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tsuomela : argument   86

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Rebecca Tuvel, Amy Cuddy, and “bullying” in academia.
Proposes an interesting overlap between reactions to Rebecca Tuval paper on transracialism and Amy Cuddy on power poses. Who is defending whom and why? What role do senior scholars play?
academia  intellectual  argument  social-media  outrage  harassment  replication  philosophy  science 
may 2017 by tsuomela
The Argument Economy — The Atlantic
The "take" news genre which ties some issue to a current news story.
journalism  media  newspaper  news  genre  argument 
april 2015 by tsuomela
Elegy for a Country’s Seasons by Zadie Smith | The New York Review of Books
"Oh, what have we done! It’s a biblical question, and we do not seem able to pull ourselves out of its familiar—essentially religious—cycle of shame, denial, and self-flagellation. This is why (I shall tell my granddaughter) the apocalyptic scenarios did not help—the terrible truth is that we had a profound, historical attraction to apocalypse. In the end, the only thing that could create the necessary traction in our minds was the intimate loss of the things we loved. Like when the seasons changed in our beloved little island, or when the lights went out on the fifteenth floor, or the day I went into an Italian garden in early July, with its owner, a woman in her eighties, and upon seeing the scorched yellow earth and withered roses, and hearing what only the really old people will confess—in all my years I’ve never seen anything like it—I found my mind finally beginning to turn from the elegiac what have we done to the practical what can we do?"
climate  climate-change  global-warming  religion  belief  argument  action 
march 2014 by tsuomela
There Are More Things on Heaven and Earth Than Dreamt of in Your Critique | Easily Distracted
"overall frustrations I have with large strains and tendencies in work that I want to like more than I do, including issues I sometimes see in the writing of my students. So here are six tendencies that I have a problem with:"
criticism  critique  culture  academia  style  argument 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Academic assholes and the circle of niceness | The Thesis Whisperer
"In his best selling book ‘The No Asshole Rule’ Robert Sutton, a professor at Stanford University, has a lot to say on the topic of, well, assholes in the workplace. The book is erudite and amusing in equal measures and well worth reading especially for the final chapter where Sutton examines the advantages of being an asshole. He cites work by Teresa Amabile, who did a series of controlled experiments using fictitious book reviews. While the reviews themselves essentially made the same observations about the books, the tone in which the reviewers expressed their observations was tweaked to be either nice or nasty. What Amabile found was: … negative or unkind people were seen as less likeable but more intelligent, competent and expert than those who expressed the the same messages in gentler ways"
personality  argument  behavior  academia  intelligence  expertise  appearance 
march 2013 by tsuomela
The Moral Roots of Environmental Attitudes
"Americans’ attitudes about the environment are highly polarized, but it is unclear why this is the case. We conducted five studies to examine this issue. Studies 1a and 1b demonstrated that liberals, but not conservatives, view the environment in moral terms and that this tendency partially explains the relation between political ideology and environmental attitudes. Content analyses of newspaper op-eds (Study 2a) and public-service announcements (Study 2b) found that contemporary environmental discourse is based largely on moral concerns related to harm and care, which are more deeply held by liberals than by conservatives. However, we found that reframing proenvironmental rhetoric in terms of purity, a moral value resonating primarily among conservatives, largely eliminated the difference between liberals’ and conservatives’ environmental attitudes (Study 3). These results establish the importance of moralization as a cause of polarization on environmental attitudes and suggest that reframing environmental discourse in different moral terms can reduce the gap between liberals and conservatives in environmental concern."
environment  global-warming  climate-change  morality  ideology  argument  bias 
december 2012 by tsuomela
Silent Majority Millennials - By Connor Kilpatrick - The eXiled
"As much fun as it is to kick around the Boomers, we gotta move past it. Generational politics is a dead-end. Fuck it, someone slap the shit out of me if I ever say the word “Millennial’ after this. Because once we’ve set up this economic collapse as nothing more than generational warfare, we’re already lost–we’ve created a narrative which the wealthy can easily co-opt and spin for their own fiendish ends.

So keep your eyes on the prize, Millennials: it’s capitalism that’s the problem. Not the grey-hairs."
generational-analysis  generation  politics  argument  capitalism  social-security  propaganda 
april 2012 by tsuomela
“Future generations” are already here — Crooked Timber
"Furthermore, by the nature of overlapping generations, there is no point at which a coherent distinction between current and future generations can be drawn. In the absence of some general catastrophe, many children alive today will still be alive in 2100, at which time people already alive will reasonably be able to anticipate the possibility of survival well into the 22nd century."
philosophy  future  generation  intergenerational  argument 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : What Is Econ Advice?
"Imagine that economists were surveyed and had to choose how they’d best like to describe economic policy recommendations, as:

Morals – Arguing for the morality of actions,
Deals – Helping groups find and make deals, or
Showing Off – Academics do hard things in order to be certified by other academics as impressive, so that students, patrons, and readers can gain status by affiliating with them. Economic policy analysis is such a hard thing.

