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The Quiet Realization of Ivan Illich's Ideas in the Contemporary Commons Movement | David Bollier
"You could say that the commons constitutes the great invisible sector of the economy and human society.  Or as Illich would have put it, the commons is vernacular culture at work.  It’s important to stress that the commons is not a resource.  It’s a resource plus a community plus that community’s particular rules and norms for managing the resource.  You could say that the commons is a socio-ecological-political-cultural paradigm and worldview."
commons  value  education  ideas 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Why public libraries should follow Chicago’s lead and build maker labs — Tech News and Analysis
"That made it especially exciting to hear that Chicago opened a maker lab in one of its public libraries today. Most maker spaces carry a membership fee of $50-200 a month or are located in an institution like a university, where you are required to be a student or staff member to access equipment. A free lab that is open to the public is a novel concept that will hopefully be a lot more common in the future. The lab at Chicago Public Library’s Harold Washington Library Center will stock three MakerBot Replicator 2 3D printers, two laser cutters, a milling machine and a vinyl cutter, plus a selection of software. A $249,999 grant will sustain its operation through the end of 2013, at which point it will be re-evaluated. The city will also consider adding maker spaces to other library locations."
makers  public  libraries  resources  hackerspaces  commons 
july 2013 by tsuomela
The Locust Economy
"Thinking about locusts and the behavior of customers around services like Groupon, I’ve become convinced that the phrase “sharing economy” is mostly a case of putting lipstick on a pig. What we have here is a locust economy. Let me explain what that means."
economics  sharing  commons  metaphor  community 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Collaborative consumption is dead, long live the real sharing economy | PandoDailyPandoDaily
"This is where the real sharing economy comes in. It is more than just VC-backed Internet startups. It’s a tectonic shift in how the economy works. As society changes from a top-down factory model of organization to a peer-to-peer network model, how we produce, consume, and interact will be radically transformed. At its simplest, the sharing economy is the decentralization of economic power brought on by new technology, new and revived business models, and massive social change. It’s made up of thousands of innovations, some for profit, some nonprofit, and some that thrive in the commons. If we can avert our collective gaze from our latest technology gadgets for a second, we might be able to see the real sharing economy, the one driven by values and tested by time. "
sharing  commons  economics  business-model  community  collaboration  consumption  via:vaguery 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Is the collaborative economy only for the privileged?
"While we can always argue about the terms that are used, what’s more important is to identify the different motivations and abilities people have, and the differences coming from their different backgrounds and capabilities. How can we create a new collaborative economy that is equally beneficial for everyone, no matter where they come from?"
sharing  collaboration  economics  commons  class  socioeconomic  access  peer-production 
march 2013 by tsuomela
My Common Education: Lessons From Open Field | On the Commons
"In “My Common Education” Sarah Schultz describes Open Field, the Walker Art Center’s innovative experiment in offering an open space to the community as a commons where creativity of all kinds is encouraged. Sarah Peters in the story below, “When Bad Things Don’t Happen”, describes what could have gone wrong, and why it didn’t. Schultz is director of education and curator of public practice at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis. Peters is an independent writer, educator and arts programmer. These are reprinted from the new book Open Field: Conversations on the Commons, an absorbing collection from many authors exploring issues of the arts, the commons, public space and community co-creation raised by Open Field. OTC will be running several more excerpts from the book in the coming weeks"
art  museum(Walker)  commons  collaboration  peer-production  open-space  education  community 
november 2012 by tsuomela
The Struggle to Govern the Commons
"Human institutions—ways of organizing activities—affect the resilience of the environment. Locally evolved institutional arrangements governed by stable communities and buffered from outside forces have sustained resources successfully for centuries, although they often fail when rapid change occurs. Ideal conditions for governance are increasingly rare. Critical problems, such as transboundary pollution, tropical deforestation, and climate change, are at larger scales and involve nonlocal influences. Promising strategies for addressing these problems include dialogue among interested parties, officials, and scientists
commons  environment  governance 
september 2012 by tsuomela
Review: “Free Ride: How Digital Parasites are Destroying the Culture Business, and How the Culture Business Can Fight Back” « The Scholarly Kitchen
"I recently finished a book entitled, “Free Ride: How Digital Parasites are Destroying the Culture Business, and How the Culture Business Can Fight Back.” It’s a fascinating insight into how the digital revolution, which was meant to spawn a resurgent era of artistic and creative productivity, has instead turned into an exploitative decade with technology companies and “free content” advocates undercutting the very foundations of what the author, Robert Levine, calls “the culture business.” The result? Droves of dispirited, underfunded, and beleaguered artists, authors, editors, reporters, critics, performers, musicians, and creative businesses in their wake."
