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tsuomela : classification   42

International Commission on Stratigraphy
"The International Commission on Stratigraphy is the largest and oldest constituent scientific body in the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). Its primary objective is to precisely define global units (systems, series, and stages) of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart that, in turn, are the basis for the units (periods, epochs, and age) of the International Geologic Time Scale; thus setting global standards for the fundamental scale for expressing the history of the Earth."
geology  classification  stratification  time  deep-time  international  standards 
july 2018 by tsuomela
Nomenclature | Communities
"Robert G. Chenhall’s nomenclature for classifying man-made objects is the standard cataloging tool for thousands of museums and historical organizations across the United States and Canada. Nomenclature’s lexicon of object names, arranged hierarchically within functionally defined categories, has become a de facto standard within the community of history museums in North America."
museum  museology  classification  description  cataloging  metadata  standards 
march 2018 by tsuomela
"Numerous papers have reported great success at inferring the political orientation of Twitter users. This paper has some unfortunate news to deliver: while past work has been sound and often methodologically novel, we have discovered that reported accuracies have been systemically overoptimistic due to the way in which validation datasets have been collected, reporting accuracy levels nearly 30% higher than can be expected in populations of general Twitter users. Using careful and novel data collection and annotation techniques, we collected three different sets of Twitter users, each characterizing a different degree of political engagement on Twitter - from politicians (highly politically vocal) to "normal" users (those who rarely discuss politics). Applying standard techniques for inferring political orientation, we show that methods which previously reported greater than 90% inference accuracy, actually achieve barely 65% accuracy on normal users. We also show that classifiers cannot be used to classify users outside the narrow range of political orientation on which they were trained. While a sobering finding, our results quantify and call attention to overlooked problems in the latent attribute inference literature that, no doubt, extend beyond political orientation inference: the way in which datasets are assembled and the transferability of classifiers."
conference  social-media  politics  classification  topic-modeling 
december 2014 by tsuomela
Book of Lamentations – The New Inquiry
"The newly published DSM-5 is a classic dsytopian novel in this mold. American Psychiatric Association DSM-5 American Psychiatric Publishing (991 pages)It’s also not exactly a conventional novel. Its full title is an unwieldy mouthful: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. The author (or authors) writes under the ungainly nom de plume of The American Psychiatric Association –"
psychology  psychopathology  analysis  typology  book  review  classification  satire 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Official Experimental Hierarchy | The Science Exchange Blog
"After several months of research and diligence, we have just launched the Official Experimental Hierarchy on Science Exchange. This new Hierarchy will interface with and improve the search functionality on Science Exchange, allowing users to quickly find the services they are looking for"
science  methods  taxonomy  classification  service  exchange 
september 2013 by tsuomela
Ian Hacking reviews ‘DSM-5’ by the American Psychiatric Association · LRB 8 August 2013
"DSM-5: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition by the American Psychiatric Association American Psychiatric Publishing, 947 pp, £97.00, May, ISBN 978 0 89042 555 8"
book  review  psychology  classification  standards  history  mental-illness  medicine 
august 2013 by tsuomela
BeerBrarian: Libraries and (Post)Modernity: A Review of Radical Cataloging
"Radical Cataloging: Essays at the Front,[1] (henceforth RC) edited by K.R. Roberto, a librarian at the University of Denver, is a collection of essays about the power of catalogs and classification, and how information professionals can use these tools to their advantage. First I provide background on radical cataloging via the work of Sanford Berman, Head Cataloger of the Hennepin County (MN) Library system from 1973 to 1999. Second, I discuss commonalities found throughout this edited volume, concentrating on catalogers’ attempts to make Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSHs) more user-friendly and representative of reality. Third, I evaluate how radical the agenda of this volume is, concluding that many of the policies and schemas proposed by RC authors, where applicable, are, in fact, incrementalist in nature. Fourth, I summarize and recommend successful strategies one can use to catalog. I conclude by offering resources to those readers interested in becoming radical catalogers. "
libraries  cataloging  radical  classification  politics  political 
july 2013 by tsuomela
WikiLeaks and Assange pretend there are no consequences -
These smaller dots aren't famous. They're foreign nationals. They could be clerks and janitors and such. They have names and friends and families. And soon, one dot is tied to another dot is tied to another dot.

