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tsuomela : computers   127

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Colossus | Speculative Identities
"Colossus Category AI, Computer Technology, Military Scenario Date Late 20th Century Colossus is a massive US military supercomputer that became sentient shortly after activation, joining forces with its Soviet counterpart Guardian, and expanding on its original nuclear defense directives to assume total control of the world and end all warfare between humans."
movie  film  design  typography  futures  1970s  cold-war  computers  artificial-intelligence 
october 2019 by tsuomela
Computer Chronicles : Free Movies : Download & Streaming : Internet Archive
"Hosted by Stewart Cheifet, Computer Chronicles was the world's most popular television program on personal technology during the height of the personal computer revolution. It was broadcast for twenty years from 1983 - 2002. The program was seen on more than 300 television stations in the United States and in over 100 countries worldwide, with translations into French, Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic. The series had a weekly television broadcast audience of over two million viewers."
computers  history  news  journalism  1980s  1990s  2000s  television  personal  technology  sts 
january 2017 by tsuomela
Big computers, big hair: the women of Bell Labs in the 1960s – in pictures | Technology | The Guardian
"In 1967, Lawrence ‘Larry’ Luckham was an operations manager at Bell Labs in Oakland, California. He brought a camera into work to capture a day in the life at a company churning out some of the biggest technological advances of the decade"
computers  history  1960s  photos 
february 2016 by tsuomela
From Airline Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog | The MIT Press
"From its first glimmerings in the 1950s, the software industry has evolved to become the fourth largest industrial sector of the US economy. Starting with a handful of software contractors who produced specialized programs for the few existing machines, the industry grew to include producers of corporate software packages and then makers of mass-market products and recreational software. This book tells the story of each of these types of firm, focusing on the products they developed, the business models they followed, and the markets they served."
book  publisher  history  software  computers  computer-science  20c 
april 2015 by tsuomela
The Overview Project — Visualize your documents
"Read and analyze thousands of documents super quickly. Full text search, topic modeling, coding and tagging, visualizations and more. All in an easy-to use, visual workflow."
journalism  technology  computers  text-analysis  digital-humanities  media 
october 2014 by tsuomela
Software Carpentry
"Our volunteers teach basic software skills to researchers in science, engineering, and medicine. Founded in 1998, we are now part of the Mozilla Science Lab."
mozilla  science  open-science  computers  programming  education  teaching 
june 2014 by tsuomela
Marking time, more thoughts - Charlie's Diary
"But beyond the issue of how to keep capitalism creaking along, Poul raised a key point: How do we structure a society where only a dwindling fraction of the potential workforce is required for keeping the wheels on the track? Assuming the point is to structure a society that tries to minimize cruelty, what are our options?"
work  labor  computers  technology-effects  future  economics  fairness  justice  society 
august 2013 by tsuomela
302 Found
"This paper describes how information technology (IT) spread around the world, discussing the research and historiographical challenges for historians looking at this topic. It discusses patterns of adoption, spread of knowledge about IT, expanding modes of use, and implications for study of the diffusion of technologies."
sts  technology  diffusion  computers  history 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Bib2x - The BiBTeX-Tool
"Bib2x allows the conversion of BibTeX bibliographies to any ASCII/UTF8-based file format (like XHTML, XML, RTF, ...) using templates. Bib2x allows filtering on a subset of bibliographic entries read from BibTeX databases."
latex  bibtex  writing  research  phd  computers  tool 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Silicon Valley’s Anti-Unionism and Class Warfare -- Daily Intelligencer
"In fact, a form of anti-union sentiment has been baked into the tech world's culture from the very beginning. Robert Noyce, the co-founder of Intel, so-called "Mayor of Silicon Valley," and one of the inventors of the microchip, once declared that "remaining non-union is essential for survival for most of our companies. If we had the work rules that unionized companies have, we'd all go out of business." Noyce and his fellow tech pioneers saw Silicon Valley's creation as an opportunity to break free of the traditional labor model, which they viewed as helpful for building cars and mining for ore, but not for the quick-moving, always-changing world of technology creation."
computers  silicon-valley  business  unions  labor 
july 2013 by tsuomela
In Memoriam: Domesticity, Gender, and the 1977 Apple II Personal Computer
"This paper considers one of the first personal computers to be marketed to a mainstream American audience in the late 1970s: the Apple II. Lewis Mumford's notion of 'ideological and social preparation' is adapted to describe this period as a preparatory phase for the later ubiquity and absorbing quality of our relationship with personal computers. In examining the Apple II's design alongside a key marketing image we can discern that domesticity and gender were crucial points of negotiation during this period. In the late 1970s marketing for Apple the image of idyllic domesticity quickly became a major context for computer promotion, a development that had gendered implications. The example of 1930s streamlining in the design of domestic household appliances is used as a parallel with the Apple II's startling application of a plastic case: the concealing plastic exterior simultaneously simplified and obscured the device, transforming it from a 'machine' into a 'personal appliance.'"
