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Jacobi Daniel
"Daniel Jacobi est professeur des universités (CE). Il est chercheur dans le laboratoire Culture
people  academic  french  communication  media  sts  science 
june 2011
PUG : La Communication scientifique - Discours, figures, modèles - De Daniel Jacobi (EAN13 : 9782706108223)
"Qu'est-ce que la communication scientifique et comment fonctionne-t-elle ? Ce volume propose de revenir sur la question de l'efficacité de la communication, non pas pour trancher ce débat, mais pour mieux le comprendre et en saisir la complexité et les enjeux. À cet effet, ont été réunies des recherches, toutes conduites sur des docume"
book  publisher  sts  science  communication  media  french 
june 2011
The Futurist Interviews the authors of The Techno-Human Condition | World Future Society
"Technology is progressing, but is society? Arizona State University engineer Braden Allenby and Arizona State science and society professor Dan Sarewitz, authors of The Techno-Human Condition, worry about humanity’s capacities to keep up with innovation. The authors (speaking separately) discuss their book and their concerns during this interview with Rick Docksai, a staff editor for THE FUTURIST. "
book  interview  technology  technology-effects  sts 
june 2011
Quantum computing for the determined | Michael Nielsen
"I’ve posted to YouTube a series of 22 short videos giving an introduction to quantum computing. Here’s the first video:

Below I list the remaining 21 videos, which cover subjects including the basic model of quantum computing, entanglement, superdense coding, and quantum teleportation.

