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Archives Don't Matter | AVPreserve
"Archival Environments matter because they help support the longevity of discovery and access, but if that access to playable content is not provided the nominal archive is remiss in its duties. Until such time as that duty is met we cannot rightfully distinguish between or value the role of the traditional archive over the lay archive of something like a YouTube merely on the tenets of description, storage, and best practices alone."
archives  philosophy  purpose  profession  laypeople  utility 
february 2013
The Long Now of Wikipedia – Lucretius, ver. 21c
"How much does Wikipedia have to say about each of these intervals?  The charts below show the length of each decade, century, and millennium summary article.  The metric for length is the number of bytes in the HTML of each page and thus is exclusive of images or other media.  These data are from the English version as of January 19, 2013."
wikipedia  history  future  time  writing  presentism 
february 2013
The Internet’s Unholy Marriage to Capitalism :: Monthly Review
"This economic context points to the paradox of the Internet as it has developed in a capitalist society. The Internet has been subjected, to a significant extent, to the capital accumulation process, which has a clear logic of its own, inimical to much of the democratic potential of digital communication, and that will be ever more so, going forward. What seemed to be an increasingly open public sphere, removed from the world of commodity exchange, seems to be morphing into a private sphere of increasingly closed, proprietary, even monopolistic markets."
economics  internet  capitalism  markets  markets-uber-alles 
february 2013
Overview communication theories of the UT Communication Studies
"The theories presented here are related to communication. Students can use these theories as a rich source for a better understanding of the theoretical fieldwork of communication. Choosing a theory for an assignment or report is made easier, since you are able to ‘browse’ through the different theories. All theories which are selected are used in the courses of Communication Studies. Stay critical when you use a theory, because theories are subjectively measured. A lot of theories are mentioned below, make your own judgment about which theories are most helpful and think why they are helpful"
communication  reference  theory  learning 
february 2013
Blizzard Buries New England, Breaks Snowfall Records | Climate Central
"Studies have linked this trend in extreme precipitation events to manmade global warming, since warming increases atmospheric moisture. However, much of the increase in one-day extreme precipitation events during the cold season in the Northeast has taken place in the fall and early spring, rather than February."
weather  climate-change  global-warming  environment  winter  snow  blizzard  regions 
february 2013
Curing chemophobia: Don’t buy the alternative medicine in “The Boy With a Thorn in His Joints.” - Slate Magazine
"The simple names favored by the alternative medicine community provide an illusion of safety and comprehensibility that the chemical names can’t match. Another common chemical name for methotrexate is amethopterin, which comes from the roots meth, Greek for wine, which I might stretch to spirits, and pterin, Greek for feathers. And naproxen is a chemical analog of salicylic acid, which can be extracted from willow bark. I strongly suspect that if Shepherd’s rheumatologist had called what he prescribed spirits of feathers and an extract of willow, rather than methotrexate and naproxen, Meadows would have been happier."
chemistry  medicine  communication  language  name  fear  sts  alternative 
february 2013
Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction by Kathrin Glüer | Issue 94 | Philosophy Now
"Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction by Kathrin Glüer, OUP USA, 2011, 328pp, £15.99, ISBN: 978-0195382969"
book  review  philosophy  relativism  language  communication  understanding 
february 2013
The New Atlantis » The Possibility of Progress
"At any moment, the imagination says no to the world as it is while saying yes to an alternative reality — to a world that never was or has yet to be. Behind every vision lies dissatisfaction. This holds true for the statesman as much as for the artist. Both say no to the world in which they find themselves, even as they say yes to its next incarnation, now disincarnate. In his story “The Hall of Fantasy,” Nathaniel Hawthorne hints that every form of human activity verges on the unworldliness of fantasy, negating the present in favor of the future or imagined past. Yet it is the political use of the imagination that attracts Hawthorne’s most skeptical treatment. "
literature  19c  politics  imagination  progress  vision  fantasy  utopia  possibility 
february 2013
The Risk Ownership Society | Dissent Magazine
"Freaks of Fortune provides a timely source of perspective on the financial dislocations of the last decade. We have been here before. Maybe we have been nowhere else since the guns fell silent at Appomattox. Freaks of Fortune is a scholarly and affectionate recounting of a journey, which, despite hustle and heartbreak, controversy and countermovement, seems always to leave us right back where we started. We are left with a difficult question: if we wish to be free in the way that Americans understand freedom, have we no choice but to submit to a faceless, periodically psychotic “economic chance-world”?"