book  review  free  technology  open  digital  culture  art  music  money  economics  commons  intellectual-property  copyright  business 
august 2012 by tsuomela
Chomsky on the Commons | David Bollier
Noam Chomsky recent gave a meaty talk, “Destroying the Commons:  On Shredding the Magna Carta” that shows how fragile the rights of commoners truly are. Achieved after enormous civil strife, the Magna Carta supposedly guaranteed commoners certain civic and procedural rights.  A companion document, the Charter of the Forest later incorporated into the Magna Carta, expressly guarantees commoners stipulated rights to access and use forests, land, water, game and other natural resources for their subsistence. 
commons  environment  law  tradition  enclosure  globalization  markets-uber-alles 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Why Do Some Software Commons Succeed and Others Fail? | David Bollier
"The tech world frequently talks about open source software as a collaborative endeavor, but it is less apt to use the word “commons,” let alone engage in rigorous empirical analysis for understanding how software commons actually work. The arrival of Internet Success: A Study of Open-Source Software Commons (MIT Press) is therefore a welcome event. This book is the first large-scale empirical study to look at the social, technical and institutional aspects of free, libre and open source software (often known as “FLOSS”). It uses extensive firsthand survey research, statistical analysis and commons frameworks for studying this under-theorized realm."
book  review  open-source  intellectual-property  success  commons 
july 2012 by tsuomela
World Forum for Acoustic Ecology
The World Forum for Acoustic Ecology (WFAE), founded in 1993, is an international association of affiliated organizations and individuals in Europe, North America, Japan, and Australia that share a common concern with the state of the world's soundscapes. WFAE members represent a multi-disciplinary spectrum of individuals engaged in the study of the social, cultural and ecological aspects of the sonic environment.
sound  acoustics  ecology  environment  perception  commons  professional-association 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Share or Die, the Book | David Bollier
Shareable Magazine has just released a lively book that provides a few answers.  It doesn't offer any grand manifestos so much as a series of highly personal, evocative testimonies filled with rays of hope.  Share or Die:  Voices of the Get Lost Generation in the Age of Crisis, is an eclectic collection of essays about the ways that young people are trying to build happier, wholesome, workable lives for themselves as the edifice of late-stage capitalism begins to implode. 
book  review  commons  economics  generation  education 
july 2012 by tsuomela
A 150-Year Experiment: Colleges That Serve Everyone | On the Commons
"The most significant connection between land-grant institutions and commons-based organizations and movements exists in their shared interest for the public community. How their interests have been applied or expressed may differ, yet their common theme could be a catalyst for future partnership and collaboration. "
academia  history  american  university  commons  government 
june 2012 by tsuomela
Brett Frischmann on Infrastructure as a Commons | David Bollier
"Brett Frischmann’s recently published Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources (Oxford University Press). This book is a landmark in the study of the social value of infrastructure, a theme that is generally overlooked or marginalized."
