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tsuomela : computing   57

A People’s History of Computing in the United States — Joy Lisi Rankin | Harvard University Press
"Silicon Valley gets all the credit for digital creativity, but this account of the pre-PC world, when computing meant more than using mature consumer technology, challenges that triumphalism. The invention of the personal computer liberated users from corporate mainframes and brought computing into homes. But throughout the 1960s and 1970s a diverse group of teachers and students working together on academic computing systems conducted many of the activities we now recognize as personal and social computing. Their networks were centered in New Hampshire, Minnesota, and Illinois, but they connected far-flung users. Joy Rankin draws on detailed records to explore how users exchanged messages, programmed music and poems, fostered communities, and developed computer games like The Oregon Trail. These unsung pioneers helped shape our digital world, just as much as the inventors, garage hobbyists, and eccentric billionaires of Palo Alto. By imagining computing as an interactive commons, the early denizens of the digital realm seeded today’s debate about whether the internet should be a public utility and laid the groundwork for the concept of net neutrality. Rankin offers a radical precedent for a more democratic digital culture, and new models for the next generation of activists, educators, coders, and makers."
book  publisher  history  computing  software  1970s  citizen 
july 2019 by tsuomela
SOCIAM | The Theory and Practice of Social Machines
"SOCIAM - Social Machines - will research into pioneering methods of supporting purposeful human interaction on the World Wide Web, of the kind exemplified by phenomena such as Wikipedia and Galaxy Zoo. These collaborations are empowering, as communities identify and solve their own problems, harnessing their commitment, local knowledge and embedded skills, without having to rely on remote experts or governments."
research  social  machine  crowdsourcing  citizen-science  human  computing 
august 2014 by tsuomela
Our Research Center | HathiTrust Digital Library
"The HathiTrust Research Center (HTRC) enables computational access for nonprofit and educational users to published works in the public domain and, in the future, on limited terms to works in-copyright from the HathiTrust. The HTRC is a collaborative research center launched jointly by Indiana University and the University of Illinois, along with the HathiTrust Digital Library, to help meet the technical challenges of dealing with massive amounts of digital text that researchers face by developing cutting-edge software tools and cyberinfrastructure to enable advanced computational access to the growing digital record of human knowledge. Leveraging data storage and computational infrastructure at Indiana University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the HTRC will provision a secure computational and data environment for scholars to perform research using the HathiTrust Digital Library. The center will break new ground in the areas of text mining and non-consumptive research, allowing scholars to fully utilize content of the HathiTrust Library while preventing intellectual property misuse within the confines of current U.S. copyright law. "
research  academic-lab  digital-humanities  computing 
july 2014 by tsuomela – The Rhetoric of Text Analysis
" is a collaborative project by Stéfan Sinclair & Geoffrey Rockwell to think through some foundations of contemporary text analysis, including issues related to the electronic texts used, the tools and methodologies available, and the various forms that can take the expression of results from text analysis."
text-analysis  humanities  computing  text-processing  tools 
july 2014 by tsuomela
Portal Run My Code
RunMyCode is a web service providing computer codes in the fields of economics and business.

This service is based on the innovative concept of a companion website associated with a scientific publication.

The codes are run on a computer cloud server and the results are immediately displayed to the user.
open-data  repetition  social-science  cloud  computing  data-curation 
june 2012 by tsuomela
What is Contemplative Computing? - Contemplative Computing
"Contemplative computing is something you do, not a service you use or a product you consume. It involves deepening your understanding of minds and information technologies work together, becoming more mindful of how you interact with technologies, and discovering ways of using them better."
computing  contemplation 
june 2012 by tsuomela
36-350, Statistical Computing, Fall 2011
"Computational data analysis is an essential part of modern statistics. Competent statisticians must not just be able to run existing programs, but to understand the principles on which they work. They must also be able to read, modify and write code, so that they can assemble the computational tools needed to solve their data-analysis problems, rather than distorting problems to fit tools provided by others. This class is an introduction to programming, targeted at statistics majors with minimal programming knowledge, which will give them the skills to grasp how statistical software works, tweak it to suit their needs, recombine existing pieces of code, and when needed create their own programs.

