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[1904.04736] Cold Storage Data Archives: More Than Just a Bunch of Tapes
"The abundance of available sensor and derived data from large scientific experiments, such as earth observation programs, radio astronomy sky surveys, and high-energy physics already exceeds the storage hardware globally fabricated per year. To that end, cold storage data archives are the---often overlooked---spearheads of modern big data analytics in scientific, data-intensive application domains. While high-performance data analytics has received much attention from the research community, the growing number of problems in designing and deploying cold storage archives has only received very little attention. In this paper, we take the first step towards bridging this gap in knowledge by presenting an analysis of four real-world cold storage archives from three different application domains. In doing so, we highlight (i) workload characteristics that differentiate these archives from traditional, performance-sensitive data analytics, (ii) design trade-offs involved in building cold storage systems for these archives, and (iii) deployment trade-offs with respect to migration to the public cloud. Based on our analysis, we discuss several other important research challenges that need to be addressed by the data management community. "
archives  data-curation  big-data  science  computational-science 
april 2019 by tsuomela
Dispossessed Lives | Marisa J. Fuentes
"In the eighteenth century, Bridgetown, Barbados, was heavily populated by both enslaved and free women. Marisa J. Fuentes creates a portrait of urban Caribbean slavery in this colonial town from the perspective of these women whose stories appear only briefly in historical records. Fuentes takes us through the streets of Bridgetown with an enslaved runaway; inside a brothel run by a freed woman of color; in the midst of a white urban household in sexual chaos; to the gallows where enslaved people were executed; and within violent scenes of enslaved women's punishments. In the process, Fuentes interrogates the archive and its historical production to expose the ongoing effects of white colonial power that constrain what can be known about these women. Combining fragmentary sources with interdisciplinary methodologies that include black feminist theory and critical studies of history and slavery, Dispossessed Lives demonstrates how the construction of the archive marked enslaved women's bodies, in life and in death. By vividly recounting enslaved life through the experiences of individual women and illuminating their conditions of confinement through the legal, sexual, and representational power wielded by slave owners, colonial authorities, and the archive, Fuentes challenges the way we write histories of vulnerable and often invisible subjects."
book  publisher  history  archives  slavery 
august 2018 by tsuomela
The Future of Email Archives • CLIR
"Email is an increasingly important part of the historical record, yet it is particularly difficult to preserve, putting future access to this vast resource at risk. The Future of Email Archives looks at what makes email archiving so complex and describes emerging strategies to meet the challenge. The report presents the findings of a yearlong investigation of the Task Force on Technical Approaches for Email Archives, sponsored by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Digital Preservation Coalition. The 19-member task force, comprising representatives from higher education, government, and industry, was co-chaired by Christopher Prom, of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Kate Murray, of the Library of Congress. Addressing the challenges will require commitment and engagement from a wide variety of stakeholders. The task force proposes a series of short- and long-term actions for community development and advocacy, as well as for tool support, testing, and development. The report is intended for the archival community, digital preservation professionals, technologists and software developers, commercial vendors, historians and scholars, institutional administrators, and funding agencies and foundations."
archives  web-archive  email  records 
august 2018 by tsuomela
osf.io
"In the last 25 years we have seen the web enable new digital means for historians to reach broader publics and audiences. Over that same period of time, archives and archivists have been exploring and engaging with related strands of digital transformation. In one strand, similar focus on community work through digital means has emerged in both areas. While historians have been developing a community of practice around public history, archivists and archives have similarly been reframing their work as more user-centered and more closely engaged with communities and their records. A body of archival work and scholarship has emerged around the function of community archives that presents significant possibilities for further connections with the practices of history and historians. In a second strand, strategies for understanding and preserving digital cultural heritage have also taken shape. While historians have begun exploring using tools to produce new forms of digital scholarship, archivists and archives have been working to both develop methods to care for and make available digital material. Archivists have established tools, workflows, vocabulary and infrastructure for digital archives, and they have also managed the digitization of collections to expand access. At the intersection of these two developments, we see a significant convergence between the needs and practices of public historians and archivists. Historians’ new forms of scholarship increasingly function as forms of knowledge infrastructure. Archivists work on systems for enabling access to collections are themselves anchored in longstanding commitments to infrastructure for enabling the use of records. At this convergence, there is a significant opportunity for historians to begin to connect more with archivists as peers, as experts in questions of the structure and order of sources and records. In this essay we explore the ways that archives, archivists, and archival practice are evolving around both analog and digital activities that are highly relevant for those interested in working in digital public history."
history  archives 
august 2018 by tsuomela
The Governance and Recordkeeping Around the World Newsletter - Library and Archives Canada
"Governance and Recordkeeping Around The World is a free, online newsletter that explores and highlights issues pertaining to government and recordkeeping practices in the public and private sector. It will help readers stay up-to-date with the latest news, events, trends, products and publications in the field of public administration and recordkeeping."