To work through the videos you need to be comfortable with basic linear algebra, and with assimilating new mathematical terminology. If you’re not, working through the videos will be arduous at best! Apart from that background, the main prerequisite is determination, and the willingness to work more than once over material you don’t fully understand."
video  quantum  computing  science  education  mathematics  physics  open-access 
june 2011
Radical Open Access in the Humanities | Scholarly Communication Program
"Discover why open access is not only a viable option for the humanities, but a revolutionary one. Though more widely recognized in the sciences, open access publishing is well established in the humanities and continues to break new ground. Open Humanities Press co-founder Gary Hall considers open access initiatives in the humanities and discuss their implications for our notions of academic authorship, the book, content creation, and publication. Gary Hall is a professor of Media and Performing Arts at Coventry University and author of Digitize This Book!: The Politics of New Media, or Why We Need Open Access Now. He is co-founder of the Open Humanities Press (OHP), founding co-editor of the open access journal Culture Machine, and editor of the OHP series Liquid Books."
video  lecture  humanities  open-access 
june 2011
Which technologies get better faster?
"Some forms of technology — think, for example, of computer chips — are on a fast track to constant improvements, while others evolve much more slowly. Now, a new study by researchers at MIT and other institutions shows that it may be possible to predict which technologies are likeliest to advance rapidly, and therefore may be worth more investment in research and resources."
technology  technology-cycles  evolution  complexity  growth  efficiency 
june 2011
100 Year Starship Study
"DARPA is seeking ideas for an organization, business model and approach appropriate for a self-sustaining investment vehicle in support of the 100 Year Starship Study. The 100 Year Starship Study is a project seeded by DARPA to develop a viable and sustainable model for persistent, long-term, private-sector investment into the myriad of disciplines needed to make long-distance space travel practicable and feasible. "
space  science  funding  private  industry  government  darpa 
june 2011
The Second Pass
Review of On Growth and Form by D'Arcy Thompson
book  review  evolution  mathematics  history  sts  science 
june 2011
Marketing for Scientists
Marketing for Scientists is a Facebook group, a blog, a workshop, and a book (coming out on Island Press in the fall of 2011) devoted to helping scientists learn these tools and adapt to changing times.
science  communication  marketing  popular  popularize  expertise 
june 2011
Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Home  About IODPAbout IODP  The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) is an international marine research program that explores Earth's history and structure recorded in seafloor sediments and rocks, and monitors subseafloor environments. IODP builds upon the earlier successes of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), which revolutionized our view of Earth history and global processes through ocean basin exploration. IODP greatly expands the reach of these previous programs by using multiple drilling platforms, including riser, riserless, and mission-specific, to achieve its scientific goal.
oceanography  oceans  science  collaboration  international  project  big-science  environment  earth-science 
june 2011
Mathematical Platonism | Philosophy Now
If one ‘goes Platonic’ with math, one has to face several important philosophical consequences, perhaps the major one being that the notion of physicalism goes out the window.
philosophy  mathematics  objects  metaphysics  physical 
june 2011
Value judgements : Nature : Nature Publishing Group
"Instead, researchers and, especially, their funders must embrace the idea that public and stakeholder participation can help to define research priorities. And they must do more to track and communicate all outcomes. Policy-makers need to ensure that those with direct needs for climate-related information — businesses, regional planners, government departments — have a greater say in the kind of services and knowledge that they expect publicly funded researchers to produce, and in assuring the quality and relevance of what is delivered."
science  research  public-understanding  public  decision  values 
june 2011
Many agree, none act: to ease untold misery, legalise drugs | Peter Wilby | Comment is free | The Guardian
"But it goes, I think, even deeper than that. Control of drugs is deeply embedded in the DNA of modern government. The criminalisation of drug use, in the west at least, is almost entirely a 20th-century development. Laudanum, a tincture of opium, was in common use in Victorian England and Coca-Cola, invented in 1886, contained cocaine until 1903. No US state banned cannabis until 1915 and it remained legal in England until the 1920s, as did heroin and cocaine. The rise of conscript armies and Fordist mass production prompted the change, briefly affecting alcohol – the US took the first steps towards prohibition during the first world war – along with other drugs. Nobody wanted a drowsy numbness to overcome men marching into battle or clocking onto the production line."
drugs  policy  legal  law  regulation  failure 
june 2011
NCAR / SIP The Societal Impacts Program
"The Collaborative Program on the Societal Impacts and Economic Benefits of Weather Information (SIP), better known as the Societal Impacts Program (SIP), focuses on improving societal gains from weather forecasting by infusing social science research, methods, and capabilities into the Weather Enterprise. SIP serves as a focal point for developing and supporting a closer relationship between weather researchers, operational forecasters, relevant end users, and social scientists concerned with the impacts of weather and weather information on society. Program activities include primary research, outreach and education, the Weather and Society*Integrated Studies (WAS*IS) program, and development and support for the weather societal-impacts community."
research  sociology  meteorology  social  social-science  weather 
june 2011
An Attributional Analysis of Reactions to Poverty: The Political Ideology of the Giver and the Perceived Morality of the Receiver
An attributional analysis of reactions to poverty is presented. The article begins by discussing the perceived causes of poverty and their taxonomic properties (locus, stability, and controllability). One antecedent of causal beliefs, political ideology, is then examined in detail, followed by a review of the effects of causal beliefs on emotions and behavior. It is contended that helping the poor is a moral issue, but the moral evaluation concerns the targeted recipient of aid rather than the potential help giver. Persons perceived as responsible for their plight, a dominant construal for conservatives, elicit anger and neglect. In contrast, those seen as not responsible for their financial hardship, an outlook predominantly endorsed by liberals, arouse sympathy and help giving. Sympathy is the most important proximal determinant of aid. This analysis is extended to reactions to achievement failure, abortion, and rape. Policy implications are also examined.
psychology  research  political-science  poverty  attribution  morality  perception 
june 2011
The public domain: The ivory tower opens its treasure chest | The Economist
Yale University aims to change all that. In an announcement on May 10th, the university says its libraries, museums and archives will provide free universal access to high-resolution digitisations of holdings in the public domain
online  access  public-domain  school(Yale)  art  digital-humanities  digitization  intellectual-property  copyright 
june 2011
Global Commission on Drug Policy
The purpose of The Global Commission on Drug Policy is to bring to the international level an informed, science-based discussion about humane and effective ways to reduce the harm caused by drugs to people and societies.
politics  policy  drugs  international  reports  global 
june 2011
Seeing the Mind Behind the Art - People can distinguish abstract expressionist paintings from highly similar paintings by children, chimps, monkeys, and elephants
Museumgoers often scoff that costly abstract expressionist paintings could have been made by a child and have mistaken paintings by chimpanzees for professional art. To test whether people really conflate paintings by professionals with paintings by children and animals, we showed art and nonart students paired images, one by an abstract expressionist and one by a child or animal, and asked which they liked more and which they judged as better. The first set of pairs was presented without labels
psychology  experiments  art  modern-art  abstract-art  aesthetics  judgment  value  visual  perception 
june 2011
Human Brain Limits Twitter Friends To 150 - Technology Review
"It turns out that when people start tweeting, their number of friends increases until they become overwhelmed. Beyond that saturation point, the conversations with less important contacts start to become less frequent and the tweeters begin to concentrate on the people they have the strongest links with.