book  review  commons  infrastructure 
june 2012 by tsuomela
Commons Law Project
"If Planet Earth is to survive in the coming decades as we know it, we must find new ways to protect our planet from the unsustainable growth imperatives of neoliberal economics and politics. This will require a new architecture of “green governance”―laws, public policies, and social practices that can honor human rights and commons-based management of natural resources large and small"
commons  law  environment  governance 
may 2012 by tsuomela
LiquidFeedback: What A Genuine Democratic Process Looks Like | David Bollier
"The LiquidFeedback mission statement concludes, “All the experience we have gained over the past months shows people participate if they think it makes sense and representatives at least acknowledge the will of the participants rather than arguing with silent majorities.” It concludes with a ringing line from Thomas Jefferson: … every man is a sharer… and feels that he is a participator in the government of affairs, not merely at an election one day in the year, but every day.” "
commons  community  negotiating  online  deliberation  dialog  politics  country(Germany) 
may 2012 by tsuomela
echovar » Blog Archive » Year-End Processing: The Network as Growth Medium
"While networked computational tools can assist us in expanding the scope and breadth of the sharing we do with groups and individuals, it’s our ability to navigate the new social customs and ceremonies of the Network that will determine how far all this spreads. It’s a counter-cultural idea, instead of placing the highest value on independence and individuality, it takes us down the path of interdependence and coexistence. And this brings us back to this idea of a growth medium. As the old year ends, and the new one begins, I’m imagining an as yet unpublished Whole Earth Catalog filled with tools and perspectives on how we might grow this new crop in the fields of the Network. It’s a thing that “is” what it describes."
social-networks  social-media  business  culture  community  commons  sharing 
april 2012 by tsuomela
echovar » Blog Archive » A Permanent Sense of Asymmetry: Watching the Non-Human Enter
"As Morton points out, in the age of ecology there is no clean transaction you can walk away from. The fact that everything is connected isn’t something you can turn off when it’s inconvenient. There’s always something still owed, a remaining debt. Morton describes this as the viscous quality of the hyperobject, the more you know about it the more it sticks to you. And as Graeber shows, capital fails to capture the full extent of a transaction because it doesn’t fully represent the object. In the social context of the transaction, there’s always a remainder, the market never fully clears. At the level of capital and pricing, the numbers always add up, but the object of the transaction is broadcasting on multiple frequencies. And if you hold the concept of capital in abeyance for just a moment, you’ll find there were many more parties to the transaction than you had assumed, and if you listen closely, you can hear that the non-human has continued its relationship with you. "
ecology  economics  transaction  exchange  commons  debt  capital  relationship  gifts  meta-analysis  fundamental  objects  object-oriented-ontology  literature  poetry 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Doc Searls Weblog · Edging toward the fully licensed world
"By losing the free and open Internet, and free and open devices to interact with it — and even such ordinary things as physical books and music media — we reduce the full scope of both markets and civilization.

But that’s hard to see when the walled gardens are so rich with short-term benefits."
internet  culture  design  social-media  open  enclosure  commons 
march 2012 by tsuomela
Yahoo didn't mean to censor emails about Wall Street protests. The truth is much more insidious. - By Zeynep Tufekci - Slate Magazine
Unfortunately, thoughtless automation is driving the day. If we don't get off this train, it might have the same results it has had in other sectors of the economy: an unsustainable economy with high unemployment—and a lot of cheap, plastic crap.
automation  algorithm  efficiency  online  censorship  commons 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Quilligan's “Failed Metaphysics Behind Private Property” | David Bollier
"Many people don't recognise that the commons is not just a thing – a physical element of nature or a resource like the Internet – but a distinct metaphysics and epistemology that challenges some deeply rooted premises of contemporary politics and policy. James Quilligan probes this territory with a thoughtful piece in the latest issue of Kosmos magazine. In particular, he explores the “social nature of property”and how its individual, atomistic nature in liberal political philosophy is responsible for “its catastrophic impact on the commons.”"