I’d bet that at least 25% would choose option #2, and even more among those whose style leans sci/tech. And #2 seems to me a better public face for economists to present to the world – economists will prosper more overall if they say this is what they are doing."
economics  argument  purpose  genre  academic  communication  style 
february 2012 by tsuomela
“One of the easiest ways to differentiate an economist from almost anyone else in society” « Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science
I’m not saying that arguments based on rationality are necessarily wrong in particular cases. (I can’t very well say that, given that I wrote an article on why it can be rational to vote.) I’m just trying to understand how pop-economics can so rapidly swing back and forth between opposing positions. And I think it’s coming from the comforting presence of rationality and efficiency in both formulations. It’s ok to distinguish economists from ordinary people (economists are rational and think the unthinkable, ordinary people don’t) and it’s also ok to distinguish economists from other social scientists (economists think ordinary people are rational, other social scientists believe in “culture”). You just have to be careful not to make both arguments in the same paragraph.
economics  rationality  academic  boundaries  boundary-policing  argument  form  genre 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Towards an Opt-Out Button in Left-Liberal Debates | Easily Distracted
"In terms of the debt ceiling issue in specific, I feel like this is sort of the Cuban Missile Crisis of my middle-aged life and you know what? At this point I almost just want them to get it over with and fire off the policy nukes. Just go ahead and wreck it all, because if we’ve come to the point where there’s a significant political faction with real social foundations that so thoroughly hates its fever-dream boogeyman vision of “government” that nothing else and no one else matters, we’re just going to be stuck right at a perpetual blockade line, a permanent schism. "
politics  argument  stalemate  america  debt  debate  medium-chill  good-enough 
july 2011 by tsuomela
The Argumentative Theory | Conversation | Edge
""The article,” Haidt said, "is a review of a puzzle that has bedeviled researchers in cognitive psychology and social cognition for a long time. The puzzle is, why are humans so amazingly bad at reasoning in some contexts, and so amazingly good in others?"