Students will learn the core of ideas of programming — functions, objects, data structures, flow control, input and output, debugging, logical design and abstraction — through writing code to assist in numerical and graphical statistical analyses. Students will in particular learn how to write maintainable code, and to test code for correctness. They will then learn how to set up stochastic simulations, how to parallelize data analyses, how to employ numerical optimization algorithms and diagnose their limitations, and how to work with and filter large data sets. Since code is also an important form of communication among scientists, students will learn how to comment and organize code. "
syllabi  statistics  computing  data  analysis 
february 2012 by tsuomela
The Cloud's My-Mom-Cleaned-My-Room Problem - Alexis Madrigal - Technology - The Atlantic
The more I think about it, the more I think the cloud may portend the rise of a new kind of experience: parental computing. It will mean the end of personal computing, which itself evolved out of the vastly different computing paradigm that preceded it.
computing  personal  technology  cloud  parent  social-media  surveillance  privacy 
october 2011 by tsuomela
The Cloud's My-Mom-Cleaned-My-Room Problem - Alexis Madrigal - Technology - The Atlantic
The more I think about it, the more I think the cloud may portend the rise of a new kind of experience: parental computing. It will mean the end of personal computing, which itself evolved out of the vastly different computing paradigm that preceded it.
computing  personal  technology  parent  privacy  surveillance  cloud  social-media 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Quantum computing for the determined | Michael Nielsen
"I’ve posted to YouTube a series of 22 short videos giving an introduction to quantum computing. Here’s the first video:

Below I list the remaining 21 videos, which cover subjects including the basic model of quantum computing, entanglement, superdense coding, and quantum teleportation.

To work through the videos you need to be comfortable with basic linear algebra, and with assimilating new mathematical terminology. If you’re not, working through the videos will be arduous at best! Apart from that background, the main prerequisite is determination, and the willingness to work more than once over material you don’t fully understand."
video  quantum  computing  science  education  mathematics  physics  open-access 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Contemplative Computing
Alex Soojung-Kim Pang is a futurist of science and technology. He is currently a Visiting Researcher in the Socio-Digital Systems Group at Microsoft Research, Cambridge.
weblog-individual  computing  contemplation  information-overload 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Science in the Open » Blog Archive » It’s not information overload, nor is it filter failure: It’s a discovery deficit
We don’t need more filters or better filters in scholarly communications – we don’t need to block publication at all. Ever. What we need are tools for curation and annotation and re-integration of what is published. And a framework that enables discovery of the right thing at the right time. And the data that will help us to build these. The more data, the more reseach published, the better.
scholarly-communication  academia  publishing  internet  science  computing  open-access 
july 2010 by tsuomela
The Grid Workloads Archive : Home
The primary purpose of the Grid Workloads Archive is to provide (anonymized) workload traces from grid environments to researchers and to practitioners alike.
computational-science  grid-computing  research  archive  data  workload  grid  computing  project(Utenn) 
april 2010 by tsuomela
[cs/0208012] Online Scientific Data Curation, Publication, and Archiving
(Submitted on 7 Aug 2002)
Science projects are data publishers. The scale and complexity of current and future science data changes the nature of the publication process. Publication is becoming a major project component. At a minimum, a project must preserve the ephemeral data it gathers.
science  data-management  data-curation  computer  computing  project(Utenn) 
april 2010 by tsuomela
[cs/0502008] Scientific Data Management in the Coming Decade
(Submitted on 2 Feb 2005)
This is a thought piece on data-intensive science requirements for databases and science centers. It argues that peta-scale datasets will be housed by science centers that provide substantial storage and processing for scientists who access the data via smart notebooks.
science  data-management  data-curation  computer  computing  project(Utenn) 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Institute for Digital Research and Education
The mission of the Institute for Digital Research and Education (IDRE) is to support, guide, and advance a campus-wide program to make UCLA a world leader in high-performance computing and advanced digital technologies for research and education.
academic-center  school(UCLA)  computing  computer-science 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Open Science Grid Home page
OSG brings together computing and storage resources from campuses and research communities into a common, shared grid infrastructure over research networks via a common set of middleware.
research  science  modeling  computing  technology  computer  academia  community  grid  cluster  open-science  collaboration  project(Utenn) 
april 2010 by tsuomela
SciDAC Review - Home Page
The SciDAC Review is a quarterly magazine that will share SciDAC projects, news, and achievements.
science  computing  data-management  scientific  management  data  government  project(Utenn)  research  journal  magazine  e-science 
april 2010 by tsuomela
DOE - Science - Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) - Homepage
The primary mission of the Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program is to discover, develop, and deploy the computational and networking tools that enable researchers in the scientific disciplines to analyze, model, simulate, and predict complex phenomena important to the Department of Energy.
science  computing  data-management  scientific  management  data  government  project(Utenn) 
april 2010 by tsuomela
SciDAC Scientific Data Management Center
The U.S. Department of Energy's Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) program brings together the nation's top researchers to tackle challenging scientific problems. The Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research in DOE's Office of Science supports multidisciplinary SciDAC projects aimed at developing future energy sources, studying global climate change, accelerating research in designing new materials,improving environmental cleanup methods, and understanding physics from the tiniest particles to massive supernovae explosions.
science  computing  data-management  scientific  management  data  government  project(Utenn) 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Ensuring the Integrity, Accessibility, and Stewardship of Research Data in the Digital Age
As digital technologies are expanding the power and reach of research, they are also raising complex issues. These include complications in ensuring the validity of research data; standards that do not keep pace with the high rate of innovation; restrictions on data sharing that reduce the ability of researchers to verify results and build on previous research; and huge increases in the amount of data being generated, creating severe challenges in preserving that data for long-term use.