book  review  crisis  financial-services  finance  money  economics  risk  chance 
february 2013
New Left Review - Andrew Smith: On Shopworking
"Service workers now make up nearly 80 per cent of the labour force in Britain, with a still higher proportion in the United States, and the sector constitutes a fast-growing field in the sociology of work. Recent investigations have focused on the hitherto overlooked relationship between front-line service workers and their customers: what effect does this have on the ‘lived experience’ of their work? [1] In what follows I offer some thoughts on conceptualizing the interactions between employees and customers, shaped in part by critical reflection on my own experience of working in a long series of service-sector and retail jobs. "
customer-service  work  labor  consciousness  experience  phenomenology 
february 2013
To the Precinct Station: How theory met practice ...and drove it absolutely crazy | Thomas Frank | The Baffler
"The reason Occupy and the Tea Party were such uncanny replicas of one another is because they both drew on the lazy, reflexive libertarianism that suffuses our idea of protest these days, all the way from Disney Channel teens longing to be themselves to punk rock teens vandalizing a Starbucks. From Chris Hedges to Paul Ryan, every dissenter imagines that they are rising up against “the state.” It’s in the cultural DNA of our times, it seems; our rock ‘n’ roll rebels, our Hollywood heroes, even our FBI agents. They all hate the state—protesters in Zuccotti Park as well as the Zegna-wearing traders those protesters think they’re frightening. But here’s the rub: only the Right manages to profit from it."
occupy  2011  history  critique  politics  leftism  ideology  academic  theory 
february 2013
The Leviathan Model
"We propose an opinion dynamics model that combines processes of vanity and opinion propagation. The interactions take place between randomly chosen pairs. During an interaction, the agents propagate their opinions about themselves and about other people they know. Moreover, each individual is subject to vanity: if her interlocutor seems to value her highly, then she increases her opinion about this interlocutor. On the contrary she tends to decrease her opinion about those who seem to undervalue her. The combination of these dynamics with the hypothesis that the opinion propagation is more efficient when coming from highly valued individuals, leads to different patterns when varying the parameters. For instance, for some parameters the positive opinion links between individuals generate a small world network. In one of the patterns, absolute dominance of one agent alternates with a state of generalised distrust, where all agents have a very low opinion of all the others (including themselves). We provide some explanations of the mechanisms behind these emergent behaviors and finally propose a discussion about their interest. "
agent-based-model  complexity  model  social  opinion  self-perception  networks 
february 2013
PLOS ONE: You Can’t Put Old Wine in New Bottles: The Effect of Newcomers on Coordination in Groups
"A common finding in social sciences is that member change hinders group functioning and performance. However, questions remain as to why member change negatively affects group performance and what are some ways to alleviate the negative effects of member change on performance? To answer these questions we conduct an experiment in which we investigate the effect of newcomers on a group’s ability to coordinate efficiently. Participants play a coordination game in a four-person group for the first part of the experiment, and then two members of the group are replaced with new participants, and the newly formed group plays the game for the second part of the experiment. Our results show that the arrival of newcomers decreases trust among group members and this decrease in trust negatively affects group performance. Knowing the performance history of the arriving newcomers mitigates the negative effect of their arrival, but only when newcomers also know the oldtimers performance history. Surprisingly, in groups that performed poorly prior to the newcomers’ arrival, the distrust generated by newcomers is mainly between oldtimers about each other rather than about the newcomers."
groups  interaction  dynamics  communication  organizations  strangers  trust  coordination 
february 2013
Down a mineshaft or why historians (must) become polymaths. | The Renaissance Mathematicus
"Anybody doing contextual history will, no matter what the starting point of his or her investigations, eventually run up against one or other field of human endeavour about which he or she is more or less ignorant. When this happens our intrepid historian has one of two choices he or she can either stop his or her investigations at that point and not answer the obvious questions that have popped up or he or she can buckle down and acquire a working knowledge of a new field thus increasing his or hers status as a polymath."
historiography  history  polymath  learning  science  expertise  academic 
february 2013
How to Save College | The Awl
"Instead, like every threatened profession, I see my peers arguing that we, uniquely, deserve a permanent bulwark against insurgents, that we must be left in charge of our destiny, or society will suffer the consequences. Even the record store clerks tried that argument, back in the day. In the academy, we have a lot of good ideas and a lot of practice at making people smarter, but it’s not obvious that we have the best ideas, and it is obvious that we don’t have all the ideas. For us to behave as if we have—or should have—a monopoly on educating adults is just ridiculous."