So what is the saturation point? Or, in other words, how many people can tweeters maintain contact with before they get overwhelmed? The answer is between 100 and 200, just as Dunbar predicts. "
communication  networks  dunbar-number  social  behavior  sociology  neurology  brain  evolution  twitter  social-media 
may 2011
Tim Harford on Unexpected Economics | FiveBooks | The Browser
Mentions - Normal Accidents by Perrow, For the Win by Doctorow, Cartoon Intro to Economics by Bauman and Klein, Big Short by Lewis, and Bad Science by Goldacre.
books  recommendations  economics  interview 
may 2011
Memorial Day: Enter Hitler, Release 2.0 - Clusterfuck Nation
"This is exactly the theme of Sarah Palin's campaign. A large segment of the American public has entered the dark wilderness of loserdom. They've lost jobs, incomes, and even their homes. They can't support a family, can't afford to gas up their God-given cars, can hardly even afford to buy food - though many of this group have been programmed, tragically, to get much of their food from hamburger and taco dispensaries that "free market" America has generously dotted the landscape with. They are ashamed, especially living in a nation where liberty is supposed to enable you to get a leg up in the world, to be self-reliant, to make something of yourself. Hence, they imagine themselves to have somehow been deprived of liberty (and honor!) which they must now get back. "
PalinSarah  politics  ideology  campaign  symbolism  symbols  failure 
may 2011
Social Engineering - Charlie's Diary
"Smart organizations (and government departments) treat any wireless network as untrusted for exactly this reason: someone can have added an inconspicuous wall-wart loaded with penetration tools to your network, and it could be listening in on everything your users type.

Moral of story: if you can't see the wires you can't trust the channel."
security  technology  surveillance  propaganda  ideology  technology-effects 
may 2011
When We Think We Lead We Are Most Led | Easily Distracted
"That sense of entitlement to leadership and its prerogatives is crippling the political classes worldwide. In the name of leadership, technocrats live apart from their citizenry, experts decline to sully their knowledgeable conversations by engagement with the insufficiently educated, activists burn bright with the Promethean fire they bear into what they imagine to be the darkness of apathetic communities. Leaders do to others and are not done unto. "
teaching  pedagogy  leadership  education 
may 2011
U.S. Intellectual History: Book Review: Summers on Kloppenberg's READING OBAMA
"James Kloppenberg has written a substantial book with a serious limitation, serious because the suave unfolding of the argument depends on his refusal to test it. President Obama is the product of democracy, and his pragmatic writings and speeches do suggest a sophisticated understanding of how the American experiment was designed. Yet his opponents are also the product of democracy
book  review  political-science  politics  obama  pragmatism  ideology 
may 2011
Constructing Audiences in Scientific Controversy - Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy
"Scientists, their allies, and opponents engage in struggles not just over what is true, but who may validate, access, and engage contentious knowledge. Viewed through the metaphor of theater, science is always performed for an audience, and that audience is constructed strategically and with consequence. Insights from theater studies, the public understanding of science, and literature on boundary work and framing contribute to a proposal for a framework to explore the construction of audiences during scientific controversy, consisting of three parameters: history, composition, and role. Applying this framework to the controversy over the presence of genetically modified maize in Mexico demonstrates how multiple and contested audiences form during a scientific controversy. Different scientific “productions” construct distinct or overlapping audiences
science  communication  controversy  theater  performance  audience  public-understanding 
may 2011
dunwoody | School of Journalism
"Sharon Dunwoody is Evjue-Bascom Professor in the School of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, as well as Interim Associate Dean for Graduate Education in the Graduate School. Among other affiliations, she is a member of the Governance Faculty of the university’s Gaylord Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and is a faculty affiliate of the Science and Technology Studies program.

As a scholar, she focuses on the construction of media science messages and on how those messages are employed by individuals for various cognitive and behavioral purposes. Illustrative of this large domain are her current research streams:

How do individuals use information to inform their judgments about environmental risks?

