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tsuomela : action   35

Elegy for a Country’s Seasons by Zadie Smith | The New York Review of Books
"Oh, what have we done! It’s a biblical question, and we do not seem able to pull ourselves out of its familiar—essentially religious—cycle of shame, denial, and self-flagellation. This is why (I shall tell my granddaughter) the apocalyptic scenarios did not help—the terrible truth is that we had a profound, historical attraction to apocalypse. In the end, the only thing that could create the necessary traction in our minds was the intimate loss of the things we loved. Like when the seasons changed in our beloved little island, or when the lights went out on the fifteenth floor, or the day I went into an Italian garden in early July, with its owner, a woman in her eighties, and upon seeing the scorched yellow earth and withered roses, and hearing what only the really old people will confess—in all my years I’ve never seen anything like it—I found my mind finally beginning to turn from the elegiac what have we done to the practical what can we do?"
climate  climate-change  global-warming  religion  belief  argument  action 
march 2014 by tsuomela
The Dragons of Inaction: Psychological Barriers That Limit Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation | CORPUS
"Most people think climate change and sustainability are
important problems, but too few global citizens engaged in
high-greenhouse-gas-emitting behavior are engaged in
enough mitigating behavior to stem the increasing flow of
greenhouse gases and other environmental problems. Why
is that? Structural barriers such as a climate-averse infrastructure
are part of the answer, but psychological barriers
also impede behavioral choices that would facilitate mitigation,
adaptation, and environmental sustainability. Although
many individuals are engaged in some ameliorative
action, most could do more, but they are hindered by seven
categories of psychological barriers, or “dragons of inaction”:
limited cognition about the problem, ideological
worldviews that tend to preclude pro-environmental attitudes
and behavior, comparisons with key other people,
sunk costs and behavioral momentum, discredence toward
experts and authorities, perceived risks of change, and
positive but inadequate behavior change. Structural barriers
must be removed wherever possible, but this is unlikely
to be sufficient. Psychologists must work with other scientists,
technical experts, and policymakers to help citizens
overcome these psychological barriers."
climate-change  global-warming  environment  psychology  action  individual 
april 2012 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Neil Gross's pragmatist sociology
"What makes this set of assumptions a "pragmatist" approach? Fundamentally, because it understands the actor as situated within a field of assumptions, modes of behavior, ways of perceiving
action  agents  structure  norms  sociology  explanation  philosophy  pragmatism  theory  social-theory  rationality 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Keeping the Keys to the Kingdom « Easily Distracted
"Some of them add that they do not trust individuals to arrive at the same goals through repeated exercises in discretionary judgment. The system must do the work automatically, it must create a blanket of rules and laws, in order for projects like diversity or sustainability to avoid subversion and accident at the hands of individuals.

