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tsuomela : authority   19

Locus Online Perspectives » David Brin: Our Favorite Cliché — A World Filled With Idiots…, or,Why Films and Novels Routinely Depict Society and its Citizens as Fools
"It can be hard to notice things you take for granted — assumptions that are never questioned, because everyone shares them. One of these nearly ubiquitous themes is a tendency for most authors and/or film-makers to disdain the intelligence and wisdom of society as a whole, portraying a majority of their fellow citizens as sheep or fools."
fiction  perception  groups  societies  authority  trust  literature  cliche  intelligence  groupthink  bureaucracy  infrastructure 
january 2013 by tsuomela
I’m There, You’re Not, Let Me Tell You About It » Pressthink
"Which is true. The way I like to phrase that idea is in the title of this post: “I’m there, you’re not, let me tell you about it.” This, I think, is the original source–headwaters–for all forms of authority in journalism. By “authority” I simply mean the right to be listened to, a legitimate claim on public attention. You begin to have authority as a journalist not when you work for a brand name in news (although that helps) but when you offer a report that users cannot easily get on their own. If we go way back in journalism history, the first people to claim this kind of authority were those who could say… I’m there, you’re not, let me tell you about it."
journalism  media  authority  experience  presence  media-studies 
march 2012 by tsuomela
Polity IV Project: Home Page
"The Polity conceptual scheme is unique in that it examines concomitant qualities of democratic and autocratic authority in governing institutions, rather than discreet and mutually exclusive forms of governance. This perspective envisions a spectrum of governing authority that spans from fully institutionalized autocracies through mixed, or incoherent, authority regimes (termed "anocracies") to fully institutionalized democracies. The "Polity Score" captures this regime authority spectrum on a 21-point scale ranging from -10 (hereditary monarchy) to 10 (consolidated democracy). "
political-science  statistics  authority  scale  global  international 
august 2011 by tsuomela
The Persistence of Belief in a Flat Earth « Roger Launius's Blog
"A fascinating issues to be considered when thinking about such things as belief in a flat Earth, it seems to me, revolves around issues of scientific versus other types of authority. A hallmark of the scientific revolution was the privileging of scientific knowledge over other types—political, religious, economic, social, or cultural. Deference to this authority reached a zenith in the middle twentieth century, as it embedded intrinsically into the philosophy of Progressivism at the turn of the century emphasizing professionalism and scientific and technological expertise over politics in the solving of national problems."
science  authority  flat-earth  mythology  myth  expertise  20c  power 
february 2011 by tsuomela
The uncomfortable truth about mind control: Is free will simply a myth? - Features, Health
Interview with participant in Milgram obedience experiment and commentary on history of experiment.
psychology  history  experiments  behavior  obedience  authority 
january 2011 by tsuomela
WikiLeaks and Assange pretend there are no consequences -
These smaller dots aren't famous. They're foreign nationals. They could be clerks and janitors and such. They have names and friends and families. And soon, one dot is tied to another dot is tied to another dot.

Once they're connected, a door is kicked in by the security forces. The dot is put into the back seat of the car, then driven to a place where sunshine does not illuminate anything. And nobody notifies Assange about what became of the dot or its family.

By then, they're not dots anymore. They're not abstractions. They're real people. Or they were. And that's something that Assange — who reasons like a child — pretends not to understand.
wikileaks  criticism  secrecy  security  literacy  classification  diplomacy  authority  intelligence  spying 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Jimmy Johnson: Of Wikileaks and Literacy
It is common sense that some things must be kept secret for the greater good. Despite modern state secrecy being barely half a century old, this is deeply ingrained in the public mind. ...So dominant is the positive narrative of state secrecy that such basic questions like, "If something is too dangerous or embarrassing to even talk about, perhaps we should not do that thing," seem starry-eyed and hopelessly naive. But that it is common sense does not mean it is good sense and when the volume of secret literature exceeds that of the transparent world it is a question that must be asked. This modern development of an exclusively literate caste holding 'legitimate knowledge' is, at best, a highly questionable outcome.
wikileaks  progressive  secrecy  security  literacy  classification  history  diplomacy  authority 
december 2010 by tsuomela
The Paradox of Scientific Authority - The MIT Press
Today, scientific advice is asked for (and given) on questions ranging from stem-cell research to genetically modified food. And yet it often seems that the more urgently scientific advice is solicited, the more vigorously scientific authority is questioned by policy makers, stakeholders, and citizens. This book examines a paradox: how scientific advice can be influential in society even when the status of science and scientists seems to be at a low ebb. The authors do this by means of an ethnographic study of the creation of scientific authority at one of the key sites for the interaction of science, policy, and society: the scientific advisory committee.
book  publisher  science  policy  effects  sts  authority 
august 2010 by tsuomela
Oxford Bibliographies Online
Welcome to Oxford Bibliographies Online, your expert guide to the best available scholarship across the social sciences and humanities.
publisher  reference  research  bibliography  academic  resources  humanities  authority 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Who Says : CJR
And journalism, fundamentally, needs an end point. It needs takeaways and conclusions and here-you-gos. What works in literature (endless context, and therefore endless interpretation and inference) simply does not work in journalism—which, as pragmatic narrative, must come to some resolution in order to achieve its ends. Our obsession, in other words, with authors—with writers’ personal identities, with outlets’ institutional biases, with brands’ political proclivities—has compromised the ability of journalism to be an actor in the world, to be a provider for democracy. It has made news reporting—which, at its best, holds a mirror to society so that we might act upon the image it reflects—into, instead, a hall of mirrors. Infinitely reflective. Infinitely refractive. And infinitely reductive.
journalism  media  news  authority  authorship  institutions  narrative  objectivity  goals  theory 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Orcinus - Blame It On the Parents
But Hannah Arendt, Alice Miller, David Hackett Fischer, and George Lakoff have all argued persuasively that what our parents teach us about power has a resounding effect on how we relate to power as adults. If we want to create a progressive world, we have to start by teaching the kids that they have the right to listen to their own voices, recognize and defend their own boundaries, and choose which authorities they will invest with their respect and submission. Democracy, like everything else, starts at home.
politics  psychology  authority  family  children  parent 
april 2009 by tsuomela
PsycNET - Replicating Milgram: Would people still obey today?
The author conducted a partial replication of Stanley Milgram's (1963, 1965, 1974) obedience studies that allowed for useful comparisons with the original investigations while protecting the well-being of participants. (Abstract only for non-subscribers)
psychology  obedience  authority  culture  about(StanleyMilgram)  experiments 
february 2009 by tsuomela » Michel Bauwens and the Peer Production Economy
Peer production thus abandons “credentialism” – a system of control used in modernity to protect information within a group, said Bauwens. Guilds, churches and universities are examples. In a p2p network, however, instead of making selections about work at the beginning, based on credentials, selection comes at the end, based on collective judgments.
peer-production  commons  credential  authority  economics 
december 2008 by tsuomela

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