commons  philosophy  economics  epistemology  metaphysics  environment 
september 2011 by tsuomela
War and the Tragedy of the Commons | Truthout
"In this seven-part series of articles on each environmental impact of US militarism, scientist and author Patricia Hynes provides an overview of modern, military pollution and the use of natural resources with a central focus on the US military superpower, a power without precedent or competitor. From Superfund and former nuclear weapons sites in the US to Vieques, Agent Orange, depleted uranium - particularly in Iraq - biowarfare research and the use of fossil fuels in routine military training and wars, Hynes examines the war machine as the true tragedy of the commons."
commons  war  military  military-industrial-complex  environment 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Confessions of a Community College Dean: Selfish Tech
"The tech world loves to bandy about the term “social,” but its concept of “social” seems to be based on what single twentysomethings do. “Social” in the sense of “families” is off the radar, as is “social” in the sense of “sharing.” It’s happy to make recommendations for individual purchases social, but shared purchases are verboten.

It’s shortsighted. If the demise of the music industry has taught us anything, it should be that walls don’t work. Sooner or later, demand will find a way around. The blistering success of itunes showed that there’s a substantial market for aboveboard, legal ways to allow people to get what they want
social  commons  books  used  technology  sharing 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Ugo Mattei on the Commons, Market and State | David Bollier
"The real problem is that the State and Market are locked in a symbiotic alliance to the detriment of the commons. This unholy alliance so tenacious because it is embedded in our very phenomenological understanding of life, writes Mattei. We perceive the world as a mechanistic system in which subject and object are separate and distinct, and we supposedly have individual autonomy to do what we wish to act upon the world. As subjects, we tend to pracel out and commodify the world into units that are isolated from the larger whole
commons  state  market  politics  economics  ideology  reductionism  phenomenology  perception  markets 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Pocket Neighborhoods • Creating Small Scale Community in a Large Scale World
"Pocket neighborhoods are clustered groups of neighboring houses or apartments gathered around some sort of shared open space — a garden courtyard, a pedestrian street, a series of joined backyards, or a reclaimed alley — all of which have a clear sense of territory and shared stewardship. They can be in urban, suburban or rural areas."
design  architecture  urban  urbanism  suburbia  community  commons  scale  small-is-beautiful 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Bruno Latour, Some Experiments in Art and Politics / Journal / e-flux
"So how can we have both networks and spheres? How do we avoid the pitfalls of a globalization that has no real globe in which to place everything? In a work presented at the Venice Biennale in 2009, Tomas Saraceno provided a great, and no doubt unintended, metaphor for social theory. In an entire room inside the Biennale’s main pavilion, Galaxies Forming along Filaments, Like Droplets along the Strands of a Spider’s Web (2008) consisted of carefully mounted elastic connectors that produced the shape of networks and spheres."
art  networks  philosophy  sociology  model  visualization  commons 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Imagining a New Politics of the Commons | On the Commons
A short, elegant statement of the contemporary tragedy of the commons by David Bollier.
commons  politics  community  shared 
october 2010 by tsuomela
The desire to expel unselfish members from the gro... [J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010] - PubMed result
An initial study investigating tolerance of group members who abuse a public good surprisingly showed that unselfish members (those who gave much toward the provision of the good but then used little of the good) were also targets for expulsion from the group. Two follow-up studies replicated this and ruled out explanations grounded in the target being seen as confused or unpredictable. A fourth study suggested that the target is seen by some as establishing an undesirable behavior standard and by others as a rule breaker. Individuals who formed either perception expressed a desire for the unselfish person to be removed from the group. Implications are discussed.
altruism  behavior  psychology  public-goods  commons 
august 2010 by tsuomela
Lab Experiments for the Study of Social-Ecological Systems -- Janssen et al. 328 (5978): 613 -- Science
Governance of social-ecological systems is a major policy problem of the contemporary era. Field studies of fisheries, forests, and pastoral and water resources have identified many variables that influence the outcomes of governance efforts. We introduce an experimental environment that involves spatial and temporal resource dynamics in order to capture these two critical variables identified in field research. Previous behavioral experiments of commons dilemmas have found that people are willing to engage in costly punishment, frequently generating increases in gross benefits, contrary to game-theoretical predictions based on a static pay-off function. Results in our experimental environment find that costly punishment is again used but lacks a gross positive effect on resource harvesting unless combined with communication. These findings illustrate the importance of careful generalization from the laboratory to the world of policy.
