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Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
"Defined narrowly, epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief. As the study of knowledge, epistemology is concerned with the following questions: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge? What are its sources? What is its structure, and what are its limits? As the study of justified belief, epistemology aims to answer questions such as: How we are to understand the concept of justification? What makes justified beliefs justified? Is justification internal or external to one's own mind? Understood more broadly, epistemology is about issues having to do with the creation and dissemination of knowledge in particular areas of inquiry. This article will provide a systematic overview of the problems that the questions above raise and focus in some depth on issues relating to the structure and the limits of knowledge and justification."
philosophy  epistemology  encyclopedia  reference  summary 
may 2016
The Elephant in the Seminar Room: Should the PhD Be Saved? - Los Angeles Review of Books
"The Graduate School Mess What Caused It and How We Can Fix It By Leonard Cassuto Published 09.14.2015 Harvard University Press 320 Pages"
book  review  education  phd  graduate-school  reform  academia  work  jobs 
may 2016
TLSWikipedia all-conquering – The TLS
"Jack Lynch YOU COULD LOOK IT UP The reference shelf from ancient Babylon to Wikipedia 464pp. Bloomsbury. £25 (US $30). "
book  review  reference  books  history 
may 2016
Data Curation — Council on Library and Information Resources
"Sayeed Choudhury, associate dean for research data management at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) and leader of the Data Conservancy, discusses the "stack model" for data management employed by JHU and discusses the model's components—storage, archiving, preservation, and curation—in the following video."
data-curation  model  service  libraries  curation  preservation  archive  storage 
may 2016
Home - Portage Network
"THE PORTAGE NETWORK is dedicated to the shared stewardship of research data in Canada through: Developing a national research data culture Fostering a community of practice for research data Building national research data services and infrastructure"
research  research-data  country(Canada)  organization  professional-association  libraries 
may 2016
Obama Deserves Credit for Visiting Hiroshima
"That is why Obama, who deserves credit for the nuclear deal with Iran, is taking the right step in visiting Hiroshima. No responsibility is greater for the president and other world leaders than assuring that no other nation will ever suffer the fate of Japan in 1945. That never again will mankind unleash death, the destroyer of worlds.   "
nuclear  war  history  memory  fear  american-studies  people(BarackObama) 
may 2016
CA: Journal of Cultural Analytics
"Cultural Analytics is a new journal dedicated to the computational study of culture. Its aim is to promote high quality scholarship that intervenes in contemporary debates about the study of culture using computational and quantitative methods. Articles are expected to combine theoretical sophistication, computational expertise, and grounding in a particular field towards the crafting of novel, thought-provoking arguments. In combining the very best of the humanities and the social and computational sciences, Cultural Analytics aims to challenge disciplinary boundaries and serve as the foundational publishing venue of a major new intellectual movement."
journal  academic  culture  analytics  data  analysis  digital-humanities 
may 2016
Forecasting: principles and practice | OTexts
"Welcome to our online textbook on forecasting. This textbook is intended to provide a comprehensive introduction to forecasting methods and to present enough information about each method for readers to be able to use them sensibly. We don’t attempt to give a thorough discussion of the theoretical details behind each method, although the references at the end of each chapter will fill in many of those details. The book is written for three audiences: (1) people finding themselves doing forecasting in business when they may not have had any formal training in the area; (2) undergraduate students studying business; (3) MBA students doing a forecasting elective. We use it ourselves for a second-year subject for students undertaking a Bachelor of Commerce degree at Monash University, Australia."
r  statistics  reference  programming  data  analysis  tutorial  time-series  forecasting 
may 2016
wq: an open source framework for citizen science, VGI, and crowdsourcing
"wq is a modular, open source framework for building custom offline-capable mobile-friendly web apps for citizen science, crowdsourcing, and volunteered geographic information. wq has a permissive license and extends a number of existing open source web frameworks, including Django, jQuery Mobile, and RequireJS."
programming  citizen-science  mobile  software  open-source  gis 
may 2016
Zotero for Data Repositories Webinar
"On May 17, 2016, DataCite continued our monthly webinar series with Sebastian Karcher, Associate Director of the Qualitative Data Repository (QDR) at Syracuse University, presenting on Zotero for data repositories. Sebastian is an expert in scholarly referencing and citation workflows and has been a longtime contributor to the Citation Style Language as well as Zotero, the open source reference management software. Sebastian provided insights in how Zotero can be used to fetch metadata from data repositories and demonstrated how repositories can aid integration with reference managers such as Zotero. Example repositories included Dataverse, the Dryad Digital Repository, the UK Data Service, and the Qualitative Data Repository."
data-curation  citation  zotero 
may 2016
graph-tool: Efficent network analysis with python
"Graph-tool is an efficient Python module for manipulation and statistical analysis of graphs (a.k.a. networks). Contrary to most other python modules with similar functionality, the core data structures and algorithms are implemented in C++, making extensive use of template metaprogramming, based heavily on the Boost Graph Library. This confers it a level of performance that is comparable (both in memory usage and computation time) to that of a pure C/C++ library."
