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University of Oxford, Saïd Business School: Institute for Science, Innovation and Society
The Institute for Science, Innovation and Society (formerly the James Martin Institute for Science and Civilization) focuses on research, policy development and teaching programmes which provide new approaches to understanding technological and social change.
sts  science  technology  society  innovation  academic-center  school(Oxford) 
july 2009
Chris Martenson | chapters - The Crash Course - chapters, Crash Course, Economy, Energy, environment, Peak Oil, videos
The Crash Course seeks to provide you with a baseline understanding of the economy so that you can better appreciate the risks that we all face.
economics  video 
july 2009
Mesa Redonda sobre Patrimonio Intelectual y Conocimiento Libre - Jean Claude Guedón (Argumento)
Open Access and the divide between “mainstream” and “peripheral” science
Jean-Claude Guédon
Université de Montréal
intellectual-property  copyright  periphery  science  publishing  open-access  open-science 
july 2009
‘The Greatest Liar’ : CJR
Reflections on A Journal of the Plague Year by Daniel Defoe.
about(DanielDefoe)  non-fiction  journalism  history 
july 2009
Shelby Steele -- Affirmative Action Doesn't Solve the Real Problem
Affirmative action has always been more about the restoration of legitimacy to American institutions than the uplift of blacks and other minorities. For 30 years after its inception, no one even bothered to measure its effectiveness in minority progress. Advocates of racial preferences tried to prove that these policies actually helped minorities only after 1996, when California's Proposition 209 banned racial preferences in all state institutions, scaring supporters across the country.
affirmative-action  race  racism  policy  guilt  institutions  history  america 
july 2009
"Should Copyright Of Academic Works Be Abolished?" | Berkman Center
The conventional rationale for copyright of written works, that copyright is needed to foster their creation, is seemingly of limited applicability to the academic domain. For in a world without copyright of academic writing, academics would still benefit from publishing in the major way that they do now, namely, from gaining scholarly esteem.
copyright  intellectual-property  academic  publishing 
july 2009
Emergent
emergentTM (a major rewrite of PDP ) is a comprehensive simulation environment for creating complex, sophisticated models of the brain and cognitive processes using neural network models. These same networks can also be used for all kinds of other more pragmatic tasks, like predicting the stock market or analyzing data.
science  complexity  neuralnetworks  software  open-source  open-science  simulation 
july 2009
Main Page - VisTrailsWiki
VisTrails is an open-source scientific workflow and provenance management system developed at the University of Utah that provides support for data exploration and visualization.
software  open-source  science  open-science  workflow  visualization  data-curation  data-exploration 
july 2009
Stumbling and Mumbling: Markets in public services
The issue, then, is not so much one of principle as empirics: what is the educational production function? To what extent is a good school scalable? The thing is, AFAIK (I’d welcome corrections) there’s not much hard evidence here
economics  ideology  education  scale 
july 2009
Unlocking the Mysteries of The Artistic Mind | Psychology Today
What's surprising is that such distortions often make it easier for us to decipher what we're looking at, particularly when they're executed by a master. Studies show we're able to recognize visual parodies of people—like a cartoon portrait of Richard Nixon—faster than an actual photograph.
art  aesthetics  biology  evolution  evolutionary-psychology  visual  perception  instinct  psychology 
july 2009
Open Left:: Blended Spaces--Making Sense of Partial Perceptions Of Obama
There is, I think, a very good argument to be made that Obama should be seen as similar to Tony Blair. Blair's argument was that Labor could do a better job of implementing the Tory agenda than the Tories could themselves. This was actually the same argument that Eisenhower made regarding the New Deal. And while Obama's political ideology makes him almost Blair's doppelganger, it's the example of Eisenhower that is most revealing, because Eisenhower was a Republican President in a Democratic era, who was elected as a war hero, not for his politics.
about(BarackObama)  politics  liberal  framing  progressive  infrastructure  instinct  intellect  about(GeorgeLakoff) 
july 2009
Apperceptual
Peter D. Turney
Institute for Information Technology
National Research Council Canada
weblog-individual  ai  computer-science  language  linguistics  machine  learning 
july 2009
Obfuscating Inequality « The Baseline Scenario
Will Wilkinson has gotten a lot of Internet love for his article “Thinking Clearly About Economic Inequality”, which argues that increasing inequality is not as bad as people like Paul Krugman make it out to be. I thought it was a rhetorically clever but deeply misleading attempt to blur the obvious issue – economic inequality is increasing – by looking at it through a dizzying array of qualifying lenses.