commons  cooperation  ecology  institutions  ostrom  elinor  economics  science  modeling  evolution  experimental  via:cshalizi 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Facebook: The Privatization of our Privates and Life in the Company Town | technosociology
What is currently happening is the privatization of our privates, not just our publics. And this is not a mere question of legality but a lack of legal protections being carried over to a new medium. In some sense, this parallels the lack of carrying of wiretap protections on the phone to the Internet – the social relations did not change but the medium changed allowing for a gap in legal protections.

The correct analogy to the current situation would be if tenants had no rights to privacy in their homes because they happen to be renting the walls and doors. This week, you are allowed to close the door but, oops, we changed the terms-of-service. No more closed doors! You had locks last week but we don’t allow them as of this week. Sorry for the misunderstanding.
privacy  facebook  regulation  utility  monopoly  business  law  2010  infrastructure  social-computing  social-media  commons  public-sphere 
may 2010 by tsuomela » Consequential Strangers
If market culture sees us as a mass of disconnected individuals, each without a history or enduring affiliations, the commons sees us as interdependent social creatures. It is refreshing to see this perspective affirmed in such a rich, detailed way by a new book, Consequential Strangers: The Power of People Who Don’t Seem to Matter But Really Do (W.W. Norton), by Melina Blau and Karen L. Fingerman.
commons  social-networks  interaction  social  strangers  people  weak-ties  social-capital 
january 2010 by tsuomela
Ghosh - Cooking Pot Markets: an economic model for the trade of free goods and services on the internet
Paper from 1998
It has long been assumed that there is something beyond economics involved in the proliferation of free goods and services on the Internet. Although Netscape's recent move to give away the source code for its browser shows that the corporate world now believes that it is possible to make money with free software - previously eyed with cautious pessimism - money is not the prime motivator of most producers of the Internet's free goods, and neither is altruism. Efforts and rewards may be valued in intangibles, but, as this paper argues, there is a very tangible market dynamics to the free economy of the Internet, and rational economic decisions are at work. This is the "cooking-pot" market: an implicit barter economy with assymetric transactions.
open-source  economics  online  commons  internet  culture 
october 2009 by tsuomela » How to Save America's Newspapers
If we view daily newspapers as an essential public service that we cannot afford to lose, how do we keep them publishing? There’s probably not one answer, but in looking at how other important but not-necessarily profitable institutions survive, here are some commons-based solutions.
newspaper  business-model  media  journalism  commons 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Neo Cities | The American Prospect
How online communities are born -- and what happens when they die.
online  web  community  geocities  history  1990s  commons  archive  preservation 
september 2009 by tsuomela » Trust, Fairness, Shared Identity
Mark van Vugt of the VU University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands examines the social psychology of successful commons. His piece, “Triumph of the Commons: Helping the World to Share,” proposes “four key conditions for the successful management of shared environmental resources: information, identity, institutions and incentives,” or what he calls the 4i framework.
commons  values  information  identity  institutions  incentives 
august 2009 by tsuomela » The Commoners of Crottorf (Part III)
This is the third of a three-part installment of a report on the future of the commons, which is based on conversations at a retreat held at Crottorf Castle in Germany, in June 2009.
commons  discussion  conference 
august 2009 by tsuomela » The Commoners at Crottorf (Part II)
This blog post continues the one started yesterday — a report on the future of the commons as discussed by the commoners who met at Crottorf Castle in Germany, in June 2009.
commons  discussion  conference 
august 2009 by tsuomela
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