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Home Page - Stephen M. Gardiner
Stephen M. Gardiner is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy and the Program on Values in Society at the University of Washington, Seattle. He specializes in ethics, political philosophy and environmental ethics. He also has interests in ancient philosophy, bioethics, and the philosophy of economics.
people  philosophy  climate  environment  ethics  intergenerational  future  school(UWashington) 
november 2010 by tsuomela
On the quest to keep politics out of climate science | Grist
One problem is that the people pleading for a depoliticization of science tend to be characterological centrists (CCs). A CC is, by temperament, attached to his/her self-image as an independent thinker, thoughtful and nuanced, seeing both sides of the argument, not part of any team or "side," disgusted by unthinking partisans. CCs are strongly inclined to see political problems in terms of "extremes on both sides" polarizing and dumbing down the debate....
There's nothing wrong with such a temperament, of course. It's well-suited to the careful work of science or scholarship, where getting from thesis and antithesis to synthesis is in fact a deliberative intellectual process. Politics, however, isn't like that, "marketplace of ideas" fantasies aside. It's not about determining who's right, or who's cleverest; it's about determining the distribution of society's resources, privileges, and responsibilities. It's about power.
politics  climate  global-warming  power  moderation  philosophy  controversy  environment  political-science  centrism 
november 2010 by tsuomela
How We Make Knowledge About Climate Change » American Scientist
A VAST MACHINE: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming. Paul N. Edwards. xxviii + 518 pp. The MIT Press, 2010.
book  review  climate  climatology  meteorology  science  sts  epistemology  knowledge  model 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Climate Central
Climate Central is a nonprofit, collaborative group of scientists and communicators. Our mission is to create a bridge between the scientific community and the public, providing clear, honest, nonpartisan, and up-to-date information to help people make sound decisions about climate and energy.

Everything we do will ultimately zero in on a set of core questions. Among them: What do we know today about the state of Earth’s climate? How do we know it? What do we not yet know, and how are we going to try and find out? What might we do to prevent the most disruptive effects of climate change, and how might we adapt to those changes we can’t avoid? How does our use of energy, land and natural resources interact with the climate?
climate  science  environment  communication  journalism  association  non-profit  global-warming 
september 2010 by tsuomela
The right’s climate denialism is part of something much larger | Grist
The decline in trust in institutions has generated fear and uncertainty, to which people generally respond by placing their trust in protective authorities. And some subset of people respond with tribalism, nationalism, and xenophobia. The right stokes and exploits modern anxiety relentlessly, but that's not all they do. They also offer a space to huddle in safety among the like-minded. The conservative movement in America has created a self-contained, hermetically sealed epistemological reality -- a closed-loop system of cable news, talk radio, and email forwards -- designed not just as a source of alternative facts but as an identity. That's why when you question climate skepticism you catch hell. You're messing with who people are.
identity  psychology  politics  conservatism  climate  global-warming  denial 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Manufactured Ignorance » American Scientist
There are other books treating the history of manufactured ignorance: Think of David Michaels’s Doubt Is Their Product (2008), Ross Gelbspan’s The Heat Is On (1997), James Hoggan’s Climate Cover-Up (2009), Chris Mooney’s The Republican War on Science (2009), David Rosner and Gerald Markowitz’s Deceit and Denial (2002), my own book Cancer Wars (1995), and a book I coedited with Londa Schiebinger—Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance (2008). But Oreskes and Conway’s book is the most powerful exploration to date of how climate-change denialists managed to infiltrate high ranks of the Republican establishment and to block the translation of scientific facts into intelligent action.
book  review  ignorance  agnotology  opinion  propaganda  denial  climate  global-warming  history  conservative  environment 
august 2010 by tsuomela
NRDC: Climate Change, Water, and Risk
Climate change will have a significant impact on the sustainability of water supplies in the coming decades. A new analysis, performed by consulting firm Tetra Tech for the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), examined the effects of global warming on water supply and demand in the contiguous United States. The study found that more than 1,100 counties -- one-third of all counties in the lower 48 -- will face higher risks of water shortages by mid-century as the result of global warming. More than 400 of these counties will face extremely high risks of water shortages.
global-warming  climate  drought  water  risk  future  climatology  hydrology 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Heatwaves to increase substantially even with moderate global warming, new study says
This is yet more evidence of how routinely and systematically people are being under-presented with the actual consequences of doing nothing, and letting the current status quo continue.
climate  heat-wave  future  global-warming  meteorology  weather  risk  perception 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Heat Wave Forecast - Climate
Exceptionally long heat waves and other hot events could become commonplace in the United States in the next 30 years, according to a new study by Stanford University climate scientists.