academia  future  work  labor  efficiency  online  education  mooc  internet  disruption 
february 2013
Bring back the 40-hour work week - Salon.com
"What these studies showed, over and over, was that industrial workers have eight good, reliable hours a day in them. On average, you get no more widgets out of a 10-hour day than you do out of an eight-hour day. Likewise, the overall output for the work week will be exactly the same at the end of six days as it would be after five days. So paying hourly workers to stick around once they’ve put in their weekly 40 is basically nothing more than a stupid and abusive way to burn up profits. Let ‘em go home, rest up and come back on Monday. It’s better for everybody."
work  labor  overtime  time  business  neoliberalism  capitalism  management 
february 2013
‘Moral realism’ may lead to better moral behavior
"In two experiments, one conducted in-person and the other online, participants were primed to consider a belief in either moral realism (the notion that morals are like facts) or moral antirealism (the belief that morals reflect people’s preferences) during a solicitation for a charitable donation. In both experiments, those primed with moral realism pledged to give more money to the charity than those primed with antirealism or those not primed at all."
psychology  experiment  philosophy  ethics  metaethics  charity 
february 2013
JSTOR: An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie
"From its inception, antievolution activism has been aimed not only at the natural sciences but also, and almost as often, at the social sciences. Although almost entirely overlooked by scholars, this activism played a significant part in the development of American social science in the early twentieth century. Analyzing public writings and private papers of antievolution activists, academic social scientists, and university officials from the 1920s, this essay recalls this forgotten history, showing how antievolution activism contributed to the abandonment of evolutionary theory and the adoption of a set of secular, scientific, and professional characteristics that have come to define much of modern social science."
science  history  evolution  america  creationism  social-science 
february 2013
Science Magazine: Sign In
"Doppler weather radar imaging enabled the rapid recovery of the Sutter’s Mill meteorite after a rare 4-kiloton of TNT–equivalent asteroid impact over the foothills of the Sierra Nevada in northern California. The recovered meteorites survived a record high-speed entry of 28.6 kilometers per second from an orbit close to that of Jupiter-family comets (Tisserand’s parameter = 2.8 ± 0.3). Sutter’s Mill is a regolith breccia composed of CM (Mighei)–type carbonaceous chondrite and highly reduced xenolithic materials. It exhibits considerable diversity of mineralogy, petrography, and isotope and organic chemistry, resulting from a complex formation history of the parent body surface. That diversity is quickly masked by alteration once in the terrestrial environment but will need to be considered when samples returned by missions to C-class asteroids are interpreted."
science  meteor  astronomy  meteorology  radar 
february 2013
The Complexities of Genomic Identifiability
"Sharing research data has long been fundamental to the advancement of science. In today's scientific culture, making research data available broadly and efficiently via the internet has become the standard for many data types, including genomic and some other "omic"-type data produced by high-throughput methods. The acceleration of research progress and the resulting public benefit achieved through such broad data-sharing have been transformative for the scientific enterprise (1–3). However, sharing data generated from human research participants must be done in a manner that appropriately protects participant interests."
data-science  genetics  big-data  privacy  sharing 
february 2013
Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science
"Welcome to Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science. Published since 1966, Zygon is dedicated to the manifold interactions between the sciences and human religious and moral convictions. We seek to consider the whole range of the sciences; cosmology and physics, biology and the neurosciences, sociology, psychology, and anthropology. We seek to be open to religious and non-religious perspectives, those rooted in the great traditions such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, but also to religious naturalism, secular humanism, and atheism, both variants at home in the Western world and versions elsewhere on our globe. We cover ideas (theories, theologies) as well as practices. We address ethical issues and analyze the history of the differentiation between science and religion and their subsequent interactions."
journal  science  religion 
february 2013
The Nature of Science in Science Education - Rationales and Strategies
"The Nature of Science in Science Education: Rationales and Strategies is the first book to blend a justification for the inclusion of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching with methods by which this vital content can be shared with a variety of learners. The book provides a definition of the elements of the nature of science applicable in instruction with a range of methods by which students and teachers can experience aspects of this important field. T"
book  publisher  education  science  pedagogy  teaching  philosophy  nature 
february 2013
Oxford University Press: Oxford Studies in Digital Politics
"Digital communication technologies are now central to our understanding of political, social, economic, and cultural life. This book series will bring together scholars with an interest in understanding the information and communication environments which shape -- and are shaped by -- politics and policy-making. The series will be concerned with theoretical and conceptual debates, political institutions and behavior, and policy issues. It will provide an important, high-profile publishing outlet for a range of talented authors, both established and up-and-coming. "
books  publisher  series  media  digital  politics  journalism  communication  social-science 
february 2013
Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science
"Welcome to Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science. Published since 1966, Zygon is dedicated to the manifold interactions between the sciences and human religious and moral convictions. We seek to consider the whole range of the sciences; cosmology and physics, biology and the neurosciences, sociolog
journal  science  religion 
february 2013
Engaging the Controversy in Science Education | NCSE
"The cultural controversy over the science curriculum is not really about evolution, but rather is a debate about what knowledge is and who decides."