economics  equality  income-distribution  income  hedonism  conservative  free-markets  ideology 
july 2009
Why markets can’t cure healthcare - Paul Krugman Blog - NYTimes.com
One of the most influential economic papers of the postwar era was Kenneth Arrow’s Uncertainty and the welfare economics of health care, which demonstrated — decisively, I and many others believe — that health care can’t be marketed like bread or TVs. Let me offer my own version of Arrow’s argument.
markets  economics  health  medicine  insurance  policy  government  incentives 
july 2009
After Peak Finance: Larry Summers’ Bubble « The Baseline Scenario
There are three kinds of “bubbles” - a term often used loosely when asset prices rise a great deal and then fall sharply, without an obvious corresponding shift in “fundamentals“.
finance  economics  bubble  recession  classification 
july 2009
The Way We Live Now - The New Joblessness - NYTimes.com
The U.S. economy is not only shedding jobs at a record rate
economics  unemployment  labor  jobs  work  recession  abnormal 
july 2009
Knowledge Rules » Blog Archive » Paideia 2.0
the core activities of knowledge production and transmission – research and teaching – are subjected to an inverse trend, as the pervasive use of ICTs allows for the rapid Taylorization of these activities.
academia  labor  technology-effects 
july 2009
Current Controversies: Ian Hacking | Forum
Are the direct-to-consumer online genome services forging a new technology of the self?
philosophy  genetics  identity 
july 2009
Oxford University Press: Cultural Studies and Cultural Value: John Frow
Cultural studies has generally organized itself around the opposition of high to low culture, reversing the traditional hierarchy of value, but leaving intact the polarity and the direct correlation of culture and class. Through detailed readings of the work of Pierre Bourieu, Michel de Certeau, Stuart Hall, and Ernesto Laclau, John Frow challenges this key assumption. He argues that the field of culture now has multiple centers and multiple domains of value and that these are irreducible to a single scale. Intellectuals play the crucial role in the mediation of the cultural field
book  publisher  cultural-theory 
july 2009
BeyondTalk.net
December 7-18, 2009, the world's leaders will meet in Copenhagen to decide what to do about climate change.
global-warming  activism 
july 2009
Bogost, Levi, McLuhan « Object-Oriented Philosophy
Marshall and Eric McLuhan’s Laws of Media ...This book develops a “tetrad” or fourfold structure of all media. Every medium enhances, obsolesces, retrieves, and reverses
media  about(MarshallMcLuhan)  mediation 
july 2009
The Structure of Possibility « Larval Subjects .
Of particular interest and importance, I think, is Dennett’s analysis of possibility. Dennett distinguishes between four grades of possibility: logical, physical, biological, and historical possibility.
philosophy  possibility  ontology  biology 
july 2009
The Heroic Theory of Scientific Development « Apperceptual
Multiple Discovery is a very thorough study of independent simultaneous discovery in the history of science and technology. It seems that there is almost no instance of a great discovery or invention that was not discovered independently and simultaneously. In addition to a careful historical study, Lamb and Easton present a theory to explain multiple discovery, which they call evolutionary realism.
sts  science  history  discovery  multiple 
july 2009
ANTHEM
The ANTHEM blog is the public face of ANTHEM, the “Actor-Network Theory — Heidegger Meeting,” a gathering of human and nonhuman actors that are interested in both actor-network theory and the work of Martin Heidegger, as well as the relationship and controversies between the two.
weblog-group  philosophy  about(MartinHeidegger)  about(BrunoLatour) 
july 2009
Philosophers' Imprint: A Theory of Wrongful Exploitation
My primary aims in this paper are to explain what exploitation is, when it’s wrong, and what makes it wrong. I argue that exploitation is not always wrong, but that it can be, and that its wrongness cannot be fully explained with familiar moral constraints such as those against harming people, coercing them, or using them as a means, or with familiar moral obligations such as an obligation to rescue those in distress or not to take advantage of people’s vulnerabilities. Its deepest wrongness, I argue, lies in our moral obligation not to extract excessive benefits from people who cannot, or cannot reasonably, refuse our offers.
exploitation  philosophy  ethics 
july 2009
The Unreliability of Naive Introspection - Eric Schwitzgebel
We are prone to gross error, even in favorable circumstances of extended reflection, about our own ongoing conscious experience, our current phenomenology. Even in this apparently privileged domain, our self-knowledge is faulty and untrustworthy. We are not simply fallible at the margins but broadly inept. Examples highlighted in this essay include: emotional experience (for example, is it entirely bodily
introspection  philosophy  bias  mistakes 
july 2009
University of the People > Home
University of the People (UoPeople) is the world’s first tuition-free, online academic institution dedicated to the global advancement and democratization of higher education.