That push comes from a lot of places: an embedded haze of perpetual suspicion that suffuses academia, an inability or unwillingness to investigate whether some goals are hard to achieve whether or not anyone opposes or impedes them, and most of all, a touching but naive faith in the power of institutions to do anything if only we can find the correct systems to secure an objective. "
institutions  dreams  proceduralism  action  judgment 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Actor–observer bias - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"The hypothesis of an "actor–observer asymmetry" was first proposed by social psychologists, Jones and Nisbett in 1971. They hypothesized that “actors tend to attribute the causes of their behavior to stimuli inherent in the situation, while observers tend to attribute behavior to stable dispositions of the actor” (Jones
psychology  interpersonal  fundamental-attribution-error  attribution  self  other  action  wikipedia 
march 2011 by tsuomela
LRB · David Bromwich · The Fastidious President
His eloquence finds its natural key not in explanations but in statements of purpose. Obama wants credit for the highest intentions even when conceding that he lacks the will to fulfil them. The trouble is that a politician who says what he would like to do and then fails to do it leaves himself open to attack on both counts. You disappoint your supporters and at the same time give notice to your enemies that the thing they stopped you from doing was the thing you would have liked to do.
politics  obama  rhetoric  speech  speaking  action  eloquence  explanation  purpose  intention  policies  fastidious  power 
november 2010 by tsuomela
How To Live Forever! Or Why Habits Are A Curse : 13.7: Cosmos And Culture : NPR
So now we come to the crux: time goes faster as you get older, but this is because, as a general rule, by the time we are older, we have settled in on the story lines and narrative arcs by which we structure our lives. We sign on as wife, potter, architect, bar tender, business person, or whatever, and so our lives are governed by time- and event- structures (shifts, projects, pregnancies, etc.) that have nothing to do with biological or physical time. We have become expert wives, potters, architects and now we are the expressions of our own routinized skill.
automaticity  psychology  perception  time  philosophy  action 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Uncertainty and climate change — Crooked Timber
it’s a straightforward implication of standard economic analysis that the more uncertainty is the rate of climate change the stronger is the optimal policy response. That’s because, in the economic jargon, the damage function is convex. To explain this, think about the central IPCC projection of a 3.5 degrees increase in global mean temperature, which would imply significant but moderate economic damage (maybe a long-run loss of 5-10 per cent of GDP, depending on how you value ecosystem effects). In the most optimistic case, that might be totally wrong – there might be no warming and no damage. But precisely because this is a central projection it implies an equal probability that the warming will be 7 degrees, which would be utterly catastrophic. So, a calculation that takes account of uncertainty implies greater expected losses from inaction and therefore a stronger case for action.
climate  global-warming  economics  policy  environment  trade  politics  uncertainty  optimum  action 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Alfred R. Mele - Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will - Reviewed by Manuel Vargas, University of San Francisco - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
Alfred R. Mele, Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will, Oxford UP, 2009
"Al Mele's latest book -- Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will -- is a valuable response and an important corrective to the recent wave of neuroscientific willusionism. Focusing primarily on the work of Libet and Wegner, Mele shows how familiarity with some distinctions regarding action and agency can illuminate existing neuroscientific data on the will. In particular, he demonstrates how the most striking claims of the willusionists depend on an implausible and crude picture of human agency."
book  review  philosophy  action  will-power  psychology  neuroscience  willusionist 
september 2009 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Marx's theory of political behavior
What assumptions underlie Marx's analysis of the political behavior of class? I would say that his theory comes down to three elements: a theory of individual means-end rationality, a theory of ideology, and a theory of class consciousness.
marxism  about(KarlMarx)  social  action  politics  19c 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Irrelevant rationality
However - and here Bunting is right and the new atheists mistaken - irrationality is a ubiquitous and in some ways desirable aspect of life.
religion  atheism  faith  action  activism  rationality  irrationality  value  philosophy 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Lance Mannion: Ronald Reagan, the cell phone guy, and the myth of the deserving poor
"By teaching us to think of Government as the problem he taught us to think of our collective selves, we the People of the United States, as our own enemies. He taught us to cut ourselves off from the People, to withdraw into 250 million nations of one. He taught us to reject the strongest and best tool we have for improving our lives, joining hands with our fellow Americans to solve our problems together as a nation."
commonwealth  action  politics  history  about(RonaldReagan)  conservatism  government  rhetoric 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Cognitive Edge - Phronesis
Artistole distinguished between two intellectual virtues: Sophia and Phronesis. The former is the ability to think about the nature of the world, deliberation in respect of universal truths something that we would now commonly associate with science. The latter is the capacity to act in such a way as to improve the quality of life but with reflection. [Barry] Schwartz is talking about phronesis but while I applaud what he says we need to be careful to realise that both intellectual virtues are necessary. This is what I have previously referred to a theory informed practice which is some fields can be rephrased as ethically informed practice.
philosophy  sophia  phronesis  practice  theory  action  morality  ethics  learning 
march 2009 by tsuomela
The Point | Make Something Happen
The Point is a platform for group action, helping you make things happen that you couldn't accomplish alone.
collaboration  action  collective  activism 
april 2008 by tsuomela
Action learning and action research
Action learning can be defined as a process in which a group of people come together more or less regularly to help each other to learn from their experience.
education  theory  action  research  learning 
june 2007 by tsuomela

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