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tsuomela : 1970s   62

Colossus | Speculative Identities
"Colossus Category AI, Computer Technology, Military Scenario Date Late 20th Century Colossus is a massive US military supercomputer that became sentient shortly after activation, joining forces with its Soviet counterpart Guardian, and expanding on its original nuclear defense directives to assume total control of the world and end all warfare between humans."
movie  film  design  typography  futures  1970s  cold-war  computers  artificial-intelligence 
october 2019 by tsuomela
Radiation Nation | Columbia University Press
"On March 28, 1979, the worst nuclear reactor accident in U.S. history occurred at the Three Mile Island power plant in Central Pennsylvania. Radiation Nation tells the story of what happened that day and in the months and years that followed, as local residents tried to make sense of the emergency. The near-meltdown occurred at a pivotal moment when the New Deal coalition was unraveling, trust in government was eroding, conservatives were consolidating their power, and the political left was becoming marginalized. Using the accident to explore this turning point, Natasha Zaretsky provides a fresh interpretation of the era by disclosing how atomic and ecological imaginaries shaped the conservative ascendancy. Drawing on the testimony of the men and women who lived in the shadow of the reactor, Radiation Nation shows that the region's citizens, especially its mothers, grew convinced that they had sustained radiological injuries that threatened their reproductive futures. Taking inspiration from the antiwar, environmental, and feminist movements, women at Three Mile Island crafted a homegrown ecological politics that wove together concerns over radiological threats to the body, the struggle over abortion and reproductive rights, and eroding trust in authority. This politics was shaped above all by what Zaretsky calls "biotic nationalism," a new body-centered nationalism that imagined the nation as a living, mortal being and portrayed sickened Americans as evidence of betrayal. The first cultural history of the accident, Radiation Nation reveals the surprising ecological dimensions of post-Vietnam conservatism while showing how growing anxieties surrounding bodily illness infused the political realignment of the 1970s in ways that blurred any easy distinction between left and right."
book  publisher  nuclear  energy  disaster  culture  1970s  history 
august 2019 by tsuomela
A People’s History of Computing in the United States — Joy Lisi Rankin | Harvard University Press
"Silicon Valley gets all the credit for digital creativity, but this account of the pre-PC world, when computing meant more than using mature consumer technology, challenges that triumphalism. The invention of the personal computer liberated users from corporate mainframes and brought computing into homes. But throughout the 1960s and 1970s a diverse group of teachers and students working together on academic computing systems conducted many of the activities we now recognize as personal and social computing. Their networks were centered in New Hampshire, Minnesota, and Illinois, but they connected far-flung users. Joy Rankin draws on detailed records to explore how users exchanged messages, programmed music and poems, fostered communities, and developed computer games like The Oregon Trail. These unsung pioneers helped shape our digital world, just as much as the inventors, garage hobbyists, and eccentric billionaires of Palo Alto. By imagining computing as an interactive commons, the early denizens of the digital realm seeded today’s debate about whether the internet should be a public utility and laid the groundwork for the concept of net neutrality. Rankin offers a radical precedent for a more democratic digital culture, and new models for the next generation of activists, educators, coders, and makers."
book  publisher  history  computing  software  1970s  citizen 
july 2019 by tsuomela
Wages for Housework | AK Press
"Throughout the 1970s, the Wages for Housework movement developed an analysis of women’s reproductive labor, “housework” broadly conceived, as a primary site for mobilization. Silvia Federici was a cofounder of the movement, working within the New York Wages for Housework Committee from 1972 to 1977. Here Federici draws from her personal archive to present the movement through its original documents: notes on discussion sessions, pamphlets, flyers, essays, songs and speeches. What emerges is a portrait of a living struggle, as relevant in our age of austerity as ever, grappling with the question of what is to be done to put an end to the massive quantities of unwaged labor steadily expanding the wealth of the capitalist class while condemning millions to impoverishment and endless work? “Rosie the Riveter had been sent home until she rose up in the feminist and welfare struggles of the capitalist crisis of the 1970s. Undefeated, Rosie took her new conditions of exploitation—the home—as the basis of the fight against patriarchy, capitalism, and the state. Here are the primary sources of that struggle. Between theory and practice lies the leaflet and the pamphlet... Between good ideas on the page and actual deeds in the street lies the slogan, and here they are: ‘Capitalist work cannot liberate us, only the struggle can.’ ‘Class struggle and feminism are one and the same.’ ‘The family is a colony.’ ‘Our uterus is the wheel that keeps capital moving.’ ‘Heterosexuality is a fundamental condition of house-work.’ ‘Prostitution is socialized housework.’ Nothing bougie here whatsoever.” —Peter Linebaugh "
