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tsuomela : automation   47

RDA Research Data Collections WG Recommendations | RDA
"Recent efforts of the Research Data Alliance have established a conceptual model for the management of research data that promotes the use of digital objects, transcending the traditional notion of files and decoupling questions of access and use from location and storage. In this context, the need for building aggregations or collections of such objects has become an essential element. However, contemporary work on object collections focuses on primarily describing such collections through metadata, whereas research data management practice requires not only to describe collections, but to make them actionable by automated processes to be able to cope with ever increasing amounts and volumes of data. To this effect, this recommendation provides a comprehensive model for actionable collections and a technical interface specification to enable client-server interaction. It also reports on first adoption and implementation efforts across communities and institutions and provides perspectives on the use of data types in connection with collection structures, highlighting pathways for possible future work."
research-data  collection  automation 
november 2017 by tsuomela
GitHub - Factual/drake: Data workflow tool, like a "Make for data"
"Drake is a simple-to-use, extensible, text-based data workflow tool that organizes command execution around data and its dependencies. Data processing steps are defined along with their inputs and outputs and Drake automatically resolves their dependencies and calculates: which commands to execute (based on file timestamps) in what order to execute the commands (based on dependencies) Drake is similar to GNU Make, but designed especially for data workflow management. It has HDFS support, allows multiple inputs and outputs, and includes a host of features designed to help you bring sanity to your otherwise chaotic data processing workflows."
data-science  research  automation  scripting  reproducible 
december 2016 by tsuomela
OutWit - Harvest The Web
"OutWit Hub dissects Web pages into their different elements. As the program knows how to navigate from page to page in sequences of results, it can automatically extract quantities of information objects and organize them into usable collections."
web-archive  downloads  software  automation  scraping 
november 2015 by tsuomela
Complacency and Bias in Human Use of Automation: An Attentional Integration
"Objective: Our aim was to review empirical studies of complacency and bias in human interaction with automated and decision support systems and provide an integrated theoretical model for their explanation. Background: Automation-related complacency and automation bias have typically been considered separately and independently. Methods: Studies on complacency and automation bias were analyzed with respect to the cognitive processes involved. Results: Automation complacency occurs under conditions of multiple-task load, when manual tasks compete with the automated task for the operator’s attention. Automation complacency is found in both naive and expert participants and cannot be overcome with simple practice. Automation bias results in making both omission and commission errors when decision aids are imperfect.Automation bias occurs in both naive and expert participants, cannot be prevented by training or instructions, and can affect decision making in individuals as well as in teams.While automation bias has been conceived of as a special case of decision bias, our analysis suggests that it also depends on attentional processes similar to those involved in automation-related complacency. Conclusion: Complacency and automation bias represent different manifestations of overlapping automation-induced phenomena, with attention playing a central role. An integrated model of complacency and automation bias shows that they result from the dynamic interaction of personal, situational, and automation-related characteristics. Application: The integrated model and attentional synthesis provides a heuristic framework for further research on complacency and automation bias and design options for mitigating such effects in automated and decision support systems."
research  automation  automaticity  psychology  hci  design  bias 
february 2015 by tsuomela
The Hazards of Going on Autopilot - The New Yorker
"We assume that more automation is better—that a driverless car or a drone-delivered package is progress, no matter the guise it takes—but the experience we’ve had in aviation teaches us to be suspicious of that assumption. “Don’t just automate something because you can,” Casner said. “Automate it because you should.”"
automation  psychology  awareness  hci  attention  risk  accidents  flying 
september 2014 by tsuomela
Here's How to Keep the Robots From Stealing Our Jobs | Wired Opinion |
"When the accepted rationale for the firm becomes less compelling, what will take its place? Or will large corporations simply disappear over time? Well, we believe there is still a reason for large firms to exist, but those reasons will be very different from today’s (and definitely from yesterday’s). The reason for the firm to exist now? Talent development. Firms will exist so that workers can learn and grow much faster than they could on their own. Now, that’s easy to say but harder to implement. Especially because scalable efficiency — and the predictability it requires — is profoundly hostile to scalable learning. Learning, talent development, and creativity require risk-taking and a tolerance of failure."
