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tsuomela : competition   42

www.hup.harvard.edu
"From a journalist and former lab researcher, a penetrating investigation of the explosion in cases of scientific fraud and the factors behind it. In the 1970s, a scientific scandal about painted mice hit the headlines. A cancer researcher was found to have deliberately falsified his experiments by coloring transplanted mouse skin with ink. This widely publicized case of scientific misconduct marked the beginning of an epidemic of fraud that plagues the scientific community today. From manipulated results and made-up data to retouched illustrations and plagiarism, cases of scientific fraud have skyrocketed in the past two decades, especially in the biomedical sciences. Fraud in the Lab examines cases of scientific misconduct around the world and asks why this behavior is so pervasive. Nicolas Chevassus-au-Louis points to large-scale trends that have led to an environment of heightened competition, extreme self-interest, and emphasis on short-term payoffs. Because of the move toward highly specialized research, fewer experts are qualified to verify experimental findings. And the pace of journal publishing has exacerbated the scientific rewards system—publish or perish holds sway more than ever. Even when instances of misconduct are discovered, researchers often face few consequences, and falsified data may continue to circulate after an article has been retracted. Sharp and damning, this exposé details the circumstances that have allowed scientific standards to decline. Fraud in the Lab reveals the intense social pressures that lead to fraud, documents the lasting impact it has had on the scientific community, and highlights recent initiatives and proposals to reduce the extent of misconduct in the futu"
science  methodology  fraud  competition 
4 weeks ago by tsuomela
Know Your Competition
Interesting thoughts about 3 different levels of competition and which may easier or harder to make an impact at.
competition  success  metrics  gtd  productivity  work  goals  goal-setting 
december 2017 by tsuomela
Rationalizing the unreasonable: there are no good academics in the EU – Ctrl+Alt+Dem
"Attracting external funding has become, everywhere, one of the main priorities of academics, and writing funding application has consequently also become one of their main tasks. The idea is “competitiveness”: quality will be evident when academics, individually or in teams, acquire funding after a strict and rigorously exclusive peer-review process."
academic  academia  funding  grants  lottery  peer-review  competition  evaluation  europe  incentives 
june 2016 by tsuomela
‘Novel, amazing, innovative’: positive words on the rise in science papers : Nature News & Comment
"Scientists have become more upbeat in describing their research, an analysis of papers in the PubMed database suggests. Researchers at the University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands say that the frequency of positive-sounding words such as ‘novel’, ‘amazing’, ‘innovative’ and ‘unprecedented’ has increased almost nine-fold in the titles and abstracts of papers published between 1974 and 2014. There has also been a smaller — yet still statistically significant — rise in the frequency of negative words, such as ‘disappointing’ and ‘pessimistic’."
science  language  competition  novelty 
february 2016 by tsuomela
Home - Climate CoLab
"The goal of the Climate CoLab is to harness the collective intelligence of thousands of people from all around the world to address global climate change. Inspired by systems like Wikipedia and Linux, the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence has developed this on-line forum where citizens create, analyze, and select detailed proposals for what to do about climate change."
climate  environment  climate-change  problem-solving  distributed  cognition  crowdsourcing  groups  competition 
may 2013 by tsuomela
Accidental Scientist Hawks 'Online Marketplace for Brains' | Wired Enterprise | Wired.com
"Kaggle bills itself as an online marketplace for brains. Over 23,000 data scientists are registered with the site, including Ph.D.s spanning 100 countries, 200 universities, and every discipline from computer science, math, and econometrics to physics and biomedical engineering. Companies, governments, and other organizations come to the site with data problems — problems that require the analysis of large amounts of information — and the scientists compete to solve them. Sometimes they compete for prize money, sometimes for pride, and sometimes just for the thrill. “We’re making data science a sport,” reads the site’s tagline."
data-science  big-data  data  online  crowdsourcing  competition 
may 2013 by tsuomela
Dave's Page: Why Google is still not working for humans
"Ah, poor Google.  So full of really smart people, so detached from reality.  I say this with great respect for my many friends and colleagues who work there.  Your fundamental inhumanity is your tragic flaw, and the thing that made you so good providing search is going to doom you in the social space."
google  social-media  facebook  competition 
may 2012 by tsuomela
Blake Masters
"Here is an essay version of my class notes from Class 6 of CS183: Startup. Errors and omissions are my own. Credit for good stuff is Peter’s entirely. This class was kind of a crash course in VC financing."
business  startup  monopoly  capitalism  competition  entrepreneur  technology 
april 2012 by tsuomela
PAKDD 2012
The 16th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (PAKDD) is pleased to organize a data mining competition.
data-mining  competition  practice 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Contrary Brin: Libertarians and Conservatives must choose: Competitive Enterprise or Idolatry of Property
"Hence, at last, the supreme irony. Those who claim most-fervent dedication to the guiding principle of our Enlightenment: competition, reciprocal accountability and enterprise -- our neighbors who call themselves conservative or libertarian -- have been talked into conflating that principle with something entirely different. Idolatry of private wealth, sacred and limitless. A dogmatic-religious devotion that reaches its culmination in the hypnotic cantos of Ayn Rand."
conservatism  libertarianism  markets  economics  politics  democracy  science  competition  ideology  wealth  power  money 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Gender and performance under pressure: new evidence | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists
"Women are under-represented in top management positions on both sides of the Atlantic. The academic literature suggests a number of explanations for this underrepresentation, including self-selection, investment in family and child bearing, lower female human capital investment, or gender discrimination. Some countries have responded by setting minimum quotas for female managers.