book  publisher  history  feminism  1970s  labor  family 
february 2018 by tsuomela
Days of Rage by Bryan Burrough |
"The Weathermen. The Symbionese Liberation Army. The FALN. The Black Liberation Army. The names seem quaint now, when not forgotten altogether. But there was a time in America, during the 1970s, when bombings by domestic underground groups were a daily occurrence. The FBI combated these and other groups as nodes in a single revolutionary underground, dedicated to the violent overthrow of the American government. In Days of Rage, Bryan Burrough re-creates an atmosphere that seems almost unbelievable just forty years later, conjuring a time of native-born radicals, most of them “nice middle-class kids,” smuggling bombs into skyscrapers and detonating them inside the Pentagon and the U.S. Capitol, at a Boston courthouse and a Wall Street restaurant packed with lunchtime diners. The FBI’s fevered response included the formation of a secret task force called Squad 47, dedicated to hunting the groups down and rolling them up. But Squad 47 itself broke many laws in its attempts to bring the revolutionaries to justice, and its efforts ultimately ended in fiasco. Drawing on revelatory interviews with members of the underground and the FBI who speak about their experiences for the first time, Days of Rage is a mesmerizing book that takes us into the hearts and minds of homegrown terrorists and federal agents alike and weaves their stories into a spellbinding secret history of the 1970s. "
book  publisher  1970s  history  terrorism  american 
january 2017 by tsuomela
America's Long Holiday - The Baffler
Includes discussion of Christopher Nasch, Culture of Narcisissm
american-studies  narcissism  culture  1970s 
november 2014 by tsuomela
George Packer on Rick Perlstein’s “The Invisible Bridge”
Review of The Invisible Bridge: The Fall of Nixon and the Rise of Reagan by Rick Perlstein
book  review  1970s  history  conservatism  politics  about(RonaldReagan) 
august 2014 by tsuomela
Emily Nussbaum: Norman Lear and the Rise of the Divided Audience : The New Yorker
"There is no way—and maybe no reason—to unite TV’s divided audience. If television creators began by trying desperately not to offend, they clearly learned that the opposite approach can work just as well: a show that speaks to multiple audiences can get ratings by offering many ways to be a fan. As for the “vast wasteland” debate, at times it feels as if the balance has shifted so far toward a reflexive cynicism (about torture as entertainment, for example) that it’s difficult even to talk about the subject—at least, without getting called a Margaret Dumont. Perhaps there’s another way to look at it, which is to imagine an ethical quality that is embedded in real originality. The best series rattle us and wake us up; the worst are numbing agents. Sometimes, a divided audience is a result of mixed messages, an incoherent text; sometimes, it’s a sign of a bold experiment that we are still learning how to watch. But there’s a lot to be said for a show that is potent without being perfect, or maybe simply perfect for its moment: storytelling that alters the audience by demanding that viewers do more than just watch."
television  criticism  1970s  morality  history 
april 2014 by tsuomela
U B U W E B - Film & Video: John Berger - Ways of Seeing (1972)
"Ways of Seeing was a BBC television series consisting of visual essays that raise questions about hidden ideologies in visual images. The series gave rise to a later book of the same name written by John Berger. "
television  series  video  archive  visual-thinking  1970s  criticism 
march 2014 by tsuomela
Guaranteed income’s moment in the sun | Remapping Debate
"What allowed for GAI [guaranteed annual income] to be considered seriously by both Republicans and Democrats in the late-1960s and early 1970s? Why would the chances for a GAI proposal be so bleak today? And why are the answers to those questions critical to the outcome of virtually every other domestic public policy issue that exists today?"
politics  history  economics  income  government  social-security  overton-window  markets-uber-alles  capitalism  welfare  1970s  1960s 
may 2013 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Jonathan Schell, Seeing the Reality of the Vietnam War, 50 Years Late | TomDispatch
"Like a tightening net, the web of stories and reports drawn from myriad sources coalesces into a convincing, inescapable portrait of this war -- a portrait that, as an American, you do not wish to see; that, having seen, you wish you could forget, but that you should not forget; and that the facts force you to see and remember and take into account when you ask yourself what the United States has done and been in the last half century, and what it still is doing and still is."
book  review  history  war  military  american  vietnam  20c  1960s  1970s  atrocity 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Crisis, what crisis?
"In this sense, what is in one way a parallel between now and the 70s is also a difference. Both eras brought into doubt a dominant economic paradigm - Keynesian social democracy is the 70s and neoliberalism now. However, because neoliberalism serves the interests of capitalists in a way that Keynesianism (by the 70s) did not, there’s less of a rush among the ruling elite to look for an alternative.

