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Life and death during the Great Depression | PNAS
Recent events highlight the importance of examining the impact of economic downturns on population health. The Great Depression of the 1930s was the most important economic downturn in the U.S. in the twentieth century. We used historical life expectancy and mortality data to examine associations of economic growth with population health for the period 1920–1940. We conducted descriptive analyses of trends and examined associations between annual changes in health indicators and annual changes in economic activity using correlations and regression models. Population health did not decline and indeed generally improved during the 4 years of the Great Depression, 1930–1933, with mortality decreasing for almost all ages, and life expectancy increasing by several years in males, females, whites, and nonwhites. For most age groups, mortality tended to peak during years of strong economic expansion (such as 1923, 1926, 1929, and 1936–1937). In contrast, the recessions of 1921, 1930–1933, and 1938 coincided with declines in mortality and gains in life expectancy. The only exception was suicide mortality which increased during the Great Depression, but accounted for less than 2% of deaths. Correlation and regression analyses confirmed a significant negative effect of economic expansions on health gains. The evolution of population health during the years 1920–1940 confirms the counterintuitive hypothesis that, as in other historical periods and market economies, population health tends to evolve better during recessions than in expansions.
history  Great_depression 
9 hours ago
Isabel Behncke: "The panic to contagion, to the infectious, is one of our most atavistic fears" - La Tercera
Chilean primatologist Isabel Behncke, eminent for her research in the Congo on the social behavior of bonobos, says that evolutionary biology can help us understand both the causes of the pandemic and how we react to it. A doctorate at Oxford and today a member of the UDD's Center for Social Complexity Research, Behncke proposes facing the crisis with an “ecologist's eye”. It would help us to think better - and to moralize less - about the sacrifices we must choose to mitigate different sources of suffering
NCov  ecology 
9 hours ago
A tactile 3D display, created with sound - YouTube
wow, this is the kind of thing that could be our future in display technologies...
display  tactile 
yesterday
Bentley, Curry & Jones – Wheat and the Future of Human Food Systems – CRASSH
diversifying the crop and diversifying the crop processing systems machines and the like
food 
3 days ago
Editorial Visions | Lapham’s Quarterly
in the good old days, magazines were the only intl marketing channel, 'cause newspapers and radio are more local based
magazine 
5 days ago
正午故事(NoonStory)团队已被解散,全... 来自叶三 - 微博
“正午故事(NoonStory)”团队已被解散,全部社交账号移交界面公司。故在此与大家告别。感谢各位同事和读者朋友们。幸会了
7 days ago
Screen | Home
Brainstorm like you’re in the same room

Whiteboarding has never been easier. Doodle together at anytime, even from a smartphone or tablet.

Simple. Fast. And you’ll never need to worry about dried-out markers.
croquet  collaboration 
8 days ago
Frontiers | Dancing in the dark: no role for consciousness in action control | Psychology
the true impact of consciousness on the control of our actions may be more indirect and more socially mediated than common sense has it.
consciousness 
11 days ago
Jean-Claude Biver: “My ego has been satisfied for quite some time” - YouTube
the employees got one thousand francs for their mistakes...
making them ready to share their failure...
failosophy 
11 days ago
Jean Claude Biver: Leaving a Lasting Leadership Legacy - YouTube
20 years of learning;
20 years of doing;
20 years of giving back
11 days ago
转载——甘琦:记美国独立出版人安德列·西弗林
换言之,出版人的工作就是:发现新作者,使他们经典化,继续发现新作者。如此,以一份自给自足的生意,而能为人类整体催生和保育文化创造力和精神价值,这令出版具有非同寻常的职业满足感。由此不难解释,为什么在八十年代之前两三百年的时间里,欧美出版业的年利润率只有3%—4%,甚至低于银行存款利息,而出版人仍能乐在其中。当然更不难解释,为什么出版被称作“绅士的生意”,因为它的初衷就不是为了赚钱。