"Reasoning was not designed to pursue the truth. Reasoning was designed by evolution to help us win arguments. That's why they call it The Argumentative Theory of Reasoning. So, as they put it, "The evidence reviewed here shows not only that reasoning falls quite short of reliably delivering rational beliefs and rational decisions. It may even be, in a variety of cases, detrimental to rationality. Reasoning can lead to poor outcomes, not because humans are bad at it, but because they systematically strive for arguments that justify their beliefs or their actions. This explains the confirmation bias, motivated reasoning, and reason-based choice, among other things.""
cognition  psychology  bias  decision-making  argument  evolution  rationality  reasoning  theory  confirmation-bias  belief  justification 
may 2011 by tsuomela
Slippery Slopes to Nowhere
"The fear of slippery slopes is not the fear of a legislative or judicial process leading by its own wicked logic to the abandonment of common sense. It’s the fear of cultural change. Or rather, the fear that the future will not always agree with you. Less charitably, it’s the fear that you might just be plumb wrong on a lot of things that you would find highly embarrassing to reconsider."
argument  slippery-slope  change  fear 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Why Friends Don’t Let Friends Cite The Atlantic’s “Business and Economics Editor”: Further to the Megan McArdle is Always Wrong chronicles. « The Inverse Square Blog
It seems to me that what we read in McArdle here is a genteel excursion into Andrew Breitbart territory.  Like the Big Hollywood thug, she misleads by contraction, by the omission of necessary context, by simply making stuff up when she thinks no one will check (again, see the footnotes for examples).  And like Breitbart, she does so here to achieve a more than on goal
politics  argument  rhetoric  strategy  character-assassination  consumer-protection 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Darwin's Literary Models
It may not be structured like a journal paper, but "On the Origin of Species" was written according to classical rules of rhetoric.
darwin  charles  logic  rhetoric  argument  style  writing  science  persuasion  19c  evolution  biology  communication  scholarly-communication 
may 2010 by tsuomela
Metamagician and the Hellfire Club: Doing what comes supernaturally: Stanley Fish on fact and value
Russell Blackford responds to Stanley Fish column on secular reason and discourse. "The arguments developed by liberals since Locke's time are to do with the clumsiness of the state's powers, historical experience, and the practical need to accept reasonable social pluralism ("reasonable" because, at least beyond a certain point, we need not tolerate the intolerant). They do not depend at any stage on a naive denial of the fact/value distinction."
secularism  liberalism  reason  religion  ethics  government  power  argument  postmodern  public-reason  discourse 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Are There Secular Reasons? - Opinionator Blog - NYTimes.com
Stanley Fish comments on and confuses secular/liberal discourses. "But no matter who delivers the lesson, its implication is clear. Insofar as modern liberal discourse rests on a distinction between reasons that emerge in the course of disinterested observation — secular reasons — and reasons that flow from a prior metaphysical commitment, it hasn’t got a leg to stand on."
secularism  liberalism  reason  religion  ethics  government  power  argument  postmodern  public-reason  discourse 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Online debate community for logical, passionate people - CreateDebate
CreateDebate is a social tool that democratizes the decision-making process through online debate
online  tool  debate  discussion  argument  dialogue  social  community  web2.0  polls 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Rachel Maddow & The Mythical Rational Right
Tackles the repeated hope of liberals to find an "honest and rational" debating partner among the Republicans. Concludes that this won't happen anytime soon.
politics  republicans  right-wing  america  argument  rational  debate 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Open Left:: On Being Hated In a Nation of Assholes
I'll put it bluntly: We are becoming a nation of haters - a nation, really, of assholes, or at least dominated by assholes. And sure, maybe we've always been that way - but what's different is that it's become almost impossible to pretend otherwise. There's no more delusions, no more fantasies. Despising one another and ignoring the substance of issues has become the defining mark of Americanness in the 21st century - and that's a tragedy.
politics  discourse  disagreement  argument  ideology  polarization  hatred  civility  decency 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Of Cranks and Olives « Larval Subjects .
The true measure of a successful philosophy, I think, is whether or not it becomes a difference engine. As I understand it, a difference engine is an entity that is perpetually adept at producing differences. This is not an egalitarian, happy go lucky free for all. There will be antagonisms, conflicts, wars, and so on.
philosophy  purpose  trolls  criticism  opposition  disagreement  argument 
august 2009 by tsuomela
slacktivist: The Long March of the Koalas
You'll never get anywhere talking to these folks [young earth creationists] unless you confront that fundamental error. Their hostility to science and their appalling theology are big problems -- unsustainably life-distorting problems -- but they both derive from this deeper mistake. If you can't get them to accept that their fundamental false dichotomy is, in fact, false -- that they are not forced to choose either impossible antiscience or cruel nihilism -- then they will never be able to consider any other possibilities.
evolution  evangelical  creationism  intelligent-design  argument  nihilism  fear  rhetoric  strategy 
august 2009 by tsuomela
I cite: Anticipation
Have we been inhabiting a similar affective environment over the past nine years? ...The debate around health care has the same kind of feeling as the build up to the war in Iraq, which is somewhat puzzling but which might account at least in part for the media frenzy around the town hall meetings. How is it that health care becomes death panels? Perhaps the answer is in the affective environment we are so reluctant to leave.
politics  emotion  affect  environment  argument  town-hall  fascism  culture 
august 2009 by tsuomela
slacktivist: Those pearls won't clutch themselves
It's the ritual. This is what we do in America. You're going to have to play along. Stop accusing liars of lying and just say they offend you, like you're supposed to do. This is American politics, it's not about true or false or right or wrong, it's about your feelings. You're just going to have to learn to play by the rules. Those pearls won't clutch themselves.
religion  argument  american  style 
august 2009 by tsuomela
slacktivist: An argument
An imagined argument that Sarah Palin is lying.
extremism  argument  form  lying  truth  fundamentalism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
The Grid of Disputation | Cosmic Variance | Discover Magazine
Grid of Disputation. It’s just a reminder that, when it comes to other people’s views on controversial issues, they should be classified within a two-dimensional parameter space, not just on a single line of “agree/disagree.” The other dimension is the all-important “sensible/crazy” axis.
argument  disagreement  debate  dialogue 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Less Wrong: Raising the Sanity Waterline
Consider this thought experiment - what could you teach people that is not directly about religion, which is true and useful as a general method of rationality, which would cause them to lose their religions?
religion  atheism  argument  rationality 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Engine and Caboose, On the Same Track « Easily Distracted
Timothy Burke reads a David Brooks column and then writes a much longer essay about how to make the column better. Epistemological modesty means much more than Brooks has ever dreamed of.
commentary  politics  rhetoric  argument  howto  conservative  conservatism  epistemology  humility 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Maverick Philosopher: Retortion and Non-Contradiction in Aristotle, Metaphysics, Gamma 3, 4
"Retortion is the philosophical procedure whereby one seeks to establish a thesis by uncovering a performative inconsistency in anyone who attempts to deny it."
philosophy  logic  argument  methods  retortion  about(Aristotle) 
february 2009 by tsuomela
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