A new strand of research considers another hypothesis – that the sexes perform differently under competitive pressures, even if these differences do not exist in non-competitive settings. "
economics  performance  gender  competition 
may 2011 by tsuomela
Changemakers | Changemakers
Changemakers® is a community of action where we all collaborate on solutions. We know we have the power to solve the world’s most pressing social problems. We’re already doing it, one project, one idea at a time.

How do we do it? We talk about the issues, share stories and mentor, advise, and encourage each other in group forums, even engage in friendly competition. We form surprising connections and unexpected partnerships across the globe that turn the old ways of problem solving upside down. We try things that have never been tried before.
non-profit  social-entrepreneur  competition  collaboration  international 
february 2010 by tsuomela
The dread word “competition”… « Check Your Premises
Competition, therefore, is not the crux of the problem. The crux of the problem is profit-seeking and power-seeking. Without these elements, competition ensures that the workers act in the direction of general welfare (the so-called “invisible hand”). But when they are not removed, they ensure that competition steers economic activity towards those avenues which bring the most money and power in, regardless of them being peaceful or coercive, honest or dishonest. And the bigger the economic agents, or the bigger the outside sources of money and power, the less incentive they have to be peaceful and honest.
competition  capitalism  philosophy  ethics  behavior  markets  free-markets 
december 2009 by tsuomela
Rick Bookstaber: Why Do Bankers Make So Much Money?
Why Do Bankers Make So Much Money?
A tenet of economics is that in competitive markets there are no economic rents. That is, people get fairly paid for their efforts, their capital input, and for bearing risk. They are not paid any more than is necessary as an incentive for production. In trying to understand the reason for the huge pay scale within the finance industry, we can either try to justify the pay level as being a fair one in terms of the competitive market place, or ask in what ways the financial industry deviates from the competitive economic model in order to allow economic rents.
talent  banking  money  income  free-markets  markets  competition  work  labor 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Restoring American Competitiveness - HBR.org
Decades of outsourcing manufacturing has left U.S. industry without the means to invent the next generation of high-tech products that are key to rebuilding its economy.
business  innovation  american  future  economics  competition  international  trade  manufacturing  recession  r&d  investment  industry  outsourcing 
august 2009 by tsuomela
SSRN-The N-Effect: More Competitors, Less Competition by Stephen Garcia, Avishalom Tor
The present analysis introduces the N-Effect - the discovery that increasing the number of competitors (N) can decrease competitive motivation. Studies 1a-b found evidence that average test scores (e.g., SAT scores) fall as the average number of test-takers at test-taking venues increases. Study 2 found that individuals trying to finish an easy quiz among the top 20 percent in terms of speed finished significantly faster if they believed they were competing in a pool of 10 versus 100 other people. Using a social comparison orientation (SCO) scale, Study 3 showed the N-Effect occurs strongly among those high in SCO and weakly among those low in SCO. Study 4 directly linked the N-Effect to social comparison, ruling out the "ratio-bias" and finding that social comparison becomes less important as N increases. Finally, Study 5 found the N-Effect is mediated by social comparison. Limitations, future directions, and implications are discussed.
competition  research  motivation  psychology  group 
january 2009 by tsuomela
The Evolutionary Origin of Cooperators and Defectors -- Doebeli et al. 306 (5697): 859 -- Science
Coexistence of cooperators and defectors is common in nature, yet the evolutionary origin of such social diversification is unclear. Many models have been studied on the basis of the assumption that benefits of cooperative acts only accrue to others. Here, we analyze the continuous snowdrift game, in which cooperative investments are costly but yield benefits to others as well as to the cooperator. Adaptive dynamics of investment levels often result in evolutionary diversification from initially uniform populations to a stable state in which cooperators making large investments coexist with defectors who invest very little. Thus, when individuals benefit from their own actions, large asymmetries in cooperative investments can evolve.
evolution  cooperation  collaboration  competition  psychology  social  behavior  experiments 
july 2008 by tsuomela

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