climate  heat-wave  future  global-warming  meteorology  weather 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Bill McKibben - Welcome to the Climate Crisis - washingtonpost.com
How to Tell Whether a Candidate Is Serious About Combating Global Warming
climate  crisis  ecology  politics  global-warming 
may 2010 by tsuomela
Hot Air : CJR
Why don’t TV weathermen believe in climate change?
climate  climatology  meteorology  television  environment  science  psychology  journalism  media 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Jim Hoggan | Greenpeace Releases 20-Year History of Climate Denial Industry
In the report, titled "Dealing in Doubt: The Climate Denial Industry and Climate Science," Greenpeace provides a brief history of the attacks waged by polluting industries against climate science, the IPCC and individual scientists.
environment  climate  global-warming  denial  propaganda 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Is the Climate Problem in Our Heads? - Dot Earth Blog - NYTimes.com
A task force assembled by the American Psychological Association hopes to spur more research on the role of the human mind in shaping the behaviors resulting in rising greenhouse-gas emissions as well as on traits that can impede an effective response to global warming and similar slow-building environmental risks.
environment  climate  psychology  change  global-warming  sociology 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Common Current ~~~ Helping the Green Economy Flow
We apply sustainability systems thinking backed by a collaborative data-driven approach to help develop projects, policies, processes and funding. From research to scalable urban development, we bring together the experts, knowledge and tools to help stakeholders succeed based on the competitive dynamics of new economic realities.
consulting  sustainability  environment  design  advocacy  climate  cities 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Science stunner: Vast East Siberian Arctic Shelf methane stores destabilizing and venting « Climate Progress
Methane release from the not-so-perma-frost is the most dangerous amplifying feedback in the entire carbon cycle. Research published in Friday’s journal Science finds a key “lid” on “the large sub-sea permafrost carbon reservoir” near Eastern Siberia “is clearly perforated, and sedimentary CH4 [methane] is escaping to the atmosphere.”
science  global-warming  gloom-and-doom  climate  research  arctic  methane  oceanography  oceans 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Worldwatch Institute | Vision for a Sustainable World
Worldwatch Institute delivers the insights and ideas that empower decision makers to create an environmentally sustainable society that meets human needs. Worldwatch focuses on the 21st-century challenges of climate change, resource degradation, population growth, and poverty by developing and disseminating solid data and innovative strategies for achieving a sustainable society.
non-profit  civil-society  organization  environment  sustainability  ecology  politics  globalization  poverty  global-warming  climate  population  science 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Edge: FOUR SIDES TO EVERY STORY by Stewart Brand
The calamatists and denialists are primarily political figures, with firm ideological loyalties, whereas the warners and skeptics are primarily scientists, guided by ever-changing evidence. That distinction between ideology and science not only helps clarify the strengths and weaknesses of the four stances, it can also be used to predict how they might respond to future climate developments.
climate  psychology  denial  global-warming  ideology  bias 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Contrary Brin: The Real Struggle Behind Climate Change - A War on Expertise
David Brin on experts and climate science - "Chris Mooney documents how relentless this agenda has been, in The Republican War on Science. Though, let's be fair. If films like Avatar are any indication, a variant of dour anti-scientific fever rages on the left, as well.

This is the context in which we should reconsider the Climate Change Denial Movement. While murky in its scientific assertions -- (some claim the Earth isn't warming, while others say the ice-free Arctic won't be any of our doing) -- the core contention remains remarkably consistent. It holds that the 99% of atmospheric scientists who believe in GCC are suborned, stupid, incompetent, conspiratorial or untrustworthy hacks."
climate  global-warming  expertise  public-policy  science  culture-war  history  scientism  technocracy  conspiracy  deceit 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Roger Pielke Jr.'s Blog
I am a professor of environmental studies at the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research at the University of Colorado at Boulder. I also have an appointment as a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes at Arizona State University and am a Senior Fellow of The Breakthrough Institute, a progressive think tank.
weblog-individual  environment  climate  science  sts  policy  academic 
february 2010 by tsuomela
From Inside and Out, Climate Panel Is Pushed to Change - Dot Earth Blog - NYTimes.com
Internal discussions about the methods of the IPCC regarding outsider opinions, long-tail risks, and the notion of expertise.
climate  global-warming  science  policy  decision-making  transparency  ipcc  risk  long-tail  outliers  opinion  expertise 
january 2010 by tsuomela
Open the Future: A Cold War Over Warming
There is, I believe, a non-zero chance that an extended period of climate instability could induce a state that believes itself to be better able to adapt to global warming to slow its efforts to decarbonize in order to gain a lead over its more vulnerable rivals.
global-warming  climate  change  political-science  international  foreign-policy 
december 2009 by tsuomela
International Energy Agency - Technology Roadmaps
There is a pressing need to accelerate the development of advanced clean energy technologies in order to address the global challenges of energy security, climate change and sustainable development. This challenge was acknowledged by the Ministers from G8 countries at their meeting in June 2008 in Aomori, Japan where they declared the wish to have IEA prepare roadmaps to advance innovative energy technology.

