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tsuomela : cross-culture   3

UnderstandingSociety: Transmitting technology
So perhaps the short answer to the question posed above about cross-civilizational technology transfer is this: "transfer" looks a lot more like "reinvention" than it does "imitation."  It was necessary for Chinese experimenters, officials, and military officers to create a new set of institutions and technical capacities before this apparently simple new technological idea could find its way into Chinese implementations on a large scale.
technocracy  technology-adoption  cross-culture  transfer  china  steam-engine  history  sts 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Findings - Researchers in the Market for Fair-Minded People - NYTimes.com
In explaining attitudes toward fairness, Dr. Henrich and his colleagues found that the strongest predictor was the community’s level of “market integration,” which was measured by the percentage of the diet that was purchased. The people who got all or most of their food by hunting, fishing, foraging or growing it themselves were less inclined to share a prize equally.

Grocery shopping may seem an unlikely form of moral education, but the researchers argue in Science that the development of “market norms” promotes general levels of “trust, fairness and cooperation” with strangers.
fairness  morality  culture  ethics  psychology  evolution  cooperation  science  markets  anthropology  cross-culture 
april 2010 by tsuomela
BBC News - Emotional signals cross cultures
People are able to recognise negative sounds, like expressions of disgust, across cultures, say scientists.... The researchers found sounds indicating negative emotions were widely understood by both groups but positive emotions were mainly culture-specific.
emotion  science  psychology  culture  cross-culture  signals  research 
january 2010 by tsuomela

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