What role do perceptions of both journalists and scientists play in the construction of news about science?"
people  academia  journalism  mass  communication  media  science  media-studies 
may 2011
Bruce Schneier: The security mirage | Video on TED.com
The feeling of security and the reality of security don't always match, says computer-security expert Bruce Schneier. At TEDxPSU, he explains why we spend billions addressing news story risks, like the "security theater" now playing at your local airport, while neglecting more probable risks -- and how we can break this pattern.
security  video  risk  perception  psychology  emotion  safety  bias  cognition 
may 2011
Hard Problems in Social Science § Division of Social Science
"On Saturday, April 10, 2010, a dozen “big thinkers” shared their thoughts on the hardest problems in social science. We were fortunate to have the creativity and brilliance of a host of distinguished speakers. They started the discussion (you can view the videos by clicking on the links at right), and then the symposium was followed by an active discussion on Facebook, resulting in many suggestions for additional "hard problems"."
social-science  problems 
may 2011
The Visceral Politics of V for Vendetta: On Political Affect in Cinema - Critical Studies in Media Communication
"This essay concerns the role of political affect in cinema. As a case study, I analyze the 2006 film V for Vendetta as cinematic rhetoric. Adopting a multi-modal approach that focuses on the interplay of discourse, figure, and ground, I contend that the film mobilizes viewers at a visceral level to reject a politics of apathy in favor of a politics of democratic struggle. Based on the analysis, I draw conclusions related to the evaluation of cinematic rhetoric, the political import of mass art, and the character and role of affect in politics. "
communication  culture  movies  politics  rhetoric 
may 2011
Technology, Communication, and Society: From Heidegger and Habermas to Feenberg - Review of Communication
"In this article, I examine the nature and impact of modern technologies, as discussed in three seminal texts. These three pieces are: Martin Heidegger's essay "The Question Concerning Technology" published in 1954 in a collection of his lectures and essays
communication  technology  philosophy  technology-effects 
may 2011
Pragmatism, Democracy, and Communication: Three Rival Perspectives - Review of Communication
"This paper examines three recent studies that address the theme of pragmatism, democracy, and communication: Jeffrey Stout's (2004) Democracy and Tradition, Robert Danisch's (2007) Pragmatism, Democracy, and the Necessity of Rhetoric, and Robert Talisse's (2009) A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy. Despite their common appeal to the pragmatist tradition, the respective visions of communication and democracy in these studies are found to be incompatible with one another. This paper offers a comparative review documenting both the divisions between them, as well as a shared limitation-their common neglect of the question of power. "
democracy  pragmatism  communication  philosophy  political-science 
may 2011
Toward a Communication Model for the Socialization of Voluntary Members - Communication Monographs
"Because most socialization/assimilation research focuses on employment as the primary membership role in groups and organizations, the accompanying models have failed to consider the unique characteristics of voluntary membership. In addition, those models have been criticized for being too linear and based on concepts of organizations as containers. Using principles of the bona fide group perspective and a case study, this paper develops a model that emphasizes the unique characteristics of the socialization of voluntary members. The multilevel model also examines how membership in various other groups, such as work and family, influence and interact with individuals' voluntary memberships. With a focus on communication, the model emphasizes the fluid process of voluntary associations in organizations with ambiguous boundaries. "
communication  volunteer  amateur  group  membership  socialization  organization 
may 2011
Coworker Relationships and Informal Communication in High-Intensity Telecommuting - Journal of Applied Communication Research
"Given that high-intensity telecommuters report feeling socially isolated, this study uses structuration and constructivist theories to examine the role of coworker relationships and informal communication in the context of high-intensity telecommuting."
communication  organization  telecommuting  telecommunications  research 
may 2011
The Argumentative Theory | Conversation | Edge
""The article,” Haidt said, "is a review of a puzzle that has bedeviled researchers in cognitive psychology and social cognition for a long time. The puzzle is, why are humans so amazingly bad at reasoning in some contexts, and so amazingly good in others?"

"Reasoning was not designed to pursue the truth. Reasoning was designed by evolution to help us win arguments. That's why they call it The Argumentative Theory of Reasoning. So, as they put it, "The evidence reviewed here shows not only that reasoning falls quite short of reliably delivering rational beliefs and rational decisions. It may even be, in a variety of cases, detrimental to rationality. Reasoning can lead to poor outcomes, not because humans are bad at it, but because they systematically strive for arguments that justify their beliefs or their actions. This explains the confirmation bias, motivated reasoning, and reason-based choice, among other things.""
cognition  psychology  bias  decision-making  argument  evolution  rationality  reasoning  theory  confirmation-bias  belief  justification 
may 2011
News: 'Loving and Hating Mathematics' - Inside Higher Ed
"A new book, Loving and Hating Mathematics: Challenging the Myths of Mathematical Life (Princeton University Press) takes a look at some of the most common (mis)conceptions about mathematics and mathematicians, addressing their origins and assessing their truth value in a somewhat unexpected fashion. Rather than amassing data on PISA and SAT scores, analyzing the race and gender breakdowns of degrees awarded or tenure and promotion rates, or perhaps administering Enneagram tests to math majors, authors Reuben Hersh and Vera John-Steiner focus on the lives and experiences of mathematicians, past and present."
book  interview  mathematics  education  learning  pedagogy  calculus 
may 2011
Measure of America: American Human Development Project
"The American Human Development Project provides easy-to-use yet methodologically sound tools for understanding the distribution of well-being and opportunity in America and stimulating fact-based dialogue about issues we all care about: health, education, and living standards."
education  statistics  maps  health  development  america  human  econometrics  economics  political-science 
may 2011
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