the publishing industry should create a system that will enable their coexistence and co-prosperity, and contribute to enhancing Japan's cultural level."
Japan  library  numérisation  copyright  Japon  bibliohèque  NDL 
august 2009 by sentinelle
App Store rejections tied to third party rights infringements (angl.)
"(...) Apple has begun rejecting all e-book submissions because "this category of applications is often used for the purpose of infringing upon third party rights. We have chosen to not publish this type of application to the App Store." At first glance, this policy seems in line with Apple's approach to applications that promise charitable contributions. Apple cannot police the developers and will not allow possibly fraudulent postings on their store. Apple does not want to be in the position of vetting rights claims."
apple  appStore  ebooks  iphone  iTouch  copyright 
august 2009 by sentinelle
In Defense of Google Books | Green Business | Reuters (angl.)
"Right now, though, it's not Google that's standing in the way of the advance of human knowledge. It's the Google bashers. Folks like Darnton might be worried about the effects that concentrating power in Google's hands will have on public access to books, but ask yourself this: In the past decade, who has done more for public access to knowledge. Harvard? Or Google? If you want to pick sides in this debate, that's what really tells you everything you need know."
google  books  business  copyright  ebooks  GBS  googlebooks  settlement 
june 2009 by sentinelle
There Will Be Disintermediation « Black Plastic Glasses
"While Michael’s (Michael Healy, qui dirige le Registre créé par le Règlement Google ) efforts over time will lead to a cleaner and clearer understanding of who owns what, it won’t fix the inherent problem. The works in question will have competing rights holders for a variety of versions. Few will have clear electronic rights ownership, and few if none will have a single entity that controls all versions. This is the key to enabling the kind of content access that is needed for Generation On-Demand, and this is what is missing across the board. This problem is beyond enormous – it is basically one that cannot be fixed. There is no short term or mid term gain for any parties involved with IP contracts to fix this problem and you cannot fix something if the parties involved don’t see their goals as being aligned."
droit_auteur  droits_numériques  GBS  settlement  Authors'guild  copyright  propriété_intellectuelle 
may 2009 by sentinelle
The Fight over the Google of All Libraries: A FAQ | Epicenter (angl.)
"It’s also the story of one company’s attempt to create the largest and most comprehensive library in the history of the world. Here’s’s guide through the thicket of the Google Book Search Settlement."
books  google  libraries  publishing  technology  copyright  GBS  googlebooks  settlement 
may 2009 by sentinelle
Disability Access Activists Gather to Protest Kindle DRM | Electronic Frontier Foundation (angl.)
Manifestations de personnes aveugles ou mal-voyantes devant le siège de la Author's Guild. Cette dernière a obtenu d'Amazon que la disponibilité de la fonction de synthèse vocale incluse sur le Kindle 2 puisse être désactivée par DRM, selon la volonté des ayants-droit d'un livre.
"Yesterday, hundreds of people gathered in front of the headquarters of The Authors Guild in New York City to protest the removal of text-to-speech capabilities in Amazon's new Kindle 2 ebook device."
copyright  kindle  ebooks  protest  text-to-speech  amazon 
april 2009 by sentinelle
Imagining the Internet
Scénario pour 2020 : à propos de la propriété intellectuelle. (Pew Internet Project)
IP  Drm  copyright  prospective 
december 2008 by sentinelle

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