But this merely raises the question. Why - given that its living standards are falling now in a way they did not in the 70s - is the working class so quiescent compared to then?"
economics  history  crisis  1970s  2000s  2010s  neoliberalism  conservatism 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Rocky and the New Populism | Front Porch Republic
"Rocky became the big success story of 1976, winning at the box office and at the Academy Awards. Audiences could identify with the film as it at once gave expression to the frustrations and the ideals of many Americans—it pointed to what had gone wrong with the nation even as it pointed toward the ideals Americans invested in their nation. In 1976 many people yearned for a renewed sense of pride in the United States even as they had come to distrust their government and the many elites who, they believed, had brought it to ruin. In the coming years many Americans looked for leaders who understood their point of view, who could take America out of the hands of various elites, and who could project an image of a strong and prosperous America. This new populism made possible a political realignment that sundered the New Deal coalition that had dominated American politics since 1936."
culture  intellectual  history  american-studies  america  1970s  movies 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Inside the GOP's Fact-Free Nation | Mother Jones
"Sure, there will always be liars in positions of influence—that's stipulated, as the lawyers say. And the media, God knows, have never been ideal watchdogs—the battleships that crossed the seas to avenge the sinking of the Maine attest to that. What's new is the way the liars and their enablers now work hand in glove. That I call a mendocracy, and it is the regime that governs us now."
politics  media  history  media-reform  lying  objectivity  balance  ideology  1970s  conservatism  republicans  deception  propaganda 
april 2011 by tsuomela
U.S. Intellectual History: The New Historiographic Consensus on the 1970s
"Central to this new historiographic consensus is another area of wide agreement: that the 1970s were a crucial decade for conservative political transformation
history  america  labor  evangelical  conservatism  1970s  new-deal 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Star Maidens
"The were patiently waiting for Space:1999 to return for its second year when a beguiling sci-fi series shuffled onto your screens, regional ITV scheduling permitting, for a brief thirteen weeks and then sloped off apologetically to disappear forever. Maybe you're here because you just vaguely believe you may have dreamt about a planet ruled by women dressed in platform boots (and perhaps you did - that's your own business), or maybe because you're a 'fan' infuriated by the lack of hard and fast info around on this series. Maybe you're just hoping to find pictures of Judy Geeson dressed as a space lady. Whatever brings you here - you're in luck. This site intends to bring you everything you ever wanted to know about Star Maidens but were afraid to ask."
television  tv  1970s  sf  fandom 
january 2011 by tsuomela
The Left's Media Miscalculation -
"The Right concentrated on gaining control of the information flows in Washington and on building a media infrastructure that would put out a consistent conservative message across the country. As part of this strategy, the Right also funded attack groups to target mainstream journalists who got in the way of the conservative agenda.

The Left largely forsook media in favor of “grassroots organizing.” As many of the Left’s flagship media outlets foundered, the “progressive community” reorganized under the slogan – “think globally, act locally” – and increasingly put its available money into well-intentioned projects, such as buying endangered wetlands or feeding the poor.

So, while the Right waged what it called “the war of ideas” and expanded the reach of conservative media to every corner of the nation, the Left trusted that local political action would reenergize American democracy."
media  media-studies  progressive  conservative  1970s  history 
january 2011 by tsuomela
Terry Heaton’s PoMo Blog » Blog Archive » What really started the decline in press trust?
The truth, according to the folks at Gallup, who’ve been following this since 1973, is that trust in the press began its decline in 1976. It has sharply declined ever since until today, 57% of Americans have little or no trust in the press to report the news “fully, accurately and fairly.” So a full 20 years prior to the Internet or Fox News, trust in the press began its slide.
The press changed forever during and in the wake of Watergate. Never before had the press “brought down” a sitting President of the United States. The Washington Post did this through an FBI source that we now know had an agenda.
But nobody asked the American public — that relentless cultural governor that we enjoy — if this was all right with them. Maybe the idea that a small group of people with the power to take down a sitting President wasn’t or isn’t to their liking. Perhaps it’s not so good for democracy.
media  media-studies  history  journalism  trust  1970s  poll 
november 2010 by tsuomela
That Seventies Show | The Nation
Rick Perlstein reviews 15 books about the history of the 1970s.
books  reviews  1970s  history  america  economics  conservatism  politics 
october 2010 by tsuomela
When It All Went Wrong | The American Prospect
Mark Schmitt reviews:
Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980, by Laura Kalman, W.W. Norton, 473 pages, $27.95
Stayin' Alive: The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class, by Jefferson Cowie, The New Press, 480 pages, $27.95
Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies, by Judith Stein, Yale University Press, 367 pages, $32.50
books  review  history  politcal-science  politics  america  1970s 
october 2010 by tsuomela
The Importance of the 1970s « The Baseline Scenario
That shift occurred in the 1970s because businesses and the super-rich began a process of political organization in the early 1970s that enabled them to pool their wealth and contacts to achieve dominant political influence (described in Chapter 5). To take one of the many statistics they provide, the number of companies with registered lobbyists in Washington grew from 175 in 1971 to nearly 2,500 in 1982 (p. 118). Money pouring into lobbying firms, political campaigns, and ideological think tanks created the organizational muscle that gave the Republicans a formidable institutional advantage by the 1980s. The Democrats have only reduced that advantage in the past two decades by becoming more like Republicans–more business-friendly, more anti-tax, and more dependent on money from the super-rich. And that dependency has severely limited both their ability and their desire to fight back on behalf of the middle class (let alone the poor), which has few defenders in Washington.