creationism  evolution  education  teaching  school  american-studies  controversy  science 
february 2013
The wisdom of the fringes? - Random Communications from an Evolutionary Edge
"I am coming to suspect that it is the fringes that make the difference between collective intelligence and collective wisdom. Collective intelligence solves problems or resolves conflicts of, by and for a group, an organization, a community or a whole society. It solve those problems and conflicts for the here and now, for people who are interested, aware, and involved."
wisdom  communications  marginal  evolution  open-space  conversation  fringes 
february 2013
Solve for X
"A forum to encourage and amplify technology-based moonshot thinking and collaboration."
goal-setting  goals  making  futures 
february 2013
Solve for X
"A forum to encourage and amplify technology-based moonshot thinking and collaboration."
goal-setting  goals  making  futures 
february 2013
Antipode - Virtual Issues - Wiley Online Library
"To celebrate Katherine Gibson’s 2012 Antipode RGS-IBG lecture, ‘Take Back the Economy, Any Time, Any Place: Pedagogies for Securing Community Economies’, we’re pleased to present this virtual issue, ‘Imagining and Enacting Community Economies’."
journal  economics  societies  community  geography  academic  research  open-access 
february 2013
Book Review: Ethics in Qualitative Research: Controversies and Contexts | LSE Review of Books
"Ethics in Qualitative Research: Controversies and Contexts. Martyn Hammersley and Anna Traianou. Sage. May 2012."
book  review  research  methods  methodology  ethics  qualitative 
february 2013
Los Angeles Review of Books - The Next Level: Alexander R. Galloway’s “The Interface Effect”
"For many Americans, then, a great deal of contemporary life is mediated by interfaces, including laptop, smartphone, and television screens. That this perpetual mediation so often goes unexamined speaks to the importance of Alexander R. Galloway’s new monograph The Interface Effect. Galloway’s ambitious book aspires to be not only a theory of interfaces but also a broader rethinking of the field of “new media studies,” an academic discipline with precursors in the media theories of Marshall McLuhan and Raymond Williams in the 1960s that emerged properly with scholarship produced alongside the rise of web culture of the 1990s."
book  review  media  new-media  interface  culture  criticism  critical-theory  technology  philosophy  aesthetics  design  internet  mediation  media-studies 
february 2013
Rawporter ™ Buy, sell, request & share photos and videos.
"Rawporter helps media outlets large and small source raw video and photos. Whether you're a local blogger or a national news network, our Rawporters can get you the affordable footage you need quickly. Our Rawporters are everyday people, ready to use their smartphones and our App to get you the video and photos you need. It's like having an army of cameras on-location and on-demand"
media  business  business-model  crowdsourcing  journalism  citizenjournalism 
february 2013
Rawporter ™ Buy, sell, request & share photos and videos.
"Rawporter helps media outlets large and small source raw video and photos. Whether you're a local blogger or a national news network, our Rawporters can get you the affordable footage you need quickly. Our Rawporters are everyday people, ready to use their smartphones and our App to get you the vide
media  business  business-model  crowdsourcing  journalism  citizenjournalism 
february 2013
Rebecca Solnit · Diary: Google Invades · LRB 7 February 2013
"There are ways in which Silicon Valley is nothing like this: it’s clean, quiet work, and here to stay in one form or another. But there are ways in which technology is just another boom and the Bay Area is once again a boomtown, with transient populations, escalating housing costs, mass displacements and the casual erasure of what was here before. I think of it as frontierism, with all the frontier’s attitude and operational style, where people without a lot of attachments come and do things without a lot of concern for their impact, where money moves around pretty casually, and people are ground underfoot equally casually."
business  money  frontier  city(SanFrancisco)  technology  google  silicon-valley 
february 2013
**New SCA/ Ithaka S+R report and videos: Sustaining Our Digital Future** | Strategic Content Alliance blog
"Commissioned by the Strategic Content Alliance and undertaken by Ithaka S+R, the ‘Sustaining Our Digital Future: Institutional Strategies for Digital Content’ report, issued today, tells of how three distinct organisations – Imperial War Museums (IWM), the National Library of Wales (NLW) and University College London (UCL) have risen to this challenge. This essential research is accompanied by a suite of tools, advice and videos (see below) that will enable and guide you to take a fresh look at whether a project is delivering the desired impact in the communities you aim to serve and to consider new ways to enhance the value of your content for your users."