Ensuring the Integrity, Accessibility, and Stewardship of Research Data in the Digital Age examines the consequences of the changes affecting research data with respect to three issues - integrity, accessibility, and stewardship-and finds a need for a new approach to the design and the management of research projects.
data-curation  archive  access  computing  data  research  science  preservation  internet  data-management 
march 2010 by tsuomela
GNU Octave is a high-level language, primarily intended for numerical computations. It provides a convenient command line interface for solving linear and nonlinear problems numerically, and for performing other numerical experiments using a language that is mostly compatible with Matlab. It may also be used as a batch-oriented language.
mathematics  software  open-source  programming  computing  science  linear-algebra  statistics  tools 
march 2010 by tsuomela
HASTAC | Humanities, Arts, Science, and Technology Advanced Collaboratory
A consortium of humanists, artists, social scientists, scientists, and engineers committed to new forms of collaboration across communities and disciplines fostered by creative uses of technology.
computing  humanities  technology  media  consortium  collaboration 
december 2009 by tsuomela
Not every cloud has a silver lining: Cory Doctorow | Technology | The Guardian
There's something you won't see mentioned by too many advocates of cloud computing – the main attraction is making money from you
technology  business-as-usual  business  money  web2.0  cloud  computing 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Head in the Clouds | Open The Future | Fast Company
Cloud computing fails because it centralizes instead of creating resilience.
cloud  computing  centralization  failure  resilience 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Caveat Lector » Blog Archive » Bamboo faultlines
Focusing on software development will lead to failure and won't entice old-guard scholars to join the project. So focus on grad students and new faculty.
humanities  computing  consortium  bamboo-project  tradition  interest-groups 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Scholarly Primitives: what methods do humanities researchers have in common, and how might our tools reflect this?
My immediate intention in presenting these is to suggest a list of functions (recursive functions) that could be the basis for a manageable but also useful tool-building enterprise in humanities computing. My list of primitives is in no particular order
humanities  computing  concepts  primitives 
june 2008 by tsuomela
The End of Cyberspace
The End of Cyberspace by Alex Soojung-Kim Pang. It's about the end of cyberspace, but more important, about what new possibilities will emerge as new technologies, interfaces, use practices, games, legal theory, regulation, and culture adjust...
weblog-individual  cyberspace  culture  history  computing 
april 2008 by tsuomela
Mob Software
what it means to program is hopelessly outdated. Early models persist. In 1960, one generally coded up a single program, linked its parts together in a monolithic, monochronic puddle of behavior and data—everything brought together in one place at one t
computing  programming  ideology  methodology  design 
february 2008 by tsuomela
NA-CAP@IU 2008 - The Limits of Computation
The International Association for Computing and Philosophy is pleased to announce its 2008 North American Conference to be held July 10th – 12th at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. This year's conference theme addresses the limits of computat
philosophy  technology  computing  science  conference  2008 
february 2008 by tsuomela
Philosophy of Science Association
The Philosophy of Science Association promotes research, teaching, and free discussion of issues in the philosophy of science from diverse standpoints.
philosophy  science  technology  computing  professional-association 
february 2008 by tsuomela
Shtetl-Optimized » Blog Archive » Shor, I’ll do it
to explain Shor’s algorithm without using a single ket sign, or for that matter any math beyond arithmetic.
computer-science  computing  programming  quantum  math  number  theory  factoring 
november 2007 by tsuomela

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