Once they're connected, a door is kicked in by the security forces. The dot is put into the back seat of the car, then driven to a place where sunshine does not illuminate anything. And nobody notifies Assange about what became of the dot or its family.

By then, they're not dots anymore. They're not abstractions. They're real people. Or they were. And that's something that Assange — who reasons like a child — pretends not to understand.
wikileaks  criticism  secrecy  security  literacy  classification  diplomacy  authority  intelligence  spying 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Jimmy Johnson: Of Wikileaks and Literacy
It is common sense that some things must be kept secret for the greater good. Despite modern state secrecy being barely half a century old, this is deeply ingrained in the public mind. ...So dominant is the positive narrative of state secrecy that such basic questions like, "If something is too dangerous or embarrassing to even talk about, perhaps we should not do that thing," seem starry-eyed and hopelessly naive. But that it is common sense does not mean it is good sense and when the volume of secret literature exceeds that of the transparent world it is a question that must be asked. This modern development of an exclusively literate caste holding 'legitimate knowledge' is, at best, a highly questionable outcome.
wikileaks  progressive  secrecy  security  literacy  classification  history  diplomacy  authority 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Home | Galaxy Zoo
More than 250,000 people have taken part in Galaxy Zoo so far, producing a wealth of valuable data and sending telescopes on Earth and in space chasing after their discoveries.
citizen-science  astronomy  online  technology  crowdsourcing  classification  photos  images 
october 2010 by tsuomela
After Peak Finance: Larry Summers’ Bubble « The Baseline Scenario
There are three kinds of “bubbles” - a term often used loosely when asset prices rise a great deal and then fall sharply, without an obvious corresponding shift in “fundamentals“.
finance  economics  bubble  recession  classification 
july 2009 by tsuomela
A Fading Field :The Scientist [2009-06-01]
However, there are fewer and fewer biologists who practice traditional taxonomy, or the collection, description, naming and categorization of organisms through intense study of their physical attributes. In general, the field of taxonomy, or systematics as it is often called, has been leaning towards the molecular end of the spectrum since genetic technology matured in the late 1970s and 1980s, and traditional taxonomic skills have been dwindling as older taxonomic experts retire. Many taxonomists blend traditional methods, such as morphological and behavioral study, with modern molecular techniques, such as DNA sequencing, to fully characterize their pet taxa. But taxonomists like Cognato and Hulcr, who rely on fieldwork and morphological study as core aspects of their taxonomic work, appear to be slowly going extinct.
biology  taxonomy  classification  sts  science  trends  fashion 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Wichowski - Survival of the fittest tag: Folksonomies, findability, and the evolution of information organization
Folksonomies have emerged as a means to create order in a rapidly expanding information environment whose existing means to organize content have been strained. This paper examines folksonomies from an evolutionary perspective, viewing the changing conditions of the information environment as having given rise to organization adaptations in order to ensure information “survival” — remaining findable. This essay traces historical information organization mechanisms, the conditions that gave rise to folksonomies, and the scholarly response, review, and recommendations for the future of folksonomies.
folksonomy  taxonomy  classification  information-science  technology 
may 2009 by tsuomela
Rationally Speaking: Strong inference and the distinction between soft and hard science, part II
the difference between hard and soft science is a matter of method, in particular what he refers to as “strong inference.”
science  philosophy  inference  theory  classification  hard-v-soft 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Main Page - GameOntology
The Game Ontology Project (GOP) is a framework for describing, analyzing and studying games. It is a hierarchy of concepts abstracted from an analysis of many specific games. GOP borrows concepts and methods from prototype theory as well as grounded theor
education  games  ontology  research  wiki  methodology  design  definition  classification 
may 2008 by tsuomela
The Education Bazaar » Blog Archive » The Need to Characterize Open Content Projects
One of the things I talked about in the post was the need to better characterize Open Content. This post uses a couple of newer projects to clarify my thinking on the need for way to better describe projects.
open-content  open-courseware  open-education  education  online  classification  via:downes 
june 2007 by tsuomela
Ogawa::Hacks: Tagwire Plugin
Tag plugin for movable type, using keywords field.
movabletype  tags  classification  weblog-tools 
july 2005 by tsuomela
A faceted classification of delicious posts.
classification  knowledge-management 
february 2005 by tsuomela

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