libraries  service  future  survey  research  report  digital-library  digital 
january 2013
Library Services in the Digital Age | Pew Internet Libraries
"The internet has already had a major impact on how people find and access information, and now the rising popularity of e-books is helping transform Americans’ reading habits. In this changing landscape, public libraries are trying to adjust their services to these new realities while still serving the needs of patrons who rely on more traditional resources. In a new survey of Americans’ attitudes and expectations for public libraries, the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project finds that many library patrons are eager to see libraries’ digital services expand, yet also feel that print books remain important in the digital age."
libraries  future  service  pew-research  survey 
january 2013
Innovative library services “in the wild” | Pew Internet Libraries
"Our new report takes a close look not only at how Americans are using public libraries, but also what sort of services and programming they think libraries should offer — and what they say they would use in the future."
libraries  future  service  citizen-science 
january 2013
Why information can’t be the basis of reality | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network
"A growing number of scientists, Gleick writes, are beginning to wonder whether information "may be primary: more fundamental than matter itself." This notion has inspired other recent books, including Programming the Universe by Seth Lloyd (Vintage 2007), Decoding the Universe by Charles Seife (Penguin 2007), Decoding Reality by Vlatko Vedral (Oxford 2010) and Information and the Nature of Reality, a collection of essays edited by Paul Davies (Cambridge 2010). But the everything-is-information meme violates common sense."
science  information  information-theory  metaphysics  philosophy  reality 
january 2013
Is Scientific Materialism “Almost Certainly False”? | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network
"Some scholars, notably philosopher Thomas Nagel, are so unimpressed with science that they are challenging its fundamental assumptions. In his new book Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False, Nagel contends that current scientific theories and methods can’t account for the emergence of life in general and one bipedal, big-brained species in particular. To solve these problems, Nagel asserts, science needs “a major conceptual revolution,” as radical as those precipitated by heliocentrism, evolution and relativity."
science  philosophy  consensus  materialism  evolution  truth  metaphysics 
january 2013
Everyday Sociology Blog
"Welcome to Everydaysociologyblog.com, a site that features interesting, informative, and most of all entertaining commentary from sociologists around the United States. Come to this site regularly to get a sociological take on what is happening in the news (and on what should be in the news)."
weblog-company  sociology  publisher  education  learning  social 
january 2013
The Society Pages
"The Society Pages is an online, multidisciplinary social science project headquartered in the Department of Sociology at the University of Minnesota and supported by publishing partner W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. The Society Pages’ mission is to bring measured social science to broader public visibility and influence. That is to say, we’re talking about society with society."
weblog-company  sociology  publisher  education  learning  social 
january 2013
The Anthropic Stupidity Hypothesis - Charlie's Diary
"Why is the human species only as intelligent as it is, and not more so?"
intelligence  species  speculation  social  behavior  learning 
january 2013
Technopolis: Why so few utopias in science fiction cinema?
"By: Langdon Winner (This is a talk I gave at a panel on science fiction at the conference of the Society for Social Studies of Science, Copenhagen, October 19, 2012.)"
sf  fiction  film  cinema  movies  optimism  utopia  dystopia  pessimism  imagination  future 
january 2013
Stop Hyping Big Data and Start Paying Attention to 'Long Data' | Wired Opinion | Wired.com
"Big data puts slices of knowledge in context. But to really understand the big picture, we need to place a phenomenon in its longer, more historical context."
big-data  history  historiography  time  context 
january 2013
The More Republicans Know About Politics, the More They Believe Conspiracy Theories | Mother Jones
"But whatever the ultimate cause, the idea that everybody is equally biased, but in different directions, continues to have a key weakness—namely, the data."
politics  partisanship  perception  bias  conspiracy  democrats  republicans  bipartisanship 
january 2013
Locus Online Perspectives » David Brin: Our Favorite Cliché — A World Filled With Idiots…, or,Why Films and Novels Routinely Depict Society and its Citizens as Fools
"It can be hard to notice things you take for granted — assumptions that are never questioned, because everyone shares them. One of these nearly ubiquitous themes is a tendency for most authors and/or film-makers to disdain the intelligence and wisdom of society as a whole, portraying a majority of their fellow citizens as sheep or fools."
fiction  perception  groups  societies  authority  trust  literature  cliche  intelligence  groupthink  bureaucracy  infrastructure 
january 2013
Cosm - Internet of Things Platform Connecting Devices and Apps for Real-Time Control and Data Storage
"Connect devices and apps on the Cosm platform, exchange data and ideas with developers, and bring smart products to the world."
internet-of-things  internet  data  collecting  distributed  computers  sensors 
january 2013
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