To achieve this ambitious goal, the IEA has undertaken an effort to develop a series of global technology roadmaps covering 19 demand and supply-side technologies
environment  energy  reform  climate  global-warming  technology  future  planning 
december 2009 by tsuomela
The Breakthrough Institute: Part II: Climate Realpolitik and the End of Postcolonialism
How could tiny Tuvalu monkey-wrench global climate talks? By operating in a highly undemocratic institution, one that has re-created the most dysfunctional and outmoded aspects of the United Nations General Assembly. When climate change emerged as an issue in the late 1980s, greens logically looked to an institution equally disconnected from national political economies, which they viewed as part of the problem. But lacking any ability to alter energy trajectories, the UNFCCC became an agency with the effectiveness of UNESCO. The rise of Climate Realpolitik -- confronting global warming in more appropriate institutions under a more appropriate framework -- gives hope that, one day soon, climate policy will be treated as a question of technology and economics, not religious mania, nostalgia, and ideological posturing.
climate  politics  global-warming  environment  colonialism  united-nations 
december 2009 by tsuomela
RealClimate: Data Sources
This page is a catalogue that will be kept up to date pointing to selected sources of code and data related to climate science.
climate  science  data-sources  data-curation  sts  philosophy  open-science 
december 2009 by tsuomela
Deep Physics : Built on Facts
Estimating temperature changes in the desert based on depth below the surface.
physics  science  weather  climate  mathematics  desert  estimation 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Economist's View: "Superfreakonomics on Climate"
Collection of commentary and links on climate and Superfreakonomics by Levitt and Dubner.
climate  environment  economics  contrarianism 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Gut Check: Here's the Meat of the Problem - washingtonpost.com
According to a 2006 United Nations report, livestock accounts for 18 percent of worldwide greenhouse gas emissions.
food  agriculture  environment  health  vegetarian  nutrition  meat  diet  climate  global-warming 
october 2009 by tsuomela
The Archdruid Report: Daydreams of Destruction
Thus I think it’s crucial to come back to the hard fact that we are not heading toward a happier future in any sense that matters. We are moving into a troubled, difficult, dangerous age in which most of us stand to lose a great many of the things that matter to us. Those troubles may encourage some of us to pursue a relationship with the sources of meaning in our lives, granted, but they are at least as likely to keep others too busy scrambling for survival or grieving over their losses to find time for that challenging process. When we project our fantasies of a better life onto the inkblot patterns of catastrophe, then, we’re kidding ourselves, and the sooner we grasp that – the sooner we come to terms with the bleak predicament facing us, and turn our attention to figuring out what might still be saved and then trying to save it – the more likely we are to make a positive difference in a bitter time.
environment  future  imagination  images  optimism  pessimism  politics  lifestyle  climate  global-warming  peak-oil  spirituality 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Casaubon’s Book » Blog Archive » Dreaming a Life
In order for a majority of the world’s rich people (and here I mean rich by world standards) to choose less, to actually recognize that giving their children better means choosing a life of less, there has to be a vision of what the life constitutes - and it has to be immediately accessible. It cannot require vast creative energies, because honestly, most people don’t have them. It cannot require that everyone go against the grain, because, quite honestly, most of us go with the grain. It cannot require that we build an imagine entirely internally - you have to be able to go look at it.
environment  future  imagination  images  optimism  pessimism  politics  lifestyle  climate  global-warming  peak-oil 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Uncertainty and climate change — Crooked Timber
it’s a straightforward implication of standard economic analysis that the more uncertainty is the rate of climate change the stronger is the optimal policy response. That’s because, in the economic jargon, the damage function is convex. To explain this, think about the central IPCC projection of a 3.5 degrees increase in global mean temperature, which would imply significant but moderate economic damage (maybe a long-run loss of 5-10 per cent of GDP, depending on how you value ecosystem effects). In the most optimistic case, that might be totally wrong – there might be no warming and no damage. But precisely because this is a central projection it implies an equal probability that the warming will be 7 degrees, which would be utterly catastrophic. So, a calculation that takes account of uncertainty implies greater expected losses from inaction and therefore a stronger case for action.