history  power  business  economics  1970s 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Aspen: The multimedia magazine in a box
This is a web version of Aspen, a multimedia magazine of the arts published by Phyllis Johnson from 1965 to 1971. Each issue came in a customized box filled with booklets, phonograph recordings, posters, postcards — one issue even included a spool of Super-8 movie film. It's all here.
magazine  history  art  criticism  1960s  1970s  archive  culture  literature  writing 
february 2010 by tsuomela
slacktivist: Killing in the name of
capsule history of the rise of evangelical christian abortion opposition
abortion  politics  evangelical  fundamentalism  history  1970s  1980s  movement 
june 2009 by tsuomela
TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | Countervailing Power Vacuum
The idea that countervailing power is needed to balance labor markets has faded over time, and I think the movement toward deregulation in the 1970s is part of the reason for this, and that economists were one of the driving forces behind this change.
economics  power  labor  history  1970s  conservatism  deregulation 
february 2009 by tsuomela
The Saga of the Golden Fleece: Why America Needs to Learn to Love Government Spending Once Again |
Tries to connect Democratic Senator William Proxmire's 'Golden Fleece' awards from the 1970s and 1980s to the current public rejection of all government spending. A good government idea taken to an absurd extreme by bad-faith Republicans.
history  deficit  government  spending  money  taxes  politics  1970s  1980s  fiscal-policy 
february 2009 by tsuomela
SSRN-The State of Macro by Olivier Blanchard
For a long while after the explosion of macroeconomics in the 1970s, the field looked like a battle field. Over time however, largely because facts do not go away, a largely shared vision both of fluctuations and of methodology has emerged. Not everything is fine. Like all revolutions, this one has come with the destruction of some knowledge, and suffers from extremism and herding. None of this is deadly however. The state of macro is good.

The first section sets the stage with a brief review of the past. The second argues that there has been broad convergence in vision, and the third reviews the specifics. The fourth focuses on convergence in methodology. The last looks at current challenges.
history  economics  macroeconomic  1970s  1980s  1990s 
january 2009 by tsuomela
Science News / Cooling Climate ‘consensus’ Of 1970s Never Was
When global warming skeptics draw misleading comparisons between scientists’ nascent understanding of climate processes in the 1970s and their level of knowledge today, “it’s absolute nonsense,” Schneider says. Back then, scientists were just beginning to study climate trends and their causes, and the probability of finding evidence to disprove a particular hypothesis was relatively high. Nowadays, he contends, “the likelihood of new evidence to overthrow the concept of global warming is small. Warming is virtually certain.”
environment  climate  global-warming  1970s  science  history  modeling  evidence  consensus 
december 2008 by tsuomela
if:book: art and technology, 1971
LACMA has announced that they've posted the long out-of-print catalogue for their 1971 Art and Technology show online in its entirety in both web and PDF format.
art  technology  1970s  1971  exhibit  catalog  online  digitization 
november 2008 by tsuomela
The CRA Blood Libel |
why we needed a Community Redevelopment Act in the first place. And, more importantly, why we still need one now.
economics  housing  affirmative-action  law  crisis  1970s  race  conservatism 
october 2008 by tsuomela
What happened in the world of Science Fiction between 1970 and 1980? There are 30 hotlinks here to authors, magazines, films, or television items elsewhere in the Ultimate Science Fiction Web Guide or beyond.
sf  history  timeline  1970s 
october 2008 by tsuomela
Ratfucking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ratfucking is an American slang term for political sabotage or dirty tricks. It was first brought to public attention by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein in their book All the President's Men.
politics  definition  ratfucking  propaganda  sabotage  1970s 
august 2008 by tsuomela
Girl, Interrupted
Patty Hearst caught our attention because she was an innocent and largely naive young woman who was being fought over, in public, by two powerful forces: her parents and “the culture” in its most extreme and violent manifestation.
1970s  culture  history  america  american-studies  feminism  radical 
august 2008 by tsuomela
Simon Reynolds tracks the history of electronica's Seventies pioneers | OMM | The Observer
Simon Reynolds tracks the history of electronica's Seventies pioneers whose influence stretches to infinity and beyond
music  electronic  history  1970s 
june 2007 by tsuomela

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