当出版业进入以管理为中心的时代,出版人不必再是饱读诗书的人,也不再富有对于大众的启蒙使命。读者想看什么就应该提供什么, 市场才是检验图书成功与否的试金石,出版业和其他行业不再有什么不同,书就是商品,追求利润天经地义。被其他行业普遍采用的管理技术,如严格划分产品类别、追求规模效益等,无一例外都该应用于图书生产,绩效考核则以盈亏表上的数字说话。如果有些书卖得多,那必然是对的。如果集团化是大势所趋,当然是只能进不能退。
publishing 
11 days ago
Corporate Socialism: The Government is Bailing Out Investors & Managers Not You
Furthermore, some people claim that the pandemic is a “Black Swan”, hence something unexpected so not planning for it is excusable. The book they commonly cite is The Black Swan (by one of us). Had they read that book, they would have known that such a global pandemic is explicitly presented there as a white swan: something that would eventually take place with great certainty. Such acute pandemic is unavoidable, the result of the structure of the modern world; and its economic consequences would be compounded because of the increased connectivity and overoptimization. As a matter of fact, the government of Singapore, whom we advised in the past, was prepared for such an eventuality with a precise plan since as early as 2010.
12 days ago
因巴西政府不作为,黑帮发布通告,将由他们在里约...
> Gangs in the Rio de Janeiro favelas have enforced a lockdown from 8pm tonight. The statement reads:" If the government won't do the right thing, organized crime will"
NCov 
14 days ago
The chemical basis of morphogenesis | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
我们周遭的这一切,都不是随机没有规律的混乱,而是处处都充满了规律,只等待有心人去发现
AlanTuring 
14 days ago
科学网—《中国南瓜史》序 - 曾雄生的博文
因为有了南瓜这种作物,使人们担心的“死人与活人争地”的土葬对于农地的占用限缩至最小,使坟堆有了生态和生产功能,而南瓜也借助于坟头这种特殊的农地得以生长、结实。这不是笔者老家江西特有的现象。在华北的农村,“凡房基空地,田地边沿等处,都要种上些,以便自己吃着方便。平时只掐尖、对花、压蔓等等,没有其他重要工作,无碍农忙。”[5]也就是说,南瓜不与粮棉等大宗农作物争田争地,又无碍农忙。极大地提高土地和劳力的利用率,增加食物供给,为养活数量众多的中国人口做出了巨大的贡献。
history  agriculture  曾雄生 
14 days ago
How to cook pasta best? Time it! | ThermoWorks
To make pasta that really sings, you have to take the sauce into account. For most sauces, including tomato and cream sauces, it’s best to finish cooking the pasta in the sauce. Set your Extra Big and Loud Timer for one minute less than your target time. Have your sauce simmering on the stove, ready to use when the timer goes off. Grab a measuring cup and dip out a cup or so of pasta water from the pasta pot and set it aside. Drain your pasta and add it to the sauce.

Add about a half cup of pasta water to the sauce and start to stir the pasta together with the sauce rather vigorously over high heat. Cook until the sauce isn’t runny and it clings to the noodles.

Why add pasta water? When you add the pasta water to the sauce, you bring some of that freed starch from the pasta. That starch will thicken the sauce naturally, just like adding corn or potato starch to a sauce will. As you stir the pasta itself into the sauce, you will also agitate more starches off the noodles, adding them to the thickening equation. And as the pasta continues to cook and starches continue to gel, the water that will be available to the pasta will be sauce, and it will actually absorb the flavors of the sauce into the noodles themselves. Done properly, this will yield a silky- textured sauce that clings gently to the noodles. Top it with Parmigiano or Pecorino cheese and you will have a plate of pasta that cost you 78¢, but would cost you $12 at a fine Italian restaurant.
pasta 
17 days ago
Fruit from the Sands by Robert N. Spengler III - Hardcover - University of California Press
The foods we eat have a deep and often surprising past. From almonds and apples to tea and rice, many foods that we consume today have histories that can be traced out of prehistoric Central Asia along the tracks of the Silk Road to kitchens in Europe, America, China, and elsewhere in East Asia. The exchange of goods, ideas, cultural practices, and genes along these ancient routes extends back five thousand years, and organized trade along the Silk Road dates to at least Han Dynasty China in the second century BC. Balancing a broad array of archaeological, botanical, and historical evidence, Fruit from the Sands presents the fascinating story of the origins and spread of agriculture across Inner Asia and into Europe and East Asia. Through the preserved remains of plants found in archaeological sites, Robert N. Spengler III identifies the regions where our most familiar crops were domesticated and follows their routes as people carried them around the world. With vivid examples, Fruit from the Sands explores how the foods we eat have shaped the course of human history and transformed cuisines all over the globe.
food 
17 days ago
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