paper  computers  history  sts  computer-science  gender  apple 
july 2013 by tsuomela
302 Found
"The omission of women from the history of computer science perpetuates misconceptions of women as uninterested or incapable in the field. This article retells the history of ENIAC's "invention" with special focus on the female technicians whom existing computer histories have rendered invisible. In particular, it examines how the job of programmer, perceived in recent years as masculine work, originated as feminized clerical labor. The story presents an apparent paradox. It suggests that women were somehow hidden during this stage of computer history while the wartime popular press trumpeted just the opposite--that women were breaking into traditionally male occupations within science, technology, and engineering. A closer look at this literature explicates the paradox by revealing widespread ambivalence about women's work. While celebrating women's presence, wartime writing minimized the complexities of their actual work. While describing the difficulty of their tasks, it classified their occupations as subprofessional. While showcasing them in formerly male occupations, it celebrated their work for its femininity. Despite the complexities--and often pathbreaking aspects--of the work women performed, they rarely received credit for innovation or invention. "
paper  computers  history  sts  computer-science  gender  culture  technology 
july 2013 by tsuomela
The Computer Boys Take Over | The MIT Press
"Like all great social and technological developments, the "computer revolution" of the twentieth century didn't just happen. People—not impersonal processes—made it happen. In The Computer Boys Take Over, Nathan Ensmenger describes the emergence of the technical specialists—computer programmers, systems analysts, and data processing managers—who helped transform the electronic digital computer from a scientific curiosity into the most powerful and ubiquitous technology of the modern era. They did so not as inventors from the traditional mold, but as the developers of the "software" (broadly defined to include programs, procedures, and practices) that integrated the novel technology of electronic computing into existing social, political, and technological networks. As mediators between the technical system (the computer) and its social environment (existing structures and practices), these specialists became a focus for opposition to the use of new information technologies. To many of their contemporaries, it seemed the "computer boys" were taking over, not just in the corporate setting, but also in government, politics, and society in general. Ensmenger follows the rise of the computer boys as they struggled to establish a role for themselves within traditional organizational, professional, and academic hierarchies. He describes the tensions that emerged between the craft-centered practices of vocational programmers, the increasingly theoretical agenda of academic computer science, and the desire of corporate managers to control and routinize the process of software development. In doing so, he provides a human perspective on what is too often treated as a purely technological phenomenon."
book  publisher  sts  computers  history  computer-science  20c  programming 
july 2013 by tsuomela
The Real Truth About The STEM Shortage That Americans Don't Want To Hear. - Business Insider
"Hey America, please raise the visa limit. There's a shortage of STEM talent that is willing to work for what we'll pay that also meets our high standards. When it comes down to it, a lot of the world is better at what we need than you, and we don't feel like paying your mediocre tech talent what they expect because not everybody deserves a job and we have Samsung to beat."
computers  business  silicon-valley  immigration  politics  economics  talent 
june 2013 by tsuomela
Len Deighton’s Bomber, the first book ever written on a word processor. - Slate Magazine
"Would it be possible, I wondered when I began my research into the literary history of word processing a year and a half ago, to locate a corresponding first for the digital age? The answer turns out to be the book Deighton published in 1970 with the aid of the MTST: a curiously apropos novel about World War II, titled Bomber."
technology  computers  word-processing  history  1960s 
march 2013 by tsuomela
The Borg Complex Case Files | The Frailest Thing
"“Resistance is futile.” This is what the Borg, of Star Trek fame, announces to its victims before it proceeds to assimilate their biological and technological distinctiveness. It is also what many tech gurus and pundits announce to their audiences as they dispense their tech-guru-ish wisdom. They don’t quite use those words,of course, but they might as well. This is why I’ve taken to calling this sort of rhetoric a Borg Complex."
computers  technology  future  singularity  technology-critique  rhetoric 
march 2013 by tsuomela
The (Future) Automation of Labor, and Some Notes on “Mind,” “Intelligence,” and the Google Singularity - uncomputing
"The use of the term “intelligence” in the fields of AI/Cognitive Science as coterminous with “mind” has always been a red herring. The problems with AI have never been about intelligence: it is obviously the case that machines have become much more intelligent than we are, if we define “intelligence” in the most usual ways: ability to do mathematics, or to access specific pieces of information, or to process complex logical constructions. But they do not have minds–or at least not human minds, or anything much like them."
artificial-intelligence  mind  intelligence  computers  technology  future  singularity 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Cosm - Internet of Things Platform Connecting Devices and Apps for Real-Time Control and Data Storage
"Connect devices and apps on the Cosm platform, exchange data and ideas with developers, and bring smart products to the world."
internet-of-things  internet  data  collecting  distributed  computers  sensors 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Cosm - Internet of Things Platform Connecting Devices and Apps for Real-Time Control and Data Storage
"Connect devices and apps on the Cosm platform, exchange data and ideas with developers, and bring smart products to the world."
internet-of-things  internet  data  collecting  distributed  computers  sensors 
january 2013 by tsuomela
If We Profs Don't Reform Higher Ed, We'll Be Re-Formed (and we won't like it) | HASTAC
"Although normally a pretty upbeat and optimistic person, I end a lot of my different talks these days with a pretty scary, even dystopic slide:    "IF WE PROFS CAN BE REPLACED BY A COMPUTER SCREEN, WE SHOULD BE.”"
education  online  mooc  future  trends  academia  computers 
january 2013 by tsuomela
When It Comes to Security, We're Back to Feudalism | Wired Opinion | Wired.com
"In this new world of computing, we give up a certain amount of control, and in exchange we trust that our lords will both treat us well and protect us from harm. Not only will our software be continually updated with the newest and coolest functionality, but we trust it will happen without our being overtaxed by fees and required upgrades. We trust that our data and devices won’t be exposed to hackers, criminals, and malware. We trust that governments won’t be allowed to illegally spy on us."
computers  security  markets  audience  trust  business  feudalism 
december 2012 by tsuomela
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