climate  global-warming  economics  policy  environment  trade  politics  uncertainty  optimum  action 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Casaubon’s Book » Blog Archive » The Pedagogy of Collapse
And therein comes Greer’s eminently useful construction - he argues on his blog and in _The Long Descent_ that our crisis of depletion is in fact, not, as it is commonly presented, a problem, with potential solutions. It is rather, he argues, a predicament, a situation we simply face, which cannot be solved. The obvious model predicament is death - something that can be addressed and handled in a whole host of ways, some productive, some not, but that can never be solved - we all die. How we approach our deaths, how we view them, the contexts in which they occur - these details matter enormously, but none of them approach the status of solution, eliminating the basic problem.
environment  philosophy  problems  predicament  complexity  future  climate  global-warming 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Mistakes with nonexistent people « Meteuphoric
Who is better off if you live and I die? Is one morally obliged to go around impregnating women? Is the repugnant conclusion repugnant? Is secret genocide OK? Does it matter if humanity goes extinct? Why shouldn’t we kill people? Is pity for the dead warranted?

All these discussions come down to the same question often: whether to care about the interests of people who don’t exist but could.
ethics  morality  generation  intergenerational  future  existence  modal  environment  global-warming  climate 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Open Left:: China Is Not the Problem
Discussion of China and other developing countries role in the Copenhagen global-warming negotiations at end of this year.
climate  global-warming  development  international  treaties  country(China)  environment  energy  third-world  2009 
august 2009 by tsuomela
The Big Question | The Agonist
"If history has taught me anything, Stuart, it's this: life can be grim and history is inexorable," I held my finger up silencing an emergent query. I gathered my thoughts and finished up, "but humanity will muddle through."

I don't know if I want to bequeath a world of 'muddling through' to our children. But that's what they'll get.
climate  global-warming  international  anecdote  muddling-through 
august 2009 by tsuomela
SpringerLink - Journal Article
Increasing urban albedo can reduce summertime temperatures, resulting in better air quality and savings from reduced air-conditioning costs. In addition, increasing urban albedo can result in less absorption of incoming solar radiation by the surface-troposphere system, countering to some extent the global scale effects of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. Pavements and roofs typically constitute over 60% of urban surfaces (roof 20–25%, pavements about 40%). Using reflective materials, both roof and pavement albedos can be increased by about 0.25 and 0.15, respectively, resulting in a net albedo increase for urban areas of about 0.1. On a global basis, we estimate that increasing the world-wide albedos of urban roofs and paved surfaces will induce a negative radiative forcing on the earth equivalent to offsetting about 44 Gt of CO2 emissions.
environment  climate  geoengineering  infrastructure  global-warming 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Minneapolis-St. Paul Yearly Temperature, Precipitation, and Snowfall
The following is a graphical climatology of Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota temperatures, precipitation, and snowfall, from the start of 1820 (Fort Snelling) into the present year 2009. Presented are summary overview charts, a link to a year-by-year account of early (1820-1869) Minnesota weather history, followed by year-to-year graphs depicting daily temperatures, precipitation, and snowfall.
minnesota  weather  meteorology  climate  history  data  records 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Geography Is Destiny - The Atlantic (December 2008)
Europe Between the Oceans, by Barry Cunliffe, Yale
Europe from 9000 B.C. to 1000 A.D.
book  review  history  archaeology  europe  geography  climate 
february 2009 by tsuomela
CoCoRaHS - Community Collaborative Rain, Hail
CoCoRaHS is an acronym for the Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network. CoCoRaHS is a unique, non-profit, community-based network of volunteers of all ages and backgrounds working together to measure and map precipitation (rain, hail and snow). By using low-cost measurement tools, stressing training and education, and utilizing an interactive Web-site, our aim is to provide the highest quality data for natural resource, education and research applications.
science  meteorology  weather  community  co-science  collaboration  crowdsourcing  distributed  climate  volunteer  precipitation  collection  data  water  snow  citizen-science 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Metcalf Institute for Marine and Environmental Reporting
Scientists and journalists have been known to talk past each other, both using language rooted in professional shorthand...

Thanks to a series of Metcalf Institute workshops funded by the National Science Foundation, journalists and climate scientists have been able to address these barriers and develop recommendations for effective communication.
climate  environment  journalism  media  communication  framing 
january 2009 by tsuomela
Science News / Cooling Climate ‘consensus’ Of 1970s Never Was
When global warming skeptics draw misleading comparisons between scientists’ nascent understanding of climate processes in the 1970s and their level of knowledge today, “it’s absolute nonsense,” Schneider says. Back then, scientists were just beginning to study climate trends and their causes, and the probability of finding evidence to disprove a particular hypothesis was relatively high. Nowadays, he contends, “the likelihood of new evidence to overthrow the concept of global warming is small. Warming is virtually certain.”
environment  climate  global-warming  1970s  science  history  modeling  evidence  consensus 
december 2008 by tsuomela
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