python  programming  graphs  library 
may 2016
Home - OpenMinTeD
"OpenMinted sets out to create an open, service-oriented ep-Infrastructure for Text and Data Mining (TDM) of scientific and scholarly content. Researchers can collaboratively create, discover, share and re-use Knowledge from a wide range of text-based scientific related sources in a seamless way."
science  research  data-mining  online  scholarly-communication  text-analysis 
may 2016
AMiner - Open Science Platform
"AMiner ( aims to provide comprehensive search and mining services for researcher social networks. In this system, we focus on: (1) creating a semantic-based profile for each researcher by extracting information from the distributed Web; (2) integrating academic data (e.g., the bibliographic data and the researcher profiles) from multiple sources; (3) accurately searching the heterogeneous network; (4) analyzing and discovering interesting patterns from the built researcher social network."
science  research  data-mining  online  scholarly-communication 
may 2016
xkcd: Tasks
"In CS, it can be hard to explain the difference between the easy and the virtually impossible."
humor  comic  expectation  information  technology 
may 2016
Online tracking: A 1-million-site measurement and analysis
"Online tracking: A 1-million-site measurement and analysis is the largest and most detailed measurement of online tracking to date. We measure stateful (cookie-based) and stateless (fingerprinting-based) tracking, the effect of browser privacy tools, and "cookie syncing". This measurement is made possible by our web measurement tool OpenWPM, a mature platform that enables fully automated web crawls using a full-fledged and instrumented browser."
research  online  internet  tracking  privacy  surveillance  browser 
may 2016
Post, Mine, Repeat - Social Media Data Mining | Helen Kennedy | Palgrave Macmillan
"In this book, Helen Kennedy argues that as social media data mining becomes more and more ordinary, as we post, mine and repeat, new data relations emerge. These new data relations are characterised by a widespread desire for numbers and the troubling consequences of this desire, and also by the possibility of doing good with data and resisting data power, by new and old concerns, and by instability and contradiction. Drawing on action research with public sector organisations, interviews with commercial social insights companies and their clients, focus groups with social media users and other research, Kennedy provides a fascinating and detailed account of living with social media data mining inside the organisations that make up the fabric of everyday life."
book  publisher  social-media  data-mining 
may 2016
Overleaf: Real-time Collaborative Writing and Publishing Tools with Integrated PDF Preview
"Overleaf is an online LaTeX and Rich Text collaborative writing and publishing tool that makes the whole process of writing, editing and publishing scientific documents much quicker and easier."
writing  latex  online  tool  collaboration 
may 2016
Introduction to metricsgraphics
"metricsgraphics is an htmlwidget interface to the MetricsGraphics.js JavaScript/D3 chart library."
r  statistics  software  library  javascript  visualization  html  web 
may 2016
dygraphs for R
"The dygraphs package is an R interface to the dygraphs JavaScript charting library. It provides rich facilities for charting time-series data in R, including: Automatically plots xts time series objects (or any object convertible to xts). Highly configurable axis and series display (including optional second Y-axis). Rich interactive features including zoom/pan and series/point highlighting. Display upper/lower bars (e.g. prediction intervals) around series. Various graph overlays including shaded regions, event lines, and point annotations. Use at the R console just like conventional R plots (via RStudio Viewer). Seamless embedding within R Markdown documents and Shiny web applications."
r  statistics  software  library  javascript  visualization  html  web 
may 2016
vis.js - A dynamic, browser based visualization library.
"A dynamic, browser based visualization library. The library is designed to be easy to use, to handle large amounts of dynamic data, and to enable manipulation of and interaction with the data. The library consists of the components DataSet, Timeline, Network, Graph2d and Graph3d."
network-analysis  networks  visualization  software  web  javascript  library 
may 2016
CLTC Scenarios – CLTC
"How might individuals function in a world where literally everything they do online will likely be hacked or stolen? How could the proliferation of networked appliances, vehicles, and devices transform what it means to have a “secure” society? What would be the consequences of almost unimaginably powerful algorithms that predict individual human behavior at the most granular scale? These are among the questions considered through a set of five scenarios developed by the Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity (CLTC), a new research and collaboration center founded at UC Berkeley’s School of Information with support from the Hewlett Foundation. These scenarios are not predictions—it’s impossible to make precise predictions about such a complex set of issues. Rather, the scenarios paint a landscape of future possibilities, exploring how emerging and unknown forces could intersect to reshape the relationship between humans and technology—and what it means to be “secure.”"
big-data  ethics  data  research  scenario  scenario-planning  futures  data-curation  online 
may 2016
The Man Who Made the Novel - The New Yorker
Review and reaction to works of Samuel Richardson - author of Pamela, Clarissa, and Grandison.
novel  literature  history  genre  18c 
may 2016
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