open-education  education  e-learning  online  oer 
july 2009
Joho the Blog » Transparency is the new objectivity
In fact, transparency subsumes objectivity. Anyone who claims objectivity should be willing to back that assertion up by letting us look at sources, disagreements, and the personal assumptions and values supposedly bracketed out of the report.
objectivity  transparency  media  philosophy  internet  culture 
july 2009
Sing your own lullaby: meaning theories
10 short sentences on different theories of meaning.
philosophy  meaning  theory 
july 2009
Stumbling and Mumbling: Being on the left
This optimism about human nature, however, seems to coexist with a pessimism about the scope for institutional change....This “human nature-optimism, institution-pessimism” is, if anything (and to simplify), the mirror image of my view.
leftism  future  institutions  human-nature  change  possibility 
july 2009
OpenLeft
"Open Left is a project aimed at renewing the thinking and ideas of the political Left. We seek an open conversation across the Left about the kind of society we want and how we can best bring it about." - by Demos in London.
leftism  liberal  politics  progressivism 
july 2009
slacktivist: TF: Bruce's sermon, part 2
And if God has to kill you to get your attention, then he'll kill you until you listen. If he has to kill everyone on earth until they all accept that he is not willing that any should perish, then that is what God will do. Because he's all about the love. And Bruce urges you to appreciate that love -- or else.
religion  evangelical  left-behind-books 
july 2009
anotherheideggerblog: Interview with Levi R. Bryant
Today we interview Levi R. Bryant, author of Difference and Givenness: Deleuze’s Transcendental Empiricism and the Ontology of Immanence and co-editor (along with Graham Harman and Nick Srnicek of the forthcoming The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and Realism. Many of you will also know Levi from his excellent blog Larval Subjects.
interview  philosophy  psychology  psychoanalysis  speculative-realism 
july 2009
The Long Now Blog » Blog Archive » Putting the World’s Languages on the Map
One attempt is LL-Map, shown here. This project, funded by the National Science Foundation, is working to integrate many different geo-linguistic factors into a single digital map interface.
mapping  languages  gis 
july 2009
Remote Microscopy: Mobile Imaging for Disease Diagnosis | Blum Center for Developing Economies, UC Berkeley
The CellScope project focuses on the development of a modular, high-magnification microscope attachment for cell phones. Due to its portability, affordability and functionality, the CellScope will enable health workers in remote areas to take high-resolution images of a patient's blood cells using the mobile phone's camera, and then transmit the photos to experts at medical centers.
technology  development  cell-phone  microscope  biology  poverty  open-science 
july 2009
elearningpost » Stories that inspire action
Summary of Interactions article: 4 categories for stories - s of fact, contradiction, possibility and revolution, fear and anxiety.
story-telling  story  business  genre 
july 2009
Interrogating media - elearnspace
Some key questions on media/technology evaluation from Neil Postman, and Marshall McLuhan
media  media-studies  technology  technology-critique  sts  evaluation  methods 
july 2009
When Falls the Coliseum
Welcome to When Falls the Coliseum: a journal of American culture (or lack thereof). This site can best be described as a conversation about America. A sometimes loud conversation. An often funny one.
online  journal  commentary  publisher  magazine 
july 2009
Irreplaceable data : The Book of Trogool
A hierarchy of needs for data-curation: acquisition, physical medium, bitrot, format viability, usability, fidelity to original.
data-curation  data-collection  scholarly-communication  preservation  archive 
july 2009
Technology Review: Blogs: arXiv blog: The Surprisingly Complex Art of Cake Cutting
The problem is this: how do you cut a cake and divide it fairly among n people when each person may have a different opinion of the value of each piece?
mathematics  arxiv 
july 2009
OnTheCommons.org » Art, God and Copyright
Two examples of copyright and religion in conflict: Indonesian batik designers, and sermon sharing sites.
copyright  intellectual-property  religion  culture  commons 
july 2009
Jupiter gets another cosmic punch, shows new bruise - Ars Technica
Over the weekend, Jupiter was apparently struck by an unknown object, probably a comet or an asteroid. The discovery was made by Anthony Wesley in Australia, an amateur astronomer well-known in both the amateur and professional astronomy communities.
astronomy  planetary  Jupiter  photography  amateur 
july 2009
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