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tsuomela : concepts   11

Inventing the Environment - Los Angeles Review of Books
"The Environment A History of the Idea By Sverker Sörlin, Libby Robin, Paul Warde Published 11.30.2018 Johns Hopkins University Press 256 Pages The Postwar Origins of the Global Environment How the United Nations Built Spaceship Earth By Perrin Selcer Published 11.25.2018 Columbia University Press 400 Pages"
environment  history  concepts  intellectual  20c 
9 weeks ago by tsuomela
ScienceDirect - Cognition : Two dogmas of conceptual empiricism: implications for hybrid models of the structure of knowledge
Concepts seem to consist of both an associative component based on tabulations of feature typicality and similarity judgments and an explanatory component based on rules and causal principles. However, there is much controversy about how each component functions in concept acquisition and use. Here we consider two assumptions, or dogmas, that embody this controversy and underlie much of the current cognitive science research on concepts. Dogma 1: Novel information is first processed via similarity judgments and only later is influenced by explanatory components. Dogma 2: Children initially have only a similarity-based component for learning concepts
cognition  concepts  knowledge  philosophy  psychology  explanation 
december 2011 by tsuomela
U.S. Intellectual History: David Harvey’s “Mental Conceptions”
"Harvey calls these cultural norms and belief systems our “mental conceptions of the world,” one of seven “distinctive activity spheres” that comprise the historical development of capitalism. All seven in Harvey’s words:

1. Technologies and organizational forms
2. Social relations
3. Institutional and administrative arrangements
4. Production and labor processes
5. Relations to nature
6. The reproduction of daily life and the species
7. Mental conceptions of the world"
sociology  social  structure  philosophy  concepts  mental 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Species : John S. Wilkins - University of California Press
"The complex idea of “species” has evolved over time, yet its meaning is far from resolved. This comprehensive work takes a fresh look at an idea central to the field of biology by tracing its history from antiquity to today. John S. Wilkins explores the essentialist view, a staple of logic from Plato and Aristotle through the Middle Ages to fairly recent times, and considers the idea of species in natural history—a concept often connected to reproduction. Tracing “generative conceptions” of species back through Darwin to Epicurus, Wilkins provides a new perspective on the relationship between philosophical and biological approaches to this concept. He also reviews the array of current definitions. Species is a benchmark exploration and clarification of a concept fundamental to the past, present, and future of the natural sciences."
book  publisher  evolution  biology  species  concepts  history  philosophy 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Scholarly Primitives: what methods do humanities researchers have in common, and how might our tools reflect this?
My immediate intention in presenting these is to suggest a list of functions (recursive functions) that could be the basis for a manageable but also useful tool-building enterprise in humanities computing. My list of primitives is in no particular order
humanities  computing  concepts  primitives 
june 2008 by tsuomela

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