automation  robots  business  jobs  work  labor  talent  future  economics  alienation 
december 2013 by tsuomela
[1308.5273] CrowdGrader: Crowdsourcing the Evaluation of Homework Assignments
"Crowdsourcing offers a practical method for ranking and scoring large amounts of items. To investigate the algorithms and incentives that can be used in crowdsourcing quality evaluations, we built CrowdGrader, a tool that lets students submit and collaboratively grade solutions to homework assignments. We present the algorithms and techniques used in CrowdGrader, and we describe our results and experience in using the tool for several computer-science assignments. CrowdGrader combines the student-provided grades into a consensus grade for each submission using a novel crowdsourcing algorithm that relies on a reputation system. The algorithm iterativerly refines inter-dependent estimates of the consensus grades, and of the grading accuracy of each student. On synthetic data, the algorithm performs better than alternatives not based on reputation. On our preliminary experimental data, the performance seems dependent on the nature of review errors, with errors that can be ascribed to the reviewer being more tractable than those arising from random external events. To provide an incentive for reviewers, the grade each student receives in an assignment is a combination of the consensus grade received by their submissions, and of a reviewing grade capturing their reviewing effort and accuracy. This incentive worked well in practice."
crowdsourcing  education  pedagogy  grading  automation  computer  academic 
september 2013 by tsuomela
First Trial of Crowdsourced Grading for Computer Science Homework | MIT Technology Review
"The latest online crowdsourcing tool allows students to grade their classmates’ homework and receive credit for the effort they put in."
crowdsourcing  education  pedagogy  grading  automation  computer  academic 
september 2013 by tsuomela
BBC News - A Point of View: Chess and 18th Century artificial intelligence
"An 18th Century automaton that could beat human chess opponents seemingly marked the arrival of artificial intelligence. But what turned out to be an elaborate hoax had its own sense of genius, says Adam Gopnik."
intelligence  artificial-intelligence  18c  history  chess  automation  genius  mastery  talent 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Paul Krugman is Wrong about the Rise of the Robots « econfuture | Future Economics and Technology
"I think there is a fundamental problem with this way of thinking: as jobs and incomes are relentlessly automated away, the bulk of consumers will lack the income necessary to drive the demand that is critical to economic growth."
economics  robotics  automation  jobs  work  labor  future 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Why Our Definition Of "Failure" Gets An F | Co.Exist: World changing ideas and innovation
"New tools like Kickboard Wireless Generation, and ClassDojo have the potential to help teachers capture far more fine-grained data about students’ day-to-day performance and interactions, which besides being good for teaching, could eventually be made the basis of a more nuanced picture of what happens in schools. But this data needs to be paired with nuanced judgments by politicians and the public."
education  reform  measurement  metrics  automation  digital  judgment  values 
september 2012 by tsuomela
Making crowdsourcing easier - MIT News Office
"Researchers at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory are developing a new database system, called Qurk, that will automatically crowdsource tasks that are difficult or impossible to perform computationally."
crowdsourcing  computer-science  library  database  system  automation 
august 2012 by tsuomela
Learning to automate work « Jon Udell
"But information networks matter more than the devices we use to access them, or the applications that run on those devices. The key to the automation of knowledge work that Schrage righly prescribes isn’t learning how to use smartphones or tablets. Rather, it’s learning and then applying core principles that govern information networks. "
knowledge-work  knowledge  automation  business  management  work  behavior  future  pkm  pim 
october 2011 by tsuomela
Yahoo didn't mean to censor emails about Wall Street protests. The truth is much more insidious. - By Zeynep Tufekci - Slate Magazine
Unfortunately, thoughtless automation is driving the day. If we don't get off this train, it might have the same results it has had in other sectors of the economy: an unsustainable economy with high unemployment—and a lot of cheap, plastic crap.
automation  algorithm  efficiency  online  censorship  commons 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Automation will make you obsolete, no matter who you are
"To a large extend, whether you are a lawyer, a medical doctor, a professor or a politician, you already are obsolete. We are just waiting for someone to write the software that will replace you. You replacement won’t pass the Turing test, but nobody will care."
work  labor  automation  technology  future  economics 
july 2011 by tsuomela
The American Conservative -- Killer Robots—What Could Go Wrong?
Singer’s calm exposition, however, does not conceal the alarming substance of his book. Perhaps the most disturbing truth is that a book about military applications of robotics is largely coextensive with a book about robotics in the United States. Singer alludes to the fact that the world leader in robotics is Japan, where technological prowess is used to do productive work on behalf of a skilled but aging population. There robots are “used for everything from farming and construction to nursing and elder care” in a country that contains “about a third of all the world’s industrial robots.” In the U.S., by contrast, civilian applications of robots remain relatively primitive. The field is dominated by defense-oriented research funding and competition for large defense-related government contracts.
military-indusrial-complex  robotics  robots  military  war  automation 
november 2010 by tsuomela

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