newsletter  government  information  archives 
january 2018 by tsuomela
About POWRR - Digital POWRR: Digital Preservation Research
"Since its inception in 2012, the Preserving digital Objects With Restricted Resources (Digital POWRR) Project has endeavored to make digital preservation more accessible to a wider range of professionals."
digital-library  preservation  archives 
december 2017 by tsuomela
How can we improve our web collection? An evaluation of webarchiving at the KB National Library of the Netherlands (2007-2017) | Zenodo
"The Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the Dutch National Library (KB-NL), started in 2007 the project “web archiving” based on a selection of Dutch websites. The initial selection of 1,000 websites has currently grown into over 12,000 selected web sites, crawled on different intervals. Although due to legal restrictions the current use is limited to the KB-NL reading room, it is important that the KB-NL includes the requirements of the (future) users in her approach of creating a web collection. With respect to the long term preservation of the collection, we also need to incorporate the requirements for long term archiving in our approach, as described in the Open Archival Information Model (OAIS)1. This article describes the results of a research project on web archiving and the web collection of archived sites in the KB-NL, investigating the following questions. What is web archiving in the Netherlands? What are the selection criteria of KB-NL and how are these related to what can be found on the Dutch web by the contemporary user? What is the influence of the choice of tools we use to harvest on the final archived website? Do we know enough of the value of the web collection and the potential usage of it by researchers and how can we improve this value? This article will describe the outcomes of the research, the conclusions and advice that can be drawn from it and will hopefully inspire broader discussions about the essence of creating web collections for long term preservation as part of cultural heritage."
web-archive  assessment  collecting  archives 
november 2017 by tsuomela
DataLumos
"DataLumos is an ICPSR archive for valuable government data resources. ICPSR has a long commitment to safekeeping and disseminating US government and other social science data. DataLumos accepts deposits of public data resources from the community and recommendations of public data resources that ICPSR itself might add to DataLumos."
data  data-curation  government  crowdsourcing  preservation  archives  repository 
february 2017 by tsuomela
Welcome - Data Refuge
"DataRefuge helps to build refuge for federal data and supports climate and environmental research and advocacy. We are committed to fact-based arguments. DataRefuge preserves the facts we need at a time of ongoing climate change. "
data-curation  politics  government  preservation  archives 
february 2017 by tsuomela
XFR Collective
"XFR Collective is a non-profit organization that partners with artists, activists, individuals, and groups to lower the barriers to preserving at-risk audiovisual media – especially unseen, unheard, or marginalized works – by providing low-cost digitization services and fostering a community of support for archiving and access through education, research, and cultural engagement."
archives  citizen  volunteer  amateur  diversity  minorities  media  digital 
february 2017 by tsuomela
Ensuring the Future of the Digital Scholarly Record | The Keepers Registry Blog
"Working Together to Ensure the Future of the Digital Scholarly Record is a statement that outlines the actions now required to tackle the evolving challenges of preserving and ensuring the long term accessibility of digital scholarship. Addressing publishers, research libraries and national libraries, the statement sets out a series of recommended activities that they can undertake to support archiving and preservation initiatives. Published in four languages, it represents the consensus of preservation specialists, archivists, librarians and technologists, who participated in an invited workshop held as part of the Keepers Extra project in Paris on the 6th and 7th of June 2016."
archives  scholarly-communication  preservation  records  journals  publishing 
december 2016 by tsuomela
Society of American Archivists Foundation Grant Application Process and Guidelines | Society of American Archivists
"The SAAF Board awards grants that meet the mission and goals of the SAA Foundation and the strategic planning priorities of the Society of American Archivists. These statements provide a broad spectrum of possible ways to enhance the work of archivists and serve as guiding tools for the Board’s fund-raising and grant-making activities. Applicants are expected to make direct and substantive reference to the way(s) in which an award of funds will advance one or more of the strategic goals of the SAA Foundation and/or the Society of American Archivists. To set reasonable expectations for applicants, the Board endeavors to publicize special concerns within the SAAF funding priorities and invite applications in those areas."
funding  foundation  archives  research  grants 
october 2016 by tsuomela
Journal of Contemporary Archival Studies | Yale University
"The Journal of Contemporary Archival Studies (JCAS) is sponsored by the Yale University Library and New England Archivists (NEA), and is hosted by Yale University Library’s institutional repository, EliScholar. JCAS is currently accepting submissions of original works of research and inquiry from professionals and graduate students in library science, archival science, and public history."
journal  archives 
june 2016 by tsuomela
news.docnow.io
Could an archival 'deed of gift' be translated into social media collections?
web-archive  ethics  archives  principles  professional  gifts  social-media 
june 2016 by tsuomela
ePADD | Stanford University Libraries
"ePADD is a software package developed by Stanford University's Special Collections & University Archives that supports archival processes around the appraisal, ingest, processing, discovery, and delivery of email archives."
email  archives  appraisal  collection  management 
june 2016 by tsuomela
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